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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761284/common-peroneal-nerve-palsy-in-maxillofacial-surgery-setting
#1
Sqn Ldr Jimish Desai
Common peroneal nerve palsy in maxillofacial surgery setting is an uncommon and rarely reported complication. A patient who developed common peroneal nerve palsy following reduction and fixation of pan facial fractures under general anesthesia is presented. The patient developed common peroneal nerve palsy on the second postoperative day. He recovered with conservative treatment after 3 months. The authors consider that the nerve palsy was a result of compression of common peroneal nerve related to patient positioning in the perioperative period...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761283/report-of-a-rare-cyst-at-a-rare-site-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cyst-partially-lined-with-dermoid-cyst-epithelium
#2
Anjali Narwal, Anju Devi, Achla Bharti Yadav, Virender Singh, Ambika Gupta
Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts (HGCs) of the oral cavity are rare benign lesions mimicking benign or malignant pathologies. These cysts are usually discovered during infancy but may not appear until well into adulthood. The epithelial lining of these cysts shows variable presentation with the presence of an enteric lining as an essential component. The histogenesis is related to entrapment of undifferentiated, noncommitted endoderm within the oral cavity during the 3(rd) - 4(th) week of fetal life. We report a rare case of oral HGC located at a very rare site, i...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761282/verruciform-xanthoma-of-the-tongue
#3
Sanjay Byakodi, Barun Kumar, Sandeep Patil, Swapnil Shinde
Verruciform xanthoma is a benign, soft tissue lesion occurring on the orogenital mucosa. Presentation of oral lesions can be pink, yellow, or gray raised plaque or papule with granular, papillary, or verrucous in nature. There are many theories proposed for the etiopathogenesis of verruciform xanthoma. Clinical observations may be misguiding as the lesion resembles malignant and premalignant lesions. Histopathological confirmation is essential for diagnosis and avoiding radical surgery. Once excised, the lesion does not recur...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761281/concomitant-hypodontia-and-hyperdontia-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Nitesh Tewari, Ramesh Kumar Pandey, Subash Singh
"Concomitant hypodontia and hyperdontia" is a very rare dental anomaly of number, having a prevalence rate of 0.002%-3.1%. It describes the simultaneous presence of hypodontia or missing teeth and supernumerary teeth in the same individual. It represents the opposite forces of nature acting simultaneously. Two rare cases of this anomaly involving different jaws and a classification based on the literature review have been presented here.
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761280/recurrent-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumor-of-right-maxillary-sinus-involving-the-right-infraorbital-rim
#5
Karthikeyan Maruthamuthu, G Vasupradha, Janardhanam Dineshshankar, Abishek Rajaram Balaji
Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is a benign odontogenic tumor with an aggressive behavior and high recurrence rate. The most common site of predilection is the posterior mandible. In contrast, KCOTs occurring in the maxillary region are relatively rare. However, the maxillary involvement poses a greater and increased threat, due to proximity to vital structures such as maxillary sinus, orbital floor, and infratemporal fossa. This report presents such a case of KCOT involving the maxillary sinus eroding the floor of the orbit and provides an account of the factors that need to be considered during management...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761279/role-of-sclerotherapy-in-management-of-vascular-malformation-in-the-maxillofacial-region-our-experience
#6
Madan Mishra, Gaurav Singh, Amit Gaur, Sapna Tandon, Abhishek Singh
The management of vascular anomalies is an extremely challenging area and is as divergent as the nature of lesions. Traditionally, embolization with the resection of the lesion has been used. The purpose of this report is to present cases treated successfully using sclerosing solution injections alone. Management of the vascular malformation using intralesional injections of sodium tetradecyl sulfate to the lesion is discussed. The procedure was performed two times at 2 weeks interval. Complete resolution of the lesion was found following sclerotherapy...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761278/unilateral-condylar-hyperplasia-a-genetic-link-case-reports
#7
Monika Mahajan
Unilateral condylar hyperplasia is an uncommon condition with unknown etiology which causes overdevelopment of condyle leading to facial asymmetry, mandibular deviation, malocclusion, and articulation dysfunction. Two Indian families with unilateral condylar hyperplasia are presented where the similar abnormality was also detected in one of their parents. The condylar hyperplasia in these two families indicates that mandibular condylar hyperplasia could be genetic in origin.
