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Global Heart

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434010/national-prevalence-of-self-reported-coronary-heart-disease-and-chronic-stable-angina-pectoris-factor-analysis-of-the-underlying-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-the-fourth-round-of-the-surfncd-2011
#1
Mehrshad Abbasi, Mohamadreza Neishaboury, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Koorosh Etemad, Alipasha Meysamie, Fereshteh Asgari, Sina Noshad, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Morsaleh Ganji, Ali Rafei, Mostafa Mousavizadeh, Elias Khajeh, Behnam Heidari, Mohammad Saadat, Manouchehr Nakhjavani, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common causes of mortality worldwide. The national prevalence remains unclear in most of the developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to estimate national prevalence of self-reported CHD and chronic stable angina pectoris in the general adult population of Iran using data from the fourth round of the Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2011) survey. METHODS: The analysis comprised data of 11,867 civilian, nonhospitalized and noninstitutionalized residents ages 6 to 70 years of age...
February 9, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409724/survival-after-mi-in-a-community-cohort-study-contribution-of-comorbidities-in-nstemi
#2
Randi E Foraker, Avirup Guha, Henry Chang, Emily C O'Brien, Julie K Bower, Elliott D Crouser, Wayne D Rosamond, Subha V Raman
BACKGROUND: Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) comprises the majority of MI worldwide, yet mortality remains high. Management of NSTEMI is relatively delayed and heterogeneous compared with the "time is muscle" approach to ST-segment elevation MI, though it is unknown to what extent comorbid conditions drive NSTEMI mortality. OBJECTIVES: We sought to quantify mortality due to MI versus comorbid conditions in patients with NSTEMI. METHODS: Participants of the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study cohort ages 45 to 64 years, who developed incident NSTEMI were identified and incidence-density matched to participants who did not experience an MI by age group, sex, race, and study community...
February 3, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276133/lack-of-acute-care-resources-to-diagnose-and-treat-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-lower-income-settings
#4
LETTER
Johann G Beukes, Clint Hendrikse, Stevan R Bruijns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248364/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-rural-to-urban-migrants-versus-the-urban-born-evidence-from-chennai-india
#5
LETTER
Nikkil Sudharsanan, Lulu Tian, Emily Ambinder, Alex Ambinder, Neil K Mehta, Rajendra Pradeepa, Mohan Deepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Mohammed K Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248363/global-coalition-for-the-fight-against-heart-disease-and-stroke-a-global-coalition-for-whf-second-global-summit-on-circulatory-health
#6
David Wood, Samira Asma, Douglas Bettcher, Jack Tan Wei Chieh, Rohan Greenland, Floris Italianer, Etienne Krug, Helen McGuire, Durhane Wong-Rieger, Jean-Luc Eiselé, Jeremiah Mwangi, Joanna Markbreiter, Lyndsey Canham, Alastair White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248362/large-scale-epidemiologic-studies-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-china-need-for-improved-data-collection-methods-transparency-and-documentation
#7
REVIEW
Hui Qu, Yuan Lu, Emily Gudbranson, Emily M Bucholz, Si Xuan, Frederick A Masoudi, John A Spertus, Xin Zheng, Jing Li, Harlan M Krumholz
With the advent of international precision medicine initiatives, it is important to evaluate existing large-scale studies to inform future investigation. This study sought to review, describe, and evaluate all large-scale cardiovascular disease (CVD) studies completed in China. We undertook a review of all large-scale CVD studies completed in China to describe and evaluate their design, implementation, and dissemination in published medical reports. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. There were substantial variations in study design, geographic location, and data collection...
December 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248361/leptin-an-adipokine-with-central-importance-in-the-global-obesity-problem
#8
REVIEW
Jeffrey I Mechanick, Shan Zhao, W Timothy Garvey
Leptin has central importance in the global obesity and cardiovascular disease problem. Leptin is principally secreted by adipocytes and acts in the hypothalamus to suppress appetite and food intake, increase energy expenditure, and regulate body weight. Based on clinical translation of specific and networked actions, leptin affects the cardiovascular system and may be a marker and driver of cardiometabolic risk factors with interventions that are actionable by cardiologists. Leptin subnetwork analysis demonstrates a statistically significant role for ethnoculturally and socioeconomically appropriate lifestyle intervention in cardiovascular disease...
