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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727212/neuropsychological-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Janice Nici, Jim Hom
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major and growing health problem. Brain-related effects of type 2 DM have been studied in several ways over the past few decades. Results have shown effects on brain structure, incidence of dementia, and impairment of various cognitive functions. The present study examined a sample of clinically-referred patients with type 2 DM and compared them with a sample of control patients who were matched on a pairwise basis on age, education, and gender. Each patient was tested using a comprehensive, integrated neuropsychological test battery...
May 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617169/verbal-intelligence-in-bilinguals-when-measured-in-l1-and-l2
#2
Alfredo Ardila, Alexandra Lopez-Recio, Ariel Sakowitz, Estefania Sanchez, Stephanie Sarmiento
This study was aimed at studying the Verbal IQ in two groups of Spanish/English bilinguals: simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals. 48 Spanish/English bilinguals born in the U.S. or Latin American countries but moving to United States before the age of 10 were selected. The verbal subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (English and Spanish) - Third Edition (WAIS-III) was administered. Overall, performance was significantly better in English for both groups of bilinguals. Verbal IQ difference when tested in Spanish and English was about one standard deviation higher in English for simultaneous bilinguals, and about half standard deviation for early sequential bilinguals...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617168/what-neuropsychological-functions-best-discriminate-performance-in-adults-post-stroke
#3
Jaqueline de Carvalho Rodrigues, Wagner de Lara Machado, Denise Ren da Fontoura, Andrea Garcia Almeida, Rosane Brondani, Sheila Ouriques Martins, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles
This study aimed to develop a short version of an instrument to detect cognitive impairment in stroke patients, investigate which cognitive dimensions best discriminate between stroke patients and healthy adults and to graphically analyze the relationships among the neuropsychological variables and groups. This pilot study included 94 adults (49 post-stroke and 45 neurologically healthy) who answered the Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery NEUPSILIN for patients with expressive aphasia (NEUPSILIN-Af) to assess orientation, perception, memory, praxis, executive functions, oral language, and academic achievement (written language and arithmetic)...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617166/preoperative-verbal-memory-problems-and-their-clinical-prognostic-value-in-meningioma-patients-a-prospective-study
#4
Aistė Pranckevičienė, Vytautas Jurkuvėnas, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamašauskas, Adomas Bunevičius
This study aimed to evaluate clinical utility of The Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) for assessment of preoperative memory function in meningioma patients and to investigate prognostic value of memory assessment in predicting outcomes after meningioma excision surgery. A total of 93 meningioma patients were assessed 2-3 days preoperatively using HVLT-R, and EORTC QLQ-30 and QLQ-BN20. Functional outcome at discharge was evaluated using The Glasgow Outcome Scale. A sample of 95 healthy controls was matched to patients according to age, gender, and education...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617165/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-a-first-ever-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-the-chinese-population-a-pilot-study
#5
Che Jiang
The objective of this study was to reveal the prevalence, associated risk factors, and long-term outcomes of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Consecutive patients admitted to our institute from January 2016 to September 2016 for a first-ever ICH were asked to participate in our study. PTSD was determined with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition; DSM-5), and questionnaires on mental and physical status were used. Patients were followed at 3 and 12 months after ICH...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617157/comparing-the-open-trial-selective-reminding-test-results-with-the-california-learning-verbal-test-ii-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Silvana L Costa, John DeLuca, Kristen Costanza, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
We compared the California Learning Verbal Test II (CVLT II) and the Open Trial-Selective Reminding Test (OT-SRT) in assessing learning in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. One-hundred and twelve participants with multiple sclerosis performed the OT-SRT and the CVLT II on two different days. All participants completed additional cognitive tests assessing information processing speed (IPS), working memory (WM), and executive functions (EF). By definition, all participants were identified as having impaired learning on the OT-SRT (i...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578808/characteristics-of-dementia-patients-who-described-or-did-not-describe-the-relationship-between-two-people-on-the-cognistat-speech-sample
#7
Yusuke Matsunaga, Norio Murayama, Kazumi Ota, Yuko Fukase, Kiyoshi Sato, Eizo Iseki, Hirokuni Tagaya
Speech sample of Cognitive Status Examination (COGNISTAT) is a task in which examinees freely talk about what is happening in a presented picture. We investigated whether there are differences in the characteristics between patients who described or did not describe the relationship between two people in the speech sample based on age, gender, cognitive dysfunction, and type of dementia (Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies). The participants were 60-year-old or older patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies who undertook the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and COGNISTAT at a general hospital specialized in care for the elderly...
March 26, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547004/assess-ba10-activity-in-slide-based-and-immersive-virtual-reality-prospective-memory-task-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-fnirs
#8
Dong Dong, Lawrence K F Wong, Zhiwei Luo
By using slide-based task in a laboratory setting, previous studies have found that activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (BA10) is related to prospective memory performance. In this present study, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) technology to measure PM performance in a real-life task in a simulated virtual environment. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used simultaneously to record the rostral prefrontal cortex activities of the subjects. By comparing the data against the ones from the slide-based task, the result suggested that the activation of BA10 in the VR tasks were greater than the one in the slide-based tasks, and the VR tasks have the potential to identify the particular location of BA10 that is connected to the PM performance in our daily lives...
