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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

Dong Dong, Lawrence K F Wong, Zhiwei Luo
By using slide-based task in a laboratory setting, previous studies have found that activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (BA10) is related to prospective memory performance. In this present study, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) technology to measure PM performance in a real-life task in a simulated virtual environment. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used simultaneously to record the rostral prefrontal cortex activities of the subjects. By comparing the data against the ones from the slide-based task, the result suggested that the activation of BA10 in the VR tasks were greater than the one in the slide-based tasks, and the VR tasks have the potential to identify the particular location of BA10 that is connected to the PM performance in our daily lives...
March 16, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Lara Tucha, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Oliver Tucha
This study describes the development and utility of a new self-report measure of attentional capacities of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Different from previous attention scales, attentional capacities are rated for nine everyday situations. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a situation-specific approach which categorizes everyday attention into nine situation scales: Reading, Movie, Activity, Lecture, Conversation, Assignment, Cooking, Cleaning up, and Driving...
March 14, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Douglas M Whiteside, Kristen Caraher, Amanda Hahn-Ketter, Owen Gaasedelen, Michael R Basso
The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables...
March 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Stephen L Aita, Jameson D Beach, Sarah E Taylor, Nicholas C Borgogna, Murphy N Harrell, Benjamin D Hill
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether phonemic and semantic verbal fluency were more related to aspects of language processing than executive functioning (EF). An exploratory factor analysis was performed on a college-aged sample of 320 healthy participants using principle axis factoring and promax rotation on nine measures of EF. The first three factors, labeled: working memory, fluid reasoning, and shifting/updating, were extracted and used as latent executive variables. Participants were also split into low, medium, and high phonemic and semantic verbal fluency ability groups...
March 7, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Rebeca Lauren Emerson, Alberto García-Molina, Jaume López Carballo, Juan García Fernández, Celeste Aparicio-López, Junquera Novo, Rocío Sánchez-Carrión, Antonia Enseñat-Cantallops, Jordi Peña-Casanova
The objective of this study was to examine visual scanning performance in patients with Unilateral Spatial Neglect (USN) in a visual search task. Thirty-one right hemisphere stroke patients with USN were recruited. They performed a dynamic visual search task with two conditions, with and without distractors, while eye movements were monitored with an eye-tracker. The main goal of the task was to select target stimuli that appeared from the top of the screen and moved vertically downward. Target detection and visual scanning percentage were assessed over two hemispaces (right, left) on two conditions (distractor, no distractor)...
February 22, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Megan L Callahan, Daniel Storzbach
The purpose of this study was to examine the unique contribution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on sensory sensitivity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veteran sample. We hypothesized that the effect of PTSD on noise and light sensitivity following mTBI would be largely driven by PTSD-related hyperarousal symptoms. We compared the relationships between PTSD, noise sensitivity, and light sensitivity of 49 OEF/OIF Veterans with mTBI to that of 23 OEF/OIF Veterans without mTBI...
February 21, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Natalia Sierra Sanjurjo, Antonella Belén Saraniti, Ezequiel Gleichgerrcht, María Roca, Facundo Manes, Teresa Torralva
Level of education is known to confound neuropsychological test performance. The INECO Frontal Screening (IFS) is an easy-to-use and brief measure of several domains of executive function, which has previously shown reliably clinical usefulness and superior psychometric performance when compared to other frontal screening instruments. However, previous studies with the IFS have been limited to participants with high levels of education, preventing its generalizability to populations with less than 12 years of formal education...
February 12, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
José Fonseca, Ana Raposo, Isabel Pavão Martins
There is a minimal amount of knowledge regarding the cognitive abilities of people with aphasia. We evaluated the performance of individuals with chronic aphasia (AP) and control participants without aphasia (CP) with left hemisphere stroke in a battery of nonverbal cognitive tests and its relationship with aphasia severity, comprehension abilities, and speech fluency in a prospective cross-sectional study. Cognitive evaluation comprised 10 nonverbal tests. Scores were converted to age and education adjusted standard scores...
February 12, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Jan A Fricke, Stefanie M de Vries, Lara Tucha, Oliver Tucha
Within the clinical evaluation of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cognitive functions are often assessed to characterize individual cognitive problems and guide treatment planning. However, the composition of an adequate neuropsychological assessment battery remains difficult given the large number of cognitive functions that can be distinguished, the variety of available tools to assess these functions, as well as the cognitive heterogeneity that has been observed between individuals with ADHD...
