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Systematic Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792224/health-technology-assessment-of-public-health-interventions-an-analysis-of-characteristics-and-comparison-of-methods-study-protocol
#1
Tim Mathes, Gerald Willms, Stephanie Polus, Constance Stegbauer, Melanie Messer, Corinna Klingler, Heidi Ehrenreich, Dea Niebuhr, Georg Marckmann, Ansgar Gerhardus, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: Conducting a health technology assessment (HTA) of public health interventions (PHIs) poses some challenges. PHIs are often complex interventions, which affect the number and degree of interactions of the aspects to be assessed. Randomized controlled trials on PHIs are rare as they are difficult to conduct because of ethical or feasibility issues. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the methodological characteristics and to compare the applied assessment methods in HTAs on PHIs...
May 23, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788987/efficacy-of-the-buzzy%C3%A2-device-for-pain-management-of-children-during-needle-related-procedures-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Samara Adler, Evelyne Doyon-Trottier, Sylvie Le May
BACKGROUND: Needle-related procedures are the most important source of pain in children in hospital setting. Unmanaged pain could result in short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and emotional consequences. Although the efficacy of numerous interventions has been evaluated, procedural pain management is often suboptimal in children undergoing needle-related procedures. The main objective of this systematic review is to examine the evidence for the efficacy of the Buzzy® device for needle-related procedural pain in children...
May 22, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778096/making-progress-with-the-automation-of-systematic-reviews-principles-of-the-international-collaboration-for-the-automation-of-systematic-reviews-icasr
#3
LETTER
Elaine Beller, Justin Clark, Guy Tsafnat, Clive Adams, Heinz Diehl, Hans Lund, Mourad Ouzzani, Kristina Thayer, James Thomas, Tari Turner, Jun Xia, Karen Robinson, Paul Glasziou
Systematic reviews (SR) are vital to health care, but have become complicated and time-consuming, due to the rapid expansion of evidence to be synthesised. Fortunately, many tasks of systematic reviews have the potential to be automated or may be assisted by automation. Recent advances in natural language processing, text mining and machine learning have produced new algorithms that can accurately mimic human endeavour in systematic review activity, faster and more cheaply. Automation tools need to be able to work together, to exchange data and results...
May 19, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778092/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detecting-root-avulsions-in-traumatic-adult-brachial-plexus-injuries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#4
Ryckie G Wade, Yemisi Takwoingi, Justin C R Wormald, John P Ridgway, Steven Tanner, James J Rankine, Grainne Bourke
BACKGROUND: Adult brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are becoming more common. The reconstruction and prognosis of pre-ganglionic injuries (root avulsions) are different to other types of BPI injury. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is being used to identify root avulsions, but the evidence from studies of its diagnostic accuracy are conflicting. Therefore, a systematic review is needed to address uncertainty about the accuracy of MRI and to guide future research. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic search of electronic databases alongside reference tracking...
May 19, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776434/choice-of-outcomes-and-measurement-instruments-in-randomised-trials-on-elearning-in-medical-education-a-systematic-mapping-review-protocol
#5
Gloria C Law, Christian Apfelbacher, Pawel P Posadzki, Sandra Kemp, Lorainne Tudor Car
BACKGROUND: There will be a lack of 18 million healthcare workers by 2030. Multiplying the number of well-trained healthcare workers through innovative ways such as eLearning is highly recommended in solving this shortage. However, high heterogeneity of learning outcomes in eLearning systematic reviews reveals a lack of consistency and agreement on core learning outcomes in eLearning for medical education. In addition, there seems to be a lack of validity evidence for measurement instruments used in these trials...
May 17, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769117/a-protocol-for-a-network-meta-analysis-of-interventions-to-treat-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#6
Nadera Ahmadzai, Shaun Kilty, Dianna Wolfe, Jamie Bonaparte, David Schramm, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Vincent Lin, Wei Cheng, Becky Skidmore, David Moher, Brian Hutton
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, with greater than 20% of Canadian adults having measurable hearing loss in at least one ear. Patients with hearing loss experience impaired quality of life, and emotional and financial consequences that affect themselves and their families. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a common but difficult to treat form of hearing loss that has a sudden onset of ≤ 72 h associated with various etiologies, with the majority of cases being idiopathic...
