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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388233/screening-method-for-assessing-verbal-learning-efficiency-using-the-cognistat
#1
H Edward Fouty, Cassandra R Smith, Karen Y Briceno, Katelyn D Brown, Daniel Guzman, Erica L Ailes, Christopher T DeVries, Christina M Diluccia, Kristy M McLarnan, Stephanie C Betancourt, Whitney L Catoe
The Cognistat is a widely used neurobehavioral screening instrument that addresses functioning across multiple domains. Unlike many popular neuropsychological tests, the Cognistat does not currently assess learning efficiency for verbal material. The purpose of this study was to develop a screening method for assessing verbal learning efficiency with the Cognistat, investigate the effects of two demographic variables (age and gender) on performance, and to establish cutoff scores for impairment. Participants were 253 volunteers between the ages of 18 and 96 years...
April 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368656/associations-of-educational-attainment-and-cognitive-level-of-job-with-old-age-verbal-ability-and-processing-speed-the-mediating-role-of-chronic-diseases
#2
Andreas Ihle, Michel Oris, Delphine Fagot, Christian Chicherio, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Julia Sauter, Matthias Kliegel
We investigated whether the relation of educational attainment and cognitive level of job to performance in verbal ability and processing speed in old age was mediated via the number of chronic diseases. A total of 2,812 older adults participated. Psychometric tests on verbal ability and processing speed were administered. Individuals were interviewed regarding their education, midlife occupation, and chronic diseases in old age. Higher educational attainment and higher cognitive level of job were correlated with better performance in verbal ability and processing speed (...
April 3, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323445/neuropsychology-in-south-africa
#3
Sharon Truter, Menachem Mazabow, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
This survey forms part of an international research study conducted in 39 countries and is the first to describe the characteristics of individuals engaged in the practice of neuropsychology in South Africa (SA). The purpose was to analyze the characteristics of individuals working in the profession of neuropsychology in order to understand their background, professional training, current work situation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, rehabilitation techniques, teaching responsibilities, and research activities...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323440/does-prior-administration-of-the-rbans-influence-performance-on-subsequent-neuropsychological-testing
#4
Matthew Calamia, Scott Roye, Austin Lemke
The objective of this study was to determine whether administration of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) prior to other neuropsychological testing improves performance on subsequent measures due to practice effects. Participants completed the RBANS and related neuropsychological measures of the same cognitive domain in one of two counterbalanced orders. A MANOVA and follow-up independent t-tests were used to examine whether or not completing one set of measures prior to the other was associated with score differences...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306349/utility-of-critical-items-within-the-recognition-memory-test-and-word-choice-test
#5
Laszlo A Erdodi, Bradley T Tyson, Christopher A Abeare, Brandon G Zuccato, Jaspreet K Rai, Kristian R Seke, Sanya Sagar, Robert M Roth
This study was designed to examine the clinical utility of critical items within the Recognition Memory Test (RMT) and the Word Choice Test (WCT). Archival data were collected from a mixed clinical sample of 202 patients clinically referred for neuropsychological testing (54.5% male; mean age = 45.3 years; mean level of education = 13.9 years). The credibility of a given response set was psychometrically defined using three separate composite measures, each of which was based on multiple independent performance validity indicators...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272901/attentional-impairments-following-right-hemisphere-damage-with-and-without-hemispatial-neglect-a-comparative-study
#6
Cristina Elizabeth Izábal Wong, Laura Damiani Branco, Charles Cotrena, Yves Joanette, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD) with or without hemispatial neglect (HN) on a cancellation task. The study involved 31 control participants and 31 patients with RHD, matched by age, education, and frequency of reading and writing habits. The numbers of omission and random errors as well as the mean time to task completion were compared between adults with and without RHD, as well as between patients with and without HN. The latter made more left-sided omission errors, and more overall omission errors, than patients with RHD and no HN...
