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Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038892/transient-cortical-blindness-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-after-postpartum-eclampsia
#1
Antonio Sesar, Ivan Cavar, Anita Pusic Sesar, Irena Sesar
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical condition that can cause different ophthalmological and neurological symptoms. Preeclampsia toxemia or eclampsia is one of the leading causes of PRES. Herein, we present a study of a 35-year old woman who gave birth to healthy twins at 35 weeks of gestation by cesarean section because of threatened preterm delivery. On the 1st postoperative day, the woman developed a severe headache, arterial hypertension, tachycardia, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and loss of consciousness that persisted for about 2 min...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038891/oculomotor-palsy-as-a-single-presenting-sign-of-midbrain-hemorrhage
#2
Chia-Yi Lee, Hung-Chi Chen, Hung-Yu Lin, Ling-Yuh Kao
We report a case presenting with bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) resulting from a midbrain hemorrhage. The patient visited the ophthalmological clinic due to the sudden onset of horizontal diplopia for a week. Bilateral ONP spared the left eye levator and bilateral pupils were found while the remaining results of examinations were unremarkable. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging revealed a midbrain hemorrhage. Mono-ocular occlusion was arranged, and the patient was referred to a neurologist for further management...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038890/choroidal-metastasis-from-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Shin-Yu Chang, Shawn H Tsai, Lee-Jen Chen, Wei-Chun Chan, Yeou-Ping Tsao
We presented a rare case of a sole choroidal metastatic tumor from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) without other organ metastasis in Taiwan. A 43-year-old male with ESCC was referred for a 1-month history of decreased vision in his left eye. A 5.7 mm thick, yellow choroidal tumor occupied posterior pole, featured with pinpoint hyperfluorescence on angiography and subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography. Positron emission tomography showed a singular hypermetabolic focus in the left eye. The tumor regressed with complete response and the vision preserved after radiation with total 57...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038889/investigation-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-c677t-and-factor-v-leiden-mutation-as-a-genetic-marker-for-retinal-vein-occlusion
#4
Nitin Nema, Sonam Verma, Ravindra Kumar
PURPOSE: Thromboembolic phenomenon is one of the causes of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) which is in fact a multifactorial disease. Therefore, we aimed to study methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphism (MTHFR C677T) and factor V Leiden as genetic risk factors of RVO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 (19 males and 31 females) cases of RVO were compared with 50 age- and sex-matched (21 males and 29 females) controls. Complete ocular examination was done for all samples...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038888/accuracy-of-biometry-using-automated-and-manual-keratometry-for-intraocular-lens-power-calculation
#5
Lubna Khan, Babita Sharma, Harshal Gupta, Rimpi Rana
INTRODUCTION: A comparison of precision of intraocular implant power calculation by computing keratometry values by two different methods, namely, the automated and manual keratometry (MK), was done. For checking this accuracy, the parameter taken into consideration was the absolute refractive error which was ascertained postoperatively. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences and PG Institute, Indore...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038887/evaluating-resource-for-cataract-surgical-services-in-kebbi-nigeria
#6
K Monsudi Fasasi, Abdulkabir Ayansiji Ayanniyi
CONTEXT: Cataract is the most common cause of blindness worldwide. Meeting World Health Organization Vision 2020 cataract surgical rate target for Africa remains a dream. Inadequate resource to deliver quality cataract services is burdensome. AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the resource for cataract services in Kebbi, Nigeria. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive and analytic cross-sectional study using a quantitative questionnaire...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038886/the-relationship-between-optic-atrophy-1-polymorphism-and-normal-tension-glaucoma-in-taiwan
#7
Yan-Ting Chen, San-Ni Chen, Chin-San Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the relationship between of optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) polymorphism and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) by surveying patients from central Taiwan. This study finding could help us to understand the impact of OPA1 polymorphism on glaucoma. METHODS: We try to identify the effect of OPA1 polymorphism by comparing the clinical presentation in three catalogs of gene polymorphism in patients with NTG. Our research team includes patients with NTG from central Taiwan and assesses the OPA1 intervening sequence 8 (IVS8) + 4 C->T and IVS8 + 32 T->C polymorphism...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038885/glaucoma-suspects-a-practical-approach
#8
REVIEW
Syed Shoeb Ahmad
Glaucoma suspects are controversial clinical dilemmas. These individuals harbor certain risk factors or demonstrate some clinical features suggestive of an increased probability to develop glaucomatous optic atrophy in the future. These characteristics range from high intraocular pressure; optic disc, visual field, or retinal nerve fiber layer abnormalities; or abnormal angles to a positive family history of glaucoma and other risk factors. Individuals having these characteristics should be assessed diligently before a diagnosis of glaucoma is made...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038884/update-on-ocular-myasthenia-gravis-in-taiwan
#9
REVIEW
Chao-Wen Lin, Ta-Ching Chen, Jieh-Ren Jou, Lin-Chung Woung
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease involving the neuromuscular junction. Autoantibodies to the acetylcholine receptor or, less frequently, to muscle-specific kinase, attack against the postsynaptic junctional proteins, resulting in fluctuating and variable weakness of muscles. Extraocular, levator palpebrae superioris, and orbicularis oculi muscles are particularly susceptible. The majority of patients with MG present with purely ocular symptoms including ptosis and diplopia initially. About half of these patients progress to generalized disease within 2 years...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038883/neovascular-glaucoma-handling-in-the-future
#10
REVIEW
Hongfang Yang, Xiaobo Yu, Xinghuai Sun
Neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which is refractory to both medical management and surgical intervention, is a disastrous ocular disease for it always ends up with intolerable pain and extinguishing patients' residual visual function. Since insufficient acknowledge of the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms of NVG, it has been laying a challenging dilemma of managing NVG in clinical practice for a long time. Along with the progression on some new agents and surgical options targeting certain possible roles in the NVG process, there seems having been some new sights but still much unknown and to be revealed...
