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Advanced Healthcare Materials

Minjie Sun, Kaikai Wang, David Oupický
Polymeric materials that respond to a variety of endogenous and external stimuli are actively developed to overcome the main barriers to successful systemic delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids. Here, an overview of viable stimuli that are proved to improve systemic delivery of nucleic acids is provided. The main focus is placed on nucleic acid delivery systems (NADS) based on polymers that respond to pathological or physiological changes in pH, redox state, enzyme levels, hypoxia, and reactive oxygen species levels...
December 11, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jin Wang, Yong Miao, Yong Huang, Bojie Lin, Xiaomin Liu, Shune Xiao, Lijuan Du, Zhiqi Hu, Malcolm Xing
Cell surface engineering technology advances cell therapeutics and tissue engineering by accurate micro/nanoscale control in cell-biomaterial ensembles and cell spheroids formation. By tailoring cell surface, microgels can encapsulate cells for versatile uses. However, microgels are coated in a thick layer to house multiple cells together but not a single cell based. Besides, excessive deposition on cell surface is detrimental to cellular functions. Herein, layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly to encapsulate single cell using nanogel is reported, owing to its security and tunable thickness at nanoscale, and further forms cell spheroids by physical cross-linking on nanogel-coated cells for delivery...
December 11, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Yusuke Morikawa, Shota Yamagiwa, Hirohito Sawahata, Rika Numano, Kowa Koida, Makoto Ishida, Takeshi Kawano
An ultrastretchable film device is developed that can follow the shape of spherical and large deformable biological samples such as heart and brain tissues. Although the film is composed of biocompatible parylene for the device substrate and metal layers of platinum (Pt)/titanium (Ti), which are unstretchable materials, the film shows a high stretchability by patterning slits as a "Kirigami" design. A Pt/Ti-microelectrode array embedded in 11 µm thick parylene film with 5 × 91 slits exhibits a film strain of ≈250% at 9 mN strain-force (0...
December 8, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Min Ho Park, Wonbong Lim, Danbi Jo, Jin Seok Jung, Subin Kim, Jangho Kim, Hyo Soon Lim, Ji Shin Lee, Jung-Joon Min, Hoon Hyun
Early detection and differential diagnosis of breast microcalcifications are of significant importance in effective treatment of early breast cancer, because mineral composition of breast calcification is directly associated with different pathological states. However, applying image-based modalities for component identification in breast calcification remains challenging, because no calcification-specific contrast agent is available to distinguish between benign and malignant (type I and type II, respectively) calcifications of breast lesions...
December 6, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Shixuan Chen, Sunil Kumar Boda, Surinder K Batra, Xiaoran Li, Jingwei Xie
This article reviews the recent progress of electrospun nanofibers in cancer research. It begins with a brief introduction to the emerging potential of electrospun nanofibers in cancer research. Next, a number of recent advances on the important features of electrospun nanofibers critical for cancer research are discussed including the incorporation of drugs, control of release kinetics, orientation and alignment of nanofibers, and the fabrication of 3D nanofiber scaffolds. This article further highlights the applications of electrospun nanofibers in several areas of cancer research including local chemotherapy, combinatorial therapy, cancer detection, cancer cell capture, regulation of cancer cell behavior, construction of in vitro 3D cancer model, and engineering of bone microenvironment for cancer metastasis...
December 6, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Zhenxiao Zhang, Qian Dou, Hongkai Gao, Bing Bai, Yongmei Zhang, Debo Hu, Ali K Yetisen, Haider Butt, Xiaoxia Yang, Congju Li, Qing Dai
Potassium detection is critical in monitoring imbalances in electrolytes and physiological status. The development of rapid and robust potassium sensors is desirable in clinical chemistry and point-of-care applications. In this study, composite supramolecular hydrogels are investigated: polyethylene glycol methacrylate and acrylamide copolymer (P(PEGMA-co-AM)) are functionalized with 18-crown-6 ether by employing surface initiated polymerization. Real-time potassium ion monitoring is realized by combining these compounds with quartz crystal microbalance...
December 6, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jelena Rnjak-Kovacina, Fengying Tang, John M Whitelock, Megan S Lord
Proteoglycans and their glycosaminoglycans (GAG) are essential for life as they are responsible for orchestrating many essential functions in development and tissue homeostasis, including biophysical properties and roles in cell signaling and extracellular matrix assembly. In an attempt to capture these biological functions, a range of biomaterials are designed to incorporate off-the-shelf GAGs, typically isolated from animal sources, for tissue engineering, drug delivery, and regenerative medicine applications...
