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FEBS Open Bio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593143/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1002/2211-5463.12205.].
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593142/spontaneous-formation-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-serum-free-culture-conditions
#2
Go Kamoshida, Takane Kikuchi-Ueda, Satoshi Nishida, Shigeru Tansho-Nagakawa, Hirotoshi Kikuchi, Tsuneyuki Ubagai, Yasuo Ono
Neutrophils play a critical role in the innate immune response. Recently, a new neutrophilic biological defense mechanism, termed neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), has been attracting attention. Neutrophils have been observed to release both lysosomal enzymes and their nuclear contents, including unfolded chromatin, which together trap and inactivate bacteria. The environment in tissues where neutrophils act is thought to be different from that of the blood serum. In this study, we assessed the effect of serum on NET formation...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593141/glycosyl-chains-and-25-hydroxycholesterol-contribute-to-the-intracellular-transport-of-amyloid-beta-a%C3%AE-42-in-jurkat-t-cells
#3
Neha Sharma, KeangOK Baek, Huong T T Phan, Naofumi Shimokawa, Masahiro Takagi
Amyloid beta (Aβ) is a peptide responsible for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Misfolding and accumulation of endogenous Aβ can lead to neural cell apoptosis through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Added exogenous Aβ can also result in ER stress, leading to neurotoxicity and apoptosis, which is identical to that caused by the endogenous peptide. We have speculated that the endocytic transport of Aβ causes ER stress and have previously shown that the oxysterol, in particular, 7-ketocholesterol (7-keto) induces more surface interaction between Aβ-42 and Jurkat cells than cholesterol...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593140/dna-induced-unfolding-of-the-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-a-b-domain-through-allostery
#4
Elias J Fernandez, Vandna Gahlot, Celeste Rodriguez, Jacob Amburn
The A/B domains of nuclear receptors such as thyroid receptor α (TRα) are considered to be conformationally flexible and can potentially adopt multiple structural conformations. We used intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence quenching and circular dichroism spectroscopy to characterize the unfolding of this A/B domain upon DNA binding to the contiguous DNA-binding domain (DBD). We propose that this allosteric change in A/B domain conformation can allow it to make the multiple interactions with distinct molecular factors of the transcriptional preinitiation complex...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593139/oxygen-binding-and-nitric-oxide-dioxygenase-activity-of-cytoglobin-are-altered-to-different-extents-by-cysteine-modification
#5
Danlei Zhou, Craig Hemann, James Boslett, Aiqin Luo, Jay L Zweier, Xiaoping Liu
Cytoglobin (Cygb), like other members of the globin family, is a nitric oxide (NO) dioxygenase, metabolizing NO in an oxygen (O2)-dependent manner. We examined the effect of modification of cysteine sulfhydryl groups of Cygb on its O2 binding and NO dioxygenase activity. The two cysteine sulfhydryls of Cygb were modified to form either an intramolecular disulfide bond (Cygb_SS), thioether bonds to N-ethylmaleimide (NEM; Cygb_SC), or were maintained as free SH groups (Cygb_SH). It was observed that the NO dioxygenase activity of Cygb only slightly changed (~ 25%) while the P50 of O2 binding to Cygb changed over four-fold with these modifications...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593138/licochalcone-a-specifically-induces-cell-death-in-glioma-stem-cells-via-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#6
Kenta Kuramoto, Shuhei Suzuki, Hirotsugu Sakaki, Hiroyuki Takeda, Tomomi Sanomachi, Shizuka Seino, Yoshitaka Narita, Takamasa Kayama, Chifumi Kitanaka, Masashi Okada
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant primary intrinsic brain tumor. Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are associated with chemoradiotherapy resistance and the recurrence of glioblastomas after conventional therapy. The targeting of GSCs is potentially an effective treatment for the long-term survival of glioblastoma patients. Licochalcone A, a natural chalconoid from licorice root, exerts anticancer effects; however, its effect on GSCs remains unknown. We found that Licochalcone A induced massive caspase-dependent death in GSCs but not in differentiated GSCs nor normal somatic and neural stem cells...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593137/msk1-regulates-transcriptional-induction-of-arc-arg3-1-in-response-to-neurotrophins
#7
Chris J Hunter, Judit Remenyi, Sonia A Correa, Lucia Privitera, Kathleen M S E Reyskens, Kirsty J Martin, Rachel Toth, Bruno G Frenguelli, J Simon C Arthur
The immediate early gene activity-regulated cytoskeletal protein (Arc)/Arg3.1 and the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) play important roles in synaptic plasticity and learning and memory in the mammalian brain. However, the mechanisms by which BDNF regulates the expression of Arc/Arg3.1 are unclear. In this study, we show that BDNF acts via the ERK1/2 pathway to activate the nuclear kinase mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1). MSK1 then induces Arc/Arg3.1 expression via the phosphorylation of histone H3 at the Arc/Arg3...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593136/amp-activated-protein-kinase-regulates-lipid-metabolism-and-the-fibrotic-phenotype-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-through-inhibition-of-autophagy
#8
Ming Chen, Jiaxing Liu, Lili Yang, Wenhua Ling
