journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Obesity Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861866/erratum-to-obesity-in-international-migrant-populations
#1
Marie Murphy, Wendy Robertson, Oyinlola Oyebode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815416/what-is-the-evidence-for-paediatric-adolescent-bariatric-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Natalie Durkin, Ashish P Desai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In spite of the increasing prevalence of severe and complex obesity in children, surgery as a potential management option is still not widely accepted. The purpose of this review is to examine the evidence for surgical options in the severely obese paediatric population. Increasing evidence supports early rather than later use of bariatric surgery in the treatment of extreme obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Prior to 2007, the feasibility and safety of surgery have been reported by predominantly small, sporadic single-centre retrospective case series...
August 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780756/potential-hormone-mechanisms-of-bariatric-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Georgios K Dimitriadis, Manpal S Randeva, Alexander D Miras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, the role of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in energy homeostasis through modulation of the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates and the production of incretin hormones is well recognized. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgery for obesity has been a very effective method in substantially improving weight, and numerous studies have focused on intestinal adaptation after bariatric procedures. A number of structural and functional changes in the GI tract have been reported postsurgery, which could be responsible for the altered hormonal responses...
August 5, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762103/the-influence-of-fathers-on-children-s-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-insights-recommendations-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although fathers have an important influence on their children's well-being, their unique influence on child lifestyle behaviors has been largely overlooked in the literature. To inform and encourage future research, this paper provides an overview of existing studies that have examined the influence of fathers on the physical activity and dietary behaviors of their children. RECENT FINDINGS: While the available data indicate that fathers' behaviors and parenting practices likely play an important role in promoting healthy behaviors in children, the evidence base is limited by a reliance on observational designs and small, ungeneralizable samples...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762102/weight-loss-and-appetite-control-in-women
#5
REVIEW
Luzia Jaeger Hintze, Salma Mahmoodianfard, Coralie Bonaparte Auguste, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe and discuss weight loss-induced variations in appetite in women and factors responsible for these changes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown postweight loss increases in fasting and postprandial appetite in individuals engaged in weight loss trials, especially in women. Similarly, appetite-related peptides associated to the homeostatic control of feeding, such as leptin, ghrelin and peptide YY, were also found to be altered in way that promotes increased appetite after weight loss interventions...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755179/evidence-base-for-optimal-preoperative-preparation-for-bariatric-surgery-does-mandatory-weight-loss-make-a-difference
#6
REVIEW
Julie J Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preoperative weight loss regimens prior to bariatric surgery have been a routine and common practice for many centers, in the US and around the world. The mandated participation in such programs has largely been influenced by loco-regional payer requirements. The relationship between adherence to a mandatory weight loss regimen and achieved preoperative weight loss as well as the clinical impact of preoperative weight loss on bariatric outcomes remains uncertain. RECENT FINDINGS: This review examines the available current literature, in the context of previous findings, regarding the impact of mandated preoperative weight loss regimens and mandatory weight loss on bariatric outcomes...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755178/obesity-in-international-migrant-populations
#7
REVIEW
Marie Murphy, Wendy Robertson, Oyinlola Oyebode
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the risk of obesity in migrant groups-specifically migrants from countries with lower prevalence of obesity to countries with higher prevalence of obesity. We examine obesity prevalence within migrant groups compared with native populations and the evidence on factors that might shape obesity risk in these migrant groups. RECENT FINDINGS: Migrants may arrive in new countries with a health advantage including generally a healthier body weight...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755177/evidence-base-for-multidisciplinary-care-of-pediatric-adolescent-bariatric-surgery-patients
#8
REVIEW
Mohamed O Elahmedi, Aayed R Alqahtani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe childhood obesity, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than the 99th percentile for age and gender, is rising in most countries and is associated with early morbidity and mortality. Optimal management of the health of the child with obesity requires a multidisciplinary approach that identifies and treats associated derangements. RECENT FINDINGS: Lifestyle interventions such as diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy for the severely obese pediatric patient are generally not effective...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#9
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707209/anaesthetic-preparation-of-obese-patients-current-status-on-optimal-work-up
#10
REVIEW
Asta Lukosiute, Anil Karmali, Jonathan Mark Cousins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the prevalence of obesity rapidly growing, bariatric anaesthesia becomes everyday anaesthesia rather than a subspecialty. In this review, we are aiming to draw attention to this complex group of patients and their comorbidities, relevant to everyday practice for contemporary anaesthetists. RECENT FINDINGS: We wanted to focus greatly on sleep-related breathing disorders, because preoperative screening, diagnosis and treatment of the aforementioned make a huge impact in the improvement of preoperative morbidity and mortality, including positive effects on the cardiovascular system...
