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Advanced Healthcare Materials

Suzanne M Mithieux, Behnaz Aghaei-Ghareh-Bolagh, Leping Yan, Kekini V Kuppan, Yiwei Wang, Francia Garces-Suarez, Zhe Li, Peter K Maitz, Elizabeth A Carter, Christina Limantoro, Wojciech Chrzanowski, David Cookson, Alan Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, Clair Baldock, Kosuke Ohgo, Kristin K Kumashiro, Glenn Edwards, Anthony S Weiss
A novel, pure, synthetic material is presented that promotes the repair of full-thickness skin wounds. The active component is tropoelastin and leverages its ability to promote new blood vessel formation and its cell recruiting properties to accelerate wound repair. Key to the technology is the use of a novel heat-based, stabilized form of human tropoelastin which allows for tunable resorption. This implantable material contributes a tailored insert that can be shaped to the wound bed, where it hydrates to form a conformable protein hydrogel...
February 16, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Joseph Christakiran Moses, Samit Kumar Nandi, Biman B Mandal
The successful regeneration of large volume bone defects necessitates the use of proangiogenic and resorbable scaffolding matrix. Impaired and slow ingrowth of host vasculature within implanted grafts greatly compromises its effective osseointegration. By addressing this, it is demonstrated that the use of copper doped bioactive glass functionalizes silk microfiber reinforcements to improve the physicochemical and osteoinductive properties of two silk scaffolding matrices (mulberry Bombyx mori and non-mulberry Antheraea assama) employed in the study...
February 14, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ting-Yu Shih, Serena O Blacklow, Aileen W Li, Benjamin R Freedman, Sidi Bencherif, Sandeep T Koshy, Max C Darnell, David J Mooney
A covalently crosslinked methacrylated (MA)-alginate cryogel vaccine has been previously shown to generate a potent response against murine melanoma, but is not mechanically robust and requires a large 16G needle for delivery. Here, covalent and ionic crosslinking of cryogels are combined with the hypothesis that this will result in a tough MA-alginate cryogel with improved injectability. All tough cryogels can be injected through a smaller, 18G needle without sustaining any damage, while covalently crosslinked-only cryogels break after injection...
February 14, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jianyu Li, Eckhard Weber, Sabine Guth-Gundel, Michael Schuleit, Andreas Kuttler, Christine Halleux, Nathalie Accart, Arno Doelemeyer, Anne Basler, Bruno Tigani, Kuno Wuersch, Mara Fornaro, Michaela Kneissel, Alexander Stafford, Benjamin R Freedman, David J Mooney
Hydrogels are under active development for controlled drug delivery, but their clinical translation is limited by low drug loading capacity, deficiencies in mechanical toughness and storage stability, and poor control over the drug release that often results in burst release and short release duration. This work reports a design of composite clay hydrogels, which simultaneously achieve a spectrum of mechanical, storage, and drug loading/releasing properties to address the critical needs from translational perspectives...
February 14, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yijie Chen, Mengchun Chen, Yue Zhang, Joo Hee Lee, Tamara Escajadillo, Hua Gong, Ronnie H Fang, Weiwei Gao, Victor Nizet, Liangfang Zhang
Neutralization of bacterial toxins has become a compelling approach to treating bacterial infections as it may pose less selective pressure for the development of bacterial resistance. Currently, the majority of toxin neutralization platforms act by targeting the molecular structure of the toxin, which requires toxin identification and customized design for different diseases. Therefore, their development has been challenged by the enormous number and complexity of bacterial toxins. Herein, biomimetic toxin nanosponges are formulated by coating membranes of human red blood cells (hRBCs) onto polymeric nanoparticles, which act as a toxin decoy to absorb and neutralize a broad-spectrum of hemolytic toxins regardless of their molecular structure...
February 13, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Shanyue Guan, Di Yang, Yangziwan Weng, Heng Lu, Xiangmin Meng, Xiaozhong Qu, Shuyun Zhou
In this work, a novel ruthenium complex loaded monolayer layered double hydroxide (LDH) (denoted as Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH) as supramolecular nanosensor is synthesized, which is greatly exclusive to the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. The Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH ultrathin sheet displays not only enhanced luminescence lifetime compared to the parent Ru(C-bpy)2 alone, but also improved oxygen responsibility under an excitation of 488 or 800 nm. Moreover, the Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH is possessed of two-photon fluorescence imaging ability under the 800 nm irradiation...
