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Avicenna Journal of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682482/hypertension-management-in-older-adults
#1
Ahmad Alsarah, Osama Alsara, Ghassan Bachuwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682481/modified-three-stitch-hernioplasty-technique
#2
Charalampos Kokkinos, Georgios Anagnostopoulos, Dimitrios Filippou, Panagiotis Skandalakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682480/cd4-positive-lymphoepithelial-like-carcinoma-report-of-unusual-case
#3
Luaay Aziz, Raya Saab, Toufic Eid, Mousa A Al-Abbadi
We are reporting an unusual case of lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LELC) in an 8-year-old female patient where the tumor cells showed unusual CD4 expression. The lesion was found in the left submandibular neck region, in the vicinity of the submandibular gland. The salivary gland was not infiltrated by the tumor, and the tumor exhibited a classic LELC with single and clusters of tumor cells surrounded by many hematolymphoid cells. The tumor cells revealed strong positivity for Epstein-Bar virus as confirmed by the EBER: Epstein-Barr Virus in situ hybridization (EBER-ISH) method of staining...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682479/submandibular-lipoblastoma-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor-in-childhood
#4
Olfa El Amine, Meyssa Belghith, Hasna Salhi, Aida Goucha, Amor Gamoudi
Lipoblastoma is a rare, benign tumor usually occurring in childhood. It is essentially localized in the extremities and trunk, with few cases reported in the neck. We report the case of a 2-year-old girl with a rapidly enlarging, painless neck mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a 3-cm mass in the right submandibular region. Review of literature, diagnostic methods, and genetics of lipomatous tumors are discussed. Complete surgical excision via a lateral cervical approach demonstrated a white soft tissue with an adherent ganglion...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682478/significance-of-bacteriuria-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#5
Ibrahim Taweel, Norman Beatty, Alexsis Duarte, David Nix, Kathryn Matthias, Mayar Al Mohajer
The significance of bacteriuria in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) is unclear. It is not known whether treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is associated with lower rates of urinary tract infection or readmission. Adult patients with ESRD on HD were retrospectively evaluated to assess factors associated with the recurrence of bacteriuria and readmission. We included 68 patients in the analysis. There were 20 patients (29.4%) with urinary symptoms. All symptomatic patients received antibiotic therapy, whereas half of the asymptomatic patients received antibiotics...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682477/identification-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-ampc-and-carbapenemase-production-among-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-north-indian-tertiary-care-centre
#6
Uma Chaudhary, Shipra Agarwal, Kausalya Raghuraman
Introduction: Identification of Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL), AmpC production and carbapenemase production among isolates of Escherichia coli , helps clinician to rationalize the choice of antibiotics. However, there is a lack of simple and effective method for simultaneous identification of these beta lactamases. Aim: To determine the concurrent production of beta lactamases using twelve disc method on E. coli isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 multidrug resistant E...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682476/visual-versus-fully-automated-assessment-of-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#7
Rami Mahmood Abazid, Samah I Abohamr, Osama A Smettei, Mohammed S Qasem, Annie R Suresh, Mohammad F Al Harbi, Abdulrahman N Aljaber, Athary A Al Motairy, Diana E Albiela, Bashayer Muhil Almutairi, Haitham Sakr
Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare three different echocardiographic methods commonly used in the assessment of left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (EF). Methods: All patients underwent full echocardiography including LVEF assessed using M-mode, automated EF (Auto-EF), and visual estimation by two readers. Results: We enrolled 268 patients. Auto-EF measurement was feasible in 240 (89.5%) patients. The averaged LVEF was (52% ± 12) with the visual assessment, (51% ± 11) with Auto-EF and (57% ± 13) with M-mode...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404272/type-i-kounis-syndrome-variant-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Abdullah Haddad, Triston Smith, Aneel Bole, Moneal Shah, Mithun Chakravarthy
Kounis syndrome defined as the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of allergic reaction due to mast cells activation and inflammatory mediators release that induces coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion, or even stent thrombosis. A 25-year-old postpartum female with asthma and recurrent episodes of chest pain was admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the setting of coronary artery spasms. The patient was started on calcium channel blockers and nitrite-based medication with no improvement...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404271/nivolumab-induced-new-onset-seronegative-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-advanced-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Ammar Haikal, E Borba, Taqui Khaja, Gary Doolittle, Paul Schmidt
Immune-related adverse events have been reported in patients treated with anti-programmed death-1 receptor drugs such as nivolumab. We present a case of a new-onset seronegative rheumatoid arthritis in a patient with metastatic melanoma treated with nivolumab.