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038882/challenges-in-glaucoma-treatments
#11
EDITORIAL
Mei Lan Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676405/reply-to-comment-on-ocular-manifestations-of-sickle-cell-disease-and-genetic-susceptibility-for-refractive-errors
#12
COMMENT
Palak Shukla, Henu Verma, Santosh Patel, P K Patra, L V K S Bhaskar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675352/ocular-manifestations-of-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675351/ocular-injuries-after-bungee-jumping-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Min-Tsang Hsieh, I-Ting Sun, Chih-Hsin Chen
We report a case of ocular injury after bungee jumping. A 29-year-old woman presented with bilateral subconjunctival hemorrhage and periorbital petechiae after bungee jumping. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes. Ocular examinations revealed no other intraocular hemorrhages. She received conservative treatment. One week later, the subconjunctival hemorrhage and periorbital petechiae resolved spontaneously. Her vision remained stable, and no detectable ocular complications were found during the follow-up...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675350/postoperative-intraocular-lens-opacification
#15
Shang-Te Ma, Chung-May Yang, Yu-Chih Hou
Intraocular lens (IOL) opacification is rare but may occur after non-Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (n-DSAEK) or intravitreal air injection after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). We reported two cases of IOL opacification within the pupillary region. Chart was retrospectively reviewed. The predisposing factors and the visual acuity were analyzed. The opacification was evaluated by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). A 68-year-old healthy woman with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy underwent uneventful n-DSAEK in the right eye...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675349/primary-ductal-adenocarcinoma-of-lacrimal-gland-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Hsin-Yu Yang, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Chieh-Chih Tsai, Wei-Kuang Yu, Shu-Ching Kao, Catherine Jui-Ling Liu
A 64-year-old male presented with progressive proptosis of the left eye for 3 months. Orbital computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a 3.9 cm infiltrative mass over the superotemporal quadrant of the left orbit. Pathology of biopsy revealed a ductal adenocarcinoma of lacrimal gland with positive immunohistochemical staining for androgen receptor (AR), cytokeratin-7 (CK7), and gross cystic disease fluid protein 15 (GCDFP-15). The patient received orbital exenteration and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. No recurrence or metastasis was noted 27 months after treatment...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675348/clinical-histopathology-of-intrachoroidal-splitting-in-open-globe-injury-a-retrospective-case-series-of-four-patients
#17
Liang Han, Yen-Ling Cho, Zhizhong Ma, Xinrong Zhao, Xin Chang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to observe the characteristics of intrachoroidal splitting (ICS) associated with choroidal detachment due to open-globe injury. METHODS: A retrospective, observational case series study of four eyes diagnosed with choroidal detachment exhibited ICS. The in vivo pathologic changes of the ICS were recorded during surgery. Four specimens were obtained from the inner part of the ICS region. One specimen was stained with hematoxylin and eosin; one specimen was examined under scanning electron microscopy, and the other two specimens were examined under transmission electron microscopy...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675347/anisometropia-and-refractive-status-in-children-with-unilateral-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#18
Adnan Aslam Saleem, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Umair Wakeel, Muhammad Asif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the refractive status and thereby assess anisometropia in children with unilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). STUDY DESIGN: This study design was a descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION: this study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismology, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi; from August 2013 to July 2014. METHODOLOGY: This study assessed consecutive children with unilateral CNLDO...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675346/factors-affecting-surgical-outcome-of-intermittent-exotropia
#19
Chee-Ming Lee, Ming-Hui Sun, Ling-Yuh Kao, Ken-Kuo Lin, Meng-Ling Yang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting surgical outcome in intermittent exotropia. DESIGNS: This was a retrospective interventional study. METHODS: Intermittent exotropic patients who had undergone surgical correction with a postoperative follow-up period of 1 month or more were included in the study. Surgical success was defined as an alignment between 10 prism diopters (PD) of exotropia or 5 PD of esotropia at 1 month...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675345/comparison-of-endoscopic-and-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-treatment-of-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#20
Pei-Yuan Su
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rates of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) and external DCR (EX-DCR) for the treatment of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANLDO). DESIGN: This was a retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized clinical study. METHODS: Reviewed medical records of PANLDO underwent DCR at Far-Eastern Memorial Hospital from May 2011 to June 2017. Data regarding the lacrimal passage system, comorbidities, surgical outcomes, and postoperative complications were analyzed...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
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