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Hongchu Wang, Pengfei Wu
RNA-protein interactions (RPIs) play a very important role in a wide range of post-transcriptional regulations, and identifying whether a given RNA-protein pair can form interactions or not is a vital prerequisite for dissecting the regulatory mechanisms of functional RNAs. Currently, expensive and time-consuming biological assays can only determine a very small portion of all RPIs, which calls for computational approaches to help biologists efficiently and correctly find candidate RPIs. Here, we integrated a successful computing algorithm, conjoint triad feature (CTF), and another method, chaos game representation (CGR), for representing RNA-protein pairs and by doing so developed a prediction model based on these representations and random forest (RF) classifiers...
2018: Bioengineered
Yanshun Kang, Xiaolin Xu, Huiran Pan, Jing Tian, Weihua Tang, Siqi Liu
In this report, the decolorization features of extracellular enzymes and mycelia separately prepared from Aspergillus sp. TS-A CGMCC 12,964 (120 h) were investigated. The fermentation broth of TS-A degraded 98.6% of Mordant Yellow 1 (50 mg/L) at an initial pH 6 within 1 h with over 70% of the dye (50 mg/L) degraded by extracellular enzymes and 18.8% removed by live mycelia. The degradation products of the dye were analyzed by UV-Vis and FTIR spectra. The decolorization rates of extracellular enzymes and mycelia were examined under different contact periods, dye concentrations and pH values...
2018: Bioengineered
Fernando Perez Rojo, Rikard Karl Martin Nyman, Alexander Arthur Theodore Johnson, Maria Pazos Navarro, Megan Helen Ryan, William Erskine, Parwinder Kaur
In recent years there has been great progress with the implementation and utilization of Clustered Regularly Interspaced Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) systems in the world of genetic engineering. Many forms of CRISPR-Cas9 have been developed as genome editing tools and techniques and, most recently, several non-genome editing CRISPR-Cas systems have emerged. Most of the CRISPR-Cas systems have been classified as either Class I or Class II and are further divided among several subtypes within each class...
2018: Bioengineered
Yuhui Wang, Mo Xian, Xinjun Feng, Min Liu, Guang Zhao
Ethylene glycol (EG) is an important chemical used as antifreeze and a raw material in polyester synthesis. The EG biosynthetic pathway from D-xylose with D-xylonate as key intermediate has some advantages, but showed low EG production. Here, we reconstructed and optimized this pathway in Escherichia coli. In view of the greater intracellular prevalence of NADH, an aldehyde reductase FucO using NADH was employed to convert glycoaldehyde into EG, in replacement of NADPH-dependent reductase YqhD. To suppress the accumulation of by-products acetate and glycolate, two genes arcA and aldA were knocked out...
2018: Bioengineered
Yangyang Zheng, Qianqian Yuan, Hao Luo, Xue Yang, Hongwu Ma
Poly-(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB) is a polyester with biodegradable and biocompatible characteristics suitable for bio-plastics and bio-medical use. In order to reduce the raw material cost, cheaper carbon sources such as xylose and glycerol were evaluated for P3HB production. We first conducted genome-scale metabolic network analysis to find the optimal pathways for P3HB production using xylose or glycerol respectively as the sole carbon sources. The results indicated that the non-oxidative glycolysis (NOG) pathway is important to improve the product yields...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Wei Zhang, Chen Niu, Rui-Yang Fu, Zheng-Yu Peng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of genes encoding SR proteinsand alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) H37Rv-infected macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages with 200 nM PMA, and H37Rv strains were used for macrophage infection. After RNA extraction, qRT-PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of many SR proteins as well as the alternative splicing of IL4 and TLR4...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Lin Sun, Xiaoyu Zhang, Jiucheng Xu, Wei Wang, Ruonan Liu
In recent years, tumor classification based on gene expression profiles has drawn great attention, and related research results have been widely applied to the clinical diagnosis of major gene diseases. These studies are of tremendous importance for accurate cancer diagnosis and subtype recognition. However, the microarray data of gene expression profiles have small samples, high dimensionality, large noise and data redundancy. To further improve the classification performance of microarray data, a gene selection approach based on the Fisher linear discriminant (FLD) and the neighborhood rough set (NRS) is proposed...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Roy D Sleator
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Nasrin Shadjou, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Balal Khalilzadeh
Tissue engineering has been emerging as a valid approach to the current therapies for bone regeneration/substitution. Tissue-engineered bone constructs have the potential to alleviate the demand arising from the shortage of suitable autograft and allograft materials for augmenting bone healing. Scaffolds play a central role in tissue engineering research, they not only provide as structural support for specific cells but also provide as the templates to guide new tissue growth and construction. In this survey we describe application of graphene based nano-biomaterials for bone tissue engineering...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Sina Arabshahi, Bahar Nayeri Fasaei, Abdollah Derakhshandeh, Aytak Novinrooz
This study aimed to design a novel chimeric protein in silico to serve as a serotype-independent vaccine candidate against Shigella. The chimera contains amino acid residues 240-460 of Shigella invasion plasmid antigen B (IpaB) and the C-terminus of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (C-CPE). Amino acid sequences of 537 peptide linkers were obtained from two protein linker databases. 3D structures of IpaB-CPE290-319 , IpaB-CPE184-319 , IpaB-CPE194-319 and 537 newly designed IpaB-linker-CPE290-319 constructs with varying linker regions were predicted...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Satheesh Kumar Palanisamy, Olivier P Thomas, Grace P McCormack
