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Journal of Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423189/early-neonatal-mortality-in-twin-pregnancy-findings-from-60-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard Sobel, Ana Pilar Betran, Marleen Temmerman
Background: Around the world, the incidence of multiple pregnancies reaches its peak in the Central African countries and often represents an increased risk of death for women and children because of higher rates of obstetrical complications and poor management skills in those countries. We sought to assess the association between twins and early neonatal mortality compared with singleton pregnancies. We also assessed the role of skilled birth attendant and mode of delivery on early neonatal mortality in twin pregnancies...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423188/availability-of-brands-of-six-essential-medicines-in-124-pharmacies-in-maharashtra
#2
Colin Millard, Abhay B Kadam, Rushikesh Mahajan, Allyson M Pollock, Petra Brhlikova
Background: The aim of this study is to assess the availability and rational use of six essential medicines in private retail outlets in Maharashtra state. The study focuses on the range of brands for each medicine, and the availability of these brands in the pharmacies. The medicines were chosen because they are included in the World Health Organization's (WHO) essential medicines list (EML), the Indian national and Maharashtra state medicines list, and are all included in existing Indian public health initiatives and national disease control programmes...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391945/a-public-health-approach-to-pediatric-hearing-impairment-in-the-pacific-islands
#3
REVIEW
Annette Kaspar, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391944/transitioning-financial-responsibility-for-health-programs-from-external-donors-to-developing-countries-key-issues-and-recommendations-for-policy-and-research
#4
REVIEW
Stephen Resch, Robert Hecht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423187/prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-china-in-1990-and-2010
#5
Kit Yee Chan, Xue Li, Wanjing Chen, Peige Song, Nuen Wing Katy Wong, Adrienne N Poon, Weiyan Jian, Ireneous N Soyiri, Simon Cousens, Davies Adeloye, Aziz Sheikh, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is set to become the third most frequent cause of death and also the third largest cause of global morbidity by 2020. In China, where the population is aging rapidly, COPD has become one of the leading causes of disability and a large economic burden. An epidemiological assessment of the COPD in China is required, with a focus on the number of cases living with disease, main determinants of the disease and time trends. Methods: We systematically searched large Chinese bibliographic databases and English databases to identify spirometry-based epidemiological studies of the prevalence of COPD in China diagnosed according to GOLD criteria...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423186/assessment-of-health-facility-capacity-to-provide-newborn-care-in-bangladesh-haiti-malawi-senegal-and-tanzania
#6
Rebecca Winter, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Wenjuan Wang, Lindsay Mallick
Background: Despite the importance of health facility capacity to provide comprehensive care, the most widely used indicators for global monitoring of maternal and child health remain contact measures which assess women's use of services only and not the capacity of health facilities to provide those services; there is a gap in monitoring health facilities' capacity to provide newborn care services in low and middle income countries. Methods: In this study we demonstrate a measurable framework for assessing health facility capacity to provide newborn care using open access, nationally-representative Service Provision Assessment (SPA) data from the Demographic Health Surveys Program...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423185/does-health-facility-service-environment-matter-for-the-receipt-of-essential-newborn-care-linking-health-facility-and-household-survey-data-in-malawi
#7
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Vrinda Mehra, Agbessi Amouzou, Shane M Khan, Lara Vaz, Tanya Guenther, Maggie Kalino, Nabila Zaka
Background: Health facility service environment is an important factor for newborns survival and well-being in general and in particular in high mortality settings such as Malawi where despite high coverage of essential interventions, neonatal mortality remains high. The aim of this study is to assess whether the quality of the health service environment at birth is associated with quality of care received by the newborn. Methods: We used data from the Malawi Millennium Development Goals Endline household survey conducted as part of MICS survey program and Service Provision Assessment Survey carried out in 2014...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423184/postnatal-care-for-newborns-in-bangladesh-the-importance-of-health-related-factors-and-location
#8
Kavita Singh, Paul Brodish, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Taposh Kumar Biswas, Eunsoo Timothy Kim, Christine Godwin, Allisyn Moran
Background: Bangladesh achieved Millennium Development Goal 4, a two thirds reduction in under-five mortality from 1990 to 2015. However neonatal mortality remains high, and neonatal deaths now account for 62% of under-five deaths in Bangladesh. The objective of this paper is to understand which newborns in Bangladesh are receiving postnatal care (PNC), a set of interventions with the potential to reduce neonatal mortality. Methods: Using data from the Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Survey (BMMS) 2010 we conducted logistic regression analysis to understand what socio-economic and health-related factors were associated with early postnatal care (PNC) by day 2 and PNC by day 7...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423183/does-postnatal-care-have-a-role-in-improving-newborn-feeding-a-study-in-15-sub-saharan-african-countries
#9
Shane M Khan, Ilene S Speizer, Kavita Singh, Gustavo Angeles, Nana Ay Twum-Danso, Pierre Barker
Background: Breastfeeding is known as a key intervention to improve newborn health and survival while prelacteal feeds (liquids other than breastmilk within 3 days of birth) represents a departure from optimal feeding practices. Recent programmatic guidelines from the WHO and UNICEF outline the need to improve newborn feeding and points to postnatal care (PNC) as a potential mechanism to do so. This study examines if PNC and type of PNC provider are associated with key newborn feeding practices: breastfeeding within 1 day and prelacteal feeds...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423182/the-importance-of-skin-to-skin-contact-for-early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-nigeria-and-bangladesh
#10
Kavita Singh, Shane M Khan, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Paul Brodish, Agbessi Amouzou, Allisyn Moran
