journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Systematic Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915839/risk-of-mortality-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-first-degree-relatives-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Jane A Driver, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jaume Forés-Martos, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are childhood onset neurodevelopmental disorders that may persist into adulthood. ASD and ADHD tend to run in families and may have a significant negative impact on the health and longevity of those with the disorder and their relatives. The aim of this study will be to analyze the risk of mortality among children, adolescents, and adults with ASD or ADHD and their first-degree relatives. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies...
September 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893312/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-four-square-step-test-in-different-adult-populations-a-systematic-review
#2
Martha Moore, Karen Barker
BACKGROUND: The four square step test (FSST) was first validated in healthy older adults to provide a measure of dynamic standing balance and mobility. The FSST has since been used in a variety of patient populations. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the validity and reliability of the FSST in these different adult patient populations. METHODS: The literature search was conducted to highlight all the studies that measured validity and reliability of the FSST...
September 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893307/interventions-to-control-myopia-progression-in-children-protocol-for-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#3
Efthymia Prousali, Asimina Mataftsi, Nikolaos Ziakas, Andreas Fontalis, Periklis Brazitikos, Anna-Bettina Haidich
BACKGROUND: Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence among developed countries of the world. Myopia constitutes a substantial risk factor for several ocular conditions that can lead to blindness. The purpose of this study is to conduct an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in order to identify and appraise robust research evidence regarding the management of myopia progression in children and adolescents. METHODS: A literature search will be conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), and Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database via Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD)...
September 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886726/overviews-of-systematic-reviews-great-promise-greater-challenge
#4
EDITORIAL
Joanne E McKenzie, Sue E Brennan
The proliferation of systematic reviews and escalating demand from policy makers has driven a newer form of evidence synthesis-overviews of systematic reviews. Systematic Reviews are publishing a special thematic series on overviews and are encouraging submissions on the development and evaluation of methods for this review type. The authors' of this editorial introduce the series by considering challenges that arise when conducting an overview and what methods guidance is available. They emphasise the importance of evaluating overview methods to understand the trade-offs of using different approaches and propose that a more systematic and coordinated approach to methods development would be beneficial...
September 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886721/sex-and-gender-considerations-in-transplantation-research-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#5
Claudie Laprise, Vikas Srinivasan Sridhar, Lori West, Bethany Foster, Louise Pilote, Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing appreciation of the importance of sex and gender considerations in transplantation research, there is currently no framework or good practice guidelines for the appropriate handling of sex and gender issues in human allotransplantation research. METHODS: We will conduct a scoping review to synthesize the evidence on how matters of sex and gender have been handled in human allotransplantation research. We will survey the literature discussing sex and gender in relation to transplantation, including adult and pediatric patients, hematopoietic and solid organ transplant recipients as well as organ donors...
September 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882175/strategies-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-persons-post-stroke-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#6
Sarah E P Munce, Laure Perrier, Saeha Shin, Chamila Adhihetty, Kristen Pitzul, Michelle L A Nelson, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: While many outcomes post-stroke (e.g., depression) have been previously investigated, there is no complete data on the impact of a variety of quality improvement strategies on the quality of life and physical and psychological well-being of individuals post-stroke. The current paper outlines a systematic review protocol on the impact of quality improvement strategies on quality of life as well as physical and psychological well-being of individuals with stroke. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases will be searched...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882166/social-determinants-of-common-metabolic-risk-factors-high-blood-pressure-high-blood-sugar-high-body-mass-index-and-high-waist-hip-ratio-of-major-non-communicable-diseases-in-south-asia-region-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Sudesh Raj Sharma, Shiva Raj Mishra, Kusum Wagle, Rachel Page, Anna Matheson, Danielle Lambrick, James Faulkner, David Lounsbury, Abhinav Vaidya
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of non-communicable diseases has been increasing at a greater pace in developing countries and, in particular, the South Asia region. Various behavioral, social and environmental factors present in this region perpetuate common metabolic risk factors of non-communicable diseases. This study will identify social determinants of common metabolic risk factors of major non-communicable diseases in the context of the South Asian region and map their causal pathway. METHODS: A systematic review of selected articles will be carried out following Cochrane guidelines...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882156/comparative-safety-and-efficacy-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#8
