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Korean Journal of Orthodontics

Dena Sawchuk, Kris Currie, Manuel Lagravere Vich, Juan Martin Palomo, Carlos Flores-Mir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the diagnostic tools available for assessing maxillary transverse deficiencies. METHODS: An electronic search of three databases was performed from their date of establishment to April 2015, with manual searching of reference lists of relevant articles. Articles were considered for inclusion if they reported the accuracy or reliability of a diagnostic method or evaluation technique for maxillary transverse dimensions in mixed or permanent dentitions...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Kyoung Ho Kwak, Seong Sik Kim, Yong-Il Kim, Yong-Deok Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the results of fractal analysis can be used as criteria for midpalatal suture maturation evaluation. METHODS: The study included 131 subjects aged over 18 years of age (range 18.1-53.4 years) who underwent cone-beam computed tomography. Skeletonized images of the midpalatal suture were obtained via image processing software and used to calculate fractal dimensions. Correlations between maturation stage and fractal dimensions were calculated using Spearman's correlation coefficient...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Sun-Mi Cho, Sung-Hwan Choi, Sang-Jin Sung, Hyung-Seog Yu, Chung-Ju Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal loading conditions for pure intrusion of the six maxillary anterior teeth with miniscrews according to alveolar bone loss. METHODS: A three-dimensional finite element model was created for a segment of the six anterior teeth, and the positions of the miniscrews and hooks were varied after setting the alveolar bone loss to 0, 2, or 4 mm. Under 100 g of intrusive force, initial displacement of the individual teeth in three directions and the degree of labial tilting were measured...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Hye-Rim Ann, Young-Soo Jung, Kee-Joon Lee, Hyoung-Seon Baik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal and dental changes after intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) with and without presurgical orthodontics by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 24 patients (mean age, 22.1 years) with skeletal Class III malocclusion who underwent bimaxillary surgery with IVRO. The patients were divided into the preorthodontic orthognathic surgery (POGS) group (n = 12) and conventional surgery (CS) group (n = 12)...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Ju-Man Kang, Jae Hyun Park, Mohamed Bayome, Moonbee Oh, Chong Ook Park, Yoon-Ah Kook, Sung-Seo Mo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) evaluate the effects of maxillary second and third molar eruption status on the distalization of first molars with a modified palatal anchorage plate (MPAP), and (2) compare the results to the outcomes of the use of a pendulum and that of a headgear using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: Three eruption stages were established: an erupting second molar at the cervical one-third of the first molar root (Stage 1), a fully erupted second molar (Stage 2), and an erupting third molar at the cervical one-third of the second molar root (Stage 3)...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Dler Ali, Hnd Mohammed, Seung-Hwan Koo, Kyung-Hwa Kang, Sang-Cheol Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze tooth movement and arch width changes in maxillary dentition following nonextraction treatment with orthodontic mini-implant (OMI) anchorage in Class II division 1 malocclusions. METHODS: Seventeen adult patients diagnosed with Angle's Class II division 1 malocclusion were treated by nonextraction with OMIs as anchorage for distalization of whole maxillary dentition. Three-dimensional virtual maxillary models were superimposed with the best-fit method at the pretreatment and post-treatment stages...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Lucas S Stepanko, Manuel O Lagravère
OBJECTIVE: Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is used to expand the maxilla and increase arch perimeter; yet, there are few reports on its effects on the sphenoid bone. With cone-beam computed topography (CBCT), it is possible to visualize sphenoid bone changes. The purpose of this study was to investigate sphenoid bone changes observed in conjunction with RME treatments, using CBCT. METHODS: Sixty patients (34 women and 26 men, aged 11-17 years) underwent RME as part of their orthodontic treatment...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Joon Im
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Xue-Dong Wang, Jie-Ni Zhang, Da-Wei Liu, Fei-Fei Lei, Yan-Heng Zhou
In the present report, we describe the successful use of miniscrews to achieve vertical control in combination with the conventional sliding MBT™ straight-wire technique for the treatment of a 26-year-old Chinese woman with a very high mandibular plane angle, deep overbite, retrognathic mandible with backward rotation, prognathic maxilla, and gummy smile. The patient exhibited skeletal Class II malocclusion. Orthodontic miniscrews were placed in the maxillary anterior and posterior segments to provide rigid anchorage and vertical control through intrusion of the incisors and molars...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Jae-Won Song, Joong-Ki Lim, Kee-Joon Lee, Sang-Jin Sung, Youn-Sic Chun, Sung-Seo Mo
OBJECTIVE: Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. METHODS: Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2)...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Takuji Hikida, Masaru Yamaguchi, Mami Shimizu, Jun Kikuta, Tomokazu Yoshino, Kazutaka Kasai