February 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Colin G DeYoung, Rachael G Grazioplene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Michele Torrisi, Rosaria De Luca, Patrizia Pollicino, Simona Leonardi, Silvia Marino, Giuseppa Maresca, Maria Grazia Maggio, Adriana Piccolo, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. We will describe two patients showing delusion symptoms (Cotard-like and erotomanic ones) that occurred after a stroke involving the right temporal lobe, the basal ganglia and insular region, persisting for a long period after the stroke onset...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Natalia Rojas, Maude Laguë-Beauvais, Arielle Belisle, Julie Lamoureux, Ghusn AlSideiri, Judith Marcoux, Mohammed Maleki, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Sonia Anchouche, Hanan Alquraini, Mitra Feyz, Elaine de Guise
The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) has been shown to be useful in several clinical settings. The aim of the present study was to examine the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the FAB and to predict their acute outcome. The FAB was administered to 89 patients with mild (27 = uncomplicated and 39 = complicated) and moderate (n = 23) TBI during hospitalization in an acute care setting. The length of stay in days (LOS), Glasgow Outcome Scale-Revised score (GOSE) and Disability Rating Scale (DRS) score were collected...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Megan E O'Connell, Benjamin Gould, Jake Ursenbach, Joe Enright, Debra G Morgan
We compare reliable change scores and recently published anchor-based cutoffs for minimum clinically important difference (MCID) for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in a sample of patients diagnosed with various forms of dementia. For memory clinic patients with dementia evaluated twice over a one-year interval (N = 53), observed retest RBANS index scores were compared with predicted retest index scores based on regression formulae developed from cognitively healthy older adults...
January 10, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Jennifer Bennett, Steven P Verney
Research has demonstrated that bilingualism impacts neuropsychological performance, but the findings on its effects on verbal fluency have been mixed. This study compared the verbal fluency performance of non-Hispanic White monolingual speakers with a Hispanic bilingual population. Ninety-nine Spanish-English bilingual Hispanic and thirty English-speaking monolingual non-Hispanic White undergraduates completed the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT). Students also completed a general cognitive and English reading measure...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Justina F Avila, Steven P Verney, Kaitlyn Kauzor, Amina Flowers, Maryam Mehradfar, Jill Razani
As the Farsi-speaking Iranian population continues to grow in the United States, examination of their cognitive performance is an imperative first step to providing this group with culturally competent services. Thirty-six healthy primarily Farsi-speaking Iranian adults completed Farsi-translated and adapted versions of three frequently used measures of executive/subcortical functioning: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT), and Color Trails Test (CTT). Participants' performance on each measure was compared to published normative data resulting in 0-85% of cognitively and medically healthy individuals being classified as impaired depending on the executive/subcortical test score examined, with the highest impairment rates for specific WCST outcome scores...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Chantel D Mayo, Vanessa Scarapicchia, Lara K Robinson, Jodie R Gawryluk
Numerous ethical challenges may arise over the course of neuropsychological assessment. This paper highlights the ethical considerations associated with neuropsychological assessment of individuals with traumatic brain injury. Issues regarding professional competency, providing and obtaining informed consent, neuropsychological test selection and administration, effectively communicating assessment results, and working as part of a multidisciplinary team are discussed with practical recommendations. Ultimately, a comprehensive understanding of these issues as well as an integration of resources to guide clinical practice will contribute to ethical decision-making and strong professional practice...
January 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Jason R Soble, Kathleen M Bain, K Chase Bailey, Joshua W Kirton, Janice C Marceaux, Edan A Critchfield, Karin J M McCoy, Justin J F O'Rourke
Embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) allow for continuous assessment of invalid performance throughout neuropsychological test batteries. This study evaluated the utility of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV) Logical Memory (LM) Recognition score as an embedded PVT using the Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Effort System. This mixed clinical sample was comprised of 97 total participants, 71 of whom were classified as valid and 26 as invalid based on three well-validated, freestanding criterion PVTs...
January 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
John P K Bernstein, Matthew Calamia, Joshua Pratt, Shelly Mullenix
The C3Logix is a computerized concussion assessment tool that measures a wider array of symptoms (i.e., balance and oculomotor functioning) than other computerized batteries. Although the C3Logix has been used increasingly by athletic organizations at all levels of play, its utility within the concussion population has not been extensively examined. The current study aimed to determine whether the C3Logix is sensitive to the effects of concussion. A total of 54 student-athletes enrolled at a large southern university completed the C3Logix at baseline and within days following a suspected concussion (mean = 2...
January 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Megan L Callahan, Laurence M Binder, Maya E O'Neil, Belle Zaccari, Mai S Roost, Shahrokh Golshan, Marilyn Huckans, Jesse R Fann, Daniel Storzbach
To examine factors associated with noise and light sensitivity among returning Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with a self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) due to blast exposure, we compared the self-report of noise and light sensitivity of 42 OEF/OIF Veterans diagnosed with mTBI resulting from combat blast-exposure to that of 36 blast-exposed OEF/OIF Veterans without a history of mTBI. Results suggest a statistically significant difference between Veterans with and without a history of mTBI in the experience of noise and light sensitivity, with sensory symptoms reported most frequently in the mTBI group...
March 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Parunyou Julayanont, Doungporn Ruthirago
The lifetime learning of illiterate and low-educated individuals shapes their cognitive skills, which are challenging to grade by the current available neuropsychological tools. Eight hundred million of the global population are illiterate. It is very challenging to interpret the cognitive performance of this population by the available formal neuropsychological tests, mainly developed for higher educated people. From extensive literature investigation, we reviewed the cognitive process and performance of illiterate and low-educated population on various cognitive domains including language, executive function, memory, visual-related function, and motor skills...
March 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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