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Systematic Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231810/identification-of-validated-case-definitions-for-chronic-disease-using-electronic-medical-records-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Sepideh Souri, Nicola E Symonds, Azin Rouhi, Brendan C Lethebe, Stephanie Garies, Paul E Ronksley, Tyler S Williamson, Gabriel E Fabreau, Richard Birtwhistle, Hude Quan, Kerry A McBrien
BACKGROUND: Primary care electronic medical record (EMR) data are being used for research, surveillance, and clinical monitoring. To broaden the reach and usability of EMR data, case definitions must be specified to identify and characterize important chronic conditions. The purpose of this study is to identify all case definitions for a set of chronic conditions that have been tested and validated in primary care EMR and EMR-linked data. This work will provide a reference list of case definitions, together with their performance metrics, and will identify gaps where new case definitions are needed...
February 23, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222798/fracture-risk-in-dialysis-and-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Aboubacar Sidibé, Lynne Moore, Sonia Jean, Fabrice Mac-Way
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality. The risk of fracture in hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and kidney transplantation (KT) is higher when compared to the general population. However, uncertainties remain about which group has the highest risk of fracture. We aim to identify the risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality post-fracture in HD compared to PD or KT and in PD compared to KT population...
February 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222812/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-post-investigation-colorectal-cancer-interval-cancer-after-computed-tomographic-colonography-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
Andrew A Plumb, Anu Obaro, Thomas Fanshawe, Ulysses S Torres, Rachel Baldwin-Cleland, Steve Halligan, David Burling
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and important disease. There are different tests for diagnosis, one of which is computed tomographic colonography (CTC). No test is perfect, and patients with normal CTC may subsequently develop CRC (either because it was overlooked originally, or because it has developed in the interim). This is termed post-investigation colorectal cancer (PICRC) or "interval cancer". How frequently this occurs after CTC is not known. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to use the primary literature to estimate the PICRC rate after CTC, and explore associated factors...
February 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219446/effective-knowledge-translation-approaches-and-practices-in-indigenous-health-research-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P Ziegler, Raglan Maddox, Janet K Smylie
BACKGROUND: Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research institutions and funding agencies, systemic and insidious inequities, privileges, and power relationships inhibit Indigenous peoples' control, input, and benefits over research. This systematic review will examine literature on KT initiatives in Indigenous health research to help identify wise and promising Indigenous KT practices and language in Canada and abroad...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219422/the-efficacy-of-fall-risk-increasing-drug-frid-withdrawal-for-the-prevention-of-falls-and-fall-related-complications-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Justin Yusen Lee, Anne Holbrook
BACKGROUND: Despite limited evidence of effectiveness, withdrawal (discontinuation or dose reduction) of high risk medications known as "fall-risk increasing drugs" (FRIDs) is typically conducted as a fall prevention strategy based on presumptive benefit. Our objective is to determine the efficacy of fall-risk increasing drugs (FRIDs) withdrawal on the prevention of falls and fall-related complications. METHODS/DESIGN: We will search for all published and unpublished randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of FRID withdrawal compared to usual care on the rate of falls, incidence of falls, fall-related injuries, fall-related fractures, fall-related hospitalizations, or adverse effects related to the intervention in adults aged 65 years or older...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219417/documenting-research-with-transgender-and-gender%C3%A2-diverse-people-protocol-for-an-evidence-map-and-thematic-analysis
#6
Zack Marshall, Vivian Welch, James Thomas, Fern Brunger, Michelle Swab, Ian Shemilt, Chris Kaposy
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about how transgender, gender diverse, and Two-Spirit (trans) people have been represented and studied by researchers. The objectives of this study are to (1) map and describe trans research in the social sciences, sciences, humanities, health, education, and business, (2) identify evidence gaps and opportunities for more responsible research with trans people, (3) assess the use of text mining for study identification, and (4) increase access to trans research for key stakeholders through the creation of a web-based evidence map...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212677/fit-for-purpose-perspectives-on-rapid-reviews-from-end-user-interviews
#7
Lisa Hartling, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susanne Hempel, Robin Featherstone, Matthew D Mitchell, Makalapua L Motu'apuaka, Karen A Robinson, Karen Schoelles, Annette Totten, Evelyn Whitlock, Timothy J Wilt, Johanna Anderson, Elise Berliner, Aysegul Gozu, Elisabeth Kato, Robin Paynter, Craig A Umscheid
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for rapid reviews and timely evidence synthesis. The goal of this project was to understand end-user perspectives on the utility and limitations of rapid products including evidence inventories, rapid responses, and rapid reviews. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with key informants representing: guideline developers (n = 3), health care providers/health system organizations (n = 3), research funders (n = 1), and payers/health insurers (n = 1)...
