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Advanced Healthcare Materials

Jiani Xie, Chengyan Wang, Feng Zhao, Zhanjun Gu, Yuliang Zhao
Radiotherapy has been extensively used in clinic for malignant tumors treatment. However, a severe challenge of it is that the ionizing radiation needed to kill tumors inevitably causes damage to surrounding normal tissues. Although some of the molecular radioprotective drugs, such as amifostine, have been used as clinical adjuvants to radio-protect healthy tissues, their shortcomings such as short systemic circulation time and fast biological clearing from the body largely hinder the sustained bioactivity...
July 17, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Guangcun Chen, Yejun Zhang, Chunyan Li, Dehua Huang, Qianwu Wang, Qiangbin Wang
Stem cell-based regenerative medicine has attracted tremendous attention for its great potential to treat numerous incurable diseases. Tracking and understanding the fate and regenerative capabilities of transplanted stem cells is vital for improving the safety and therapeutic efficacy of stem cell-based therapy, therefore accelerating the clinical application of stem cells. Fluorescent nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used for in vivo tracking of the transplanted stem cells. Among these fluorescent NPs, near-infrared (NIR) NPs have greatly improved the sensitivity, tissue penetration depth, spatial and temporal resolutions of the fluorescence imaging-based stem cell tracking technologies due to the reduced absorption, scattering, and autofluorescence of NIR fluorescence in tissues...
July 17, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Rongbing Tang, Yuexiao Jia, Wenshu Zheng, Qiang Feng, Wenfu Zheng, Xingyu Jiang
Controlling phosphorylation processes of proteins is a facile way for manipulating cell fates. Herein, a synergistic therapeutic strategy utilizing a near-infrared (NIR)-responsive nanocatalyst (NC) complex is presented, which is comprised of photoactive NC and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), to synergistically inhibit hyperphosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway for cancer therapy, as an example of many biological processes this approach can apply to. NIR-triggered release of PP2A specially dephosphorylates and inactivates mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAP2K, also known as MEK) and extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) in the MAPK pathway, meanwhile, the NIR-triggered activation of NC decreases the level of intracellular adenosine triphosphate to attenuate protein phosphorylation of MEK and ERK...
July 17, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Wenshuo Wang, Jing Luo, Shutao Wang
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are emerging as one of the many new and promising biomarkers for liquid biopsy of cancer due to their loading capability of some specific proteins and nucleic acids that are closely associated with cancer states. As such, the isolation and detection of cancer-derived EVs offer important information in noninvasive diagnosis of early-stage cancer and real-time monitoring of cancer development. In light of the importance of EVs, over the last decade, researchers have made remarkable innovations to advance the development of EV isolation and detection methods by taking advantage of microfluidics, biomolecule probes, nanomaterials, surface plasmon, optics, and so on...
July 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yixiao Dong, Melanie Rodrigues, Sun Hyung Kwon, Xiaolin Li, Sigen A, Elizabeth Anne Brett, Nicola Elvassore, Wenxin Wang, Geoffrey C Gurtner
Chronic diabetic ulcers are a common complication in patients with diabetes, often leading to lower limb amputations and even mortality. Stem cells have shown promise in promoting cutaneous wound healing by modulating inflammation, angiogenesis, and re-epithelialization. However, more effective delivery and engraftment strategies are needed to prolong transplanted stem cell lifespan and their pro-healing functions in a chronic wound environment to improve skin regeneration. In this study, an injectable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-gelatin-based hydrogel system is examined to create a functional stem cell niche for the delivery of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) into diabetic wounds...
July 13, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Udayan Ghosh, Shen Ning, Yuzhu Wang, Yong Lin Kong
Recent advances in 3D printing have enabled the creation of novel 3D constructs and devices with an unprecedented level of complexity, properties, and functionalities. In contrast to manufacturing techniques developed for mass production, 3D printing encompasses a broad class of fabrication technologies that can enable 1) the creation of highly customized and optimized 3D physical architectures from digital designs; 2) the synergistic integration of properties and functionalities of distinct classes of materials to create novel hybrid devices; and 3) a biocompatible fabrication approach that facilitates the creation and cointegration of biological constructs and systems...
July 13, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Cristiana R Carvalho, João B Costa, Alain da Silva Morais, Rita López-Cebral, Joana Silva-Correia, Rui L Reis, J Miguel Oliveira
Hollow tubular conduits (TCs) with tunable architecture and biological properties are in great need for modulating cell functions and drug delivery in guided tissue regeneration. Here, a new methodology to produce enzymatically cross-linked silk fibroin TCs is described, which takes advantage of the tyrosine groups present in silk structure that are known to allow the formation of a covalently cross-linked hydrogel. Three different processing methods are used as a final step to modulate the properties of the silk-based TCs...
