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RSC Advances

Joydeb Mandal, R S Varunprasaath, Wenqing Yan, Mohammad Divandari, Nicholas D Spencer, Matthias Dübner
An investigation of the polymerisation of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) by means of surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerisation (SI-ATRP) has been carried out in situ using a quartz crystal microbalance, with multiple reinitiations under continuous flow of the reaction mixture. The SI-ATRP kinetics of HEMA were studied continuously by means of changes in the frequency, varying conditions including temperature and solvent composition, as well as monomer and catalyst concentrations, showing the influence of key reaction parameters on SI-ATRP kinetics...
June 3, 2018: RSC Advances
Kokkarachedu Varaprasad, Dariela Nunez, Murali Mohan Yallapu, Tippabattini Jayaramudu, Elizabeth Elgueta, Patricio Oyarzun
Herein, two kinds of nano-hydroxyapatite were synthesized from Clam and Magellan shell by wet chemical precipitation method. Mainly, carboxymethyl cellulose/acrylamide/nano-hydroxyapatite composite hydrogels were developed via a free-radical polymerization process and investigated as a sorbent for Acid Blue 113 (AB) from aqueous AB solution. The swelled and kinetic behaviours of hydrogels were investigated using a gravimetric method. The swelling properties of the CMC-AM-hydrogels were influenced by the calcium electrolytes (Ca2+ ) content in nano-hydroxyapatites...
May 16, 2018: RSC Advances
Edyta Niezabitowska, Jessica Smith, Mark R Prestly, Riaz Akhtar, Felix W von Aulock, Yan Lavallée, Hanene Ali-Boucetta, Tom O McDonald
The geometries and surface properties of nanocarriers greatly influence the interaction between nanomaterials and living cells. In this work we combine multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) to produce non-spherical nanocomposites with high aspect ratios by using a facile emulsion solvent evaporation method. Particles were characterised by dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and asymmetric flow field flow fractionation (AF4)...
May 7, 2018: RSC Advances
Caroline Kearney, Lukasz T Olenginski, Trexler D Hirn, Gwendolyn D Fowler, Daniyal Tariq, Scott H Brewer, Christine M Phillips-Piro
The vibrational reporter unnatural amino acid (UAA) 4-cyano-l-phenylalanine (pCNF) was genetically incorporated individually at three sites (5, 36, and 78) in the heme protein Caldanaerobacter subterraneus H-NOX to probe local hydration environments. The UAA pCNF was incorporated site-specifically using an engineered, orthogonal tRNA synthetase in E. coli . The ability of all of the pCNF-containing H-NOX proteins to form the ferrous CO, NO, or O2 ligated and unligated states was confirmed with UV-Vis spectroscopy...
April 9, 2018: RSC Advances
Liandong Jing, Yanbo Tang, Masuo Goto, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Zhiyan Xiao
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are pivotal kinases in cell cycle transition and gene transcription. A series of N 2 , N 4 -diphenylpyrimidine-2,4-diamines were previously identified as potent CDK2/CDK9 inhibitors. To explore the SAR of this structural prototype, twenty-four novel N 2 , N 4 -disubstituted pyrimidine-2,4-diamines were designed and synthesized. Among them, twenty-one compounds exhibited potent inhibitory activities against both CDK2/cyclin A and CDK9/cyclin T1 systems, and the most potent CDK2 and CDK9 inhibitors, 3g and 3c , showed IC50 values of 83 nM and 65 nM respectively...
April 2, 2018: RSC Advances
Zewdu M Gebeyehu, Aloïs Arrighi, Marius V Costache, Clivia M Sotomayor-Torres, Maria J Esplandiu, Sergio O Valenzuela
Exposing graphene to a hydrogen post-etching process yields dendritic graphene shapes. Here, we demonstrate that similar dendritic structures can be achieved at long growth times without adding hydrogen externally. These shapes are not a result of a surface diffusion controlled growth but of the competing backward reaction (etching), which dominates the growth dynamics at long times due to an in situ rise in the hydrogen partial pressure. We have performed a systematic study on the growth of graphene as a function of time to identify the onset and gradual evolution of graphene shapes caused by etching and then demonstrated that the etching can be stopped by reducing the flow of hydrogen from the feed...