December 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179889/the-burden-of-heart-lung-and-blood-diseases-in-the-united-states-1990-to-2016-perspectives-from-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute
#9
Eric Coles, George A Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179888/secondary-prevention-of-cvd-in-lmic-care-for-the-growing-affected-population
#10
EDITORIAL
Andrew E Moran, Jagat Narula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146490/educational-inequalities-in-cardiovascular-risk-factor-and-blood-pressure-control-in-elderly-adults-comparison-of-mesa-cohort-and-chilean-nhs-survey-outcome-measures
#11
Carolina Nazzal, Steven Shea, Cecilia Castro-Diehl, Tania Alfaro, Patricia Frenz, Carlos J Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Social determinants differ between countries, which is not always considered when adapting health policies and interventions to face inequalities in noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to analyze educational inequalities in controlled blood pressure (CBP), obesity, and smoking in study populations from Chile and the United States in 2 periods, both countries with large social inequalities. METHODS: The study used data from the first and fifth waves of the MESA (Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) cohort, and the 2003 and 2009 to 2010 Chilean National Health Survey (CNHS) survey outcome measures...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#12
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042191/roadmap-to-achieve-25-hypertension-control-in-africa-by-2025
#13
Anastase Dzudie, Brian Rayner, Dike Ojji, Aletta E Schutte, Marc Twagirumukiza, Albertino Damasceno, Seringe Abdou Ba, Abdoul Kane, Euloge Kramoh, Jean Baptiste Anzouan Kacou, Basden Onwubere, Ruth Cornick, Karen Sliwa, Benedict Anisiuba, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Elijah Ogola, Mohamed Awad, George Nel, Harun Otieno, Ali Ibrahim Toure, Samuel Kingue, Andre Pascal Kengne, Pablo Perel, Alma Adler, Neil Poulter, Bongani Mayosi
BACKGROUND: The Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) has identified hypertension as the highest area of priority action to reduce heart disease and stroke on the continent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this PASCAR roadmap on hypertension was to develop practical guidance on how to implement strategies that translate existing knowledge into effective action and improve detection, treatment and control of hypertension and cardiovascular health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by the year 2025...
October 14, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032937/challenges-and-opportunities-to-scale-up-cardiovascular-disease-secondary-prevention-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#14
Álvaro Avezum, Pablo Perel, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Gustavo Restrepo, Fleetwood Loustalot, Andrea Srur, Reinaldo de La Noval, Kenneth I Connell, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Lenildo de Moura, Gabriela Castellac, Antonio C Mattos, Pedro Ordunez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969925/world-heart-day-2017-taking-action-for-cardiovascular-health-around-the-globe
#15
George A Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092759/primary-prevention-in-lmic-from-population-based-surveys-to-risk-factor-interventions
#16
EDITORIAL
Andrew E Moran, Jagat Narula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720665/the-road-to-25%C3%A3-25-update-on-whf-cvd-roadmaps
#17
Alice Grainger-Gasser, Pablo Perel, Léna Lagier-Hässig, David Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498974/salt-intake-in-an-adult-population-of-bangladesh
#18
LETTER
M Mostafa Zaman, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Jasimuddin Ahmed, Rezaul Karim Khandaker, Mian Abdur Rouf, Abdul Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452771/multiple-risk-factor-interventions-for-primary-prevention-of-cvd-in-lmic-a-cochrane-review
#19
REVIEW
Olalekan A Uthman, Louise Hartley, Karen Rees, Fiona Taylor, Shah Ebrahim, Aileen Clarke
This study sought to determine the effectiveness of multiple risk factor interventions aimed at modifying major cardiovascular risk factors for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). We searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials of health promotion interventions to achieve behavior change. The pooled effect indicated a reduction in systolic blood pressure (-6.72 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -9.82 to -3.61; I(2) = 91%), diastolic blood pressure (-4...
September 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26014652/low-prevalence-of-aha-defined-ideal-cardiovascular-health-factors-a-study-of-urban-indian-men-and-women
#20
Balkishan Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Krishna K Sharma, Arvind Gupta, Tulika G Mahanta, Prakash C Deedwania
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease risk factors are widely prevalent among urban subjects in India but the prevalence of good cardiovascular health is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This multisite study sought to determine the prevalence of American Heart Association-defined ideal cardiovascular health factors. METHODS: The study was performed in 11 cities using cluster sampling. Middle-class urban subjects ages 20 to 75 years (N = 6,198; men: 3,426; women: 2,772, response: 62%) were evaluated for socioeconomic, biophysical, and biochemical factors...
September 2017: Global Heart
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