Jennifer Watt, Zahra Goodarzi, Andrea C Tricco, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are highly prevalent in patients with dementia. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies are commonly used to treat these symptoms, but their comparative safety and efficacy is unknown. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic review of the published and unpublished literature to retrieve all articles pertaining to outcomes of safety and efficacy associated with pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments of BPSD for patients living in the community and institutionalized care settings...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874176/evaluative-reports-on-medical-malpractice-policies-in-obstetrics-a-rapid-scoping-review
#9
Roberta Cardoso, Wasifa Zarin, Vera Nincic, Sarah Louise Barber, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Charlotte Wilson, Katherine Wilson, Heather McDonald, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Sharon E Straus, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: The clinical specialty of obstetrics is under particular scrutiny with increasing litigation costs and unnecessary tests and procedures done in attempts to prevent litigation. We aimed to identify reports evaluating or comparing the effectiveness of medical liability reforms and quality improvement strategies in improving litigation-related outcomes in obstetrics. METHODS: We conducted a rapid scoping review with a 6-week timeline. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LexisNexis Academic, the Legal Scholarship Network, Justis, LegalTrac, QuickLaw, and HeinOnline were searched for publications in English from 2004 until June 2015...
September 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865491/socio-ecological-influences-on-adolescent-aged-10-17-alcohol-use-and-linked-unhealthy-eating-behaviours-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#10
Stephanie Scott, Jessica Reilly, Emma L Giles, Frances Hillier-Brown, Louisa Ells, Eileen Kaner, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight and risky alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Health behaviours cluster in adolescence and track to adulthood. Very little is known about similar and contrasting influences on young people's eating behaviours and alcohol use. Whilst there are bodies of literature which explore the influences on young people's eating behaviour and alcohol consumption respectively, no qualitative studies have been identified with an explicit and concurrent focus on adolescent eating behaviours and alcohol consumption...
September 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859697/o-connor-et-al-systematic-review-regarding-animal-feeding-operations-and-public-health-critical-flaws-may-compromise-conclusions
#11
LETTER
Keeve E Nachman, Juleen Lam, Leah H Schinasi, Tara C Smith, Beth J Feingold, Joan A Casey
In this comment, we summarize several scientific concerns with the recently published systematic review from O'Connor and colleagues that examined the relationship between proximity to animal-feeding operations and health of individuals in nearby communities. The authors utilized a bias tool not designed for environmental health research, erroneously excluded important studies, and incorrectly interpreted others. As a result, the conclusions drawn in the review misrepresent the evidence from the published literature, limiting its value to policymakers, researchers, and the public...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859683/psychosocial-and-career-outcomes-of-peer-mentorship-in-medical-resident-education-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Helen Pethrick, Lorelli Nowell, Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci, Liza Lorenzetti, Michele Jacobsen, Tracey Clancy, Diane L Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: Many medical residents lack ready access to social and emotional supports that enable them to successfully cope with the challenges associated with medical residency. This absence of support has been shown to lead to high levels of burnout, decreased mental wellbeing, and difficulty mastering professional competencies in this population. While there is emerging evidence that peer mentoring can be an important source of psychosocial and career-related support for many individuals, the extent of the evidence regarding the benefits of peer mentorship in medical residency education has not yet been established...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859666/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-awareness-of-mental-health-and-well-being-in-athletes-coaches-and-officials
#13
Gavin Breslin, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Paul Donnelly, Gerard Leavey
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to conduct a systematic review determining the effect of sport-specific mental health awareness programs to improve mental health knowledge and help-seeking among sports coaches, athletes and officials. The second aim was to review the study quality and to report on the validity of measures that were used to determine the effectiveness of programs. METHODS: Sport-specific mental health awareness programs adopting an experimental or quasi-experimental design were included for synthesis...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854958/the-effects-of-community-pharmacy-public-health-interventions-on-population-health-and-health-inequalities-a-systematic-review-of-reviews-protocol
#14
Frances Hillier-Brown, Clare Bambra, Katie Thomson, Mirza Balaj, Nick Walton, Adam Todd
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies have great potential to deliver services aimed at promoting health and preventing disease, and are embedded within communities. In the light of a rapid increase in community pharmacy-delivered public health services and an accompanying increase in the evidence base, this systematic review of reviews will synthesise systematic reviews of public health community pharmacy interventions and assess their effects on public health and health inequalities. METHODS/DESIGN: Systematic review methodology will be used to identify all systematic reviews that describe the health and health equity effects of community pharmacy public health interventions...
