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Case Reports in Oncological Medicine

Nedal Bukhari, Marwah Abdulkader
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and the second highest cause of cancer-related deaths (Jemal et al., 2011). Common presentations of CRC include alterations in bowel habit, weight loss, and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. We report a case of a 74-year-old male who presented with fever and right upper quadrant pain, with positive Murphy's sign on examination. The case was initially managed with a routine cholecystectomy. Histological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma with a superimposed histologically proven acute acalculous cholecystitis...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Anita Pandey, Susan Ezemenari, Maksim Liaukovich, Ivan Richard, Avezbakiyev Boris
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common across the world, especially in Asia, Africa, Southern Europe, and Latin America. The association of HBV infection in patients suffering from different oncological conditions is well established. Many cases of HBV reactivation have been reported in patients on immunosuppressive chemotherapy and in patients undergoing hematopoietic bone marrow transplantations. Only one case has been reported so far of HBV reactivation in a patient treated with programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitors in the setting of HIV status...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Nawal Habib, Kimberly Lessard
Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis is extremely rare and is often associated with orbital inflammation/infection, systemic/local tumors, hypercoagulable states, autoimmune conditions, and rarely carotid cavernous fistula. Clinical features include abrupt onset of painful proptosis, chemosis, ophthalmoplegia, and diminished visual acuity. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent permanent blindness. Management options for this medical emergency include antibiotics, steroids, and/or anticoagulation...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Christina F Marlow, Shailendra Sharma, Faizan Babar, Jianqing Lin
Background: Denosumab has become the preferred agent over zolendronic acid to help prevent skeletal-related events in patients with metastatic bone disease and multiple myeloma because it is approved for use in those with kidney dysfunction. However, denosumab has been linked to cases of hypocalcemia, particularly in those with advanced kidney disease. Case Presentation: We present the case of a patient with metastatic prostate cancer and chronic kidney disease due to obstructive nephropathy who developed severe hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia after denosumab injection, which required intensive care unit admission, aggressive calcium supplementation, and hemodialysis assistance...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Angela Shaw, Miriam Morrell, Annikka Weissferdt, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, Douglas Harrison
Mixed germ cell tumors (GCT) with teratoma components can transform into somatic malignancies which can include histologies outside of traditional germ cell lineages. We describe a case of an 18-year-old man with a metastatic testicular GCT with both mature and immature teratoma components containing malignant transformation into multiple histologies including PNET in the primary testicular tumor and osteosarcoma in a separate pulmonary metastatic lesion. Management with targeted chemotherapy resulted in a durable remission...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Kathryn Fleming, James McGuinness, David Kipgen, Hilary Glen, Pavlina Spiliopoulou
We describe a case of lenvatinib (E7080) associated focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) encountered during the treatment of metastatic medullary thyroid cancer. Proteinuria is a relatively common side effect of VEGF-targeted treatments and can occasionally result in treatment discontinuation. Here, we describe a patient who developed secondary FSGS necessitating discontinuation of treatment at first but who was subsequently rechallenged with anti-VEGF-targeted treatment without recurrence of proteinuria...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, Edio Llerena-Hernández, David Hernández-Barajas, Oscar Vidal-Gutiérrez, Adriana González-Gutiérrez, Rolando Jacob Martínez-Granados, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo
Malignant spinal cord compression syndrome (MSCCS) occurs in 2.5 to 5% of all oncological patients. In 20% of the cases, it is the initial manifestation. This syndrome is a rare event among germ cell tumors (GCT), occurring in only 1.7% of the patients. We present the case of a 24-year-old man who arrived at the emergency department with dysesthesia and paraparesis as well as urinary incontinence. Imaging studies showed an infiltrative lesion in the left testicle, pulmonary and hepatic metastatic disease, and a large retroperitoneal ganglionar conglomerate that infiltrated the spinal cord through the intervertebral foramina of the vertebra level T11 with displacement of the L1 vertebral body...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Elisa Quiroz, Adam Hafeez, Ramy Mando, Zhou Yu, Feroze Momin
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a rare condition described as a lymphoma localized to the heart or pericardium. Although cardiac involvement is seen in 10-20% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, PCL is extremely rare. It comprises merely 0.5% of all lymphomas and 1.3-2% of cardiac malignancies. Early detection is essential to avoid potentially fatal complications, and prognosis is highly dependent on the management of cardiac complications. The etiology of PCL is still unknown, and molecular characterization has yet to be studied leaving a great deal of research to be done in order to gain a better understanding of this rare disease process...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Irfan Shaukat, Charles Padgett, Maimoona Inayat, Naseruddin Höti, Sadaf Mustafa
Objective . GATA3-positive sarcomatoid carcinoma has never been documented in the past. It is a case of aggressive tumor, positive for GATA3, which should be further studied for its prognostic and therapeutic significance.
