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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386824/modified-orthopedic-wire-twister-for-fixing-and-removing-screws-in-craniomaxillofacial-osteosynthesis
#1
Suresh Kumar Ganesan, Balaji Shanmugam Thandapani, Nithin Joseph Jude, Saravanan Rajendiran, Suraj John Thomas
Internal fixation is the routinely performed surgical procedure in craniomaxillofacial surgery. At present, available kit for internal fixation includes large number of armamentarium. To overcome and reduce this, we have modified orthopedic wire twister for fixing and removing screws. This single device can replace self-holding screwdrivers with different sizes.
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386823/congenital-cyst-of-the-orbit-a-case-report
#2
Richa Gupta, Rajesh B Dhirawani
Dermoid cyst is an example of choristoma (i.e., tumors that originate from aberrant primordial tissue which result in normal appearing tissue in an abnormal location). This particular type of cyst is formed at the site where 2 suture lines of the skull close during embryonic development, and during this time, dermal or epidermal elements are pinched off which later convert to form cysts. Approximately, 50% of these tumors that involve the head are found in or adjacent to the orbit. This article presents a similar case of the orbital dermoid cyst with its management and also a review on other varieties of dermoid cysts of the head and neck region...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386822/osteitis-fibrosa-cystica-of-mandible-in-hyperparathyroidism-jaw-tumor-syndrome-a-rare-presentation-and-review-of-literature
#3
Anupama Singh Satpathy, Arjun Dasgupta, Chirajit Dutta, N V K Mohan, Shouvanik Satpathy
Brown's tumor, also referred as osteitis fibrosa cystica is a rare nonneoplastic diagnostically challenging consequence of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) which occurs due to increased parathormone secretions in blood, causing excessive calcium resorption from kidneys, bone resorption, and phosphaturia. Brown's tumor is a misnomer, presenting as cystic expansile lesions in bone, often misdiagnosed as neoplastic lesion or granuloma or abscess in bones. It can affect long bones, clavicle, ribs, and pelvis. According to literature, skeletal manifestations of Brown tumor is relatively rare and occurs in <2% of the cases of HPT...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386821/unilateral-swelling-of-cheek
#4
Aviral Agrawal, Virendra Singh, Pradeep Kumar, Amrish Bhagol, Anjali Narwal, Ishwar Singh
A 55 year old male patient reported in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a chief complaint of swelling on right side of face from last 2 months. He reported a progressive increase in the swelling. Pain and discomfort was present from last 7 days with increased swelling, and reduced mouth opening. On examination, the face appeared asymmetrical with a swelling in the right cheek which was small, smooth, dome shaped, present approximately 1.5 cm anterior to tragus. Overlying skin was of normal colour...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386820/fronto-orbital-reconstruction-using-polymethyl-methacrylate-implant
#5
Samiran Ghosh, Debolina Pramanick, Amit Ray, Richi Burman, Ashistaru Saha
The objective of this article is to show a case of fronto-orbital reconstruction with prefabricated polymethyl methacrylate prosthesis. A 35-year-old male with alleged history of trauma following road traffic accident 3 months back reported with unaesthetic scar and deformity in right supraorbital region to us. As there was no functional deformity, the management was aimed at correcting the contour and esthetic only. The correction was achieved by overlaying the defect with a polymethyl methacrylate implant fabricated over a three-dimensional stereolithographically printed rapidly prototyped model...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386819/trigeminal-schwannoma
#6
Aviral Agrawal, Virendra Singh, Seema Rohilla, Bindu Sharma
Schwannoma is a benign tumor of the nerve sheath arising from the perineural schwann cells. The nerves most commonly involved in schwannomas of the head and neck are the vagus and the cervical sympathetic chain. Trigeminal schwannomas are rare tumours. A 17 year old male patient with a chief complaint of swelling on face was diagnosed as suffering from bening tumor extending from cranial base (from foramen ovale) to the parapharengeal space. Mandibular access osteotomy was done to expose the tumor. Surgical excision of the tumor was done along with the preservation of the nerve...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386818/efficacy-of-decalcified-freeze-dried-bone-allograft-in-the-regeneration-of-small-osseous-defect-a-comparative-study
#7
Yashmi Jaiswal, Sanjeev Kumar, Vijay Mishra, Puneet Bansal, Kumar Rakshak Anand, Sukumar Singh
