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Health Economics Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#1
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896782/mixed-method-versus-full-top-down-microcosting-for-organ-recovery-cost-assessment-in-a-french-hospital-group
#2
Abdelbaste Hrifach, Coralie Brault, Sandrine Couray-Targe, Lionel Badet, Pascale Guerre, Christell Ganne, Hassan Serrier, Vanessa Labeye, Pierre Farge, Cyrille Colin
BACKGROUND: The costing method used can change the results of economic evaluations. Choosing the appropriate method to assess the cost of organ recovery is an issue of considerable interest to health economists, hospitals, financial managers and policy makers in most developed countries. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to compare a mixed method, combining top-down microcosting and bottom-up microcosting versus full top-down microcosting to assess the cost of organ recovery in a French hospital group...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885614/family-income-and-body-mass-index-what-have-we-learned-from-china
#3
Fafanyo Asiseh, Jianfeng Yao
Obesity poses lots of health risks in both developing and developed countries. One thing that remains unclear is the relationship between family income and weight gain. This paper explores the relationship between family income and Body Mass Index (BMI) given variations in individual choice towards basic consumption and life quality improvement consumption as income increases. We use a nationally representative longitudinal data from China, the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), to estimate the relationship between income and weight gain...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844451/information-regulation-and-coordination-realist-analysis-of-the-efforts-of-community-health-committees-to-limit-informal-health-care-providers-in-nigeria
#4
Seye Abimbola, Kemi Ogunsina, Augustina N Charles-Okoli, Joel Negin, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan
One of the consequences of ineffective governments is that they leave space for unlicensed and unregulated informal providers without formal training to deliver a large proportion of health services. Without institutions that facilitate appropriate health care transactions, patients tend to navigate health care markets from one inappropriate provider to another, receiving sub-optimal care, before they find appropriate providers; all the while incurring personal transaction costs. But the top-down interventions to address this barrier to accessing care are hampered by weak governments, as informal providers are entrenched in communities...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844450/measuring-patients-priorities-using-the-analytic-hierarchy-process-in-comparison-with-best-worst-scaling-and-rating-cards-methodological-aspects-and-ranking-tasks
#5
Katharina Schmidt, Ana Babac, Frédéric Pauer, Kathrin Damm, J-Matthias von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: Identifying patient priorities and preference measurements have gained importance as patients claim a more active role in health care decision making. Due to the variety of existing methods, it is challenging to define an appropriate method for each decision problem. This study demonstrates the impact of the non-standardized Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method on priorities, and compares it with Best-Worst-Scaling (BWS) and ranking card methods. METHODS: We investigated AHP results for different Consistency Ratio (CR) thresholds, aggregation methods, and sensitivity analyses...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785769/design-and-implementation-of-community-engagement-interventions-towards-healthcare-quality-improvement-in-ghana-a-methodological-approach
#6
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Daniel Kojo Arhinful
BACKGROUND: Nearly four decades after the Alma-Ata declaration of 1978 on the need for active client/community participation in healthcare, not much has been achieved in this regard particularly in resource constrained countries like Ghana, where over 70 % of communities in rural areas access basic healthcare from primary health facilities. Systematic Community Engagement (SCE) in healthcare quality assessment remains a grey area in many health systems in Africa, albeit the increasing importance in promoting universal access to quality basic healthcare services...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778292/the-determinants-of-the-choice-of-treatment-of-pregnant-women-in-cameroon
#7
Saturnin Bertrand Nguenda Anya, Atanase Yene
This paper seeks to identify the determinants of the choice of treatment of pregnant women in Cameroon. Theoretically, the methodology is based on a discrete choice model with random utility. Empirically, the econometric specification is a Nested Multinomial Logit Model. The data used comes from the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) organized in 2011 by the National Institute of Statistics. The results reveal that uneducated women or those having only a primary education prefer to meet the traditional midwives than seek modern maternal health services...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761887/erratum-to-cost-of-a-lymphedema-treatment-mandate-10%C3%A2-years-of-experience-in-the-commonwealth-of-virginia
#8
Robert Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687714/comparison-of-post-authorisation-measures-from-regulatory-authorities-with-additional-evidence-requirements-from-the-hta-body-in-germany-are-additional-data-requirements-by-the-federal-joint-committee-justified
#9
Jörg Ruof, Thomas Staab, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Jakob Schröter, Friedrich Wilhelm Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare post-authorisation measures (PAMs) from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) with data requests in fixed-termed conditional appraisals of early benefit assessments from the German Federal Joint Committee (G-BA). METHODS: Medicinal products with completed benefit assessments during an assessment period of 3.5 years were considered. PAMs extracted from European Public Assessment Reports (EPARs) were compared with data requests issued by the G-BA in the context of conditional appraisals...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655476/health-expenditures-spent-for-prevention-economic-performance-and-social-welfare
#10
Fuhmei Wang, Jung-Der Wang, Yu-Xiu Huang
BACKGROUND: Countries with limited resources in economic downturns often reduce government expenditures, of which spending on preventive healthcare with no apparent immediate health impact might be cut down first. This research aims to find the optimum share of preventive health expenditure to gross domestic product (GDP) and investigate the implications of preventive health services on economic performance and the population's wellbeing. METHODS: We develop the economic growth model to undertake health-economic analyses and parameterize for Taiwan setting...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637834/heterogeneity-in-general-practitioners-preferences-for-quality-improvement-programs-a-choice-experiment-and-policy-simulation-in-france
