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Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416875/hawai-i-journal-watch-highlights-of-recent-research-from-the-university-of-hawai-i-and-the-hawai-i-state-department-of-health
#1
Karen Rowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416874/insights-in-public-health-data-highlights-from-the-hawai-i-youth-risk-behavior-survey-links-between-academic-achievement-and-health-behaviors
#2
Rebekah Rodericks, Uyen Vu, Joshua Ryan Holmes, Jennifer Ryan, Tetine Sentell, Susan Saka
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey is administered biennially in odd years to public middle and high school students in Hawai'i. Data highlights are presented from Hawaii's 2017 high school survey results to enhance understanding of the relationship between health and academic achievement. This article reviews a select set of health-risk behaviors and their association with academic grades for Hawai'i public school students. The findings demonstrate that students who self-reported engaging in health protective behaviors also reported higher academic grades in school, while those who engaged in health-risk behaviors were more likely to report lower grades in school...
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416873/medical-school-hotline-student-reactions-to-receiving-their-acceptance-letter-to-the-john-a-burns-school-of-medicine
#3
Damon H Sakai, Satoru Izutsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416872/are-there-gender-differences-in-the-psychological-effects-of-ethnic-identity-and-discrimination-in-hawai-i
#4
Krysia N Mossakowski
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are gender differences in the psychological effects of ethnic identity and discrimination in Hawai'i. Using data from an anonymous survey of undergraduate students (N = 1,033) at a university in Hawai'i, regression results revealed that higher levels of ethnic identification were associated with significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms. This association was statistically significant (P < .001), adjusting for gender, age, socioeconomic status, racial/ethnic group, mixed racial/ethnic status, years living in Hawai'i, immigrant status, and discrimination...
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416871/high-prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-among-adolescents-in-pohnpei-micronesia
#5
Delpihn Abraham, Haley L Cash, A Mark Durand, Justin Denholm, Ada Moadsiri, Sameer Vali Gopalani, Eliaser Johnson
Non-communicable disease (NCD) related behaviors among adolescents are on the rise globally and in the Pacific region. To better understand and elucidate the prevalence of NCD risk factors among adolescents in Pohnpei state, Federated States of Micronesia, a cross-sectional study was conducted among secondary school students. Of 2965 students enrolled in the 2015-2016 academic year, 2555 (86.2%) completed the survey, and 2386 (80.5%) were included in the final analysis. Of the survey respondents, 21.7% of students self-reported smoking tobacco in the past 30 days, 30...
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416870/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-fluoride-supplementation-a-survey-of-pediatric-medical-and-dental-providers-in-the-state-of-hawai-i
#6
Princeton Ly, Donald K Hayes, Vince Yamashiroya, Matthew M Turnure, Louise K Iwaishi
Hawai'i has the lowest rate of community water fluoridation in the nation, which has contributed to poor oral health for children statewide. When properly prescribed, the benefits of fluoride supplementation for oral health outweigh any potential side effects to the body. Official recommendations give pediatric healthcare providers the authority to prescribe fluoride supplements and guide parents in daily usage. However, knowledge of actual practice and adherence for both providers and patients have never been examined in Hawai'i...
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324005/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-the-effects-of-vancomycin-use-and-de-escalation-in-patients-hospitalized-with-pneumonia
#7
Aryn S You, Bryce T Fukunaga, Alexandra L Hanlon, Alicia J Lozano, Roy A Goo
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes about 80,000 severe infections each year. Compared to Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), MRSA is associated with higher mortality and increased hospital length of stay (LOS). Vancomycin hydrochloride, an antibiotic with activity against MRSA is often used as empiric therapy for pneumonia. However, current pneumonia treatment guidelines recommend against the routine use of MRSA coverage since MRSA prevalence rates are low. In this retrospective, observational study, 38...
October 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324004/medical-school-hotline-the-department-of-medical-technology-at-the-john-a-burns-school-of-medicine-university-of-hawai-i-at-manoa
#8
Dick Y Teshima, Ray Yamaguchi, Satoru Izutsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324003/physical-activity-nutrition-and-obesity-among-pacific-islander-youth-and-young-adults-in-southern-california-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sora P Tanjasiri, Lenny D Wiersma, Karen L Moy, Archana McEligot
This exploratory study aimed to assess obesity, physical activity, and nutrition among Pacific Islander youth and young adults in Southern California. A total of 129 Tongan, Samoan, and Marshallese participated in the study, including relatively similar proportions of males and females and age groups. We calculated Body Mass Index (BMI), dietary intake by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and 7-day physical activity levels with accelerometers. Overall, 84% of Tongan, 76% of Samoan, and 24% of Marshallese participants were overweight or obese, with mean BMI of 31...
October 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324002/assessing-the-accuracy-of-physician-self-disclosed-pid-reporting-a-comparison-of-data-from-a-physician-survey-and-actual-pid-case-reports-from-a-state-surveillance-system
#10
Misty Y Pacheco, Alan R Katz
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a state-mandated notifiable disease in Hawai'i. A survey assessing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) reporting to the Hawai'i Department of Health (HDOH) PID surveillance system, was administered to physicians in Hawai'i in April 2012. To measure the accuracy of self-disclosed PID reporting, data from the survey were compared to HDOH PID surveillance system case reports. Concordance between the two data sources was assessed using Cohen's kappa statistic. We first linked data by physician name...