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761277/bilateral-parotidomegaly-as-an-initial-manifestation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Latha Magatha Sneha, Kaarthikeyani Sankaravadivelu Subbiah, Julius Xavier Scott, Aruna Rajendiran
The more common causes of parotid enlargement in children are infections and inflammatory conditions. Primary neoplasms of the parotid glands are rare in pediatric age group; however, secondary malignancies have been reported in survivors of childhood leukemia. The parotid glands have been the sites of relapses in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia. However, bilateral parotid involvement as an initial presentation of ALL is rarely reported. We present a case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with bilateral parotid enlargement as an initial manifestation of ALL...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761276/efficacy-of-oral-colchicine-with-intralesional-hyaluronidase-or-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-the-grade-ii-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#9
Dipti Daga, R K Singh, U S Pal, Tikaram Gurung, Shilpi Gangwar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder of oral mucosa affecting mainly population in South and Southeast Asia. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of oral colchicine with intralesional injection of hyaluronidase or injection triamcinolone acetonide in patients with Grade II OSMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included thirty patients of clinically diagnosed Grade II OSMF. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: Group A patients were treated by administrating tablet colchicine 0...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761275/efficacy-of-arthrocentesis-versus-arthrocentesis-with-sodium-hyaluronic-acid-in-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-a-comparison
#10
Tikaram Gurung, R K Singh, Shadab Mohammad, U S Pal, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Manoj Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA) is a degenerative disease characterized by deterioration of articular tissue with concomitant osseous changes in the condyle and/or articular eminence, joint positive for TMJ noise with jaw movement or function, crepitus detected on palpation on opening, closing, right/left lateral, or protrusive movement. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a polysaccharide of the family of glycosaminoglycans. HA has been shown to improve and restore normal lubrication in joint, provide nutrition to the avascular articulating disc, and stabilize the joint...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761274/comparative-evaluation-of-bite-force-analytical-study-following-mandibular-osteosysthesis-using-three-dimensional-and-conventional-locking-miniplates
#11
Pallav Kumar Kinra, K Jayakumar, C S Soumithran, Manoj Joseph Michael, Deepak Passi, Mahinder Singh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim is to study the effectiveness of 2 mm three-dimensional (3D) titanium miniplates and 2 mm conventional titanium miniplates in osteosynthesis of mandibular fractures by comparing the change in bite force. METHODOLOGY: The study comprised forty patients of age group 20-40 years, weighing 55-75 kg having mandibular fractures. Patients were randomly divided into two equal groups In Group A, twenty patients underwent osteosynthesis using 3D titanium miniplates (2...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761273/a-comparative-evaluation-of-dental-calcification-stages-and-skeletal-maturity-indicators-in-north-indian-children
#12
Vijayta Yadav, Anju Loomba, Ram Autar
BACKGROUND: Many researchers have reported relationships between the calcification stages of individual teeth and skeletal maturity. A few studies are available in the literature about Indian populations. In view of this fact, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the dental calcification stages and skeletal maturity stages among North-Indian individuals. The objective of this study was to determine whether dental calcification can be used as a first-level diagnostic tool for assessment of skeletal maturity...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761272/efficacy-of-murva-sansevieria-roxburghiana-schult-and-schult-f-as-a-suture-material-in-closure-of-incisions-in-third-molar-surgeries-a-prospective-study
#13
Pravin Lambade, Ashutosh Thorat
INTRODUCTION: Adequate closure of the surgical wound is one of the most important aspects of surgery; improper suturing techniques or improper suturing materials sometimes compromise the success of surgery. Many synthetic materials have replaced the natural materials, which were once used for suturing in the ancient era, and Murva is one of them. There are references of Murva (Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. and Schult.f.) at various contexts of "Sushruta Samhita" where it has been used as a suture material...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761271/a-comparative-clinical-evaluation-of-analgesic-efficacy-of-tapentadol-and-ketorolac-in-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#14
Dixit Shah, Sanket Shah, Amit Mahajan, Navin Shah, Darshan Sanghvi, Rishabh Shah
INTRODUCTION: The surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars is one of the most commonly performed dentoalveolar procedures in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is associated with varying degrees of postoperative discomfort. Pain, trismus, and swelling are the most common postoperative complaints, and these influence a patient's quality of life in the days after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative study of the 32 patients, 16 were allocated to receive ketorolac and 16 patients were allocated to receive tapentadol...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761270/medicinal-plants-and-bone-healing
#15
REVIEW
Vibha Singh
Fracture is defined as complete or incomplete separation in the continuity of bone Fracture healing is a complex physiological process that involves the coordinated participation of hematopoietic and immune cells within bone marrow. It conjunction with vascular and skeletal cell precursors it also includes mesenchymal stem cells which are recruited from the circulation and the surrounding tissues. It is estimated that 80% of the population in developing countries still rely on the traditional herbal medicines...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761269/sushruta-the-father-of-surgery
#16
EDITORIAL
Vibha Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356700/indolent-palatal-swelling-catch-22
#17
Preeti Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, K V Arun Kumar, Arvind Venkatesh, Timsy Thapa
We present an interesting but intriguing case of an indolent palatal swelling. The lesion was asymptomatic causing little discomfort to the patient and thus was an incidental clinical finding. Provisional diagnosis was a benign, minor salivary gland tumor. Clinical differential diagnoses included benign lymphoepithelial lesion or mucus extravasation phenomenon. Nevertheless, we also considered malignancies such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma, lymphoma, and neoplasm of the maxillary sinus. However, the histopathology revealed a rare clinicopathologic entity prompting immediate treatment of the lesion...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356699/a-systematic-noninvasive-approach-for-rehabilitation-of-traumatized-maxillary-incisors
#18
Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Aseem Prakash Tikku, Anil Chandra, Shibha Mehta
Esthetic and functional impairment due to dental trauma is a major concern for patients. The management of such traumatic cases is complex, and it requires a comprehensive knowledge, diagnosis, and treatment planning. It is also important to take into account the patient's desire as well as economical status. The present case report describes a simple, conservative, and noninvasive approach for the rehabilitation of traumatized maxillary incisors.
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356698/inadequate-vertical-bone-dimension-managed-by-indirect-sinus-grafting-technique-and-simultaneous-implant-placement
#19
Shikha Nandal, Pankaj Ghalaut, Deepika Nandal
Implant placement into the posterior maxilla often creates a challenge due to inadequate bone height because of close sinus proximity. This article presents a case report of indirect sinus lift technique involving hydraulic pressure to elevate the floor of the maxillary sinus.
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356697/orofacial-cysticercosis-report-of-a-rare-case-with-review-of-literature
#20
Sharad Chand, Madan Mishra, Gaurav Singh, Abhishek Singh, Sapna Tandon
Cysticercosis is common in developing countries in which the combination of rural society, crowding, and poor sanitation facilities allows greater contact between humans and pigs and thus more opportunities for fecal contamination of food and water occurs. They are rarely located in oral and perioral tissues, particularly in the muscles of mastication, muscle of the facial expression, suprahyoid muscles, and postcervical musculature and also as in the tongue, buccal mucosa, and lip. Cysticercosis is a potentially fatal parasitic disease that rarely found in the maxillofacial region in humans...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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