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Clinical Endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817191/conversion-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-to-endoscopic-gallbladder-stenting-by-using-the-rendezvous-technique
#1
Kwangwoo Nam, Jun-Ho Choi
We report the successful conversion of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) to endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting (ETGS) with insertion of an antegrade guidewire into the duodenum. An 84-year-old man presented with severe acute cholecystitis and septic shock. He had significant comorbidities, and emergent PC was successfully performed. Subsequent ETGS was attempted but unsuccessful owing to difficulties with cystic duct cannulation. However, via the PC tract, the guidewire was passed antegradely into the duodenum, and ETGS with a double-pigtail plastic stent was successfully performed with the rendezvous technique...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817183/evaluation-and-endoscopic-management-of-esophageal-submucosal-tumor
#2
Weon Jin Ko, Ga Won Song, Joo Young Cho
Submucosal tumors (SMTs) originate from tissues that constitute the submucosal layer and muscularis propria, and are covered by normal mucosa. Esophageal SMTs are rare, accounting for <1% of all esophageal tumors. However, the recent widespread use of endoscopy has led to a rapid increase in incidental detection of SMTs in Korea. Esophageal SMTs are benign in ≥90% of cases, but the possibility of malignancies such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor and malignant leiomyosarcoma still exists. Therefore, patients undergo resection in the presence of symptoms or the possibility of a malignant tumor...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802375/endoscopic-management-of-gastrointestinal-leaks-and-bleeding-with-the-over-the-scope-clip-a-prospective-study
#3
Mahesh Kumar Goenka, Vijay Kumar Rai, Usha Goenka, Indrajit Kumar Tiwary
Background/Aims: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) is a device used for endoscopic closure of perforations, leaks and fistulas, and for endoscopic hemostasis. To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of OTSC. Methods: Between October 2013 and November 2015, 12 patients underwent OTSC placement by an experienced endoscopist. OTSC was used for the closure of gastrointestinal (GI) leaks and fistula in six patients, three of which were iatrogenic (esophageal, gastric, and duodenal) and three of which were inflammatory...
October 31, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737522/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-insertion-in-neurodegenerative-disease-a-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#4
Pamela Sarkar, Alice Cole, Neil J Scolding, Claire M Rice
Background/Aims: With the notable exceptions of dementia, stroke, and motor neuron disease, relatively little is known about the safety and utility of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube insertion in patients with neurodegenerative disease. We aimed to determine the safety and utility of PEG feeding in the context of neurodegenerative disease and to complete a literature review in order to identify whether particular factors need to be considered to improve safety and outcome...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732774/acute-gastric-injury-caused-by-undissolved-sodium-picosulfate-magnesium-citrate-powder
#5
Eun Young Ze, Chang Hwan Choi, Jeong Wook Kim
Sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) is a widely used oral bowel cleansing agent considered to be relatively safe. However, partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder may cause severe injuries of the esophagus and stomach. We report a very rare case of acute gastric injury without esophageal damage caused by the ingestion of undissolved SPMC powder. A 69-year-old man experienced epigastric pain after swallowing SPMC powder without dissolving it in water in preparation for a screening colonoscopy...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732773/persistent-nonbilious-vomiting-in-a-child-possible-duodenal-webbing
#6
Rossella Angotti, Francesco Molinaro, Giovanni Cobellis, Carmine Noviello, Caterina Bocchi, Francesco Ferrara, Edoardo Bindi, Mario Messina
An association between malrotation and congenital duodenal webbing is rare. We present our experience with four patients at two centers, and a review of published reports. There are currently 94 reported cases of duodenal pathology associated with malrotation. However, only 15 of the 94 cases (15.9%) include patients with malrotation and a duodenal web. We suggest that nonbilious vomiting in a child must prompt the surgeon to consider duodenal pathology even in the presence of malrotation.
