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Journal of Public Health Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780769/share-a-data-set-for-ageing-research
#1
Guglielmo Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780768/lack-of-school-requirements-and-clinician-recommendations-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#2
Linda M Niccolai, Anna L North, Alison Footman, Caitlin E Hansen
Background: A strong recommendation from a clinician is one of the best predictors of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among adolescents, yet many clinicians do not provide effective recommendations. The objective of this study was to understand how the lack of school entry requirements for HPV vaccination influences clinicians' recommendations. Design and Methods: Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 32 clinicians were conducted in 2015 in Connecticut USA...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780767/effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-school-based-intervention-to-reduce-bullying-among-adolescents-in-chandigarh-north-india-a-quasi-experimental-study-protocol
#3
Monica Rana, Madhu Gupta, Prahbhjot Malhi, Sandeep Grover, Manmeet Kaur
Background: Bullying perpetration and victimization is associated with significant academic, psychosocial and health related problems among adolescents. There is a need to develop effective interventions to prevent bullying among adolescents, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper presents the study protocol to develop, and evaluate the effect of multi-component school based prevention program for bullying in India. Design: Quasi-experimental study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780766/racial-ethnic-differences-in-health-insurance-adequacy-and-consistency-among-children-evidence-from-the-2011-12-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#4
Tulay G Soylu, Eman Elashkar, Fatemah Aloudah, Munir Ahmed, Panagiota Kitsantas
Background: Surveillance of disparities in healthcare insurance, services and quality of care among children are critical for properly serving the medical/healthcare needs of underserved populations. The purpose of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in children's (0 to 17 years old) health insurance adequacy and consistency (child has insurance coverage for the last 12 months). Design and methods: We used data from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health (n=79,474)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780765/alcohol-brand-use-of-youth-appealing-advertising-and-consumption-by-youth-and-adults
#5
Alisa A Padon, Rajiv N Rimal, Michael Siegel, William DeJong, Timothy S Naimi, David H JernFigan
Background: Youth exposure to alcohol marketing has been shown to be an important contributor to the problem of underage drinking in the U.S. More work is needed on identifying and minimizing content with particular appeal to youth. Design and Methods: We tested the association between the youth-appeal of marketing content of televised alcohol advertisements and the brand-specific alcohol consumption of both underage youth and adults. We used existing data from three sources: a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among underage youth ( N =1032), a brand-specific alcohol consumption survey among adults ( N ~13,000), and an analysis of content appealing to youth (CAY) in a sample of televised alcohol advertisements ( n =96) aired during the youth survey...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780764/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-built-environment-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#6
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780763/-lancerhealth-using-twitter-and-instagram-as-a-tool-in-a-campus-wide-health-promotion-initiative
#7
Sara Santarossa, Sarah J Woodruff
The present study aimed to explore using popular technology that people already have/use as a health promotion tool, in a campus wide social media health promotion initiative, entitled #LancerHealth . During a two-week period the university community was asked to share photos on Twitter and Instagram of What does being healthy on campus look like to you ?, while tagging the image with #LancerHealth . All publically tagged media was collected using the Netlytic software and analysed. Text analysis (N=234 records, Twitter; N=141 records, Instagram) revealed that the majority of the conversation was positive and focused on health and the university...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780762/framing-and-visual-type-effect-on-future-zika-vaccine-uptake-intent
#8
Jeanine P D Guidry, Kellie E Carlyle, Jessica G LaRose, Paul Perrin, Mark Ryan, Marcus Messner, Jay Adams
Introduction: The Zika virus is associated with the birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not available in early- 2017, several were under development. This study's purpose was to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Design and methods: In order to study the effects of Zika message framing (gain vs . loss) and visual type (photo vs . infographic) on future Zika vaccine uptake intent, a 2×2 between-subjects experiment was performed via an online survey in 2017 among 339 U...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#9
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780760/has-the-janani-suraksha-yojana-a-conditional-maternity-benefit-transfer-scheme-succeeded-in-reducing-the-economic-burden-of-maternity-in-rural-india-evidence-from-the-varanasi-district-of-uttar-pradesh
#10
Saradiya Mukherjee, Aditya Singh
Background: One of the constraints in the utilisation of maternal healthcare in India is the out-of-pocket expenditure. To improve the utilisation and to reduce the out-of-pocket expenditure, India launched a cash incentive scheme, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides monetary incentive to the mothers delivering in public facility. However, no study has yet examined the extent to which the JSY payments reduce the maternal healthcare induced catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditure burden of the households...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441332/are-the-ethical-committees-for-pharmacological-research-bureaucratic-bodies
#11
Bruno Mario Cesana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441331/fear-of-crime-and-its-relationship-to-self-reported-health-and-stress-among-men
#12
Gloria Macassa, Rocio Winersjö, Katarina Wijk, Cormac McGrath, Nader Ahmadi, Joaquim Soares
Background: Fear of crime is a growing social and public health problem globally, including in developed countries such as Sweden. This study investigated the impact of fear of crime on self-reported health and stress among men living in Gävleborg County. Design and Methods: The study used data collected from 2993 men through a cross sectional survey in the 2014 Health in Equal Terms survey. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to study the relationship between fear of crime and self-reported health and stress...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441330/measurement-of-health-system-performance-at-district-level-a-study-protocol
