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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111772/aggregating-validity-indicators-the-salience-of-domain-specificity-and-the-indeterminate-range-in-multivariate-models-of-performance-validity-assessment
#1
Laszlo A Erdodi
This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied...
November 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099636/cognitive-functioning-in-long-term-cancer-survivorship-a-survey-utilizing-both-standardized-neuropsychological-and-self-report-measures
#2
Barbara Muzzatti, Lorena Giovannini, Cristiana Flaiban, Nicoletta Cattaruzza, Maria Antonietta Annunziata
Since long-term cancer survivorship is a reality for an increasing number of people, understanding their cognitive functioning is useful for both research and clinical purposes. This study described the cognitive functioning of Italian long-term cancer survivors, using both an objective standardized battery and a self-report questionnaire. A total of 136 Italian adults 5+ years free from cancer and its treatments were administered the Esame Neuropsicologico Breve, the Self-Assessment Scale of Cognitive Functioning, and assessments of other psychological dimensions...
November 3, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020472/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-combined-with-cognitive-training-on-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-with-hiv-a-pilot-study
#3
Pariya L Fazeli, Adam J Woods, Caitlin N Pope, David E Vance, Karlene K Ball
The objective of this study was to examine combination speed of processing (SOP) cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) and transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) as neurorehabilitation in older HIV+ adults. Thirty-three HIV+ adults aged 50+ completed neurocognitive testing and were randomized to either active (n = 17) or sham (n = 16) tDCS. Both conditions received 10 1-hour sessions of SOP CRT, with either active or sham tDCS for the first 20 minutes. Participants then completed a posttest assessment...
October 11, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020466/improving-post-stroke-cognitive-and-behavioral-abnormalities-by-using-virtual-reality-a-case-report-on-a-novel-use-of-nirvana
#4
Rosaria De Luca, Michele Torrisi, Adriana Piccolo, Giovanni Bonfiglio, Provvidenza Tomasello, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Cognitive impairment, as well as mood and anxiety disorders, occur frequently in patients following stroke. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combined rehabilitative treatment using conventional relaxation and respiratory techniques, in a specific rehabilitative virtual environment (by using Bts-Nirvana). A 58-year-old woman, affected by hemorrhagic stroke, underwent two different rehabilitation trainings, including either standard relaxation techniques alone in a common clinical setting or the same psychological approach in a semi-immersive virtual environment with an augmented sensorial (audio-video) and motor feedback (sensory motor-interaction)...
October 11, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976220/private-speech-in-simultaneous-and-early-spanish-english-bilinguals
#5
Alfredo Ardila, Kate Benettieri, Yoandra Church, Angela Orozco, Carlos Saucedo
This study analyzed private speech in a group of sixty Spanish-English bilinguals. A Private Speech Questionnaire including questions about seven different conditions, that is, spiritual thinking (e.g., praying, meditating), dreaming, thinking, problem-solving, recalling past events, recalling information, and dealing with stress, was designed. Furthermore, the sample was divided into two subgroups: born in the United States (simultaneous bilinguals) and born outside the United States but arriving to the country before the age of 10 (early successive bilinguals)...
October 4, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976213/virtual-apartment-based-stroop-for-assessing-distractor-inhibition-in-healthy-aging
#6
Thomas D Parsons, Michael Barnett
Executive functioning declines found in healthy aging may impact negatively on everyday activities. Inhibitory control is an executive function that involves the preclusion of irrelevant information and prohibition of prepotent responses. Decreased inhibitory control has been suggested as a feature of age-related cognitive decline. In this study, we compared a Virtual Apartment Stroop Task with paper-and-pencil and computerized Stroop modalities in older adults and young adults. The primary results were (a) within groups the classic "Stroop pattern" found in traditional modalities (e...
October 4, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945138/cross-sectional-associations-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-performance-across-cognitive-domains-a-systematic-review
#7
Tara Alcorn, Elise Hart, Ashleigh E Smith, Daniel Feuerriegel, Blossom C M Stephan, Mario Siervo, Hannah A D Keage
This review aimed to systematically evaluate associations between the Metabolic Syndrome and domain specific cognitive performance from cross-sectional studies. PsycINFO and Medline were searched on 12 January 2017 with the terms "Metabolic Syndrome" and "cogni*." A total of 973 articles were identified, with 26 meeting inclusion criteria. Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome were consistently reported to have poorer performance on executive function tasks that were not adaptations of the verbal fluency task, including the Stockings of Cambridge test, Color-Word Inference Test and Frontal Assessment Battery; findings from adaptations of the verbal fluency test showed less consistent results...
September 25, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937807/use-of-virtual-reality-in-improving-poststroke-neglect-promising-neuropsychological-and-neurophysiological-findings-from-a-case-study
#8
Rosaria De Luca, Viviana Lo Buono, Antonino Leo, Margherita Russo, Bianca Aragona, Simona Leonardi, Antonio Buda, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood...
September 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933956/relationship-between-reading-and-long-term-storage-and-retrieval-glr-in-college-students
#9
Maria Jesus Avitia, Alan S Kaufman, Melissa Bray, James C Kaufman
The purpose of this study was to (a) identify the relationship between specific types of reading ability, different forms of learning, and long-term memory and retrieval (Glr); and then (b) to determine the degree to which self-assessed reading ability and a Glr measure could predict objective reading ability. College students were administered three different reading assessments from the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition (KTEA-II): word reading, reading comprehension, and nonsense word decoding...
