journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioral Sciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338631/death-of-an-ex-spouse-lessons-in-family-communication-about-disenfranchised-grief
#1
Jillian A Tullis
The death of a loved one is an emotional-laden experience, and while grief and mourning rituals are less formal today in many communities, there remain some social norms for individuals to process loss. The death of an ex-family member, such as a former spouse, is more complicated and expectations for how to respond are fraught with uncertainty. While grief has been studied and is primarily understood as an individual cognitive process, scholars in sociology and communication are considering the ways in which grief and mourning are social and take place in dialogue with others...
March 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335501/communication-matters-exploring-the-intersection-of-family-and-practitioner-end-of-life-communication
#2
Leah M Omilion-Hodges, Nathan M Swords
After establishing a baseline understanding of some of the factors that influence and shape family end of life communication, empirical research centered on the communication tendencies of nationally-recognized palliative care clinicians is presented. Because death is no longer confined to the bedroom and individuals are increasingly turning to hospitals and health care institutes to assist with end of life, the role of palliative care practitioners is vital. To that end, common communication-rooted issues that may transpire among various medical personnel are explored...
March 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335460/neuropsychology-of-aesthetic-judgment-of-ambiguous-and-non-ambiguous-artworks
#4
Maddalena Boccia, Sonia Barbetti, Laura Piccardi, Cecilia Guariglia, Anna Maria Giannini
Several affective and cognitive processes have been found to be pivotal in affecting aesthetic experience of artworks and both neuropsychological as well as psychiatric symptoms have been found to affect artistic production. However, there is a paucity of studies directly investigating effects of brain lesions on aesthetic judgment. Here, we assessed the effects of unilateral brain damage on aesthetic judgment of artworks showing part/whole ambiguity. We asked 19 unilaterally brain-damaged patients (10 left and 9 right brain damaged patients, respectively LBDP and RBDP) and 20 age- and education-matched healthy individuals (controls, C) to rate 10 Arcimboldo's ambiguous portraits (AP), 10 realistic Renaissance portraits (RP), 10 still life paintings (SL), and 10 Arcimboldo's modified portraits where only objects/parts are detectable (AO)...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257110/cancer-communication-and-family-caregiver-quality-of-life
#5
Elaine Wittenberg, Tami Borneman, Marianna Koczywas, Catherine Del Ferraro, Betty Ferrell
Family caregivers have enormous communication responsibilities tied to caregiving, such as sharing the patient's medical history with providers, relaying diagnosis and prognosis to other family members, and making decisions about care with the patient. While caregiver stress and burden has been widely documented in the caregiving literature, little is known about how communication burden, real or perceived communication challenges, impacts caregiver quality of life. In family caregiving, the City of Hope (COH) Quality of Life model proposes that the caregiving experience is reciprocal to the patient experience, impacting physical, social, psychological, and spiritual quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257036/investigating-philosophies-underpinning-dietetic-private-practice
#6
Claudia Harper, Judith Maher
There is limited theory or knowledge regarding dietitians' practice philosophies and how these philosophies are generated and incorporated into their professional practices. For the purposes of this study, a conceptual framework will explain and define the 'philosophies' as three different types of knowledge; episteme, techne, and phronesis. This study aimed to develop an explanatory theory of how dietitians in private practice source, utilise, and integrate practice philosophies. A grounded theory qualitative methodology was used to inform the sampling strategy, data collection, and analytical processes...
March 1, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264484/early-maladaptive-schemas-and-cognitive-distortions-in-adults-with-morbid-obesity-relationships-with-mental-health-status
#7
Felipe Q da Luz, Amanda Sainsbury, Phillipa Hay, Jessica A Roekenes, Jessica Swinbourne, Dhiordan C da Silva, Margareth da S Oliveira
Dysfunctional cognitions may be associated with unhealthy eating behaviors seen in individuals with obesity. However, dysfunctional cognitions commonly occur in individuals with poor mental health independently of weight. We examined whether individuals with morbid obesity differed with regard to dysfunctional cognitions when compared to individuals of normal weight, when mental health status was controlled for. 111 participants-53 with morbid obesity and 58 of normal weight-were assessed with the Mini-Mental State Examination, Young Schema Questionnaire, Cognitive Distortions Questionnaire, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, and a Demographic and Clinical Questionnaire...
