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Aquatic Biosystems

Bilassé Zongo, Joseph I Boussim
BACKGROUND: In freshwater systems, microalgae are the major biomass of microorganisms. They occur in ecosystems that are largely structured by the climatic regime, the physical and chemical environments with which they interact, and the biological interactions that occur within them. Amphibian larvae are most present in standing water habitats where they are important primary and secondary consumers and even predators. Studies conducted in America and Europe have shown that tadpoles play an important role in the regulation of the algal community structure and water quality in ecosystems...
2015: Aquatic Biosystems
Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho Neta, Débora Batista Pinheiro Sousa, Zafira da Silva de Almeida, Débora Martins Silva Santos, Ligia Tchaicka
BACKGROUND: Histopathological lesions and biometric variations in catfish species are statistically associated with chemical contaminant exposure. A histopathological and biometric database for the catfish Sciades herzbergii and Bagre bagre from São Luís Island (Port Area) and Caranguejos Island (Reference Area) is presented. Branchial and hepatic lesions were classified into three reaction patterns: 1) circulatory or inflammatory disturbances; 2) regressive changes; 3) progressive changes...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
M Belal Hossain, David J Marshall
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that increasing ocean acidification (OA) should have strong direct and indirect influences on marine invertebrates. While most theory and application for OA is based on relatively physically-stable oceanic ecological systems, less is known about the effects of acidification on nearshore and estuarine systems. Here, we investigated the structuring of a benthic infaunal community in a tropical estuarine system, along a steep salinity and pH gradient, arising largely from acid-sulphate groundwater inflows (Sungai Brunei Estuary, Borneo, July 2011- June 2012)...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Henk Bolhuis, Henriette Schluepmann, Juri Kristalijn, Zohrah Sulaiman, David J Marshall
BACKGROUND: The Brunei River and Bay estuarine system (BES) in the northwest of Borneo is acidic and highly turbid. The system supports extensive intertidal mudflats and presents a potentially steep salinity and pH gradient along its length (45 km). Temporal variation in physical parameters is observed diurnally due to seawater flux during tidal forcing, and stochastically due to elevated freshwater inflow after rains, resulting in a salinity range between 0 and 34 psu. High velocity freshwater run-off from acid sulphate formations during monsoon seasons results in highly variable and acidic conditions (pH 4) at the upper reaches of the BES, whereas the pH is relatively stable (pH 8) at the seaward extremes, due to mixing with seawater from the South China Sea...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Mahbobeh Zamani Babgohari, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Ali Niazi
BACKGROUND: High affinity potassium transporters (HKTs) are located in the plasma membrane of the vessels and have significant influence on salt tolerance in some plants. They exclude Na(+) from the parenchyma cells to reduce Na(+) concentration. Despite many studies, the underlying regulatory mechanisms and the exact functions of HKTs within different genomic backgrounds are relatively unknown. In this study, various bioinformatics techniques, including promoter analysis, identification of HKT-surrounding genes, and construction of gene networks, were applied to investigate the HKT regulatory mechanism...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Helen Bailey, Kate L Brookes, Paul M Thompson
Offshore wind power provides a valuable source of renewable energy that can help reduce carbon emissions. Technological advances are allowing higher capacity turbines to be installed and in deeper water, but there is still much that is unknown about the effects on the environment. Here we describe the lessons learned based on the recent literature and our experience with assessing impacts of offshore wind developments on marine mammals and seabirds, and make recommendations for future monitoring and assessment as interest in offshore wind energy grows around the world...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Preeti Jain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Subrata Pal
BACKGROUND: A geothermal ecosystem located at Tantloi, India has been found to be an interesting habitat for microbes of diverse nature. However, the microbial diversity of this habitat is poorly explored. In this study, a detailed phylogenetic study has been carried out to understand the bacterial diversity of this habitat and to identify prospective metal reducers using culture independent approach. The bacterial diversity of the sediments, which contain undetectable levels of Cr(VI), was analysed with respect to chromium reduction and the strains highly resistant to and efficiently reducing chromium under aerobic conditions were isolated and characterized...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Maíra Duarte Cardoso, Jailson Fulgencio de Moura, Davi C Tavares, Rodrigo A Gonçalves, Fernanda I Colabuono, Emily M Roges, Roberta Laine de Souza, Dalia Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Rosalinda C Montone, Salvatore Siciliano
INTRODUCTION: Seabirds have been historically used to monitor environmental contamination. The aim of the present study was to test the suitability of a species belonging to the Procellariiformes group, the Manx shearwater, Puffinus puffinus, as a sentinel of environmental health, by determining contaminant levels (trace metals and organochlorine compounds) from carcass tissues and by isolating Vibrio spp. and Aeromonas spp. from live specimens. To this end, 35 Puffinus puffinus carcasses wrecked on the north-central coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and two carcasses recovered in Aracruz, on the coast of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, were sampled, and fragments of muscle and hepatic tissues were collected for contaminant analyses...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Pearse McCarron, Alan C Logan, Sabrina D Giddings, Michael A Quilliam
Over the last decade the amino acid beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has come under intense scrutiny. International laboratory and epidemiological research continues to support the hypothesis that environmental exposure to BMAA (e.g., through dietary practices, water supply) can promote the risk of various neurodegenerative diseases. A wide variety of cyanobacteria spp. have previously been reported to produce BMAA, with production levels dependent upon species, strain and environmental conditions. Since spirulina (Arthrospira spp...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
David Parlevliet, Navid Reza Moheimani
The Earth receives around 1000 W.m(-2) of power from the Sun and only a fraction of this light energy is able to be converted to biomass (chemical energy) via the process of photosynthesis. Out of all photosynthetic organisms, microalgae, due to their fast growth rates and their ability to grow on non-arable land using saline water, have been identified as potential source of raw material for chemical energy production. Electrical energy can also be produced from this same solar resource via the use of photovoltaic modules...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Stephanie N Hughes, Sasha Tozzi, Linden Harris, Shawn Harmsen, Colleen Young, Jon Rask, Sharon Toy-Choutka, Kit Clark, Marilyn Cruickshank, Hamilton Fennie, Julie Kuo, Jonathan D Trent
BACKGROUND: OMEGA is an integrated aquatic system to produce biofuels, treat and recycle wastewater, capture CO2, and expand aquaculture production. This system includes floating photobioreactors (PBRs) that will cover hundreds of hectares in marine bays. To assess the interactions of marine mammals and birds with PBRs, 9 × 1.3 m flat panel and 9.5 × 0.2 m tubular PBRs were deployed in a harbor and monitored day and night from October 10, 2011 to Janurary 22, 2012 using infrared video...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Aleksandra Bukowska, Aleksandra Bielczyńska, Anna Karnkowska, Ryszard J Chróst, Iwona Jasser
BACKGROUND: The microscopic Utermöhl method is commonly used for the recognition of the presence and taxonomic composition of potentially toxic cyanobacteria and is especially useful for monitoring reservoirs used as drinking water, recreation and fishery resources. However, this method is time-consuming and does not allow potentially toxic and nontoxic cyanobacterial strains to be distinguished. We have developed a method based on denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the marker gene ITS and the mcy-gene cluster, and DNA sequencing...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Edward J Phlips, Shiladitya Dassarma
The Aquatic Biosystems editorial team would like to thank the following colleagues who contributed to peer review for the journal in 2013.
