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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641067/noggle-c-dean-r-macneill-horton-a-jr-eds-2012-the-encyclopedia-of-neuropsychological-disorders
#1
John Dsurney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641020/comparison-of-the-buschke-selective-reminding-test-and-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-in-a-stroke-population
#2
McKenzie E M Campbell, Damian Leitner, Harry B Miller, Maya Libben
There are many tests of learning and memory; however, not all yield analogous results and thus are not interchangeable. This study examined the relationship between the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) in a stroke population. Data from stroke inpatients (N = 102) referred for rehabilitation were collected from medical records. Both tests were administered, as part of a larger neuropsychological assessment. Analyses were conducted on Z-scores from the List Total, Learning, and Long Delay Free Recall (LDFR) subscales of the two tests...
June 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605257/the-brain-injury-rehabilitation-workbook-edited-by-rachel-winson-barbara-a-wilson-and-andrew-bateman
#3
Christine S Ghilain, Thomas G Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605213/computerized-cognitive-testing-norms-in-active-duty-military-personnel-potential-for-contamination-by-psychologically-unhealthy-individuals
#4
Ian Coffman, Helaine E Resnick, James Drane, Corinna E Lathan
Normative reference data used for clinical interpretation of neuropsychological testing results are only valid to the extent that the sample they are based on is composed of "normal" individuals. Accordingly, efforts are made to exclude individuals with histories and/or diagnoses that might bias test performance. In this report, we focus on these features in active-duty military personnel because published data on computerized neurocognitive testing norms for this population have not explicitly considered the consequences of neurobehavioral disorders (e...
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605212/comparing-the-test-of-practical-judgment-with-the-neuropsychological-assessment-battery-judgment-subtest-in-a-neurodegenerative-disease-clinic-population
#5
January Durant, Jody-Lynn Berg, Sarah Jane Banks, Justin Benjamin Miller
The Test of Practical Judgment (TOP-J) and the Judgment subtest from the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB-JDG) are both brief interview-based measures that assess judgment. This study compared estimates of judgment obtained from these measures in a neurodegenerative disease population. Records from 61 referrals seen for neuropsychological evaluation in a neurodegenerative disorders clinic were reviewed. Measures of interest included the TOP-J and NAB-JDG. Concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) and root mean square differences (RMSD) were calculated between judgment T-scores...
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594578/cognitive-reserve-is-not-associated-with-improved-performance-in-all-cognitive-domains
#6
Louise M Lavrencic, Owen F Churches, Hannah A D Keage
Cognitive reserve beneficially affects cognitive performance, even into advanced age. However, the benefits afforded by high cognitive reserve may not extend to all cognitive domains. This study investigated whether cognitive reserve differentially affects performance on cognitive tasks, in 521 cognitively healthy individuals aged 60 to 98 years (Mage = 68, SD = 6.22, 287 female); years of education was used to index cognitive reserve. Cognitive performance variables assessed attention, executive functions, verbal memory, motor performance, orientation, perception of emotion, processing speed, and working memory...
June 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594577/test-retest-reliability-and-convergent-validity-of-attention-measures
#7
Tatiana Fernández-Marcos, Cristina de la Fuente, José Santacreu
Recently, numerous pretest-posttest study designs have evaluated attention impairments and effectiveness of attention training. However, some of the attention tasks used in these studies show a lack of temporal stability analysis that reduces confidence in attention training outcomes. We aim to analyze the temporal stability within three attention tasks using different measures of attention (speed measures, accuracy measures, and global attention indexes) and the convergent validity between the measures. A total of 178 university students completed three attention tasks with a time interval of one week...
June 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548549/semantic-verbal-fluency-impairment-is-detectable-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#8
Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek, Hana Markova, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Michalec, Miloslav Kopecek, Monika Dokoupilova, Jakub Hort, Martin Vyhnalek
Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. We examined 93 normal controls (NC) and 61 participants with SCD. Each participant was administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548548/neuropsychology-of-space-spatial-functions-of-the-human-brain
#9
Michel Denis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548544/neuropsychological-impairment-in-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Liorah Sabbah-Talasazan, Irene Piryatinsky
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare neurological syndrome characterized by the presence of positive serum antithyroid antibodies, altered mental status, and clinical response to glucocorticoid therapy. Although HE has been documented in the literature from a medical standpoint, reports on the neuropsychological presentation of this syndrome are scarce. This article presents a literature review of cognitive deficits reported in HE cases. In addition, we describe the case of a 76-year-old Russian speaking woman diagnosed with HE in May 2012...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535075/variance-in-caregiver-burden-predicted-by-patient-behaviors-versus-neuropsychological-profile
#11
Camille Branger, Joe Enright, Megan E O'Connell, Debra G Morgan
Informal caregivers provide the majority of care to persons with dementia; efforts to support caregivers' well-being are increasingly important in the context of limited formal healthcare supports. Informal caregiving is commonly associated with caregiver burden and burden may depend upon patient characteristics including neuropsychological profile, dementia severity, and dementia etiology. This study investigated predictors of caregiver burden in a sample of 213 Memory Clinic patients diagnosed with dementia and whose caregivers provided collateral information...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535073/paced-auditory-serial-addition-test-pasat-3-0%C3%A2-s-demographically-corrected-norms-for-the-portuguese-population
#12
Claudia Sofia Sousa, Mariana Rigueiro Neves, Ana Margarida Passos, Aristides Ferreira, Maria José Sá