February 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212660/erratum-to-effectiveness-and-content-analysis-of-interventions-to-enhance-medication-adherence-in-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#8
Eimear C Morrissey, Hannah Durand, Robby Nieuwlaat, Tamara Navarro, R Brian Haynes, Jane C Walsh, Gerard J Molloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196521/comparison-of-two-independent-systematic-reviews-of-trials-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-the-yale-open-data-access-medtronic-project
#9
Jeffrey Low, Joseph S Ross, Jessica D Ritchie, Cary P Gross, Richard Lehman, Haiqun Lin, Rongwei Fu, Lesley A Stewart, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether the replication of systematic reviews, particularly those with the same objectives and resources, would employ similar methods and/or arrive at identical findings. We compared the results and conclusions of two concurrent systematic reviews undertaken by two independent research teams provided with the same objectives, resources, and individual participant-level data. METHODS: Two centers in the USA and UK were each provided with participant-level data on 17 multi-site clinical trials of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)...
February 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193290/transitional-care-for-formerly-incarcerated-persons-with-hiv-protocol-for-a-realist-review
#10
Jenkin Tsang, Sharmistha Mishra, Janet Rowe, Patricia O'Campo, Carolyn Ziegler, Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Flora I Matheson, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Shatabdy Zahid, Tony Antoniou
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mechanisms that influence the success or failure of programs to facilitate re-engagement with health and social services for formerly incarcerated persons with HIV. This review aims to identify how interventions to address such transitions work, for whom and under what circumstances. METHODS: We will use realist review methodology to conduct our analysis. We will systematically search electronic databases and grey literature for English language qualitative and quantitative studies of interventions...
February 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183340/revmanhal-towards-automatic-text-generation-in-systematic-reviews
#11
LETTER
Mercedes Torres Torres, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews are a key part of healthcare evaluation. They involve important painstaking but repetitive work. A major producer of systematic reviews, the Cochrane Collaboration, employs Review Manager (RevMan) programme-a software which assists reviewers and produces XML-structured files. This paper describes an add-on programme (RevManHAL) which helps auto-generate the abstract, results and discussion sections of RevMan-generated reviews in multiple languages. The paper also describes future developments for RevManHAL...
February 9, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179012/the-effect-of-mobile-application-interventions-on-influencing-healthy-maternal-behaviour-and-improving-perinatal-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Lisa M Daly, Dell Horey, Philippa F Middleton, Frances M Boyle, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity and mortality remain significant public health issues globally, with enduring impact on the health and well-being of women and their families. Pregnant women who adopt, practice and maintain healthy behaviours can potentially improve the health of themselves and their babies. Mobile applications are an increasingly popular mode of accessing, storing and sharing health information among pregnant women. The main objective of this review is to evaluate the effects of mobile application interventions during pregnancy on maternal behaviour and associated maternal and infant outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148294/the-role-of-imams-and-mosques-in-health-promotion-in-western-societies-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Yassar Mustafa, Diya Baker, Preeti Puligari, Teresa Melody, Joyce Yeung, Fang Gao-Smith
BACKGROUND: Muslims comprise 4.8% of the national population in the UK and also form a significant proportion of its ethnic minority population, with trends set to continue for the foreseeable future. With ethnic minority health inequalities deepening further, there is an apparent lack of strategies to effectively tackle this growing problem. Imams, Muslim religious leaders, represent a hitherto under-investigated group who may have the capacity to facilitate positive health change within Muslim communities...
