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Advanced Healthcare Materials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726349/aspherical-nanostructured-microparticles-for-targeted-gene-delivery-to-alveolar-macrophages
#1
Michael Möhwald, Shashank Reddy Pinnapireddy, Bodo Wonnenberg, Marcel Pourasghar, Marijas Jurisic, Andrea Jung, Claudia Fink-Straube, Thomas Tschernig, Udo Bakowsky, Marc Schneider
Introducing novel shapes to particulate carrier systems adds unique features to modern drug and gene delivery. Depending on the route of administration, particle geometry can influence deposition and fate within biological environments. In this work, a template-assisted engineering technique is applied, providing full control of size and shape in the preparation of aspherical, nanostructured microparticles. Based on the interconnection of nanoparticles, stabilized by a functional layer-by-layer (LbL) coating, the resulting cylindrical micrometer architecture is especially qualified for pulmonary delivery...
July 20, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726304/retardation-of-antigen-release-from-dna-hydrogel-using-cholesterol-modified-dna-for-increased-antigen-specific-immune-response
#2
Yuka Umeki, Masaaki Saito, Yuki Takahashi, Yoshinobu Takakura, Makiya Nishikawa
Our previous study indicates that cationization of an antigen is effective for sustained release of both immunostimulatory DNA containing unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) dinucleotides, or CpG DNA, and antigen from a DNA hydrogel. Another approach to sustained antigen release would increase the applicability and versatility of the system. In this study, a hydrophobic interaction-based sustained release system of ovalbumin (OVA), a model antigen, from immunostimulatory CpG DNA hydrogel is developed by the use of cholesterol-modified DNA and urea-denatured OVA (udOVA)...
July 20, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714596/multifunctional-nanotube-mucoadhesive-poly-methyl-vinyl-ether-co-maleic-acid-hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose-acetate-succinate-composite-for-site-specific-oral-drug-delivery
#3
Nattha Kerdsakundee, Wei Li, João Pedro Martins, Zehua Liu, Feng Zhang, Marianna Kemell, Alexandra Correia, Yaping Ding, Mikko Airavaara, Jouni Hirvonen, Ruedeekorn Wiwattanapatapee, Hélder A Santos
An advanced oral drug delivery system that can effectively deliver drugs with poor oral bioavailability is strongly desirable. Herein, a multifunctional nano-in-micro structured composite is developed by encapsulation of the mucoadhesive poly(methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic acid) modified halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with the pH-responsive hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate by the microfluidics to control the drug release, increase cell-particle interaction, and improve drug absorption. The microparticles show spherical shape, homogeneous particle size distribution (58 ± 1 µm), and pH-responsive dissolution behavior at pH > 6, and they prevent the premature release of curcumin in simulated pH conditions of the stomach and immediately release the curcumin in simulated pH conditions of the small intestine...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714587/stretchable-dry-electrodes-with-concentric-ring-geometry-for-enhancing-spatial-resolution-in-electrophysiology
#4
Kaiping Wang, Udit Parekh, Tejaswy Pailla, Harinath Garudadri, Vikash Gilja, Tse Nga Ng
The multichannel concentric-ring electrodes are stencil printed on stretchable elastomers modified to improve adhesion to skin and minimize motion artifacts for electrophysiological recordings of electroencephalography, electromyography, and electrocardiography. These dry electrodes with a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate interface layer are optimized to show lower noise level than that of commercial gel disc electrodes. The concentric ring geometry enables Laplacian filtering to pinpoint the bioelectric potential source with spatial resolution determined by the ring distance...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714577/direct-laser-interference-patterning-of-cocr-alloy-surfaces-to-control-endothelial-cell-and-platelet-response-for-cardiovascular-applications
#5
Romain Schieber, Federico Lasserre, Michael Hans, Marc Fernández-Yagüe, Maribel Díaz-Ricart, Ginés Escolar, Maria-Pau Ginebra, Frank Mücklich, Marta Pegueroles
