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Systematic Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347995/index-of-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-industry-clinical-study-programmes-and-non-industry-funded-studies-a-necessary-basis-to-address-reporting-bias-in-a-systematic-review
#1
Lars Jørgensen, Peter C Gøtzsche, Tom Jefferson
BACKGROUND: Unabridged access to drug industry and regulatory trial registers and data reduces reporting bias in systematic reviews and may provide a complete index of a drug's clinical study programme. Currently, there is no public index of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine industry study programmes or a public index of non-industry funded studies. METHODS: By cross-verification via study programme enquiries to the HPV vaccine manufacturers and regulators and searches of trial registers and journal publication databases, we indexed clinical HPV vaccine studies as a basis to address reporting bias in a systematic review of clinical study reports...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329579/prevalence-and-incidence-of-major-depressive-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-residing-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#3
Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu, Arnaud D Kazé, Jobert Richie Nansseu
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African setting on the topic are scarce. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at assessing the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders (MDD) in HIV-infected African populations residing in Africa. METHODS AND DESIGN: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people residing in Africa, which have reported either the prevalence or incidence of MDD or enough data for its appraisal...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329578/guideline-based-quality-indicators-a-systematic-comparison-of-german-and-international-clinical-practice-guidelines-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#4
Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to assess the implementation of guideline recommendations. However, the methodological approaches to guideline-based QI development vary considerably. In Germany, the guideline classification scheme of the AWMF (German Association of the Scientific Medical Societies) differentiates between S1-, S2k-, S2e-, and S3-CPGs depending on the methodological approach...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321066/perioperative-management-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery-following-coronary-stent-placement-a-systematic-review
#5
Christopher P Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Jesus G Ulloa, Ian T MacQueen, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Roberta Shanman, Selene Mak, Jessica M Beroes, Paul G Shekelle
BACKGROUND: The correct perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) is often debated by clinicians. American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend postponing elective NCS at least 3 months after stent implantation. Regardless of the timing of surgery, ACC/AHA guidelines recommend continuing at least ASA throughout the perioperative period and ideally continuing dual APT (DAPT) therapy "unless surgery demands discontinuation...
January 10, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316980/moving-toward-the-automation-of-the-systematic-review-process-a-summary-of-discussions-at-the-second-meeting-of-international-collaboration-for-the-automation-of-systematic-reviews-icasr
#6
LETTER
Annette M O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B Gilbert, Kristina A Thayer, Mary S Wolfe
The second meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 3-4 October 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose aim is to maximize the use of technology for conducting rapid, accurate, and efficient systematic reviews of scientific evidence. Having automated tools for systematic review should enable more transparent and timely review, maximizing the potential for identifying and translating research findings to practical application...
January 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316979/the-association-between-mental-health-nursing-and-hospital-admissions-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
Matthew J Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people with SMI. Mental health nurses (MHNs) are well placed to support individuals with SMI and to prevent relapse; notwithstanding, there has been no synthesis of the evidence to date to determine whether MHNs prevent relapse in this population. METHODS: Electronic databases will be systemically searched for observational studies and clinical trials that report the association between mental health nursing and the hospitalisation of persons living with an SMI...
January 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304876/a-systematic-review-efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-in-walking-and-quality-of-life-in-post-stroke-lower-limb-spasticity
#8
Anupam Datta Gupta, Wing Hong Chu, Stuart Howell, Subhojit Chakraborty, Simon Koblar, Renuka Visvanathan, Ian Cameron, David Wilson
BACKGROUND: Improved walking is one of the highest priorities in people living with stroke. Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) impedes walking and quality of life (QOL). The understanding of the evidence of improved walking and QOL following botulinum toxin (BoNTA) injection is not clear. We performed a systematic review of the randomized control trials (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of BoNTA injection on walking and QOL in PSLLS. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CINAHL, ProQuest Thesis and Dissertation checks, Google Scholar, WHO International Clinical Trial Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials...
January 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284543/external-validation-of-type-2-diabetes-computer-simulation-models-definitions-approaches-implications-and-room-for-improvement-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Katherine Ogurtsova, Thomas L Heise, Ute Linnenkamp, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Stefan K Lhachimi, Andrea Icks
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a highly prevalent chronic disease, puts a large burden on individual health and health care systems. Computer simulation models, used to evaluate the clinical and economic effectiveness of various interventions to handle T2DM, have become a well-established tool in diabetes research. Despite the broad consensus about the general importance of validation, especially external validation, as a crucial instrument of assessing and controlling for the quality of these models, there are no systematic reviews comparing such validation of diabetes models...
December 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284538/use-of-programme-theory-to-understand-the-differential-effects-of-interventions-across-socio-economic-groups-in-systematic-reviews-a-systematic-methodology-review
#10
Michelle Maden, Alex Cunliffe, Naoimh McMahon, Andrew Booth, Gina Michelle Carey, Suzy Paisley, Rumona Dickson, Mark Gabbay
BACKGROUND: Systematic review guidance recommends the use of programme theory to inform considerations of if and how healthcare interventions may work differently across socio-economic status (SES) groups. This study aimed to address the lack of detail on how reviewers operationalise this in practice. METHODS: A methodological systematic review was undertaken to assess if, how and the extent to which systematic reviewers operationalise the guidance on the use of programme theory in considerations of socio-economic inequalities in health...
