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M C Lardone, F Argandoña, M Flórez, A Parada-Bustamante, M Ebensperger, C Palma, A Piottante, A Castro
Several observational studies have showed a combination of lower testosterone (T) to LH ratio and higher estradiol (E2 ) to T ratio in secretory infertile men compared to men with normal spermatogenesis, suggesting a steroidogenic dysfunction of Leydig cells (Lc) that may involve increased aromatase activity. Low T/LH ratio is associated with Lc hyperplasia, which together with LH hyperstimulation may represent compensation for impaired T production. Aromatase expression and oestrogen production are mainly detected in Lc of the testis, although Sertoli and germ cells also contribute to testicular aromatase activity...
October 21, 2016: Andrology
R Boni, A Gallo, S Cecchini
Owing to the progressive decline of sperm motility during storage there is a need to find substances capable of enhancing sperm energy metabolism and motility and/or preserving it from oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate in frozen/thawed bovine spermatozoa the effect of several compounds, such as myo-inositol, pentoxifylline, penicillamine + hypotaurine + epinephrine mixture (PHE), caffeine and coenzyme Q10+ zinc + d-aspartate mixture (CZA), on either kinetic or metabolic parameters. Sperm kinetics was evaluated by Sperm Class Analyser whereas specific fluorochromes were used to evaluated mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular pH, intracellular calcium concentration and lipid peroxidation...
October 21, 2016: Andrology
B Erol, U Sari, A S Amasyali, S Ozkanli, S Sogut, V Hanci, O Efiloglu, Y O Danacioglu, P Engin, F Yencilek, G Atis, A Yildirim, O A Alkoc, T Caskurlu
We aimed to compare the preventive effects of combined antioxidants (CA1, 2) with a single antioxidant drug (thymoquinone; TQ) on experimental testis Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R) injury. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were divided into five groups of seven rats each: control, testis I/R, testis I/R + CA1, testis I/R + CA2, and testis I/R + TQ. After 1 h of testicular ischemia, reperfusion was achieved by detorsion for 4 h. Antioxidants were intraperitoneally administered for 30 min prior to reperfusion...
October 16, 2016: Andrology
H Suzuki, S Matsushita, K Suzuki, G Yamada
Androgen is an essential factor involved in masculinization of external genitalia. Failure of the exposure to 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) causes a hypoplastic penile size and urethral abnormality. The main pathology of hypospadias is defective urethral closure on the ventral side of the penis. Hormone-dependent genes are suggested as the causative factors. However, the detailed mechanisms of DHT functions on urethral tube formation remain unknown. Androgen is both a positive and negative regulator of cell proliferation...
October 1, 2016: Andrology
L Barón, K Fara, H Zapata-Carmona, L Zuñiga, M Kong, J Signorelli, E S Díaz, P Morales
In human spermatozoa, protein kinases have a role in the acrosome reaction (AR) induced by a variety of stimuli. However, there is disagreement or a lack of information regarding the role of protein kinases and phosphatases in the progesterone (P)-induced increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ). In addition, there are no studies regarding the role of Ser/Thr and Tyr phosphatases and there are contradictory results regarding the role of Tyr kinases in the P-induced acrosome reaction. Here, we performed a simultaneous evaluation of the involvement of protein kinases and phosphatases in the P-induced acrosome reaction and in the P-induced calcium influx...
October 1, 2016: Andrology
R Zelli, R Orlandi, J Verstegen, A Troisi, A Elad Ngonput, L Menchetti, L Cardinali, A Polisca
Prostasome-like vesicles (PV) are components of the canine prostatic fluid during ejaculation and despite some enzymatic activities have been identified recently, their functions in the reproductive events in this species are still poorly understood. In this study, we evaluated at neutral or slightly alkaline pH, the effects of different concentrations of purified PV on sperm cell motility characteristics and the impact on the short- and long-term preservation of preserved semen maintained at room temperature...