October 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324001/adult-onset-henoch-schonlein-purpura-associated-with-a-metastatic-malignancy-of-unknown-primary-origin
#11
Therese Posas-Mendoza, Dayna Lucuab-Fegurgur, Jefferson Roberts
The cause of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, or IgA vasculitis, is largely unknown. It has been associated with infections, other rheumatologic triggers, and adverse drug reactions. Rarely, adult Henoch-Schonlein purpura is also associated with solid-tumor malignancies. We present the case of a 66 year-old woman who presented with Henoch-Schonlein purpura associated with a metastatic malignancy of unknown primary origin. We recommend that adult patients presenting with Henoch-Schonlein purpura, especially those with no identifiable trigger, receive age-appropriate work-up for potential malignancy...
October 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221079/insights-in-public-health-an-island-wide-community-food-assessment-in-lana-i-hawai-i-a-high-school-student-centered-project
#12
Karen de Brum
Lana'i is a geographically isolated Hawaiian island of approximately 3,100 residents. During the 2017-2018 school year, 22 Lana'i High and Elementary School juniors and seniors engaged with community members, kupuna (elders, those who stand at the source), stakeholders, and expert consultants to conduct an island-wide Community Food Assessment (CFA). A CFA can provide a community comprehensive information about their food systems. Particular attention was given to indigenous, Native Hawaiian food culture and needs...
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221078/medical-school-hotline-the-many-ways-physicians-care-for-patients
#13
Karen Thompson, Satoru Izutsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221077/are-rapid-influenza-antigen-tests-still-clinically-useful-in-today-s-molecular-diagnostics-world
#14
Valentina K Trombetta, Yvonne L Chan, Matthew J Bankowski
Influenza virus infection and disease historically contribute to widespread cases of seasonal morbidity and in some cases mortality. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is crucial for optimal patient management. Rapid influenza direct antigen testing (RIDT) offers a faster turn-around-time for results but test performance (ie, sensitivity and specificity) varies widely. Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) can offer a viable alternative. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the test performance of RIDT with NAAT...
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221076/assessment-education-and-access-kona-hawai-i-wic-oral-health-pilot-project
#15
Deborah Mattheus, Maureen Shannon
The Kona WIC oral health pilot project was developed to assess the oral health beliefs and behaviors of parents of children and pregnant women at the Kona WIC site and to demonstrate the ease of providing oral health education to families in order to improve oral health behaviors. Data were collected from 50 families about the oral health behaviors and dental care of a total of 73 children, including 5 pregnant women, four of whom had a child enrolled in WIC and one pregnant woman without any previous children...
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221075/the-epidemiology-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-in-american-samoa
#16
Graham T Fedorak, Amy K Brough, Robin H Miyamoto, Ellen M Raney
The Maori of New Zealand have been identified as a high-risk population for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). This study assessed whether the burden of disease from SCFE in the American Territory of American Samoa is similar to that identified in the Maori. This was a retrospective review of children from American Samoa treated for SCFE at a tertiary care pediatric hospital between 2005-2014. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic information was collected. All patients were followed for at least one year after surgery and prophylactically pinned hips were not included...
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083433/insights-in-public-health-the-help-your-keiki-website-increasing-youth-and-caregiver-awareness-of-youth-psychosocial-mental-health-treatment
#17
Kelsie H Okamura, Trina E Orimoto, Albert C Mah, Lesley A Slavin, Susan Rocco, Scott K Shimabukuro, M Stanton Michels, Brad J Nakamura
Increasing evidence-based practice (EBP) use in community mental health is a national priority, especially given that one in five youth will suffer from mental health concerns before adulthood. Implementation science offers a unique lens for understanding EBP use that identifies barriers and facilitators of successful adoption. Consumer engagement is often overlooked as an EBP implementation strategy. In this article, we describe the State of Hawai'i Child and Adolescent Mental Health Division's innovative effort to target consumer EBP demand via the Help Your Keiki Website...
August 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083432/medical-school-hotline-annual-report-for-the-john-a-burns-school-of-medicine-fiscal-year-2018
#18
Jerris R Hedges, Satoru Izutsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083431/comparing-birth-outcomes-in-hawai-i-between-us-and-foreign-born-women
#19
Sunja Kim, Seemoon Choi, Jane J Chung-Do, Victoria Y Fan
The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between maternal nativity status and preterm birth (PTB) or low birth weight (LBW) for Hawai'i resident mothers, to compare these relationships across different maternal race/ethnicity groups, and to identify other potential risk and protective factors related to PTB and LBW. Using the 2004 Natality Birth Data from the National Vital Statistic System of the National Center for Health Statistics, crude and adjusted odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression to determine maternal racial/ethnic-specific nativity effects on PTB and LBW...
August 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083430/risk-and-protective-factors-of-alcohol-use-identified-by-community-providers-and-stakeholders-in-hawai-i-qualitative-data-analysis
#20
Codie M Garza, Claudio R Nigg, Minami Konishi, Ji-Young An, Allison F Wagner, Danilyn K Goya
The purpose of this study was to identify community providers' perspectives on risk and protective factors for youth alcohol use in Hawai'i to inform future trainings of providers. A total of 104 providers within communities and prevention organizations in Hawai'i were asked to list risk and protective factors for underage drinking in each of the socioecological levels (individual, family, community, and society). The majority of participants were female (66.3%). Overall, 507 risk and protective factors were listed...
August 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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