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Zheng Liu, Fan Zhang, Feng Chen
BACKGROUND: Microalgae are diverse in terms of their speciation and function. More than 35,000 algal strains have been described, and thousands of algal cultures are maintained in different culture collection centers. The ability of CO2 uptake by microalgae varies dramatically among algal species. It becomes challenging to select suitable algal candidates that can proliferate under high CO2 concentration from a large collection of algal cultures. RESULTS: Here, we described a high throughput screening method to rapidly identify high CO2 affinity microalgae...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Fulvio Cerfolli, Bruno Bellisario, Corrado Battisti
BACKGROUND: Despite the plethora of approaches, the sensitivity of the methods to measure the relationship between the abundance and biomass curves in stressed detritus-based ecosystems still remain to be refined. In this work, we report the comparison between biomass and abundance in a set of detritus-based macrozoobenthic assemblages located in six sampling pools with different salinity in an artificial aquatic ecosystem (disused Tarquinia Saltworks), using two diversity/dominance approaches (Abundance/Biomass Comparisons, or ABC, and Whittaker plots)...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Emmanuelle Apper-Bossard, Aurélien Feneuil, Anne Wagner, Frédérique Respondek
In aquaculture, when alternative protein sources of Fish Meal (FM) in diets are investigated, Plant Proteins (PP) can be used. Among them, Vital Wheat Gluten (VWG) is a proteinaceous material obtained from wheat after starch extraction. "It is mainly composed of two types of proteins, gliadins and glutenins, which confer specific visco-elasticity that's to say ability to form a network providing suitable binding. This will lead to specific technological properties that are notably relevant to extruded feeds"...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Bruno Bellisario, Claudio Carere, Fulvio Cerfolli, Dario Angeletti, Giuseppe Nascetti, Roberta Cimmaruta
BACKGROUND: Understanding the responses of ecological communities to human-induced perturbations is crucial for establishing conservation goals. Ecological communities are dynamic entities undergoing fluctuations due to their intrinsic characteristics as well as anthropogenic pressures varying over time. In this respect, long-term studies, based on large spatial and temporal datasets, may provide useful information in understanding patterns and processes influencing the communities' structure...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Lilia Montoya, Carlotta Vizioli, Nuria Rodríguez, María José Rastoll, Ricardo Amils, Irma Marin
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the seasonal microbial diversity variations of an athalassohaline environment with a high concentration of sulfates in Tirez lagoon (La Mancha, Spain). Despite the interest in these types of environments there is scarce information about their microbial ecology, especially on their anoxic sediments. RESULTS: We report the seasonal microbial diversity of the water column and the sediments of a highly sulfated lagoon using both molecular and conventional microbiological methods...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Olga Babanazarova, Sergey Sidelev, Svetlana Schischeleva
BACKGROUND: The permanent dominance of Planktothrix-like сyanobacteria has been often reported for shallow eutrophic\hypertrophic lakes in central Europe in summer\autumn. However studies on phytoplankton growth under ice cover in nutrient-rich lakes are very scarce. Lake Nero provides a good example of the contrasting seasonal extremes in environmental conditions. Moreover, the ecosystem underwent a catastrophic transition from eutrophic to hypertrophic 2003-05, with dominance of filamentous cyanobacteria in summer\autumn...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
Lorelei Bozo-Hurtado, M Alexandra García-Amado, Andrei Chistoserdov, Ramon Varela, J Jesus Narvaez, Rita Colwell, Paula Suárez
BACKGROUND: The Cariaco Basin is characterized by pronounced and predictable vertical layering of microbial communities dominated by reduced sulfur species at and below the redox transition zone. Marine water samples were collected in May, 2005 and 2006, at the sampling stations A (10°30' N, 64°40' W), B (10°40' N, 64°45' W) and D (10°43'N, 64°32'W) from different depths, including surface, redox interface, and anoxic zones. In order to enrich for sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), water samples were inoculated into anaerobic media amended with lactate or acetate as carbon source...
2013: Aquatic Biosystems
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