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Israel Journal of Health Policy Research

Beth A Lown, Gary S Setnik
Violence in healthcare settings is a global problem and violent acts are more likely to occur in emergency departments (EDs). Significant barriers to reporting workplace violence persist among healthcare workers. This, and lack of shared definitions and metrics, increase the difficulty of assessing its prevalence, understanding its causes, and comparing the impact of interventions to reduce its frequency. While risk factors for violence in EDs have been articulated, less is known about how the perspectives of patients and accompanying persons, and their interactions with ED staff may contribute to violence...
July 17, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Z Mor, N Nuss, M Savion, I Nissan, M Lidji, S Maneshcu, H Kaidar-Shwartz, Z Amitai, E Rorman, R Sheffer
ABSTRACK: OBJECTIVES: Israel has absorbed > 60,000 migrant from the horn of Africa (MHOA) since 2006. No cross-transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from MOHA to Israeli citizens has yet been reported. This study describes the results of contact investigation and laboratory work-out of a unique mixed cluster which included both MOHA and Israeli citizens. METHODS: Description of the results of epidemiological investigation including laboratory confirmation...
July 15, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Tulin D Cil, Alexandra M Easson
Gender preference among patients seeking medical care is an issue that is not well understood. It warrants exploration, particularly for patients undergoing sensitive physical exams. In a recent IJHPR article, Groutz et al. reported a survey study that explored patient preferences in selecting a breast surgeon. They found that a third of patients preferred a female surgeon for their breast examination. However, surgical ability was the primary factor in selecting a surgeon for their breast surgery. This commentary discusses these findings in the context of patient-centered care and issues of gender equality in medical education...
July 9, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Rivka Rich, Alex Leventhal, Rivka Sheffer, Zohar Mor
BACKGROUND: Commercial sex shares a role in HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) transmission. Men who pay for sex (MPS) may transmit HIV/STI to other populations which are low-risk. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that MPS engage in high-risk sexual behaviors associated with HIV/STI transmission more so than non-MPS. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included heterosexual men who attended an STI clinic between 2003 and 2010. Demographic, clinical, behavioral and laboratory data were compared between MPS and non-MPS to identify factors associated with high-risk sexual behavior and STI-burden...
June 27, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Tamar Berman, Zohar Barnett-Itzhaki, Nisim Mery, Lital Keinan-Boker, Tal Shimony, Rebecca Goldsmith, Thomas Göen, Haim Geva, Laura Rosen
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) increases the risk of heart and respiratory disease, cancer, and premature mortality in non-smoking individuals. Results from the first Israel Biomonitoring Study in 2011 showed that over 60% of non-smoking adults are exposed to ETS. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether policies to restrict smoking in public places have been associated with reductions in exposure to ETS, and to examine predictors of exposure. METHODS: We analyzed urinary cotinine and creatinine concentrations in 194 adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition (RAV MABAT) Survey in 2015-2016...
June 25, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Saralee Glasser, Daphna Levinson, Ethel-Sherry Gordon, Tali Braun, Ziona Haklai, Nehama Goldberger
BACKGROUND: Postpartum suicidality, a result of extreme distress or depression, is a tragedy for the woman, infant, and family. Screening for postpartum depression (PPD) is mandatory in Israel, including a question on suicidal ideation. This study presents and analyzes data regarding rates, trends and characteristics of postpartum women who considered, attempted, or completed suicide, to help direct services aimed at preventing these occurrences. METHODS: Suicidal ideation data based on PPD screening was drawn from various publications and databases...
June 25, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Ohad Green, Liat Ayalon
BACKGROUND: Home care workers work in an isolated environment, with limited supervision and guidance which makes them more prone to abuse and exploitation. While past research focused mostly on the well-being of care recipients, this study aimed to shed light on the care workers' daily reality and explore if and how boundaries of professional care work are blurred. Our primary aim was to assess the working conditions and the prevalence of abuse and exploitation among live-in migrant home care workers and live-out local home care workers...
June 21, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Shmuel Reis
In a recent IJHPR article, Dankner et al. describe a reform in one longitudinal strand within Basic Medical Education i.e." public health and preventive medicine curriculum" using a Competency Based Medical Education approach. This reform raises several concerns: What should prompt a medical school to change a curriculum? How should such change be conducted? What kinds of paradigms may inform such a change? What constitutes a success in a curricular reform? And, how can curricular reform be evaluated within a reasonable time framework?This commentary addresses these concerns and concludes that curricular reform should follow as much as possible the current wisdom of educational innovation and change strategy, follow a clear vision, mission, and selected educational paradigm, and pay attention to stakeholders, context, culture and politics...
June 7, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Rachel Podell, Vered Kaufman Shriqui, Yael Wolff Sagy, Orly Manor, Arie Ben-Yehuda
BACKGROUND: In view of increasing global and local trends in population ageing and the high healthcare utilization rates among the elderly, this study assesses the quality of primary care provided to the elderly population in Israel. It examines changes in quality over time, how quality varies across sub-groups of the elderly, and how quality in Israel compares with other countries. Data originate from the National Program for Quality Indicators in Community Healthcare (QICH), which operates in full collaboration with Israel's four HMOs...