May 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729669/organizational-contextual-features-that-influence-the-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-across-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-integrative-review
#7
Shelly-Anne Li, Lianne Jeffs, Melanie Barwick, Bonnie Stevens
BACKGROUND: Organizational contextual features have been recognized as important determinants for implementing evidence-based practices across healthcare settings for over a decade. However, implementation scientists have not reached consensus on which features are most important for implementing evidence-based practices. The aims of this review were to identify the most commonly reported organizational contextual features that influence the implementation of evidence-based practices across healthcare settings, and to describe how these features affect implementation...
May 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729666/prevention-of-exertional-lower-body-musculoskeletal-injury-in-tactical-populations-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-planned-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies-from-1955-to-2018
#8
Shawn D Flanagan, Aaron M Sinnott, Kellen T Krajewski, Caleb D Johnson, Shawn R Eagle, Alice D LaGoy, Meaghan E Beckner, Anne Z Beethe, Rose Turner, Mita Lovalekar, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Chris Connaboy, Bradley C Nindl
BACKGROUND: Exertional lower body musculoskeletal injuries (ELBI) cost billions of dollars and compromise the readiness and job performance of military service and public safety workers (i.e., tactical populations). The prevalence and burden of such injuries underscores the importance of prevention efforts during activities necessary to sustain core occupational competencies. Attempts to synthesize prevention techniques specific to tactical populations have provided limited insight on the comparative efficacy of interventions that do not modify physical training practices...
May 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720280/exposures-associated-with-infection-with-cryptosporidium-in-industrialised-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Caoimhe McKerr, Sarah J O'Brien, Rachel M Chalmers, Roberto Vivancos, Robert M Christley
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite of humans and other animals worldwide and is one of the greatest contributors to human diarrhoeal illness. Transmission can occur indirectly via contaminated food or water, or directly via contact with animals or other infected people. Risk exposures are often identified from outbreak investigations, but a subset of cases remains unexplained, and sources for sporadic disease and pathways to infection are still unclear. Given the few systematic syntheses of reported evidence in industrialised populations, the aim of this review is to consolidate the literature to describe exposures associated with human cryptosporidiosis in industrialised countries, specifically including the UK, and describe any differences between outbreak-associated and sporadic disease...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720257/physical-activity-monitors-to-enhance-the-daily-amount-of-physical-activity-in-elderly-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Jan Christensen, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Henning Boje Andersen, Henning Langberg
BACKGROUND: To investigate the use of physical activity monitors (PAMs) for the elderly, the scientific literature should be systematically reviewed and the effect quantified, as the evidence seems inconclusive. METHODS AND DESIGN: Randomized controlled trials and randomized crossover trials, with participants with a mean age above 65 years, comparing any PAM intervention with other control interventions or no intervention, will be included. This protocol is detailed according to the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook, and it is reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols statement...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720247/interventions-for-improving-pharmacist-led-patient-counselling-in-the-community-setting-a-systematic-review
#11
Sinaa Al Aqeel, Norah Abanmy, Hiba AlShaya, Albatoul Almeshari
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist counselling is an important service that has been associated with improved outcomes. The primary aim of this review was to identify, describe, and determine the effectiveness of interventions for improving the counselling practice of community pharmacists. METHODS: We searched PubMed (from January 1990 to June 2017) and the Cochrane Library (June 2017). To supplement our database searches, we searched Google Scholar for papers that cited the identified studies...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716639/educational-interventions-to-improve-people-s-understanding-of-key-concepts-in-assessing-the-effects-of-health-interventions-a-systematic-review
#12
Leila Cusack, Chris B Del Mar, Iain Chalmers, Elizabeth Gibson, Tammy C Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Health information is readily accessible but is of variable quality. General knowledge about how to assess whether claims about health interventions are trustworthy is not common, so people's health decisions can be ill-informed, unnecessarily costly and even unsafe. This review aims to identify and evaluate studies of educational interventions designed to improve people's understanding of key concepts for evaluating claims about the effects of health interventions. METHODS/DESIGN: We searched multiple electronic databases and sources of grey literature...
