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Journal of Public Health Research

Ikuma Nozaki, Koji Wada, Osamu Utsunomiya
While Japan's success in achieving universal health insurance over a short period with controlled healthcare costs has been studied from various perspectives, that of beneficiaries have been overlooked. We conducted a secondary analysis of an opinion poll on health insurance in 1967, immediately after reaching universal coverage. We found that people continued to face a slight barrier to healthcare access (26.8% felt medical expenses were a heavy burden) and had high expectations for health insurance (60.5% were satisfied with insured medical services and 82...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Valentina Viego, Karina Temporelli
BACKGROUND: Hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia are the most frequent and diagnosed chronic diseases in Argentina. They contribute largely to the burden of chronic disease and they are strongly influenced by a small number of risk factors. These risk factors are all modifiable at the population and individual level and offer major prospects for their prevention. We are interested in socioeconomic determinants of prevalence of those 3 specific diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: We estimate 3-equation probit model, combined with 3 separate probit estimations and a probit-based Heckman correction considering possible sample selection bias...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ratana Somrongthong, Sunanta Wongchalee, Chandrika Ramakrishnan, Donnapa Hongthong, Korravarn Yodmai, Nualnong Wongtongkam
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of older people is a significant issue in Thailand, resulted in growing demands of health and social welfare services. The study aim was to explore the influence of socioeconomic factors on activities of daily living and quality of life of Thai seniors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using randomised cluster sampling, one province was sampled from each of the Central, North, Northeast and South regions, then one subdistrict sampled in each province, and a household survey used to identify the sample of 1678 seniors aged 60 years and over...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Claudia Archetti, Alessandro Montanelli, Dario Finazzi, Luigi Caimi, Emirena Garrafa
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a case study of an automated clinical laboratory in a large urban academic teaching hospital in the North of Italy, the Spedali Civili in Brescia, where four laboratories were merged in a unique laboratory through the introduction of laboratory automation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis compares the preautomation situation and the new setting from a cost perspective, by considering direct and indirect costs. It also presents an analysis of the turnaround time (TAT)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Dawn Adele Owen, Judy Hutchings
BACKGROUND: COPING parent (Confident Parent Internet Guide) is an online universal parenting programme designed for parents of children aged 3-8 who are interested in learning positive parenting strategies to address everyday parenting challenges. Most people now have access to the internet and many parents seek online parenting advice, so it is important to ensure that advice is both evidence-based and freely available. The 10-week online COPING parent programme presents information and activities based on core social learning theory principles...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Amsalu Taye Wondemagegn, Habtamu Mellie Bizuayehu, Dagninet Derebe Abie, Getachew Mengistu Ayalneh, Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, Mequanint Taddele Tessema
INTRODUCTION: Currently, diabetes is the second most common non-communicable disease (NCD) in Ethiopia. Its burden is 4.8% in this country, even though three quarter of its population live with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM), which causes complications like heart failure, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves damages. Early detection of DM is vital for a timely intervention to prevent these life threatening complications. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed DM and related factors in East Gojjam, North West Ethiopia, in 2016...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Mansour Haddad, Mohamed Elsaed Ebada
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate drug use, including prescribed and over-the-counter medications, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It also contributes to unnecessary expenditure on health services. This survey was undertaken to investigate the incidence of drug misuse and associated socioeconomic/demographic characteristics in Irbid, Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: The present cross section study was conducted using a validated 5-point Likert scale questionnaire to be self-reported by 480 outpatients visiting clinics in three major medical centres in Irbid, Jordan between 20th October 2015 and 27th November 2015...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Quan-Hoang Vuong
BACKGROUND: Over the past 15 years or so, in Vietnam, a phenomenon has steadily grown more and more widespread: the forming of co-located patients communities. Poor patients choose to live together, seeking/lending supports from/to one another. Despite the undeniable existence of these communities, little is researched or known about how co-located patients perceive the value of what they receive as cluster members, or how they assess their future connection to the communities they are living in...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Rupali J Limaye, Tara M Sullivan, Scott Dalessandro, Ann Hendrix Jenkins