July 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Tiancong Ma, Peisen Zhang, Yi Hou, Haoran Ning, Zihua Wang, Jiayi Huang, Mingyuan Gao
Physiological parameters in tumor microenvironments, including hypoxia, low extracellular pH, enzymes, reducing conditions, and so on, are closely associated with the proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis of cancer, and impact the therapeutic administrations. Therefore, monitoring the tumor microenvironment is significant for diagnosing tumors, predicting the invasion potential, evaluating therapeutic efficacy, planning the treatment, and cancer prognostics. Noninvasive molecular imaging technologies combined with novel "smart" nanoparticle-based activatable probes provide a feasible approach to visualize tumor-associated microenvironment factors...
July 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Shao-Qing Chen, Cheng Wang, Shan Tao, Yun-Xin Wang, Fu-Qiang Hu, Hong Yuan
An insufficient drug concentration at the target site and drug efflux resulting in poor efficacy is recognized as important obstacles in tumor treatment. Herein, novel lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) with redox-responsive properties based on disulfide bond-contained, quercetin (Qu)-grafted glyceryl caprylate-caprate (Gcc) are introduced (Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs). Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs show good entrapment of paclitaxel (PTX) due to π-π stacking between the aromatic rings of Qu and PTX. In vitro experiments indicate that Qu-SS-Gcc LNPs can selectively respond to high levels of reducing substances by breakdown of disulfide bonds, thus achieving rapid and efficient drug release, and only dissociate rapidly in tumor cells rather than in normal cells...
July 11, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Francesca Taraballi, Manuela Sushnitha, Christopher Tsao, Guillermo Bauza, Chiara Liverani, Aaron Shi, Ennio Tasciotti
Regenerative medicine technologies rely heavily on the use of well-designed biomaterials for therapeutic applications. The success of implantable biomaterials hinges upon the ability of the chosen biomaterial to negotiate with the biological barriers in vivo. The most significant of these barriers is the immune system, which is composed of a highly coordinated organization of cells that induce an inflammatory response to the implanted biomaterial. Biomimetic platforms have emerged as novel strategies that aim to use the principle of biomimicry as a means of immunomodulation...
July 11, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Houkuan Tian, Zhiyu He, Chengxin Sun, Chengbiao Yang, Pengfei Zhao, Lixin Liu, Kam W Leong, Hai-Quan Mao, Zhijia Liu, Yongming Chen
Oral delivery of protein drugs is an attractive route of administration due to its convenience for repeated dosing and good patient compliance. However, currently oral protein therapeutics show very low bioavailability mainly due to the existence of hostile gastrointestinal (GI) environments, including mucus layers and intestinal epithelial barriers. Herein, using insulin as a model protein therapeutic, the core-shell nanoparticles with thiolated hyaluronic acid (HA-SH) coating (NPHA-SH ) are produced utilizing a two-step flash nanocomplexation process to enhance oral delivery efficiency of insulin...
July 8, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Qian Chen, Chao Wang, Guojun Chen, Quanyin Hu, Zhen Gu
Immune checkpoint blockade, which blocks the regulatory pathways that express on immune cells to improve antitumor immunological responses, is becoming one of the most promising approaches for antitumor therapy. This therapy has achieved important clinical advancement and provided a new opportunity against a variety of cancers. However, limitations of checkpoint inhibitors application, including the risk of autoimmune disease, low objective response rates, and high cost, still largely affect their broad applications in patients...
July 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Leonid Ionov
The mission of regenerative medicine is the development of methods to regrow, repair, or replace damaged or diseased cells, organs, or tissues. 3D bioprinting techniques are one of the most promising approaches for engineering the design of artificial tissues. Current 3D bioprinting technologies possess, however, several intrinsic limitations. 4D biofabrication, a recently developed technology with the embedded ability of shape transformation upon response to intrinsic and/or external stimuli, may solve challenges of 3D bioprinting as well as more accurately mimic the dynamics of the native tissues...