The main drawbacks of cardiovascular bare-metal stents (BMS) are in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis as a result of an incomplete endothelialization after stent implantation. Nano- and microscale modification of implant surfaces is a strategy to recover the functionality of the artery by stimulating and guiding molecular and biological processes at the implant/tissue interface. In this study, cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy surfaces are modified via direct laser interference patterning (DLIP) in order to create linear patterning onto CoCr surfaces with different periodicities (≈3, 10, 20, and 32 µm) and depths (≈20 and 800 nm)...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714572/surface-modified-mesh-filter-for-direct-nucleic-acid-extraction-and-its-application-to-gene-expression-analysis
#6
Jae Bem You, Yong Tae Kim, Kyoung G Lee, Yunho Choi, Seongkyun Choi, Chi Hyun Kim, Kyung Hoon Kim, Sung Jin Chang, Tae Jae Lee, Seok Jae Lee, Sung Gap Im
Rapid and convenient isolation of nucleic acids (NAs) from cell lysate plays a key role for onsite gene expression analysis. Here, this study achieves one-step and efficient capture of NA directly from cell lysate by developing a cationic surface-modified mesh filter (SMF). By depositing cationic polymer via vapor-phase deposition process, strong charge interaction is introduced on the surface of the SMF to capture the negatively charged NAs. The NA capturing capability of SMF is confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fluorescent microscopy, and zeta potential measurement...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714284/egg-albumen-as-a-fast-and-strong-medical-adhesive-glue
#7
Kaige Xu, Yuqing Liu, Shousan Bu, Tianyi Wu, Qiang Chang, Gurankit Singh, Xiaojian Cao, Chuang Deng, Bingyun Li, Gaoxing Luo, Malcolm Xing
Sutures penetrate tissues to close wounds. This process leads to inflammatory responses, prolongs healing time, and increases operation complexity. It becomes even worse when sutures are applied to stress-sensitive and fragile tissues. By bonding tissues via forming covalent bonds, some medical adhesives are not convenient to be used by surgeons and have side effects to the tissues. Here egg albumen adhesive (EAA) is reported with ultrahigh adhesive strength to bond various types of materials and can be easily used without any chemical and physical modifications...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714280/ph-responsive-nanoscale-coordination-polymer-for-efficient-drug-delivery-and-real-time-release-monitoring
#8
Kai Han, Wei-Yun Zhang, Jin Zhang, Zhao-Yu Ma, He-You Han
Both excess dosages of drug and unwanted drug carrier can lead to severe side effects as well as the failure of tumor therapy. Here, an Fe(3+) -gallic acid based drug delivery system is designed for efficient monitoring of drug release in tumor. Fe(3+) and polyphenol gallic acid can form polygonal nanoscale coordination polymer in aqueous solution, which exhibits certain antitumor effect. Importantly, this coordination polymer possesses extremely high doxorubicin (DOX) loading efficacy (up to 48.3%). In vitro studies demonstrate that the fluorescence of DOX can be quenched efficiently when DOX is loaded on the coordination polymer...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714269/impermeable-robust-hydrogels-via-hybrid-lamination
#9
German A Parada, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xinyue Liu, Alex J Hsieh, Xuanhe Zhao
Hydrogels have been proposed for sensing, drug delivery, and soft robotics applications, yet most of these materials suffer from low mechanical robustness and high permeability to small molecules, limiting their widespread use. This study reports a general strategy and versatile method to fabricate robust, highly stretchable, and impermeable hydrogel laminates via hybrid lamination of an elastomer layer bonded between hydrogel layers. By controlling the layers' composition and thickness, it is possible to tune the stiffness of the impermeable hydrogels without sacrificing the stretchability...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703915/self-normalized-detection-of-anxa3-from-untreated-urine-of-prostate-cancer-patients-without-digital-rectal-examination
#10
Minhong Jeun, Sungwook Park, Yongdeok Kim, Jaewon Choi, Sang Hoon Song, In Gab Jeong, Choung-Soo Kim, Kwan Hyi Lee
A noninvasive quantitative assay that is capable of identifying prostate cancer biomarkers in untreated urine is an attractive diagnosis tool, but this method is subject to various obstacles. Difficulties presented by untreated urine include varying salt concentrations, and pH levels that may be different even though they are from the same patient. Untreated urine also presents interference from other biomolecules and possesses a fewer number of cancer biomarkers than can be found in serum. As a result, urine preconditioning processes and digital rectal examination (DRE) to increase biomarker secretion are mandatory in current urine assays...
