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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

Tanmay Tiwari, Nidhi Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sonal Priya Bhansali, Anjali Dave Tiwari, Dinesh Kumar Gupta, Sumit Bhansali
Oral myiasis is invasion of the soft tissues of oral cavity by the parasitic larvae of the flies. This condition affects debilitated, mentally challenged individuals. These patients are not physically or mentally endowed to ward off flies or complain about worms burrowing their way into oral wounds. This study describes three cases of orofacial myiasis, removal of the live maggots, supportive treatment, and management of the cases with application of turpentine oil and also highlights oral health care in the patients with special needs...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sumaiya Nezam, Arvind Kumar, Jeevendra Nath Shukla, Shabab Ahmed Khan
A pediatric mandibular fracture can cause a child severe pain and the parent or caregiver extreme worry. While the pattern of fractures in children is similar to adults, however, due to a number of factors, including the anatomical complexity of the developing mandible, management of such fractures differs from that of adults and can greatly challenge the pediatric dentist. Various treatment modalities of managing mandibular fracture are available, such as closed/open cap splint with circummandibular wiring, arch-bar fixation, and cementation of the cap splint...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Aprna Gupta, Surya Narayan Das, Sangram Patro, Subhrajit Raut
Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive common odontogenic tumor of the jaws. Although histopathological and radiological findings have been extensively studied for the diagnosis of ameloblastoma, usefulness of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has not been explored much. Here, we have reported four cases of ameloblastomas diagnosed by FNAC and subsequently confirmed by histopathology.
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Srimathi Panchanathan, Arunkumar Kamalakaran, Karthikeyan Duraisamy, Maya Saranathan
Chondrosarcomas usually invite extensive surgical resection. These are malignant tumors of cartilaginous origin and their involvement in the maxillofacial region is rare. Juxtacortical chondrosarcoma, a distinct malignant cartilage-forming tumor arising from the external surface of a bone, is extremely rare in the mandible. Here, one such case with a relatively good prognosis is presented where marginal resection as a surgical option yielded good result.
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sudhir Ramlal Pawar, Rajesh Ashok Kshirsagar, Pratik Hemantkumar Raut, Amod Pramod Patankar
Although leopards are found worldwide, the incidence of leopard attack on humans is reported most often from India and Nepal. Usually, leopards avoid contact with people, but humans may occasionally be targeted as prey. Animal bite wounds may express as punctures, abrasions, tears, or avulsions. The force and bluntness of the teeth increase the probability of a crush injury with devitalized tissue. The clinical presentation and appropriate treatment of infected bite wounds vary according to extent of the wound...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Saumya Pandey, Sushil Kar, Naresh Kumar Sharma, Arvind Tripathi
Class III mandibular resection due to surgical treatment of jaw tumor produces a discontinuity in the mandible which is severely incapacitating to the patient. It leads to a deviation and rotation of the mandible which depends on the amount of tissues resected the manner of surgical site closure, loss of proprioceptive sense of occlusion, the presence, and condition of teeth, and the time of initiation of prosthodontic therapy. These put together makes the task of prosthodontic rehabilitation quite arduous...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Chetna Kumar, Kamlesh Garg, Parmender Kumar Vaidik, Akanksha Mangal, Priyanka Parmar
Extractions are a common place in orthodontics. The present article discusses a rare case, in which a left maxillary canine along with two lower incisors was extracted. Atypical extractions such as these need to be duly justified and thought over before being carried out. In the case mentioned, all these teeth in question were ectopically erupted. When attempts were made to retract the canine in its right position, it exhibited gingival recession which would only go on increasing further as the distance from the transposed position in between the left central and lateral incisor to the original position was considerably large...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Preeti Chaubey, Rahul Tripathi, Ajay Singh
Maxillary intraoral defects due to surgical resection create an open link between the oral and nasal cavities causing difficulty in deglutition, speech, and an unaesthetic appearance. Prosthetic innervention is required to restore the needs of speech, mastication as well as closing the oroantral communication. This article shows a case report of systematic approach for fabrication of immediate plate just after surgery, followed by interim feeding plate 2 weeks after surgery, and finally definitive one piece hollow bulb obturator 6 months after surgery...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Nyer Firdoose, Umer Hasoon
A number of dressings containing silver have been recently introduced into the wound care market as increased resistance to antibiotics has become a problem in treating infected wounds. A 54-year-old male, with adenoid cystic carcinoma treated by segmental resection and reconstruction of mandible using reconstruction plate with concomitant radiotherapy, resulted in a deep extraoral nonhealing necrotic, exuding, malodorous, and painful wound. Erythema, eczema, and trophic changes were surrounding the skin. Previous treatment was removal of exposed reconstruction plate and primary closure...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Pulkit Khandelwal, Francis Akkara, Vikas Dhupar, Archana Louis
Aneurysms of the facial vasculature due to various accidental, violent, and surgical injuries have been reported since mid-17th century. Approximately 386 pseudoaneurysms of the superficial temporal artery (STA) have been reported in the literature since 1644. Traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the STA is a rare lesion. It manifests as a painless pulsatile mass in the temporal region following trauma. The unusual incidence and confusing presentation require the clinicians to have a thorough knowledge of its presentation and diagnosis...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Gowri Sankar Singaraju, Prasad Mandava, Praveen Chirivella, Sridhar Reddy Kanabaddy
Herewith, a case is reported of an adolescent female patient with maxillary retrognathism due to restricted growth arising out of the previous cheiloplasty and palatoplasty surgeries treated for cleft lip and palate. She also presented an oroantral fistula in the scarred tissues of the palatal region. There was anterior crossbite and distorted occlusion in the anterior segment with crowding and open bite. There is maxillomandibular discrepancy of 6 degreesĀ°. The distraction osteogenesis was performed so as treat the maxillary hypoplasia...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Bhavana Gupta, Amritaksha Bhattacharyya, Anil Singh, Kunal Sah, Vivek Gupta
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare and aggressive variant of oral squamous cell carcinoma with a predilection for the tongue and in other locations, such as floor of the mouth, palate, retromolar trigone, and gingival mucosa. Here, we present a case of BSCC of oropharynx in a 60-year-old male patient.