September 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925738/psychometric-properties-of-the-saint-louis-university-mental-status-examination
#10
Susan K Shwartz, Robin D Morris, Suzanne Penna
The Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination is a brief screening measure for mild neurocognitive disorder developed for use with veterans. To date, there has been a paucity of research on its psychometric properties. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the SLUMS in a referred sample to a specialty clinic. Using a sample of 148 male veterans referred to a Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Clinic for evaluation, the ability of the SLUMS to discriminate between MCI versus Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or no diagnosis was compared to results from a more comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925733/comparison-of-the-buschke-selective-reminding-test-and-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Damian Leitner, Harry Miller, Maya Libben
This study examined score and classification differences between the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) and the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) in a TBI sample. Seventy-nine participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) were included and were comprised of 49 mild TBI, 11 moderate TBI, and 14 severe TBI. The majority of participants with mild TBI were involved in litigation. Scores were compared between the CVLT-II and SRT on the total sample and after segregating TBI severity...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925716/differential-neural-activation-when-voluntarily-regulating-emotions-in-service-members-with-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Michael N Dretsch, Thomas A Daniel, Adam M Goodman, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas Denney, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Jennifer L Robinson
The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. soldiers with chronic mTBI (n = 37) and without (Controls, n = 35). Participants were instructed to maintain (passively view), enhance, and suppress emotions associated with negative and neutral visual stimuli...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922012/neuropsychological-outcome-of-a-case-of-susac-syndrome-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#13
Andrew W Barritt, Mirdhu Wickremaratchi, Stuart J Anderson
Susac syndrome is a rare condition characterised by the clinical triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and sensorineural hearing loss. Of the few published cases, there is variability with regard to cognitive outcome. We describe the clinical course and neuropsychological performance of a 21-year-old male patient presenting with severe encephalopathy and later developing the full triad fulfilling the diagnosis of Susac syndrome.
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922010/detecting-memory-performance-validity-with-detects-a-computerized-performance-validity-test
#14
Rui Paulo, Pedro B Albuquerque
Evaluating performance validity is essential in neuropsychological and forensic assessments. Nonetheless, most psychological assessment tests are unable to detect performance validity and other methods must be used for this purpose. A new Performance Validity Test (DETECTS - Memory Performance Validity Test) was developed with several characteristics that enhance test utility. Moreover, precise response time measurement was added to DETECTS. Two groups of participants (normative and simulator group) completed DETECTS and three memory tests from the Wechsler Memory Scale III...
September 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880690/cognitive-intervention-for-early-stage-dementia-research-and-techniques
#15
John W DenBoer
Dementia is a growing world-wide phenomenon, impacting more than six million people in the United States. Despite its high projected prevalence, it is a significantly under-estimated phenomena, with estimates ranging from 15 to 25% of the current U.S. POPULATION: The effect of the aging of the population and significant increase in life expectancy has combined to catapult dementia into the range of one of world's most alarming healthcare problems. Diverse and emerging literature in the area of cognitive prevention/intervention for mild cognitive impairment (MCI)/early stage dementia will be reviewed...
September 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880682/investigating-patterns-of-memory-impairment-in-ischemic-stroke-in-an-iranian-population
#16
Negar Karimian, Karim Asgari, Hamid Taher Neshat Doost, Hamid Reza Oreizi, Mohammad Reza Najafi
Up until the date of this research, studies have examined poststroke cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive functions. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of memory problems in various patterns of memory in ischemic stroke patients in an attempt to determine specific memory profiles of the patients. The goal was to determine the severity and patterns of memory impairments in ischemic stroke patients and to identify specific profiles of memory impairments in stroke patients, in order to help therapists to develop more appropriate memory rehabilitation programs for the patients...
September 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880678/assault-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-expectations-of-injury-outcome-and-the-effect-of-different-perpetrators-a-vignette-study
#17
Karen A Sullivan, Christina Wade
Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). The participants were instructed to imagine that they had been injured as per the depiction, and then to anticipate the injury consequences 6-months later...
September 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850260/use-of-the-rey-15-item-test-as-a-performance-validity-test-in-an-elderly-population
#18
Rachel L Fazio, Allison N Faris, Karim Z Yamout
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Rey 15-Item Test in elderly individuals with and without cognitive impairment and to develop new indices to function with this population, if needed. The sample consisted of 185 individuals referred for outpatient neuropsychological evaluation. All were clinically evaluated and administered the Rey 15-Item Test (RFIT) with recognition as part of this procedure. Significant differences were present between those passing and failing the RFIT on referral question; working status; age; and diagnosis of cognitive impairment...
August 29, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850256/verbal-episodic-memory-profiles-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-hand-a-comparison-with-huntington-s-disease-and-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#19
Katie L Doyle, Steven Paul Woods, Carrie R McDonald, Kelly M Leyden, Heather M Holden, Erin E Morgan, Paul E Gilbert, Jody Corey-Bloom
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) commonly feature verbal episodic memory impairment historically characterized by a retrieval deficit, consistent with a classic "subcortical" presentation; however, there are hints of a subtle shift toward a more "cortical" memory profile characterized by a primary encoding deficit. The current study evaluated this possibility by comparing the pattern of HAND-associated verbal episodic memory deficits to those of traditional "subcortical" (i.e., Huntington's disease; HD) versus "cortical" (i...
August 29, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850254/halstead-reitan-characteristics-of-nonimpact-and-impact-mtbi-litigants-and-insurance-claimants
#20
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson
The purpose of this study was to investigate possible neuropsychological differences in Halstead-Reitan characteristics between motor vehicle accident litigants and insurance claimants that sustained uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and did or did not sustain direct impact to the head (i.e., Impact vs. Nonimpact mTBI), and to compare these clinical groups with a control group that did not suffer mTBI (No mTBI). The Tactile Form Recognition Test (TFR) was the only level of performance test in the Halstead-Reitan Battery (HRB) that generated statistically significant differences...
August 29, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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