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Journal of Public Health Research

Giovanni Boniolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Kari Haikonen, Pirjo M Lillsunde
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the economic burden of fire-related injury from two perspectives: post-injury social security compensations and also productivity losses due to the lost productive time from a societal perspective induced by the injury. Design and methods: A cohort of 1503 inpatients who sustained fire-related injury during the period 2001-2005 was retrospectively followed up for 5-10 years until the end of 2010, using linkages between several administrative registers. The study process was started in 2015 and finalized on March 2016...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Antonio Pino, María Albán, Alejandra Rivas, Erika Rodríguez
Background: Maternal mortality ratio in Ecuador is the only millennium goal on which national agencies are still making strong efforts to reach 2015 target. The purpose of the study was to process national maternal death databases to identify a specific association pattern of variable included in the death certificate. Design and methods: The study processed mortality databases published yearly by the National Census and Statistics Institute (INEC). Data analysed were exclusively maternal deaths. Data corresponds to the 2003-2013 period, accessible through INEC's website...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Desta Ayode, Abebayehu Tora, David Farrell, Getnet Tadele, Gail Davey, Colleen M McBride
Background: Disease-related stigma is a public health concern steadily gaining global attention. Evidence consistently shows that an individual's attribution of disease cause can prompt or justify interpersonal stigma. However, few studies have explored causal beliefs about inherited disease and their influence on stigmatising behaviours in low and middle income countries. Design and methods: The study was conducted in 2013, in six communities in Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia. A total of 1800 respondents took part in the study, 600 were affected by an inherited disease and 1200 were unaffected neighbours...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
M Amber Sajjad, Kara L Holloway, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S Page, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
Background: An increasing burden of chronic disease and associated health service delivery is expected due to the ageing Australian population. Injuries also affect health and wellbeing and have a long-term impact on health service utilisation. There is a lack of comprehensive data on disease and injury in rural and regional areas of Australia. The aim of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury study is to compile data from various sources to better describe the patterns of chronic disease and injury across western Victoria...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Silvia Bini, Cesare Cerri, Antonello E Rigamonti, Pietro A Bertazzi, Gianfrancesco Fiorini, Silvano G Cella
We analysed drug dispensation by charitable organisations in a year time. Drugs were grouped according to the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical classification and the amount dispensed was calculated with the system of the Daily Defined Dose (DDD) and expressed as DDD/1000 subjects/day. A number of 87,550 subjects were studied (13,308 Italians; 74,242 Immigrants). Though we noticed a great sesonal variability, the drugs most frequently dispensed were those for the respiratory, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal system and antibiotics, which is different from the rest of the Italian population and the immigrant population assisted by our National Health Service (NHS)...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Eva Magnus, Margunn Skjei Knudtsen, Guri Wist, Daniel Weiss, Monica Lillefjell
Aims: The aim of this article is to describe and discuss how the search conference can be used as a method for planning health promotion actions in local communities. Design and methods: The article draws on experiences with using the method for an innovative project in health promotion in three Norwegian municipalities. The method is described both in general and how it was specifically adopted for the project. Results and conclusions: The search conference as a method was used to develop evidence-based health promotion action plans...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Craig W Trumbo, Raquel Harper
We examine differences between college students and non-students with respect to orientation toward e-cigarettes. Participants were U.S. adults 18-24 (465 students, 409 non-students). Data collection employed an online survey by GfK Custom Research. Smoking, vaping, and use of alternate tobacco were assessed, as were variables from the Theory of Reasoned Action and Diffusion of Innovations. This study showed that smoking status largely explains use and orientation toward electronic cigarettes among both students and non-students, with differences attributable to higher smoking rates among non-students...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Robyn Woodward-Kron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Rob Moodie
As public health practitioners and as clinicians we are taught to care for our patients, and for our community members. But how much do we teach and learn about how to lead, manage and care for our colleagues, our team members and ourselves? This paper emphasizes the need for leadership learning and teaching to become an essential element of the practice of public health. The paper presents the author's perspective on the leadership skills required for public health and describes a five-day intensive course designed to enable participants to develop these skills over time...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Lynnell Angus, Shaun Ewen, Leanne Coombe
The Master of Public Health (MPH) is an internationally recognised post-graduate qualification for building the public health workforce. In Australia, MPH graduate attributes include six Indigenous public health (IPH) competencies. The University of Melbourne MPH program includes five core subjects and ten specialisation streams, of which one is Indigenous health. Unless students complete this specialisation or electives in Indigenous health, it is possible for students to graduate without attaining the IPH competencies...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Janie Maxwell, Grant Blashki