February 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Xiaoxia Han, Ju Huang, Han Lin, Zhigang Wang, Pan Li, Yu Chen
Two-dimensional (2D) MXenes, as a new 2D functional material nanosystem, have been extensively explored for broad applications. However, their specific performance and applications in theranostic nanomedicine have still rarely been explored. This work reports on the drug-delivery performance and synergistic therapeutic efficiency of Ti3 C2 MXenes for highly efficient tumor eradication. These Ti3 C2 MXenes not only possess high drug-loading capability of as high as 211.8%, but also exhibit both pH-responsive and near infrared laser-triggered on-demand drug release...
February 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Asish C Misra, Joerg Lahann
Particulate materials are becoming increasingly used in the literature for medical applications, but translation to the clinical setting has remained challenging as many particle systems face challenges from in vivo barriers. Multicompartmental particles that can incorporate several materials in an individual particle may allow for more intricate control and addressing of issues that otherwise standard particles are unable to. Here, some of the advances made in the use of multicompartmental particles for medical applications are briefly described...
February 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Zongjie Wang, Xian Jin, Zhenlin Tian, Frederic Menard, Jonathan F Holzman, Keekyoung Kim
A direct laser bioprinting (DLBP) system is introduced in this work. The DLBP system applies visible-laser-induced photo-crosslinking at a wavelength of 405 nm using the photoinitiator VA-086. It is shown that such a system can fabricate vertical structures with fine features (less than 50 µm) and high cell viability (greater than 95%). Experimental characterizations and theoretical simulations are presented, and good agreement is seen between the experiments and theory. The DLBP system is applied to the fabrication of (1) cell-laden hydrogel microgrids, (2) hydrogel microwells, as well as a test of (3) cell encapsulation, and (4) cell seeding...
February 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Rachel Williams, Rebecca Lace, Stephnie Kennedy, Kyle Doherty, Hannah Levis
The role of biomaterials in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies to treat vision loss associated with damage to tissues in the anterior segment of the eye has been studied for several years. This has mostly involved replacement and support for the cornea and conjunctiva. These are complex tissues with specific functional requirements for different parts of the tissue. Amniotic membrane (AM) is used in clinical practice to transplant autologous or allogenic cells to the corneal surface. Fibrin gels have also progressed to clinical use under specific conditions...
February 1, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Lucília P da Silva, Amit K Jha, Vitor M Correlo, Alexandra P Marques, Rui L Reis, Kevin E Healy
The survival of a biomaterial or tissue engineered construct is mainly hampered by the deficient microcirculation in its core, and limited nutrients and oxygen availability to the implanted or colonizing host cells. Aiming to address these issues, we herein propose bioresponsive gellan gum (GG) hydrogels that are biodegradable by metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) and enable endothelial cells adhesion and proliferation. GG is chemically functionalized with divinyl sulfone (DVS) and then biofunctionalized with thiol cell-adhesive peptides (T1 or C16) to confer GG endothelial cell biorecognition cues...
February 1, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Hanqing Chen, Ruifang Zhao, Bing Wang, Lingna Zheng, Hong Ouyang, Hailong Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Dan Zhang, Zhifang Chai, Yuliang Zhao, Weiyue Feng
With the increasing production and widespread potential applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), the possible impacts of oral administration of SWCNTs on gastrointestinal tract at currently occupational exposure limits and potential biomedical applications should be concerned. To address the concerns, mice are orally administrated of SWCNTs at doses of 0.05, 0.5, and 2.5 mg kg-1 body weight per day for 7 d. The investigation shows that SWCNT treatment had promoted intestinal injuries at the acute dose of 2...
February 1, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Arti Vashist, Ajeet Kaushik, Atul Vashist, Vidya Sagar, Anujit Ghosal, Y K Gupta, Sharif Ahmad, Madhavan Nair
In spite of significant advancement in hydrogel technology, low mechanical strength and lack of electrical conductivity have limited their next-level biomedical applications for skeletal muscles, cardiac and neural cells. Host-guest chemistry based hybrid nanocomposites systems have gained attention as they completely overcome these pitfalls and generate bioscaffolds with tunable electrical and mechanical characteristics. In recent years, carbon nanotube (CNT)-based hybrid hydrogels have emerged as innovative candidates with diverse applications in regenerative medicines, tissue engineering, drug delivery devices, implantable devices, biosensing, and biorobotics...