September 27, 2016: Andrology
Christopher L R Barratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Andrology
A Salas-Huetos, J Blanco, F Vidal, M Grossmann, M C Pons, N Garrido, E Anton
Deciphering the underlying causes of idiopathic male infertility is one of the main challenges in reproductive medicine. This is especially relevant in infertile patients displaying normal seminal parameters and no urogenital or genetic abnormalities. In these cases, the search for additional sperm biomarkers is of high interest. This study was aimed to determine the implications of the sperm miRNA expression profiles in the reproductive capacity of normozoospermic infertile individuals. The expression level of 736 miRNAs was evaluated in spermatozoa from eight normozoospermic infertile males using TaqMan(®) qRT-PCR...
September 27, 2016: Andrology
L Li, Y Wang, X Li, S Liu, G Wang, H Lin, Q Zhu, J Guo, H Chen, H-S Ge, R-S Ge
Stem Leydig cells have been demonstrated to differentiate into adult Leydig cells via intermediate stages of progenitor and immature Leydig cells. However, the exact regulatory mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that the development of stem or progenitor Leydig cells depends upon locally produced growth factors. Microarray analysis revealed that the expression levels of activin type I receptor (Acvr1) and activin A receptor type II-like 1 (Acvrl1) were stem > progenitor = immature = adult Leydig cells...
September 27, 2016: Andrology
C Zerbinati, L Caponecchia, R Rago, E Leoncini, A G Bottaccioli, M Ciacciarelli, A Pacelli, P Salacone, A Sebastianelli, A Pastore, G Palleschi, S Boccia, A Carbone, L Iuliano
Previous reports showed altered fatty acid content in subjects with altered sperm parameters compared to normozoospermic individuals. However, these studies focused on a limited number of fatty acids, included a short number of subjects and results varied widely. We conducted a case-control study involving 155 patients allocated into four groups, including normozoospermia (n = 33), oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (n = 32), asthenozoospermia (n = 25), and varicocoele (n = 44). Fatty acid profiling, including 30 species, was analyzed by a validated gas chromatography (GC) method on the whole seminal fluid sample...
September 27, 2016: Andrology
S Iwatsuki, S Sasaki, K Taguchi, T Hamakawa, K Mizuno, A Okada, Y Kubota, Y Umemoto, Y Hayashi, T Yasui
Obesity is reported to have adverse effects on semen quality and the endocrine system. In this study, we evaluated the effect of obesity on sperm retrieval outcome and reproductive hormone levels in Japanese men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). This study is based on the clinical records of 217 men [172 with a 46,XY karyotype, 45 with Klinefelter syndrome (KS)] with NOA who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction at Nagoya City University Hospital between January 2004 and December 2014...
September 21, 2016: Andrology
O Canguven, R A Talib, J Campbell, L De Young, W El Ansari, A Al-Ansari
Patient concerns about penile length after penile prosthesis (PP) implantation for erectile dysfunction (ED) have significant impact on patients and their partners. In addition, corporal fibrosis is associated with difficult PP implantation. The preoperative use of vacuum erectile devices (VED) is an uncommon physical treatment for such concerns. Therefore, the current randomized controlled study assessed two outcomes: whether pre-operative VED use for a month before surgery would significantly increase flaccid stretched penile length (SPL) on the day of surgery, and facilitate easier corporal dilatation intraoperatively...
September 21, 2016: Andrology
M S Irwig, K Childs, A B Hancock
There is sparse prospective data on the effects of testosterone therapy on the voices of transgender men (also referred to as trans men or female-to-male transsexuals). Our aim was to investigate the timing and degree of voice deepening over 12 months among an ethnically diverse sample of transgender men. This was a prospective 12-month study at an academic outpatient endocrinology clinic and speech and voice center. The participants were seven transgender men naïve to testosterone therapy. All patients received two voice assessments at baseline and one assessment at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months while on intramuscular testosterone esters...