February 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143554/ethical-challenges-related-to-assistive-product-access-for-older-adults-and-adults-living-with-a-disability-a-scoping-review-protocol
#14
Winnie Sun, Michael G Wilson, Daphne Schreiber, Rosalie H Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite the surge of research and development in assistive products for older adults and/or people living with disabilities, policies on access and procurement have lagged in responding to the growing demand from users. Developing policies to address these concerns require an understanding of the ethical challenges underlying approaches for providing assistive products. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and map the literature pertaining to ethical challenges related to assistive product access and procurement to inform policy development...
February 1, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129795/does-knowledge-brokering-improve-the-quality-of-rapid-review-proposals-a-before-and-after-study
#15
Gabriel Moore, Sally Redman, Catherine D'Este, Steve Makkar, Tari Turner
BACKGROUND: Rapid reviews are increasingly being used to help policy makers access research in short time frames. A clear articulation of the review's purpose, questions, scope, methods and reporting format is thought to improve the quality and generalisability of review findings. The aim of the study is to explore the effectiveness of knowledge brokering in improving the perceived clarity of rapid review proposals from the perspective of potential reviewers. To conduct the study, we drew on the Evidence Check program, where policy makers draft a review proposal (a pre knowledge brokering proposal) and have a 1-hour session with a knowledge broker, who re-drafts the proposal based on the discussion (a post knowledge brokering proposal)...
January 28, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126009/measurement-tools-of-resource-use-and-quality-of-life-in-clinical-trials-for-dementia-or-cognitive-impairment-interventions-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#16
Fan Yang, Piers Dawes, Iracema Leroi, Brenda Gannon
BACKGROUND: Dementia and cognitive impairment could severely impact patients' life and bring heavy burden to patients, caregivers and societies. Some interventions are suggested for the older patients with these conditions to help them live well, but economic evaluation is needed to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions. Trial-based economic evaluation is an ideal method; however, little is known about the tools used to collect data of resource use and quality of life alongside the trials...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122640/rational-and-design-of-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol
#17
A de Zoete, M R de Boer, M W van Tulder, S M Rubinstein, M Underwood, J A Hayden, J Kalter, R Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of pain and disability, resulting in a major socioeconomic impact. The Cochrane Review which examined the effect of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for chronic LBP concluded that SMT is moderately effective, but was based on conventional meta-analysis of aggregate data. The use of individual participant data (IPD) from trials allows for a more precise estimate of the treatment effect and has the potential to identify moderators and/or mediators...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122613/methods-for-objectively-assessing-clinical-masticatory-performance-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Per Elgestad Stjernfeldt, Inger Wårdh, Mats Trulsson, Gerd Faxén Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Chewing and masticatory function constitutes one of the most important oral health factors that affect quality of life, especially in older individuals. Little consensus currently exists regarding ways to objectively assess clinical masticatory performance (in this context, performance refers an individual's objective ability to mix or comminute food bolus). That said, many methods were developed to assess masticatory performance. Consequently, systematic review of the literature would be of great value when it comes to identifying various methods for objectively assessing clinical masticatory performance and for evaluating these methods...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122603/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-literature-review-comparing-the-impact-of-seasonal-and-meteorological-parameters-on-acute-respiratory-infections-in-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-peoples
#19
Katherine E Bishop-Williams, Jan M Sargeant, Lea Berrang-Ford, Victoria L Edge, Ashlee Cunsolo, Sherilee L Harper
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and are often linked to seasonal and/or meteorological conditions. Globally, Indigenous peoples may experience a different burden of ARI compared to non-Indigenous peoples. This protocol outlines our process for conducting a systematic review to investigate whether associations between ARI and seasonal or meteorological parameters differ between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups residing in the same geographical region...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122608/opportunities-challenges-and-concerns-for-the-implementation-and-uptake-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-assessment-and-exercises-during-the-childbearing-years-protocol-for-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#20
Victoria E Salmon, E Jean C Hay-Smith, Rachel Jarvie, Sarah Dean, Eivor Oborn, Susan E Bayliss, Debra Bick, Clare Davenport, Khaled M Ismail, Christine MacArthur, Mark Pearson
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommend offering pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) to women during their first pregnancy as a preventive strategy. The objective of this review is to understand the relationships between individual, professional, inter-professional and organisational opportunities, challenges and concerns that could be essential to maximise the impact of PFMT during childbearing years and to effect the required behaviour change...
January 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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