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Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349416/the-effect-of-cannabis-exposure-on-pubertal-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
E Danielle Sims, Sama Anvari, Yung Lee, Zainab Samaan, Laura Banfield, Lehana Thabane, M Constantine Samaan
Purpose: Several countries are legalizing the use of medicinal cannabis and easing restrictions on its recreational use. While adults have been the primary target of these initiatives, expanding access to cannabis will likely lead to increased use by children. While the effects of cannabis on pediatric neuropsychological and mental health outcomes have been broadly studied, there are limited data on the physical health effects of cannabis, including endocrine health. Animal studies have shown that chronic cannabis use leads to delayed sexual maturation; however, its effects on pubertal outcomes in children are not well studied...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310338/online-information-and-support-needs-of-young-people-with-cancer-a-participatory-action-research-study
#2
Sarah Lea, Ana Martins, Sue Morgan, Jamie Cargill, Rachel M Taylor, Lorna A Fern
Purpose: The Internet is a fully integrated part of young people's life and it is pivotal that online resources are developed to maximize the potential of the Internet to support those living with and beyond cancer. We sought to understand how young people with a cancer diagnosis use the Internet and to what extent information and support needs are met by existing online resources. Patients and methods: This was a participatory action research study involving 21 young people participating in workshops and individual interviews...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214370/an-economic-examination-of-private-insurance-claims-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-were-enrolled-in-hospice-during-the-last-year-of-life
#3
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Austin C Cohrs, Lisa C Lindley, Douglas L Leslie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate baseline data on the health characteristics, health care utilization, and health care spending among privately insured adolescents and young adults (AYA), who were enrolled in hospice care during their last year of life. Methods: A retrospective, nonexperimental design was used to collect and analyze longitudinal claims data from the Truven Health MarketScan™ database. The sample included AYA (aged 15-24 years) who utilized hospice during their last year of life...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127650/eating-disorders-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-males-prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategies
#4
REVIEW
Christine A Limbers, L Adelyn Cohen, Bethany A Gray
Males have largely been underrepresented in the eating disorder (ED) peer-reviewed literature. The current review paper examines prevalence rates, ED symptom presentation, and assessment and treatment strategies relevant to adolescent and young adult males. Adolescent and young adult males often report a greater desire to be bigger and more muscular compared to their female counterparts. Due to concerns that contemporary ED assessment tools are over reliant on items that evaluate stereotypically feminine indicators of ED pathology, male-specific ED measures, such as the Eating Disorder Assessment for Men, have been developed...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104913/clinical-utility-of-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-and-children-with-hepatitis-c
#5
REVIEW
Christine Hong Ting Yang, Aparna Goel, Aijaz Ahmed
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 0.1%-2% of the pediatric population in the United States. While the clinical course in young children is indolent, adolescents who contract HCV have a disease course similar to adults, with a 26-fold increased risk of chronic liver disease-associated mortality, hepatocellular carcinoma, and need for curative liver transplantation. Furthermore, adolescent patients are entering childbearing age and carry a risk of passing HCV to their offspring via vertical transmission...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988773/effect-of-an-educational-program-on-adolescent-premenstrual-syndrome-lessons-from-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#6
Takashi Takeda, Masami Shiina
Background: Catastrophic disasters such as great earthquakes cause tremendous physical and mental damage. We previously reported that the Great East Japan Earthquake worsened premenstrual symptoms among adolescent girls in the disaster-stricken area. Objectives: We reanalyzed these data to determine the positive effects of education on premenstrual symptoms. Materials and methods: Annual school-based surveys about premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) have been conducted in Sendai since 2009...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942170/perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-clinical-trials-in-adolescent-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
Victoria Forcina, Branavan Vakeesan, Chelsea Paulo, Laura Mitchell, Jennifer Ah Bell, Seline Tam, Kate Wang, Abha A Gupta, Jeremy Lewin
Purpose: Although cancer clinical trials (CT) offer opportunities for novel treatments that may lead to improved outcomes, adolescents and young adults (AYA) are less likely to participate in these trials as compared to younger children and older adults. We aimed to identify the perceptions and attitudes toward CT in AYA that influence trial participation. Materials and methods: A systematic review of cancer literature was conducted that assessed perceptions and attitudes toward CT enrollment limited to AYA patients (defined as age 15-39)...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750063/adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-aspects-of-adherence-a-questionnaire-study
#8
Anne Marie Kleinke, Carl Friedrich Classen
Purpose: For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), a cancer diagnosis represents an extraordinary strike in a vulnerable phase of life. They have special needs that the medical system has to take into consideration, and they exhibit a lower degree of therapy adherence than both older and younger patients. The purpose of this study was first to analyze the adherence of AYAs with cancer compared to a group of older patients and, second, to determine correlated parameters, with focus on the psychosocial interaction between physicians and patients...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731672/what-does-it-mean-to-be-youth-friendly-results-from-qualitative-interviews-with-health-care-providers-and-clinic-staff-serving-youth-and-young-adults-living-with-hiv
#9
Parya Saberi, Kristin Ming, Carol Dawson-Rose
Purpose: Given the consistent associations between younger age and numerous suboptimal clinical outcomes, there is a critical need for more research in youth living with human immunodeficiency virus (YLWH) and tailoring of health care delivery to the unique and complex needs of this population. The objective of this study was to examine the facilitators of and barriers to engagement in care among YLHW at the system and provider/staff level, as well as the barriers to using technology-based forms of communication with YLWH to improve retention and engagement in care...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588625/duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy-in-adolescents-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer G Andrews, Richard A Wahl
