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Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#1
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799838/strategies-to-optimize-treatment-adherence-in-adolescent-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
REVIEW
Lara C Bishay, Gregory S Sawicki
While development of new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF) has led to a significant improvement in survival age, routine daily treatment for CF is complex, burdensome, and time intensive. Adolescence is a period of decline in pulmonary function in CF, and is also a time when adherence to prescribed treatment plans for CF tends to decrease. Challenges to adherence in adolescents with CF include decreased parental involvement, time management and significant treatment burden, and adolescent perceptions of the necessity and value of the treatments prescribed...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757057/contraceptive-knowledge-sexual-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-contraceptive-use-among-female-undergraduate-university-students-in-kilimanjaro-region-in-tanzania
#3
Mussa N Sweya, Sia E Msuya, Michael J Mahande, Rachel Manongi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that knowledge of contraceptives, especially among the youth in universities, remains limited, and the rate of premarital sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies, and illegal abortions remains higher among university students. This study aimed to assess contraceptive knowledge, sexual behavior, and factors associated with contraceptive use among female undergraduate university students in Kilimanjaro region in Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from May to June 2015 among undergraduate female students in four universities in Kilimanjaro region...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695378/improving-self-regulation-in-adolescents-current-evidence-for-the-role-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy
#4
Carisa Perry-Parrish, Nikeea Copeland-Linder, Lindsey Webb, Ashley H Shields, Erica Ms Sibinga
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was introduced in 1995 to address the problem of recurrent depression. MBCT is based on the notion that meditation helps individuals effectively deploy and regulate attention to effectively manage and treat a range of psychological symptoms, including emotional responses to stress, anxiety, and depression. Several studies demonstrate that mindfulness approaches can effectively reduce negative emotional reactions that result from and/or exacerbate psychiatric difficulties and exposure to stressors among children, adolescents, and their parents...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616895/victimization-polyvictimization-and-health-in-swedish-adolescents
#5
Nikolas Aho, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund, Carl Göran Svedin
The main objective of this article was to study the relationship between the different areas of victimization (eg, sexual victimization) and psychological symptoms, taking into account the full range of victimization domains. The final aim was to contribute further evidence regarding the bias that studies that focus on just one area of victimization may be introduced into our psychological knowledge. The sample included 5,960 second-year high school students in Sweden with a mean age of 17.3 years (range =16-20 years, standard deviation =0...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390536/epilepsy-addressing-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#6
REVIEW
Seetha Rajendran, Anand Iyer
Adolescence is a period of rapid change, both physical and psychosocial for any young person. It can be challenging when they have ongoing health problems and when their care needs to be transitioned to the adult health care system. Transition should be a planned process of addressing the medical and associated comorbid conditions from pediatric to adult care in a coordinated manner. In most cases, the young person and their family are well known to the pediatrics services and have built a relationship based on trust and often friendship over many years...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186150/deaf-adolescents-in-a-hearing-world-a-review-of-factors-affecting-psychosocial-adaptation
#7
REVIEW
Patrick J Brice, Gillie Strauss
Adolescence has long been viewed as a time of rapid change in many domains including physical, cognitive, and social. Adolescents must adapt based on developing skills and needs and acclimate to growing environmental pressures. Deaf adolescents are often faced with the additional challenge of managing these adaptations in a hearing world, where communication and access to information, especially about their social world, are incomplete at best and nonexistent at worst. This article discusses the research on several factors that influence a deaf adolescent's adaptation, including quality of life, self-concept, and identity development...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186149/psychological-predictors-of-headache-remission-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Marcel Carasco, Birgit Kröner-Herwig
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies on headaches often focus on the identification of risk factors for headache occurrence or "chronification". This study in particular examines psychological variables as potential predictors of headache remission in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data on biological, social, and psychological variables were gathered by questionnaire as part of a large population-based study (N=5,474). Children aged 9 to 15 years who suffered from weekly headaches were selected for this study sample, N=509...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103845/using-mobile-technology-to-promote-safe-sex-and-sexual-health-in-adolescents-current-practices-and-future-recommendations
#9
REVIEW
Judith B Cornelius, Josephine A Appiah
Youth and young adults (19-24 years of age) shoulder the burden of sexually transmitted infections accounting for nearly half of all new infections annually. Mobile technology is one way that we have reached this population with safer sex information but challenges exist with the delivery process. The literature between 2010 and 2015 was reviewed for data on safe sex and sexual health information delivered using mobile cell phone devices. A search for relevant databases revealed that 17 articles met our inclusion criteria...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099539/adverse-obstetrical-and-perinatal-outcome-in-adolescent-mothers-associated-with-first-birth-a-hospital-based-case-control-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-east-india
#10
Robin Medhi, Banani Das, Arpana Das, Mansur Ahmed, Sonika Bawri, Suditi Rai
PURPOSE: To analyze the adverse obstetrical and perinatal outcome of adolescent mothers associated with first birth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective case-control study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North-East India between January 2014 and December 2014. All adolescent primigravidae completing 28 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancy and delivered at our institution were included in the study group. Primigravidae aged between 20 and 25 years were taken as a control group...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955297/the-epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-late-adolescence
#11
REVIEW
Darren D Lynn, Tamara Umari, Cory A Dunnick, Robert P Dellavalle
