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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071963/impaired-verbal-learning-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#1
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067549/exploring-visuospatial-abilities-and-their-contribution-to-constructional-abilities-and-nonverbal-intelligence
#2
Luigi Trojano, Mattia Siciliano, Chiara Cristinzio, Dario Grossi
The present study aimed at exploring relationships among the visuospatial tasks included in the Battery for Visuospatial Abilities (BVA), and at assessing the relative contribution of different facets of visuospatial processing on tests tapping constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning. One hundred forty-four healthy subjects with a normal score on Mini Mental State Examination completed the BVA plus Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and Constructional Apraxia test. We used Principal Axis Factoring and Parallel Analysis to investigate relationships among the BVA visuospatial tasks, and performed regression analyses to assess the visuospatial contribution to constructional abilities and nonverbal abstract reasoning...
January 9, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067545/the-brave-new-world-of-positive-neuropsychology
#3
Patricia Pimental
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001452/test-retest-reliability-of-five-frequently-used-executive-tasks-in-healthy-adults
#4
Anna Soveri, Minna Lehtonen, Linda C Karlsson, Karolina Lukasik, Jan Antfolk, Matti Laine
Executive tasks are important instruments for neuropsychological and cognitive research, but only a limited number of studies have investigated the test-retest reliability of these tasks. Such information is needed for optimizing task usage, for example, in longitudinal and intervention studies. In this study with healthy adults, we investigated the temporal stability of five executive tasks: the Simon task, a visuoverbal N-back task, a visuospatial N-back task, a running memory task, and the Number-letter task...
December 21, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936927/evaluating-semantic-metamemory-retrospective-confidence-judgements-on-the-information-subtest
#5
Ricki L Ladowsky-Brooks
The current research explored the potential value of adding a supplementary measure of metamemory to the Information subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Third Edition (WAIS-III in Study 1) or Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV in Study 2) in order to assess its relationship to other neuropsychological measures and to brain injury. After completing the Information subtest, neuropsychological examinees were asked to make retrospective confidence judgements (RCJ) by rating their answer certainty in the original order of item administration...
December 12, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929660/sensory-sensitivity-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-with-and-without-blast-exposure-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Megan L Callahan, Laurence M Binder, Maya E O'Neil, Belle Zaccari, Mai S Roost, Shahrokh Golshan, Marilyn Huckans, Jesse R Fann, Daniel Storzbach
To examine factors associated with noise and light sensitivity among returning Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with a self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) due to blast exposure, we compared the self-report of noise and light sensitivity of 42 OEF/OIF Veterans diagnosed with mTBI resulting from combat blast-exposure to that of 36 blast-exposed OEF/OIF Veterans without a history of mTBI. Results suggest a statistically significant difference between Veterans with and without a history of mTBI in the experience of noise and light sensitivity, with sensory symptoms reported most frequently in the mTBI group...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929658/executive-function-index-efi-performance-in-nonclinical-individuals-with-high-levels-of-autistic-traits
#7
F R Ferraro, R Hansen, L Deling
This study examined the ability of the Executive Function Index (EFI) to detect differences in executive functioning amongst participants with varying levels of subclinical autistic symptoms as quantified by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (ASQ). Participants were a nonclinical college subject sample classified as displaying either Low (0-15 ASQ score, n = 182) ASQ traits or High (16 or higher ASQ score, n = 91) ASQ traits. Participants were given the ASQ (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) and the EFI (Spinella, 2005 )...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854143/assessment-of-acute-head-injury-in-an-emergency-department-population-using-sport-concussion-assessment-tool-3rd-edition
#8
Abdullah Bin Zahid, Molly E Hubbard, Vikalpa M Dammavalam, David Y Balser, Gritz Pierre, Amie Kim, Radek Kolecki, Talha Mehmood, Stephen P Wall, Spiros G Frangos, Paul P Huang, David E Tupper, William Barr, Uzma Samadani
Sport Concussion Assessment Tool version 3 (SCAT-3) is one of the most widely researched concussion assessment tools in athletes. Here normative data for SCAT3 in nonathletes are presented. The SCAT3 was administered to 98 nonathlete healthy controls, as well as 118 participants with head-injury and 46 participants with other body trauma (OI) presenting to the ED. Reference values were derived and classifier functions were built to assess the accuracy of SCAT3. The control population had a mean of 2.30 (SD = 3...
November 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841690/the-illiterate-brain-and-the-neuropsychological-assessment-from-the-past-knowledge-to-the-future-new-instruments
#9
Parunyou Julayanont, Doungporn Ruthirago
The lifetime learning of illiterate and low-educated individuals shapes their cognitive skills, which are challenging to grade by the current available neuropsychological tools. Eight hundred million of the global population are illiterate. It is very challenging to interpret the cognitive performance of this population by the available formal neuropsychological tests, mainly developed for higher educated people. From extensive literature investigation, we reviewed the cognitive process and performance of illiterate and low-educated population on various cognitive domains including language, executive function, memory, visual-related function, and motor skills...
November 14, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841663/problems-screening-for-hand-among-the-educationally-disadvantaged
#10
Mandi W Musso, Seandra J Cosgrove, MacKenzie R Peltier, Brian L McGee, Glenn N Jones
Neurocognitive screeners are used to detect symptoms of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND). However, the degree to which education and socioeconomic status affect these screeners remains unclear. Neurocognitive screeners were administered to 187 socioeconomically disadvantaged HIV+ individuals upon entering treatment who had no other risk factors for HAND. The false positive rates were: 84% for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, 59% for the International HIV Dementia Scale, and 28.3% for the Modified HIV Dementia Scale...
