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Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652838/pregnancy-outcomes-in-younger-and-older-adolescent-mothers-with-severe-preeclampsia
#2
Priscila E Parra-Pingel, Luis A Quisiguiña-Avellán, Luis Hidalgo, Peter Chedraui, Faustino R Pérez-López
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers are at higher risk for preeclampsia, but the effect of their age on the outcome of the pregnancy complication is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal outcomes among singleton adolescent pregnancies complicated with severe preeclampsia in a low-income-setting hospital and compare results according to age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal and neonatal outcomes of 213 adolescent mothers complicated with severe preeclampsia delivering at the Enrique C...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615982/family-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-current-insights
#3
REVIEW
Renee D Rienecke
Eating disorders are serious illnesses associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as an effective intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and preliminary evidence suggests that it may be efficacious in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa. Multifamily therapy for anorexia nervosa provides a more intensive experience for families needing additional support. This review outlines the three phases of treatment, key tenets of family-based treatment, and empirical support for FBT...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579848/gender-nonconforming-youth-current-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Diane Ehrensaft
Beginning with a case vignette, a discussion follows of the reformulation of theories of gender development taking into consideration the recent upsurge of gender nonconforming and transgender youth presenting for gender services and also in the culture at large. The three predominant models of pediatric gender care are reviewed and critiqued, along with a presentation of the recently developed interdisciplinary model of gender care optimal in the treatment of gender nonconforming youth seeking either puberty blockers or cross-sex hormones...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408855/targeted-therapy-for-soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
REVIEW
Diana A Steppan, Christine A Pratilas, David M Loeb
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are a heterogeneous group of tumors originating from the mesenchyme. Even though they affect individuals in all age groups, the prevalence of subtypes of STSs changes significantly from childhood through adolescence into adulthood. The mainstay of therapy is surgery, with or without the addition of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. These treatment modalities are associated, in many cases, with significant morbidity and, given the heterogeneity of tumor histologies encompassed by the term "STS", have not uniformly improved outcomes...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405174/predicting-the-occurrence-of-headache-and-back-pain-in-young-adults-by-biopsychological-characteristics-assessed-at-childhood-or-adolescence
#6
Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Anastasia Gorbunova, Jennifer Maas
The aim of the current study was to identify predictors of recurrent headache and back pain in young adults (aged 18-27 years) from data assessed in childhood or adolescence, i.e., 9 years before the final survey. Our interest was whether psychological characteristics contribute to the risk of pain prevalence in adult age when controlling for already empirically supported risk factors such as parental pain, pediatric pain and sex. The study was part of a five-wave epidemiological investigation of >5000 families with children aged between 7 and 14 years when addressed first...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096698/burkitt-lymphoma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-management-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Massimo Dozzo, Francesca Carobolante, Pietro Maria Donisi, Annamaria Scattolin, Elena Maino, Rosaria Sancetta, Piera Viero, