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Translational Andrology and Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785445/prof-mitchell-humphreys-a-pioneer-in-the-natural-orifice-translumenal-endoscopic-surgery-notes
#1
Skylar Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785444/prof-arthur-sagalowsky-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-is-still-important-for-advanced-metastatic-renal-cell-cancer-but-many-still-need-to-be-proved
#2
Skylar Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785443/dr-bang-ping-jiann-pde5-inhibitors-in-erectile-dysfunction
#3
Lucine M Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785442/dr-arthur-l-burnett-surgical-treatment-for-penile-cancer
#4
Lucine M Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785441/multi-omics-approach-reveals-the-secrets-of-metabolism-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Lucarelli, Matteo Ferro, Michele Battaglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785440/results-from-the-reduce-trial-on-the-effect-of-prostate-size-on-incident-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-with-mild-to-no-current-symptoms-do-they-justify-prophylactic-intervention
#6
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785439/malignancy-in-disorders-of-sex-development
#7
REVIEW
Martin Kathrins, Thomas F Kolon
Disorders of sex development (DSD) represent a spectrum of conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex are atypical and affect 1 in 4,500-5,000 live births. The diagnosis of DSD raises concerns of tumor risk and treatment as well as future fertility preservation. We review the current understanding of the types of gonadal tumors that arise in DSD patients as well as possible markers and treatment. The goal is to inform the members of the DSD team (urologist, endocrinologist, geneticist, psychologist) of the latest findings regarding malignancy in DSD...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785438/educational-program-on-sexual-medicine-for-medical-students-pilot-project-in-brazil
#8
Fernando Nestor Facio, Sidney Glina, Luiz O Torres, Carmita Abdo, João A Abdo, Geraldo Faria
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the factors that influence the graduation of medical students in relation to the preparation of their approach to sexual health care. Teaching hours for sexual education in undergraduate medical courses are frequently insufficient to prepare them for their roles to treat this complex issue. This study aimed to evaluate the delivery of sexual education to medical students by assessing their knowledge, attitudes, and self-confidence to treat patients. METHODS: A 1-day course was organized to tackle the main concerns of patients in respect to sexual health problems...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785437/are-antibiotics-necessary-during-routine-cystoscopic-stent-removal
#9
Joel E Abbott, Allison Han, Michelle McDonald, Charlie Lakin, Roger L Sur
BACKGROUND: The 2008 American Urological Association (AUA) Best Practice Statement on antimicrobial prophylaxis states that prophylaxis is not warranted for subjects with normal risk profile undergoing cystourethroscopy unless manipulation such as ureteral stent removal is performed. To date no studies have specifically assessed the need for antimicrobial prophylaxis during cystoscopic ureteral stent removal. We sought to determine the risk of infectious complications following cystoscopic stent removal with and without antimicrobial prophylaxis...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785436/laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma-does-size-matter-a-single-surgeon-comparative-study
#10
Niren Rao, Rashmi Ramachandran, Nikhil Tandon, Prabhjot Singh, Rajeev Kumar
BACKGROUND: Surgical difficulty in laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma increases with tumor size. We compared single surgeon outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytomas in patients with tumors smaller or greater than 4 cm to assess safety of the procedure. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of laparoscopic adrenalectomies for pheochromocytoma by a single surgeon over a 3-year period. All patients underwent lateral transperitoneal surgery...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785435/emphysematous-pyelonephritis-the-impact-of-urolithiasis-on-disease-severity
#11
Thomas H Sanford, Frank Myers, Thomas Chi, Herman S Bagga, Andrew G Taylor, Marshall L Stoller
BACKGROUND: Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe infection of the kidney associated with formation of gas in the renal parenchyma and/or collecting system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with emphysematous pyelonephritis in a contemporary cohort and to evaluate the impact of urolithiasis on disease severity. METHODS: A search of all imaging reports at University of California San Francisco (UCSF) for the term "emphysematous pyelonephritis" was undertaken from 2003-2014...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785434/urethral-catheters-and-medical-malpractice-a-legal-database-review-from-1965-to-2015
#12
Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Helena Chang, Thomas W Gaither, Amjad Alwaal, Ryan Fox, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Urethral catheters (UCs) are commonly used in medicine and are associated with complications such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) and trauma. Given UC complications and their ubiquitous usage in healthcare, there is a potential for liability risk. We aim to explore litigation involving UC-related complications. METHODS: The LexisNexis legal database was queried for all state and federal cases from January 1965 through October 2015 using the terms "urethral catheter" or "Foley catheter" in combination with "medical malpractice", "negligence", "medical error", and "trauma"...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785433/the-impact-of-androgen-deprivation-on-artificial-urinary-sphincter-outcomes
#13
George C Bailey, Brian J Linder, Marcelino E Rivera, Matthew J Ziegelmann, Laureano J Rangel, Daniel S Elliott
