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Health Economics Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188606/costs-of-productivity-loss-due-to-occupational-cancer-in-canada-estimation-using-claims-data-from-workers-compensation-boards
#1
W Dominika Wranik, Adam Muir, Min Hu
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a leading cause of illness globally, yet our understanding of the financial implications of cancer caused by working conditions and environments is limited. The goal of this study is to estimate the costs of productivity losses due to occupational cancer in Canada, and to evaluate the factors associated with these costs. METHODS: Two sources of data are used: (i) Individual level administrative claims data from the Workers Compensation Board of Nova Scotia; and (ii) provincial aggregated cancer claims statistics from the Association of Workers Compensation Boards of Canada...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168633/cost-utility-analysis-of-dynamic-intraligamentary-stabilization-versus-early-reconstruction-after-rupture-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament
#2
Martin Bierbaum, Oliver Schöffski, Benedikt Schliemann, Clemens Kösters
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) technique in comparison with reconstructive surgery (ACLR) in the treatment of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures from the perspective of the community of insured citizens in Germany. METHODS: Because of the specific decision problem at hand, namely that with DIS the procedure has to take place within 21 days after the initial trauma, a decision tree was developed...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150127/standardised-mortality-rate-for-cerebrovascular-diseases-in-the-slovak-republic-from-1996-to-2013-in-the-context-of-income-inequalities-and-its-international-comparison
#3
Beáta Gavurová, Viliam Kováč, Tatiana Vagašová
Non-communicable diseases represent one of the greatest challenges for health policymakers. The main objective of this study is to analyse the development of standardised mortality rates for cerebrovascular disease, which is one of the most common causes of deaths, in relation to income inequality in individual regions of the Slovak Republic. Direct standardisation was applied using data from the Slovak mortality database, covering the time period from 1996 to 2013. The standardised mortality rate declined by 4...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144927/pay-for-performance-and-contractual-choice-the-case-of-general-practitioners-in-england
#4
Eleonora Fichera, Mario Pezzino
The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) is a Pay-for-Performance scheme introduced in England in 2004 to reward primary care providers. This incentive scheme provides financial incentives that reward the overall performance of a practice, not individual effort. Consequently, an important question is how the QOF may affect contractual choices, quality provision and doctor mobility in the primary healthcare labour market. The paper provides a simple theoretical model that shows that the introduction and further strengthening of the scheme may have induced practices to compete for the best doctors and modified their choices in terms of contractual agreements with practitioners...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124313/policy-makers-the-international-community-and-the-population-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-diseases-case-study-on-hiv-aids
#5
Kjell Hausken, Mthuli Ncube
A four-period game is developed between a policy maker, the international community, and the population. This research supplements, through implementing strategic interaction, earlier research analyzing "one player at a time". The first two players distribute funds between preventing and treating diseases. The population reacts by degree of risky behavior which may cause no disease, disease contraction, recovery, sickness/death. More funds to prevention implies less disease contraction but higher death rate given disease contraction...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124312/is-health-care-a-necessary-or-luxury-product-for-asian-countries-an-answer-using-panel-approach
#6
S M Abdullah, Salina Siddiqua, Rumana Huque
A number of studies have estimated the income elasticity of health care expenditure to identify whether health care is a necessary or luxury product. However, the issue has received less attention in developing countries, especially in Asian economies. The current study for the first time has used the panel data covering 36 Asian countries for the period 1995-2013 for revealing the nature of health care as a product. Along with conventional econometric techniques we have addressed the issue of cross section dependence and used Westerlund (2007) panel cointegration test which is robust against cross section dependence and heterogeneity for detecting the presence of panel cointegration...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105591/valuing-productivity-loss-due-to-absenteeism-firm-level-evidence-from-a-canadian-linked-employer-employee-survey
#7
Wei Zhang, Huiying Sun, Simon Woodcock, Aslam H Anis
In health economic evaluation studies, to value productivity loss due to absenteeism, existing methods use wages as a proxy value for marginal productivity. This study is the first to test the equality between wage and marginal productivity losses due to absenteeism separately for team workers and non-team workers. Our estimates are based on linked employer-employee data from Canada. Results indicate that team workers are more productive and earn higher wages than non-team workers. However, the productivity gap between these two groups is considerably larger than the wage gap...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097610/on-the-interdependence-of-ambulatory-and-hospital-care-in-the-german-health-system
#8
Tugba Büyükdurmus, Thomas Kopetsch, Hendrik Schmitz, Harald Tauchmann
For some considerable time now the interface between ambulatory and hospital care has been mooted as a cause of inefficiencies in the German health system and there have been calls for a softening of the strict separation between the two sectors. This debate emphasizes the need for detailed empirical information on the interdependence between the two sectors. Using extensive administrative data at the level of the 412 German counties for the years 2007 to 2009 and a simultaneous equation model which allows the numbers of ambulatory and hospital cases to be mutually interdependent, we examine the connection between ambulatory and hospital specialist care separately for ten medical specialties...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092012/results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-analyzing-telemedically-supported-case-management-in-the-first-year-after-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-a-budget-impact-analysis-from-the-healthcare-perspective
#9
Klaus Kaier, Silvia Hils, Stefan Fetzer, Philip Hehn, Anja Schmid, Dieter Hauschke, Lioudmila Bogatyreva, Bernd Jänigen, Przemyslaw Pisarski
: ᅟ: We analyze one-year costs and savings of a telemedically supported case management program after kidney transplantation from the perspective of the German Healthcare System. Recipients of living donor kidney transplantation (N = 46) were randomly allocated to either (1) standard aftercare or (2) standard aftercare plus additional telemedically supported case management. A range of cost figures of each patient's medical service utilization were calculated at month 3, 6 and 12 and analyzed using two-part regression models...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995577/patient-dumping-outlier-payments-and-optimal-healthcare-payment-policy-under-asymmetric-information
