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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319337/reliable-change-and-minimum-clinically-important-difference-mcid-of-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychology-status-rbans-in-a-heterogeneous-dementia-sample-support-for-reliable-change-methods-but-not-the-mcid
#1
Megan E O'Connell, Benjamin Gould, Jake Ursenbach, Joe Enright, Debra G Morgan
We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults...
January 10, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313729/linguistic-factors-associated-with-phonemic-fluency-performance-in-a-sample-of-bilingual-hispanic-undergraduate-students
#2
Jennifer Bennett, Steven P Verney
Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Students also completed a general cognitive and English reading measure...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313722/normative-data-for-farsi-speaking-iranians-in-the-united-states-on-measures-of-executive-functioning
#3
Justina F Avila, Steven P Verney, Kaitlyn Kauzor, Amina Flowers, Maryam Mehradfar, Jill Razani
As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313718/neuropsychological-assessment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-current-ethical-challenges-and-recommendations-for-future-practice
#4
Chantel D Mayo, Vanessa Scarapicchia, Lara K Robinson, Jodie R Gawryluk
Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Ultimately, a comprehensive understanding of these issues as well as an integration of resources to guide clinical practice will contribute to ethical decision-making and strong professional practice...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308933/evaluating-the-accuracy-of-the-wechsler-memory-scale-fourth-edition-wms-iv-logical-memory-embedded-validity-index-for-detecting-invalid-test-performance
#5
Jason R Soble, Kathleen M Bain, K Chase Bailey, Joshua W Kirton, Janice C Marceaux, Edan A Critchfield, Karin J M McCoy, Justin J F O'Rourke
Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs...
January 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308917/assessing-the-effects-of-concussion-using-the-c3logix-test-battery-an-exploratory-study
#6
John P K Bernstein, Matthew Calamia, Joshua Pratt, Shelly Mullenix
The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Although the C3Logix has been used increasingly by athletic organizations at all levels of play, its utility within the concussion population has not been extensively examined. The current study aimed to determine whether the C3Logix is sensitive to the effects of concussion. A total of 54 student-athletes enrolled at a large southern university completed the C3Logix at baseline and within days following a suspected concussion (mean = 2...
January 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251998/examining-a-novel-performance-validity-task-for-the-detection-of-feigned-attentional-problems
#7
Leslie C Morey
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis of particular significance for college students, as when present it can significantly compromise academic achievement. However, because high-stakes decisions may be riding on the outcome of an ADHD evaluation (such as access to educational accommodations or stimulant medication), the diagnosis is vulnerable to exaggeration or feigning of symptoms or impairment. This study evaluates a novel procedure, the Tests of Attentional Distraction (TOAD), which is a computer-based performance validity measure involving a low difficulty continuous performance task that directly and obviously targets attentional function...
December 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236528/role-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-deep-brain-stimulation-review-of-the-literature-and-considerations-for-clinicians
#8
Joseph A Mole, Simon J Prangnell
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. We consider the role of the clinical neuropsychologist in DBS in relation to: assessment, formulation, evaluation and research, intervention or implementation, and communication...
December 13, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182360/relationship-between-smell-identification-testing-and-the-neuropsychological-assessment-of-dementia-in-community-dwelling-adults
#9
William Goette, Andrew Schmitt, Avery Clark
The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) with neuropsychological tests and identify the utility of the UPSIT in detecting cognitive impairment. This research was an archival study of neuropsychological test results obtained from 70 clients (30 male/40 female) of a community-based memory clinic. The sample had an average age of 69.7 (SD = 9.7) and education of 14.6 (SD = 2.8) years. Hypotheses were tested using correlations, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression...
November 28, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172725/objective-cognitive-impairment-and-subjective-cognitive-problems-in-veterans-initiating-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#10
Maya E O'Neil, Benjamin Laman-Maharg, Paula P Schnurr, Kathleen F Carlson, Elizabeth W Twamley, Carolyn Peterson, Daniel Storzbach, Mark Helfand, Nina A Sayer
The prevalence of cognitive impairment in Veterans initiating an evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not yet established and has implications for service delivery. Our objectives were to (1) describe the type, severity, and prevalence of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems experienced by Veterans at the time they began an EBP for PTSD and (2) determine whether assessments of objective cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive problems agree...