February 1, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Hongqing Feng, Chaochao Zhao, Puchuan Tan, Ruping Liu, Xin Chen, Zhou Li
In the past 10 years, the development of nanogenerators (NG) has enabled different systems to operate without external power supply. NG have the ability to harvest the mechanical energies in different forms. Human body motions and activities can also serve as the energy source to drive NG and enable self-powered healthcare system. In this review, a summary of several major actual applications of NG in the biomedical fields is made including the circulatory system, the neural system, cell modulation, microbe disinfection, and biodegradable electronics...
February 1, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Keyin Liu, Zhifeng Shi, Shaoqing Zhang, Zhitao Zhou, Long Sun, Tao Xu, Yeshun Zhang, Guozheng Zhang, Xinxin Li, Liang Chen, Ying Mao, Tiger H Tao
Cranial fixation should be safe, reliable, ideally degradable, and produce no hazardous residues and no artifacts on neuroimaging. Protein-based fixation devices offer an exciting opportunity for this application. Here, the preclinical development and in vivo efficacy verification of a silk cranial fixation system in functional models are reported by addressing key challenges toward clinical use. A comprehensive study on this fixation system in rodent and canine animal models for up to 12 months is carried out...
January 26, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Sang Bong Lee, Young Ju Lee, Sung Jin Cho, Sang Kyoon Kim, Sang-Woo Lee, Jaetae Lee, Dong-Kwon Lim, Yong Hyun Jeon
Dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer immunotherapy requires efficient maturation of DCs and sensitive monitoring of DCs localized in the lymph nodes that activate T cells. This paper reports a robust and simple surface chemistry for highly sensitive and stable radionuclide-embedded gold nanoparticles (Poly-Y-RIe-AuNPs) prepared with oligotyrosine-modified AuNPs with additional Au shell formation as a promising positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging agent. The multiple oligotyrosine binding sites modified on AuNPs provide excellent stability for conjugated radioisotopes by forming an Au shell...
January 26, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jonas C Rose, Laura De Laporte
The worldwide shortage of organs fosters significant advancements in regenerative therapies. Tissue engineering and regeneration aim to supply or repair organs or tissues by combining material scaffolds, biochemical signals, and cells. The greatest challenge entails the creation of a suitable implantable or injectable 3D macroenvironment and microenvironment to allow for ex vivo or in vivo cell-induced tissue formation. This review gives an overview of the essential components of tissue regenerating scaffolds, ranging from the molecular to the macroscopic scale in a hierarchical manner...
January 25, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Koki Kamiya, Yuta Abe, Kosuke Inoue, Toshihisa Osaki, Ryuji Kawano, Norihisa Miki, Shoji Takeuchi
Microfluidic systems have been developed for patterning single cells to study cell-cell interactions. However, patterning multiple types of cells to understand heterogeneous cell-cell interactions remains difficult. Here, it is aimed to develop a cell-trapping device to assemble multiple types of cells in the well-controlled order and morphology. This device mainly comprises a parylene sheet for assembling cells and a microcomb for controlling the cell-trapping area. The cell-trapping area is controlled by moving the parylene sheet on an SU-8 microcomb using tweezers...
January 25, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Rana Attalla, Celine S N Ling, Ponnambalam Ravi Selvaganapathy
Additive manufacturing via layer-by-layer adhesive bonding holds much promise for scalable manufacturing of tissue-like constructs, specifically scaffolds with integrated vascular networks for tissue engineering applications. However, there remains a lack of effective adhesives capable of composite layer fusion without affecting the integrity of patterned features. Here, the use of silicon carbide is introduced as an effective adhesive to achieve strong bonding (0.39 ± 0.03 kPa) between hybrid hydrogel films composed of alginate and collagen...
January 23, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Seungkuk Ahn, Christophe O Chantre, Alanna R Gannon, Johan U Lind, Patrick H Campbell, Thomas Grevesse, Blakely B O'Connor, Kevin Kit Parker
Historically, soy protein and extracts have been used extensively in foods due to their high protein and mineral content. More recently, soy protein has received attention for a variety of its potential health benefits, including enhanced skin regeneration. It has been reported that soy protein possesses bioactive molecules similar to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and estrogen. In wound healing, oral and topical soy has been heralded as a safe and cost-effective alternative to animal protein and endogenous estrogen...
January 23, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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