March 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#7
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128974/detecting-symptom-exaggeration-in-college-students-seeking-adhd-treatment-performance-validity-assessment-using-the-nv-msvt-and-iva-plus
#8
Monica Leppma, Daniel Long, Megan Smith, Candace Lassiter
The symptoms of ADHD are highly subjective, and there is ample empirical evidence that demonstrates the ease with which impairments in attention can be feigned on many commonly used subjective and objective measures of attention. We examined the combination of two assessment measures, NV-MSVT and IVA+, to screen for performance validity and ADHD symptoms in college students. Results indicated that the NV-MSVT was effective in differentiating between students with potential high impairment, such as ADHD, and possible malingerers...
January 27, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362169/preliminary-validation-of-the-portuguese-edinburgh-handedness-inventory-in-an-adult-sample
#9
REVIEW
Helena Espírito-Santo, Catarina Freitas Pires, Inês Queiroz Garcia, Fernanda Daniel, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Rachel L Fazio
The Edinburgh Handedness Inventory (EHI) is persistently the most used inventory to evaluate handedness, being neuropsychological investigation and clinical practice. Despite this, there is no information on how this instrument functions in a Portuguese population. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the sociodemographic influences on handedness and establish psychometric properties of the EHI in a Portuguese sample. The sample consisted of 342 adults (157 men and 185 women), assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712110/cadasil-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report-of-prolonged-misdiagnosis
#10
Dominic A Carone
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy and subcortical ischemic leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is sometimes misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS). MS and CADASIL are not known to co-occur and brain magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) findings can help with differential diagnosis. Despite the availability of this information, a case report is presented of a 61-year-old woman who was misdiagnosed with MS at age 50, tested positive for CADASIL at age 56, described incorrectly as having both conditions simultaneously, and continued on MS disease-modifying medications, resulting in financial and physical hardship...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101354/low-scores-on-bdae-complex-ideational-material-are-associated-with-invalid-performance-in-adults-without-aphasia
#11
Laszlo Erdodi, Robert Roth
Complex Ideational Material (CIM) is a sentence comprehension task designed to detect pathognomonic errors in receptive language. Nevertheless, patients with apparently intact language functioning occasionally score in the impaired range. If these instances reflect poor test taking effort, CIM has potential as a performance validity test (PVT). Indeed, in 68 adults medically referred for neuropsychological assessment, CIM was a reliable marker of psychometrically defined invalid responding. A raw score ≤9 or T-score ≤29 achieved acceptable combinations of sensitivity (...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101084/sensitivity-of-the-wechsler-abbreviated-scale-of-intelligence-second-edition-wasi-ii-to-the-neurocognitive-deficits-associated-with-the-semantic-dementia-variant-of-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-a-case-study
#12
Samuel T Gontkovsky
This case study of a 71-year-old woman illustrates the clinical utility of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-Second Edition (WASI-II) in assessing the neurocognitive sequelae of the semantic dementia variant of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Obtained scores revealed a decline in estimated Full Scale IQ from the patient's expected premorbid level. Consistent with her initial onset of neuropathology in the left temporal lobe, the WASI-II yielded a difference of 53 standard score points between the Perceptual Reasoning and Verbal Comprehension composites, reflecting the patient's intact capabilities in visuospatial perception and construction in conjunction with marked disturbances of language...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089396/effects-of-immediate-recall-trial-on-one-year-delayed-recall-performance-in-rey-complex-figure-test
#13
Hikari Yamashita
This study aimed to examine the effects of the presence or absence of an immediate recall trial on university students' (n = 39) performance on the one-year delayed recall test in the Rey complex figure test (RCFT). Participants were divided into two groups that took either one or two tests, respectively. In the first year, the participants in the two-test condition completed a copy trial and an immediate recall trial, whereas those in the one-test condition underwent the copy trial only. In the second year, all participants completed a delayed recall test...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089037/portuguese-version-of-wechsler-memory-scale-3rd-edition-s-utility-with-demented-elderly-adults
