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Natural Products and Bioprospecting

Li Peng, Yanting Lu, Yuhui Xu, Jing Hu, Fang Wang, Yumei Zhang, Wenyong Xiong
Obesity is crucially involved in many metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Regulating the number or size of adipocytes has been suggested to be a potential treatment for obesity. In this study, we investigated the effect of pyrocincholic acid 3β-O-β-D-quinovopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (PAQG), a 27-nor-oleanolic acid saponin extracted from Metadina trichotoma, on adipogenesis and lipid metabolism in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes were incubated with vehicle or PAQG for 6 days in differentiation process...
May 19, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Michel Feussi Tala, Jianchun Qin, Joseph T Ndongo, Hartmut Laatsch
In the (1)H NMR-guided fractionation of extracts from the edible mushroom Lactarius deliciosus, two new azulene-type sesquiterpenoids, 7-isopropenyl-4-methyl-azulene-1-carboxylic acid (1) and 15-hydroxy-3,6-dihydrolactarazulene (2), together with seven known compounds were characterized. Their structures were determined on basis of spectroscopic evidence, as well as by comparing with literature data. Amongst the known metabolites, the (13)C NMR assignment of 15-hydroxy-6,7-dihydrolactarazulene (3) is reported here for the first time...
May 11, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ting Wu, Zhiqiang Pan, Chengfeng Xia
A highly efficient and direct approach was developed to construct the structurally diverse spirooxindole skeleton, which is an important basic motif in natural products. Both the 3,3'-pyrrolidonyl spirooxindoles and spiroindolin-2-one δ-lactones were smoothly obtained by the intramolecular Dieckmann cyclization of oxindoles in excellent yield under mild conditions.
May 8, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Miao Liu, Zheng-Xi Hu, Yuan-Qing Luo, Min Zhou, Wei-Guang Wang, Xiao-Nian Li, Xue Du, Jian-Xin Pu, Han-Dong Sun
Schisanpropinoic acid (1), a new bergamotane sesquiterpenoid, and schisanpropinin (2), a new tetrahydrofuran lignan with a rare epoxyethane unit, were identified from the stems and leaves of Schisandra propinqua var. propinqua. Their structures were determined based on comprehensive spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by X-ray analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for their cytotoxic activity against five human tumor cell lines.
May 3, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ya-Mei Li, Bing Xiang, Xiao-Zheng Li, Yong-Ming Yan, Yong-Xian Cheng
Two new diterpenoids, neoorthosiphonones B and C (1 and 2), and one known diterpenoid, were isolated from the aerial parts of Clerodendranthus spicatus. Their structures including absolute configurations were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and X-ray crystallographic methods. No compound was found to inhibit fibronectin production at the concentration of 20 μM.
May 3, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Kennedy D Nyongbela, Fidele Ntie-Kang, Thomas R Hoye, Simon M N Efange
The antiparasitic activity and preliminary in vitro and in silico drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic (DMPK) assessment of six isomeric sesquiterpenes (1-6), isolated from the Cameroonian spice Scleria striatinux De Wild (Cyperaceae) is reported. The study was prompted by the observation that two of the compounds (1 and 2) exhibited varying levels of antiparasitic activity on Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania donovani. The in silico method employed a total of 46 descriptors, calculated using Schrödinger QikProp software...
April 18, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Xiu-Juan Yin, Chang-An Geng, Xing-Long Chen, Chang-Li Sun, Tong-Hua Yang, Tian-Ze Li, Jun Zhou, Xue-Mei Zhang, Ji-Jun Chen
Sixteen tropinone derivatives were prepared, and their antitumor activities against five human cancer cells (HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7 and SW480) were evaluated with MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfopheny)-2H-tetrazolium] assay. Most of the derivatives exhibited better activities compared with tropinone at the concentration of 40 μM. Particularly, derivative 6 showed significant activities with IC50 values of 3.39, 13.59, 6.65, 13.09 and 12.38 μM respectively against HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7 and SW480 cells, which suggested more potent activities than that of cis-dichlorodiamineplatinum (DDP)...