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) causes systemic tissue atrophy. It is unclear if this tissue atrophy adversely impacts artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) outcomes. We sought to evaluate the effect of ADT on adverse AUS outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 518 men undergoing primary AUS placement at our institution between 1998 and 2014. Rates of device explant for infection/erosion, mechanical failure, and urethral atrophy in men with >6 months of ADT use within 2 years prior to AUS placement were compared to ADT naive men...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785432/analysis-of-semen-parameters-during-2-weeks-of-daily-ejaculation-a-first-in-humans-study
#14
Charles Welliver, Aaron D Benson, Luke Frederick, Benjamin Leader, Edna Tirado, Paul Feustel, James Kontio, Mary McAsey, Tobias S Köhler
BACKGROUND: Timed and frequent intercourse around the time of female ovulation is recommended to improve conception. Although a significant number of articles have examined how the length of abstinence affects these semen analysis, the effects of frequent (daily) ejaculation has not been rigorously studied. METHODS: Twenty normal men were recruited for daily ejaculation over 14 consecutive days, after a 3-5 days abstinence period. Semen samples were collected at the beginning of the study (day 1) and then on days 3, 7 and 14...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785431/building-bridges-in-urothelial-carcinoma-to-face-common-challenges
#15
EDITORIAL
Romain Mathieu, Shahrokh F Shariat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785430/management-of-muscle-invasive-locally-advanced-and-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-a-literature-review-with-emphasis-on-the-role-of-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad Abufaraj, Kilian Gust, Marco Moschini, Beat Foerster, Francesco Soria, Romain Mathieu, Shahrokh F Shariat
Locally advanced (T3b, T4 and N1-N3) and metastatic urothelial bladder cancer (BCa) is a lethal disease with poor survival outcomes. Combination chemotherapy remains the treatment of choice in patients with metastatic disease and an important part of treatment in addition to radical cystectomy (RC) in patients with locally advanced tumour. Approximately half of patients who underwent RC for muscle invasive BCa relapse after surgery with either local recurrence or distant metastasis. This review focuses on the management of muscle invasive, locally advanced and metastatic BCa with emphasis on the role of surgery; to summarize the current knowledge in order to enhance clinical decision-making and counselling process...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785429/predictive-models-and-prognostic-factors-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Aurélie Mbeutcha, Romain Mathieu, Morgan Rouprêt, Kilian M Gust, Alberto Briganti, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Shahrokh F Shariat
In the context of customized patient care for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), decision-making could be facilitated by risk assessment and prediction tools. The aim of this study was to provide a critical overview of existing predictive models and to review emerging promising prognostic factors for UTUC. A literature search of articles published in English from January 2000 to June 2016 was performed using PubMed. Studies on risk group stratification models and predictive tools in UTUC were selected, together with studies on predictive factors and biomarkers associated with advanced-stage UTUC and oncological outcomes after surgery...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785428/risk-stratification-for-kidney-sparing-procedure-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#18
REVIEW
Zine-Eddine Khene, Romain Mathieu, Solène-Florence Kammerer-Jacquet, Thomas Seisen, Morgan Roupret, Shahrokh F Shariat, Benoit Peyronnet, Karim Bensalah
Risk stratification for kidney sparing procedures (KSP) to treat upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a major issue. A non-systematic Medline/PubMed literature search was performed using the terms "upper tract urothelial carcinoma" with different combinations of keywords to review the current knowledge on this topic. Original articles, reviews and editorials in English language were selected based on their clinical relevance. Available techniques for KSP include segmental ureterectomy and endoscopic resection through a percutaneous or flexible ureteroscopic access...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785427/adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-pathological-high-risk-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-time-to-reconsider
#19
REVIEW
Paul Sargos, Brian C Baumann, Libni J Eapen, Amit Bahl, Vedang Murthy, Guilhem Roubaud, Mathieu Orré, Jason A Efstathiou, Shahrokh Shariat, Stephane Larré, Pierre Richaud, John P Christodouleas
Radical cystectomy with extended pelvic lymph-node dissection, associated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, remains the standard of care for advanced, non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Loco-regional control is a key factor in the outcome of patients since it is related to overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cause-specific survival. The risk of loco-regional recurrence (LRR) is correlated to pathological factors as well as the extent of the lymphadenectomy. In addition, neither pre- nor post-operative chemotherapy have shown a clear impact on LRR-free survival...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785426/variant-histology-in-bladder-cancer-how-it-should-change-the-management-in-non-muscle-invasive-and-muscle-invasive-disease
#20
REVIEW
Yvonne Klaile, Katrin Schlack, Martin Boegemann, Julie Steinestel, Andres Jan Schrader, Laura-Maria Krabbe
Bladder cancer (BC) is a frequent type of carcinoma with an estimated incidence of approximately 100,000 men and women each year in the European Union (EU) with an associated mortality of 30,000 of these patients. In more than 70% the disease is diagnosed in a non-muscle invasive stage with the chance of minimally invasive, local treatment only, which might be required repetitively due to high rate of recurrence. In contrast, muscle invasive or metastatic stages need multimodal treatment strategies including surgical treatment and chemotherapy (CTX) in neoadjuvant (NAC), adjuvant, or palliative settings...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
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