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404270/attitudes-barriers-and-practices-toward-research-and-publication-among-medical-students-at-the-university-of-damascus-syria
#10
Tarek Turk, Tareq Al Saadi, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Ibrahem Hanafi, Fares Alahdab, Belal Firwana, Maysoun Koudsi, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
Introduction: Research is crucial for health-care delivery. However, medical students may not participate in research during their training, which might negatively affect their understanding of the importance of research and their future ability to conduct research projects. This is more prominent in developing countries. We aim to assess the attitudes of a sample of Syrian medical students toward research and suggest plausible solutions to reduce their self-reported barriers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered, pretested questionnaire...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404269/the-prevalence-of-restless-leg-syndrome-among-pregnant-saudi-women
#11
Mohmd Khan, Noha Mobeireek, Yassar Al-Jahdali, Nujood Al-Dubyan, Anwar Ahmed, Majed Al-Gamedi, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Objectives: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among pregnant women, but it has not been documented in pregnant Saudi Arabian women. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the extent of the prevalence of RLS and identify both the associated factors and the associated risk factors among pregnant Saudi women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women visiting obstetric clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh (KAMC-Riyadh) over the period from June 1 to November 1, 2014...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404268/pilot-study-comparing-efficacy-of-14-day-triple-therapy-clarithromycin-versus-levofloxacin-on-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-syrian-population-single-center-experience
#12
Khaled Mohammad Cheha, Sawsan Omar Ali Dib, Marouf Mohammad Alhalabi
Context: Goals: To compare the efficacy of standard triple therapy with clarithromycin versus triple therapy with levofloxacin for treatment of Helicobacter pylori -positive infection in a referral hospital in Damascus, Syria. Design: pilot prospective open-label randomized controlled trial. Subjects and Methods: Eighty treatment-naive patients who tested positive for H. pylori gastric infection were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups with randomization ratio of 50/50...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404267/the-islamic-tradition-and-health-inequities-a-preliminary-conceptual-model-based-on-a-systematic-literature-review-of-muslim-health-care-disparities
#13
Aasim I Padela, Danish Zaidi
Objective: The objective of this study was to identify mechanisms by which Islamic beliefs, values, and Muslim identity might contribute to health inequities among Muslim populations. Methods: A systematic literature review of empirical studies in Medline from 1980 to 2009 was conducted. The search strategy used three terms covering health-care disparities, ethnicity, and location to uncover relevant papers. Results: A total of 171 articles were relevant based on titles and abstracts...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119087/a-new-primary-health-care-system-in-the-syrian-opposition-territories-good-effort-but-far-from-being-perfect
#14
Tarek Alsaied, Abdullah Mawas, Fatima Al Sayah, Abdulrazzak Kental, Maher Saqqur
Objectives: The primary health-care system in Syria has suffered a great deal of damage over the past 6 years. A large number of physicians and health-care providers have left the country. The objectives of this study are to describe our experience in establishing a primary health-care system in the opposition territories (OTs) in Syria and report the most common treated diseases. Methods: The administrative databases of ten primary care centers in the OT from January 2014 to December 2015 were reviewed...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119086/can-acute-phase-response-biomarkers-differentiate-infection-from-inflammation-postpediatric-cardiac-surgery
#15
Bana Agha Nasser, Abdu Rahman Mesned, Mohamad Tageldein, Mohamed S Kabbani, Nada Siddig Sayed
Background: Infection is a common serious complication postpediatric cardiac surgery. Diagnosis of infection after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is difficult in the presence of surgical stress, hemodynamic instability, and inflammatory reaction. Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the value of available inflammatory biomarkers and its validity to differentiate infection from inflammation postpediatric cardiac surgery and to find the trend and the change in the level of these biomarkers shortly after cardiac surgery...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119085/pediatric-care-during-a-short-term-medical-mission-to-a-syrian-refugee-camp-in-northern-jordan
#16
Kenneth L Abbott, Catherine A Woods, Dahlia A Halim, Henna A Qureshi
Introduction: The Syrian refugee crisis, now in its 6th year, has displaced millions. Refugees depend on support from host nation governments and humanitarian organizations like the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS). We describe the delivery of pediatric care during a SAMS short-term medical mission to a refugee camp in Northern Jordan. Methods: The medical mission team encompassed dozens of specialties. Teams visited many sites, including the Zaatari refugee camp near the Syrian border...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119084/gluten-free-diet-among-school-age-children-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#17
Eyad Almallouhi, Imad Absah
Objective: To assess the prevalence of gluten-free diet (GFD) among school-age children in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and compare it with the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in the same age group. Methods: We performed a population-based study in Olmsted County using a survey to collect information from the six school districts in the county for the academic year 2014-2015. The survey contained questions to (1) assess the prevalence of GFD among school-age children in the public schools of Olmsted County; (2) assess the prevalence of CD among school-age children in Olmsted County; and (3) determine the indications for GFD in these children...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119083/awareness-of-health-effects-of-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-from-cigarettes-a-cross-sectional-study-of-never-smoked-adult-primary-care-patients-in-eastern-nigeria
#18
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Peace Ifeoma Collins
Background: Cigarette smoking whether actively or passively is a growing public health problem. Despite the wealth of information on the hazards of active cigarette smoking, awareness of the health effects of passive smoking on human population is often neglected in Nigeria. Aim: The study was aimed at describing the awareness of health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes among never-smoked adult primary care patients in Eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based study carried out on a cross-section of 500 adult patients in a primary care clinic in Nigeria...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119082/cardiac-manifestations-of-familial-mediterranean-fever
#19
REVIEW
Ahmad Alsarah, Osama Alsara, Heather S Laird-Fick
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is autoinflammatory disorder characterized by sporadic attacks of fever, peritonitis, pleuritis, and arthritis. It is mainly seen in patients from Mediterranean origins, but it is now reported more frequently in Europe and North America due to immigration. To analyze the data on the cardiovascular manifestations in FMF patients, we searched PubMed using the terms "Familial Mediterranean Fever" or "FMF" in combination with other key words including "cardiovascular diseases" "pericardial diseases" "atherosclerosis" "coronary artery diseases" "cardiomyopathy" "pulmonary hypertension" or "valvular diseases...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119081/adnexal-masses-in-pregnancy-an-updated-review
#20
REVIEW
Abdullah M Hakoun, Iyad AbouAl-Shaar, Khaled J Zaza, Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Mohammad Nour A Salloum
Adnexal masses in pregnancy are not commonly encountered. The majority of these masses are discovered incidentally during routine follow-up. However, some of these masses become symptomatic due to their size, location, and impingement of adjacent structures. Several diagnostic modalities can be utilized for the detection of adnexal masses with different sensitivity and specificity rates. The differential diagnosis of adnexal masses discovered during pregnancy is broad and includes both benign and malignant lesions...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
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