April 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Joseph Sakah Kaunda, Ying-Jun Zhang
Carissa L. is a genus of the family Apocynaceae, with about 36 species as evergreen shrubs or small trees native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Most of Carissa plants have been employed and utilized in traditional medicine for various ailments, such as headache, chest complains, rheumatism, oedema, gonorrhoea, syphilis, rabies. So far, only nine Carissa species have been phytochemically studied, which led to the identification of 123 compounds including terpenes, flavonoids, lignans, sterols, simple phenolic compounds, fatty acids and esters, and so on...
April 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Jie Yang, Xiao-Bing Huang, Qin-Li Wan, Ai-Jun Ding, Zhong-Lin Yang, Ming-Hua Qiu, Hua-Ying Sun, Shu-Hua Qi, Huai-Rong Luo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major public health concern worldwide and the few drugs currently available only treat the symptoms. Hence, there is a strong need to find more effective anti-AD agents. Cynanchum otophyllum is a traditional Chinese medicine for treating epilepsy, and otophylloside B (Ot B), isolated from C. otophyllum, is the essential active component. Having previously identified anti-aging effects of Ot B, we evaluated Ot B for AD prevention in C. elegans models of AD and found that Ot B extended lifespan, increased heat stress-resistance, delayed body paralysis, and increased the chemotaxis response...
April 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Li-Xia Wang, Hai-Rong Zheng, Fu-Cai Ren, Tian-Ge Chen, Xiang-Mei Li, Xian-Jun Jiang, Fei Wang
Four hitherto unknown polysubstituted isoflavonoids, including three isoflavans: 7,4'-dihydroxy-8,2',3'-trimethoxyisoflavan (1), 7,2',4'-trihydroxy-8,3'-dimethoxyisoflavan (2), and 7,2',4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyisoflavan (3), and one prenylated isoflavone cudraisoflavone M (4) were isolated from the ethanol extracts of Spatholobus suberectus (for 1 and 2), Flemingia macrophylla (for 3), and Cudrania cochinchinensis (for 4), respectively. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis...
April 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Dong Wang, Shuqun Zhang, Zhe Chang, De-Xin Kong, Zhili Zuo
Recently, there has been a renewed interest in the natural-products-inspired drugs. Quebrachitol (QCT) is one of naturally occurring optically active cyclitols that has now received considerable attention. Until the last decade, it came to be a starting point for the lead discovery. In this review, we had a discussion on the basic research of QCT, including its source, structure, properties, and the recent advances on its application. The biological activities and QCT-inspired leads that are potentially effective for treating human diseases were also discussed...
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Satheesh Kumar Palanisamy, N M Rajendran, Angela Marino
This present study reviewed the chemical diversity of marine ascidians and their pharmacological applications, challenges and recent developments in marine drug discovery reported during 1994-2014, highlighting the structural activity of compounds produced by these specimens. Till date only 5% of living ascidian species were studied from <3000 species, this study represented from family didemnidae (32%), polyclinidae (22%), styelidae and polycitoridae (11-12%) exhibiting the highest number of promising MNPs...
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Mohd Yusuf, Mohd Shabbir, Faqeer Mohammad
With the public's mature demand in recent times pressurized the textile industry for use of natural colorants, without any harmful effects on environment and aquatic ecosystem, and with more developed functionalities simultaneously. Advanced developments for the natural bio-resources and their sustainable use for multifunctional clothing are gaining pace now. Present review highlights historical overview of natural colorants, classification and predominantly processing of colorants from sources, application on textiles surfaces with the functionalities provided by them...