July 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ann M Rajnicek, Zhiqiang Zhao, Javier Moral-Vico, Ana M Cruz, Colin D McCaig, Nieves Casañ-Pastor
Innovative neurostimulation therapies require improved electrode materials, such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) polymers or IrOx mixed ionic-electronic conductors and better understanding of how their electrochemistry influences nerve growth. Amphibian neurons growing on transparent films of electronic (metal) conductors and electronic-ionic conductors (polymers and semiconducting oxides) are monitored. Materials are not connected directly to the power supply, but a dipole is created wirelessly within them by electrodes connected to the culture medium in which they are immersed...
July 5, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Zhiguo Qin, Yan Li, Ning Gu
Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) with favorable biocompatibility and unique properties have captured the attention of extensive biomedical researchers. A great progress is made in the application of PBNPs as therapy and diagnostics agents in biomedicine. This review begins with the recent synthetic strategies of PBNPs and the regulatory approaches for their size, shape, and uniformity. Then, according to the different properties of PBNPs, their application in biomedicine is summarized in detail. With modifiable features, PBNPs can be used as drug carriers to improve the therapeutic efficacy...
July 4, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Anna E B Clements, Emily R Groves, Connie S Chamberlain, Ray Vanderby, William L Murphy
Despite significant research in therapeutic protein delivery, localized and sustained delivery of active therapeutic proteins remains a challenge. Delivery is a particular challenge for therapeutic proteins with a short half-life. Herein, localized delivery of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) by mineral coated microparticles (MPs) is assessed in a healing rat medial collateral ligament (MCL). The local tissue concentration and systemic serum concentration of IL-1Ra, the anti-inflammatory activity of IL-1Ra delivered with MPs, and whether IL-1Ra loaded MPs (IL-1Ra MPs) are immunogenic in a healing ligament are also examined...
July 4, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ji Qi, Chao Chen, Dan Ding, Ben Zhong Tang
The rapid development of healthcare techniques encourages the emergence of new molecular imaging agents and modalities. Fluorescence imaging that enables precise monitoring and detection of biological processes/diseases is extensively investigated as this imaging technique has strengths in terms of high sensitivity, excellent temporal resolution, low cost, and good safety. Aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) have recently emerged as a new class of emitters that possess several notable features, such as high brightness, large Stokes shift, marked photostability, good biocompatibility, and so on...
July 3, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Zejing Chen, Peng Yan, Liang Zou, Menglong Zhao, Jiayang Jiang, Shujuan Liu, Kenneth Yin Zhang, Wei Huang, Qiang Zhao
Peroxynitrite (ONOO- ), a potent biological oxidant, which has a short half-life in physiological conditions, is related to many diseases. Accurate peroxynitrite determination with superior selectivity and sensitivity is important for understanding biological roles of peroxynitrite in different health and disease tissues. Autofluorescence is an inevitable interference in luminescence biodetection and bioimaging, which often reduces signal-to-noise ratio during detection. In this work, a phosphorescent peroxynitrite nanoprobe (MSN-ONOO) which displays two emission bands is prepared by immobilizing two long-lived phosphorescent iridium(III) complexes that are peroxynitrite-activable and -inert, respectively, into water-dispersible mesoporous silica nanoparticles...
July 2, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Bingxin Zhao, Kalun Dong, Mimi Lin, Gongxian Dong, Suyan Shan, Tom Lawson, Lu Yan, Wenjing Zhang, Bingyang Shi, Shulei Chou, Mark S Baker, Yong Liu
The synthesis of transferrin (Tf)-modified pegylated graphene (PG) and its application as a highly efficient drug delivery carrier for therapy of Ocular Choroidal Melanoma-1 (OCM-1) cells is presented. For the first reported time, nanoscaled PG is prepared using an environmentally friendly ball-milling technique. The unique 2D nanostructure obtained using this PG synthesis approach offers considerable advantages in terms of drug loading and delivery, as well as the conjugation of Tf to PG providing a more targeted delivery vehicle...
June 29, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Haoran Zhang, Zhaoming Guo, Bing He, Wenbing Dai, Hua Zhang, Xueqing Wang, Qiang Zhang
Ligand-targeted nanosystems have the potential to realize site-specific tumor therapy and alleviate unwanted side effects of many chemotherapeutic agents, and one of the most key issues seems to be the construction of an effective nanocarrier. Based on different processes of phage display techniques, 38 cell-binding peptides and 32 cell-internalizing peptides are discovered. Four of these ligand peptides [FIPFDPMSMRWE (FIP), NASSFPTNSRWA (NAS), GLHTSATNLYLH (GLH), and ALAVAPSRWWNE (ALA), respectively] exhibit high affinity to MCF7 human breast cancer cells...
June 28, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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