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Journal of Public Health Research

Bruno Mario Cesana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Gloria Macassa, Rocio Winersjö, Katarina Wijk, Cormac McGrath, Nader Ahmadi, Joaquim Soares
Background: Fear of crime is a growing social and public health problem globally, including in developed countries such as Sweden. This study investigated the impact of fear of crime on self-reported health and stress among men living in Gävleborg County. Design and Methods: The study used data collected from 2993 men through a cross sectional survey in the 2014 Health in Equal Terms survey. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to study the relationship between fear of crime and self-reported health and stress...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Atul Sharma, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal
Background: Limited efforts have been observed in low and middle income countries to undertake health system performance assessment at district level. Absence of a comprehensive data collection tool and lack of a standardised single summary measure defining overall performance are some of the main problems. Present study has been undertaken to develop a summary composite health system performance index at district level. Methods: A broad range of indicators covering all six domains as per building block framework were finalized by an expert panel...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Meg Skizim, Melinda Sothern, Ondrej Blaha, Tung Sung Tseng, Lauren Griffiths, Jonathan Joseph, Henry Nuss
The aim of the present paper is to assess local residents' awareness of utilizing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to purchase fresh produce at local farmers' markets, and to determine internet use and media preferences of study participants prior to implementation of a social marketing campaign. A needs assessment was conducted to collect baseline data in an underserved neighbourhood in New Orleans (La, USA). The study was carried out August 2014-May 2015. The assessment revealed that 73% of the respondents were unaware that the SNAP benefits could be used to purchase food in farmers' markets; 63% of low-income participants never attended a farmers' market compared to 27% of mid/high-income...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Bo-Kyung Hong, Hyo Young Lee
Background: In recent years, increasing numbers of adults and adolescents have opted to undergo tattoo and piercing procedures. Studies among adolescents with tattoo and piercing have usually explored the relationship between one factor and the decision to have tattoos and/or piercings. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between body cosmetic procedures and selfesteem, propensity for sensation seeking, and risk behaviours among adults. Materials and Methods: The subjects were divided into two groups, i...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Terry Mohammed, Elisabeth Mohammed, Shermel Bascombe
Background. Skin lightening is very popular among women and some men of the Caribbean, and its popularity appears to be growing. The lightening of skin colour is done to produce a lighter complexion which is believed to increase attractiveness, social standing and improves one's potential of being successful. Design and Methods. Fifteen (15) common skin lightening creams found in pharmacies and cosmetic retailers throughout Trinidad and Tobago were evaluated for Mercury by Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (CVAAS) and Arsenic by Hydride Generation Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (HGAAS)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Navya Gurajada, Debra B Reed, Ashlee L Taylor
Background: In US, approximately 23% of children between the ages of 2-5 years are overweight or obese. Parents need access to information to create healthy home environments for obesity prevention, yet participation for in-person education programs is challenging. Web-based interventions are promising educational tools due to 24/7 availability. However, information is limited on their development and evaluation. Design and Methods: This study reports on a rigorous development process that included six focus group discussions (FGD) with stakeholders (three FGD each with parents and teachers) to assess education needs and inform the development of the Jump2Health Website™ by a multidisciplinary team...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Jafar Hassanzadeh, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Mehran Karimi, Yousef Veisani, Shahab Rezaeian
Background: There is currently lack of knowledge about survival trend analysis of thalassemia patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-year survival of thalassemia patients over a 20-year time period. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we analysed the data of 982 beta-thalassemia patients in Iran. Birth cohort and traditional cohort analyses were used to obtain the 5-, 10-, 20-, and 30-year survival rates in various time intervals between 1995 and 2016. Results: Five and 10-year survival rates remained unchanged since 1995-2016...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Anne-Sofie Hiswåls, Anneli Marttila, Emelie Mälstam, Gloria Macassa
Introduction: Several studies have revealed an association between unemployment and ill health, and shown that unemployment can affect people differently. This study aimed to provide an understanding of the experiences of unemployment and perceptions of wellbeing among persons who involuntary lost their work during the recent economic recession in Gävle Municipality. Methods: Sixteen unemployed men and women aged 28-62 were interviewed face-to-face. A purposeful sampling strategy was used in order to suit the research question and to increase the variation among informants...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Cynthia Schairer, Sanjay R Mehta, Staal A Vinterbo, Martin Hoenigl, Michael Kalichman, Susan Little
Background: Advances in viral sequence analysis make it possible to track the spread of infectious pathogens, such as HIV, within a population. When used to study HIV, these analyses ( i.e ., molecular epidemiology) potentially allow inference of the identity of individual research subjects. Current privacy standards are likely insufficient for this type of public health research. To address this challenge, it will be important to understand how stakeholders feel about the benefits and risks of such research...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Alisa Padon, Rajiv N Rimal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Elena M Magwene, Ana R Quiñones, Gillian L Marshall, Lena K Makaroun, Stephen Thielke