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are life-limiting and progressive neuromuscular conditions with significant comorbidities, many of which manifest during adolescence. BMD is a milder presentation of the condition and much less prevalent than DMD, making it less represented in the literature, or more severely affected individuals with BMD may be subsumed into the DMD population using clinical cutoffs. Numerous consensus documents have been published on the clinical management of DMD, the most recent of which was released in 2010...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535564/gambling-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-new-developments-and-treatment-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Georgios D Floros
Research on adolescence gambling over the past twenty years has revealed significant incidence and prevalence rates and highlighted the possible negative effects on an adolescent's well-being. Several risk and protective factors have also been identified. Over the course of the past few years, technological advances have heralded the advent of new avenues for gambling as well as new opportunities to gamble without any direct monetary exchange. This review article examines those established trends as well as the new issues that we are faced with, in order to accurately portray the current challenges in research, prevention, and treatment...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535563/gender-dysphoria-in-adolescence-current-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hannah Bergman, Marja Työläjärvi, Louise Frisén
Increasing numbers of adolescents are seeking treatment at gender identity services in Western countries. An increasingly accepted treatment model that includes puberty suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs starting during the early stages of puberty, cross-sex hormonal treatment starting at ~16 years of age and possibly surgical treatments in legal adulthood, is often indicated for adolescents with childhood gender dysphoria (GD) that intensifies during puberty. However, virtually nothing is known regarding adolescent-onset GD, its progression and factors that influence the completion of the developmental tasks of adolescence among young people with GD and/or transgender identity...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379325/a-narrative-review-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-adolescence-prevalence-impact-and-psychological-treatment-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Eleonora Marzilli, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino
Binge eating disorder (BED) represents one of the most problematic clinical conditions among youths. Research has shown that the developmental stage of adolescence is a critical stage for the onset of eating disorders (EDs), with a peak prevalence of BED at the age of 16-17 years. Several studies among adults with BED have underlined that it is associated with a broad spectrum of negative consequences, including higher concern about shape and weight, difficulties in social functioning, and emotional-behavioral problems...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379324/bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-treatment-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Lisa Hail, Daniel Le Grange
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a serious psychiatric illness that typically develops during adolescence or young adulthood, rendering adolescents a target for early intervention. Despite the increasing research devoted to the treatment of youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) and adults with BN, there remains a dearth of evidence for treating younger individuals with BN. To date, there have been four published randomized controlled trials comparing psychosocial treatments, leaving significant room to improve treatment outcomes...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296104/addressing-the-dual-health-epidemics-of-hiv-and-sexual-abuse-among-children-and-adolescents-in-kenya-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#15
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238237/adolescent-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-current-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Daisy Maria Machado, Alexandre Machado de Sant'Anna Carvalho, Rachel Riera
Adolescents are a critical population that is disproportionately impacted by the HIV epidemic. More than 2 million adolescents between the age group of 10 and 19 years are living with HIV, and millions are at risk of infection. HIV risks are considerably higher among girls, especially in high-prevalence settings such as eastern and southern Africa. In addition to girls, there are other vulnerable adolescent subgroups, such as teenagers, who use intravenous (IV) drugs, gay and bisexual boys, transgender youth, male sex workers, and people who fall into more than one of these categories...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184458/update-on-the-management-of-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-role-of-il-1-and-il-6-inhibition
#17
REVIEW
Sriharsha Grevich, Susan Shenoi
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) is a disease marked with arthritis and several features of systemic inflammation including fevers, rashes, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and serositis. The presentation can be variable and arthritis can be a later feature. Macrophage activation syndrome can be a life-threatening complication of this illness and requires early recognition and prompt therapy. Advancements in understanding the biology of SJIA have led to the development of cytokine-targeted therapies, mainly interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 inhibitors that have significantly improved outcomes...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133985/effects-of-immediate-postpartum-contraceptive-counseling-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-adolescents
#18
Kasemsis Kaewkiattikun
Background: Adolescent pregnancy is a global public health problem, particularly repeated pregnancy. The best strategy to lower prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and repeated pregnancy is promoting highly effective long-acting contraceptive methods along with special counseling programs. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the ideal contraceptive of choice for adolescents. It is not known whether immediate postpartum contraceptive counseling increases postpartum LARC use in adolescents...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989289/epidemiology-diagnosis-and-optimal-management-of-glioma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
REVIEW
Tejan P Diwanji, Alexander Engelman, James W Snider, Pranshu Mohindra
Neoplasms of the central nervous system (CNS) are the most frequently encountered solid tumors of childhood, but are less common in adolescents and young adults (AYA), aged 15-39 years. Gliomas account for 29%-35% of the CNS tumors in AYA, with approximately two-thirds being low-grade glioma (LGG) and the remaining being high-grade glioma (HGG). We review the epidemiology, work-up, and management of LGG and HGG, focusing on the particular issues faced by the AYA population relative to pediatric and adult populations...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883748/the-predictive-effect-of-medical-illnesses-for-mental-health-care-in-adolescence-a-register-based-study
#20
Max Karukivi, Kirsi-Maria Haapasalo-Pesu
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a developmentally sensitive stage, during which a medical illness may have an effect on individual development, and vice versa. Chronic medical illnesses in adolescents have been associated with psychiatric symptoms. The aim of the present register-based pilot study was to assess whether, and to what extent, different medical diagnoses predict subsequent use of mental health services among adolescents. METHODS: The study material comprised data on visits to a pediatric clinic by 12- to 16-year-old adolescent patients over a period of 5 years...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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