Read by QxMD icon Read


Man Hu, Chenghao Zhu, Xiaoxing Li, Yongli Xu
Glaucoma is a serious disease that can cause complete, permanent blindness, and its early diagnosis is very difficult. In recent years, computer-aided screening and diagnosis of glaucoma has made considerable progress. The optic cup segmentation from fundus images is an extremely important part for the computer-aided screening and diagnosis of glaucoma. This paper presented an automatic optic cup segmentation method that used both color difference information and vessel bends information from fundus images to determine the optic cup boundary...
October 20, 2016: Bioengineered
Feng Chen, Liping Liu, Zengguo Bai, Tianhua Zhang, Keke Zhao
Here, 3 fluorinated intermediates of drug were synthesized: (M1), (M2), (M3). Three new anticoagulant rodenticides were designed which were based on 4-hydroxycoumarin or 1,3-indandione, added acute toxicity groups containing fluorine. The structures of synthesized compounds were analyzed and proved by FT-IR spectroscopy and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR). The compounds were also evaluated for their anticoagulant and acute biologic activity. In addition, both the acute orally toxicity and the feeding indexes of R1 and R2 were tested...
October 19, 2016: Bioengineered
Junli Zhang, Huanjiao Weng, Wenwen Ding, Zhen Kang
Five-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), the universal precursor of all tetrapyrroles, has various applications in medicine and agriculture industries. Glutamyl-tRNA reductase (GluTR) as the first key enzyme of C5 pathway is feedback regulated by heme, and its N-terminus plays a critical role on its stability control. Here, the GluTR N-terminus was engineered by inserting different numbers of positively charged lysine and arginine residues. The results confirmed that insertion of lysine or arginine residues (especially one arginine residue) behind Thr2 significantly increased the stability of GluTR...
October 18, 2016: Bioengineered
Yi Zheng, Yicheng Yang, Shu Wu, Yongqiang Zhu, Xiaolong Tang, Xiaopeng Liu
As the second most common gynecologic malignant tumors with a high mortality rate, cervical cancer jeopardizes women's life worldwide. The low cure rate in cervical cancer patients is mainly attributed to the lack of effective therapies. One feasible novel strategy is to develop immune-based approaches such as adoptive cell immunotherapy of DCCIKs which represents a promising nontoxic antineoplastic immunotherapy preferred in clinic practice. However, the therapeutic effect is not as efficient as anticipated...
October 18, 2016: Bioengineered
Lada E Petrovskaya, Ksenia A Novototskaya-Vlasova, Sultan Sh Gapizov, Elena V Spirina, Ekaterina V Durdenko, Elizaveta M Rivkina
Siberian permafrost is a unique environment inhabited with diverse groups of microorganisms. Among them, there are numerous producers of biotechnologically relevant enzymes including lipases and esterases. Recently, we have constructed a metagenomic library from a permafrost sample and identified in it several genes coding for potential lipolytic enzymes. In the current work, properties of the recombinant esterases obtained from this library are compared with the previously characterized lipase from Psychrobacter cryohalolentis and other representatives of the hormone-sensitive lipase family...
October 18, 2016: Bioengineered
Long Chen, Changan Di, Xuguang Chen, Zhengzhi Li, Jia Luo
Touch is produced by sensations that include approaching, sliding, pressing, and temperature. This concept has become a target of research in biotechnology, especially in the field of bionic biology. This study measured sliding and pressing with traditional tactile sensors in order to improve a machine operator's judgment of surface roughness. Based on the theory of acoustic emission, this study combined polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) with a sonic transducer to produce tactile sensors that can detect surface roughness...
October 18, 2016: Bioengineered
Dongsheng Xu, Aini Wan, Jingjing Zhang, Lin Peng, Yun Chen, Yang He, Jianfeng Yang, Jian Jin
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent multi-functional protein that stimulates proliferation, survival, motility, scattering and differentiation during growth and development, and has been considered to be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of a number of intractable diseases. The aim of this study was to enhance the expression of recombinant fusion protein HSA-HGF (R494E) in CHO cells by inhibiting the intracellular ubiquitin ligase activity. The high stable expression sub-clones with different signal peptides were selected by western blot (WB) analysis and used for suspension culture...
