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Korean Journal of Orthodontics

Jong Moon Jung, Young Joo Wi, Hyun Mo Koo, Min Ji Kim, Youn Sic Chun
The purpose of this article is to introduce a simple appliance that uses a setup model and a nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) wire for correcting the mesial rotation and drift of the permanent maxillary first molar. The technique involves bonding a Ni-Ti wire to the proper position of the target tooth on a setup model, followed by the fabrication of the transfer cap for indirect bonding and its transfer to the patient's teeth. This appliance causes less discomfort and provides better oral hygiene for the patients than do conventional appliances such as the bracket, pendulum, and distal jet...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Han-Sol Song, Sung-Hwan Choi, Jung-Yul Cha, Kee-Joon Lee, Hyung-Seog Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate transverse skeletal and dental changes, including those in the buccolingual dental axis, between patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and facial asymmetry after bilateral intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy with and without presurgical orthodontic treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study included 29 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and facial asymmetry including menton deviation > 4 mm from the midsagittal plane...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Stephanie Maritza Anderson, Hoi-Jeong Lim, Ki-Beom Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Su-Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the craniofacial patterns of Korean children with snoring and adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) could be categorized into characteristic clusters according to age. METHODS: We enrolled 236 children with snoring and ATH (age range, 5-12 years) in this study. They were subdivided into four age groups: 5-6, 7-8, 9-10, and 11-12 years. Based on cephalometric analysis, the sagittal and vertical skeletal patterns of each individual were divided into Class I, II, and III, as well as the normodivergent, hypodivergent, and hyperdivergent patterns, respectively...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Soon-Dong Yun, Sung-Hwan Choi, Jung-Yul Cha, Hyung-Seog Yu, Kwang-Mahn Kim, Jin Kim, Chung-Ju Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare recycled and unused orthodontic miniscrews to determine the feasibility of reuse. The comparisons included both miniscrews with machined surfaces (MS), and those with etched surfaces (ES). METHODS: Retrieved MS and ES were further divided into three subgroups according to the assigned recycling procedure: group A, air-water spray; group B, mechanical cleaning; and group C, mechanical and chemical cleaning. Unused screws were used as controls...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Hae Won Choi, Young Seok Park, Shin Hye Chung, Min Ho Jung, Won Moon, Sang Hoon Rhee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the initial stability as insertion and removal torque and the clinical applicability of novel orthodontic zirconia micro-implants made using a powder injection molding (PIM) technique with those parameters in conventional titanium micro-implants. METHODS: Sixty zirconia and 60 titanium micro-implants of similar design (diameter, 1.6 mm; length, 8.0 mm) were inserted perpendicularly in solid polyurethane foam with varying densities of 20 pounds per cubic foot (pcf), 30 pcf, and 40 pcf...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Hwa-Jin Lee, Sung-Jin Kim, Kee-Joon Lee, Hyung-Seog Yu, Hyoung-Seon Baik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate soft- and hard-tissue changes in the mandibular angle area after the administration of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection to patients with masseteric hypertrophy by using three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (3D-CBCT). METHODS: Twenty volunteers were randomly divided into two groups of 10 patients. Patients in group I received a single BoNT-A injection in both masseter muscles, while those in group II received two BoNT-A injections in each masseter muscle, with the second injection being administered 4 months after the first one...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Yoonji Kim
OBJECTIVE: This questionnaire study aimed to estimate the overall frequencies of positive perception towards orthodontic treatment among adults categorized according to age, sex, and area of living, and to identify barriers or negative perceptions preventing them from receiving orthodontic treatment. METHODS: The participants included 598 adults aged over 20 years (230 men and 368 women) who visited the Dental Hospital of Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. The participants' opinions regarding their consideration of receiving orthodontic treatment were recorded using a specially designed questionnaire...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Seung-Youp Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Kyoung Yeon Kim, Hyo-Won Ahn, Seong-Hun Kim, Gerald Nelson
The popularity of clear overlay retainers (CORs) has increased recently because of their advantages such as better esthetics, cost effectiveness, easy fabrication, and good compliance. However, a deficiency in posterior occlusal settling is a reported limitation of CORs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the posterior occlusal contact changes in a new type of clear orthodontic retainer called Oral-treaper (OTP), which consists of three layers and has stronger mechanical characteristics than do conventional retainers...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Kyung-A Kim, Ji-Won Lee, Jeong-Ho Park, Byoung-Ho Kim, Hyo-Won Ahn, Su-Jung Kim
Facial asymmetry can be classified into the rolling-dominant type (R-type), translation-dominant type (T-type), yawing-dominant type (Y-type), and atypical type (A-type) based on the distorted skeletal components that cause canting, translation, and yawing of the maxilla and/or mandible. Each facial asymmetry type represents dentoalveolar compensations in three dimensions that correspond to the main skeletal discrepancies. To obtain sufficient surgical correction, it is necessary to analyze the main skeletal discrepancies contributing to the facial asymmetry and then the skeletal-dental relationships in the maxilla and mandible separately...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Joseph Safwat Antoun, William Murray Thomson, Tony Raymond Merriman, Roberto Rongo, Mauro Farella