The main goal of this study was to produce adjusted normative data for the Portuguese population on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT 3.0 s), the version used in the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests developed by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The study included 326 community-dwelling individuals (199 women and 127 men) aged between 20 and 70 (mean = 40.33, SD = 14.40), who had educational backgrounds ranging from 4 to 23 years of schooling (mean = 12...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535071/aphasia-from-the-inside-the-cognitive-world-of-the-aphasic-patient
#13
Alfredo Ardila, Silvia Rubio-Bruno
The purpose of this study was to analyze the question: how do people with aphasia experience the world? Three questions are approached: (1) how is behavior controlled in aphasia, considering that a normal linguistic control is no longer available; (2) what is the pattern of intellectual abilities in aphasia; and (3) what do aphasia patients' self-report regarding the experience of living without language. In aphasia, behavior can no longer be controlled through the "second signal system" and only the first signal system remains...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534643/bicams-in-the-argentine-population-relationship-with-clinical-and-sociodemographic-variables
#14
Sandra Vanotti, A Smerbeck, María B Eizaguirre, Maria L Saladino, Ralph R H Benedict, Fernando J Caceres
The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) was developed to provide valid assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). The relationship between clinical and social variables and cognitive disorders has been extensively studied, but primarily in developed countries with a focus on other cognitive measures or batteries. The objectives of this study were to analyze the relationship between the BICAMS data and key clinical and sociodemographic variables in the Argentine MS population...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489419/when-is-a-novel-psychometric-measure-needed-a-preliminary-analysis-regarding-the-cognitive-assessment-for-stroke-patients-casp-battery-compared-with-mmse-and-moca
#15
Davide Crivelli, Maria Teresa Angelillo, Elisabetta Grippa, Antonia Colucci, Roberto Nardulli, Michela Balconi
The need for quick tools to sketch an early but accurate cognitive profile of patients who suffered brain damage or head trauma is of primary importance. Nonetheless, in the Italian context, the most-diffused screening tools are still those originally devised to diagnose dementia. The present pilot study then aimed at investigating the potential and feasibility of a novel screening battery, the Cognitive Assessment for Stroke Patients (CASP), in a sample of Italian patients by comparing it to Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) tests...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489416/concordance-validity-of-pvts-in-a-sample-of-veterans-referred-for-mild-tbi
#16
Adam Zimmer, Daniel Heyanka, Zoe Proctor-Weber
Concordance validity of commonly used performance validity tests (PVTs) was assessed in a sample of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) veterans referred to an mTBI screening clinic in a south-eastern Veterans Affairs hospital. Veteran service members (total n = 184) completed the Rey-15, Repeatable Battery of the Assessment for Neuropsychological Status Effort Index (RBANS EI), and Reliable Digit Span (RDS) from the Wechsler Intelligence Scales. Kappa coefficients and percentage of agreement were established to determine the level of concordance between the three measures...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489413/two-year-outcomes-of-poststroke-writing-and-reading-disorders
#17
Sanela Zukic, Osman Sinanovic, Lejla Zonic
Poststroke language disorders are frequent and include aphasia, alexia, agraphia, and acalculia. These disorders refer to an acquired inability to read, write and calculate. In this study, we evaluated the two year outcomes of writing and reading disorders in poststroke patients, the natural course, recovery and mortality. We evaluated all the patients with stroke who were admitted to the Department of Neurology, University Clinical Centre Tuzla in period of six months, who developed poststroke alexia, agraphia, acalculia, or different combinations of these language disorders...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481122/self-reported-executive-functioning-competencies-and-lifetime-aggression
#18
Alan R King, Cody M Breen, Tiffany D Russell, Brady P Nerpel, Colton R Pogalz
Neuropsychological research can be advanced through a better understanding of relationships between executive functioning (EF) behavioral competencies and the expression of aggressive behavior. While performance-based EF measures have been widely examined, links between self-report indices and practical real-life outcomes have not yet been established. Executive Functioning Index subscale scores in this sample (N = 579) were linked to trait hostility (Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire), aggression in the natural environment (Lifetime Acts of Violence Assessment), and conduct disorder symptoms prior to age 15...
May 8, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467112/decline-in-executive-functions-and-speed-in-suspected-low-grade-gliomas-a-3-year-follow-up-of-a-clinical-cohort
#19
Lena Ek, Maria Kristoffersen Wiberg, Susanna Vestberg
Changes over time in information processing speed and executive functions (EFs) were studied in patients with suspected low-grade gliomas (LGG) 3 years after diagnosis. Using a person-oriented approach, the study aimed at focusing solely on two cognitive domains known to be significant in the understanding of the impact of white matter diseases. The Barkley's hybrid model of EFs was used as a theoretical framework for the evaluation of EFs. The majority of the patients showed a decline in at least one of these two cognitive domains indicating that the progress of diffuse brain injury cannot be neglected in understanding neuropsychological changes over time in patients with LGG...
May 3, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448160/validation-of-anam-for-cognitive-screening-in-a-mixed-clinical-sample
#20
Andrea S Vincent, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, L Eugenia Cox-Fuenzalida, Cady Block, James G Scott, Robert Kane
The Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) is a library of computer based tests designed to measure cognitive function at a single time-point or longitudinally for detection of cognitive change. This study sought to validate ANAM as a cognitive screening tool for presence of confirmed neuropsychological diagnosis in an outpatient setting. Retrospective data analysis was conducted for 139 patients referred for outpatient neuropsychological assessment. Clinical diagnosis was made independent of ANAM test results and resulted in a diagnostic mix of both neurologic and psychologic etiologies...
April 27, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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