IMPORTANCE: Acne vulgaris is the most common skin condition affecting late adolescents across the globe. Although prior studies have evaluated epidemiologic patterns of acne vulgaris in various ethnicities and regions, adequate understanding of the worldwide burden of the disease associated with patients in their late adolescence (15-19-year olds) remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the global burden of the disease associated with acne vulgaris for late adolescents (15-19-year olds) and provide an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options for acne in this population...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929674/reducing-the-risk-of-music-induced-hearing-loss-from-overuse-of-portable-listening-devices-understanding-the-problems-and-establishing-strategies-for-improving-awareness-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Cory Df Portnuff
Hearing loss from the overuse of portable listening devices (PLDs), such as MP3 players or iPods, is of great concern in the popular media. This review aims to discuss the current state of scientific knowledge about music-induced hearing loss from PLD use. This report evaluates the literature on the risk to hearing from PLD use, the individual and psychological factors that influence PLD usage, and strategies for reducing exposure to music through PLDs. Specific interventions are reviewed, and several recommendations for designing interventions and for individual intervention in clinical practice are presented...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811695/differences-in-sexual-behavior-health-and-history-of-child-abuse-among-school-students-who-had-and-had-not-engaged-in-sexual-activity-by-the-age-of-18-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Åsa A Kastbom, Gunilla Sydsjö, Marie Bladh, Gisela Priebe, Carl Göran Svedin
BACKGROUND: Empirical research about late sexual debut and its consequences is limited, and further research is needed. OBJECTIVE: To explore how students who had not had intercourse by the age of 18 years differed in terms of sociodemographic factors, physical and psychological health, sexual behavior, and history of sexual abuse from those who had. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey involving 3,380 Swedish 18-year-olds...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26719736/anemia-and-iron-deficiency-among-school-adolescents-burden-severity-and-determinant-factors-in-southwest-ethiopia
#14
Melkam Tesfaye, Tilahun Yemane, Wondimagegn Adisu, Yaregal Asres, Lealem Gedefaw
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is the period of most rapid growth second to childhood. The physical and physiological changes that occur in adolescents place a great demand on their nutritional requirements and make them more vulnerable to anemia. Anemia in the adolescence causes reduced physical and mental capacity and diminished concentration in work and educational performance, and also poses a major threat to future safe motherhood in girls. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among school adolescents in Bonga Town, southwest Ethiopia...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543386/development-of-hypertension-in-overweight-adolescents-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca K Kelly, Costan G Magnussen, Matthew A Sabin, Michael Cheung, Markus Juonala
The upward trend in adolescent hypertension is widely attributed to the adolescent obesity epidemic. Secular trends in adolescent prehypertension and hypertension have risen in congruence with increasing trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. The correlation between body mass index and blood pressure in adolescence is moderate to strong in most studies and strongest in those classified as overweight or obese. The mechanisms relating to the development of hypertension in overweight adolescents are unclear; however, a number of nonmodifiable and modifiable factors have been implicated...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457059/a-comparative-study-of-propranolol-versus-silver-nitrate-cautery-in-the-treatment-of-recurrent-primary-epistaxis-in-children
#16
Ahmed E Ahmed, Essam A Abo El-Magd, Gamal M Hasan, Osama M El-Asheer
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is a common medical problem in pediatric population. Although in most cases it is mild and self-limiting, a proportion of childhood epistaxis is massive, recurrent, or resistant to conventional management. OBJECTIVE: To compare effectiveness of propranolol as a treatment option for childhood epistaxis versus conventional silver nitrate cautery. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: This is a prospective interventional comparative study that was carried out during a period of 1 year (January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013) at Qena University Hospital and Assiut University Children's Hospital...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366109/breast-fibroadenomas-in-adolescents-current-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Michelle Lee, Hooman T Soltanian
Fibroadenomas are one of the most common benign tumors of the breast in the adolescent population. They account for 68% of all breast masses and 44%-94% of all biopsied breast lesions. Fibroadenomas can range from asymptomatic masses to painful and rapidly growing tumors that can cause significant esthetic distortions of the breast. Given the prevalence of fibroadenomas in the adolescent population and the psychosocial morbidity of finding a mass in the adolescent breast, it is imperative for physicians treating adolescent patients to be familiar and up to date with this disease process...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347007/weight-status-and-body-image-perceptions-in-adolescents-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Dana K Voelker, Justine J Reel, Christy Greenleaf
Adolescence represents a pivotal stage in the development of positive or negative body image. Many influences exist during the teen years including transitions (eg, puberty) that affect one's body shape, weight status, and appearance. Weight status exists along a spectrum between being obese (ie, where one's body weight is in the 95th percentile for age and gender) to being underweight. Salient influences on body image include the media, which can target adolescents, and peers who help shape beliefs about the perceived body ideal...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316835/a-review-of-mobile-applications-to-help-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients
#19
REVIEW
Kimberly M Wesley, Philip J Fizur
OBJECTIVE: To review research articles utilizing mobile applications with adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified articles via online searches and reference lists (eg, PsycInfo, PubMed). Articles were reviewed by two study team members for target population, stated purpose, technological utilization, sample size, demographic characteristics, and outcome data. Strengths and weaknesses of each study were described. RESULTS: Of 19 identified manuscripts, six met full inclusion criteria for this review (four smartphone applications and two tablet applications)...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316834/controlling-myopia-progression-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Molly J Smith, Jeffrey J Walline
Myopia is a common disorder, affecting approximately one-third of the US population and over 90% of the population in some East Asian countries. High amounts of myopia are associated with an increased risk of sight-threatening problems, such as retinal detachment, choroidal degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma. Slowing the progression of myopia could potentially benefit millions of children in the USA. To date, few strategies used for myopia control have proven to be effective. Treatment options such as undercorrection of myopia, gas permeable contact lenses, and bifocal or multifocal spectacles have all been proven to be ineffective for myopia control, although one recent randomized clinical trial using executive top bifocal spectacles on children with progressive myopia has shown to decrease the progression to nearly half of the control subjects...
2015: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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