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Natural Products and Bioprospecting

Han Zhang, Hong-Tao Zhu, Dong Wang, Chong-Ren Yang, Ying-Jun Zhang
Twelve indolyl diketopiperazines 1-12 were isolated from the mycelia culture of Aspergillus penicilliodes Speg., a dominant microorganism from the post fermentation process of ripe Pu-er tea. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods. Among them, trypostatins C (1) and D (2) featuring with a rare methyl vinyl ketone side chain at C-2 are new compounds, while 3 and 4 were obtained for the first time from nature source. The isolates 3-12 did not show obvious cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines at a concentration of 40 μM...
March 14, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Shan Zhang, Lu Xu, Yang-Xi Liu, Hai-Yan Fu, Zuo-Bing Xiao, Yuan-Bin She
E-jiao (Colla Corii Asini, CCA) has been widely used as a healthy food and Chinese medicine. Although authentic CCA is characterized by its typical sweet and neutral fragrance, its aroma components have been rarely investigated. This work investigated the aroma-active components and antioxidant activity of 19 CCAs from different geographical origins. CCA extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation and extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and sensory analysis...
February 27, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Manar Adam, Gihan O M Elhassan, Sakina Yagi, Fatma Sezer Senol, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Abdel Azim Ahmed, Thomas Efferth
We investigated the antioxidant potential and cytotoxicity towards human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells of 57 extracts obtained from 18 plants collected in the Erkowit region, eastern Sudan. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effects against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DMPD), metal-chelation capacity, ferric-reducing (FRAP) and phosphomolibdenum-reducing antioxidant power (PRAP) methods using ELISA microtiter assays. Total phenol and flavonoid amounts of the extracts were determined spectrophotometrically...
February 16, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Zhen-Xiong Wang, Shen Qin, Li-Hua Xu, He-Ping Chen, Huan Sun, Rong Huang, Zheng-Hui Li, Tao Feng, Ji-Kai Liu
Three new lactones, xylanilyticolides A-C (1-3), were isolated from cultures of the actinomycete Promicromonospora xylanilytica YIM 61515. Their structures were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data in conjunction with HRESIMS analysis. Compound 1 exhibited potent cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7 and SW480 with the IC50values of 3.9, 15.2, 11.2, 5.9, and 4.7 μM, respectively.
February 13, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Quan Chi, Ying-Zhi Liu, Xian Wang
Noncovalent interactions between ligands and targeting proteins are essential for understanding molecular mechanisms of proteins. In this work, we investigated the interaction of Cytochrome c (Cyt c) with maltoligosaccharides, namely maltose (Mal II), maltotriose (Mal III), maltotetraose (Mal IV), maltopentaose (Mal V), maltohexaose (Mal VI) and maltoheptaose (Mal VII). Using electrospray ionization mass spetrometry (ESI-MS) assay, the 1:1 and 1:2 complexes formed by Cyt c with maltoligosaccharide ligand were observed...
January 29, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Paul Erasto, Justin Omolo, Richard Sunguruma, Joan J Munissi, Victor Wiketye, Charles de Konig, Atallah F Ahmed
The Phytochemical investigation on MeOH extract on the bark of Aristolochia brasiliensis Mart. & Zucc (Aristolochiaceae) led to the isolation of major compound (1) as light brown grainy crystals. The compound was identified as 1-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-6,7-diol (higenamine) on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. The compound was evaluated for its antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP), using Galleria mellonella larva as an in vivo infection model...
January 22, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Marcelo Marucci Pereira Tangerina, Júlia Pizarro Cesário, Gerson Rodrigues Raggi Pereira, Tania Márcia Costa, Wagner Cotroni Valenti, Wagner Vilegas
The by-catch fauna of the shrimp fishery includes a number of marine invertebrates that are discarded because they do not have commercial value. In order to try to add some value to these materials, we analyzed the chemical composition of the starfish Luidia senegalensis collected in the Brazilian coast as a consequence of the trawling fishery method. In order to access their chemical composition, we used a combination of solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-IT-MSn)...