September 19, 2016: Andrology
S Davis, N Lahlou, M Bardsley, M-C Temple, K Kowal, L Pyle, P Zeitler, J Ross
The most common sex chromosome aneuploidy, Klinefelter syndrome (KS), is associated with primary gonadal failure and increased morbidity and mortality from cardiometabolic disorders in adulthood. Children with KS also have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) features. To assess the relationship of gonadal and cardiometabolic function in children with KS, we evaluated serum hormones [gonadotropins, inhibin B (INHB), anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), total testosterone (TT)], and features of MetS (waist circumference, fasting lipid panel, fasting blood glucose (FBG), and blood pressure) in 93 pre-pubertal boys with KS age 4-12 years (mean 7...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
S U Jeh, S Yoon, D H Seo, S W Lee, C Lee, S M Choi, S C Kam, J S Hwa, K H Chung, J S Hyun
Recent studies have focused on the relationship between nocturia and serum testosterone because testosterone is thought to be an important factor of prostate growth. However, it remains unclear whether altered serum concentrations of testosterone is associated with an increased risk of nocturia because patients who were taking diuretics or who had a large prostate, which may precipitate nocturia, were not excluded from most previous studies. We analyzed the clinical records of 596 non-benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) male patients to explore the relationship between serum total testosterone and nocturia...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
G Corona, G Rastrelli, A Burri, E Serra, D Gianfrilli, E Mannucci, E A Jannini, M Maggi
The discontinuation rate with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) remains very high. The aim of this study was to review and meta-analyze currently available data regarding dropout of the first-generation of PDE5i including sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil. An extensive Medline Embase and Cochrane search was performed including the following words: 'PDE5i', 'discontinuation'. All observational studies reporting the dropout rate of PDE5i and its specific causes without any arbitrary restrictions were included...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
J K O'Brien, K J Steinman, G A Fetter, T R Robeck
Circulating concentrations of testosterone and its precursor androstenedione, as well as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and the adrenal hormones cortisol and corticosterone were measured at monthly intervals in 14 male killer whales (Orcinus orca) aged 0.8-38 years. Analyses were performed for examination of the relationships of age, sexual maturation status (STATUS), season, and environmental temperature (monthly air ambient temperature, A-TEMP) with hormone production using a mixed effects linear regression model with animal ID as the random variable...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
J Rohayem, E Nieschlag, M Zitzmann, S Kliesch
Patients with Klinefelter's syndrome experience progressive testicular degeneration resulting in impaired endocrine function and azoospermia. What proportion of adolescents develop testosterone deficiency during puberty and how many have spermatozoa in their semen is unclear to date. We aimed to investigate testicular function during puberty and young adulthood in patients with Klinefelter's syndrome and to assess testosterone effects in target tissues. The clinical data of 281 patients with non-mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome aged 10-25 years without previous testosterone replacement were reviewed...
September 9, 2016: Andrology
V Sapanidou, I Taitzoglou, I Tsakmakidis, I Kourtzelis, D Fletouris, A Theodoridis, S Lavrentiadou, M Tsantarliotou
Oxidative stress is one of the major factors that contribute to poor semen quality and low rates of in vitro fertilization. Crocetin, a main constituent of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) possesses potent antioxidant activity, by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or enhancing the activity of intracellular antioxidant enzymes. The aim of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the effect of crocetin on the quality characteristics of bull spermatozoa and fertilization rate. For this reason, frozen/thawed bovine spermatozoa were incubated with crocetin (1, 2...
August 30, 2016: Andrology
K B Gutzkow, N Duale, T Danielsen, H von Stedingk, S Shahzadi, C Instanes, A-K Olsen, I-L Steffensen, T Hofer, M Törnqvist, G Brunborg, B Lindeman
Diet-induced obesity is known to impair male reproduction and may aggravate the male reproductive toxicity of the food contaminant acrylamide. Exposure of male mice to acrylamide induces paternally mediated pre- and post-implantation losses because of spermatozoal toxicity and these effects are potentiated in mice fed a high-fat diet. Glycidamide - an acrylamide metabolite - is the primary mediator of reproductive effects in males. The mechanisms causing the interaction between diet and acrylamide are not clear...
August 30, 2016: Andrology
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