August 30, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851449/patient-satisfaction-with-e-oral-health-care-in-rural-and-remote-settings-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Elham Emami, Naomi Kadoch, Sara Homayounfar, Hermina Harnagea, Patrice Dupont, Nicolas Giraudeau, Rodrigo Mariño
BACKGROUND: Individuals living in rural and remote settings face oral health problems and access-to-care barriers due to the shortage of oral health care providers in these areas, geographic remoteness, lack of appropriate infrastructure and lower socio-economic status. E-Oral Health technology could mitigate these barriers by providing the delivery of some aspects of health care and exchange of information across geographic distances. This review will systematically evaluate the literature on patient satisfaction with received E-Oral Health care in rural and remote communities...
August 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851433/systematic-review-of-effectiveness-of-universal-self-regulation-based-interventions-and-their-effects-on-distal-health-and-social-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-review-protocol
#16
Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Russell Viner
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that childhood and adolescence self-regulation contributes to multiple health, educational and social outcomes. Considering the potential impact of self-regulation skills on improved life chances in conjunction with evidence suggesting that self-regulation can be modified by interventions, there is a need to identify interventions which are most effective in improving childhood and adolescence self-regulation. The present systematic review was designed to determine the effectiveness of universal interventions focused on enhancing the self-regulation of children and adolescents...
August 29, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841912/choice-of-initial-antiretroviral-drugs-and-treatment-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-sub-saharan-africa-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#17
Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Alemayehu Worku, Yigzaw Kebede, Kassahun Alemu, Adetayo Kasim, Ziv Shkedy
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on the choice of regimens during initiation. Most evidences from developed countries indicated that there is difference between efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP). However, the evidences are limited in resource poor countries particularly in Africa. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out to summarize reported long-term treatment outcomes among people on first line therapy in sub-Saharan Africa...
August 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841910/the-hiv-care-cascade-from-hiv-diagnosis-to-viral-suppression-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-protocol
#18
Aysel Gueler, Fiona Vanobberghen, Brian Rice, Matthias Egger, Catrina Mugglin
BACKGROUND: In 2014, UNAIDS announced the 90-90-90 treatment targets to curb the HIV epidemic by 2020: 90% of people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV status access treatment and 90% of people on treatment have suppressed viral loads. Monitoring and evaluation are needed to track linkage and retention throughout the continuum of care. We propose a systematic review and meta-regression to identify the different methodological approaches used to define the steps in the HIV care cascade in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where most people with HIV live, and to assess the proportion of participants retained at each step...
August 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841908/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-integration-of-mental-health-services-into-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Edith K Wakida, Dickens Akena, Elialilia S Okello, Alison Kinengyere, Ronald Kamoga, Arnold Mindra, Celestino Obua, Zohray M Talib
BACKGROUND: Mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and yet health systems have not adequately responded to the burden of mental disorders. Integrating mental health services into primary health care (PHC) is the most viable way of closing the treatment gap and ensuring that people get the mental health care they need. PHC was formally adapted by the World Health Organization (WHO), and they have since invested enormous amounts of resources across the globe to ensure that integration of mental health services into PHC works...
August 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838320/does-value-stream-mapping-affect-the-structure-process-and-outcome-quality-in-care-facilities-a-systematic-review
#20
Marina Nowak, Holger Pfaff, Ute Karbach
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement within health and social care facilities is needed and has to be evidence-based and patient-centered. Value Stream Mapping, a method of Lean management, aims to increase the patients' value and quality of care by a visualization and quantification of the care process. The aim of this research is to examine the effectiveness of Value Stream Mapping on structure, process, and outcome quality in care facilities. METHODS: A systematic review is conducted...
August 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
journal
journal
43996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"