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Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors

Farhad Forouharmajd, Mehrdad Yadegari, Masoumeh Ahmadvand, Farshad Forouharmajd, Siamak Pourabdian
Effects of vibration appear as mechanical and psychological disorders, including stress reactions, cognitive and movement disorders, problem in concentration and paying attention to the assigned duties. The common signs and symptoms of hand-arm vibration (HAV) in the fingers and hands may appear as pins and needles feeling, tingling, numbness, and also the loss of finger sensation and dexterity. Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench programming software designed for occupational vibrations measurement was used to calculate HAV acceleration...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Ali Jomehzadeh, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Vahid Jahanbakhsh
The head scatter factor (Sc ) is important to measurements radiation beam and beam modeling of treatment planning systems used for advanced radiation therapy techniques. This study aimed to investigate the design of a miniphantom to measurement variations in collimator Sc in the presence of shielding blocks for shaping the beam using different field sizes. Copper, Brass, and Perspex buildup caps were designed and fabricated locally as material with three different thicknesses for buildup caps (miniphantoms)...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Zahra Khodadadi, Hamid R Kobravi, Milad F Majd
Stimulation of spinal sensorimotor circuits can improve motor control in animal models and humans with spinal cord injury (SCI). More recent evidence suggests that the stimulation increases the level of excitability in the spinal circuits, activates central pattern generators, and it is also able to recruit distinctive afferent pathways connected to specific sensorimotor circuits. In addition, the stimulation generates well-defined responses in leg muscles after each pulse. The problem is that in most of the neuromodulation devices, electrical stimulation parameters are regulated manually and stay constant during movement...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mohammad Ali Salami, Faranak Kaveian, Mohammad Rafienia, Saeed Saber-Samandari, Amirsalar Khandan, Mitra Naeimi
Background: Biopolymer scaffolds have received great interest in academic and industrial environment because of their supreme characteristics like biological, mechanical, chemical, and cost saving in the biomedical science. There are various attempts for incorporation of biopolymers with cheap natural micro- or nanoparticles like lignin (Lig), alginate, and gums to prepare new materials with enhanced properties. Methods: In this work, the electrospinning (ELS) technique as a promising cost-effective method for producing polymeric scaffold fibers was used, which mimics extracellular matrix structure for soft tissue engineering applications...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Omid Sarrafzadeh, Alireza M Dehnavi, Hossein Y Banaem, Ardeshir Talebi, Arshin Gharibi
Background: Differential counting of white blood cells (WBCs or leukocytes) is a common task to diagnose many diseases such as leukemia, and infections. An accurate process for recognizing leukocytes is to evaluate a blood smear under a microscope by an expert. Since, this procedure is manual, time-consuming and tedious, making the procedure automatic would overcome these problems. In an automated CAD (Computer-Aided-Design) system for this purpose, a crucial module is leukocytes recognition...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mohammad Bagher Tavakoli, Habiballah Moradi, Hossein Khanahmad, Mohsen Hosseini
Background: The aim of this study was to develop a nucleotide geometrical model of the circular mitochondrial DNA (mt-DNA) structure using Geant4-DNA toolkit to predict the radiation-induced damages such as single-strand breaks (SSB), double-strand breaks (DSB), and some other physical parameters. Methods: Our model covers the organization of a circular human mt genetic system. The current model includes all 16,659 base pairs of human mt-DNA. This new mt-DNA model has been preliminarily tested in this work by determining SSB and DSB DNA damage yields and site-hit probabilities due to the impact of proton particles...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Zahra Nadealian, Behzad Nazari, Saeid Sadri, Mohammad Momeni
Background: Pulmonary nodules are symptoms of lung cancer. The shape and size of these nodules are used to diagnose lung cancer in computed tomography (CT) images. In the early stages, nodules are very small, and radiologist has to refer to many CT images to diagnose the disease, causing operator mistakes. Image processing algorithms are used as an aid to detect and localize nodules. Methods: In this paper, a novel lung nodules detection scheme is proposed. First, in the preprocessing stage, our algorithm segments two lung lobes to increase processing speed and accuracy...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mina Golzar, Faranak Fotouhi-Ghazvini, Hossein Rabbani, Fahimeh Sadat Zakeri
Background: The increasing trend of heart disease has turned the attention of researchers toward the use of portable connected technologies. The necessity of continuous special care for cardiovascular patients is an inevitable fact. Methods: In this research, a new wireless electrocardiographic (ECG) signal-monitoring system based on smartphone is presented. This system has two main sections. The first section consists of a sensor which receives ECG signals via an amplifier, then filters and digitizes the signal, and prepares it to be transmitted...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Azadeh Kiani Sarkaleh, Babak Vosoughi Lahijani, Hamidreza Saberkari, Ali Esmaeeli
Rapid advances in biochemistry and genetics lead to expansion of the various medical instruments for detection and prevention tasks. On the other hand, food safety is an important concern which relates to the public health. One of the most reliable tools to detect bioparticles (i.e., DNA molecules and proteins) and determining the authenticity of food products is the optical ring resonators. By depositing a recipient polymeric layer of target particle on the periphery of an optical ring resonator, it is possible to identify the existence of molecules by calculating the shift in the spectral response of the ring resonators...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mohammad Rezaei, Karim Khoshgard, Mehdi Mousavi
Nowadays, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as nonionizing radiation is used for cancer treatment. Basically, the function of HIFU is similar to conventional ultrasound. Ultrasound beams are perverted when crossing the border of different environments. This decreases the beam's focus within the tumor and may induce damage to the normal tissues. In this study, we aim to develop appropriate algorithms for correcting the focal point displacement duced by the beam's refraction. First, the level of displacement due to difference in two specific tissues was calculated for one element of the transducer and, then, it extended to all of the elements...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Parto Babaniamansour, Mehdi Ebrahimian-Hosseinabadi, Anousheh Zargar-Kharazi
