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Case Reports in Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396817/delayed-infection-of-a-lymphocele-following-rarp-in-a-patient-with-nonspecific-symptoms
#1
Tomoki Taniguchi, Yoshito Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Taniguchi, Toru Yamada, Kenichiro Ishida
Pelvic lymphoceles are an infrequent complication after pelvic surgery and develop shortly after the surgery in most cases. We experienced a case of delayed infection of a lymphocele 6 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and pelvic lymphadenectomy. In this case, antimicrobial chemotherapy and percutaneous drainage were effective, and there was no recurrence of the disease. Most urologists do not recognize that infected lymphoceles can develop a long time after surgery; thus, infected lymphoceles should be kept in mind in patients with nonspecific infectious symptoms, regardless of the length of time after surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396816/psma-pet-ct-positive-paget-disease-in-a-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer-imaging-and-bone-biopsy-findings
#2
Michael Froehner, Marieta Toma, Klaus Zöphel, Vladimir Novotny, Michael Laniado, Manfred P Wirth
A 67-year-old man diagnosed with Gleason score 4 + 5 = 9 clinically localized prostate cancer with (68)Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeted ligand positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PSMA-PET/CT) positive Paget bone disease is described. Immunohistochemical staining revealed weak PSMA positivity of the bone lesion supporting the hypothesis that neovasculature might explain positive PSMA-PET/CT findings in Paget disease.
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386510/intraparenchymal-renal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-arteriovenous-fistula-on-a-solitary-kidney-occurring-38-years-after-blunt-trauma
#3
Daniel Benamran, Benedicte de Clippele, Frank Hammer, Bertrand Tombal
Pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistulae of the renal artery are rare complications of kidney trauma. They commonly result from open traumas and occur within days after the injury. Common symptoms include acute haematuria, pain, or hypertension. We report the case of a fifty-three-year-old man presenting with symptomatic complex chronic high flow kidney arteriovenous fistula with interposition of a pseudoaneurysmal pouch and arterial aneurysmal dilatation in a solitary left kidney 38 years after a blunt trauma...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377829/prostate-cancer-presenting-with-parietal-bone-metastasis
#4
Brahima Kirakoya, Abdoul Karim Pare, Babagana Mustapha Abubakar, Moussa Kabore
Bone metastases from prostate cancer are very common. They are usually located on the axial skeleton. However, cranial bone metastases especially to the parietal bone are rare. We report a case of metastatic prostate cancer presenting with left parietal bone metastasis in a patient with no urological symptoms or signs. We should consider prostate cancer in any man above 60 years presenting unusual bone lesions.
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352488/rare-case-of-a-well-differentiated-paratesticular-sarcoma-of-the-spermatic-cord-in-a-60-year-old-patient
#5
Marwen Benna, Semia Zarraâ, Asma Belaïd, Aziz Cherif, Lotfi Kochbati, Mohammed Chebil, Farouk Benna
Introduction. Liposarcomas are tumors that occur mostly in the retroperitoneum. Of all liposarcomas only 3 to 7% are found in the paratesticular region. The spermatic cord is the main site of origin in these cases. The patients ages range from 50 to 60 years. This malignant disease can result in a loss of fertility aside from life-threatening sequelae. Case. We present a case of a liposarcoma of the paratesticular region. A 60-year-old man was referred with a painless mass in the scrotum and the right inguinal region...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352487/giant-perineal-solitary-fibrous-tumor-a-rare-case-report
#6
Petronio Augusto de Souza Melo, Ana Maria Yoshino Bonifaci, Fabio da Silva Crochik, Claudio Bovolenta Murta, Joaquim Francisco de Almeida Claro, Joao Padua Manzano
Background. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a fibroblastic mesenchymal tumor that was initially described from the pleura but currently arises at almost every anatomic site. It is usually benign, and surgical resection is curative. SFT involving the perineum is extremely rare. This is the third case report of a perineal SFT in the literature. Case Presentation. We reported an uncommon case of a 64-year-old man presenting with a huge perineal mass that started growing 3 years before his arrival in our service...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337357/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-prostate-which-was-initially-misdiagnosed-as-prostate-cancer
#7
Soma Osamu, Hiromi Murasawa, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the prostate is a very rare tumor. We report a case of 65-year-old man with SFT of the prostate which was initially misdiagnosed as prostate cancer. Finally, we performed total prostatectomy and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as SFT of the prostate. The patient's clinical course has progressed favorably with no obvious recurrence 18 months postoperatively.
