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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323445/neuropsychology-in-south-africa
#1
Sharon Truter, Menachem Mazabow, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
This survey forms part of an international research study conducted in 39 countries and is the first to describe the characteristics of individuals engaged in the practice of neuropsychology in South Africa (SA). The purpose was to analyze the characteristics of individuals working in the profession of neuropsychology in order to understand their background, professional training, current work situation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, rehabilitation techniques, teaching responsibilities, and research activities...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323440/does-prior-administration-of-the-rbans-influence-performance-on-subsequent-neuropsychological-testing
#2
Matthew Calamia, Scott Roye, Austin Lemke
The objective of this study was to determine whether administration of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) prior to other neuropsychological testing improves performance on subsequent measures due to practice effects. Participants completed the RBANS and related neuropsychological measures of the same cognitive domain in one of two counterbalanced orders. A MANOVA and follow-up independent t-tests were used to examine whether or not completing one set of measures prior to the other was associated with score differences...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306349/utility-of-critical-items-within-the-recognition-memory-test-and-word-choice-test
#3
Laszlo A Erdodi, Bradley T Tyson, Christopher A Abeare, Brandon G Zuccato, Jaspreet K Rai, Kristian R Seke, Sanya Sagar, Robert M Roth
This study was designed to examine the clinical utility of critical items within the Recognition Memory Test (RMT) and the Word Choice Test (WCT). Archival data were collected from a mixed clinical sample of 202 patients clinically referred for neuropsychological testing (54.5% male; mean age = 45.3 years; mean level of education = 13.9 years). The credibility of a given response set was psychometrically defined using three separate composite measures, each of which was based on multiple independent performance validity indicators...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272901/attentional-impairments-following-right-hemisphere-damage-with-and-without-hemispatial-neglect-a-comparative-study
#4
Cristina Elizabeth Izábal Wong, Laura Damiani Branco, Charles Cotrena, Yves Joanette, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD) with or without hemispatial neglect (HN) on a cancellation task. The study involved 31 control participants and 31 patients with RHD, matched by age, education, and frequency of reading and writing habits. The numbers of omission and random errors as well as the mean time to task completion were compared between adults with and without RHD, as well as between patients with and without HN. The latter made more left-sided omission errors, and more overall omission errors, than patients with RHD and no HN...
March 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#5
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128974/detecting-symptom-exaggeration-in-college-students-seeking-adhd-treatment-performance-validity-assessment-using-the-nv-msvt-and-iva-plus
#6
Monica Leppma, Daniel Long, Megan Smith, Candace Lassiter
The symptoms of ADHD are highly subjective, and there is ample empirical evidence that demonstrates the ease with which impairments in attention can be feigned on many commonly used subjective and objective measures of attention. We examined the combination of two assessment measures, NV-MSVT and IVA+, to screen for performance validity and ADHD symptoms in college students. Results indicated that the NV-MSVT was effective in differentiating between students with potential high impairment, such as ADHD, and possible malingerers...
January 27, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098479/screening-of-visual-perceptual-disorders-following-acquired-brain-injury-a-delphi-study
#7
S M de Vries, J Heutink, B J M Melis-Dankers, A C L Vrijling, F W Cornelissen, O Tucha
Impairments in visual perception are common after acquired brain injury (ABI) and adequate assessment is crucial for diagnosis and rehabilitation. However, there is no consensus yet on how to assess these disorders after ABI. The aim of the present study was to explore what measures are considered reasonable to be part of a test battery for the screening of a broad range of mid-level and higher-order visual perceptual disorders. A Delphi method was used to collect the opinions of 28 international multidisciplinary experts in visual perception in order to achieve consensus on the content of the test battery...
January 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071963/impaired-verbal-learning-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#8
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067549/exploring-visuospatial-abilities-and-their-contribution-to-constructional-abilities-and-nonverbal-intelligence
#9
Luigi Trojano, Mattia Siciliano, Chiara Cristinzio, Dario Grossi
The present study aimed at exploring relationships among the visuospatial tasks included in the Battery for Visuospatial Abilities (BVA), and at assessing the relative contribution of different facets of visuospatial processing on tests tapping constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning. One hundred forty-four healthy subjects with a normal score on Mini Mental State Examination completed the BVA plus Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and Constructional Apraxia test. We used Principal Axis Factoring and Parallel Analysis to investigate relationships among the BVA visuospatial tasks, and performed regression analyses to assess the visuospatial contribution to constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning...
January 9, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067545/the-brave-new-world-of-positive-neuropsychology
#10
EDITORIAL
Patricia Pimental
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145485/psychological-characteristics-in-acute-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-an-mmpi-2-study
#11
Carlton S Gass, David Rogers, Erica Kinne
The psychological characteristics of acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) have received limited research focus, despite empirical evidence of their relevance for subsequent psychological adjustment and early therapeutic intervention. This study addressed a wide range of psychological features in 47 individuals who were hospitalized as a result of acute mild TBI (mTBI). Participants were screened from amongst consecutive TBI admissions for moderate to severe brain injury, and for pre-injury neurological, psychiatric, or substance abuse histories...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096282/parallel-picture-naming-tests-development-and-psychometric-properties-for-farsi-speaking-adults
#12
Behnoosh Tahanzadeh, Zahra Soleymani, Shohre Jalaie
The present study describes the development and validation of two parallel picture-naming tests (PPNTs) as neuropsychological tools for evaluating word retrieval disorders in Farsi-speaking adults with and without aphasia. The development phase used the distributions of psycholinguistic variables (word frequency or age of acquisition) to select test items. Each parallel test consists of 109 line-drawings assigned to concrete nouns that were arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Assessment of content validity indicated that all items were quite or highly relevant and clear...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078179/halstead-reitan-deficit-scores-in-assessment-of-nonimpact-head-injury
#13
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson, Anne M Slade
Comparisons were made between neuropsychological deficit scores generated by the Reitan-Wolfson system of interpretation (1993) and the computerized Revised Comprehensive Norms for an Expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery (Heaton, Miller, Taylor, Grant, & PAR Staff, 2005 ). The scores were obtained from seat-belted litigants and insurance claimants subjected to extreme physical forces in motor vehicle accidents. Subjects had not sustained direct impact to the head but met criteria for mild traumatic brain injury...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078046/comparison-of-neuropsychological-and-balance-performance-validity-testing
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Beth J Lange, Paul Green
Performance validity testing in the context of neuropsychological assessment is well established. While such measures are also available with balance testing, little research has investigated these two domains in concert. The purpose of this study was to compare scores on two measures of performance validity across cognitive and balance modalities. Seventy-eight subjects independently evaluated by a neuropsychologist and an otolaryngologist in the context of disability evaluations were administered the Word Memory Test and Computerized Dynamic Posturography...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077945/everyday-functioning-in-huntington-s-disease-a-laboratory-based-study-of-financial-management-capacity
#15
David P Sheppard, Eva Pirogovsky-Turk, Steven Paul Woods, Heather M Holden, Diane R Nicoll, J Vincent Filoteo, Jody Corey-Bloom, Paul E Gilbert
One important limitation of prior studies examining functional decline in Huntington's disease (HD) has been the reliance on self-reported measures of ability. Since report-based methods can be biased by lack of insight, depression, and cognitive impairment, contrasting self-reported ability with measures that assess capacity may lead to a more comprehensive estimation of real-world functioning. The present study examined self-reported ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (iADLs) and performance-based financial management capacity in 20 patients diagnosed with mild-moderate Huntington's disease (HD) and 20 demographically similar healthy adults...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077790/how-much-does-wais-iv-perceptual-reasoning-decline-across-the-20-to-90-year-lifespan-when-processing-speed-is-controlled
#16
Caroline Scheiber, Hsinyi Chen, Alan S Kaufman, Lawrence G Weiss
The most prominent pattern of cognitive change over the lifespan centers on the difference between patterns of maintained abilities on tests of crystallized knowledge and patterns of steady decline on tests of problem solving and processing speed. Whereas the maintained-vulnerable dichotomy is well established in the literature, questions remain about cognitive decline in problem solving when processing speed is controlled. This relationship has been examined in cross-sectional studies that typically used non-clinical tests with non-representative samples of adults...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077687/symptomscreen-a-tool-for-rapid-assessment-of-symptom-severity-in-ms-across-multiple-domains
#17
R Green, J Kalina, R Ford, K Pandey, I Kister
The objective of this study was to describe SymptoMScreen, an in-house developed tool for rapid assessment of MS symptom severity in routine clinical practice, and to validate SymptoMScreen against Performance Scales (PS). MS patients typically experience symptoms in many neurologic domains. A tool that would enable MS patients to efficiently relay their symptom severity across multiple domains to the healthcare providers could lead to improved symptom management. We developed "SymptoMScreen," a battery of 7-point Likert scales for 12 distinct domains commonly affected by MS: mobility, dexterity, body pain, sensation, bladder function, fatigue, vision, dizziness, cognition, depression, and anxiety...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045631/but-the-scores-don-t-show-how-i-really-function-a-feedback-method-to-reveal-cognitive-distortions-regarding-normal-neuropsychological-test-performance
#18
Dominic A Carone
Neuropsychologists commonly provide feedback to patients with a high degree of cognitive complaints in the context of normal neuropsychological test performance. Patients are sometimes not reassured by this feedback because they blame external factors (e.g., the tests are wrong) and do not develop insight about internal factors (e.g., distorted self-perception) that could lead to better understanding about why high symptom reporting is present in the context of normal test results. This article presents the first formal feedback model for neuropsychologists to use with such patients that helps reveal the presence of cognitive distortions that result in high cognitive complaints...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045585/neuropsychological-assessment-of-hippocampal-integrity
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Michel Saury, Ingrid Emanuelson
Finding methods to describe subcortical processes assisting cognition is an important concern for clinical neuropsychological practice. In this study, we reviewed the literature concerning the relationship between a neuropsychological instrument and the underlying neural substructure. We examined evidence indicating that one of the oldest neuropsychological tests still in use, the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), includes reliable indicators of hippocampal integrity. We reviewed studies investigating the neural structures underlying seven tasks generated by the RAVLT, from the perspective of whether the performance of these tasks is dependent on the hippocampus...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045467/evaluating-the-medical-symptom-validity-test-msvt-in-a-sample-of-veterans-between-the-ages-of-18-to-64
#20
Summar Reslan, Bradley N Axelrod
The purpose of the current study was to compare three potential profiles of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT; Pass, Genuine Memory Impairment Profile [GMIP], and Fail) on other freestanding and embedded performance validity tests (PVTs). Notably, a quantitatively computed version of the GMIP was utilized in this investigation. Data obtained from veterans referred for a neuropsychological evaluation in a metropolitan Veteran Affairs medical center were included (N = 494). Individuals age 65 and older were not included to exclude individuals with dementia from this investigation...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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