Aim: To access the efficacy of decalcified freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) in the regeneration of bone following small osseous defect in minor oral surgery. Objectives: To evaluate the ability of DFDBA to enhance the rate of wound healing and assess radiographic bone density, pain, and infection preoperatively and postoperatively. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with cysts were assessed. Ten patients were filled with DFDBA (Group 1) and ten without bone graft (Group 2), respectively...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386817/dentascan-an-excellent-tool-for-assessment-of-variations-in-the-management-of-periodontal-defects
#8
Virendra Kumar, Jaya Dixit, Nand Lal, Umesh Pratap Verma, Puja Debnath, Anjani Kumar Pathak
Background: The purpose of the present study was to envisage the effectiveness of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) and bovine bone graft (BBG) for promoting defect fill in periodontal intrabony defects using dentascan. Materials and Methods: A total of 13 subjects (15 intrabony defects) aged between 24 and 56 years affected by moderate to severe periodontitis were randomly divided into Control (CG) and Test groups (TG1 and TG2). In CG only debridement, TG1 debridement plus DFDBA, and TG2 debridement plus BBG were performed...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386816/aqueous-intralesional-bleomycin-sclerotherapy-in-lymphatic-malformation-our-experience-with-children-and-adult
#9
Ankur Bhatnagar, Vijai Datta Upadhyaya, Basant Kumar, Zafar Neyaz, Ajay Kushwaha
Objectives: Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are aberrant proliferation of sequestrated lymphatic vessels during early embryogenesis and do not communicate directly with the general lymphatic system. The absence of vascular flow is the hallmark of LMs and is usually symptomless apart from painless disfiguring mass with concerns regarding cosmesis. Design: Sclerotherapy has gained prominence as a preferred treatment modality for macrocystic lesions. Here, we present our experience with use of aqueous bleomycin as intralesional sclerosing agent, an economical first-line treatment for macrocystic variant of LMs in children and adults...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386815/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-tokuyama-and-gc-ii-metal-primer-on-the-bond-strength-of-acrylic-resins-to-ti-6al-7nb
#10
Sunit Kumar Jurel, Niraj Mishra, Pooran Chand, Himanshi Aggarwal, Raghuwar Dayal Singh, Balendra Pratap Singh
Statement of Problem: Because of the toxicity of vanadium in Ti-6Al-4V alloy, next generation of titanium alloys is proposed to focus on niobium-containing alloy, but for clinical applications, it is crucial for this alloy to bond with acrylic resins with or without the use of primers. However, literature was lacking about the effect of primers on bonding of autopolymerizing resins to Ti-6Al-7Nb. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of different metal primers on the shear bond strength of acrylic resin to Ti-6Al-7Nb...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386814/use-of-0-5-bupivacaine-with-buprenorphine-in-minor-oral-surgical-procedures
#11
Varun Nagpal, Tejinder Kaur, Sarika Kapila, Ramandeep Singh Bhullar, Amit Dhawan, Yashmeet Kaur
Background: Minor oral surgical procedures are the most commonly performed procedures by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Performance of painless surgical procedure is highly appreciated by the patients and is possible through the use of local anesthesia, conscious sedation or general anesthesia. Postoperative pain can also be controlled by the use of opioids, as opioid receptors exist in the peripheral nervous system and offers the possibility of providing postoperative analgesia in the surgical patient...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386813/a-clinical-prospective-randomized-comparative-study-on-ostyeosynthesis-of-mandibular-anterior-fractures-following-open-reduction-using-lag-screws-and-miniplates
#12
Gaurav Mittal, Anmol Aggrawal, Ritesh Garg, Siddharth Sharma, Abhishek Rathi, Vishnu Sharma
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to compare fixation of mandibular anterior fractures following open reduction using lag screws or miniplates. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 20 patients diagnosed with cases of displaced mandibular anterior fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation. The patients were then randomly allocated to either of two groups - Group A: two 2.5 mm stainless steel lag screws were placed in 10 patients...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386812/the-effect-of-sodium-bicarbonate-oral-rinse-on-salivary-ph-and-oral-microflora-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Siddhartha Chandel, Mohsin Ali Khan, Nishi Singh, Amiya Agrawal, Vinita Khare