February 28, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230736/measuring-experiential-avoidance-evidence-toward-multidimensional-predictors-of-trauma-sequelae
#8
Meaghan Lewis, Amy Naugle
The current study sought to investigate measurement discrepancies in self-report assessment of experiential avoidance (EA). Recent research indicates that EA may be more appropriately conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, operationally defined in terms of specific avoidance strategies. To test this notion, EA was measured using two self-report assessment instruments, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) in a convenience sample of university students...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218641/the-role-of-personality-traits-through-habit-and-intention-on-determining-future-preferences-of-public-transport-use
#9
Mahdi Yazdanpanah, Mansour Hadji Hosseinlou
A complex set of factors may affect transportation mode choice. While earlier studies have often considered objective factors in determining preferences of public transport use as a sustainable transportation, subjective factors such as personality traits are underexplored. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the influence of personality traits on the number of future public transport use. Additionally, "car habit" and "intention toward using public modes" were considered to be important. For this purpose, a case study from departure passengers at Imam Khomeini International Airport (IKIA, Tehran, Iran) was conducted between January and February 2015 at IKIA...
February 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208816/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-dsm-5-controversy-change-and-conceptual-considerations
#10
REVIEW
Anushka Pai, Alina M Suris, Carol S North
The criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD have changed considerably with the newest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Changes to the diagnostic criteria from the DSM-IV to DSM-5 include: the relocation of PTSD from the anxiety disorders category to a new diagnostic category named "Trauma and Stressor-related Disorders", the elimination of the subjective component to the definition of trauma, the explication and tightening of the definitions of trauma and exposure to it, the increase and rearrangement of the symptoms criteria, and changes in additional criteria and specifiers...
February 13, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208690/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-hardship-and-child-maltreatment-using-data-from-the-ontario-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect-2013-ois-2013
#11
Rachael Lefebvre, Barbara Fallon, Melissa Van Wert, Joanne Filippelli
There is strong evidence that poverty and economic disadvantage are associated with child maltreatment; however, research in this area is underdeveloped in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between economic hardship and maltreatment for families and children identified to the Ontario child protection system for a maltreatment concern. Secondary analyses of the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013) were conducted. The OIS-2013 examines the incidence of reported maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013...
February 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146045/social-support-behaviors-and-work-stressors-among-nurses-a-comparative-study-between-teaching-and-non-teaching-hospitals
#12
Basil Hameed Amarneh
PURPOSE: The concept of "work stressors" has been well studied. However, in the field of nursing, studies concerning social support behaviors are limited. The aim of this study was to compare nurse work stressors, social support behaviors, and predictors of these variables among nurses in Jordanian teaching and non-teaching hospitals. DESIGN: A convenience sampling technique and a comparative quantitative research design were used in the current study. Two hundred and ninety-one nurses were recruited from five teaching hospitals, and 172 were recruited from eight non-teaching hospitals in Jordan...
January 29, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106818/potential-benefits-and-harms-of-intermittent-energy-restriction-and-intermittent-fasting-amongst-obese-overweight-and-normal-weight-subjects-a-narrative-review-of-human-and-animal-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Michelle Harvie, Anthony Howell
Intermittent energy restriction (IER) has become popular as a means of weight control amongst people who are overweight and obese, and is also undertaken by normal weight people hoping spells of marked energy restriction will optimise their health. This review summarises randomised comparisons of intermittent and isoenergetic continuous energy restriction for weight loss to manage overweight and obesity. It also summarises the potential beneficial or adverse effects of IER on body composition, adipose stores and metabolic effects from human studies, including studies amongst normal weight subjects and relevant animal experimentation...