February 22, 2018: RSC Advances
Roland Thuenauer, Simon Nicklaus, Marco Frensch, Kevin Troendle, Josef Madl, Winfried Römer
A key factor determining the fate of individual cells within an epithelium is the unique microenvironment that surrounds each cell. It regulates location-dependent differentiation into specific cellular sub-types, but, on the other hand, a disturbed microenvironment can promote malignant transformation of epithelial cells leading to cancer formation. Here, we present a tool based on a microfluidic biochip that enables novel research approaches by providing a means to control the basolateral microenvironment of a confined number of neighbouring cells within an epithelial monolayer...
February 19, 2018: RSC Advances
Alexandra Iordachescu, Philippa Hulley, Liam M Grover
Nanovesicles, exosomes and other membrane bound particles excreted by cells are currently gaining research attention since they have been shown to play a significant role in many biologically related processes. Vesicles are now thought to mediate cellular communication, transmission of some diseases and pathologically mediated calcification. Matrix vesicles have long been proposed to be central to the controlled mineralisation of bone. They remain relatively poorly studied, however, since they are challenging to extract from biological media...
February 13, 2018: RSC Advances
Muhammad Waqas Khalid, Rajib Ahmed, Ali K Yetisen, Haider Butt
Optical sensors for detecting temperature and strain play a crucial role in the analysis of environmental conditions and real-time remote sensing. However, the development of a single optical device that can sense temperature and strain simultaneously remains a challenge. Here, a flexible corner cube retroreflector (CCR) array based on passive dual optical sensing (temperature and strain) is demonstrated. A mechanical embossing process was utilised to replicate a three-dimensional (3D) CCR array in a soft flexible polymer film...
February 13, 2018: RSC Advances
Arantxa Fernandes, Robert F Moran, Scott Sneddon, Daniel M Dawson, David McKay, Giulia P M Bignami, Frédéric Blanc, Karl R Whittle, Sharon E Ashbrook
The potential of 17 O NMR spectroscopy for the investigation of A2 B2 O7 ceramic oxides important in the encapsulation of radioactive waste is demonstrated, with post-synthetic enrichment by exchange with 17 O2 gas. For Y2 Sn2 O7 , Y2 Ti2 O7 and La2 Sn2 O7 pyrochlores, enrichment of the two distinct O species is clearly non quantitative at lower temperatures (∼700 °C and below) and at shorter times, despite these being used in prior work, with preferential enrichment of OA2 B2 favoured over that of OA4 ...
February 13, 2018: RSC Advances
N Ganot, E Y Tshuva
Advanced anticancer phenolato titanium(iv) complexes were combined with known chemotherapeutic anticancer drugs applied in the clinic and were analyzed in vitro on cell lines most sensitive to the Ti(iv) complex and relevant to the clinical application of the known drugs. Combination of the Ti(iv) complex with cisplatin on ovarian cells showed mostly an additive behavior, also on a line resistant to cisplatin. Combination of the Ti(iv) complex with fluorouracil on colon cells gave near additive behavior, and that with oxaliplatin gave a synergistic behavior at a wide range of Ti : Pt ratios, but only when the drugs were administered together...
February 5, 2018: RSC Advances
Khang Hoang, Myungkeun Oh, Yongki Choi
Transition-metal tungstates MWO4 (M = Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) have applications in many areas, including supercapacitors. A good understanding of the electronic structure is essential to understanding their functional properties. Here, we report a first-principles study of the materials using hybrid density-functional calculations. The electronic structure is analyzed with a focus on the nature of the electronic states near the band edges. We find that hole polarons can form at the Co lattice site in CoWO4 and the O site in NiWO4 , CuWO4 , and ZnWO4 , resulting in the formation of Co3+ in the former and O- in the latter...
January 23, 2018: RSC Advances
Shou-Min Bai, Qiong Wang, Xiao-Li Yu, Ting Chen, Jin Yang, Jun-Tian Shi, Robert Yl Tsai, Hai Huang
Neural stem cells (NSCs) exhibit preferential homing toward some types of brain lesion, but their migratory property during radiation brain injury (RBI) remains unexplored. Here, we use the superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to determine the migration of transplanted NSCs in two partial RBI models in real time , created by administering 30-55 Gy of radiation to the right or posterior half of the adult rat brain. SPIO-labeled NSCs were stereotactically grafted into the uninjured side one week after RBI...
2018: RSC Advances
Jacopo Marino, Reto Walser, Martin Poms, Oliver Zerbe
Cotranslational protein folding is a vectorial process, and for membrane proteins, N-terminal helical segments are the first that become available for membrane insertion. While structures of many G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) in various states have been determined, the details of their folding pathways are largely unknown. The seven transmembrane (TM) helices of GPCRs often contain polar residues within the hydrophobic core, and some of the helices in isolation are predicted to be only marginally stable in a membrane environment...