May 2, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712561/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-the-provision-of-care-for-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-in-mental-health-settings-review-protocol
#13
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Timothy Regan, Julia Dray, Jacqueline Bailey, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a higher morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of risk behaviours, including tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, harmful alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, is a substantial contributor to this health inequity. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that mental health services routinely provide care to their clients to address these risk behaviours. Such care may include the following elements: ask, assess, advise, assist and arrange (the '5As'), which has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing risk behaviours...
April 30, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695299/emergency-transportation-interventions-for-reducing-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
John Ehiri, Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Joy Chebet, Ekpereonne Esu, Martin Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Transportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes as maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695296/automated-screening-of-research-studies-for-systematic-reviews-using-study-characteristics
#15
Guy Tsafnat, Paul Glasziou, George Karystianis, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Screening candidate studies for inclusion in a systematic review is time-consuming when conducted manually. Automation tools could reduce the human effort devoted to screening. Existing methods use supervised machine learning which train classifiers to identify relevant words in the abstracts of candidate articles that have previously been labelled by a human reviewer for inclusion or exclusion. Such classifiers typically reduce the number of abstracts requiring manual screening by about 50%...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695295/an-updated-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-implementation-related-measures
#16
Cara C Lewis, Kayne D Mettert, Caitlin N Dorsey, Ruben G Martinez, Bryan J Weiner, Elspeth Nolen, Cameo Stanick, Heather Halko, Byron J Powell
BACKGROUND: Implementation science is the study of strategies used to integrate evidence-based practices into real-world settings (Eccles and Mittman, Implement Sci. 1(1):1, 2006). Central to the identification of replicable, feasible, and effective implementation strategies is the ability to assess the impact of contextual constructs and intervention characteristics that may influence implementation, but several measurement issues make this work quite difficult. For instance, it is unclear which constructs have no measures and which measures have any evidence of psychometric properties like reliability and validity...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690911/quality-ratings-of-reviews-in-overviews-a-comparison-of-reviews-with-and-without-dual-co-authorship
#17
Dawid Pieper, Andreas Waltering, Jakob Holstiege, Roland Brian Büchter
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that many authors of Cochrane overviews were also involved in some of the included systematic reviews (SRs). This type of dual (co-)authorship (DCA) may be a conflict of interest and a potential source of bias. Our objectives were to (1) additionally investigate DCA in non-Cochrane overviews; (2) investigate whether there is an association between DCA and quality assessments of SRs in Cochrane and non-Cochrane overviews. METHODS: We selected a sample of Cochrane (n = 20) and non-Cochrane (n = 78) overviews for analysis...
April 24, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685175/general-practitioners-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-of-managing-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#18
Aisling A Jennings, Tony Foley, Kieran A Walsh, Alice Coffey, John P Browne, Colin P Bradley
BACKGROUND: In the context of rising dementia prevalence, the workload of general practitioners (GPs) in dementia care is set to increase. However, there are many aspects of dementia care that GPs find challenging. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) affect the majority of people with dementia and is an aspect of dementia care that GPs find particularly difficult to manage. The aim of this mixed methods systematic review is to undertake a synthesis of qualitative and quantitative studies on GPs' knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing BPSD...
April 23, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669583/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-patient-experiences-of-central-venous-access-devices-in-anti-cancer-treatment
#19
Caoimhe Ryan, Hannah Hesselgreaves, Olivia Wu, Jim Paul, Judith Dixon-Hughes, Jonathan G Moss
BACKGROUND: Three types of central venous access devices (CVADs)-peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), skin-tunnelled central catheters (Hickman-type devices), and implantable chest wall Ports (Ports)-are routinely used in the intravenous administration of anti-cancer treatment. These devices avoid the need for peripheral cannulation and allow for home delivery of treatment. Assessments of these devices have tended to focus on medical and economic factors, but there is increased interest in the importance of patient experiences and perspectives in this area...
April 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661217/barriers-to-access-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-at-health-facilities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Abdulbasit Mussa, Deborah Loxton
BACKGROUND: Nearly 15% of all pregnancies end in fatal perinatal obstetric complications including bleeding, infections, hypertension, obstructed labor, and complications of abortion. Between 1990 and 2015, an estimated 10.7 million women died due to obstetric complications. Almost all of these deaths (99%) happened in developing countries, and 66% of maternal deaths were attributed to sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of cases of maternal mortalities can be prevented through provision of evidence-based potentially life-saving signal functions of emergency obstetric care...
April 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
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