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) shows strong associations with measures of health and well-being. Increasingly, studies have used self-rated mental health (SRMH) as a predictor of various outcomes, independently or together with SRH. Research has not firmly established if and how these two constructs differ. We sought to characterize the relationship between SRH and SRMH, and to determine how this relationship differed across subgroups defined by sociodemographic and health-related characteristics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Fadda Marta, Galimberti Elisa, Romanò Luisa, Faccini Marino, Senatore Sabrina, Zanetti Alessandro, Schulz Peter J
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parents' empowerment is advocated to promote and preserve an informed and autonomous decision regarding their children' immunization. The scope of this study is to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure parents' psychological empowerment in their children's vaccination decision and propose a context-specific definition of this construct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Grounding in previous qualitative data, we generated an initial pool of items which was later content and face validated by a panel of experts...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Materko Wollner, Benchimol-Barbosa Paulo Roberto, Silva Carvalho Alysson Roncally, Nadal Jurandir, Luis Santos Edil
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a disease characterized by the excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity is considered a public health problem, leading to serious social, psychological and physical problems. However, the appropriate cut-off point of body mass index (BMI) based on body fat percentage (BF%) for classifying an individual as obese in middle-aged adults living in Rio de Janeiro remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study comprising of 856 adults (413 men and 443 women) living in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ranging from 30-59 years of age...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Brown Heidi E, Mu Wangshu, Khan Mohammed, Tsang Clarisse, Liu Jian, Tong Daoqin
BACKGROUND: Valley fever is a fungal infection occurring in desert regions of the U.S. and Central and South America. Environmental risk mapping for this disease is hampered by challenges with detection, case reporting, and diagnostics as well as challenges common to spatial data handling. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using 12,349 individual cases in Arizona from 2006 to 2009, we analyzed risk factors at both the individual and area levels. RESULTS: Risk factors including elderly population, income status, soil organic carbon, and density of residential area were found to be positively associated with residence of Valley fever cases...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Etchegary Holly, Dicks Elizabeth, McCrate Farah, Powell Erin, Chafe Joanne, Roome Rebecca, Simmonds Charlene
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains the second-leading cause of cancer death among Canadian women. Treatment for breast cancer often includes surgery. Many women have a choice between mastectomy (MT; removal of the entire breast) or breast conserving surgery (BCS; removal of the tumour and some noncancerous breast tissue) followed by radiation. However, Newfoundland and Labrador consistently has a higher rate of mastectomies than the rest of Canada. In this project, we aim to better understand that trend...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Erica Monrose, Jessica Ledergerber, Derrick Acheampong, Lina Jandorf
BACKGROUND: To assess participants' reasons for seeking cancer screening information at community health fairs and what they do with the information they receive. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mixed quantitative and qualitative approach was used. Community health fairs are organized in underserved New York City neighbourhoods. From June 14, 2016 to August 26, 2016, cancer prevention tables providing information about various cancer screenings were established at 12 local community health fairs in New York City...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Jalambadani Zeinab, Garmaroudi Gholamreza, Yaseri Mehdi, Tavousi Mahmood, Jafarian Korush
BACKGROUND: The Trans-Theoretical model (TTM) and Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) may be promising models for understanding and predicting reduction in the consumption of fast food. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of the Trans-Theoretical model (TTM) and the additional predictive role of the subjective norms and perceived behavioural control in predicting reduction consumption of fast food in obese Iranian adolescent girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study design was conducted among twelve randomly selected schools in Sabzevar, Iran from 2015 to 2017...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ahmed Syed Meraj, Mansour Mohammed Al
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Saudi school children has achieved epidemic proportions because of enriched lifestyles. The aim of this study is to conduct a baseline study of such risk factors in a young population at the cusp of high-end technology and material comfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school children using parental assisted self-questionnaires and anthropometric assessment of their vital statistics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
Ikuma Nozaki, Koji Wada, Osamu Utsunomiya
While Japan's success in achieving universal health insurance over a short period with controlled healthcare costs has been studied from various perspectives, that of beneficiaries have been overlooked. We conducted a secondary analysis of an opinion poll on health insurance in 1967, immediately after reaching universal coverage. We found that people continued to face a slight barrier to healthcare access (26.8% felt medical expenses were a heavy burden) and had high expectations for health insurance (60.5% were satisfied with insured medical services and 82...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
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