Background: Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mother and newborn offers numerous protective effects, however it is an intervention that has been under-utilized. Our objectives are to understand which newborns in Bangladesh and Nigeria receive SSC and whether SSC is associated with the early initiation of breastfeeding. Methods: Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data were used to study the characteristics of newborns receiving SSC for non-facility births in Nigeria (DHS 2013) and for both facility and non-facility births in Bangladesh (DHS 2014)...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423181/skilled-attendant-at-birth-and-newborn-survival-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Agbessi Amouzou, Meng Ziqi, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, John Quinley
Background: Recent studies have shown higher neonatal mortality among births delivered by a skilled attendant at birth (SAB) compared to those who were not in sub-Saharan African countries. Deaths during the neonatal period are concentrated in the first 7 days of life, with about one third of these deaths occurring during the first day of life. We reassessed the relationship between SAB and neonatal mortality by distinguishing deaths on the first day of life from those on days 2-27. Methods: We used data on births in the past five years from recent demographic and health survey (DHS) between 2010 and 2014 in 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423180/evidence-from-household-surveys-for-measuring-coverage-of-newborn-care-practices
#12
Deborah Sitrin, Jamie Perin, Lara Me Vaz, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Shane M Khan, Joy Fishel, Agbessi Amouzou
Background: Aside from breastfeeding, there are little data on use of essential newborn care practices, such as thermal protection and hygienic cord care, in high mortality countries. These practices have not typically been measured in national household surveys, often the main source for coverage data in these settings. The Every Newborn Action Plan proposed early breastfeeding as a tracer for essential newborn care due to data availability and evidence for the benefits of breastfeeding...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423179/measuring-postnatal-care-contacts-for-mothers-and-newborns-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-mics-and-dhs-surveys
#13
Agbessi Amouzou, Vrinda Mehra, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Shane M Khan, Deborah Sitrin, Lara Me Vaz
Background: The postnatal period represents a vulnerable phase for mothers and newborns where both face increased risk of morbidity and death. WHO recommends postnatal care (PNC) for mothers and newborns to include a first contact within 24 hours following the birth of the child. However, measuring coverage of PNC in household surveys has been variable over time. The two largest household survey programs in low and middle-income countries, the UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and USAID-funded Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), now include modules that capture these measures...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423178/gap-between-contact-and-content-in-maternal-and-newborn-care-an-analysis-of-data-from-20-countries-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Vrinda Mehra, Meng Ziqi, Nabila Zaka, Holly Newby
Background: Over the last decade, coverage of maternal and newborn health indicators used for global monitoring and reporting have increased substantially but reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality have remained slow. This has led to an increased recognition and concern that these standard globally agreed upon measures of antenatal care (ANC), skilled birth attendance (SBA) and postnatal care (PNC) only capture the level of contacts with the health system and provide little indication of actual content of services received by mothers and their newborns...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423177/immunization-practices-in-low-birth-weight-infants-from-rural-haryana-india-findings-from-secondary-data-analysis
#15
Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Bireshwar Sinha, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl, Nita Bhandari, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) infants constitute a vulnerable subset of infants with impaired immunity in early life. In India, there is scarcity of studies that focus on immunization practices in such infants. This analysis aimed to examine immunization practices in LBW infants with the intention to identify areas requiring intervention. Methods: Data on immunization status of LBW infants enrolled in an individually randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial of neonatal vitamin A supplementation were analysed...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423176/measuring-coverage-of-essential-maternal-and-newborn-care-interventions-an-unfinished-agenda-to-define-the-data-matrix-for-action-in-maternal-and-newborn-health
#16
REVIEW
Allisyn Moran, Tanya Marchant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423175/measuring-coverage-of-essential-maternal-and-newborn-care-interventions-an-unfinished-agenda
#17
EDITORIAL
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Lara Me Vaz, Kavita Singh, Deborah Sitrin, Allisyn C Moran, Shane M Khan, Agbessi Amouzou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423174/chronic-pain-in-refugee-torture-survivors
#18
REVIEW
Gunisha Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302327/uptake-and-predictors-of-early-postnatal-follow-up-care-amongst-mother-baby-pairs-in-south-africa-results-from-three-population-based-surveys-2010-2013
#19
Anna Larsen, Mireille Cheyip, Getahun Aynalem, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Nobubelo Ngandu, Witness Chirinda, Mary Mogashoa, Gupreet Kindra, Carl Lombard, Ameena Goga
Background: Achieving World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for postnatal care (PNC) within the first few weeks of life is vital to eliminating early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) and improving infant health. Almost half of the annual global deaths among children under five occur during the first six weeks of life. This study aims to identify uptake of three PNC visits within the first six weeks of life as recommended by WHO among South African mother-infant pairs, and factors associated with uptake...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302326/developmental-assistance-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-2007-2014-annual-trends-and-allocation-by-sector-project-type-donors-and-recipients
#20
Jasmine Turner, Hugo Pigott, Mark Tomlinson, Mark Jd Jordans
Background: Globally, mental disorders are the leading cause of disability among children and adolescents. To date, there has been no estimate of developmental assistance supporting mental health projects that target children and adolescents (DAMH-CA). This study aimed to identify, describe and analyse DAMH-CA with respect to annual trends (2007-2014), sector, project type, recipient regions, and top donor and recipient countries, and estimate annual DAMH-CA per child/adolescent by region...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
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