December 6, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Gayathri Rajeev, Beatriz Prieto Simon, Lluis F Marsal, Nicolas H Voelcker
There is a strong and growing demand for compact, portable, rapid, and low-cost devices to detect biomarkers of interest in clinical and point-of-care diagnostics. Such devices aid in early diagnosis of diseases without the need to rely on expensive and time-consuming large instruments in dedicated laboratories. Over the last decade, numerous biosensors have been developed for detection of a wide range of clinical biomarkers including proteins, nucleic acids, growth factors, and bacterial enzymes. Various transduction techniques have been reported based on biosensor technology that deliver substantial advances in analytical performance, including sensitivity, reproducibility, selectivity, and speed for monitoring a wide range of human health conditions...
December 5, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Manuela Chiper, Karen Niederreither, Guy Zuber
The human organism and its constituting cells rely on interplay between multiple proteins exerting specific functions. Progress in molecular biotechnologies has facilitated the production of recombinant proteins. When administrated to patients, recombinant proteins can provide important healthcare benefits. To date, most therapeutic proteins must act from the extracellular environment, with their targets being secreted modulators or extracellular receptors. This is because proteins cannot passively diffuse across the plasma membrane into the cytosol...
December 5, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Nikhil Pandey, Amirhossein Hakamivala, Cancan Xu, Prashant Hariharan, Boris Radionov, Zhong Huang, Jun Liao, Liping Tang, Philippe Zimmern, Kytai T Nguyen, Yi Hong
Popular bioadhesives, such as fibrin, cyanoacrylate, and albumin-glutaraldehyde based materials, have been applied for clinical applications in wound healing, drug delivery, and bone and soft tissue engineering; however, their performances are limited by weak adhesion strength and rapid degradation. In this study a mussel-inspired, nanocomposite-based, biodegradable tissue adhesive is developed by blending poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or N-hydroxysuccinimide modified PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-NHS) with mussel-inspired alginate-dopamine polymer (Alg-Dopa)...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Pavla Martinkova, Martin Brtnicky, Jindrich Kynicky, Miroslav Pohanka
Although cancer is one of the most dangerous and the second most lethal disease in the world, current therapy including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc., is highly insufficient not in the view of therapy success rate or the amount of side effects. Accordingly, procedures with better outcomes are highly desirable. Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) present an innovative tool-ideal for innovation and implementation into practice. This review is focused on summarizing some well-known facts about pharmacokinetics, toxicity, and the types of IONPs, and furthermore, provides a survey of their use in cancer diagnosis and therapy...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Pradip Shahi Thakuri, Chun Liu, Gary D Luker, Hossein Tavana
Evolving understanding of structural and biological complexity of tumors has stimulated development of physiologically relevant tumor models for cancer research and drug discovery. A major motivation for developing new tumor models is to recreate the 3D environment of tumors and context-mediated functional regulation of cancer cells. Such models overcome many limitations of standard monolayer cancer cell cultures. Under defined culture conditions, cancer cells self-assemble into 3D constructs known as spheroids...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Xin Ding, Willy Chin, Chuen Neng Lee, James L Hedrick, Yi Yan Yang
Endothelialization, formation of endothelial cells (ECs) layer on cardiovascular implant surface, is considered an ideal approach to prevent restenosis (renarrowing of blood vessel mainly due to the accumulation of proliferated vascular smooth muscle cells, SMCs) and thrombosis. In this study, the possibility of using polyurethane (PU) as a coating platform for functionalization with peptide to enhance endothelialization on implants is explored. PUs are synthesized through metal-free organocatalytic polymerization followed by chemical conjugation with an EC-specific REDV peptide through thiol-ene reaction...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jiahui Wang, Xin Yuan Thow, Hao Wang, Sanghoon Lee, Kai Voges, Nitish V Thakor, Shih-Cheng Yen, Chengkuo Lee
Artificial sensors on the skin are proposed as a way to capture information that can be used in intracortical microstimulation or peripheral intraneural stimulation to restore sensory feedback to persons with tetraplegia. However, the ability of these artificial sensors to replicate the density and complexity of the natural mechanoreceptors is limited. One relatively unexplored approach is to make use of the signals from surviving tactile and proprioceptive receptors in existing limbs by recording from their transmitting axons within the primary sensory nerves...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Stefany Y Holguin, Michael D Gray, Princeton Joseph, Naresh N Thadhani, Mark R Prausnitz