December 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282114/risk-factors-for-addiction-among-patients-receiving-prescribed-opioids-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Amber Cragg, Jeffrey P Hau, Stephanie A Woo, Christine Liu, Mary M Doyle-Waters, Corinne M Hohl
BACKGROUND: Opioid addiction prevention has become an urgent public health priority, with several countries declaring a state of emergency due to rising death tolls from opioid abuse. Reducing the risk of developing addiction among opioid-naïve patients exposed to prescribed opioids during the process of medical care may be an important primary prevention strategy. Our objective is to synthesize the available evidence about factors associated with the development of addiction among patients first exposed to prescribed opioids, with a focus on opioid-naïve patients...
December 28, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273090/exercise-and-reproductive-function-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#12
Isis Kelly Dos Santos, Romilson de Lima Nunes, Gustavo Mafaldo Soares, Tecia Maria de Oliveira Maranhão, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
BACKGROUND: Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no recent systematic review of the relationship between various types of intervention and the reproductive function of women with PCOS. The current paper describes a systematic review protocol on the benefits of physical exercise and dietary or drug interventions on endocrinological outcomes in women with PCOS...
December 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258599/transition-in-care-from-paramedics-to-emergency-department-nurses-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Gudrun Reay, Jill M Norris, K Alix Hayden, Joanna Abraham, Katherine Yokom, Lorelli Nowell, Gerald C Lazarenko, Eddy S Lang
BACKGROUND: Effective and efficient transitions in care between emergency medical services (EMS) practitioners and emergency department (ED) nurses is vital as poor clinical transitions in care may place patients at increased risk for adverse events such as delay in treatment for time sensitive conditions (e.g., myocardial infarction) or worsening of status (e.g., sepsis). Such transitions in care are complex and prone to communication errors primarily caused by misunderstanding related to divergent professional perspectives leading to misunderstandings that are further susceptible to contextual factors and divergent professional lenses...
December 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258598/what-methods-do-reviews-of-normative-ethics-literature-use-for-search-selection-analysis-and-synthesis-in-depth-results-from-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#14
Marcel Mertz, Daniel Strech, Hannes Kahrass
BACKGROUND: (Semi-)systematic approaches to finding, analysing, and synthesising ethics literature on medical topics are still in their infancy. However, our recent systematic review showed that the rate of publication of such (semi-)systematic reviews has increased in the last two decades. This is not only true for reviews of empirical ethics literature, but also for reviews of normative ethics literature. In the latter case, there is currently little in the way of standards and guidance available...
December 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258596/the-impact-of%C3%A2-social-activities-social-networks-social-support-and-social-relationships-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#15
Michelle E Kelly, Hollie Duff, Sara Kelly, Joanna E McHugh Power, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor, David G Loughrey
BACKGROUND: Social relationships, which are contingent on access to social networks, promote engagement in social activities and provide access to social support. These social factors have been shown to positively impact health outcomes. In the current systematic review, we offer a comprehensive overview of the impact of social activities, social networks and social support on the cognitive functioning of healthy older adults (50+) and examine the differential effects of aspects of social relationships on various cognitive domains...
December 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258593/evaluations-of-the-uptake-and-impact-of-the-preferred-reporting-items-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-prisma-statement-and-extensions-a-scoping-review
#16
Matthew J Page, David Moher
BACKGROUND: The PRISMA Statement is a reporting guideline designed to improve transparency of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses. Seven extensions to the PRISMA Statement have been published to address the reporting of different types or aspects of SRs, and another eight are in development. We performed a scoping review to map the research that has been conducted to evaluate the uptake and impact of the PRISMA Statement and extensions. We also synthesised studies evaluating how well SRs published after the PRISMA Statement was disseminated adhere to its recommendations...
December 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258583/circulating-cancer-stem-cell-markers-in-breast-carcinomas-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Maryam Mansoori, Zahra Madjd, Leila Janani, Arezoo Rasti
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women worldwide. Recent studies have provided strong support for the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis, which suggests that many cancers, including breast cancer, are driven by a subpopulation of cells that display stem cell-like properties. The hypothesis that a subpopulation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) possesses many CSC-like hallmarks is reinforced by the expression of related molecular markers between these two cell populations...
December 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246253/prevalence-and-pattern-of-co-occurring-musculoskeletal-pain-and-its-association-with-back-related-disability-among-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Cecilie K Overaas, Melker S Johansson, Tarcisio F de Campos, Manuela L Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J Mork, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, and treatment outcomes. The purpose of this review is to get a better understanding of prevalence and patterns of co-occurring musculoskeletal pain complaints in those with persistent low back pain and its potential association with age, sex, and back-related disability as it might affect prognosis and management...
December 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246254/disclosure-of-domestic-violence-and-sexual-assault-within-the-context-of-abortion-meta-ethnographic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-protocol
#19
Lydia Mainey, Annabel Taylor, Kathleen Baird, Catherine O'Mullan
BACKGROUND: One third of women will have an abortion in their lifetime (Kerr, QUT Law Rev 14:15, 2014; Aston and Bewley, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 11:163-8, 2009). These women are more likely to have experienced domestic violence or sexual assault than women who continue with their pregnancies. Frontline health personnel involved in the care of women seeking abortions are uniquely positioned to support patients who choose to disclose their violence. Yet, the disclosure of domestic violence or sexual assault within the context of abortion is not well understood...
December 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237496/government-policy-interventions-to-reduce-human-antimicrobial-use-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat AMR is to reduce antimicrobial drug consumption. Governments around the world have been experimenting with different policy interventions, such as regulating where antimicrobials can be sold, restricting the use of last-resort antimicrobials, funding AMR stewardship programs, and launching public awareness campaigns...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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