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Joshua Feriante, Richard T Lee
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), is a disease of histiocytic proliferation with no known pathogenesis. This disease is defined by histological and cytological characteristics, including emperipolesis and positive S100 and CD68 markers. Although the disease typically presents clinically with massive bilateral lymphadenopathy due to sinus expansion from excessive histiocytosis, only unilateral lymphadenopathy was observed in this patient. The case involves a 40-year-old Caucasian male from the Netherlands presenting with unilateral lymphadenopathy suspicious for malignancy...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Diani Kartini, Maria K Siswiandari, Gunawan Wibisana, Erwin D Yulian, Ahmad Kurnia, Sonar S Panigoro, Azdi Z Albar, Muchlis Ramli
Brown tumor is a bone lesion that arises in the setting of excess osteoclast activity in hyperparathyroidism. It consists of fibrous tissue, woven bone, and supporting vasculature, while contains no matrix. The characteristic of brown-colored lesion is a result of hemosiderin deposition into the osteolytic cysts. Two cases of young women aged 26 and 29 years old, respectively, are known with a history of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Dialysis is performed two times/week over the last 7 years. Our patients presented with an intraoral mass of the hard palate since 12 months ago and decreased body height of 10 cm...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Mingxia Shi, Hongzhi Xu, Guillermo P Sangster, Xin Gu
Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) is a rare malignant hepatic tumor that occurs primarily in children. Only a limited number of cases have been reported in the literature due to low incidence of one per million, and reports of metastatic lesion of UESL are even rarer. We hereby describe the case of a 13-year-old male who presented with a palpable mass with imaging findings suggestive of a large complex tumor in the right lobe of the liver. He underwent extended right hepatectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Sayed Ab Reshad Ghafouri, Alexander Brun, Rohit Bhalla, Craig Margulies, Kevin Skole
Intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin is one of the standard treatment options for superficial bladder cancer. While Bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy is usually well tolerated with most patients experiencing only cystitis, in rare cases, it can lead to disseminated granulomatous disease. We present a case of a 72-year-old man with disseminated granulomatous disease from intravesical BCG instillation whose treatment was complicated by antimycobacterial drug toxicity.
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Taku Mitome, Tadashi Tabei, Yukio Tsuura, Kazuki Kobayashi
A 73-year-old woman was referred to our department with a complaint of asymptomatic gross hematuria. Dynamic computed tomography revealed a complicated (Bosniak type IIF) cyst in the upper pole of her right kidney, which was diagnosed as a calyceal diverticulum. The diagnosis was confirmed by ureteroscopy. The diverticulum was filled with a soft protein matrix that was difficult to completely remove from the inner surface of the calyceal diverticulum. Endoscopy combined with intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) was performed to completely remove the matrix...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Frank S Fan, Chung-Fan Yang, Yi-Fen Wang
Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the malignancies which tend to involve the bone marrow, but initial presentation with diffuse bone marrow metastasis from an occult breast cancer is very rare. Prognosis is generally very poor for marrow metastasis from solid tumors except that breast cancer is a treatable disease even in such a dismal condition. Case: A 64-year-old woman's headache was found to result from diffuse adenocarcinoma metastasis in the bone marrow from an unknown primary site...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Matthew Harrison, Amanda Jones, Abebe Abebe
A 39-year-old male presented with a painful paraspinal mass, which had been present for several weeks. The mass had previously been treated with oral sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim DS, as the patient reported a history of "boils," with no improvement in his pain or size of the mass. No further diagnostic workup was pursued until he was admitted with intractable pain. Eventual biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma, likely of pulmonary origin. This report, as well as other incoming cases, highlights this rare phenomenon of muscular metastases as the sole presentation of a distant primary malignancy...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Smriti Panda, Madhu Rajeshwari, Chirom Amit Singh, Suresh C Sharma, Pirabu Sakthivel
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a benign disease affecting young males with a propensity to invade intracranially and into the orbit along preformed pathways. Complete surgical excision is the mainstay of management. Patients with multiple recurrences along with tumour extension into skull base and orbit can be considered for external beam radiation as either adjuvant or definitive treatment. Possibility of radiation-induced malignancy has been speculated by many authors, proof of which exists in only two studies so far...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Andrew D Liman, Vida A Passero, Agnes K Liman, Jenna Shields
We report a rare case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a patient who developed rhabdomyolysis while on sunitinib. He was admitted to the hospital due to muscle weakness, fatigue, poor oral intake, and difficulty swallowing in March 2017. He was found to have pancytopenia, liver failure, kidney failure, high uric acid, and increased creatine phosphokinase of more than 5000. He quickly developed lactic acidosis and acute respiratory failure. He was transferred to the ICU, but his condition declined rapidly...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Mara Mantiero, Giovanni Faggioni, Alice Menichetti, Matteo Fassan, Valentina Guarneri, Pierfranco Conte
Gastric linitis plastica is a diffuse involvement of the stomach walls by neoplastic cells. It represents about 3-19% of primitive gastric adenocarcinomas, but it can also be the manifestation of a metastatic disease. Breast cancer is the most frequent malignancy in women, and the metastatic spread to the stomach occurs in less than 10% of the cases. We present an unusual case of gastric linitis plastica and peritoneal carcinomatosis as manifestations of an occult breast cancer in a 53-year-old woman. Imaging and endoscopic evaluation were not able to discriminate a primary from a secondary gastric lesion...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Mark B Ulanja, Mohamed E Taha, Arshad A Al-Mashhadani, Marwah Muaad Al-Tekreeti, Christie Elliot, Santhosh Ambika
Skin cancer as a single entity is the most common malignancy in North America, accounting for half of all human cancers. It comprises two types: melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers. Of the nonmelanomas, basal cell carcinoma (BCC) constitutes about 80% of the cancers diagnosed every year. BCC usually occurs in sun-exposed areas such as the face and extremities. Occurrence in the nipple areolar complex is very rare. We present a case of a Caucasian woman who presented with what was initially thought to be invasive carcinoma of the breast involving the nipple areolar complex (NAC); however, the diagnosis was revealed to be a basal cell carcinoma after histopathological examination...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
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