July 13, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703882/centrifugal-lithography-self-shaping-of-polymer-microstructures-encapsulating-biopharmaceutics-by-centrifuging-polymer-drops
#11
Huisuk Yang, Suyong Kim, Geonwoo Kang, Shayan F Lahiji, Mingyu Jang, Young Mi Kim, Jae-Myung Kim, Sang-Nae Cho, Hyungil Jung
Polymeric microstructures encapsulating biopharmaceutics must be fabricated in a controlled environment to preserve the biological activity. There is increasing demand for simple methods designed to preserve the biological activity by utilizing the natural properties of polymers. Here, the paper shows that centrifugal lithography (CL) can be used for the fabrication of such microstructures in a single centrifugation, by engineering the self-shaping properties of hyaluronic acid (HA). In this method, HA drops are self-shaped into hourglass-microstructures to produce two dissolving microneedles (DMN), which facilitate transdermal delivery via implantation on the skin...
July 13, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699308/phospholipid-capped-mesoporous-nanoparticles-for-targeted-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation
#12
Adem Yildirim, Rajarshi Chattaraj, Nicholas T Blum, Dennis Shi, Kaushlendra Kumar, Andrew P Goodwin
The mechanical effects of cavitation can be effective for therapy but difficult to control, thus potentially leading to off-target side effects in patients. While administration of ultrasound active agents such as fluorocarbon microbubbles and nanodroplets can locally enhance the effects of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), it has been challenging to prepare ultrasound active agents that are small and stable enough to accumulate in tumors and internalize into cancer cells. Here, this paper reports the synthesis of 100 nm nanoparticle ultrasound agents based on phospholipid-coated, mesoporous, hydrophobically functionalized silica nanoparticles that can internalize into cancer cells and remain acoustically active...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699281/promoting-cell-migration-in-tissue-engineering-scaffolds-with-graded-channels
#13
Degang Yang, Zhitong Zhao, Fan Bai, Shutao Wang, Antoni P Tomsia, Hao Bai
Ideal bone scaffolds having good biocompatibility, good biodegradability, and beneficial mechanical properties are the basis for bone tissue engineering. Specifically, cell migration within 3D scaffolds is crucial for bone regeneration of critical size defects. In this research, hydroxyapatite scaffolds with three different types of architectures (tortuous, parallel, and graded channels) are fabricated using the freeze-casting (ice-templating) method. While most studies promote cell migration by chemical factors, it can be greatly enhanced by introducing only graded channels as compared with tortuous or parallel channels...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699224/melt-electrospinning-writing-of-poly-hydroxymethylglycolide-co-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-based-scaffolds-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#14
Miguel Castilho, Dries Feyen, María Flandes-Iparraguirre, Gernot Hochleitner, Jürgen Groll, Pieter A F Doevendans, Tina Vermonden, Keita Ito, Joost P G Sluijter, Jos Malda
Current limitations in cardiac tissue engineering revolve around the inability to fully recapitulate the structural organization and mechanical environment of native cardiac tissue. This study aims at developing organized ultrafine fiber scaffolds with improved biocompatibility and architecture in comparison to the traditional fiber scaffolds obtained by solution electrospinning. This is achieved by combining the additive manufacturing of a hydroxyl-functionalized polyester, (poly(hydroxymethylglycolide-co-ε-caprolactone) (pHMGCL), with melt electrospinning writing (MEW)...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699219/enzyme-prodrug-therapy-engineered-into-electrospun-fibers-with-embedded-liposomes-for-controlled-localized-synthesis-of-therapeutics
#15
Rona Chandrawati, Morten T J Olesen, Thatiane C C Marini, Gurpal Bisra, Anne Géraldine Guex, Marcelo G de Oliveira, Alexander N Zelikin, Molly M Stevens
Enzyme prodrug therapy (EPT) enables localized conversion of inert prodrugs to active drugs by enzymes. Performance of EPT necessitates that the enzyme remains active throughout the time frame of the envisioned therapeutic application. β-glucuronidase is an enzyme with historically validated performance in EPT, however it retains its activity in biomaterials for an insufficiently long period of time, typically not exceeding 7 d. Herein, the encapsulation of β-glucuronidase in liposomal subcompartments within poly(vinyl alcohol) electrospun fibers is reported, leading to the assembly of biocatalytically active materials with activity of the enzyme sustained over at least seven weeks...