June 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Maya Peled-Raz, Michal Perl, Manfred S Green
BACKGROUND: By law, the provision of medical treatment to minors in the State of Israel is conditional upon the consent of their parents. In 2004, the Head of the Medical Administration Unit in the Ministry of Health issued Circular No. 4/2004 regarding the treatment of un-accompanied minors in primary care clinics. This circular aims to expand on the law, and permits the treatment of certain minors without parental attendance or consent. The circular does indicate that parents should be notified of the treatment retroactively, and provides cases in which it is possible to avoid notification altogether...
June 1, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Charles Weissman, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Alexander Avidan, Uriel Elchalal, Howard Tandeter
BACKGROUND: The greatest challenges facing healthcare systems include ensuring a sufficient supply of primary care physicians and physicians willing to work in rural or peripheral areas. Especially challenging is enticing young physicians to practice primary care in rural/peripheral areas. Identifying medical students interested in primary care and in residencies in Israel's periphery should aid the healthcare leadership. It may be particularly important to do so during the clinical years, as this is the stage at which many future physicians begin to crystallize their specialty and location preferences...
May 29, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Shannon Wu, Bruce Leff
Frailty is associated with poorer quality of life and higher healthcare utilization and spending. Despite its importance, no clear consensus exists on the definition of frailty. The recent IJHPR article by Buch et al. significantly contributes to the advancement of Israel's understanding of frailty by estimating for the first time the prevalence of frailty in the country. This commentary discusses the context of past and current advancements in measuring frailty and discusses how frailty measurement can contribute to both clinical care and the organization of health services to care for frail older adults in Israel and other developed countries...
May 23, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Efrat Shadmi
The complex nature of studying health and healthcare disparities in general, and in the context of the Israeli healthcare system in particular, is depicted in two recent IJHPR articles. The first examines Emergency Department (ED) waiting times in a tertiary children's hospital and the second examines disparities in the health care for people with schizophrenia of an ethnic-national minority. Contrary to other Israeli studies on wide disparities in health and healthcare, these studies show no disparities -  ED waiting times did not differ among Arab and Jewish children and report no differences in performance of Hemoglobin A1C tests or in surgical interventions in patients with cardiovascular disease between Arabs and Jews with schizophrenia...
May 22, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Dan Henry Levy, Alon Livny, Harold Sgan-Cohen, Nirit Yavnai
BACKGROUD: The need for dental treatments, especially those related to dental caries, may be associated with and influenced by a wide range of demographic variables. The aim of this study was to describe caries related treatment needs among young Israeli adults and the association with several socio-demographic factors, including socio-economic cluster (SEC), intellectual capabilities, ethnicity and other variables. METHODS: Data were collected from dental records of army recruits between 2012 and 2013...
May 9, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Hagit Bonny-Noach
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, the young-adult backpacking trip has emerged as a significant social phenomenon in Israeli society. This has received attention from scholars specializing in anthropology and tourism research, but only a few analytical studies exist on the drug policy processes and few provide Israeli social and health perspectives. The interaction of policymakers, media, and health deviancy is an important focus of inquiry. This study charts the establishment of a drug policy for Israeli backpackers...
May 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Leonard M Pogach, David C Aron
In Israel, as in other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, performance measurement is a key public health strategy in monitoring and improving population health outcomes. The Israeli Quality Indicators in Community Healthcare (QICH) program has utilized electronic health records to monitor ambulatory care for the entire Israeli population since 2002. In 2006 the measures were updated to include laboratory values. They have been subsequently revised by stratifying by age, duration, adding medications, and changing frequency of testing for certain process measures...
May 3, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Alexander Avidan, Charles Weissman, Uriel Elchalal, Howard Tandeter, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony
BACKGROUND: Israeli medical school classes include a number of student subgroups. Therefore, interventions aimed at recruiting medical students to the various specialties should to be tailored to each subgroup. METHODS: Questionnaires, distributed to 6 consecutive 5th-year classes of the Hebrew University - Hadassah School of Medicine, elicited information on criteria for choosing a career specialty, criteria for choosing a residency program and the importance of finding a specialty interesting and challenging when choosing a residency...
April 18, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Assaf Buch, Lital Keinan-Boker, Yitshal Berner, Eli Carmeli, Rebecca Goldsmith, Naftali Stern
BACKGROUND: Increasing longevity presents new social and medical challenges in developed countries. The prevalence of frailty is of interest because of its association with health prognosis and outcomes, but so far there is no single best diagnostic tool for this entity. Therefore, estimated prevalence of frailty in countries varies considerably and ranges between 5% and 58%. In Israel, the nation-wide prevalence of frailty in the elderly population is presently unknown. The objective of our study was to assess the rate of the frailty in elderly Israelis...
April 12, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Raya Madar, Bruria Adini, David Greenberg, Yehezkel Waisman, Avishay Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Critically-injured children are frequently treated by providers who lack specialty pediatric training in facilities that have not been modified for the care of children. We set out to understand the attitudes and perspectives of policy makers, and senior nursing and medical managers in the Israeli healthcare system, concerning the provision of medical care to pediatric trauma casualties in emergency departments. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 17 health professionals from medical centers across Israel and the Ministry of Health...
March 28, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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