#10
Tsuyoshi Takahara
We analyze a rationale for official authorization of patient dumping in the prospective payment policy framework. We show that when the insurer designs the healthcare payment policy to let hospitals dump high-cost patients, there is a trade-off between the disutility of dumped patients (changes in hospitals' rent extraction due to low-severity patients) and the shift in the level of cost reduction efforts for high-severity patients. We also clarify the welfare-improving conditions by allowing hospitals to dump high-severity patients...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928784/structural-equation-modeling-for-decomposing-rank-dependent-indicators-of-socioeconomic-inequality-of-health-an-empirical-study
#11
Roselinde Kessels, Guido Erreygers
We present a flexible structural equation modeling (SEM) framework for the regression-based decomposition of rank-dependent indicators of socioeconomic inequality of health and compare it with simple ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. The SEM framework forms the basis for a proper use of the most prominent one- and two-dimensional decompositions and provides an argument for using the bivariate multiple regression model for two-dimensional decomposition. Within the SEM framework, the two-dimensional decomposition integrates the feedback mechanism between health and socioeconomic status and allows for different sets of determinants of these variables...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924584/the-health-conditions-and-the-health-care-consumption-of-the-uninsured
#12
Marco A Castaneda, Meryem Saygili
This paper investigates the difference in the health conditions and the health care consumption of uninsured individuals as compared to individuals with private insurance, using a nationally representative data set of inpatient hospital admissions from the US. In line with the previous literature, our results indicate that uninsured individuals are, on average, in worse health conditions. However, if we compare individuals within the same diagnosis category, the uninsured are actually healthier, with a lower number of chronic conditions and a lower risk of mortality...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896782/mixed-method-versus-full-top-down-microcosting-for-organ-recovery-cost-assessment-in-a-french-hospital-group
#14
Abdelbaste Hrifach, Coralie Brault, Sandrine Couray-Targe, Lionel Badet, Pascale Guerre, Christell Ganne, Hassan Serrier, Vanessa Labeye, Pierre Farge, Cyrille Colin
BACKGROUND: The costing method used can change the results of economic evaluations. Choosing the appropriate method to assess the cost of organ recovery is an issue of considerable interest to health economists, hospitals, financial managers and policy makers in most developed countries. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to compare a mixed method, combining top-down microcosting and bottom-up microcosting versus full top-down microcosting to assess the cost of organ recovery in a French hospital group...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885614/family-income-and-body-mass-index-what-have-we-learned-from-china
#15
Fafanyo Asiseh, Jianfeng Yao
Obesity poses lots of health risks in both developing and developed countries. One thing that remains unclear is the relationship between family income and weight gain. This paper explores the relationship between family income and Body Mass Index (BMI) given variations in individual choice towards basic consumption and life quality improvement consumption as income increases. We use a nationally representative longitudinal data from China, the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), to estimate the relationship between income and weight gain...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844451/information-regulation-and-coordination-realist-analysis-of-the-efforts-of-community-health-committees-to-limit-informal-health-care-providers-in-nigeria
#16
Seye Abimbola, Kemi Ogunsina, Augustina N Charles-Okoli, Joel Negin, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan
One of the consequences of ineffective governments is that they leave space for unlicensed and unregulated informal providers without formal training to deliver a large proportion of health services. Without institutions that facilitate appropriate health care transactions, patients tend to navigate health care markets from one inappropriate provider to another, receiving sub-optimal care, before they find appropriate providers; all the while incurring personal transaction costs. But the top-down interventions to address this barrier to accessing care are hampered by weak governments, as informal providers are entrenched in communities...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844450/measuring-patients-priorities-using-the-analytic-hierarchy-process-in-comparison-with-best-worst-scaling-and-rating-cards-methodological-aspects-and-ranking-tasks
#17
Katharina Schmidt, Ana Babac, Frédéric Pauer, Kathrin Damm, J-Matthias von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: Identifying patient priorities and preference measurements have gained importance as patients claim a more active role in health care decision making. Due to the variety of existing methods, it is challenging to define an appropriate method for each decision problem. This study demonstrates the impact of the non-standardized Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method on priorities, and compares it with Best-Worst-Scaling (BWS) and ranking card methods. METHODS: We investigated AHP results for different Consistency Ratio (CR) thresholds, aggregation methods, and sensitivity analyses...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785769/design-and-implementation-of-community-engagement-interventions-towards-healthcare-quality-improvement-in-ghana-a-methodological-approach
#18
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Daniel Kojo Arhinful
BACKGROUND: Nearly four decades after the Alma-Ata declaration of 1978 on the need for active client/community participation in healthcare, not much has been achieved in this regard particularly in resource constrained countries like Ghana, where over 70 % of communities in rural areas access basic healthcare from primary health facilities. Systematic Community Engagement (SCE) in healthcare quality assessment remains a grey area in many health systems in Africa, albeit the increasing importance in promoting universal access to quality basic healthcare services...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778292/the-determinants-of-the-choice-of-treatment-of-pregnant-women-in-cameroon
#19
Saturnin Bertrand Nguenda Anya, Atanase Yene
This paper seeks to identify the determinants of the choice of treatment of pregnant women in Cameroon. Theoretically, the methodology is based on a discrete choice model with random utility. Empirically, the econometric specification is a Nested Multinomial Logit Model. The data used comes from the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) organized in 2011 by the National Institute of Statistics. The results reveal that uneducated women or those having only a primary education prefer to meet the traditional midwives than seek modern maternal health services...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761887/erratum-to-cost-of-a-lymphedema-treatment-mandate-10%C3%A2-years-of-experience-in-the-commonwealth-of-virginia
#20
Robert Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Economics Review
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