November 27, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161175/performance-discrepancies-on-the-boston-naming-test-in-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-american-young-adults
#11
Sabrina Na, Tricia Z King
The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is one of the most commonly used naming measures in neuropsychology. Although research in the older adult population has shown that African-American (AA) adults perform more poorly on the BNT than non-Hispanic White American (WA) adults, these findings have yet to be replicated in younger adults. The BNT and measures of word reading (WJ-Letter Word ID) and vocabulary (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Vocabulary) were administered to 50 WA and 33 AA young adults. Performance was age-normed based on published norms and transformed into z-scores...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161151/an-index-of-decline-or-recovery-following-nonimpact-and-impact-mtbi
#12
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson
This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161150/cognitive-impairment-in-schizophrenia-and-depression-a-comparison-of-stability-and-course
#13
Peter Neu, Tina Gooren, Ulrike Niebuhr, Peter Schlattmann
Cognitive deficits are clinically relevant features in schizophrenia and depression, yet little comparative data on changes in both disorders is available. This study compares cognitive performance of inpatients with schizophrenia (N = 52) and unipolar major depression (N = 67) during psychiatric treatment, assessing performance twice: after admission to hospital (acute) and prior to discharge (postacute) on average seven weeks later. A group of healthy controls was tested at comparable intervals. Data was analyzed using a multivariate linear model...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111772/aggregating-validity-indicators-the-salience-of-domain-specificity-and-the-indeterminate-range-in-multivariate-models-of-performance-validity-assessment
#14
Laszlo A Erdodi
This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied...
November 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099636/cognitive-functioning-in-long-term-cancer-survivorship-a-survey-utilizing-both-standardized-neuropsychological-and-self-report-measures
#15
Barbara Muzzatti, Lorena Giovannini, Cristiana Flaiban, Nicoletta Cattaruzza, Maria Antonietta Annunziata
Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions...
November 3, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712132/diagnostic-utility-of-the-hiv-dementia-scale-and-the-international-hiv-dementia-scale-in-screening-for-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-among-spanish-speaking-adults
#16
Enrique López, Alexander J Steiner, Kimberly Smith, Nicholas S Thaler, David J Hardy, Andrew J Levine, Hussah T Al-Kharafi, Cristina Yamakawa, Karl Goodkin
Given that neurocognitive impairment is a frequent complication of HIV-1 infection in Spanish-speaking adults, the limited number of studies assessing HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in this population raises serious clinical concern. In addition to being appropriately translated, instruments need to be modified, normed, and validated accordingly. The purpose of the current study was to examine the diagnostic utility of the HIV Dementia Scale (HDS) and International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS) to screen for HAND in Spanish-speaking adults living with HIV infection...
November 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712105/normative-data-for-evaluating-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-a-handheld-neurocognitive-assessment-tool
#17
Andrea S Vincent, Christopher M Bailey, Charles Cowan, Eugenia Cox-Fuenzalida, Jeff Dyche, Kim A Gorgens, Daniel C Krawczyk, Leanne Young
The BrainScope Ahead 300 is designed for use by health care professionals to aid in the assessment of patients suspected of a mild traumatic brain injury. The purpose of the current study was to establish normative data for the cognitive test component of the Ahead 300 system and to evaluate the role of demographic factors on test performance. Healthy, community-dwelling adults between the ages of 18 and 80 recruited from five geographically distributed sites were administered Android versions of the ANAM Matching to Sample and Procedural Reaction Time tests that comprise the cognitive test component of the Ahead 300 system by trained personnel...
November 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645626/role-of-working-memory-inhibition-and-fluid-intelligence-in-the-performance-of-the-tower-of-london-task
#18
Giovanni D'Antuono, Francesca Romana La Torre, Dario Marin, Gabriella Antonucci, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia
We investigated the relationship between verbal and visuo-spatial measures of working memory, inhibition, fluid intelligence and the performance on the Tower of London (ToL) task in a large sample of 830 healthy participants aged between 18 and 71 years. We found that fluid intelligence and visuo-spatial working memory accounted for a significant variance in the ToL task, while performances on verbal working memory and on the Stroop Test were not predictive for performance on the ToL. The present results confirm that fluid intelligence has a fundamental role on planning tests, but also show that visuo-spatial working memory plays a crucial role in ToL performance...
November 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636355/relationship-among-apathy-cognition-and-real-world-disability-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Konstantine K Zakzanis, Kyrsten M Grimes
It is well established that most people recover soon after a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), yet protracted neuropsychological impairment is evident in many individuals. We sought to elucidate the relationship between apathy and neuropsychological impairment and disability as it pertains to real-world function in patients who sustained a mTBI reporting and demonstrating protracted neuropsychological impaired (i.e., more than three months post-injury). We employed a battery of neuropsychological and psychological measures, along with a measure of apathy in 104 patients who sustained a mTBI reporting neuropsychological complaints (38 in the not disabled group and 66 in the disabled group)...
November 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624895/neuropsychological-assessment-of-86-year-old-man-with-broca-s-aphasia-complaining-of-memory-difficulties
#20
Damith Woods, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Janja Rattanajan
We report the clinical assessment of J.P., an 86 year-old man with Broca's aphasia complaining of memory problems. Our aim was to objectively investigate his level of cognitive functioning using standardized neuropsychological tests in order to determine the nature of his memory impairment. J.P.'s medical history included left-middle cerebral artery (left-MCA) stroke, high frequency hearing loss, macular degeneration, and a recent hospitalization related to a fall. Results from his neuropsychological testing and from information gathered during the clinical interview with his wife suggested that a deficit in executive functioning might have been the source for some of his perceived memory problems...
November 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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