October 18, 2016: Bioengineered
Monan Wang, Lei Wang, Pengcheng Li, Yili Fu
Understanding the hip joint surface contact stress distribution characteristics is helpful to determine hip joint biomechanical features and abnormal pathological behavior. Firstly, a 3-dimensional static hip joint biomechanical model is built using analytical method of model in order to study biomechanical properties including bearing area, stress distribution and the peak value of the contact stress of the femoral head, which reveals the relationship between the biomechanical properties and its geometric parameters...
October 3, 2016: Bioengineered
Yogender Pal Khasa
Cardiovascular disorders are on the rise worldwide due to alcohol abuse, obesity, hypertension, raised blood lipids, diabetes and age-related risks. The use of classical antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies combined with surgical intervention helped to clear blood clots during the inceptive years. However, the discovery of streptokinase and urokinase ushered the way of using these enzymes as thrombolytic agents to degrade the fibrin network with an issue of systemic hemorrhage. The development of second generation plasminogen activators like anistreplase and tissue plasminogen activator partially controlled this problem...
October 3, 2016: Bioengineered
Xin Li, Yongmin Zhong, Julian Smith, Chengfan Gu
Prediction of tissue damage under thermal loads plays important role for thermal ablation planning. A new methodology is presented in this paper by combing non-Fourier bio-heat transfer, constitutive elastic mechanics as well as non-rigid motion of dynamics to predict and analyze thermal distribution, thermal-induced mechanical deformation and thermal-mechanical damage of soft tissues under thermal loads. Simulations and comparison analysis demonstrate that the proposed methodology based on the non-Fourier bio-heat transfer can account for the thermal-induced mechanical behaviors of soft tissues and predict tissue thermal damage more accurately than classical Fourier bio-heat transfer based model...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Binhua Tang
Enhanced accuracy and high-throughput capability in capturing genetic activities lead ChIP-sequencing technology to be applied prevalently in diverse study for tackling DNA-protein interaction problems. Till now, such questions as deciding suitable ChIP-seq arguments and comparing sample quality still haunt biologists. We propose the methods for answering such questions as deciding optimal argument pairs in global alignment of ChIP sequencing data; then we employ a modern signal processing approach to extract inherent genomic features from the global alignments of transcriptional binding activities; together with pairwise comparison from intra- and inter-sample perspectives; thus we can further determine alignment quality and decide the optimal candidate for multi-source heterogeneous high-throughput sequences...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Jangheon Kim, Soohyun Kim, Wonsuk Jung
We introduce a method for increasing the compatibility of human brain vascular pericyte (HBVP) cells on a glass substrate, based on wet transferred monolayer graphene without any treatment. As a novel material, graphene has key properties for incubating cells, such as chemical stability, transparency, appropriate roughness, hydrophobicity and high electrical conductivity. These outstanding properties of graphene were examined by Raman spectroscopy, water contact angle measurements and atomic force microscopy...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Ming Chang, Yu-Hao Lin, Jacque Lynn Gabayno, Qian Li, Xiaojun Liu
In this study, the control of magnetic fields to manipulate surface-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles by urokinase coating is investigated for thrombolysis in a microfluidic channel. The urokinase-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles are characterized using particle size distribution, zeta potential measurement and spectroscopic data. Thrombolytic ratio tests reveal that the efficiency for thrombus cleaning is significantly improved when using magnetically-controlled urokinase-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles than pure urokinase solution...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Qiang Lin, Qing Huo, Yingzhe Qin, Zhuo Zhao, Fengyun Tao