January 22, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ya-Ru Gao, Yong-Qiang Wang
Endocannabinoid system is related with various physiological and cognitive processes including fertility, pregnancy, during pre- and postnatal development, pain-sensation, mood, appetite, and memory. In the latest decades, an important milestone concerning the endocannabinoid system was the discovery of the existence of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Anandamide was the first reported endogenous metabolite, which adjusted the release of some neurotransmitters through binding to the CB1 or CB2 receptors...
January 16, 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Jin-Tang Cheng, Shi-Tao Chen, Cong Guo, Meng-Jiao Jiao, Wen-Jin Cui, Shu-Hui Wang, Zhe Deng, Chang Chen, Sha Chen, Jun Zhang, An Liu
Six new triterpenoid saponins, aesculusosides A-F (1-6), together with 19 known ones, were isolated from the seeds of Aesculus chinensis. The new structures were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic analyses and by comparison with previously reported data. Some of the isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 cell line by an MTT assay, and compounds 15, 16, 19, and 23-25 exhibited inhibitory activities against MCF-7 with IC50 values ranging from 7.1 to 31.3 μM.
December 29, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Xing Yu, Kai-Ting Duan, Zhen-Xiong Wang, He-Ping Chen, Xiao-Qing Gan, Rong Huang, Zheng-Hui Li, Tao Feng, Ji-Kai Liu
Three new podocarpane diterpenoids, namely anemhupehins A-C (1-3), together with four known analogues (4-7), have been isolated from aerial parts of Anemone hupehensis. Their structures were characterized based on extensive spectroscopic data. Compounds 1 and 4 showed certain cytotoxicities against human cancer cell lines.
February 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
He-Ping Chen, Meng-Yuan Jiang, Zhen-Zhu Zhao, Tao Feng, Zheng-Hui Li, Ji-Kai Liu
A scale-up fermentation of the fungus Boreostereum vibrans facilitated the isolation of six new vibralactone biogenesis-associated analogues, namely vibralactamide A (1), vibralactone T (2), 13-O-lactyl vibralactone (3), 10-O-acetyl vibralactone G (4), (11R,12R)- and (11S,12R)-vibradiol (5, 6). Their structures were established via extensive spectroscopic analyses, specific optical rotation comparison, and Snatzke's method. The biosynthetic pathway for vibralactamide A was postulated. The absolute configuration of vibralactone B was revised by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis...
February 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ashitosh B Pawar, Sandeep P More, R V Adivarekar
Various azo compounds (Modified dyes) have been synthesised by chemical modification of areca nut extract (epicatechin), a plant-based Polyphenolic compound to get semi-synthetic dyes. Three different primary amines namely p- nitro aniline, p-anisidine and aniline, were diazotized to form their corresponding diazonium salts which were further coupled with an areca nut extract. Preliminary characterization of the areca nut extract and the resultant azo compounds (Modified dyes) was carried out in terms of melting point, solubility tests, thin layer chromatography, UV-Visible and FTIR spectroscopy...
February 2018: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Tian-Ming Yang, Yang-Xi Liu, Hai-Yan Fu, Wei Lan, Han-Bo Su, He-Bin Tang, Qiao-Bo Yin, He-Dong Li, Li-Ping Wang, Hai-Long Wu
An HPLC-DAD method combined with second-order calibration based on the alternating trilinear decomposition (ATLD) algorithm with the aid of region selection was developed to simultaneously and quantitatively characterize the synergistic relationships and cumulative excretion of the four bioactive ingredients of Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae in vivo. Although the analytes spectra substantially overlapped with that of the biological matrix, the overlapping profiles between analytes and co-eluting interferences can be successfully separated and accurately quantified by the ATLD method on the basis of the strength of region selection...
December 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Hui Liu, Xingyong Liu, Li Zhang
The study on antitumor activities of artemisinin and its derivatives has been closely focused on in recent years. Herein, 2D and 3D QSAR analysis was performed on the basis of a series of artemisinin derivatives with known bioactivities against the non-small-cell lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Four QSAR models were successfully established by CoMSIA, CoMFA, topomer CoMFA and HQSAR approaches with respective characteristic values q2  = 0.567, R2  = 0.968, ONC = 5; q2  = 0.547, R2  = 0.980, ONC = 7; q2  = 0...
