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Applied Neuropsychology. Adult

Laszlo A Erdodi, Chantalle L Pelletier, Robert M Roth
Elevations on certain Conners' CPT-II scales are known to be associated with invalid responding. However, scales and cutoffs vary across studies. In addition, the methodology behind developing performance validity tests (PVTs) has been challenged for mistaking true impairment for noncredible presentation. Using ability-based tests as a PVT makes clinicians especially vulnerable to this criticism. The present study examined the ability of CPT-II to dissociate effort from impairment in 47 adults clinically referred for neuropsychological assessment...
September 23, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Alfredo Ardila, Monica Rosselli
It is proposed that depending upon the specific pattern of cognitive abilities, each individual lives in an idiosyncratic "cognitive world." Brain pathology can be associated with some disturbed abilities, and frequently experiential changes (i.e., how the world is understood) are observed. Because these patients often are aware of their intellectual changes, they may represent excellent models to illustrate the diversity of cognitive interpretations an individual can have about the surrounding environmental conditions...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Scott Roye, Matthew Calamia, Kevin Greve, Kevin Bianchini, Luis Aguerrevere, Kelly Curtis
Although it has long been proposed that performance on the Booklet Category Test (BCT) relies on a number of different cognitive abilities, including executive functioning, perceptual reasoning, and memory, only a single total error score is typically derived and interpreted in clinical practice. BCT subscales based on factor analyses of subtest errors or designed specifically to measure specific cognitive domains have been proposed to better assess the multidimensional abilities underlying BCT performance...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Robert J Spencer, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Annalise Rahman-Filipiak
Incidental learning (IL) measures provide complementary assessment data reflecting subconscious encoding of information using methods that differ from the procedures of many traditional memory tests. We examined the concurrent validity of an IL measure based on the coding subtest of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Participants included veterans referred for outpatient neuropsychological testing. Performance on the IL procedures correlated more strongly with memory indices than other indices on the RBANS...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Giovanni D'Antuono, Francesca Romana La Torre, Dario Marin, Gabriella Antonucci, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia
We investigated the relationship between verbal and visuo-spatial measures of working memory, inhibition, fluid intelligence and the performance on the Tower of London (ToL) task in a large sample of 830 healthy participants aged between 18 and 71 years. We found that fluid intelligence and visuo-spatial working memory accounted for a significant variance in the ToL task, while performances on verbal working memory and on the Stroop Test were not predictive for performance on the ToL. The present results confirm that fluid intelligence has a fundamental role on planning tests, but also show that visuo-spatial working memory plays a crucial role in ToL performance...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Maria Antonietta Annunziata, Barbara Muzzatti, Cristiana Flaiban, Lorena Giovannini, Guido Lucchini
The "Cognitive Functioning Self-Assessment Scale" (CFSS) is a questionnaire specifically developed for the self-reporting of cognitive functioning in non-neurologic settings. A previous published study had showed its good reading comprehension and face validity, defining it as monofactorial and reliable. This paper provides further psychometric data and norms derived on a larger sample from the general population. Our work is divided into two studies. In Study 1, 194 adult patients in a General Practitioner study (27...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Konstantine K Zakzanis, Kyrsten M Grimes
It is well established that most people recover soon after a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), yet protracted neuropsychological impairment is evident in many individuals. We sought to elucidate the relationship between apathy and neuropsychological impairment and disability as it pertains to real-world function in patients who sustained a mTBI reporting and demonstrating protracted neuropsychological impaired (i.e., more than three months post-injury). We employed a battery of neuropsychological and psychological measures, along with a measure of apathy in 104 patients who sustained a mTBI reporting neuropsychological complaints (38 in the not disabled group and 66 in the disabled group)...
September 16, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Damith Woods, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Janja Rattanajan
We report the clinical assessment of J.P., an 86 year-old man with Broca's aphasia complaining of memory problems. Our aim was to objectively investigate his level of cognitive functioning using standardized neuropsychological tests in order to determine the nature of his memory impairment. J.P.'s medical history included left-middle cerebral artery (left-MCA) stroke, high frequency hearing loss, macular degeneration, and a recent hospitalization related to a fall. Results from his neuropsychological testing and from information gathered during the clinical interview with his wife suggested that a deficit in executive functioning might have been the source for some of his perceived memory problems...
September 13, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Amir Poreh, Sarah Tolfo, Anna Krivenko, Max Teaford
The present study examines the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) Embedded Performance Validity Indicator (EPVI) for detecting performance validity. This retrospective study analyzes the performance of four groups of 879 participants comprised of 464 clinically referred patients with suspected dementia, 91 forensic patients identified as not exhibiting adequate effort on other measures of response bias, 25 patients with well documented TBI, and a random sample of 198 adults collected in the Gulf State of Oman...