#14
Cátia Gonçalves, Maria S Pinho, Vítor Cruz, Helena Gens, Fátima Oliveira, Joana Pais, José Rente, Isabel Santana, José M Santos
The purpose of this study is to analyze the utility of the Portuguese version of the Wechsler Memory Scale-3rd edition (WMS-III) with demented elderly people, namely its capacity to detect and discriminate between subcortical vascular dementia (SVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed early demented patients (SVD = 16; AD = 36) aged 65 or older who were compared to a control group (n = 40). Both clinical groups were adequately matched in terms of disease severity, overall cognitive functioning, depressive symptomatology, and pre-morbid intelligence...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088449/improving-multitasking-assessment-in-healthy-older-adults-using-a-prop-based-version-of-the-breakfast-task
#15
Maria Kosowicz, Sarah E MacPherson
Computerized cognitive assessment is becoming increasingly more common in clinical neuropsychological assessment and cognitive neuropsychological research. A number of computerized tasks now exist to assess multitasking abilities that are essential for everyday tasks such as cooking, shopping, or driving, but little is known about whether these tasks are appropriate for assessing older adults' multitasking. The present study directly compared age effects on multitasking when assessed using a computerized and a prop-based version of Craik and Bialystok's ( 2006 ) Breakfast task...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088304/effects-of-methylphenidate-on-memory-functions-of-adults-with-adhd
#16
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Lara Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Matthias Weisbrod, Klaus W Lange, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Oliver Tucha
Neuropsychological research on adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) revealed considerable impairments in memory functions related to executive control. However, only limited evidence exists supporting the effects of pharmacological treatment using methylphenidate (MPH) on memory functions. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to explore the impact of MPH on various memory functions of adults with ADHD. Thirty-one adults with ADHD treated with MPH, 36 adults with ADHD not-treated with MPH, and 36 healthy individuals were assessed on several aspects of memory, including short-term memory, working memory, retrospective memory, prospective memory, and source memory...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088230/evolution-of-wechsler-s-memory-scales-content-and-structural-analysis
#17
Phillip L Kent
The Wechsler Memory Scale-1 was introduced to the professional community 70 years ago and has been the most widely used standardized memory battery for over 50 years. Since its introduction, the test has been revised three times, with the last revision occurring in 2009 . Few clinicians are aware that Wechsler developed a prior memory battery in 1917 , which was used to assess retention deficits in persons with Korsakoff psychosis. The purpose of the present article is to describe the development of Wechsler's memory scales from 1917 through 2009 ...
May 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067545/the-brave-new-world-of-positive-neuropsychology
#18
EDITORIAL
Patricia Pimental
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145485/psychological-characteristics-in-acute-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-an-mmpi-2-study
#19
Carlton S Gass, David Rogers, Erica Kinne
The psychological characteristics of acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) have received limited research focus, despite empirical evidence of their relevance for subsequent psychological adjustment and early therapeutic intervention. This study addressed a wide range of psychological features in 47 individuals who were hospitalized as a result of acute mild TBI (mTBI). Participants were screened from amongst consecutive TBI admissions for moderate to severe brain injury, and for pre-injury neurological, psychiatric, or substance abuse histories...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096282/parallel-picture-naming-tests-development-and-psychometric-properties-for-farsi-speaking-adults
#20
Behnoosh Tahanzadeh, Zahra Soleymani, Shohre Jalaie
The present study describes the development and validation of two parallel picture-naming tests (PPNTs) as neuropsychological tools for evaluating word retrieval disorders in Farsi-speaking adults with and without aphasia. The development phase used the distributions of psycholinguistic variables (word frequency or age of acquisition) to select test items. Each parallel test consists of 109 line-drawings assigned to concrete nouns that were arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Assessment of content validity indicated that all items were quite or highly relevant and clear...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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