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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816502/cost-of-malingering-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-cognitive-deficits-during-compensation-and-pension-evaluations-in-the-veterans-benefits-administration
#1
John H Denning, Robert D Shura
Given the high rates of exaggeration in those claiming long-term cognitive deficits as a result of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of malingering in those seeking disability through the Veterans Benefits Administration and estimate the financial burden of disability payments for those receiving compensation despite exaggerated mTBI-related cognitive deficits. Retrospective review included 74 veterans seen for Compensation and Pension evaluations for mTBI. Rates of malingering were based on failure of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT) and/or the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) trial 1 ≤ 40...
August 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805447/performance-on-naturalistic-virtual-reality-tasks-depends-on-global-cognitive-functioning-as-assessed-via-traditional-neurocognitive-tests
#2
Jorge Oliveira, Pedro Gamito, Daniyal M Alghazzawi, Habib M Fardoun, Pedro J Rosa, Tatiana Sousa, Luís Felipe Picareli, Diogo Morais, Paulo Lopes
This investigation sought to understand whether performance in naturalistic virtual reality tasks for cognitive assessment relates to the cognitive domains that are supposed to be measured. The Shoe Closet Test (SCT) was developed based on a simple visual search task involving attention skills, in which participants have to match each pair of shoes with the colors of the compartments in a virtual shoe closet. The interaction within the virtual environment was made using the Microsoft Kinect. The measures consisted of concurrent paper-and-pencil neurocognitive tests for global cognitive functioning, executive functions, attention, psychomotor ability, and the outcomes of the SCT...
August 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742398/construct-validity-of-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-brief-version-upsa-b-in-hiv-disease
#3
David P Sheppard, Steven Paul Woods, Marizela Verduzco
Among individuals living with HIV disease, approximately 60% experience problems with everyday functioning. The present study investigated the utility of the UCSD Performance-based Skills Assessment-Brief Version (UPSA-B) as a measure of functional capacity in HIV. We utilized a cross-sectional three-group design comparing individuals with HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) (HIV + HAND+; n = 27), HIV+ neurocognitively normal individuals (HIV + HAND-; n = 51), and an HIV- comparison group (HIV-; n = 28) with broadly comparable demographics and non-HIV comorbidities...
July 25, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696772/enhanced-detection-of-feigned-cognitive-impairment-using-per-item-response-time-measurements-in-the-word-memory-test
#4
T Lupu, T Elbaum, M Wagner, Y Braw
Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Moreover, RT variability was not assessed in a clinically used PVT. In the current study, we assessed the utility of RT measures for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment in the Word Memory Test (WMT)...
July 11, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665215/neurocognitive-profile-of-hiv-positive-adults-on-combined-antiretroviral-therapy-a-single-centre-study-in-serbia
#5
Brigitta Malagurski, Vojislava Bugarski Ignjatović, Daniela Marić, Željka Nikolašević, Ljiljana Mihić, Snežana Brkić
The advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has prolonged the life expectancy of HIV + individuals and decreased the incidence of HIV-associated dementia. However, milder forms of neurocognitive impairment remain common and are often associated with poor daily functioning and lower medication adherence. This paper presents a research aimed at exploring the cognitive status differences between HIV + subjects (N = 39) on cART therapy and a group of demographically comparable healthy subjects (N = 39) in Serbia...
June 30, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665149/verbal-selective-reminding-test-six-trial-administration-regression-based-norms-for-a-portuguese-version
#6
Mariana Rigueiro Neves, Cláudia Sousa, Ana Margarida Passos, Aristides I Ferreira, Maria José Sá
The Verbal Selective Reminding Test (VSRT) is a widely used measure to evaluate verbal learning and memory associated with different neurological conditions. The goal of this study was to extend the use of the six-version trial of this test to the Portuguese population, through the production of adjusted normative data. The normative sample consists of 309 healthy participants aged between 20 and 70, with an educational level ranging from 4 to 23 years of formal. Gender, education, and age effects were explored...
June 30, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641067/noggle-c-dean-r-macneill-horton-a-jr-eds-2012-the-encyclopedia-of-neuropsychological-disorders
#7
John Dsurney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641020/comparison-of-the-buschke-selective-reminding-test-and-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-in-a-stroke-population
#8
McKenzie E M Campbell, Damian Leitner, Harry B Miller, Maya Libben
There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Both tests were administered, as part of a larger neuropsychological assessment. Analyses were conducted on Z-scores from the List Total, Learning, and Long Delay Free Recall (LDFR) subscales of the two tests...
June 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605257/the-brain-injury-rehabilitation-workbook-edited-by-rachel-winson-barbara-a-wilson-and-andrew-bateman
#9
Christine S Ghilain, Thomas G Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605213/computerized-cognitive-testing-norms-in-active-duty-military-personnel-potential-for-contamination-by-psychologically-unhealthy-individuals
#10
Ian Coffman, Helaine E Resnick, James Drane, Corinna E Lathan
Normative reference data used for clinical interpretation of neuropsychological testing results are only valid to the extent that the sample they are based on is composed of "normal" individuals. Accordingly, efforts are made to exclude individuals with histories and/or diagnoses that might bias test performance. In this report, we focus on these features in active-duty military personnel because published data on computerized neurocognitive testing norms for this population have not explicitly considered the consequences of neurobehavioral disorders (e...