2018: RSC Advances
Akop Yepremyan, Arshad Mehmood, Samantha Brewer, Madalyn M Barnett, Benjamin G Janesko, Giridhar Akkaraju, Eric E Simanek, Kayla N Green
Interests in inorganic applications of triazines is growing. In this report, metal complexes of copper(II), nickel(II), and zinc(II) and a novel class of chelates comprising a triazine ring substituted with a hydrazine group and pyralozone are evaluated using spectrophotometric methods, single crystal X-ray diffractometry, and electrochemistry. Complexes with copper(II) include a single chelate and two chloride atoms to satisfy a trigonal bipryamidal coordination sphere. The nickel(II) and zinc(II) complexes are comprised of two chelating groups that adopt an octahedral geometry around the metal ion...
2018: RSC Advances
Emanuela Cavatorta, Jens Voskuhl, Dorothee Wasserberg, Jenny Brinkmann, Jurriaan Huskens, Pascal Jonkheijm
Supramolecular amphiphiles, consisting of ternary complexes of cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]), an alkylated paraquat derivative and a tetraethylene glycol-functionalized azobenzene, self-assemble into vesicles of about 200 nm in diameter. The outer surface of the vesicles was functionalized with cell-targeting ligands. These vesicles were employed for loading and delivery of proteins into cells. Supramolecular amphiphile-derived vesicles show great promise as nanocarriers of functional molecules to be transferred into cells...
November 29, 2017: RSC Advances
Magdalena Bajgrowicz-Cieslak, Yousef Alqurashi, Mohamed Ismail Elshereif, Ali K Yetisen, Muhammad Umair Hassan, Haider Butt
Continuous glucose monitoring aims to achieve accurate control of blood glucose concentration to prevent hypo/hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients. Hydrogel-based systems have emerged as a reusable sensing platform to quantify biomarkers in high-risk patients at clinical and point-of-care settings. The capability to integrate hydrogel-based systems with optical transducers will provide quantitative and colorimetric measurements via spectrophotometric analyses of biomarkers. Here, we created an imprinting method to rapidly produce 2...
November 25, 2017: RSC Advances
Anna Regiel-Futyra, Małgorzata Kus-Liśkiewicz, Victor Sebastian, Silvia Irusta, Manuel Arruebo, Agnieszka Kyzioł, Grażyna Stochel
Severe bacterial and fungal infections have become a major clinical and public health concern. Nowadays, additional efforts are needed to develop effective antimicrobial materials that are not harmful to human cells. This work describes the synthesis and characterization of chitosan-ascorbic acid-silver nanocomposites as films exhibiting high antimicrobial activity and non-cytotoxicity towards human cells. The reductive and stabilizing activity of both the biocompatible polymer chitosan and ascorbic acid were used in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)...
November 14, 2017: RSC Advances
Cigdem Altintas, Seda Keskin
Metal organic framework (MOF) membranes have been widely investigated for gas separation applications. Several MOFs have been recently examined for selective separation of C2 H6 . Considering the large number of available MOFs, it is not possible to fabricate and test the C2 H6 separation performance of every single MOF membrane using purely experimental methods. In this study, we used molecular simulations to assess the membrane-based C2 H6 /C2 H4 and C2 H6 /CH4 separation performances of 175 different MOF structures...
November 11, 2017: RSC Advances
Maria Iris Tsionou, Caroline E Knapp, Calum A Foley, Catherine R Munteanu, Andrew Cakebread, Cinzia Imberti, Thomas R Eykyn, Jennifer D Young, Brett M Paterson, Philip J Blower, Michelle T Ma
Gallium-68 (68 Ga) is a positron-emitting isotope used for clinical PET imaging of peptide receptor expression. 68 Ga radiopharmaceuticals used in molecular PET imaging consist of disease-targeting biomolecules tethered to chelators that complex 68 Ga3+ . Ideally, the chelator will rapidly, quantitatively and stably coordinate 68 Ga3+ at room temperature, near neutral pH and low chelator concentration, allowing for simple routine radiopharmaceutical formulation. Identification of chelators that fulfil these requirements will facilitate development of kit-based 68 Ga radiopharmaceuticals...
October 24, 2017: RSC Advances
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