journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Obesity Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101739/brown-adipose-tissue-an-update-on-recent-findings
#1
REVIEW
Kara L Marlatt, Eric Ravussin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New treatment approaches to weight loss and weight loss maintenance in humans are critical. Given its potential role in stimulating energy expenditure, brown adipose tissue (BAT) activation has become a trending topic as an anti-obesity treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Most studies on BAT stimulation have been conducted in rodents and used cold stimulation. To date, few human trials exist that tested the effect of cold exposure on BAT. Those studies show that BAT contributes a small amount to overall energy metabolism which is unlikely to cause weight loss...
November 3, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101738/spontaneous-physical-activity-defends-against-obesity
#2
REVIEW
Catherine M Kotz, Claudio E Perez-Leighton, Jennifer A Teske, Charles J Billington
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spontaneous physical activity (SPA) is a physical activity not motivated by a rewarding goal, such as that associated with food-seeking or wheel-running behavior. SPA is often thought of as only "fidgeting," but that is a mischaracterization, since fidgety behavior can be linked to stereotypies in neurodegenerative disease and other movement disorders. Instead, SPA should be thought of as all physical activity behavior that emanates from an unconscious drive for movement...
November 3, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076029/bariatric-surgery-registries-can-they-contribute-to-improved-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Wendy A Brown, Andrew D MacCormick, John J McNeil, Ian D Caterson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clinical registries systematically collect prospective information about patients with a particular medical condition, who have had a medical device implanted or who have undergone a particular procedure. When these variables are collected with pre-defined quality indices included, the benched-marked risk-adjusted data may be a valuable resource for providing feedback on outcomes, including performance, to practitioners, patients, health services and device manufacturers...
October 26, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071481/ultra-processed-food-intake-and-obesity-what-really-matters-for-health-processing-or-nutrient-content
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer M Poti, Bianca Braga, Bo Qin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this narrative review was to summarize and critique recent evidence evaluating the association between ultra-processed food intake and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Four of five studies found that higher purchases or consumption of ultra-processed food was associated with overweight/obesity. Additional studies reported relationships between ultra-processed food intake and higher fasting glucose, metabolic syndrome, increases in total and LDL cholesterol, and risk of hypertension...
October 25, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071480/obesity-appetite-and-the-prefrontal-cortex
#5
REVIEW
Marci E Gluck, Pooja Viswanath, Emma J Stinson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a chronic illness and its prevalence is growing worldwide and numerous factors play a role in the regulation of food intake. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in high-order executive function, regulation of limbic reward regions, and the inhibition of impulsive behaviors. Understanding the role of the PFC in the control of appetite regulation may contribute to a greater understanding of the etiology of obesity and could improve weight loss outcomes...
October 25, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063380/what-twin-studies-tell-us-about-brain-responses-to-food-cues
#6
REVIEW
Ellen Schur, Susan Carnell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using visual food cues provides insight into brain regulation of appetite in humans. This review sought evidence for genetic determinants of these responses. RECENT FINDINGS: Echoing behavioral studies of food cue responsiveness, twin study approaches detect significant inherited influences on brain response to food cues. Both polygenic (whole genome) factors and polymorphisms in single genes appear to impact appetite regulation, particularly in brain regions related to satiety perception...
October 23, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063379/dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
M Carolina Archundia Herrera, Fatheema B Subhan, Catherine B Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to identify dietary patterns with beneficial effects on cardiovascular health of adults with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. People with diabetes have a greater risk for cardiovascular disease. Mediterranean diet, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, vegetarian diet, traditional Korean diet, Japanese diet, and low-glycemic-index diet can reduce cardiovascular disease risk in people with diabetes...
October 23, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052153/food-for-thought-reward-mechanisms-and-hedonic-overeating-in-obesity
#8
REVIEW
Phong Ching Lee, John B Dixon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the food addiction model and the role of food hedonic pathways in the pathogenesis and treatment of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hedonic pathway interacts with the obesogenic environment to override homeostatic mechanisms to cause increase in body weight. Weight gain sustained over time leads to "upward setting" of defended level of body-fat mass. There are neurobiological and phenotypic similarities and differences between hedonic pathways triggered by food compared with other addictive substances, and the entity of food addiction remains controversial...
October 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052152/a-new-understanding-of-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-contribution-of-the-self-determination-theory
#9
REVIEW
Marie Buttitta, Amélie Rousseau, Alain Guerrien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preservation of Quality of Life (QOL) is now a major determinant of obesity management, but little is known about variables predicting QOL. Identifying these predicting variables of QOL would provide further understanding of the QOL concept and help draw clinical implications. The Self-determination Theory (SDT) is a promising understanding perspective of the QOL. RECENT FINDINGS: The SDT postulates that well-being and motivation are determined by the satisfaction of three needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness...