August 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Michael N Dretsch, Kathy Williams, Tara Staver, Geoffrey Grammer, Joseph Bleiberg, Thomas DeGraba, Rael T Lange
The objective of this study was to compare the Validity-10 scale with the PAI Negative Impression Management Scale (PAI-NIM) for detecting exaggerated symptom reporting in active-duty military service members (SMs) admitted with unremitting mild TBI symptoms and comorbid psychological health conditions (mTBI/PH). Data were analyzed from 254 SMs who completed the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) and Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) as a part of a larger battery of self-report symptom scales upon admission to the intensive-outpatient TBI treatment program at a military medical center...
August 24, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Peii Chen, Meghan D Caulfield, Ashley J Hartman, Jacqueline O'Rourke, Joan Toglia
The 3s Spreadsheet Test (3S Test) is a cancellation test with high stimulus density and low target-to-distractor ratio, to assess stimulus-centered and viewer-centered spatial neglect. Twenty-five stroke survivors with left-sided neglect and 68 age-matched healthy controls took the 3S Test. Patients also took the Apples Test, a validated cancellation test. No patient's accuracy on the 3S Test was in the normal range. A total of 91.7% of the patients had an abnormal start; 52.6% of the patients took abnormally long time to complete the 3S Test...
August 19, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Karen A Sullivan, Janine K Lurie
The study examined the component structure of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) under five different models. The evaluated models comprised the full NSI (NSI-22) and the NSI-20 (NSI minus two orphan items). A civilian nonclinical sample was used. The 575 volunteers were predominantly university students who screened negative for mild TBI. The study design was cross-sectional, with questionnaires administered online. The main measure was the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory. Subscale, total and embedded validity scores were derived (the Validity-10, the LOW6, and the NIM5)...
August 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Enrique López, Alexander J Steiner, Kimberly Smith, Nicholas S Thaler, David J Hardy, Andrew J Levine, Hussah T Al-Kharafi, Cristina Yamakawa, Karl Goodkin
Given that neurocognitive impairment is a frequent complication of HIV-1 infection in Spanish-speaking adults, the limited number of studies assessing HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in this population raises serious clinical concern. In addition to being appropriately translated, instruments need to be modified, normed, and validated accordingly. The purpose of the current study was to examine the diagnostic utility of the HIV Dementia Scale (HDS) and International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS) to screen for HAND in Spanish-speaking adults living with HIV infection...
August 15, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Dominic A Carone
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy and subcortical ischemic leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is sometimes misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS). MS and CADASIL are not known to co-occur and brain magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) findings can help with differential diagnosis. Despite the availability of this information, a case report is presented of a 61-year-old woman who was misdiagnosed with MS at age 50, tested positive for CADASIL at age 56, described incorrectly as having both conditions simultaneously, and continued on MS disease-modifying medications, resulting in financial and physical hardship...
August 11, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Andrea S Vincent, Christopher M Bailey, Charles Cowan, Eugenia Cox-Fuenzalida, Jeff Dyche, Kim A Gorgens, Daniel C Krawcyzk, Leanne Young
The BrainScope Ahead 300 is designed for use by health care professionals to aid in the assessment of patients suspected of a mild traumatic brain injury. The purpose of the current study was to establish normative data for the cognitive test component of the Ahead 300 system and to evaluate the role of demographic factors on test performance. Healthy, community-dwelling adults between the ages of 18 and 80 recruited from five geographically distributed sites were administered Android versions of the ANAM Matching to Sample and Procedural Reaction Time tests that comprise the cognitive test component of the Ahead 300 system by trained personnel...
August 11, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Cady K Block, Doug Johnson-Greene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Dorota Buczylowska, Franz Petermann
Data from five subtests of the Executive Functions Module of the German Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) and all ten core subtests of the German Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) were used to examine the relationship between executive functions and intelligence in a comparison of two age groups: individuals aged 18-59 years and individuals aged 60-88 years. The NAB subtests Categories and Word Generation demonstrated a consistent correlation pattern for both age groups...
August 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Julia C Daugherty, Antonio E Puente, Ahmed F Fasfous, Natalia Hidalgo-Ruzzante, Miguel Pérez-Garcia
Although the role of culture has increasingly gained acceptance in clinical neuropsychology, relatively minimal research exists regarding the actual impact on clinical activities. In this study, we assess how using North American neuropsychological tests affects diagnostic accuracy in cognitive disorders of culturally diverse individuals. To address this question, participants from Colombia, Morocco, and Spain were administered five commonly used neuropsychological tests and the test results were used to determine whether they would be classified as having the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Mild Cognitive and Major Cognitive Disorder...
August 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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