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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine

Chelsea Kennedy-Snodgrass, Vivian Keenan, Douglas S Katz
Dropped gallstones are a relatively common complication, occurring in 3% to 32% of laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed, depending on various intraoperative risk factors. However, complications arising from dropped gallstones are relatively rare, occurring in fewer than 1% of such patients, and can include abscesses and inflammatory masses confined to the subhepatic space, presenting days to years later. We report a patient who developed an infected renal cyst as a result of dropped gallstones, which created a fistula from the duodenum to a previously simple right renal cyst, which was initially identified on an abdominal CT scan...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Shaunak R Mulani, Patrick Stoner, Alexander Schlachterman, Hans K Ghayee, Li Lu, Anand Gupte
Primary adrenal leiomyosarcoma (PAL) is an extremely rare mesenchymal tumor with only a few isolated case reports in the medical literature. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) or endoscopic ultrasound-guided core biopsy (EUS-CB) is a safe, effective modality for sampling lesions in the gastrointestinal tract and adjacent organs, including the adrenal glands. We describe the case of a 50-year-old male presenting with abdominal pain and unintentional weight loss over the course of one year...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Chukwunonso Chime, Madhavi Ravi, Myrta Daniel, Harish Patel, Bhavna Balar
Gastrocolic fistulae have been described for benign conditions including penetrating peptic ulcer and complicated pancreatitis. Malignant etiology can arise from gastric or colon cancer and is a rare and late complication with an incidence of 0.3-0.4%. Usual presentation is the classic triad of weight loss, diarrhea, and feculent vomiting. Barium enema has been shown to have the highest diagnostic accuracy but endoscopy offers additional advantage of biopsy to aid in diagnosis of malignant etiology; the role of computed tomography (CT) scan is controversial...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Lina Abdul Karim, Dong Hyang Kwon, Metin Ozdemirli
Heterotopia is defined as the presence of mature, histologically normal, tissue in unusual anatomic sites. When this heterotopic tissue forms a mass, it is called a choristoma. This case series describes 3 cases of gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) salivary heterotopias. While heterotopias are usually incidental findings, choristomas can clinically and endoscopically mimic carcinomas and might lead to unnecessary procedures for the patients. Clinicians should therefore be aware of this entity. Literature search, however, failed to show any reports of salivary gland heterotopias in the GEJ...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Ko Matsuura, Shinsuke Hiramatsu, Rika Taketani, Kohei Ishibashi, Masanao Uraoka, Shinichi Baba, Akihiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Takihara, Chie Ueda, Taro Inoue
Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare, suppurative disease characterized by full-thickness exudative changes, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and edema primarily in the submucosal layer. A 76-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes and myelodysplastic syndrome underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer. Postoperatively, she developed persistent fever and computed tomography displayed full-circumference thickening of the gastric wall and increased levels of fat stranding. Endoscopy showed post-ESD ulcer floor expansion, formation of a false lumen between the ulcer floor and surrounding folds, and adhesion of purulent matter...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Sushant M Nanavati, Hiren Patel, Gabriel Melki, Vinod Kumar, Edward Milman, Patrick Michael, Ariy Volfson
Overshadowed by Sino-pulmonary infections, Cystic Fibrosis (CF) commonly affects gastrointestinal organs because of secretory and motility dysfunction. Infrequently, these changes result in Distal Intestinal Obstruction Syndrome (DIOS), an increasingly diagnosed gastrointestinal entity in adult Cystic Fibrosis patients. We present a case 22-year-old male who presented to our hospital with right lower quadrant abdominal pain with suspicion of acute appendicitis and was subsequently diagnosed as DIOS. Our case highlights the importance of DIOS as one of the differential diagnosis of right lower quadrant abdominal pain in a patient with a CF, especially for physicians working at community hospitals which may not have a Cystic Fibrosis care program available...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Madhuri Chandnani, Jonah Cohen, Tyler M Berzin
Self-expanding removable stents are used for the treatment of esophageal strictures. Partially covered metal stents become embedded in the esophageal wall due to mucosal tissue reaction providing good anchorage. This can also lead to extreme difficulty in the removal of such stents. Several different individual techniques have been used in literature for removal of these esophageal stents. Ours is the first case using a combination of cryoablation and stent-in-stent technique for removal of an extremely difficult case of embedded esophageal stent...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Vijay Gayam, Amrendra Kumar Mandal, Pavani Garlapati, Mazin Khalid, Arshpal Gill, Khalid Mowyad
Recurrent acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) with levels below 1000 mg/dL has been rarely reported in the literature. HTG is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis and has been established in the literature as a risk factor when levels are greater than 1000 mg/dL. A 43-year-old patient presented to the hospital with severe epigastric abdominal pain. Initial laboratory investigations were significant for a lipase level of 4143 U/L and a triglyceride level of 600 mg/dL. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed diffuse enlargement of the pancreas consistent with pancreatitis...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Jéssica Alférez-Andía, Harold Benites-Goñi, Fernando Palacios-Salas
Hyperplastic polyps are the most frequent benign epithelial gastric polyps. Although they are considered nonneoplastic, some cases have been reported with focal adenocarcinoma. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with a sessile lesion of 15 mm on the distal gastric body associated with an extensive atrophic gastritis. Magnifying endoscopy with Fuji Intelligent Color Enhancement (FICE) revealed an irregular microsurface pattern at the apex, suggesting malignancy. A mucosectomy was performed. The histopathology revealed that the base corresponded to a hyperplastic polyp, where a tubular adenoma with high-grade dysplasia was established, with focal well-differentiated intramucosal tubular adenocarcinoma...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Aaron Fisher, Alexandra Halalau