BACKGROUND: After total hip arthroplasty, there would be some problems for the patients. Implant loosening is one of the significant problems which results in thigh pain and even revision surgery. Difference between Young's modulus of bone-metal is the cause of stress shielding, atrophy, and subsequent implant loosening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this paper, femoral stem stiffness is reduced by novel biomechanical and biomaterial design which includes using proper design parameters, coating it with porous surface, and modeling the sketch by the software...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Ameneh Rostampour, Neda Moghim, Marjan Kaedi
Wireless body area networks consist of several devices placed on the human body, sensing vital signs and providing remote recognition of health disorders. Low power consumption is crucial in these networks. A new energy-efficient topology is provided in this paper, considering relay and sensor nodes' energy consumption and network maintenance costs. In this topology design, relay nodes, placed on the cloth, are used to help the sensor nodes forwarding data to the sink. Relay nodes' situation is determined such that the relay nodes' energy consumption merges the uniform distribution...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Sheyda Bahrami, Mousa Shamsi
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a popular method to probe the functional organization of the brain using hemodynamic responses. In this method, volume images of the entire brain are obtained with a very good spatial resolution and low temporal resolution. However, they always suffer from high dimensionality in the face of classification algorithms. In this work, we combine a support vector machine (SVM) with a self-organizing map (SOM) for having a feature-based classification by using SVM. Then, a linear kernel SVM is used for detecting the active areas...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mehran Yazdi, Maryam Mohammadi
In X-ray computed tomography (CT), the presence of metal objects in a patient's body produces streak artifacts in the reconstructed images. During the past decades, many different methods were proposed for the reduction or elimination of the streaking artifacts. When scanning a patient, the projection data affected by metal objects (missing projections) appear as regions with high intensities in the sinogram. In spiral fan beam CT, these regions are sinusoid-like curves on sinogram. During the first time, if the metal curves are detected carefully, then, they can be replaced by corresponding unaffected projections using other slices or opposite views; therefore, the CT slices regenerated by the modified sonogram will be imaged with high quality...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Ehsan Imani, Ali Pourmohammad, Mahsa Bagheri, Vida Mobasheri
Independent component analysis (ICA) has been used for detecting and removing the eye artifacts conventionally. However, in this research, it was used not only for detecting the eye artifacts, but also for detecting the brain-produced signals of two conceptual danger and information category words. In this cross-sectional research, electroencephalography (EEG) signals were recorded using Micromed and 19-channel helmet devices in unipolar mode, wherein Cz electrode was selected as the reference electrode. In the first part of this research, the statistical community test case included four men and four women, who were 25-30 years old...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mark H Myers, Akaash Padmanabha
Cortical spatiotemporal signal patterns based on object recognition can be discerned from visual stimulation. These are in the form of amplitude modulation (AM) and phase modulation (PM) patterns, which contain perceptual information gathered from sensory input. A high-density Electroencephalograph (EEG) device consisting of 48 electrodes with a spacing of 5 mm was utilized to measure frontal lobe activity in order to capture event-related potentials from visual stimuli. Four randomized stimuli representing different levels of salient responsiveness were measured to determine if mild stimuli can be discerned from more extreme stimuli...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Iraj Abedi, Mohammad B Tavakkoli, Keyvan Jabbari, Alireza Amouheidari, Ghasem Yadegarfard
Radiotherapy is one of the treatment options for locally advanced prostate cancer; however, with standard radiation doses, it is not always very effective. One of the strategies to improve the efficiency of radiotherapy is increasing the dose. In this study, to increase tumor local control rates, a new radiotherapy method, known as dose painting (DP), was investigated. To compare 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans with DP for prostate cancer. Twenty-four consecutive patients with locally advanced prostate cancer who underwent an multiparametric-magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) (T2w, diffusion weighted image, dynamic contrast enhancement, and MRS) scan before a diagnostic biopsy from September 2015 to April 2016 were invited to take part in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Mojtaba Karbalaee, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Mohammad B Tavakoli
An accurate and fast radiation dose calculation is essential for successful radiation radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to implement a new graphic processing unit (GPU) based radiation therapy treatment planning for accurate and fast dose calculation in radiotherapy centers. A program was written for parallel running based on GPU. The code validation was performed by EGSnrc/DOSXYZnrc. Moreover, a semi-automatic, rotary, asymmetric phantom was designed and produced using a bone, the lung, and the soft tissue equivalent materials...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Marzieh Salimi, Kaveh Shirani Tak Abi, Hassan Ali Nedaie, Hossein Hassani, Hussain Gharaati, Mahmood Samei, Rezgar Shahi, Hamed Zarei
Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D CRT) are two treatment modalities in prostate cancer, which provide acceptable dose distribution in tumor region with sparing the surrounding normal tissues. IMRT is based on inverse planning optimization; in which, intensity of beams is modified by using multileaf collimators and also compensators with optimum shapes in step and shoot (SAS) and compensator-based method, respectively. In the recent study, some important parameters were compared in two IMRT and 3D CRT methods...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Narjes Ghane, Alireza Vard, Ardeshir Talebi, Pardis Nematollahy
Recognition of white blood cells (WBCs) is the first step to diagnose some particular diseases such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome, leukemia, and other blood-related diseases that are usually done by pathologists using an optical microscope. This process is time-consuming, extremely tedious, and expensive and needs experienced experts in this field. Thus, a computer-aided diagnosis system that assists pathologists in the diagnostic process can be so effective. Segmentation of WBCs is usually a first step in developing a computer-aided diagnosis system...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
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