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331646/conversion-of-low-flow-priapism-to-high-flow-state-using-t-shunt-with-tunneling
#8
Neil A Mistry, Nicholas N Tadros, Jason C Hedges
Introduction. The three types of priapism are stuttering, arterial (high-flow, nonischemic), and venoocclusive (low-flow, ischemic). These are usually distinct entities and rarely occur in the same patient. T-shunts and other distal shunts are frequently combined with tunneling, but a seldom recognized potential complication is conversion to a high-flow state. Case Presentation. We describe 2 cases of men who presented with low-flow priapism episodes that were treated using T-shunts with tunneling that resulted with both men having recurrent erections shortly after surgery that were found to be consistent with high-flow states...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326221/an-extremely-rare-case-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-floating-benign-mesenchymal-mass-in-abdomen
#9
Bulent Kati, Yigit Akin, Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Mehmet Ogur Yilmaz
A 48-year-old man admitted to the urology outpatient clinic with major symptoms of right-side pain and intermittent lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) such as low urine flow rate, dysuria, and frequency. Uroflowmetry showed low urine flow, and laboratory tests revealed no pathology. Ultrasound (US) showed a 7 cm calcific mass above the bladder and a kidney cyst with a diameter of 5.3 cm in the upper pole of the right kidney. Enhanced computed tomography confirmed the US findings. Laparoscopic transperitoneal renal cyst decortication was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326220/extensive-renal-arteriovenous-malformations-treated-by-transcatheter-arterial-embolization
#10
Tadashi Tabei, Hironao Tajirika, Jun Yoshigi, Kazuki Kobayashi
An 84-year-old woman was referred to our department due to gross hematuria. Enhanced computed tomography revealed early enhancement of the right renal vein and multiple tortuous vessels around the right renal hilus, part of which had invaded into the renal parenchyma and renal calix. We diagnosed her with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and performed transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). Angiography showed extensive and complex AVMs located in the central and peripheral areas of her kidney. After TAE, the hematuria resolved and she became hemodynamically stable...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316859/mycotic-aneurysm-after-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Nathaniel D Coddington, Jesse K Sandberg, Chen Yang, Jennifer K Sehn, Eric H Kim, Seth A Strope
Background. Intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an effective adjunctive therapy for superficial bladder cancer that has been shown to delay recurrence and progression of disease. Serious side effects are relatively rare but are difficult to diagnosis and commonly overlooked. Case Presentation. We report the case of a patient who was found to have mycotic aortic aneurysms secondary to treatment with BCG after a prolonged course with multiple intervening hospitalizations. Conclusion. Through this report, we discuss our present understanding of BCG infection following treatment and review the literature regarding this particular rare manifestation...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243479/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-after-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-failure
#12
Leon Telis, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, David B Samadi
Background. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men. As new focal therapies become more popular in treatment of prostate cancer, failure cases requiring salvage therapy with either surgical or other techniques are being reported. Objective. To report the options in treatment of prostate cancer after recurrence or failure of the primary treatment modality. Methods. We report a salvage robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for prostate cancer recurrence following high intensity focused ultrasound treatment (HIFU) in the United States...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116211/incidental-presacral-myelolipoma-resembling-the-liposarcoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Naoto Tokuyama, Hisashi Takeuchi, Isao Kuroda, Teiichiro Aoyagi
Presacral myelolipomas are rare, benign, asymptomatic tumors composed of mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic elements, but fewer than 50 cases have been reported in the literature. They are usually discovered incidentally during imaging studies and are often misdiagnosed as liposarcoma, which have a malignant nature, because the imaging findings of myelolipoma can be similar to those of liposarcoma. It is challenging to distinguish presacral myelolipomas from other presacral fat-containing tumors without performing a histological examination...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078160/primary-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-with-signet-ring-cells-description-of-an-uncommon-case-and-critical-points-in-its-management
#14
Fabrizio Di Maida, Giuliano Amorim Aita, Daniele Amorim Aita