October 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861866/erratum-to-obesity-in-international-migrant-populations
#10
Marie Murphy, Wendy Robertson, Oyinlola Oyebode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639063/erratum-to-screen-time-other-sedentary-behaviours-and-obesity-risk-in-adults-a-review-of-reviews
#11
Stuart J H Biddle, Enrique García Bengoechea, Zeljko Pedisic, Jason Bennie, Ineke Vergeer, Glen Wiesner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815416/what-is-the-evidence-for-paediatric-adolescent-bariatric-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Natalie Durkin, Ashish P Desai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In spite of the increasing prevalence of severe and complex obesity in children, surgery as a potential management option is still not widely accepted. The purpose of this review is to examine the evidence for surgical options in the severely obese paediatric population. Increasing evidence supports early rather than later use of bariatric surgery in the treatment of extreme obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Prior to 2007, the feasibility and safety of surgery have been reported by predominantly small, sporadic single-centre retrospective case series...
August 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780756/potential-hormone-mechanisms-of-bariatric-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Georgios K Dimitriadis, Manpal S Randeva, Alexander D Miras
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, the role of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in energy homeostasis through modulation of the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates and the production of incretin hormones is well recognized. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgery for obesity has been a very effective method in substantially improving weight, and numerous studies have focused on intestinal adaptation after bariatric procedures. A number of structural and functional changes in the GI tract have been reported postsurgery, which could be responsible for the altered hormonal responses...
August 5, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762103/the-influence-of-fathers-on-children-s-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-insights-recommendations-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although fathers have an important influence on their children's well-being, their unique influence on child lifestyle behaviors has been largely overlooked in the literature. To inform and encourage future research, this paper provides an overview of existing studies that have examined the influence of fathers on the physical activity and dietary behaviors of their children. RECENT FINDINGS: While the available data indicate that fathers' behaviors and parenting practices likely play an important role in promoting healthy behaviors in children, the evidence base is limited by a reliance on observational designs and small, ungeneralizable samples...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762102/weight-loss-and-appetite-control-in-women
#15
REVIEW
Luzia Jaeger Hintze, Salma Mahmoodianfard, Coralie Bonaparte Auguste, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe and discuss weight loss-induced variations in appetite in women and factors responsible for these changes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown postweight loss increases in fasting and postprandial appetite in individuals engaged in weight loss trials, especially in women. Similarly, appetite-related peptides associated to the homeostatic control of feeding, such as leptin, ghrelin and peptide YY, were also found to be altered in way that promotes increased appetite after weight loss interventions...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755179/evidence-base-for-optimal-preoperative-preparation-for-bariatric-surgery-does-mandatory-weight-loss-make-a-difference
#16
REVIEW
Julie J Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preoperative weight loss regimens prior to bariatric surgery have been a routine and common practice for many centers, in the US and around the world. The mandated participation in such programs has largely been influenced by loco-regional payer requirements. The relationship between adherence to a mandatory weight loss regimen and achieved preoperative weight loss as well as the clinical impact of preoperative weight loss on bariatric outcomes remains uncertain. RECENT FINDINGS: This review examines the available current literature, in the context of previous findings, regarding the impact of mandated preoperative weight loss regimens and mandatory weight loss on bariatric outcomes...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755178/obesity-in-international-migrant-populations
#17
REVIEW
Marie Murphy, Wendy Robertson, Oyinlola Oyebode
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the risk of obesity in migrant groups-specifically migrants from countries with lower prevalence of obesity to countries with higher prevalence of obesity. We examine obesity prevalence within migrant groups compared with native populations and the evidence on factors that might shape obesity risk in these migrant groups. RECENT FINDINGS: Migrants may arrive in new countries with a health advantage including generally a healthier body weight...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755177/evidence-base-for-multidisciplinary-care-of-pediatric-adolescent-bariatric-surgery-patients
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed O Elahmedi, Aayed R Alqahtani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe childhood obesity, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than the 99th percentile for age and gender, is rising in most countries and is associated with early morbidity and mortality. Optimal management of the health of the child with obesity requires a multidisciplinary approach that identifies and treats associated derangements. RECENT FINDINGS: Lifestyle interventions such as diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy for the severely obese pediatric patient are generally not effective...
July 28, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#19
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707209/anaesthetic-preparation-of-obese-patients-current-status-on-optimal-work-up
#20
REVIEW
Asta Lukosiute, Anil Karmali, Jonathan Mark Cousins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the prevalence of obesity rapidly growing, bariatric anaesthesia becomes everyday anaesthesia rather than a subspecialty. In this review, we are aiming to draw attention to this complex group of patients and their comorbidities, relevant to everyday practice for contemporary anaesthetists. RECENT FINDINGS: We wanted to focus greatly on sleep-related breathing disorders, because preoperative screening, diagnosis and treatment of the aforementioned make a huge impact in the improvement of preoperative morbidity and mortality, including positive effects on the cardiovascular system...
July 13, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
journal
journal
43944
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"