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Journal of Public Health Research

Alisa Padon, Rajiv N Rimal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Elena M Magwene, Ana R Quiñones, Gillian L Marshall, Lena K Makaroun, Stephen Thielke
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) shows strong associations with measures of health and well-being. Increasingly, studies have used self-rated mental health (SRMH) as a predictor of various outcomes, independently or together with SRH. Research has not firmly established if and how these two constructs differ. We sought to characterize the relationship between SRH and SRMH, and to determine how this relationship differed across subgroups defined by sociodemographic and health-related characteristics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Fadda Marta, Galimberti Elisa, Romanò Luisa, Faccini Marino, Senatore Sabrina, Zanetti Alessandro, Schulz Peter J
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parents' empowerment is advocated to promote and preserve an informed and autonomous decision regarding their children' immunization. The scope of this study is to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure parents' psychological empowerment in their children's vaccination decision and propose a context-specific definition of this construct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Grounding in previous qualitative data, we generated an initial pool of items which was later content and face validated by a panel of experts...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Materko Wollner, Benchimol-Barbosa Paulo Roberto, Silva Carvalho Alysson Roncally, Nadal Jurandir, Luis Santos Edil
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a disease characterized by the excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity is considered a public health problem, leading to serious social, psychological and physical problems. However, the appropriate cut-off point of body mass index (BMI) based on body fat percentage (BF%) for classifying an individual as obese in middle-aged adults living in Rio de Janeiro remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study comprising of 856 adults (413 men and 443 women) living in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ranging from 30-59 years of age...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Brown Heidi E, Mu Wangshu, Khan Mohammed, Tsang Clarisse, Liu Jian, Tong Daoqin
BACKGROUND: Valley fever is a fungal infection occurring in desert regions of the U.S. and Central and South America. Environmental risk mapping for this disease is hampered by challenges with detection, case reporting, and diagnostics as well as challenges common to spatial data handling. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using 12,349 individual cases in Arizona from 2006 to 2009, we analyzed risk factors at both the individual and area levels. RESULTS: Risk factors including elderly population, income status, soil organic carbon, and density of residential area were found to be positively associated with residence of Valley fever cases...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Etchegary Holly, Dicks Elizabeth, McCrate Farah, Powell Erin, Chafe Joanne, Roome Rebecca, Simmonds Charlene
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains the second-leading cause of cancer death among Canadian women. Treatment for breast cancer often includes surgery. Many women have a choice between mastectomy (MT; removal of the entire breast) or breast conserving surgery (BCS; removal of the tumour and some noncancerous breast tissue) followed by radiation. However, Newfoundland and Labrador consistently has a higher rate of mastectomies than the rest of Canada. In this project, we aim to better understand that trend...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Erica Monrose, Jessica Ledergerber, Derrick Acheampong, Lina Jandorf
BACKGROUND: To assess participants' reasons for seeking cancer screening information at community health fairs and what they do with the information they receive. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mixed quantitative and qualitative approach was used. Community health fairs are organized in underserved New York City neighbourhoods. From June 14, 2016 to August 26, 2016, cancer prevention tables providing information about various cancer screenings were established at 12 local community health fairs in New York City...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Jalambadani Zeinab, Garmaroudi Gholamreza, Yaseri Mehdi, Tavousi Mahmood, Jafarian Korush
BACKGROUND: The Trans-Theoretical model (TTM) and Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) may be promising models for understanding and predicting reduction in the consumption of fast food. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of the Trans-Theoretical model (TTM) and the additional predictive role of the subjective norms and perceived behavioural control in predicting reduction consumption of fast food in obese Iranian adolescent girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study design was conducted among twelve randomly selected schools in Sabzevar, Iran from 2015 to 2017...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ahmed Syed Meraj, Mansour Mohammed Al
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Saudi school children has achieved epidemic proportions because of enriched lifestyles. The aim of this study is to conduct a baseline study of such risk factors in a young population at the cusp of high-end technology and material comfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school children using parental assisted self-questionnaires and anthropometric assessment of their vital statistics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ikuma Nozaki, Koji Wada, Osamu Utsunomiya
While Japan's success in achieving universal health insurance over a short period with controlled healthcare costs has been studied from various perspectives, that of beneficiaries have been overlooked. We conducted a secondary analysis of an opinion poll on health insurance in 1967, immediately after reaching universal coverage. We found that people continued to face a slight barrier to healthcare access (26.8% felt medical expenses were a heavy burden) and had high expectations for health insurance (60.5% were satisfied with insured medical services and 82...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Valentina Viego, Karina Temporelli
