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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine

Ali Kord Valeshabad, Jennifer Acostamadiedo, Lekui Xiao, Winnie Mar, Karen L Xie
A 49-year-old male with history of chronic alcohol-induced pancreatitis presented with one month of worsening left pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. Chest radiograph demonstrated bilateral pleural effusions. Thoracentesis revealed increased amylase in the pleural fluid. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed a fistula tract between the left pleural cavity and pancreas which was confirmed on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Patient was treated with placement of a pancreatic stent with complete resolution of the fistula tract approximately in 9 weeks...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Laurence De Davide, Annie Beaudoin
Phlegmonous gastritis is a pyogenic infection affecting the submucosa of the gastric wall. Although rarely diagnosed, it remains a disease with high mortality. We thereby describe the case of a 42-year-old male patient known for psoriatic arthritis on Infliximab who was diagnosed with phlegmonous gastritis secondary to immunosuppressive therapy. The patient had a favourable outcome with a conservative treatment consisting of a 14-day course of broad antibiotherapy.
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Kaci E Christian, John D Morris, Guofeng Xie
Background: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRiM) is the test of choice to diagnose esophageal motility disorders and is particularly useful for identifying achalasia subtypes, which often guide therapy. HRiM is typically performed without sedation in the office setting. However, a substantial number of patients fail this approach. We report our single-center experience on endoscopy-assisted HRiM under monitored anesthesia care (MAC) in adults to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this approach...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Haseeb Ahmad Chaudhary, Ibrahim Yusuf Abubeker, Kamran Mushtaq, Khaldun Obeidat, Anand Kartha
Portomesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is an uncommon clinical problem. Common risk factors include intra-abdominal infections, abdominal surgeries, malignancy, cirrhosis, and inherited thrombophilia. Early recognition and treatment of PMVT are important to avoid serious complications like mesenteric ischemia and infarction. Acute cholecystitis is a clinical condition encountered daily but rarely may be complicated by development of portomesenteric venous thrombosis. Only few cases have been reported of superior mesenteric vein thrombosis secondary to cholecystitis...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
O Phillips, A Higdon, R Colaco, H Fish
Considered to be rare, mucosal melanomas are rare type of melanoma that are found on mucosal surfaces and are primary or metastatic in origin. We report a case of a 66-year-old Hispanic female who presented with vague abdominal pain and upon further endoscopic work-up revealed 2 gastric lesions. Endoscopic biopsy results revealed gastric melanoma in the distal lesion. A PET/CT scan indicated it to be suspicious for the primary site of metastasis but was ultimately diagnosed as a benign nevus on biopsy. An extensive clinical exam showed no other probable sites of origin...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Christienne Shams, Seifeldin Hakim, Mitual Amin, Mitchell S Cappell
Prepouch ileitis (PI) is an uncommon complication of ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) and restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) for treatment of refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). A case is reported of PI in a 16-year-old girl who presented with severe UC that was initially stabilized with infliximab therapy but re-presented 1 year later with severe UC, refractory to infliximab and corticosteroid therapy, which required IPAA and RPC. Her symptoms resolved postoperatively, but she re-presented 1 year later with 10 loose, bloody, bowel movements/day and involuntary 6-Kg weight-loss...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Eric Vecchio, Sehrish Jamot, Jason Ferreira
We present the case of an elderly male patient with known multiple myeloma who was hospitalized with profuse watery diarrhea and abdominal pain after a course of induction chemotherapy. Intestinal intramural gas was found on imaging and the diagnosis of pneumatosis intestinalis was confirmed by colonoscopy. We propose counterperfusion supersaturation as the etiology for this patient's pneumatosis coli via disruption of homeostasis between nitrogen and hydrogen normally present in the bowel. His condition was successfully treated with antidiarrheal medications and inhaled oxygen as well as intravenous hydration, and he eventually completed multiple myeloma directed chemotherapy with an excellent response...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Viva Nguyen, Henry N Ngo, Hamza H Awad
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory process of unknown etiology, characterized by noncaseating granulomas. Isolated extrapulmonary disease is rare. We present a case of a 60-year-old woman with chronically elevated alkaline phosphatase. Upon obtaining a liver biopsy, granulomatous hepatitis was observed, suggestive of sarcoidosis. No particular treatment was initiated, and 3 years following the onset of elevated alkaline phosphatase, her levels decreased spontaneously.
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Sohail Farshad, Scott Keeney, Alexandra Halalau, Gehad Ghaith
Melanoma is the most common cancer to metastasize to the gastrointestinal tract; however, metastasis to the stomach is a rare occurrence. We present the case of a patient with a history of melanoma of the chest wall 15 years prior to presentation who initially presented to the hospital with sepsis but was later found to have metastatic melanoma in the gastric cardia. This case illustrates the rare occurrence of metastatic melanoma to the stomach which occurred 15 years after the initial skin diagnosis of melanoma was made, its endoscopic appearance, and how the nonspecific symptoms frequently lead to a delayed diagnosis or one that is not made at all until after autopsy...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Akshay Sharma, Elisa Akagi, Aji Njie, Sachin Goyal, Camelia Arsene, Geetha Krishnamoorthy, Murray Ehrinpreis
The Drug Induced Liver Injury Network reports dietary supplements as one of the most important causes of drug induced hepatotoxicity, yet millions of people use these supplements without being aware of their potential life-threatening side effects. Garcinia cambogia (GC) extract is an herbal weight loss supplement, reported to cause fulminant hepatic failure. We present a case of a 57-year-old female with no previous history of liver disease, who presented with acute hepatitis due to GC extract taken for weight loss, which resolved after stopping it and got reaggravated on retaking it...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Muhammad Aziz, Asad Pervez, Rawish Fatima, Ajay Bansal
Ischemic colitis due to medications is common, and a number of cases have been described with pseudoephedrine as the culprit agent. We present here an interesting case of a healthy female with no risk factors who developed pseudoephedrine induced ischemic colitis. This case serves to remind the healthcare providers about the utmost importance of obtaining a comprehensive history to aid with the diagnosis.