OBJECTIVE: Root mobility due to reciprocating movement of the tooth (jiggling) may exacerbate orthodontic root resorption (ORR). "Jiggling" describes mesiodistal or buccolingual movement of the roots of the teeth during orthodontic treatment. In the present study, buccolingual movement is described as "jiggling." We aimed to investigate the relationship between ORR and jiggling and to test for positive cell expression in odontoclasts in resorbed roots during experimental tooth movement (jiggling) in vivo...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Cahide Aglarci, Asli Baysal, Kadir Demirci, Ferhan Dikmen, Ali Vasfi Aglarci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) into Turkish, validate the questionnaire, and provide a cross-cultural adaptation. METHODS: The translation process included the following steps, which were performed by a translation committee: (1) translation into Turkish, (2) back translation into English, (3) pretesting, and (4) cross-cultural adaptation. The Turkish version of the PIDAQ was produced subsequent to the translation process...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Jonghan Yu, Jae Hyun Park, Mohamed Bayome, Sungkon Kim, Yoon-Ah Kook, Yoonji Kim, Chang-Hyen Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment effects after distalization of the mandibular dentition using ramal plates through lateral cephalograms. METHODS: Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms and dental casts of 22 adult patients (11 males and 11 females; mean age, 23.9 ± 5.52 years) who received ramal plates for mandibular molar distalization were analyzed. The treatment effects and amount of distalization of the mandibular molars were calculated and tested for statistical significance...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Mihee Hong, Yoon-Ah Kook, Myeng-Ki Kim, Jae-Il Lee, Hong-Gee Kim, Seung-Hak Baek
OBJECTIVE: Given the considerable disagreement between the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index and the American Board of Orthodontics Cast-Radiograph Evaluation, we aimed to develop a novel assessment system-the Improvement and Completion of Outcome (ICO) index-to evaluate the outcome of orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Sixteen criteria from 4 major categories were established to represent the pretreatment malocclusion status, as well as the degree of improvement and level of completion of outcome during/after treatment: dental relationship (arch length discrepancy, irregularity, U1-SN, and IMPA); anteroposterior relationship (overjet, right and left molar position, ANB); vertical relationship (anterior overbite, anterior open-bite, lateral open-bite, SN-MP); and transverse relationship (dental midline discrepancy, chin point deviation, posterior cross-bite, occlusal plane cant)...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Sung-Hwan Choi, Seong-Jin Kim, Kee-Joon Lee, Sang-Jin Sung, Youn-Sic Chun, Chung-Ju Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze stress distributions in the roots, periodontal ligaments (PDLs), and bones around cylindrical and tapered miniscrews inserted at different angles using a finite element analysis. METHODS: We created a three-dimensional (3D) maxilla model of a dentition with extracted first premolars and used 2 types of miniscrews (tapered and cylindrical) with 1.45-mm diameters and 8-mm lengths. The miniscrews were inserted at 30°, 60°, and 90° angles with respect to the bone surface...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Hyo-Won Ahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Abdullah M Aldrees
The incorporation of technological advances in the field of clinical orthodontics to increase treatment efficiency has led to the development of customized appliances (Insignia®), archwires (Suresmile®), and the production of devices to enhance tooth movement (Acceledent®). This review presents a comprehensive study of the literature concerning these products, and analyzes the available evidence of their efficiency. To date, one pilot study has evaluated the efficiency of the Insignia® system, three retrospective studies have assessed the efficiency of the Suresmile® system, and a few Acceledent® reports have described its effect on treatment time...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Fazal Shahid, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to generate new prediction equations for the estimation of maxillary and mandibular canine and premolar widths based on mandibular incisors and first permanent molar widths. METHODS: A total of 2,340 calculations (768 based on the sum of mandibular incisor and first permanent molar widths, and 1,572 based on the maxillary and mandibular canine and premolar widths) were performed, and a digital stereomicroscope was used to derive the the digital models and measurements...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Youngju Park, Youngserk Cho, James Mah, Janghoon Ahn
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate a simple method for assessing anterior-posterior jaw relationships via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken in the natural head position (NHP) relative to the nasion true vertical plane (NTVP), and measure normative data in Korean adults with normal profiles. METHODS: Subjects were selected from patients presenting for third molar extraction and evaluated as having normal profiles by three examiners...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Sung-Hwan Choi, Young-Hoon Kim, Kee-Joon Lee, Chung-Ju Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether labial tooth inclination and alveolar bone loss affect the moment per unit of force (Mt/F) in controlled tipping and consequent stresses on the periodontal ligament (PDL). METHODS: Three-dimensional models (n = 20) of maxillary central incisors were created with different labial inclinations (5°, 10°, 15°, and 20°) and different amounts of alveolar bone loss (0, 2, 4, and 6 mm). The Mt/F necessary for controlled tipping (Mt/Fcont) and the principal stresses on the PDL were calculated for each model separately in a finite element analysis...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
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