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Swetha Ettireddy, Vijitha Chandupatla, Ciddi Veeresham
Among the microorganisms employed in the study, Aspergillus niger (GUFCC5443), Escherichia coli (ATCC9637), Streptomyces halstedii (CKM-2), Pseudomonas putida (NCIB9494), Cunninghamella elegans (NCIM689) and Sphingomonas paucimobilis (NCTC11030) were capable for the enantioselective conversion of racemic Carvedilol. Immobilization technique enhanced the enantioselectivity of microorganisms and thus increased the enantiomeric purity of the drug. Excellent enantiomeric ratios (E) were found in reactions catalyzed by immobilized A...
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Man-Si Yang, Xiao-Yue Cai, Yuan-Yuan He, Meng-Ying Lu, Shuang Liu, Wen-Xiang Wang, Zheng-Hui Li, Hong-Lian Ai, Tao Feng
Two new seco-sativene sesquiterpenoids, bipolenins D (1) and E (2), a new seco-longifolene sesquiterpenoid, bipolenin F (3), together with three known analogues (4-6), were obtained from cultures of endophytic fungus Bipolaris eleusines. Their structures were established by MS and NMR data. Compounds 1-6 showed no activity to five human cancer cell lines.
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Valery M Dembitsky, Tatyana A Gloriozova, Vladimir V Poroikov
This paper describes research on natural azo compounds isolated from fungi, plant, bacteria, and invertebrates. More than 120 biologically active diazene containing alkaloids demonstrate confirmed pharmacological activity, including antitumor, antimicrobial, and antibacterial effects. The structures, origin, and biological activities of azo compounds are reviewed. Utilizing the computer program PASS, some structure-activity relationship new activities are also predicted, pointing toward possible new applications of these compounds...
February 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Yan-Hong Li, Yu Zhang, Li-Yan Peng, Xiao-Nian Li, Qin-Shi Zhao, Rong-Tao Li, Xing-De Wu
(±)-Evodiakine (1a and 1b), a pair of rearranged rutaecarpine-type alkaloids with an unprecedented 6/5/5/7/6 ring system, were isolated from the nearly ripe fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa. Separation of the enantiomers have been achieved by chiral HPLC column. The structures of (±)-evodiakine were unambiguously elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectra, mass spectrometry, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra...
December 2016: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Chang-An Geng, Ji-Jun Chen
Swerilactones H-K (1-4) as four unprecedented secoiridoid trimers represent a new type of natural product, which has attracted much interest of natural chemists due to their novel skeletons and promising bioactivity. In order to well understand their MS fragmentation behaviors, they were investigated by electrospray ionization ion-trap time-of-flight multistage product ion mass spectrometry (ESI-IT-TOF-MS (n) ) for the first time. The protonated molecules ([M+H](+)) of swerilactones J and K, and deprotonated molecules ([M-H](-)) of swerilactones H, J and K were readily observed in the conventional single-stage mass spectra (MS); however only the [M+Cl](-) ion for swerilactone I was obtained in negative mode...
December 2016: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Bei Wang, Zhi Dai, Lu Liu, Xin Wei, Pei-Feng Zhu, Hao-Fei Yu, Ya-Ping Liu, Xiao-Dong Luo
Three new indole glycosides 22-deoxystrictosamide (1), 22-deoxystrictosamide N (b)-oxide (2) and vincosamide 2'-O-β-D-xylopyranoside-11-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), together with four known analogues were isolated from aqueous fraction of Strychnos nitida. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive analysis of spectroscopic data. All the alkaloids were tested for their cytotoxic activity, but they did not show any exciting result.
December 2016: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Jin-Tang Cheng, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Nian Li, Li-Yan Peng, Huai-Rong Luo, Xing-De Wu, Qin-Shi Zhao
Two rare lyconadin-type Lycopodium alkaloids, lyconadins G (1) and H (2), together with four known ones (3-6), were isolated from Lycopodium complanatum. The structures were determined on the basis of their spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configuration of 1 was established by an X-ray crystallographic analysis. It is the first time to establish the absolute configuration of lyconadin-type Lycopodium alkaloid by an X-ray diffraction experiment. In addition, these findings may provide more information for the biosynthesis of lyconadins...
December 2016: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
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