July 13, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699145/shifts-in-food-preferences-after-bariatric-surgery-observational-reports-and-proposed-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Natasha Kapoor, Werd Al-Najim, Carel W le Roux, Neil G Docherty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for obesity. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure and results in long-term weight loss. Alterations in food preference and choices may contribute to the long-term benefits of RYGB. This manuscript reviews the available literature documenting changes in food preference in both humans and experimental animals after RYGB and discusses the current theory on the underlying mechanisms involved...
July 11, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695352/longitudinal-associations-between-childhood-obesity-and-academic-achievement-systematic-review-with-focus-group-data
#12
REVIEW
Anne Martin, Josephine N Booth, Sarah McGeown, Ailsa Niven, John Sproule, David H Saunders, John J Reilly
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to review the evidence on longitudinal associations between child and adolescent obesity and academic achievement and to provide perceptions of adolescents with obesity and their parents on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of 31 studies (from 17 cohorts) suggested that relationships between obesity and academic achievement are not well established, except for adolescent girls' maths attainment, potentially mediated by both weight-related bullying and executive cognitive functions...
July 10, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639063/erratum-to-screen-time-other-sedentary-behaviours-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-a-review-of-reviews
#13
Stuart J H Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea, Zeljko Pedisic, Jason Bennie, Ineke Vergeer, Glen Wiesner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547122/trauma-and-bmi-mortality
#14
REVIEW
Tejal S Brahmbhatt, Michael Hernon, Charles Jeffrey Siegert, Leneé Plauché, Lorrie S Young, Peter Burke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity has been recognized as an impactful comorbid condition. It has been demonstrated to be an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality following trauma. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple studies and reviews have strongly suggested obesity to be associated with increased risk for post-injury morbidity and mortality. As obesity is associated with a pro-inflammatory state, it has been suggested to negatively affect the respiratory, cardiovascular, coagulation, and renal systems and the ability and manner in which an obese patient heals...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466412/hyperinsulinemia-a-cause-of-obesity
#16
REVIEW
Karel A Erion, Barbara E Corkey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This perspective is motivated by the need to question dogma that does not work: that the problem is insulin resistance (IR). We highlight the need to investigate potential environmental obesogens and toxins. RECENT FINDINGS: The prequel to severe metabolic disease includes three interacting components that are abnormal: (a) IR, (b) elevated lipids and (c) elevated basal insulin (HI). HI is more common than IR and is a significant independent predictor of diabetes...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455679/weight-loss-and-improvement-in-comorbidity-differences-at-5-10-15-and-over
#17
REVIEW
Donna H Ryan, Sarah Ryan Yockey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One begins to see improvement in glycemic measures and triglycerides with small amounts of weight loss, but with greater levels of weight loss there is even greater improvement. In fact, the relationship between weight loss and glycemia is one that is very close. RECENT FINDINGS: This is fortunate for diabetes prevention; it takes only small amounts of weight loss to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes from impaired glucose tolerance, and after the 10 kg of weight loss, one cannot demonstrate much additional improvement in risk reduction...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455678/early-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
REVIEW
Fang Fang Zhang, Michael J Kelly, Aviva Must
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood cancer survivors experience excessive weight gain early in treatment. Lifestyle interventions need to be initiated early in cancer care to prevent the early onset of obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We reviewed the existing literature on early lifestyle interventions in childhood cancer survivors and consider implications for clinical care. RECENT FINDINGS: Few lifestyle interventions focus on improving nutrition in childhood cancer survivors...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439846/partnership-for-a-healthier-america-creating-change-through-private-sector-partnerships
#19
REVIEW
Caitlin Simon, S Lawrence Kocot, William H Dietz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides background on the formation of the Partnership for a Healthier America (PHA), that was created in conjunction with the Let's Move! initiative, and an overview of its work to date. RECENT FINDINGS: To encourage industry to offer and promote healthier options, PHA partners with the private sector. Principles that guide PHA partnerships include ensuring that partnerships represent meaningful change, partners sign a legally binding contract and progress is monitored and publicly reported...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434109/insights-into-the-link-between-obesity-and-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Sarah E Ackerman, Olivia A Blackburn, François Marchildon, Paul Cohen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adipocytes have adapted to store energy in the form of lipid and also secrete circulating factors called adipokines that signal to other tissues to coordinate energy homeostasis. These functions are disrupted in the setting of obesity, promoting the development of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity is linked to an increased risk of many types of cancer and increased cancer-related mortality...
June 2017: Current Obesity Reports
journal
journal
43944
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"