#11
Mehdi Ammi, Christine Peyron
Despite increasing popularity, quality improvement programs (QIP) have had modest and variable impacts on enhancing the quality of physician practice. We investigate the heterogeneity of physicians' preferences as a potential explanation of these mixed results in France, where the national voluntary QIP - the CAPI - has been cancelled due to its unpopularity. We rely on a discrete choice experiment to elicit heterogeneity in physicians' preferences for the financial and non-financial components of QIP. Using mixed and latent class logit models, results show that the two models should be used in concert to shed light on different aspects of the heterogeneity in preferences...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624462/utilization-of-healthcare-services-and-renewal-of-health-insurance-membership-evidence-of-adverse-selection-in-ghana
#12
Stephen Kwasi Opoku Duku, Francis Asenso-Boadi, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Daniel Kojo Arhinful
BACKGROUND: Utilization of healthcare in Ghana's novel National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) has been increasing since inception with associated high claims bill which threatens the scheme's financial sustainability. This paper investigates the presence of adverse selection by assessing the effect of healthcare utilization and frequency of use on NHIS renewal. METHOD: Routine enrolment and utilization data from 2008 to 2013 in two regions in Ghana was analyzed...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590738/cost-of-a-lymphedema-treatment-mandate-10-years-of-experience-in-the-commonwealth-of-virginia
#13
Robert Weiss
Treatment of chronic illness accounts for over 90 % of Medicare spending. Chronic lymphedema places over 3 million Americans at risk of recurrent cellulitis. Health insurers and legislators have taken an active role in fighting attempts to mandate the treatment of lymphedema for fear that provision of the physical therapy and compression materials would result in large and uncontrollable claim costs. The author knows of no open source of lymphedema treatment cost data based on population coverage or claims...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580727/erratum-to-quality-of-life-and-costs-of-spasticity-treatment-in-german-stroke-patients
#14
Reinhard Rychlik, Fabian Kreimendahl, Nicole Schnur, Judith Lambert-Baumann, Dirk Dressler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580726/no-theory-an-explanation-of-the-lack-of-consistency-in-cross-country-health-care-comparisons-using-non-parametric-estimators
#15
Richard Gearhart
Since 2000 several papers have examined the efficiency of healthcare delivery systems worldwide. These papers have extended the literature using drastically different input and output combinations from one another, with little theoretical or empirical support backing these specifications. Issues arise that many of these inputs and outputs are available for a subset of OECD countries each year. Using a common estimator and the different specifications proposed leads to the result that efficiency rankings across papers can diverge quite significantly, with several countries being highly efficient in one specification and highly inefficient in another...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580725/frontline-staff-motivation-levels-and-health-care-quality-in-rural-and-urban-primary-health-facilities-a-baseline-study-in-the-greater-accra-and-western-regions-of-ghana
#16
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah
BACKGROUND: The population of Ghana is increasingly becoming urbanized with about 70 % of the estimated 26.9 million people living in urban and peri-urban areas. Nonetheless, eight out of the ten regions in Ghana remain predominantly rural where only 32.1 % of the national health sector workforce works. Doctor-patient ratio in a predominantly rural region is about 1:18,257 compared to 1:4,099 in an urban region. These rural-urban inequities significantly account for the inability of Ghana to attain the health related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) before the end of 2015...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576700/revisiting-the-child-health-wealth-nexus
#17
Adnan M S Fakir
OBJECTIVE: The causal link between a household's economic standing and child health is known to suffer from endogeneity. While past studies have exemplified the causal link to be small, albeit statistically significant, this paper aims to estimate the causal effect to investigate whether the effect of income after controlling for the endogeneity remains small in the long run. By correcting for the bias, and knowing the bias direction, one can also infer about the underlying backward effect...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562805/financial-burden-and-quality-of-life-of-informal-caregivers-of-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Hannah Weyer-Wendl, Peter Walter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to quantify the cost burden, care times and the impact on the quality of life (QoL) of informal caring relatives caring for patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (wet AMD). Moreover we investigated the impact of care times on the QoL. METHODS: Through a specifically designed questionnaire, 150 caring relatives were interviewed retrospectively on all accrued financial costs, caring times incurred and the current QoL, assessed by a Visual Analogue Scale for happiness (VAS)...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541298/systematic-review-of-health-state-utility-values-for-economic-evaluation-of-colorectal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Kim Jeong, John Cairns
Cost-utility analyses undertaken to inform decision making regarding colorectal cancer (CRC) require a set of health state utility values (HSUVs) so that the time CRC patients spend in different health states can be aggregated into quality-adjusted life-years (QALY). This study reviews CRC-related HSUVs that could be used in economic evaluation and assesses their advantages and disadvantages with respect to valuation methods used and CRC clinical pathways. Fifty-seven potentially relevant studies were identified which collectively report 321 CRC-related HSUVs...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539222/implementing-personalized-medicine-with-asymmetric-information-on-prevalence-rates
#20
Fernando Antoñanzas, Carmelo A Juárez-Castelló, Roberto Rodríguez-Ibeas
Although personalized medicine is becoming the new paradigm to manage some diseases, the economics of personalized medicine have only focused on assessing the efficiency of specific treatments, lacking a theoretical framework analyzing the interactions between pharmaceutical firms and healthcare systems leading to the implementation of personalized treatments. We model the interaction between the hospitals and the manufacturer of a new treatment as an adverse selection problem where the firm does not have perfect information on the prevalence across hospitals of the genetic characteristics of the patients making them eligible to receive a new treatment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
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