January 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036091/poverty-related-adversity-and-emotion-regulation-predict-internalizing-behavior-problems-among-low-income-children-ages-8-11
#14
C Cybele Raver, Amanda L Roy, Emily Pressler, Alexandra M Ursache, Dana Charles McCoy
The current study examines the additive and joint roles of chronic poverty-related adversity and three candidate neurocognitive processes of emotion regulation (ER)-including: (i) attention bias to threat (ABT); (ii) accuracy of facial emotion appraisal (FEA); and (iii) negative affect (NA)-for low-income, ethnic minority children's internalizing problems (N = 338). Children were enrolled in the current study from publicly funded preschools, with poverty-related adversity assessed at multiple time points from early to middle childhood...
December 29, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036066/dsm-nosology-changes-in-neuropsychological-diagnoses-through-the-years-a-look-at-adhd-and-mild-neurocognitive-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Anne R Carlew, Andrea L Zartman
This article discusses the evolution of modern neuropsychology as a field and the concomitant changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Themes in neuropsychology through the years will be highlighted alongside discussion of how neuropsychologists and neuropsychological research have influenced and have been influenced by the DSM. The DSM 5 attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and mild neurocognitive disorder will be used as examples to reflect the evolution of the disorders in relation to neuropsychology and the DSM...
December 29, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983615/peripheral-inflammatory-markers-contributing-to-comorbidities-in-autism
#16
Martha Cecilia Inga Jácome, Lilia Maria Morales Chacòn, Hector Vera Cuesta, Carlos Maragoto Rizo, Mabel Whilby Santiesteban, Lesyanis Ramos Hernandez, Elena Noris García, Maria Elena González Fraguela, Caridad Ivette Fernandez Verdecia, Yamilé Vegas Hurtado, Dario Siniscalco, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves, Maria de Los Angeles Robinson-Agramonte
This study evaluates the contribution of peripheral biomarkers to comorbidities and clinical findings in autism. Seventeen autistic children and age-matched typically developing (AMTD), between three to nine years old were evaluated. The diagnostic followed the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition (DMS-IV) and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was applied to classify the severity. Cytokine profile was evaluated in plasma using a sandwich type ELISA. Paraclinical events included electroencephalography (EEG) record...
December 14, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973443/sex-specific-effects-of-childhood-poverty-on-neurocircuitry-of-processing-of-emotional-cues-a-neuroimaging-study
#17
Arash Javanbakht, Pilyoung Kim, James E Swain, Gary W Evans, K Luan Phan, Israel Liberzon
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence on the negative impacts of childhood poverty on physical and mental health. Previous work has suggested hyperactive neural response to social fear cues, as well as impairment in neural regulatory functions. However, despite differences found between males and females in stress-related and anxiety disorders, possible sex-specific effects of poverty on emotional processing have not been explored. METHODS: We analyzed data from three previously reported experiments of childhood poverty effects on emotional processing and regulation, for sex-specific effects...
December 12, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916874/advances-in-animal-cognition
#18
EDITORIAL
Jennifer Vonk
This editorial endorses a diverse approach to the study of animal cognition and emphasizes the theoretical and applied gains that can be made by embracing this approach. This diversity emerges from cross-talk among scientists trained in a variety of backgrounds and theoretical approaches, who study a variety of topics with a range of species. By shifting from an anthropocentric focus on humans and our closest living relatives, and the historic reliance on the lab rat or pigeon, modern students of animal cognition have uncovered many fascinating facets of cognition in species ranging from insects to carnivores...
November 30, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916826/bramlett-parker-j-washburn-d-a-can-rhesus-monkey-learn-executive-attention-behav-sci-2016-6-11
#19
Jessica Bramlett-Parker, David A Washburn
n/a.
November 29, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879623/dynamic-duos-jamaican-fruit-bats-artibeus-jamaicensis-do-not-show-prosocial-behavior-in-a-release-paradigm
#20
Eric Hoffmaster, Jennifer Vonk
Once thought to be uniquely human, prosocial behavior has been observed in a number of species, including vampire bats that engage in costly food-sharing. Another social chiropteran, Jamaican fruit bats (Artibeus jamaicensis), have been observed to engage in cooperative mate guarding, and thus might be expected to display prosocial behavior as well. However, frugivory and hematophagy diets may impose different selection pressures on prosocial preferences, given that prosocial preferences may depend upon cognitive abilities selected by different ecological constraints...
November 20, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
journal
journal
43920
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"