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Journal of Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909582/ebola-research-funding-a-systematic-analysis-1997-2015
#1
Joseph Ra Fitchett, Amos Lichtman, Damilola T Soyode, Ariel Low, Jimena Villar de Onis, Michael G Head, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: The latest outbreak of Ebola in West Africa overwhelmed the affected countries, with the impact on health extending far beyond Ebola-related deaths that have exceeded 11 000. The need to promptly mobilise resources to control emerging infections is widely recognized. Yet, data on research funding for emerging infections remains inadequately documented. METHODS: We defined research investment as all funding flows for Ebola and/or Marburg virus from 1997 to April 2015 whose primary purpose was to advance knowledge and new technologies to prevent or cure disease...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909581/expansion-of-health-insurance-in-moldova-and-associated-improvements-in-access-and-reductions-in-direct-payments
#2
Thomas Hone, Jarno Habicht, Silviu Domente, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: Moldova is the poorest country in Europe. Economic constraints mean that Moldova faces challenges in protecting individuals from excessive costs, improving population health and securing health system sustainability. The Moldovan government has introduced a state benefit package and expanded health insurance coverage to reduce the burden of health care costs for citizens. This study examines the effects of expanded health insurance by examining factors associated with health insurance coverage, likelihood of incurring out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for medicines or services, and the likelihood of forgoing health care when unwell...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909580/burden-of-neisseria-meningitidis-infections-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Yaowen Zhang, Dong Wei, Xinzhen Guo, Mai Han, Lichao Yuan, Moe H Kyaw
BACKGROUND: Neisseria meningitidis is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and septicemia in children and young adults worldwide. The disease burden associated with N. meningitidis infections has not been systematically assessed in China. Therefore, we undertook this study to determine the burden of meningococcal disease in China. METHOD: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of articles on N. meningitidis incidence, carriage, seroprevalence and mortality rates in China by searching the Chinese BioMedical Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database and PubMed for publications from January 2005 to Aug 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909579/aligning-values-and-outcomes-in-priority-setting-for-health
#4
REVIEW
Gabriel Seidman, Rifat Atun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847588/eughs-news
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699000/caregiver-perceptions-and-utilization-of-oral-rehydration-solution-and-other-treatments-for-diarrhea-among-young-children-in-burkina-faso
#6
Peder Digre, Evan Simpson, Shannon Cali, Belinda Lartey, Melissa Moodley, Ndack Diop
BACKGROUND: More than 500 000 young children die from dehydration caused by severe diarrhea each year, globally. Although routine use of oral rehydration solution (ORS) could prevent almost all of these deaths, ORS utilization remains low in many low-income countries. Previous research has suggested that misperceptions among caregivers may be an obstacle to wider use of ORS. METHODS: To better understand the extent of ORS utilization and the reasons for use or non-use in low-resource settings, the project team conducted a semi-structured, quantitative survey of 400 caregivers in Burkina Faso in 2014...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698999/population-level-effectiveness-of-pmtct-option-a-on-early-mother-to-child-mtct-transmission-of-hiv-in-south-africa-implications-for-eliminating-mtct
#7
Ameena E Goga, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra J Jackson, Carl J Lombard, Adrian Puren, Gayle Sherman, Vundli Ramokolo, Selamawit Woldesenbet, Tanya Doherty, Nobuntu Noveve, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Yagespari Singh, Trisha Ramraj, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Yogan Pillay
BACKGROUND: Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV (EMTCT), defined as ≤50 infant HIV infections per 100 000 live births, is a global priority. Since 2011 policies to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) shifted from maternal antiretroviral (ARV) treatment or prophylaxis contingent on CD4 cell count to lifelong maternal ARV treatment (cART). We sought to measure progress with early (4-8 weeks postpartum) MTCT prevention and elimination, 2011-2013, at national and sub-national levels in South Africa, a high antenatal HIV prevalence setting ( ≈ 29%), where early MTCT was 3...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698998/self-reported-diabetes-education-among-chinese-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-diabetes
#8
Hanzhang Xu, Jianfeng Luo, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: To compare self-reported diabetes education among Chinese middle-aged and older adults with diabetes in three population groups: urban residents, migrants in urban settings, and rural residents. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. The sample included 993 participants age 45 and older who reported having diabetes diagnosed from a health professional. We performed multilevel regressions performed to examine the associations between characteristics and different aspects of diabetes education received...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648258/shifting-chronic-disease-management-from-hospitals-to-primary-care-in-estonian-health-system-analysis-of-national-panel-data
#9
Rifat Atun, Ipek Gurol-Urganci, Thomas Hone, Lisa Pell, Jonathan Stokes, Triin Habicht, Kaija Lukka, Elin Raaper, Jarno Habicht
BACKGROUND: Following independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Estonia introduced a national insurance system, consolidated the number of health care providers, and introduced family medicine centred primary health care (PHC) to strengthen the health system. METHODS: Using routinely collected health billing records for 2005-2012, we examine health system utilisation for seven ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) (asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], depression, Type 2 diabetes, heart failure, hypertension, and ischemic heart disease [IHD]), and by patient characteristics (gender, age, and number of co-morbidities)...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648257/burden-timing-and-causes-of-maternal-and-neonatal-deaths-and-stillbirths-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The AMANHI mortality study aims to use harmonized methods, across eleven sites in eight countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, to estimate the burden, timing and causes of maternal, fetal and neonatal deaths. It will generate data to help advance the science of cause of death (COD) assignment in developing country settings. METHODS: This population-based, cohort study is being conducted in the eleven sites where approximately 2 million women of reproductive age are under surveillance to identify and follow-up pregnancies through to six weeks postpartum...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648256/burden-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-association-with-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-south-asia-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The AMANHI morbidity study aims to quantify and describe severe maternal morbidities and assess their associations with adverse maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes in predominantly rural areas of nine sites in eight South Asian and sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: AMANHI takes advantage of on-going population-based cohort studies covering approximately 2 million women of reproductive age with 1- to 3-monthly pregnancy surveillance to enrol pregnant women...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648255/digital-technology-for-health-sector-governance-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#12
