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Journal of Public Health Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090478/the-human-microbiome-a-public-health-approach
#1
EDITORIAL
Csaba Varga, István Kiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090477/the-economic-cost-of-implementing-maternal-and-neonatal-death-review-in-a-district-of-bangladesh
#2
Animesh Biswas, Abdul Halim, Fazlur Rahman, Charli Eriksson, Koustuv Dalal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and neonatal death review (MNDR) introduced in Bangladesh and initially piloted in a district during 2010. MNDR is able to capture each of the maternal, neonatal deaths and stillbirths from the community and government facilities (hospitals). This study aimed to estimate the cost required to implement MNDR in a district of Bangladesh during 2010-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNDR was implemented in Thakurgaon district in 2010 and later gradually extended until 2015...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083525/occurrence-and-control-of-genotoxins-in-drinking-water-a-monitoring-proposal
#3
Elisabetta Ceretti, Massimo Moretti, Ilaria Zerbini, Milena Villarini, Claudia Zani, Silvano Monarca, Donatella Feretti
Many studies have shown the presence of numerous organic genotoxins and carcinogens in drinking water. These toxic substances derive not only from pollution, but also from the disinfection treatments, particularly when water is obtained from surface sources and then chlorinated. Most of the chlorinated compounds in drinking water are nonvolatile and are difficult to characterize. Thus, it has been proposed to study such complex mixtures using short-term genotoxicity tests predictive of carcinogenic activity...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083524/are-food-labels-effective-as-a-means-of-health-prevention
#4
Gaia Claudia Viviana Viola, Francesca Bianchi, Elia Croce, Elisabetta Ceretti
Chronic diseases related to unbalanced and unhealthy eating habits have definitely become one of the major issues of modern age, not only in western countries but also in those ones where rapid economic growth has increased global prosperity levels. In order to avoid medical systems to collapse under excessive costs, International and Public Organizations strongly support health policies that aim to make people shift towards wholesome dietary patterns, also encouraging the use of food-labels to choose healthier products...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083523/intentional-and-unintentional-medication-non-adherence-in-hypertension-the-role-of-health-literacy-empowerment-and-medication-beliefs
#5
Lilla Náfrádi, Elisa Galimberti, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence is a major public health issue, creating obstacles to effective treatment of hypertension. Examining the underlying factors of deliberate and non-deliberate non-adherence is crucial to address this problem. Thus, the goal of the present study is to assess the socio-demographic, clinical and psychological determinants of intentional and unintentional non-adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March, 2015 and April, 2016...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083522/monitoring-polypharmacy-in-healthcare-systems-through-a-multi-setting-survey-should-we-put-more-attention-on-long-term-care-facilities
#6
Luca Arnoldo, Giovanni Cattani, Piergiorgio Cojutti, Federico Pea, Silvio Brusaferro
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is a main issue of patient safety in all healthcare settings (i.e. increase adverse drug reactions and incidence of drug-drug interactions, etc.). The main object of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of polypharmacy and the appropriateness of drugs prescriptions in the regional health system (RHS) of Friuli Venezia-Giulia Region, Italy. DESIGN AND METHODS: We carried out a point prevalence study in May 2014; 1582 patients ≥65 years were included from: 14 acute hospitals, 46 Long Term Care Facilities (LTCFs) and 42 general practitioners' (GPs) clinics...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083521/participatory-action-research-in-the-field-of-neonatal-intensive-care-developing-an-intervention-to-meet-the-fathers-needs-a-case-study
#7
Betty Noergaard, Helle Johannessen, Jesper Fenger-Gron, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Jette Ammentorp
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) health care professionals typically give most of their attention to the infants and the mothers while many fathers feel uncertain and have an unmet need for support and guidance. This paper describes and discusses participatory action research (PAR) as a method to improve NICUs' service for fathers. Our goal is to develop a father-friendly NICU where both the needs of fathers and mothers are met using an approach based on PAR that involves fathers, mothers, interdisciplinary healthcare professionals, and managers...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083520/prevalence-of-diabetes-in-the-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-and-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Alaa Badawi, Seung Gwan Ryoo
Over the past two decades a number of severe acute respiratory infection outbreaks such as the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have emerged and presented a considerable global public health threat. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetic subjects are more susceptible to these conditions. However, the prevalence of diabetes in H1N1 and MERS-CoV has not been systematically described. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published reports documenting the prevalence of diabetes in H1N1 and MERS-CoV and compare its frequency in the two viral conditions...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747205/public-obligation-and-individual-freedom-how-to-fill-the-gap-the-case-of-vaccinations
#9
Giovanni Boniolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747204/burden-of-fire-injuries-in-finland-lost-productivity-and-benefits
#10
Kari Haikonen, Pirjo M Lillsunde
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the economic burden of fire-related injury from two perspectives: post-injury social security compensations and also productivity losses due to the lost productive time from a societal perspective induced by the injury. Design and methods: A cohort of 1503 inpatients who sustained fire-related injury during the period 2001-2005 was retrospectively followed up for 5-10 years until the end of 2010, using linkages between several administrative registers. The study process was started in 2015 and finalized on March 2016...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747203/maternal-deaths-databases-analysis-ecuador-2003-2013
#11
Antonio Pino, María Albán, Alejandra Rivas, Erika Rodríguez