July 12, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696572/evaluation-of-electrical-impedance-spectroscopy-on-a-needle-as-a-novel-tool-to-determine-optimal-surgical-margin-in-partial-nephrectomy
#16
Hyeon Woo Kim, Joho Yun, Jeong Zoo Lee, Dong Gil Shin, Jong-Hyun Lee
A hypodermic needle has been introduced incorporating an electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) sensor, called micro-EIS-on-a-needle for depth profiling (μEoN-DP). The μEoN-DP can locate endophytic renal tumors as well as determine tumor margins by detecting the impedance difference between normal and cancer tissues. To evaluate the μEoN-DP as a novel tool to determine the optimal surgical margin during partial nephrectomy (PN), the electrical impedance differences between renal parenchymal tissues and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumors are investigated with regard to the distance from the tumors...
July 11, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696515/tbhq-suppresses-osteoclastic-resorption-in-xenogeneic-treated-dentin-matrix-based-scaffolds
#17
Jingjing Sun, Jie Li, Hui Li, Hefeng Yang, Jinlong Chen, Bo Yang, Fangjun Huo, Weihua Guo, Weidong Tian
Extracellularmatrix (ECM)-based scaffolds are important for their potential therapeutic application. Treated dentin matrix (TDM), a kind of ECM, seeded with allogeneic dental follicle stem cells (TDM/aDFC) provides a suitable inductive microenvironment for tooth root regeneration. Considering the limited sources, xenogeneic TDM (xTDM) is a possible alternative to allogeneic TDM; however, xTDM-based scaffold presents severe osteolysis and resorption lacunae causing regenerated tooth root failure. Immune response-induced excessive osteoclastogenesis plays a critical role in xenogeneic scaffold osteolysis and resorption...
July 11, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692207/comment-on-hemocompatibility-of-superhemophobic-titania-surfaces
#18
Steffen Braune, Robert A Latour, Andreas Lendlein, Friedrich Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671341/ultrasound-triggered-destruction-of-folate-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticle-loaded-microbubble-for-targeted-tumor-therapy
#19
Yongjiu Lv, Yang Cao, Pan Li, Jianxin Liu, Huali Chen, Wenjing Hu, Liangke Zhang
A multifunctional drug delivery vehicle, which combines the active targeted mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) and microbubble (MB) drug delivery system, is proposed and fabricated. The resulting delivery vehicle integrates the merits of high drug loading capacity, multitargeting, and ultrasound-guided releasing. Folate (FA), which serves as an active ligand, is modified to the surface of MSN (MSN-FA) to enhance cell membrane translocation. MSN-FA is loaded with tanshinone IIA (TAN), then encapsulated in a microbubble (denoted as MSN-FA-TAN-MB) for more precise tumor targeting...
July 3, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671328/electrostimulated-release-of-neutral-drugs-from-polythiophene-nanoparticles-smart-regulation-of-drug-polymer-interactions
#20
Anna Puiggalí-Jou, Paolo Micheletti, Francesc Estrany, Luis J Del Valle, Carlos Alemán
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanoparticles are loaded with curcumin and piperine by in situ emulsion polymerization using dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid both as a stabilizer and a doping agent. The loaded drugs affect the morphology, size, and colloidal stability of the nanoparticles. Furthermore, kinetics studies of nonstimulated drug release have evidenced that polymer···drug interactions are stronger for curcumin than for piperine. This observation suggests that drug delivery systems based on combination of the former drug with PEDOT are much appropriated to show an externally tailored release profile...
July 3, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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