This study investigates the preparation of ligustrazine hydrochloride carboxymethyl chitosan and collagen microspheres. This experiment investigates effects of the ratio of carboxymethyl chitosan and collagen blend, water to oil ratio, stirring speed, and other factors on the microsphere properties. The experiment had the following conditions: a 1:2 proportion of carboxymethyl chitosan and collagen, a 1:2 proportion of drugs and materials, a 5:1 proportion of oil phase and water phase, 0.5% of span80, a 600r/min stirring speed, 3 ml of a cross-linking agent, 3 h of cross-linking curing, 1...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Chenguang Gao, Hong Chen, Cong Niu, Jie Hu, Bo Cao
Schizandrin B is extracted from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. This study evaluated the photoprotective effect of Schizandrin B on oxidative stress injury of the skin caused by UVB-irradiation and the molecular mechanism of the photoprotective effect of Schizandrin B, and we firstly found that Schizandrin B could block Cox-2, IL-6 and IL-18 signal pathway to protect damage of skin cells given by UVB-irradiation. In the research, we found that Schizandrin B can attenuate the UVB-induced toxicity on keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts in human body, and can outstandingly eliminated intracellular ROS produced by UVB-irradiation...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Hong Yang, Yingjian Zhang, Wenchao Li, Canshan Lao, Mingyue Li, Yi Zheng
The objective of the present research is to explore miRNAs expression profiles in lung tissue of rat treated by nanosized SiO2 in the light of normal at diverse dosages, time, predict their target genes, and probe the biological function and regulation of miRNA in the lung damage process caused by nanosized SiO2. Up-regulation of rno-miR-208, rno-miR-212 and rno-miR-18a in lung tissue mainly characterized by inflammation of SD rats caused by nanosized SiO2 particles instilled intratracheally at 7(th), 15(th) 30(th) d using Illumina HiSeq2000 sequencing technique and were further verified by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT PCR) assay...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Weixu Chen, Jingping Liang, Zhiyan He, Wei Jiang
ABSTACT This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes that occur in the chemical composition of an Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) biofilm under conditions of starvation and in an alkaline environment and to explore the function of chemical composition changes in the resistance of the E. faecalis biofilm to an extreme environment. This study established an in vitro E. faecalis biofilm model under starvation and in an alkaline environment. During the formation of the biofilm, the pH value and nutritional condition of the culture medium were changed, and the changes in chemical composition were observed using biochemical measures...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Jyung Hyun Lee, Hyo Soon Park, Qun Wei, Myoung Nam Kim, Jin-Ho Cho
ABSTACT To ensure the safety and efficacy of implantable hearing aids, animal experiments are an essential developmental procedure, in particular, auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) can be used to verify the objective effectiveness of implantable hearing aids. This study measured and compared the ABRs generated when applying the same vibration stimuli to an oval window and round window. The ABRs were measured using a TDT system 3 (TDT, USA), while the vibration stimuli were applied to a round window and oval window in 4 guinea pigs using a piezo-electric transducer with a proper contact tip...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Fei Sun, Bing Xu, Yi Zhang, Shengyun Dai, Xinyuan Shi, Yanjiang Qiao
The dissolution is one of the critical quality attributes (CQAs) of oral solid dosage forms because it relates to the absorption of drug. In this paper, the influence of raw materials, granules and process parameters on the dissolution of paracetamol tablet was analyzed using latent variable modeling methods. The variability in raw materials and granules was understood based on the principle component analysis (PCA), respectively. A multi-block partial least squares (MBPLS) model was used to determine the critical factors affecting the dissolution...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
Lin Peng, Wendian Xiong, Yanfei Cai, Yun Chen, Yang He, Jianfeng Yang, Jian Jin, Huazhong Li
Enhanced transfection efficiency of transient gene expression (TGE) and electroporation is a useful approach for improvement of recombinant therapeutic proteins in mammalian cells. A novel method is described here in which CHO cells expressing recombinant FVII (rFVII) were labeled with fluorescent dye and analyzed by confocal microscopy. Cells with or without rFVII encoding gene were detectable by flow cytometry. Thus, we were able to distinguish positive cells (with rFVII encoding gene) and quantify their percentages...
September 27, 2016: Bioengineered
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"