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ravisankar Nutalapati, Nadeena Jayasuriya
Congenital anomalies of tongue are rare disorders usually associated with syndromes. In present article we describe a case of a non-syndromic adult patient with bifid tongue with salivary hamartoma on the dorsum of the tongue. We described the clinical features, problems faced by the patient and management. As etiology is uncertain we should have proper understanding of embryology.
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Parikshit Sharma, Tushar Deb, Jay Gopal Ray, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Gautam Gupta, Abhishek Das, Shweta Srivastava
Background: Head and neck cancers constitute about 5%-8% of total body cancers in Europe, America, but in India, this figure is somewhat higher. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current burden of oral cancers in India, particularly North-East India. Materials and Methods: A full-length study starting from patient counseling to clinical and histopathological examination and grading was planned. The study was conducted under the guidance of clinician, oral surgeon, oral pathologists, and statistician...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Aseem Prakash Tikku, Anil Chandra, Promila Verma, Rhythm Bains, Harsh Bhoot
Aim: This study aimed for a comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial efficacy of calcium hydroxide, chlorhexidine gel, and a curcumin-based formulation against Enterococcus faecalis . Methods: Thirty single-rooted teeth were taken. Access preparation was done. Biomechanical preparation was done using Protaper universal file till F3. Teeth were decoronated to a standardized root length of 14 mm, and the apical end from outside was sealed using paraffin wax. Teeth were autoclaved under standard conditions and after autoclaving, Phosphate-buffered saline solution was introduced into the roots and was incubated for 24 h to check for the disinfection of roots...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Raja Rupani, Mousami Singh, Vijay Kumar, Raghvendra Singh, Sachil Kumar, Pradeep Yadav
Objectives: The aim of our study is to evaluate the incidence and etiology of maxillofacial fractures in autopsy cases of KGMU, Lucknow. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 444 autopsy cases with maxillofacial injuries, who were brought to the mortuary of KGMU, Lucknow, for postmortem in the last year. Parameters such as gender, age, cause, type, and site of injury are evaluated. Result: The results of this study show that road traffic accidents are the main reason for maxillofacial injuries in the deceased, followed by railway accidents...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shilpi Gangwar, U S Pal, Sunita Singh, R K Singh, Vibha Singh, Lakshya Kumar
Introduction: The placement of implants into fresh extraction sockets was introduced in 1970. This approach has been reviewed extensively during the past decade. Immediate postextraction implant placement is a well-accepted protocol. The concept of placement of dental implants soon after the removal of a tooth in smokers, however, is still a matter of controversy. Purpose: (i) To access failure rate of dental implant in smokers (ii) To evaluate added advantage of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGFs) in immediate placement of dental implants in smokers...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Parmod Kumar, Govind Menon, Vidya Rattan
Introduction: Various methods have been described for intermaxillary fixation (IMF) for treatment of faciomaxillary injuries. Many studies have been described to evaluate the efficacy of different methods. Hanger plate method has not been commonly used. The aim of the present study was to compare the advantages and disadvantages of this method over Erich arch bar in mandibular fracture. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients of only mandibular fracture presenting to trauma center requiring open reduction and internal fixation under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to Group A and Group B comprising thirty patients in each...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Abhaya Gupta, Vivek Govila, Vandana A Pant, Rajiv Gupta, Umesh P Verma, Hafsa Ahmad, Sumedha Mohan
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of local drug delivery system of zoledronate (ZLN) gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) for the treatment of human periodontal intrabony defects clinically and radiographically. Materials and Methods: Forty intrabony defects (three walled and combined defects without involving furcation) in moderate to severely affected forty chronic periodontitis patients (range, 30-50 years) were randomly divided into two groups and treated either with 0...
January 2018: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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