December 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ahmed Mahal, Ping Wu, Zi-Hua Jiang, Xiaoyi Wei
Tetrahydrocurcumin (THC) is a major metabolite of curcumin and plays an important role in curcumin-induced biological effects. THC is a promising preventive and chemotherapeutic agent for cancer. A series of new pyrazole derivatives of THC have been synthesized as potent anticancer agents. Direct condensation of THC with various substituted hydrazines leads to new pyrazole derivatives of THC (1-18). The prepared compounds have been evaluated via in vitro MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay for their cell proliferation-inhibitory activity against human lung adenocarcinoma (A549), human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cells...
December 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Pei-Feng Zhu, Zhi Dai, Bei Wang, Xin Wei, Hao-Fei Yu, Zi-Ru Yan, Xu-Dong Zhao, Ya-Ping Liu, Xiao-Dong Luo
Four new phenolic amides, 4-O-methylgrossamide (1), (E)-2-(4,5-dihydroxy-2-{3-[(4-hydroxyphenethyl)amino]-3-oxopropyl}-phenyl)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)acryl-amide (2), (Z)-lyciumamide C (3), (Z)-thoreliamide B (4), together with thirteen known phenolic amides were identified from the stem of Lycium barbarum. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. All compounds were evaluated for their anti-cancer activities against human glioma stem cell lines...
December 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Xin Wei, Li-Ping Jiang, Ying Guo, Afsar Khan, Ya-Ping Liu, Hao-Fei Yu, Bei Wang, Cai-Feng Ding, Pei-Feng Zhu, Ying-Ying Chen, Yun-Li Zhao, Yong-Bing Chen, Yi-Fen Wang, Xiao-Dong Luo
Uncaria rhynchophylla is commonly recognized as a traditional treatment for dizziness, cerebrovascular diseases, and nervous disorders in China. Previously, the neuro-protective activities of the alkaloids from U. rhynchophylla were intensively reported. In current work, three new indole alkaloids (1-3), identified as geissoschizic acid (1), geissoschizic acid N 4-oxide (2), and 3β-sitsirikine N 4-oxide (3), as well as 26 known analogues were isolated from U. rhynchophylla. However, in the neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferation assay for all isolated compounds, geissoschizic acid (1), geissoschizic acid N 4-oxide (2), isocorynoxeine (6), isorhynchophylline (7), (4S)-akuammigine N-oxide (8), and (4S)-rhynchophylline N-oxide (10) showed unexpected inhibitory activities at 10 μM...
October 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Yu-Chen Liu, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Jia Su, Li-Yan Peng, Lu-Tai Pan, Xing-De Wu, Qin-Shi Zhao
Three new lycodine-type Lycopodium alkaloids, namely 1-methyllycodine (1), 8α-hydroxy-15,16-dehydro-des-N-methyl-α-obscurine (2), N-methyl-16-hydroxyhuperzine B (3), and one new natural lycodine-type Lycopodium alkaloid, N-methylhuperzine A (4), along with 11 known analogues (5-15), were isolated from the whole plants of club moss Huperzia serrata. The structures of 1-4 were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometry data. Among them, compound 1 was the first lycodine-type alkaloid possessing a methyl group at C-1...
October 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Ai-Jun Ding, Shan-Qing Zheng, Xiao-Bing Huang, Ti-Kun Xing, Gui-Sheng Wu, Hua-Ying Sun, Shu-Hua Qi, Huai-Rong Luo
Aging is a process characterized by accumulating degenerative damages, resulting in the death of an organism ultimately. The main goal of aging research is to develop therapies that delay age-related diseases in human. Since signaling pathways in aging of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), fruit flies and mice are evolutionarily conserved, compounds extending lifespan of them by intervening pathways of aging may be useful in treating age-related diseases in human. Natural products have special resource advantage and with few side effect...
October 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
Li-Wen Tian, Zhen Zhang, Hai-Lan Long, Ying-Jun Zhang
The Smilax species, widely distributed in tropical region of the world and the warm areas of East Asia and North America, are extensively used as folk medicine to treat inflammatory disorders. Chemical investigation on Smilax species showed they are rich sources of steroidal saponins with diversified structure types, including spirostane, isospirostane, furostane, pregnane, and cholestane. This review mainly summarizes the steroidal saponins (1-104) reported from the genus Smilax between 1967 and 2016, and their biological activities...
August 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
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