Background: Maternal mortality ratio in Ecuador is the only millennium goal on which national agencies are still making strong efforts to reach 2015 target. The purpose of the study was to process national maternal death databases to identify a specific association pattern of variable included in the death certificate. Design and methods: The study processed mortality databases published yearly by the National Census and Statistics Institute (INEC). Data analysed were exclusively maternal deaths. Data corresponds to the 2003-2013 period, accessible through INEC's website...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747202/dual-perspectives-on-stigma-reports-of-experienced-and-enacted-stigma-by-those-affected-and-unaffected-by-podoconiosis
#12
Desta Ayode, Abebayehu Tora, David Farrell, Getnet Tadele, Gail Davey, Colleen M McBride
Background: Disease-related stigma is a public health concern steadily gaining global attention. Evidence consistently shows that an individual's attribution of disease cause can prompt or justify interpersonal stigma. However, few studies have explored causal beliefs about inherited disease and their influence on stigmatising behaviours in low and middle income countries. Design and methods: The study was conducted in 2013, in six communities in Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia. A total of 1800 respondents took part in the study, 600 were affected by an inherited disease and 1200 were unaffected neighbours...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747201/ageing-chronic-disease-and-injury-a-study-in-western-victoria-australia
#13
M Amber Sajjad, Kara L Holloway, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S Page, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
Background: An increasing burden of chronic disease and associated health service delivery is expected due to the ageing Australian population. Injuries also affect health and wellbeing and have a long-term impact on health service utilisation. There is a lack of comprehensive data on disease and injury in rural and regional areas of Australia. The aim of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury study is to compile data from various sources to better describe the patterns of chronic disease and injury across western Victoria...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747200/pharmacoepidemiological-data-from-drug-dispensing-charities-as-a-measure-of-health-patterns-in-a-population-not-assisted-by-the-italian-national-health-service
#14
Silvia Bini, Cesare Cerri, Antonello E Rigamonti, Pietro A Bertazzi, Gianfrancesco Fiorini, Silvano G Cella
We analysed drug dispensation by charitable organisations in a year time. Drugs were grouped according to the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical classification and the amount dispensed was calculated with the system of the Daily Defined Dose (DDD) and expressed as DDD/1000 subjects/day. A number of 87,550 subjects were studied (13,308 Italians; 74,242 Immigrants). Though we noticed a great sesonal variability, the drugs most frequently dispensed were those for the respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal system and antibiotics, which is different from the rest of the Italian population and the immigrant population assisted by our National Health Service (NHS)...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747199/the-search-conference-as-a-method-in-planning-community-health-promotion-actions
#15
Eva Magnus, Margunn Skjei Knudtsen, Guri Wist, Daniel Weiss, Monica Lillefjell
Aims: The aim of this article is to describe and discuss how the search conference can be used as a method for planning health promotion actions in local communities. Design and methods: The article draws on experiences with using the method for an innovative project in health promotion in three Norwegian municipalities. The method is described both in general and how it was specifically adopted for the project. Results and conclusions: The search conference as a method was used to develop evidence-based health promotion action plans...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747198/a-comparison-of-students-and-non-students-with-respect-to-orientation-toward-e-cigarettes
#16
Craig W Trumbo, Raquel Harper
We examine differences between college students and non-students with respect to orientation toward e-cigarettes. Participants were U.S. adults 18-24 (465 students, 409 non-students). Data collection employed an online survey by GfK Custom Research. Smoking, vaping, and use of alternate tobacco were assessed, as were variables from the Theory of Reasoned Action and Diffusion of Innovations. This study showed that smoking status largely explains use and orientation toward electronic cigarettes among both students and non-students, with differences attributable to higher smoking rates among non-students...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190983/putting-population-and-global-health-on-the-agenda-of-health-professionals
#17
Robyn Woodward-Kron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190982/learning-about-self-leadership-skills-for-public-health
#18
Rob Moodie
As public health practitioners and as clinicians we are taught to care for our patients, and for our community members. But how much do we teach and learn about how to lead, manage and care for our colleagues, our team members and ourselves? This paper emphasizes the need for leadership learning and teaching to become an essential element of the practice of public health. The paper presents the author's perspective on the leadership skills required for public health and describes a five-day intensive course designed to enable participants to develop these skills over time...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190981/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-public-health-online-and-integrated-into-core-master-of-public-health-subjects
#19
Lynnell Angus, Shaun Ewen, Leanne Coombe
The Master of Public Health (MPH) is an internationally recognised post-graduate qualification for building the public health workforce. In Australia, MPH graduate attributes include six Indigenous public health (IPH) competencies. The University of Melbourne MPH program includes five core subjects and ten specialisation streams, of which one is Indigenous health. Unless students complete this specialisation or electives in Indigenous health, it is possible for students to graduate without attaining the IPH competencies...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190980/teaching-about-climate-change-in-medical-education-an-opportunity
#20
Janie Maxwell, Grant Blashki
Climate change threatens many of the gains in development and health over the last century. However, it could also be a catalyst for a necessary societal transformation to a sustainable and healthy future. Doctors have a crucial role in climate change mitigation and health system adaptation to prepare for emergent health threats and a carbon-constrained future. This paper argues that climate change should be integrated into medical education for three reasons: first, to prepare students for clinical practice in a climate-changing world; secondly, to promote public health and eco-health literacy; and finally, to deepen existing learning and strengthen graduate attributes...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
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