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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Monica Leppma, Daniel Long, Megan Smith, Candace Lassiter
The symptoms of ADHD are highly subjective, and there is ample empirical evidence that demonstrates the ease with which impairments in attention can be feigned on many commonly used subjective and objective measures of attention. We examined the combination of two assessment measures, NV-MSVT and IVA+, to screen for performance validity and ADHD symptoms in college students. Results indicated that the NV-MSVT was effective in differentiating between students with potential high impairment, such as ADHD, and possible malingerers...
January 27, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
S M de Vries, J Heutink, B J M Melis-Dankers, A C L Vrijling, F W Cornelissen, O Tucha
Impairments in visual perception are common after acquired brain injury (ABI) and adequate assessment is crucial for diagnosis and rehabilitation. However, there is no consensus yet on how to assess these disorders after ABI. The aim of the present study was to explore what measures are considered reasonable to be part of a test battery for the screening of a broad range of mid-level and higher-order visual perceptual disorders. A Delphi method was used to collect the opinions of 28 international multidisciplinary experts in visual perception in order to achieve consensus on the content of the test battery...
January 18, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Luigi Trojano, Mattia Siciliano, Chiara Cristinzio, Dario Grossi
The present study aimed at exploring relationships among the visuospatial tasks included in the Battery for Visuospatial Abilities (BVA), and at assessing the relative contribution of different facets of visuospatial processing on tests tapping constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning. One hundred forty-four healthy subjects with a normal score on Mini Mental State Examination completed the BVA plus Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and Constructional Apraxia test. We used Principal Axis Factoring and Parallel Analysis to investigate relationships among the BVA visuospatial tasks, and performed regression analyses to assess the visuospatial contribution to constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning...
January 9, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Anna Soveri, Minna Lehtonen, Linda C Karlsson, Karolina Lukasik, Jan Antfolk, Matti Laine
Executive tasks are important instruments for neuropsychological and cognitive research, but only a limited number of studies have investigated the test-retest reliability of these tasks. Such information is needed for optimizing task usage, for example, in longitudinal and intervention studies. In this study with healthy adults, we investigated the temporal stability of five executive tasks: the Simon task, a visuoverbal N-back task, a visuospatial N-back task, a running memory task, and the Number-letter task...
December 21, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Ricki L Ladowsky-Brooks
The current research explored the potential value of adding a supplementary measure of metamemory to the Information subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Third Edition (WAIS-III in Study 1) or Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV in Study 2) in order to assess its relationship to other neuropsychological measures and to brain injury. After completing the Information subtest, neuropsychological examinees were asked to make retrospective confidence judgements (RCJ) by rating their answer certainty in the original order of item administration...
December 12, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Megan L Callahan, Laurence M Binder, Maya E O'Neil, Belle Zaccari, Mai S Roost, Shahrokh Golshan, Marilyn Huckans, Jesse R Fann, Daniel Storzbach
To examine factors associated with noise and light sensitivity among returning Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with a self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) due to blast exposure, we compared the self-report of noise and light sensitivity of 42 OEF/OIF Veterans diagnosed with mTBI resulting from combat blast-exposure to that of 36 blast-exposed OEF/OIF Veterans without a history of mTBI. Results suggest a statistically significant difference between Veterans with and without a history of mTBI in the experience of noise and light sensitivity, with sensory symptoms reported most frequently in the mTBI group...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
F R Ferraro, R Hansen, L Deling
This study examined the ability of the Executive Function Index (EFI) to detect differences in executive functioning amongst participants with varying levels of subclinical autistic symptoms as quantified by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (ASQ). Participants were a nonclinical college subject sample classified as displaying either Low (0-15 ASQ score, n = 182) ASQ traits or High (16 or higher ASQ score, n = 91) ASQ traits. Participants were given the ASQ (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) and the EFI (Spinella, 2005 )...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Patricia Pimental
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Carlton S Gass, David Rogers, Erica Kinne
The psychological characteristics of acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) have received limited research focus, despite empirical evidence of their relevance for subsequent psychological adjustment and early therapeutic intervention. This study addressed a wide range of psychological features in 47 individuals who were hospitalized as a result of acute mild TBI (mTBI). Participants were screened from amongst consecutive TBI admissions for moderate to severe brain injury, and for pre-injury neurological, psychiatric, or substance abuse histories...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Behnoosh Tahanzadeh, Zahra Soleymani, Shohre Jalaie