Exposure of carbon-black (CB) nanoparticles to near-infrared nanosecond-pulsed laser energy can cause efficient intracellular delivery of molecules by photoporation. Here, cellular bioeffects of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are compared to those of CB nanoparticles. In DU145 prostate-cancer cells, photoporation using CB nanoparticles transitions from (i) cells with molecular uptake to (ii) nonviable cells to (iii) fragmented cells with increasing laser fluence, as seen previously...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Maria Godoy-Gallardo, Maria J York-Duran, Leticia Hosta-Rigau
Artificial organelles created from a bottom up approach are a new type of engineered materials, which are not designed to be living but, instead, to mimic some specific functions inside cells. By doing so, artificial organelles are expected to become a powerful tool in biomedicine. They can act as nanoreactors to convert a prodrug into a drug inside the cells or as carriers encapsulating therapeutic enzymes to replace malfunctioning organelles in pathological conditions. For the design of artificial organelles, several requirements need to be fulfilled: a compartmentalized structure that can encapsulate the synthetic machinery to perform an enzymatic function, as well as a means to allow for communication between the interior of the artificial organelle and the external environment, so that substrates and products can diffuse in and out the carrier allowing for continuous enzymatic reactions...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ying I Wang, Carlos Carmona, James J Hickman, Michael L Shuler
Traditional cell culture and animal models utilized for preclinical drug screening have led to high attrition rates of drug candidates in clinical trials due to their low predictive power for human response. Alternative models using human cells to build in vitro biomimetics of the human body with physiologically relevant organ-organ interactions hold great potential to act as "human surrogates" and provide more accurate prediction of drug effects in humans. This review is a comprehensive investigation into the development of tissue-engineered human cell-based microscale multiorgan models, or multiorgan microphysiological systems for drug testing...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Homan Kang, Sinyoung Jeong, Ahla Jo, Hyejin Chang, Jin-Kyoung Yang, Cheolhwan Jeong, San Kyeong, Youn Woo Lee, Animesh Samanta, Kaustabh Kumar Maiti, Myeong Geun Cha, Taek-Keun Kim, Sukmook Lee, Bong-Hyun Jun, Young-Tae Chang, Junho Chung, Ho-Young Lee, Dae Hong Jeong, Yoon-Sik Lee
Immunotargeting ability of antibodies may show significant difference between in vitro and in vivo. To select antibody leads with high affinity and specificity, it is necessary to perform in vivo validation of antibody candidates following in vitro antibody screening. Herein, a robust in vivo validation of anti-tetraspanin-8 antibody candidates against human colon cancer using ratiometric quantification method is reported. The validation is performed on a single mouse and analyzed by multiplexed surface-enhanced Raman scattering using ultrasensitive and near infrared (NIR)-active surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering nanoprobes (NIR-SERRS dots)...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Kevin J De France, Fei Xu, Todd Hoare
Structured macroporous hydrogels that have controllable porosities on both the nanoscale and the microscale offer both the swelling and interfacial properties of bulk hydrogels as well as the transport properties of "hard" macroporous materials. While a variety of techniques such as solvent casting, freeze drying, gas foaming, and phase separation have been developed to fabricate structured macroporous hydrogels, the typically weak mechanics and isotropic pore structures achieved as well as the required use of solvent/additives in the preparation process all limit the potential applications of these materials, particularly in biomedical contexts...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Hui Li, Ping Wang, Wenyu Gong, Qi Wang, Jia Zhou, Wei-Hong Zhu, Yingsheng Cheng
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death. Early detection of precancerous pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) tissues is an urgent challenge to improve the PDAC prognosis. Here, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR)-targeted magnetic resonance (MR)/near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) dual-modal nanoprobe dendron-grafted polylysine (DGL)-U11 for ultra-early detection of pancreatic precancerosis is reported. Because of its good biocompatibility and biodegradability, globular architecture, and well-defined reactive groups, the DGL is chosen as the platform to load with a pancreatic tumor-targeting peptide U11, a magnetic resonance contrast agent Gd3+ -diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid, and a near-infrared fluorescent cyanine dye Cy5...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
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