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the principal hepatic cell type responsible for liver fibrosis. Although AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is known to regulate the activation of HSCs, little is known about its underlying molecular mechanisms. In the present study, we demonstrate that AMPK activation by 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-4-ribofuranoside (AICAR) restricts the fibrotic potential elicited by transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in LX-2 cells through modulation of autophagy. AICAR treatment activated the mechanistic target of rapamycin/Akt pathway and thus inhibited autophagy flux and lipid droplet degradation in lysosomes induced by TGF-β...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593135/evaluation-of-cell-death-pathways-initiated-by-antitumor-drugs-melatonin-and-valproic-acid-in-bladder-cancer-cells
#9
Siwei Liu, Bilin Liang, Huiting Jia, Yuhan Jiao, Zhongqiu Pang, Yongye Huang
Effective drug combinations have the potential to strengthen therapeutic efficacy and combat drug resistance. Both melatonin and valproic acid (VPA) exhibit antitumor activities in various cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cell death pathways initiated by anticancer combinatorial effects of melatonin and VPA in bladder cancer cells. The results demonstrated that the combination of melatonin and VPA leads to significant synergistic growth inhibition of UC3 bladder cancer cells. Gene expression studies revealed that cotreatment with melatonin and VPA triggered the up-regulation of certain genes related to apoptosis (TNFRSF10A and TNFRSF10B), autophagy (BECN, ATG3 and ATG5) and necrosis (MLKL, PARP-1 and RIPK1)...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593134/quantum-chemical-modeling-of-the-reaction-path-of-chorismate-mutase-based-on-the-experimental-substrate-product-complex
#10
Daniel Burschowsky, Ute Krengel, Einar Uggerud, David Balcells
Chorismate mutase is a well-known model enzyme, catalyzing the Claisen rearrangement of chorismate to prephenate. Recent high-resolution crystal structures along the reaction coordinate of this enzyme enabled computational analyses at unprecedented detail. Using quantum chemical simulations, we investigated how the catalytic reaction mechanism is affected by electrostatic and hydrogen-bond interactions. Our calculations showed that the transition state (TS) was mainly stabilized electrostatically, with Arg90 playing the leading role...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593133/the-hfq-regulon-of-neisseria%C3%A2-meningitidis
#11
Robert A G Huis In 't Veld, Gertjan Kramer, Arie van der Ende, Dave Speijer, Yvonne Pannekoek
The conserved RNA-binding protein, Hfq, has multiple regulatory roles within the prokaryotic cell, including promoting stable duplex formation between small RNAs and mRNAs, and thus hfq deletion mutants have pleiotropic phenotypes. Previous proteome and transcriptome studies of Neisseria meningitidis have generated limited insight into differential gene expression due to Hfq loss. In this study, reversed-phase liquid chromatography combined with data-independent alternate scanning mass spectrometry (LC-MS(E)) was utilized for rapid high-resolution quantitative proteomic analysis to further elucidate the differentially expressed proteome of a meningococcal hfq deletion mutant...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593132/activation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-by-lithium-chloride-attenuates-d-galactose-induced-neurodegeneration-in-the-auditory-cortex-of-a-rat-model-of-aging
#12
Ming-Yu Xia, Xue-Yan Zhao, Qi-Lin Huang, Hai-Ying Sun, Chen Sun, Jie Yuan, Chang He, Yu Sun, Xiang Huang, Wen Kong, Wei-Jia Kong
Degeneration of the central auditory system, which is characterized by reduced understanding of speech and source localization of sounds, is an important cause of age-related hearing loss (presbycusis). Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an essential role in the development of the auditory system but its potential role in presbycusis remains unclear. In this study, we used a rat model of aging, created by chronic systemic exposure to d-galactose (d-gal), and explored changes in Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the auditory cortex...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593131/mir-127-5p-negatively-regulates-enterovirus-71-replication-by-directly-targeting-scarb2
#13
Chunhong Feng, Yuxuan Fu, Deyan Chen, Huanru Wang, Airong Su, Li Zhang, Liang Chang, Nan Zheng, Zhiwei Wu
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major causative agent of hand-foot-and-mouth disease in young children and can cause severe cerebral and pulmonary complications and even fatality. This study aimed at elucidating whether and how EV71 infection is regulated by a cellular microRNA, miR-127-5p. We found that miR-127-5p can downregulate the expression of SCARB2, a main receptor of EV71, by targeting two potential sites in its 3' UTR region and inhibit EV71 infection. Meanwhile, miR-127-5p expression was upregulated during EV71 infection...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593130/the-neuronal-and-astrocytic-protein-slc38a10-transports-glutamine-glutamate-and-aspartate-suggesting-a-role-in-neurotransmission
#14
Sofie V Hellsten, Maria G Hägglund, Mikaela M Eriksson, Robert Fredriksson
In brain cells, glutamine transporters are vital to monitor and control the levels of glutamate and GABA. There are 11 members of the SLC38 family of amino acid transporters of which eight have been functionally characterized. Here, we report the first histological and functional characterization of the previously orphan member, SLC38A10. We used pairwise global sequence alignments to determine the sequence identity between the SLC38 family members. SLC38A10 was found to share 20-25% transmembrane sequence identity with several family members, and was predicted to have 11 transmembrane helices...