#13
Atul Sharma, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal
Background: Limited efforts have been observed in low and middle income countries to undertake health system performance assessment at district level. Absence of a comprehensive data collection tool and lack of a standardised single summary measure defining overall performance are some of the main problems. Present study has been undertaken to develop a summary composite health system performance index at district level. Methods: A broad range of indicators covering all six domains as per building block framework were finalized by an expert panel...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441329/social-marketing-for-a-farmer-s-market-in-an-underserved-community-a-needs-assessment
#14
Meg Skizim, Melinda Sothern, Ondrej Blaha, Tung Sung Tseng, Lauren Griffiths, Jonathan Joseph, Henry Nuss
The aim of the present paper is to assess local residents' awareness of utilizing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to purchase fresh produce at local farmers' markets, and to determine internet use and media preferences of study participants prior to implementation of a social marketing campaign. A needs assessment was conducted to collect baseline data in an underserved neighbourhood in New Orleans (La, USA). The study was carried out August 2014-May 2015. The assessment revealed that 73% of the respondents were unaware that the SNAP benefits could be used to purchase food in farmers' markets; 63% of low-income participants never attended a farmers' market compared to 27% of mid/high-income...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291195/self-esteem-propensity-for-sensation-seeking-and-risk-behaviour-among-adults-with-tattoos-and-piercings
#15
Bo-Kyung Hong, Hyo Young Lee
Background: In recent years, increasing numbers of adults and adolescents have opted to undergo tattoo and piercing procedures. Studies among adolescents with tattoo and piercing have usually explored the relationship between one factor and the decision to have tattoos and/or piercings. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between body cosmetic procedures and selfesteem, propensity for sensation seeking, and risk behaviours among adults. Materials and Methods: The subjects were divided into two groups, i...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291194/the-evaluation-of-total-mercury-and-arsenic-in-skin-bleaching-creams-commonly-used-in-trinidad-and-tobago-and-their-potential-risk-to-the-people-of-the-caribbean
#16
Terry Mohammed, Elisabeth Mohammed, Shermel Bascombe
Background. Skin lightening is very popular among women and some men of the Caribbean, and its popularity appears to be growing. The lightening of skin colour is done to produce a lighter complexion which is believed to increase attractiveness, social standing and improves one's potential of being successful. Design and Methods. Fifteen (15) common skin lightening creams found in pharmacies and cosmetic retailers throughout Trinidad and Tobago were evaluated for Mercury by Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (CVAAS) and Arsenic by Hydride Generation Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (HGAAS)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291193/-jump2health-website-%C3%A2-for-head-start-parents-to-promote-a-healthy-home-environment-results-from-formative-research
#17
Navya Gurajada, Debra B Reed, Ashlee L Taylor
Background: In US, approximately 23% of children between the ages of 2-5 years are overweight or obese. Parents need access to information to create healthy home environments for obesity prevention, yet participation for in-person education programs is challenging. Web-based interventions are promising educational tools due to 24/7 availability. However, information is limited on their development and evaluation. Design and Methods: This study reports on a rigorous development process that included six focus group discussions (FGD) with stakeholders (three FGD each with parents and teachers) to assess education needs and inform the development of the Jump2Health Website™ by a multidisciplinary team...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291192/trends-in-5-10-20-and-30-year-survival-rates-of-beta-thalassemia-patients-in-southern-iran-1995-2016-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Jafar Hassanzadeh, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Mehran Karimi, Yousef Veisani, Shahab Rezaeian
Background: There is currently lack of knowledge about survival trend analysis of thalassemia patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-year survival of thalassemia patients over a 20-year time period. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we analysed the data of 982 beta-thalassemia patients in Iran. Birth cohort and traditional cohort analyses were used to obtain the 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-year survival rates in various time intervals between 1995 and 2016. Results: Five and 10-year survival rates remained unchanged since 1995-2016...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291191/experiences-of-unemployment-and-well-being-after-job-loss-during-economic-recession-results-of-a-qualitative-study-in-east-central-sweden
#19
Anne-Sofie Hiswåls, Anneli Marttila, Emelie Mälstam, Gloria Macassa
Introduction: Several studies have revealed an association between unemployment and ill health, and shown that unemployment can affect people differently. This study aimed to provide an understanding of the experiences of unemployment and perceptions of wellbeing among persons who involuntary lost their work during the recent economic recession in Gävle Municipality. Methods: Sixteen unemployed men and women aged 28-62 were interviewed face-to-face. A purposeful sampling strategy was used in order to suit the research question and to increase the variation among informants...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291190/perceptions-of-molecular-epidemiology-studies-of-hiv-among-stakeholders
#20
Cynthia Schairer, Sanjay R Mehta, Staal A Vinterbo, Martin Hoenigl, Michael Kalichman, Susan Little
Background: Advances in viral sequence analysis make it possible to track the spread of infectious pathogens, such as HIV, within a population. When used to study HIV, these analyses ( i.e ., molecular epidemiology) potentially allow inference of the identity of individual research subjects. Current privacy standards are likely insufficient for this type of public health research. To address this challenge, it will be important to understand how stakeholders feel about the benefits and risks of such research...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
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