Knowledge management plays a critical role in global health. Global health practitioners require knowledge in every aspect of their jobs, and in resource-scarce contexts, practitioners must be able to rely on a knowledge management system to access the latest research and practice to ensure the highest quality of care. However, we suggest that there is a gap in the way knowledge management is primarily utilized in global health, namely, the systematic incorporation of human and social factors. In this paper, we briefly outline the evolution of knowledge management and then propose a conceptualization of knowledge management that incorporates human and social factors for use within a global health context...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Csaba Varga, István Kiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Animesh Biswas, Abdul Halim, Fazlur Rahman, Charli Eriksson, Koustuv Dalal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and neonatal death review (MNDR) introduced in Bangladesh and initially piloted in a district during 2010. MNDR is able to capture each of the maternal, neonatal deaths and stillbirths from the community and government facilities (hospitals). This study aimed to estimate the cost required to implement MNDR in a district of Bangladesh during 2010-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNDR was implemented in Thakurgaon district in 2010 and later gradually extended until 2015...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Elisabetta Ceretti, Massimo Moretti, Ilaria Zerbini, Milena Villarini, Claudia Zani, Silvano Monarca, Donatella Feretti
Many studies have shown the presence of numerous organic genotoxins and carcinogens in drinking water. These toxic substances derive not only from pollution, but also from the disinfection treatments, particularly when water is obtained from surface sources and then chlorinated. Most of the chlorinated compounds in drinking water are nonvolatile and are difficult to characterize. Thus, it has been proposed to study such complex mixtures using short-term genotoxicity tests predictive of carcinogenic activity...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Gaia Claudia Viviana Viola, Francesca Bianchi, Elia Croce, Elisabetta Ceretti
Chronic diseases related to unbalanced and unhealthy eating habits have definitely become one of the major issues of modern age, not only in western countries but also in those ones where rapid economic growth has increased global prosperity levels. In order to avoid medical systems to collapse under excessive costs, International and Public Organizations strongly support health policies that aim to make people shift towards wholesome dietary patterns, also encouraging the use of food-labels to choose healthier products...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Lilla Náfrádi, Elisa Galimberti, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence is a major public health issue, creating obstacles to effective treatment of hypertension. Examining the underlying factors of deliberate and non-deliberate non-adherence is crucial to address this problem. Thus, the goal of the present study is to assess the socio-demographic, clinical and psychological determinants of intentional and unintentional non-adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March, 2015 and April, 2016...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Luca Arnoldo, Giovanni Cattani, Piergiorgio Cojutti, Federico Pea, Silvio Brusaferro
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is a main issue of patient safety in all healthcare settings (i.e. increase adverse drug reactions and incidence of drug-drug interactions, etc.). The main object of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of polypharmacy and the appropriateness of drugs prescriptions in the regional health system (RHS) of Friuli Venezia-Giulia Region, Italy. DESIGN AND METHODS: We carried out a point prevalence study in May 2014; 1582 patients ≥65 years were included from: 14 acute hospitals, 46 Long Term Care Facilities (LTCFs) and 42 general practitioners' (GPs) clinics...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Betty Noergaard, Helle Johannessen, Jesper Fenger-Gron, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Jette Ammentorp
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) health care professionals typically give most of their attention to the infants and the mothers while many fathers feel uncertain and have an unmet need for support and guidance. This paper describes and discusses participatory action research (PAR) as a method to improve NICUs' service for fathers. Our goal is to develop a father-friendly NICU where both the needs of fathers and mothers are met using an approach based on PAR that involves fathers, mothers, interdisciplinary healthcare professionals, and managers...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Alaa Badawi, Seung Gwan Ryoo
Over the past two decades a number of severe acute respiratory infection outbreaks such as the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have emerged and presented a considerable global public health threat. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that diabetic subjects are more susceptible to these conditions. However, the prevalence of diabetes in H1N1 and MERS-CoV has not been systematically described. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published reports documenting the prevalence of diabetes in H1N1 and MERS-CoV and compare its frequency in the two viral conditions...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Giovanni Boniolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Kari Haikonen, Pirjo M Lillsunde
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the economic burden of fire-related injury from two perspectives: post-injury social security compensations and also productivity losses due to the lost productive time from a societal perspective induced by the injury. Design and methods: A cohort of 1503 inpatients who sustained fire-related injury during the period 2001-2005 was retrospectively followed up for 5-10 years until the end of 2010, using linkages between several administrative registers. The study process was started in 2015 and finalized on March 2016...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
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