Isaac Holeman, Tara Patricia Cookson, Claudia Pagliari
BACKGROUND: Poor governance impedes the provision of equitable and cost-effective health care in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although systemic problems such as corruption and inefficiency have been characterized as intractable, "good governance" interventions that promote transparency, accountability and public participation have yielded encouraging results. Mobile phones and other Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are beginning to play a role in these interventions, but little is known about their use and effects in the context of LMIC health care...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648254/factors-influencing-physicians-choice-of-workplace-systematic-review-of-drivers-of-attrition-and-policy-interventions-to-address-them
#13
Maria El Koussa, Rifat Atun, Diana Bowser, Margaret E Kruk
OBJECTIVES: The movement of skilled physicians from the public to the private sector is a key constraint to achieving universal health coverage and is currently affecting health systems worldwide. This systematic review aims to assess factors influencing physicians' choice of workplace, and policy interventions for retaining physicians in the public sector. METHODS: Five literature databases were searched. Studies were included in the review if they focused on at least one of the following criteria: (i) incentives or motivators for retaining physicians in the public sector, (ii) pull factors that encouraged physicians to move to the private sector, (iii) push factors that forced physicians to leave the public sector, (iv) policy interventions or case studies that addressed physician retention in the public sector, and (v) qualitative reviews of policy interventions that were implemented in different health system settings...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606061/can-surveys-of-women-accurately-track-indicators-of-maternal-and-newborn-care-a-validity-and-reliability-study-in-kenya
#14
Katharine J McCarthy, Ann K Blanc, Charlotte E Warren, James Kimani, Brian Mdawida, Charity Ndwidga
BACKGROUND: Tracking progress on maternal and newborn survival requires accurate information on the coverage of essential interventions. Despite widespread use, most indicators measuring maternal and newborn intervention coverage have not been validated. This study assessed the ability of women delivering in two Kenyan hospitals to recall critical elements of care received during the intrapartum and immediate postnatal period at two time points: hospital discharge and 13-15 months following delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606060/linking-household-and-facility-data-for-better-coverage-measures-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-care-systematic-review
#15
Mai Do, Angela Micah, Luciana Brondi, Harry Campbell, Tanya Marchant, Thomas Eisele, Melinda Munos
BACKGROUND: Currently many measures of intervention coverage obtained from household surveys do not measure actual health intervention/service delivery, resulting in a need for linking reports of care-seeking with assessments of the service environment in order to improve measurements. This systematic review aims to identify evidence of different methods used to link household surveys and service provision assessments, with a focus on reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health care, in low- and middle-income countries...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606059/predictors-of-diarrheal-mortality-and-patterns-of-caregiver-health-seeking-behavior-in-in-karachi-pakistan
#16
Farah Naz Qamar, Umber Zaman, Farheen Quadri, Asia Khan, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Iqbal Azam, Dilruba Nasrin, Karen Kotloff, Myron Levine, Nick Brown, Anita K M Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Pakistan is unfortunately among the five countries that contributed to the most deaths due to diarrhea and pneumonia in 2010. To explore factors associated with diarrheal deaths we assessed care-seeking behavior and other predictors of diarrhea-related mortality in children in selected low-income peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: A mixed methods study (qualitative and quantitative) using matched case-control design and focus group discussions with parents of children with moderate to severe diarrhea (MSD) was undertaken...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606058/assessment-of-the-impact-of-quality-improvement-interventions-on-the-quality-of-sick-child-care-provided-by-health-extension-workers-in-ethiopia
#17
Nathan P Miller, Agbessi Amouzou, Elizabeth Hazel, Hailemariam Legesse, Tedbabe Degefie, Mengistu Tafesse, Robert E Black, Jennifer Bryce
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has scaled up integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM), including several interventions to improve the performance of Health Extension Workers (HEWs). We assessed associations between interventions to improve iCCM quality of care and the observed quality of care among HEWs. METHODS: We assessed iCCM implementation strength and quality of care provided by HEWs in Ethiopia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess associations between interventions to improve iCCM quality of care and correct management of iCCM illnesses...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606057/developing-the-environmental-and-lifestyle-exposure-assessment-elea-tool-for-cancer-epidemiology-research-in-low-resource-settings
#18
REVIEW
Eleonora Feletto, Joachim Schüz, Freddy Sitas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606056/strengthening-the-evidence-base-for-nutrition-and-cancer-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
REVIEW
Isabelle Romieu, Barrie Margetts, Simón Barquera, Fabio da Silva Gomes, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Ellen Kampman, Michael Leitzmann, Nancy Potischman, Nadia Slimani, Este Vorster, Walter C Willett, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606055/assessing-the-burden-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-among-refugee-children-a-call-to-action
#20
REVIEW
Gabriele Rossi, Vivian Sau Wai Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
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