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Vennis Lourdusamy, Dhrumil Patel, Ramon Docobo, Shyamanand Tantry, Dennis Lourdusamy, Saeed Farukh
Wandering spleen, as its name suggests, is a rare condition where the spleen wanders in the abdomen and is most commonly found in the inferior quadrant as a palpable mass. It can have varying presentations and commonly presents as splenic torsion and very rarely as acute pancreatitis. It is imperative not to miss this diagnosis as it can lead to life-threatening complications in the form of splenic torsion/infarction. Here we describe a rare manifestation of wandering spleen where a young female presented with recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Akihiro Matsumi, Hironari Kato, Yousuke Saragai, Sho Mizukawa, Saimon Takada, Shinichiro Muro, Daisuke Uchida, Takeshi Tomoda, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Masaya Iwamuro, Shigeru Horiguchi, Yoshiro Kawahara, Hiroyuki Okada
We report the cases of two patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) using metallic stents (MS) for recurrent cholangitis due to benign biliary stenosis. The patients had repeatedly undergone double-balloon endoscopy and anastomotic stenosis. Thus, EUS-HGS was performed. The procedures were successful, and placement of a covered metallic stent (C-MS) relieved cholangitis. The occurrence of cholangitis was subsequently considerably reduced. For patients with postoperative recurrent cholangitis, EUS-HGS with MS should be considered because of its efficacy and safety...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Sara Benedicenti, Sarah Molfino, Marie Sophie Alfano, Beatrice Molteni, Paola Porsio, Nazario Portolani, Gian Luca Baiocchi
Background. The concept of fluorescence-guided navigation surgery based on indocyanine green (ICG) is a developing interest in many fields of surgical oncology. The technique seems to be promising also during hepatic resection. Case Presentation. We reported our experience of ICG-fluorescence-guided liver resection of metastasis located at VIII Couinaud's segment from colon squamous cell carcinoma of a 74-year-old male patient. Results. After laparotomy, the fluorescing tumour has been clearly identified on the liver surface...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Antoine Abou Rached, Jowana Saba, Leila El Masri, Mary Nakhoul, Carla Razzouk
We report two cases of giant inflammatory polyposis (GIP) with totally different presentation and evolution. The first patient had two giant pseudopolyps after one year of the diagnosis of UC. The second patient had one obstructive giant pseudopolyp secondary to CD at the level of the transverse colon, being totally asymptomatic years before the presentation. GIP is a rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It consists of numerous filiform polyps that look like a "mass of worms" or a "fungating" mass...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Omar Abughanimeh, Sakher Albadarin, Osama Kaddourah, John H Helzberg
Approximately 20% of the adult population in the United States wears dentures. Foreign body ingestions, including dentures, are not uncommon. Although the majority of all ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract, impaction may occur, especially with physiologic constrictions, angulations, or stenosis. The esophagus is the most common site of impaction, whereas colonic impaction is extremely uncommon. We present a case of an 84-year-old male who was referred to the gastroenterology clinic for denture impaction, which lasted for two weeks...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Mia Manabat, Matthew Jackson, Kha Ngo, Laurence Stawick
Pyloric gland adenomas (PGAs) are rare precancerous tumors typically arising from the stomach. Even more rarely do they arise in extragastric sites such as the duodenum and gallbladder. The identification of PGAs is important because they possess a risk of developing into invasive adenocarcinoma. This case report describes a 59-year-old male who presented to our office for a follow-up of a nonspecific duodenal lesion. Endoscopic ultrasound and pathology revealed a PGA with low grade dysplasia and some areas of focal high grade dysplasia...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Mohammad Saud Khan, Zubair Khan, Toseef Javaid, Jamal Akhtar, Abdelmoniem Moustafa, Amos Lal, Abhinav Tiwari, Mohammad Taleb
Isolated polycystic liver disease is a rare disorder. Majority of the patients with isolated polycystic liver disease are asymptomatic with incidental detection of liver cysts on imaging studies done for other purposes. Minority of patients develop symptoms which are mostly secondary to enlarging cysts size and hepatomegaly. Rarely, these patients develop portal hypertension and can present with its clinical manifestations and consequences in the form acute variceal bleeding or recurrent ascites. We present a rare case of 67-year-old female patient with significant history of polycystic liver disease who presented to the hospital with recurrent hematemesis and melena...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Behdod Poushanchi, Hiren Vallabh, Justin Kupec
The chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has steadily increased and, as a result, adverse effects have become more common. Isolated case reports have documented diaphragm-like colonic strictures and ulceration as the result of NSAID use. We report a unique case of this rare side effect with documented endoscopic and histologic healing of multiple proximal diaphragm-like colonic strictures and ulceration months after simple discontinuation of NSAID therapy.
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Romulo Celli, Harriet M Kluger, Xuchen Zhang
Inhibition of immune checkpoint T cell regulatory molecules by using programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), or its ligand (PDL-1), and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) has been increasingly used to treat advanced malignancies. The immune-related adverse effects associated with these treatments such as diarrhea, colitis, and CTLA-4 treatment-associated perforating colitis have been reported. However, anti-PD-1/PD-L1-associated perforating colitis has rarely been reported. We report a case of colonic perforation in a patient recently treated with pembrolizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor for metastatic melanoma...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
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