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605212/comparing-the-test-of-practical-judgment-with-the-neuropsychological-assessment-battery-judgment-subtest-in-a-neurodegenerative-disease-clinic-population
#11
January Durant, Jody-Lynn Berg, Sarah Jane Banks, Justin Benjamin Miller
The Test of Practical Judgment (TOP-J) and the Judgment subtest from the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB-JDG) are both brief interview-based measures that assess judgment. This study compared estimates of judgment obtained from these measures in a neurodegenerative disease population. Records from 61 referrals seen for neuropsychological evaluation in a neurodegenerative disorders clinic were reviewed. Measures of interest included the TOP-J and NAB-JDG. Concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) and root mean square differences (RMSD) were calculated between judgment T-scores...
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594578/cognitive-reserve-is-not-associated-with-improved-performance-in-all-cognitive-domains
#12
Louise M Lavrencic, Owen F Churches, Hannah A D Keage
Cognitive reserve beneficially affects cognitive performance, even into advanced age. However, the benefits afforded by high cognitive reserve may not extend to all cognitive domains. This study investigated whether cognitive reserve differentially affects performance on cognitive tasks, in 521 cognitively healthy individuals aged 60 to 98 years (Mage = 68, SD = 6.22, 287 female); years of education was used to index cognitive reserve. Cognitive performance variables assessed attention, executive functions, verbal memory, motor performance, orientation, perception of emotion, processing speed, and working memory...
June 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594577/test-retest-reliability-and-convergent-validity-of-attention-measures
#13
Tatiana Fernández-Marcos, Cristina de la Fuente, José Santacreu
Recently, numerous pretest-posttest study designs have evaluated attention impairments and effectiveness of attention training. However, some of the attention tasks used in these studies show a lack of temporal stability analysis that reduces confidence in attention training outcomes. We aim to analyze the temporal stability within three attention tasks using different measures of attention (speed measures, accuracy measures, and global attention indexes) and the convergent validity between the measures. A total of 178 university students completed three attention tasks with a time interval of one week...
June 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548549/semantic-verbal-fluency-impairment-is-detectable-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#14
Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek, Hana Markova, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Michalec, Miloslav Kopecek, Monika Dokoupilova, Jakub Hort, Martin Vyhnalek
Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. We examined 93 normal controls (NC) and 61 participants with SCD. Each participant was administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548548/neuropsychology-of-space-spatial-functions-of-the-human-brain
#15
Michel Denis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548544/neuropsychological-impairment-in-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Liorah Sabbah-Talasazan, Irene Piryatinsky
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare neurological syndrome characterized by the presence of positive serum antithyroid antibodies, altered mental status, and clinical response to glucocorticoid therapy. Although HE has been documented in the literature from a medical standpoint, reports on the neuropsychological presentation of this syndrome are scarce. This article presents a literature review of cognitive deficits reported in HE cases. In addition, we describe the case of a 76-year-old Russian speaking woman diagnosed with HE in May 2012...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535075/variance-in-caregiver-burden-predicted-by-patient-behaviors-versus-neuropsychological-profile
#17
Camille Branger, Joe Enright, Megan E O'Connell, Debra G Morgan
Informal caregivers provide the majority of care to persons with dementia; efforts to support caregivers' well-being are increasingly important in the context of limited formal healthcare supports. Informal caregiving is commonly associated with caregiver burden and burden may depend upon patient characteristics including neuropsychological profile, dementia severity, and dementia etiology. This study investigated predictors of caregiver burden in a sample of 213 Memory Clinic patients diagnosed with dementia and whose caregivers provided collateral information...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535073/paced-auditory-serial-addition-test-pasat-3-0%C3%A2-s-demographically-corrected-norms-for-the-portuguese-population
#18
Claudia Sofia Sousa, Mariana Rigueiro Neves, Ana Margarida Passos, Aristides Ferreira, Maria José Sá
The main goal of this study was to produce adjusted normative data for the Portuguese population on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT 3.0 s), the version used in the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests developed by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The study included 326 community-dwelling individuals (199 women and 127 men) aged between 20 and 70 (mean = 40.33, SD = 14.40), who had educational backgrounds ranging from 4 to 23 years of schooling (mean = 12...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535071/aphasia-from-the-inside-the-cognitive-world-of-the-aphasic-patient
#19
Alfredo Ardila, Silvia Rubio-Bruno
The purpose of this study was to analyze the question: how do people with aphasia experience the world? Three questions are approached: (1) how is behavior controlled in aphasia, considering that a normal linguistic control is no longer available; (2) what is the pattern of intellectual abilities in aphasia; and (3) what do aphasia patients' self-report regarding the experience of living without language. In aphasia, behavior can no longer be controlled through the "second signal system" and only the first signal system remains...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534643/bicams-in-the-argentine-population-relationship-with-clinical-and-sociodemographic-variables
#20
Sandra Vanotti, A Smerbeck, María B Eizaguirre, Maria L Saladino, Ralph R H Benedict, Fernando J Caceres
The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) was developed to provide valid assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). The relationship between clinical and social variables and cognitive disorders has been extensively studied, but primarily in developed countries with a focus on other cognitive measures or batteries. The objectives of this study were to analyze the relationship between the BICAMS data and key clinical and sociodemographic variables in the Argentine MS population...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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