March 16, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537898/a-situation-specific-approach-to-measure-attention-in-adults-with-adhd-the-everyday-life-attention-scale-elas
#9
Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Lara Tucha, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Oliver Tucha
This study describes the development and utility of a new self-report measure of attentional capacities of adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Different from previous attention scales, attentional capacities are rated for nine everyday situations. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a situation-specific approach which categorizes everyday attention into nine situation scales: Reading, Movie, Activity, Lecture, Conversation, Assignment, Cooking, Cleaning up, and Driving...
March 14, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521533/classification-accuracy-of-individual-and-combined-executive-functioning-embedded-performance-validity-measures-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Douglas M Whiteside, Kristen Caraher, Amanda Hahn-Ketter, Owen Gaasedelen, Michael R Basso
The development of more sophisticated performance validity measures is important due to concerns with coaching as well as providing clinicians with a greater variety of options when assessing performance validity. Examinees with noncredible performance may find it more difficult to elude detection by PVTs derived from arithmetical summation or logistic regression. The present study evaluated the classification accuracy of several executive functioning (EF) variables as PVTs both individually and when combined into derived variables...
March 9, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513079/executive-language-or-both-an-examination-of-the-construct-validity-of-verbal-fluency-measures
#11
Stephen L Aita, Jameson D Beach, Sarah E Taylor, Nicholas C Borgogna, Murphy N Harrell, Benjamin D Hill
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether phonemic and semantic verbal fluency were more related to aspects of language processing than executive functioning (EF). An exploratory factor analysis was performed on a college-aged sample of 320 healthy participants using principle axis factoring and promax rotation on nine measures of EF. The first three factors, labeled: working memory, fluid reasoning, and shifting/updating, were extracted and used as latent executive variables. Participants were also split into low, medium, and high phonemic and semantic verbal fluency ability groups...
March 7, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781733/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-positive-neuropsychology
#12
Patricia A Pimental, John J Randolph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#14
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781730/the-positive-side-of-effort-a-review-of-the-impact-of-motivation-and-engagement-on-neuropsychological-performance
#15
Benjamin D Hill, Stephen L Aita
Almost the entirety of research on effort in clinical neuropsychology has focused on negative aspects of effort in neuropsychological assessment, with most work over the last 20 years emphasizing feigned cognitive impairment. In contrast, few studies have explored trait-level positive influences on motivation and engagement in regard to neuropsychological testing. This paper reviews potential constructs associated with positive aspects of effort in neuropsychological testing, including conation, grit, Need for Cognition, and personality factors from the Five Factor Model of personality (Big Five)...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#16
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781728/positive-neuropsychology-the-science-and-practice-of-promoting-cognitive-health
#17
John J Randolph
Positive psychology has influenced multiple subfields within psychology and areas outside of psychology. While positive psychology's focus on positive mental health and character strengths did not appear to meaningfully impact neuropsychology in its earlier stages, more recent indications suggest that the neuropsychological literature, and perhaps the field as a whole, has begun to embrace related research and practice applications. In this context, positive neuropsychology has emerged as a neuropsychological orientation focused on the study and practice of promoting cognitive health...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631992/validity-of-a-verbal-incidental-learning-measure-from-the-wais-iv-in-older-adults
#18
Dustin B Hammers, Amanda M Kucera, Stephanie J Card, Kathryn A Tolle, Taylor J Atkinson, Kevin Duff, Robert J Spencer
Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL...
May 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631989/impact-of-rapport-on-neuropsychological-test-performance
#19
Michael D Barnett, Thomas D Parsons, Brooke L Reynolds, Lee A Bedford
Guides to neuropsychological assessment emphasize the importance of establishing rapport; however, there has been a minimal amount of empirical investigation of the impact of rapport on neuropsychological test performance. In this experiment, participants (N = 98) were randomly assigned to take neuropsychological tests in either a high or low rapport condition. Results showed that we were able to manipulate the level of rapport and that the level of rapport had a significant effect on the Grooved Pegboard Test and the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, with other tests nearing statistical significance...
May 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631988/evidence-of-practice-effect-in-cantab-spatial-working-memory-test-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#20
Federica Cacciamani, Nicola Salvadori, Paolo Eusebi, Viviana Lisetti, Elisa Luchetti, Paolo Calabresi, Lucilla Parnetti
The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a system of neuropsychological tests frequently used to track the progression of cognitive deficits in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated test-retest reliability in seven CANTAB tests. Twenty-five MCI patients, with either AD-like or conflicting/normal cerebrospinal fluid profiles underwent three testing sessions at 6-month intervals, including the following tests: Reaction Time and Rapid Visual Information Processing (assessing attention and reaction times); Delayed Matching-to-Sample, Paired Associates Learning, Spatial Recognition Memory and Pattern Recognition Memory (assessing memory); Spatial Working Memory (assessing executive functions)...
May 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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