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National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery

Harkanwal Preet Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Loganathan Selvaraj
This technical report describes a simple and innovative surgical technique for supra-alar sidewall region constriction and supra-alar crease attenuation by cinching technique through intraoral approach.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Erol Cansiz, Emine Akbas, Sabri Cemil Isler
Surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE) is one of the most common orthognathic surgery operations for the treatment of maxillary transverse deficiencies. Although this operation is considered technically simple and has low complication rate, predisposing factors can complicate the postoperative period. In this case report, fistula formation and aspergillosis after SARPE operation were presented.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Santosh Ashok Nandimath, G C Rajkumar, Tulasi Nayak, D P Ashwin, K B Rudresh, R Prashanth
Congenital hemihyperplasia is a rare developmental disorder characterized by unilateral overgrowth of one or more body parts resulting in marked asymmetry. We are reporting here, a case of true hemifacial hypertrophy in a young female adult highlighting the clinical features and possible treatment options.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ram Rangila
Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory condition of bone involving the medullary cavity, the Haversian system, and the adjacent cortex. According to literature review osteomyelitis of zygomatic bone secondary to the depressed fracture of the parietal bone never reported. Here we report a case of osteomyelitis of zygomatic bone which develops 3 month after the depressed fracture of parietal bone.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Indu Bhusan Kar, Niranjan Mishra, Parikshit Sharma
An ameloblastic fibroodontoma (AFO) is a rare odontogenic tumor of mixed dental tissue origin. It exhibits histological features of ameloblastic fibroma and complex odontoma. AFOs are usually found to be asymptomatic and are most often discovered on routine radiography. Sometimes their presence is suspected due to missing permanent dentition. We report a case of an 18-year-old female patient with missing mandibular molars on the left side associated with a giant complex odontoma. Treatment included surgical excision of the tumor followed by reconstruction with iliac crest graft...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Niharika Yadav, Pooran Chand, Sunit Kumar Jurel
Finger amputations are common in accidents at home, work, and play. Apart from trauma, congenital disease and deformity also leads to finger amputation. This results in loss of function, loss of sensation as well as loss of body image. Finger prosthesis offers psychological support and social acceptance in such cases. This clinical report describes a method to fabricate ring retained silicone finger prosthesis in a patient with partial finger loss.
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Ramesh Gupta, Meenu Garg, Salil Pawah, Ajay Gupta
The routine dental practice involves various dental procedures which needs the application of local anesthetics. Generally, there are very few complications associated with these procedures. Complications such as tissue necrosis can occur following the rapid injection of local anesthetic solutions. Palate is a favorable site for soft tissue lesions, various factors such as direct effects of the drug, blanching of the tissues during injection, a relatively poor blood supply, and reactivation of the latent forms of herpes can all promote to tissue ischemia and a lesion in the palate...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Amit Shah, Vijay Nautiyal, Arti Gupta, Vikas Ramola
CONTEXT: Evaluation of Maxillofacial fractures in hilly region of Garhwal Himalyas and its relation with age, gender, anatomical location, seasonal variation and treatment provided. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to analyze the pattern of maxillofacial fractures in the Garhwal Himalayan region of India and to compare the results with similar studies in India and the rest of the world. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective study conducted on 102 patients with 128 facial fractures...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Prashant Kumar, Manju Thepra, Amrish Bhagol, Kannu Priya, Virendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of a wide variety of pharmacological agents in the field of anesthesia, there has always been a continuous search for newer local anesthetic agents with improved efficacy, potency, and better handling properties. Dexmedetomidine, a selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, is an emerging agent for provision of additive local anesthetic effect if used with conventional local anesthetics, which can be implicated in dentistry for performing many minor oral surgical procedures...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Sunil Yadav, Hitesh Chander Mittal, Vikas Dhupar, Francis Akkara, Akash Sachdeva
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of transoral approach alone to treat the mandibular angle fracture using single 2.0 mm miniplate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 28 patients were included and treated with 2.0 mm single miniplate osteosynthesis at upper border along Champy's line of osteosynthesis using transoral approach alone. RESULTS: All the cases were treated successfully with 2.0 mm single miniplate with common complications such as infection (two cases) and plate exposure (one case) in a total of two cases...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Neerja Raj, Mayank Singh, Vineet Raj, Mohd Anwar, Lakshya Kumar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of ocular defect among different age groups, gender, side involved, and etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among referred ocular defect patients in a dental college in southern part of India over a 5 years period (2008-2012). Information regarding general identification, gender, age, affected side, and etiology was collected. The collected data were analyzed and grouped according to different age groups, gender, side involved, and etiology...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Deepankar Shukla, M R Muthusekhar