Climate change threatens many of the gains in development and health over the last century. However, it could also be a catalyst for a necessary societal transformation to a sustainable and healthy future. Doctors have a crucial role in climate change mitigation and health system adaptation to prepare for emergent health threats and a carbon-constrained future. This paper argues that climate change should be integrated into medical education for three reasons: first, to prepare students for clinical practice in a climate-changing world; secondly, to promote public health and eco-health literacy; and finally, to deepen existing learning and strengthen graduate attributes...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Menaka A Abuzar, Julie Owen
BACKGROUND: Indigenous people worldwide suffer from poor oral health as compared to non-Indigenous citizens. One of the approaches to bring about improvement in Indigenous oral health is to enhance the service provision by implementing oral health outplacement programmes. A case study of such a programme for dental students in Australia reports how an educational institution can successfully engage with an Indigenous oral health service to provide learning experiences to the students as well as deliver much needed services to the community...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Robyn Woodward-Kron, Jo-Anne Hughson, Anna Parker, Agnese Bresin, John Hajek, Ute Knoch, Tuong Dien Phan, David Story
BACKGROUND: Low-participation of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients in medical research remains a problem in migrant and refugee destination countries such as Australia. The aims of this study were to explore i) CALD persons' perceptions and experiences of the medical system and medical research, in this case, older Italian Australians; and ii) the views of research professionals on CALD patient participation in medical research. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in Melbourne, Australia, in 2015 utilising in-depth interviews and focus groups with four stakeholder groups: older Italian Australians (n=21); adult children of older Italian Australians (n=10); hospital Human Research Ethics Committee administrators (n=4); and clinical researchers (n=4)...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Kathleen Gray
Health informatics has a major role to play in optimising the management and use of data, information and knowledge in health systems. As health systems undergo digital transformation, it is important to consider informatics approaches not only to curriculum content but also to the design of learning environments and learning activities for health professional learning and development. An example of such an informatics approach is the use of large-scale, integrated public health platforms on the Internet as part of health professional learning and development...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Jessica Lees, Gillian Webb, Frances Coulston, Aidan Smart, Louisa Remedios
OBJECTIVE: To design and implement an international and interprofessional Global Learning Partnership Model, which involves shared learning between academics and students from Universitas 21 network with other universities with United Nations Millennium Development Goal needs. DESIGN: Two literature reviews were conducted to inform ethical aspects and curriculum design of the GLP model. Feedback from conference presentations and consultation with experts in education and public health has been incorporated to inform the current iteration of the GLP model...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Phyllis Min-Yu Lau, Robyn Woodward-Kron, Karen Livesay, Kristine Elliott, Patricia Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Cultural Respect Encompassing Simulation Training (CREST) is a learning program that uses simulation to provide health professional students and practitioners with strategies to communicate sensitively with culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients. It consists of training modules with a cultural competency evaluation framework and CALD simulated patients to interact with trainees in immersive simulation scenarios. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of expanding the delivery of CREST to rural Australia using live video streaming; and to investigate the fidelity of cultural sensitivity - defined within the process of cultural competency which includes awareness, knowledge, skills, encounters and desire - of the streamed simulations...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Christopher John, Heidi Asquith, Tom Wren, Stephanie Mercuri, Sian Brownlow
The Kenyan Village Medical Education Program is a student-led global health initiative that seeks to improve health outcomes in rural Kenya through culturally appropriate health education. The month-long program, which is organised by the Melbourne University Health Initiative (Australia), is conducted each January in southern rural Kenya. Significance for public healthThe Kenyan Village Medical Education (KVME) Program is a student-led global health initiative that involves exploring well-established strategies for the prevention of disease through workshops that are conducted in southern rural Kenya...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Lucio Naccarella, Iain Butterworth, Timothy Moore
BACKGROUND: With the recognition that professional education has not kept pace with the challenges facing the health and human service system, there has been a move to transformative education and learning professional development designed to expand the number of enlightened and empowered change agents with the competence to implement changes at an individual, organisation and systems level. DESIGN AND METHODS: Since 2010, the Department of Health and Human Services in Victoria, Australia, in collaboration with The University of Melbourne's School of Population and Global Health, has delivered seven population health short courses aimed to catalyse participants' transformation into population health change agents...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Suzanne Eggins, Diana Slade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2015: Journal of Public Health Research
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