BACKGROUND: Hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia are the most frequent and diagnosed chronic diseases in Argentina. They contribute largely to the burden of chronic disease and they are strongly influenced by a small number of risk factors. These risk factors are all modifiable at the population and individual level and offer major prospects for their prevention. We are interested in socioeconomic determinants of prevalence of those 3 specific diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: We estimate 3-equation probit model, combined with 3 separate probit estimations and a probit-based Heckman correction considering possible sample selection bias...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ratana Somrongthong, Sunanta Wongchalee, Chandrika Ramakrishnan, Donnapa Hongthong, Korravarn Yodmai, Nualnong Wongtongkam
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of older people is a significant issue in Thailand, resulted in growing demands of health and social welfare services. The study aim was to explore the influence of socioeconomic factors on activities of daily living and quality of life of Thai seniors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using randomised cluster sampling, one province was sampled from each of the Central, North, Northeast and South regions, then one subdistrict sampled in each province, and a household survey used to identify the sample of 1678 seniors aged 60 years and over...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Claudia Archetti, Alessandro Montanelli, Dario Finazzi, Luigi Caimi, Emirena Garrafa
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a case study of an automated clinical laboratory in a large urban academic teaching hospital in the North of Italy, the Spedali Civili in Brescia, where four laboratories were merged in a unique laboratory through the introduction of laboratory automation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis compares the preautomation situation and the new setting from a cost perspective, by considering direct and indirect costs. It also presents an analysis of the turnaround time (TAT)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Dawn Adele Owen, Judy Hutchings
BACKGROUND: COPING parent (Confident Parent Internet Guide) is an online universal parenting programme designed for parents of children aged 3-8 who are interested in learning positive parenting strategies to address everyday parenting challenges. Most people now have access to the internet and many parents seek online parenting advice, so it is important to ensure that advice is both evidence-based and freely available. The 10-week online COPING parent programme presents information and activities based on core social learning theory principles...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn, Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu, Dagninet Derebe Abie, Getachew Mengistu Ayalneh, Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, Mequanint Taddele Tessema
INTRODUCTION: Currently, diabetes is the second most common non-communicable disease (NCD) in Ethiopia. Its burden is 4.8% in this country, even though three quarter of its population live with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM), which causes complications like heart failure, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves damages. Early detection of DM is vital for a timely intervention to prevent these life threatening complications. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed DM and related factors in East Gojjam, North West Ethiopia, in 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Mansour Haddad, Mohamed Elsaed Ebada
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate drug use, including prescribed and over-the-counter medications, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It also contributes to unnecessary expenditure on health services. This survey was undertaken to investigate the incidence of drug misuse and associated socioeconomic/demographic characteristics in Irbid, Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: The present cross section study was conducted using a validated 5-point Likert scale questionnaire to be self-reported by 480 outpatients visiting clinics in three major medical centres in Irbid, Jordan between 20th October 2015 and 27th November 2015...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Quan-Hoang Vuong
BACKGROUND: Over the past 15 years or so, in Vietnam, a phenomenon has steadily grown more and more widespread: the forming of co-located patients communities. Poor patients choose to live together, seeking/lending supports from/to one another. Despite the undeniable existence of these communities, little is researched or known about how co-located patients perceive the value of what they receive as cluster members, or how they assess their future connection to the communities they are living in...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Rupali J Limaye, Tara M Sullivan, Scott Dalessandro, Ann Hendrix Jenkins
Knowledge management plays a critical role in global health. Global health practitioners require knowledge in every aspect of their jobs, and in resource-scarce contexts, practitioners must be able to rely on a knowledge management system to access the latest research and practice to ensure the highest quality of care. However, we suggest that there is a gap in the way knowledge management is primarily utilized in global health, namely, the systematic incorporation of human and social factors. In this paper, we briefly outline the evolution of knowledge management and then propose a conceptualization of knowledge management that incorporates human and social factors for use within a global health context...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Csaba Varga, István Kiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
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