Klebsiella oxytoca hemorrhagic colitis is a rare form of antibiotic associated hemorrhagic colitis that is Clostridium difficile negative. Klebsiella oxytoca colitis has been shown to be triggered by penicillin administration, yet other antibiotics have been implicated as well. It can mimic the appearance of ischemic colitis on endoscopy; however it will generally be found in young, otherwise healthy patients without risk factors. We present a case of a 33-year-old Caucasian female who presented to the emergency room with profuse, bloody diarrhea for 5 days, after a one-week course of ampicillin...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Maxim Olivier, Mario Madruga, S J Carlan, Li Ge
Background: Hemophilia A is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by defective synthesis of Factor VIII protein. Depending on the level of FVIII activity, patients may present with easy bruising, inadequate clotting of traumatic or mild injury, or in severe hemophilia, spontaneous hemorrhage. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is reported to have a decreased frequency of occurrence in subjects with coagulation disorders. Case: A 26-year-old white male with Hemophilia A was admitted for one month of rectal bleeding...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Thamer Kassim, Joy-Marie Hermes, Abdullah Abdussalam, Ahmed Aly, Subhash Chandra
Medications account for a small portion of the various etiologies of acute pancreatitis. Prompt identification of drugs as the inciting factor decreases disease recurrence and unnecessary invasive diagnostic intervention. This case is a report of fenofibrate-induced acute pancreatitis including a disease recurrence with continuation of fenofibrate which subsequently resolved after drug discontinuation. The patient underwent invasive diagnostic evaluation including endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Matthew Chadwick, Leonid Shamban, Michael Neumann
Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) are an uncommon cause of hospitalization in the United States. The majority of such cases are polymicrobial and are most commonly caused by seeding of infection from the biliary system. PLA is frequently associated with specific comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, history of liver transplant, underlying hepatobiliary, or pancreatic disease. Herein, we describe a 47-year-old healthy male with no known risk factors associated with PLA who presented to the hospital with acute fever, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Min Ho Cho, Rohan Mandaliya, Jennifer Tran, Wen Lee, Mitesh Patel
Obstructive jaundice, weight loss, and anorexia often raise a concern for pancreatic malignancy. Although pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the most common form of pancreatic cancer, not all pancreatic malignancies are exocrine in origin. With advancement in endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration, it has become easier to make correct diagnosis. Plasmacytoma of pancreas is a solitary tumor of plasma cells and it can also lead to the same clinical presentations. Immunohistochemistry is required to make the diagnosis of plasmacytoma...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Ramy Mansour, Justin Miller
Percutaneous Liver Biopsy is an often-required procedure for the evaluation of multiple liver diseases. The complications are rare but well reported. Here we present a case of a 60-year-old overweight female who underwent liver biopsy for elevated alkaline phosphatase. She developed acute pancreatitis secondary to hemobilia, with atypical signs and symptoms, following the biopsy. She never had the classic triad of RUQ pain, jaundice, and upper GI hemorrhage. There were also multiple negative imaging studies, thus complicating the presentation...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Tomaz Crochemore, Felicio Aragão Savioli
Liver disease has been considered the prototype of hemorrhagic disease. Disorder in any component of coagulation system can lead to hemorrhage. Deficiency of factor XIII may impair clot strength and clot stabilization and can be accessed by thromboelastometry. We report a case of a patient with a rapid evolution of liver disease who underwent a liver biopsy. Thromboelastometry was performed, evidencing impairment of clot stability. This clotting disorder was corrected with factor XIII concentrate after unsuccessful administration of antifibrinolytic drugs and hepatic biopsy was performed without hemorrhagic complications...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Jian Guan, Alvina Munaf, Alric V Simmonds, Irteza Inayat
Systemic sclerosis is a multisystem disease featured with autoimmunity and organ fibrosis. Although gastrointestinal (GI) tract involvement is common in patients with systemic sclerosis, colonic perforation is extremely rare. Benign pneumatosis intestinalis, a phenomenon more frequently seen in rheumatologic conditions, makes the diagnosis of colonic perforation even more challenging. We report a unique case of colonic perforation in a patient with chronic systemic sclerosis. This patient initially presented with mild abdominal pain and hematemesis...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Ali Kord Valeshabad, Jennifer Acostamadiedo, Lekui Xiao, Winnie Mar, Karen L Xie
A 49-year-old male with history of chronic alcohol-induced pancreatitis presented with one month of worsening left pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. Chest radiograph demonstrated bilateral pleural effusions. Thoracentesis revealed increased amylase in the pleural fluid. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed a fistula tract between the left pleural cavity and pancreas which was confirmed on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Patient was treated with placement of a pancreatic stent with complete resolution of the fistula tract approximately in 9 weeks...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Laurence De Davide, Annie Beaudoin
Phlegmonous gastritis is a pyogenic infection affecting the submucosa of the gastric wall. Although rarely diagnosed, it remains a disease with high mortality. We thereby describe the case of a 42-year-old male patient known for psoriatic arthritis on Infliximab who was diagnosed with phlegmonous gastritis secondary to immunosuppressive therapy. The patient had a favourable outcome with a conservative treatment consisting of a 14-day course of broad antibiotherapy.
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Kaci E Christian, John D Morris, Guofeng Xie
Background: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRiM) is the test of choice to diagnose esophageal motility disorders and is particularly useful for identifying achalasia subtypes, which often guide therapy. HRiM is typically performed without sedation in the office setting. However, a substantial number of patients fail this approach. We report our single-center experience on endoscopy-assisted HRiM under monitored anesthesia care (MAC) in adults to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this approach...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
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