Aim: Present study is designed to explore the effect of sodium bicarbonate oral rinse on salivary pH and oral micro flora. Materials and Methods: Twenty five healthy subjects were recruited for the study in department of dentistry in Era Medical College. Subjects were abstained from tooth brushing overnight pre rinse (control) samples were collected after one hour of dinner and were asked to rinse with pre calibrated freshly prepared sodium bicarbonate solution...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386811/estimation-of-gender-using-cheiloscopy-and-dermatoglyphics
#14
Aanchal Tandon, Abhinav Srivastava, Rohit Jaiswal, Madhvika Patidar, Aashish Khare
Background and Objective: Forensic dentistry plays a vital role in detection and resolution of crime, civil proceedings and personal identification. With ever-increasing demands placed upon law enforcement to provide sufficient physical evidence linking a perpetrator to a crime, it makes sense to utilize any type of physical characteristic to identify a suspect of an offense. The least invasive and cost-effective procedure among all methods of human identification is the study of lip prints and fingerprints...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386810/bone-augmentation-as-an-adjunct-to-dental-implant-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Komal Ladha, Ankit Sharma, Bhawana Tiwari, Dwaraka N Bukya
The aim of the present article is to review the success of bone augmentation performed as an adjunct to dental implant rehabilitation in patients with diabetes mellitus. A literature review was conducted in PubMed on this topic, which yielded a total of 102 publications. For inclusion, publications had to be human studies, written in English language and should report on the success of bone augmentation as an adjunct to dental implant rehabilitation in diabetic patients. After screening the titles and abstracts, 11 full texts publications were obtained, of which seven were included in the review...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386809/oral-submucous-fibrosis-newer-proposed-classification-with-critical-updates-in-pathogenesis-and-management-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Deepak Passi, Prateek Bhanot, Dhruv Kacker, Deepak Chahal, Mansi Atri, Yoshi Panwar
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an oral precancerous condition characterized by inflammation and progressive fibrosis of the submucosal tissues resulting in marked rigidity and trismus. OSMF still remains a dilemma to the clinicians due to elusive pathogenesis and less well-defined classification systems. Over the years, many classification systems have been documented in medical literature based on clinical, histopathological, or functional aspects. However, none of these classifications have achieved universal acceptance...
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386808/dental-implants
#17
EDITORIAL
Shadab Mohammad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761284/common-peroneal-nerve-palsy-in-maxillofacial-surgery-setting
#18
Sqn Ldr Jimish Desai
Common peroneal nerve palsy in maxillofacial surgery setting is an uncommon and rarely reported complication. A patient who developed common peroneal nerve palsy following reduction and fixation of pan facial fractures under general anesthesia is presented. The patient developed common peroneal nerve palsy on the second postoperative day. He recovered with conservative treatment after 3 months. The authors consider that the nerve palsy was a result of compression of common peroneal nerve related to patient positioning in the perioperative period...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761283/report-of-a-rare-cyst-at-a-rare-site-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cyst-partially-lined-with-dermoid-cyst-epithelium
#19
Anjali Narwal, Anju Devi, Achla Bharti Yadav, Virender Singh, Ambika Gupta
Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts (HGCs) of the oral cavity are rare benign lesions mimicking benign or malignant pathologies. These cysts are usually discovered during infancy but may not appear until well into adulthood. The epithelial lining of these cysts shows variable presentation with the presence of an enteric lining as an essential component. The histogenesis is related to entrapment of undifferentiated, noncommitted endoderm within the oral cavity during the 3(rd) - 4(th) week of fetal life. We report a rare case of oral HGC located at a very rare site, i...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761282/verruciform-xanthoma-of-the-tongue
#20
Sanjay Byakodi, Barun Kumar, Sandeep Patil, Swapnil Shinde
Verruciform xanthoma is a benign, soft tissue lesion occurring on the orogenital mucosa. Presentation of oral lesions can be pink, yellow, or gray raised plaque or papule with granular, papillary, or verrucous in nature. There are many theories proposed for the etiopathogenesis of verruciform xanthoma. Clinical observations may be misguiding as the lesion resembles malignant and premalignant lesions. Histopathological confirmation is essential for diagnosis and avoiding radical surgery. Once excised, the lesion does not recur...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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