November 14, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827539/exploratory-analysis-of-cvlt-ii-forced-choice-recognition-and-rbans-ei-base-rates-for-forensically-committed-psychotic-disordered-inpatients-implications-on-clinical-decision-making
#11
Stacey M Bayan, Steve Nitch, Dominique Kinney, Marina Kaminetskaya
Within the inpatient forensic setting, requests for a neuropsychological evaluation are common to determine cognitive strengths and weaknesses. However, variable effort proves to be a prominent issue in this setting. Thus, assessment of effort becomes an essential component of a neuropsychological evaluation. The California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition (CVLT-II) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) are widely utilized cognitive measures in the inpatient setting...
November 9, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805429/effects-of-handcuffs-on-neuropsychological-testing-implications-for-criminal-forensic-evaluations
#12
Christine M Biddle, Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Robert L Denney
Neuropsychological evaluations are increasingly performed in forensic contexts, including in criminal settings where security sometimes cannot be compromised to facilitate evaluation according to standardized procedures. Interpretation of nonstandardized assessment results poses significant challenges for the neuropsychologist. Research is limited in regard to the validation of neuropsychological test accommodation and modification practices that deviate from standard test administration; there is no published research regarding the effects of hand restraints upon neuropsychological evaluation results...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805425/cognitive-map-recall-test-a-new-specific-test-to-assess-topographical-disorientation
#13
Virginie Descloux, Roland Maurer
Topographical disorientation, the inability to orient in a well-known environment, is a very incapacitating syndrome. Despite its relatively high frequency after a right cerebral lesion, there is currently no specific neuropsychological test to assess it. We propose a completely new test, with preliminary normative data, assessing the subjects' ability to recall allocentric spatial information from their cognitive map. The subjects are asked to mentally compare distances and directions between landmarks in their familiar environment...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791389/the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-as-a-screening-test-for-cognitive-dysfunction-in-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Sandra Freitas, Sónia Batista, Ana Cristina Afonso, Mário R Simões, Lívia de Sousa, Luís Cunha, Isabel Santana
This study investigates the utility of the Portuguese version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) as a screening-method for identifying cognitive dysfunction (CD) in multiple sclerosis (MS). The 118 participants with comprehensive neuropsychological assessment were divided into two subgroups: (I) MS group (n = 59) and (II) control group (n = 59). The MS patients were classified as cognitively intact (n = 26) or impaired (n = 33, 56%). The results indicated that the MoCA is a psychometrically valid instrument in assessment of MS patients...
October 28, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779426/wais-iv-gai-and-cpi-discrepancies-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Joseph J Ryan, David S Kreiner, Laura Glass Umfleet, Samuel T Gontkovsky, Allison Myers-Fabian
We examined relationships between the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) General Ability Index (GAI) and Cognitive Proficiency Index (CPI) in two clinical samples. The mean pattern produced by 42 individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 47 with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was the same, GAI > CPI. This pattern occurred in 61.9% and 78.7% of the protocols of patients with MS or TBI, respectively. The MS sample earned a significantly larger CPI mean than did patients with TBI...
October 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617664/the-fourth-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-professional-neuropsychology-acpn-poster-roster-march-9-10-2012-las-vegas-nevada
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485042/diagnostic-mistakes-of-culturally-diverse-individuals-when-using-north-american-neuropsychological-tests
#17
Julia C Daugherty, Antonio E Puente, Ahmed F Fasfous, Natalia Hidalgo-Ruzzante, Miguel Pérez-Garcia
Although the role of culture has increasingly gained acceptance in clinical neuropsychology, relatively minimal research exists regarding the actual impact on clinical activities. In this study, we assess how using North American neuropsychological tests affects diagnostic accuracy in cognitive disorders of culturally diverse individuals. To address this question, participants from Colombia, Morocco, and Spain were administered five commonly used neuropsychological tests and the test results were used to determine whether they would be classified as having the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Mild Cognitive and Major Cognitive Disorder...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144665/montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-normative-data-for-old-and-very-old-czech-adults
#18
Miloslav Kopecek, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Lukavsky, Daniela Ripova, Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek
The principal aim of our study was to present norms for old and very old Czech adults on the Czech version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and investigate the influence of social and demographic factors on MoCA performance. We analyzed 540 adults aged ≥ 60 years (5-year age categories; nationally representative sample in terms of sex and educational level), who met strict inclusion criteria for the absence of neurodegenerative disorders and performed within normal range in neuropsychological assessment...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078504/impact-of-concurrent-cognitive-processing-on-cold-pain-perception-implications-for-pain-management-and-its-neurobiological-basis
#19
Esslin L Terrighena, Robin Shao, Tatia M C Lee
Findings for heat pain have shown consistent pain attenuation through concurrent cognitive task completion; but only a minimal amount of studies have explored that for cold pain. This study investigated the direct impact of two well-established cognitive tasks on cold pain tolerance. In a within-subject design, 36 female Hong Kong locals were required to complete a baseline pain tolerance measurement, induced by the well-established Cold Pressor Test. This was followed by the counterbalanced presentation of the Colour Stroop or the Judgment of Line Orientation task with and without concurrent pain administration...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077512/clinical-utility-of-embedded-performance-validity-tests-on-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-rbans-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange, Aditya Bhagwat, Louis M French
This study evaluated the clinical utility of two embedded performance validity tests (PVTs) developed for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status: the Effort Index (EI) and the Effort Scale (ES) in mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Participants were 250 military service members (94.0% male; Age: M = 28.4, SD = 7.6) evaluated following mild TBI on average 7.4 months (SD = 15.6) post-injury. Participants were divided into two groups based on their performance on the Test of Memory Malingering: PVT-Pass, n = 193; PVT-Fail, n = 57...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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