The present study describes the development and validation of two parallel picture-naming tests (PPNTs) as neuropsychological tools for evaluating word retrieval disorders in Farsi-speaking adults with and without aphasia. The development phase used the distributions of psycholinguistic variables (word frequency or age of acquisition) to select test items. Each parallel test consists of 109 line-drawings assigned to concrete nouns that were arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Assessment of content validity indicated that all items were quite or highly relevant and clear...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson, Anne M Slade
Comparisons were made between neuropsychological deficit scores generated by the Reitan-Wolfson system of interpretation (1993) and the computerized Revised Comprehensive Norms for an Expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery (Heaton, Miller, Taylor, Grant, & PAR Staff, 2005 ). The scores were obtained from seat-belted litigants and insurance claimants subjected to extreme physical forces in motor vehicle accidents. Subjects had not sustained direct impact to the head but met criteria for mild traumatic brain injury...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Beth J Lange, Paul Green
Performance validity testing in the context of neuropsychological assessment is well established. While such measures are also available with balance testing, little research has investigated these two domains in concert. The purpose of this study was to compare scores on two measures of performance validity across cognitive and balance modalities. Seventy-eight subjects independently evaluated by a neuropsychologist and an otolaryngologist in the context of disability evaluations were administered the Word Memory Test and Computerized Dynamic Posturography...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
David P Sheppard, Eva Pirogovsky-Turk, Steven Paul Woods, Heather M Holden, Diane R Nicoll, J Vincent Filoteo, Jody Corey-Bloom, Paul E Gilbert
One important limitation of prior studies examining functional decline in Huntington's disease (HD) has been the reliance on self-reported measures of ability. Since report-based methods can be biased by lack of insight, depression, and cognitive impairment, contrasting self-reported ability with measures that assess capacity may lead to a more comprehensive estimation of real-world functioning. The present study examined self-reported ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (iADLs) and performance-based financial management capacity in 20 patients diagnosed with mild-moderate Huntington's disease (HD) and 20 demographically similar healthy adults...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Caroline Scheiber, Hsinyi Chen, Alan S Kaufman, Lawrence G Weiss
The most prominent pattern of cognitive change over the lifespan centers on the difference between patterns of maintained abilities on tests of crystallized knowledge and patterns of steady decline on tests of problem solving and processing speed. Whereas the maintained-vulnerable dichotomy is well established in the literature, questions remain about cognitive decline in problem solving when processing speed is controlled. This relationship has been examined in cross-sectional studies that typically used non-clinical tests with non-representative samples of adults...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
R Green, J Kalina, R Ford, K Pandey, I Kister
The objective of this study was to describe SymptoMScreen, an in-house developed tool for rapid assessment of MS symptom severity in routine clinical practice, and to validate SymptoMScreen against Performance Scales (PS). MS patients typically experience symptoms in many neurologic domains. A tool that would enable MS patients to efficiently relay their symptom severity across multiple domains to the healthcare providers could lead to improved symptom management. We developed "SymptoMScreen," a battery of 7-point Likert scales for 12 distinct domains commonly affected by MS: mobility, dexterity, body pain, sensation, bladder function, fatigue, vision, dizziness, cognition, depression, and anxiety...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Dominic A Carone
Neuropsychologists commonly provide feedback to patients with a high degree of cognitive complaints in the context of normal neuropsychological test performance. Patients are sometimes not reassured by this feedback because they blame external factors (e.g., the tests are wrong) and do not develop insight about internal factors (e.g., distorted self-perception) that could lead to better understanding about why high symptom reporting is present in the context of normal test results. This article presents the first formal feedback model for neuropsychologists to use with such patients that helps reveal the presence of cognitive distortions that result in high cognitive complaints...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Jean-Michel Saury, Ingrid Emanuelson
Finding methods to describe subcortical processes assisting cognition is an important concern for clinical neuropsychological practice. In this study, we reviewed the literature concerning the relationship between a neuropsychological instrument and the underlying neural substructure. We examined evidence indicating that one of the oldest neuropsychological tests still in use, the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), includes reliable indicators of hippocampal integrity. We reviewed studies investigating the neural structures underlying seven tasks generated by the RAVLT, from the perspective of whether the performance of these tasks is dependent on the hippocampus...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Summar Reslan, Bradley N Axelrod
The purpose of the current study was to compare three potential profiles of the Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT; Pass, Genuine Memory Impairment Profile [GMIP], and Fail) on other freestanding and embedded performance validity tests (PVTs). Notably, a quantitatively computed version of the GMIP was utilized in this investigation. Data obtained from veterans referred for a neuropsychological evaluation in a metropolitan Veteran Affairs medical center were included (N = 494). Individuals age 65 and older were not included to exclude individuals with dementia from this investigation...
March 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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