June 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469983/two-epitopes-responsible-for-the-catalytic-activity-of-heme-oxygenase-1-identified-by-phage-display
#15
Xuran Wei, Qingjun Liu, Yaping Gao, Jun Yang, Bo Wang, Guang Yang, Shihui Zhang, Hong Zhou
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the oxidative degradation of heme. The catalytic mechanism of the HO-1 reaction has been determined gradually by studies of its crystal structure and HO-1 mutants. However, the neutralizing epitopes responsible for HO-1 activity remain elusive. Screening of a phage display library revealed four epitopes that could interact with the polyclonal antibody prepared by immunizing rabbits with the purified HO-1 protein. Two of these four epitopes are responsible for HO-1 catalytic activity because their antibodies were able to neutralize HO-1 activity...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469982/estrogen-inhibits-starvation-induced-apoptosis-in-osteocytes-by-a-redox-independent-process-involving-association-of-jnk-and-glutathione-s-transferase-p1-1
#16
Vladana Domazetovic, Filippo Fontani, Gemma Marcucci, Teresa Iantomasi, Maria Luisa Brandi, Maria Teresa Vincenzini
Estrogen deficiency causes bone loss as a result of microdamage, oxidative stress, and osteocyte apoptosis. A relationship between oxidative stress-induced apoptosis, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, and expression of factors involved in bone remodeling has been demonstrated in osteocytes. However, the molecular regulation of these events in osteocytes treated with 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) remains unexplored. The MLO-Y4 murine osteocyte-like cell line was used as a model to study starvation-induced apoptosis and ROS production during 17β-E2 treatment...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469981/cellular-events-and-behaviors-after-grafting-of-stratified-squamous-epithelial-cell-sheet-onto-a-hydrated-collagen-gel
#17
Yoshiyuki Kasai, Naoya Takeda, Shinichiro Kobayashi, Ryo Takagi, Masayuki Yamato
Autologous stratified squamous epithelial cell sheets have been successfully used to treat epithelial defects in tissues such as the cornea and the esophagus. However, the regenerative cellular events occurring in the grafted epithelial cells are unclear in the early stages of wound healing. In this study, we created an in vitro grafting model using cultured normal human epidermal keratinocyte (NHEK) sheets and a type I collagen gel to investigate the cellular processes that occur within the grafted cell sheet...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469980/znt7-binds-to-cd40-and-influences-cd154-triggered-p38-mapk-activity-in-b-lymphocytes-a-possible-regulatory-mechanism-for-zinc-in-immune-function
#18
Surapun Tepaamorndech, Pieter Oort, Catherine P Kirschke, Yimeng Cai, Liping Huang
Zinc deficiency impairs the immune system leading to frequent infections. Although zinc is known to play critical roles in maintaining healthy immune function, the underlying molecular targets are largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that zinc is important for the CD154-CD40-mediated activation of downstream signaling pathways in human B lymphocytes. CD40 is a receptor localized on the cell surface of many immune cells, including B lymphocytes. It binds to CD154, a membrane protein expressed on antigen-activated T helper (Th) lymphocytes...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469979/proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-restores-the-enzymatic-activity-of-a-dna-ligase-i-deficient-in-dna-binding
#19
Carlos H Trasviña-Arenas, Cesar S Cardona-Felix, Elisa Azuara-Liceaga, Corina Díaz-Quezada, Luis G Brieba
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) coordinates multienzymatic reactions by interacting with a variety of protein partners. Family I DNA ligases are multidomain proteins involved in sealing of DNA nicks during Okazaki fragment maturation and DNA repair. The interaction of DNA ligases with the interdomain connector loop (IDCL) of PCNA through its PCNA-interacting peptide (PIP box) is well studied but the role of the interacting surface between both proteins is not well characterized. In this work, we used a minimal DNA ligase I and two N-terminal deletions to establish that DNA binding and nick-sealing stimulation of DNA ligase I by PCNA are not solely dependent on the PIP box-IDCL interaction...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469978/mature-adipocytes-observed-to-undergo-reproliferation-and-polyploidy
#20
Pengfei Xu, Jiao Li, Jin Liu, Jing Wang, Zekai Wu, Xiaotian Zhang, Yonggong Zhai
Lipid-filled mature adipocytes are important for the study of lipid metabolism and in the development of obesity, but whether they are capable of reproliferation is still controversial. Here, we monitored lipid droplet dynamics and adipocyte reproliferation in live, differentiated 3T3-L1 cells using a phase-contrast microscope in real time. Phase-contrast microscopy achieves a similar visual effect in situ to that obtained using traditional dyes such as Oil Red O and BODIPY in vitro. Using this method, we captured the process that lipid droplets use for dynamic fusion in living cells...
May 2017: FEBS Open Bio
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