October 12, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642849/endoscopic-ultrasound-eus-directed-transgastric-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-or-eus-mid-term-analysis-of-an-emerging-procedure
#7
Amy Tyberg, Jose Nieto, Sanjay Salgado, Kristen Weaver, Prashant Kedia, Reem Z Sharaiha, Monica Gaidhane, Michel Kahaleh
Background/Aims: Performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who have undergone Rouxen-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is challenging. Standard ERCP and enteroscopy-assisted ERCP are associated with limited success rates. Laparoscopy- or laparotomy-assisted ERCP yields improved efficacy rates, but with higher complication rates and costs. We present the first multicenter experience regarding the efficacy and safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-directed transgastric ERCP (EDGE) or EUS...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641151/mediastinal-pancreatic-pseudocysts
#8
Krzysztof Dąbkowski, Andrzej Białek, Maciej Kukla, Janusz Wójcik, Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Tomasz Grodzki, Teresa Starzyńska
Mediastinal pseudocysts are a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Lack of uniform treatment standards makes the management of this condition a clinical challenge. We report the case of a 43-year-old patient who presented with a left pleural effusion. Pleural fluid revealed a high amylase concentration consistent with a pancreaticopleural fistula. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed a disruption of the pancreatic duct with free outflow of contrast medium into the thoracic cavity...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641150/repair-of-an-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-large-duodenal-perforation-using-double-endoscopic-band-ligation-and-endoclipping
#9
Keunmo Kim, Eun Bee Kim, Yong Hyeok Choi, Youngmin Oh, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Endoscopic closure techniques have been introduced for the repair of duodenal wall perforations that occur during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We report a case of successful repair of a large duodenal wall perforation by using double endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and an endoclip. Lateral duodenal wall perforation occurred during ERCP in a 93-year-old woman with acute calculous cholangitis. We switched to a forward endoscope that had a transparent band apparatus. A 2.0-cm ovalshaped perforation was found at the lateral duodenal wall...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641149/external-validation-of-the-endoscopic-features-of-sessile-serrated-adenomas-in-expert-and-trainee-colonoscopists
#10
Hyo-Joon Yang, Jeong In Lee, Soo-Kyung Park, Yoon Suk Jung, Jin Hee Sohn, Kyu Yong Choi, Dong Il Park
Background/Aims: It is unclear whether the endoscopic features of sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) would be useful to trainee colonoscopists to predict SSA. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify features that expert and trainee colonoscopists can use to independently and reliably predict SSA by using high-resolution white-light endoscopy. Methods: Endoscopic images of 81 polyps (39 SSAs, 22 hyperplastic polyps, and 20 tubular adenomas) from 43 patients were retrospectively evaluated by 10 colonoscopists (four experts and six trainees)...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894188/challenges-of-endoscopic-management-of-pancreaticobiliary-complications-in-surgically-altered-gastrointestinal-anatomy
#11
REVIEW
Tin Moe Wai, Eun Young Kim
Pancreaticobiliary complications following various surgical procedures, including liver transplantation, are not uncommon and are important causes of morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic endoscopy plays a substantial role in these patients and can help to avoid the need for reoperation. However, the endoscopic approach in patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy is technically challenging because of the difficulty in entering the enteral limb to reach the target orifice to manage pancreaticobiliary complications...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894187/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-pancreatobiliary-endoscopy-in-surgically-altered-anatomy
#12
REVIEW
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Linda S Lee
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become the mainstay of therapy for pancreatobiliary diseases. While ERCP is safe and highly effective in the general population, the procedure remains challenging or impossible in patients with surgically altered anatomy (SAA). Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) allows transmural access to the bile or pancreatic duct (PD) prior to ductal drainage using ERCP-based techniques. Also known as endosonography-guided cholangiopancreatography (ESCP), the procedure provides multiple advantages over overtube-assisted enteroscopy ERCP or percutaneous or surgical approaches...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894186/what-is-the-mean-procedure-time-to-optimize-colonoscopy
#13
Taehyun Kim, Beom Jae Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894185/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-post-gastrectomy-patients
#14
REVIEW
Chang-Hwan Park
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in post-gastrectomy patients with Billroth II (BII) reconstruction and Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction presents a challenge to therapeutic endoscopists. Major difficulties, including intubation to the ampulla of Vater, selective cannulation, and ampullary intervention, must be overcome in these patients. Recent data have shown that device-assisted ERCP allows for high success rates in these patients because various devices are useful for overcoming major difficulties...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853129/is-endoscopic-ultrasonography-adequate-for-the-diagnosis-of-gastric-schwannomas
#15
Eun Jeong Gong, Kee Don Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842437/the-importance-of-an-endoscopic-quality-assessment-program-reflecting-real-practice
#16
In Kyung Yoo, Yoon Tae Jeen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838918/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-bilioenteric-anastomosis
#17
REVIEW
Eun Taek Park
For diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is useful method nowadays and its technically success rate is usually in about 90%-95% of patients with normal gastric and pancreaticobiliary anatomy. Recently ERCP is significantly challenging after intestinal reconstruction, particularly in patients who have undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD, classic Whipple's operation) or pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) with reconstruction...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832684/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-and-the-brain-microbiota-in-neurological-diseases
#18
Marco Ruggiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737521/giant-brunner-s-gland-hamartoma-of-the-duodenal-bulb-presenting-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-obstruction
#19
Ju Hyoung Lee, Kyeong Min Jo, Tae Oh Kim, Jong Ha Park, Seung Hyun Park, Jae Won Jung, So Chong Hur, Sung Yeun Yang
Brunner's gland hamartomas are small benign lesions that are most commonly found in the bulb of the duodenum. They are very uncommon, and most are found incidentally during upper gastrointestinal series or esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The lesions tend to be asymptomatic, but patients may present with symptoms of duodenal obstruction or hemorrhage secondary to ulceration. Histologically, a Brunner's gland hamartoma consists of the components of Brunner's gland cells, as well as glandular, adipose and muscle cells...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642850/percutaneous-transhepatic-cholangioscopy-in-bilioenteric-anastomosis-stricture
#20
REVIEW
Hyoung-Chul Oh
Bilioenteric anastomosis strictures are a serious complication of biliary surgery, and often result in recurrent cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, biliary cirrhosis, and hepatic failure. Bilioenteric reconstructive surgery is the standard treatment of choice for such complications. However, percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS), also known as per-oral endoscopic-guided intervention, is a less invasive procedure that is becoming an increasingly popular alternative. This review describes the PTCS procedure (including the preparation process), as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic role of PTCS in bilioenteric anastomosis strictures...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
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