In October 2016, a rapid assessment survey of ascidian species was conducted in shellfish farms at Killary Fjord, in the west of Ireland. Two non-indigenous solitary ascidians Ascidiella aspersa and Corella eumoyta were recorded for the first time in shellfish farms at this location. Both invasive ascidians have the potential to greatly reduce mussel production in Killary Fjord by competing with shellfish for food and habitat. Their high abundance also causes an increase in maintenance costs leading to economic losses for aquaculture farmers...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Kadriye Kızılbey, Banu Mansuroğlu, Serap Derman, Zeynep Mustafaeva Akdeste
Peptides have been studied as an important class of components in medicine to control many major diseases with vaccination. Polymers as adjuvants are capable of enhancing the vaccine potential against various diseases by improving the delivery of antigens, and they reduce the booster doses of vaccines. In brief, polymers are promising candidates for peptide-based vaccine delivery platforms. The purpose of the present study was to create a possible alternative approach in the treatment of malignant melanoma and/or to prevent metastasis of melanoma...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Liming Zhao, Yin Zhang, Chandrasekar Venkitasamy, Zhongli Pan, Longyi Zhang, Siya Guo, Wei Xiong, Hu Xia, Liu Wenlong, Gou Xinhua
The taste of umami peptide H-Lys-Gly-Asp-Glu-Glu-Ser-Leu-Ala-OH (LGAGGSLA) is controversial. One possible reason for this controversy is the use of chemically synthesized LGAGGSLA to confirm its taste. To explore other ways to further confirm the flavor of LGAGGSLA, we developed a new strategy to prepare a bio-source peptide by adopting a gene engineering method to express LGAGGSLA in recombinant Escherichia coli. In our previous work, we structured the LGAGGSLA recombinant expression system and optimized the culturing conditions for preparing a fusion protein...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Henry N Taunt, Laura Stoffels, Saul Purton
Most commercial production of recombinant pharmaceutical proteins involves the use of mammalian cell lines, E. coli or yeast as the expression host. However, recent work has demonstrated the potential of eukaryotic microalgae as platforms for light-driven synthesis of such proteins. Expression in the algal chloroplast is particularly attractive since this organelle contains a minimal genome suitable for rapid engineering using synthetic biology approaches; with transgenes precisely targeted to specific genomic loci and amenable to high-level, regulated and stable expression...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Muhammad N Aftab, Asma Zafar, Irfana Iqbal, Afshan Kaleem, Khalid M Zia, Ali R Awan
Saccharification potential of xylanase enzyme cloned from Bacillus licheniformis into E. coli BL21 (DE3) was evaluated against plant biomass for the production of bioethanol. The expression of cloned gene was studied and conditions were optimized for its large scale production. The parameters effecting enzyme production were examined in a fermenter. Recombinant xylanase has the ability to breakdown birchwood xylan to release xylose as well as the potential to treat plant biomass, such as wheat straw, rice straw, and sugarcane bagass...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Lei Wang, Yaou Zhao, Yuehui Chen, Dong Wang
Experimental methods play a crucial role in identifying the subcellular localization of proteins and building high-quality databases. However, more efficient, automated computational methods are required to predict the subcellular localization of proteins on a large scale. Various efficient feature extraction methods have been proposed to predict subcellular localization, but challenges remain. In this paper, three novel feature extraction methods are established to improve multi-site prediction. The first novel feature extraction method utilizes repetitive information via moving windows based on a dipeptide pseudo amino acid composition method (R-Dipeptide)...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Bhupendra Chaudhary, Nagendra Singh, Dhananjay K Pandey
De novo synthesis of folates in plants is tightly regulated through feedback-regulation of certain pathway catalysts. Recently, we investigated the prospects of incessant production of folates in an evolutionary conjunction, through the overexpression of feedback targeted and evolutionarily conserved heterologous E.coli dihydroneopterin aldolase (EcDHNA) in tobacco. 1 The enhanced production of folates in the transgenic lines was associated with differential allosteric regulatory cavities accessible at EcDHNA surface having critical amino-acid differences as Ile 64 (His_63), Val 70 (Phe_69), His 75 (Arg_78) and Arg 79 (Glu_72)...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Oksana Nekrasova, Sergey Yakimov, Mikhail Kirpichnikov, Alexey Feofanov
We have recently developed a simple and effective bioengineering approach to large-scale production of alpha-KTx, peptide toxins from scorpion venoms, that block voltage-gated potassium channels with high affinity and specificity. This approach was successfully approved for different peptides containing three disulfide bonds. To extend this method to production of peptide toxins with four disulfide bridges, in particular, maurotoxin and hetlaxin, appropriate conditions of a cleavage reaction with tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease need to be found...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Youssef Ali Abou Hamin Neto, Nathália Gonsales da Rosa Garzon, Rafael Pedezzi, Hamilton Cabral
Peptidases are enzymes that cleave peptide bonds, yielding proteins and peptides. Enzymes in this class also perform several other functions, regulating the activation or inactivation of target substrates via proteolysis. Owing to these functions, peptidases have been extensively used in industrial and biotechnological applications. Given their potential functions, it is important to optimize the use of these enzymes, which requires determination of the specificity of each peptidase. The peptidase specificity must be taken into account in choosing a peptidase to catalyze the available protein source within the desired application...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, A A Alqarawi, Abeer Hashem, Stephan Wirth, Dilfuza Egamberdieva
This experiment aimed to investigate the role of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) against NaCl- induced salinity stress in Acacia gerrardii Benth. NaCl (200 mM) imparted deleterious effects on the growth and chlorophyll contents of A. gerrardii, but foliar application of EBL (1.0 mg/l; each plant received 2.5 ml) mitigated the negative effect considerably. NaCl reduced chlorophyll content but this was significantly ameliorated by the application of EBL. EBL reduced significantly NaCl- induced oxidative stress hence protect membranes and also improved the relative water content significantly by 6...
January 1, 2018: Bioengineered
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