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and self-reported jaw function between patients with hyperdivergent and normodivergent facial types. METHODS: Eighty patients with a distinctively hyperdivergent facial type (mandibular plane angle greater than 2 standard deviations, or 42°) and 80 controls were individually matched according to age, sex, ethnicity, and treatment stage. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires such as the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and Jaw Functional Limitation Scale (JFLS-8)...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Yeşim Kaya, Özer Alkan, Sıddık Keskin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of gingival thickness (GT) and the width of keratinized gingiva (WKG) with different malocclusion groups and the level of crowding. METHODS: A total of 187 periodontally healthy subjects (121 females and 66 males) who presented at the Faculty of Dentistry in Yüzüncü Yıl University for orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study. The individuals involved in the study were divided into three groups; Angle Class I malocclusion, Angle Class II malocclusion, and Angle Class III malocclusion...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Yun-Jin Koo, Sung-Hwan Choi, Byeong-Tak Keum, Hyung-Seog Yu, Chung-Ju Hwang, Birte Melsen, Kee-Joon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences in maxillomandibular transverse measurements at either the crown or the estimated center of resistance (CR), and to compare values between normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion groups. METHODS: Dental casts and computed tomography (CT) data from 30 individuals with normal occlusion and 30 with skeletal Class III malocclusions were evaluated. Using the casts, dental arch widths (DAWs) were measured from the cusp tips, and basal arch widths (BAWs-cast) were measured as the distance between the points at the mucogingival junction adjacent to the respective cusp tips...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Ji-Yong Kim, Won-Jae Yu, Prasad N K Koteswaracc, Hee-Moon Kyung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how bracket slot size affects the direction of maxillary anterior tooth movement when en-masse retraction is performed in sliding mechanics using an induction-heating typodont simulation system. METHODS: An induction-heating typodont simulation system was designed based on the Calorific Machine system. The typodont included metal anterior and resin posterior teeth embedded in a sticky wax arch. Three bracket slot groups (0.018, 0.020, and 0...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Jungin Bae, Woo-Sung Son, Seong-Sik Kim, Soo-Byung Park, Yong-Il Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in masticatory efficiency among patients with different Angle's classes of malocclusion and to assess the correlation between masticatory efficiency and the occlusal contact area. METHODS: The mixing ability index (MAI) was calculated for measuring masticatory efficiency of 61 adult patients according to Angle's classifications of malocclusion. The study included 25, 15, and 21 patients with Angle's Class I, II, and III malocclusions, respectively...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Jung-Sub An
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Sung-Ja Kang, Hyun-Hee Kim, Hyeon-Shik Hwang, Kyung-Min Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate immediate changes in the mandibular dentition after maxillary molar distalization using headgear in non-growing patients. Sixteen patients (mean age, 18.9 ± 2.0 years) with Class II molar relationship and crowding were included in the present study. To correct the molar relationship, headgear was used for maxillary molar distalization. Cone-beam computed tomography-generated half-cephalograms (CG Cephs) and dental casts were used to evaluate dental changes for each subject before and immediately after molar distalization using headgear...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Michele Cassetta, Federica Altieri, Stefano Pandolfi, Matteo Giansanti
The aim of this case report was to describe an innovative orthodontic treatment method that combined surgical and orthodontic techniques. The novel method was used to achieve a positive result in a case of moderate crowding by employing a computer-guided piezocision procedure followed by the use of clear aligners. A 23-year-old woman had a malocclusion with moderate crowding. Her periodontal indices, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and treatment time were evaluated. The treatment included interproximal corticotomy cuts extending through the entire thickness of the cortical layer, without a full-thickness flap reflection...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Erdal Bozkaya, Alime Sema Yüksel, Süleyman Bozkaya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of facemask therapy, which was anchored from the zygomatic buttresses of the maxilla by using two miniplates, in skeletal Class III patients with maxillary deficiency. METHODS: Eighteen skeletal Class III patients (10 girls and 8 boys; mean age, 11.4 ± 1.28 years) with maxillary deficiency were treated using miniplate-anchored facemasks, and their outcomes were compared with those of a Class III control group (9 girls and 9 boys; mean age, 10...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Jin-Young Choi, Taeyun Kim, Hyung-Mo Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Il-Sik Cho, Seung-Hak Baek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of frontal facial type (FFT) and sex on preferred chin projection (CP) in three-dimensional (3D) facial images. METHODS: Six 3D facial images were acquired using a 3D facial scanner (euryprosopic [Eury-FFT], mesoprosopic [Meso-FFT], and leptoprosopic [Lepto-FFT] for each sex). After normal CP in each 3D facial image was set to 10° of the facial profile angle (glabella-subnasale-pogonion), CPs were morphed by gradations of 2° from normal (moderately protrusive [6°], slightly protrusive [8°], slightly retrusive [12°], and moderately retrusive [14°])...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
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