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: Medline search was done from 1997 to 2011 using search terms appropriate to establishing a relation between LLLT and TMD. Only randomized controlled trials were included in this study. Outcome variables related to pain, muscle tenderness, mandibular movements, and Electromyographic (EMG) activity were considered...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Amit Shah, Vikas Ramola, Vijay Nautiyal
CONTEXT: Head and neck space infections source, age, gender, tooth involved, fascial spaces involved, microbiological study of aerobic flora, and antibiotic susceptibilities. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to identify causative aerobic microorganisms responsible for deep fascial spaces of head and neck infections and evaluate the resistance of antibiotics used in the treatment of such. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective study in 100 patients...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Anjani Kumar Pathak, Kopal Goel, Vijay Shakya, Arunesh Kumar Tiwari
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, dental implants permit consideration of as one of the most reliable therapeutic modalities during the establishment of any prosthetic treatment plan. In numerous clinical situations, implants can clearly contribute to a notable simplification of therapy, frequently enabling removable prostheses to be avoided, keeping it less invasive with respect to remaining tooth structure. The aim of the present study was to clinically assess the peri-implant and periodontal conditions after the placement of crowns in partially edentulous patients...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Deepak Passi, Purnima Singh, Sarang Sharma, Mahinder Singh, Dhirendra Srivastava
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), and hydroxyapatite (HA) for reduction of pain and swelling, absence of dry socket, soft tissue healing, and bone regeneration after mandibular third molar extraction in human patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients requiring extraction of mandibular third molars were randomly grouped as control, PRP, PRF, and HA-treated. The patients were assessed for postoperative pain, swelling, dry socket, and soft tissue healing on the 3(rd), 7(th), and 14(th) day of postoperative periods depending on the standard methods...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Syed Sayeed Ahmed, Sajjad Abdur Rehman, Md Kalim Ansari, Abid Ali Khan, Omar Farooq, Arshad Hafeez Khan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the maximum voluntary bite force generated at different periods during mandibular fracture healing using miniplates and microplates as means of rigid internal fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maximum voluntary bite force was recorded in healthy young individuals of different age group from either gender. Patients suffering from symphyseal and parasymphyseal and body fractures were selected and randomly treated using miniplate and microplate osteosynthesis by open reduction and rigid internal fixation...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
Shital M Patel, Nehal H Patel, Geet Gunjana A Khaitan, Rashmi S Thanvi, Parth Patel, Rajesh N Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Maximal mouth opening (MMO) is used as a marker of masticatory pathology. However, MMO among children varies considerably with their age, height, sex, and race. While accurate percentile of normal mouth opening and relationship with anthropometric measurement are not precisely defined for the Indian population, we designed prospective, observational study to define the percentiles for normal MMO in our children. METHODS: A total of 985 children, 560 males and 425 females, in the age range of 5-18 years attending the pediatric clinic in a tertiary care center in Western India were studied...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
R K Singh, U S Pal, Pranshu Singh, Geeta Singh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of different types of fixation in the enhancement of posttraumatic inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) recovery in displaced mandibular angle fracture and to establish. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients of displaced mandibular angle fracture were treated with preangulated plate and three-dimensional (3D) matrix plate in two groups and were observed during follow-up at 04,06 and 12 weeks along with other parameters...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
V Santosh Kumar, N Koteswara Rao, Kodali Rama Mohan, Leela Krishna, B Srinivasa Prasad, N Ranganadh, Vijaya Lakshmi
BACKGROUND: Coronal incision is a popular and versatile surgical approach to the anterior cranial vault and upper and middle third facial skeleton. The flap itself permits widespread exposure of the fractures in this region. The bicoronal flap was first described by Hartley and Kenyon (neurosurgeons) to gain access to the anterior cranium in 1907. It extension as an access flap to the upper and lateral aspect of the face was pioneered by Tessier (1971). Esthetically, it is pleasing as the surgical scar is hidden within the hair...
January 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
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