We present an uncommon case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder (MAB) with signet-ring cells extensively infiltrating prostate gland and pelvic/retroperitoneal lymph node stations and not responsive to usual systemic chemotherapy regimens. This case highlights the important features of MAB including the pattern of tumor spread, the tendency for initial misdiagnosis, and the importance of immunohistochemical study in order to define its primary origin from the bladder and choose the most appropriate treatment since the beginning...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074169/multilocular-cystic-renal-cell-carcinoma-or-cystic-nephroma
#15
Adolfo González-Serrano, Roberto Cortez-Betancourt, Alejandro Alías-Melgar, Pedro Jair Botello-Gómez, Emilio Ramírez-Garduño, Eric Iván Trujillo-Vázquez, Yosimart Torres-Santos, José Antonio Mata-Martínez, Fernando Carreño-de la Rosa
The incidence of Multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma (MCRCC) in literature is very low and confounding MCRCC with cystic nephroma (CN) is even more unusual. The aim of this report is to present a case of MCRCC and emphasize the importance of the preoperative radiologic evaluation and immunohistochemical staining confirmation to obtain an accurate diagnosis. A 73-year-old woman presented with a history of 4-month right flank pain. CT showed a Bosniak type III renal mass. After laparoscopic partial nephrectomy the initial report was cystic nephroma...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070443/partial-nephrectomy-for-a-massive-sporadic-renal-angiomyolipoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Jacob Albersheim-Carter, Molly Klein, Paari Murugan, Christopher J Weight
Introduction. Angiomyolipomas are the most common benign tumor of the kidney, associated with Tuberous Sclerosis in 20% of cases and arising sporadically in 80% of cases. Renal angiomyolipomas are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin with varying proportions of vasculature, smooth muscle spindle cells, and adipocytes, making management of such neoplasms a challenging endeavor. Possible management options include partial or radical nephrectomy and segmental renal artery embolization. Case Presentation. A 61-year-old woman admitted for a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage was discovered to have a giant, sporadic, 3818...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974989/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-bladder-2-rare-cases-managed-with-laparoscopic-partial-cystectomy
#17
Sofia Santos Lopes, Andrea Furtado, Rita Oliveira, Ana Cebola, Bruno Graça, Manuel Ferreira Coelho, Fernando Ferrito, Carrasquinho Gomes
Two cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the bladder are reported here. Both patients were male and presented with macroscopic hematuria; in the first case terminal hematuria was associated with irritative voiding symptoms. The second case was a smoker with hematuria unresponsive to medical treatment and anemia. Clinical presentation, pathological features, treatment, and prognosis are discussed. Due to rarity of this pathological condition, there are no guidelines concerning treatment and follow-up...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974988/surgical-management-of-giant-genital-condyloma-acuminata-by-using-double-keystone-flaps
#18
Peri Eriad Yunir, Chaidir A Mochtar, Agus Rizal A H Hamid, Chaula L Sukasah, Rainy Umbas
Condyloma acuminata in the external genitalia (genital warts) is a sexually transmitted disease that is often caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). We report a case of giant genital condyloma acuminata in a 35-year-old male patient with HIV comorbidity treated by wide surgical excision. Excision defect was covered with split thickness skin graft (STSG) and double keystone flaps. There was no complication after surgery. Ten months following surgery, there was no new condyloma lesion and the patient had normal voiding and erectile functions...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882260/intrascrotal-collection-in-an-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
L Moens, P Yengue Yengue, C Assenmacher
Context. An inguinoscrotal swelling occurring during an acute pancreatitis is very rare. Case Report. We report a case of right inguinoscrotal swelling appearing in connection with an interstitial edematous acute pancreatitis. We have noticed a spontaneous complete reduction of the right inguinoscrotal swelling after 10 days. Conclusion. The management of a scrotal swelling should be the least invasive possible method but also the most complete possible method to avoid unnecessary interventions. The exclusion of a pathology that could affect the vital prognosis of the testis remains the absolute priority...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872789/malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-of-prostate-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Kun-Lin Hsieh, Chih-Cheng Lu, Chien-Feng Li, Yin-Hsun Feng, Alex C Liao
A mid-aged male presented with progressive lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) for years. Huge prostate with low serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was detected. The specimen from transurethral resection revealed surprising pathology finding as malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). Considering its huge size (more than 300 gm) and location, we prescribed neoadjuvant chemotherapy firstly. The tumor became regressive and then radical surgical resection was achieved. Adjuvant multimodality treatment including concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and target therapy was given...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
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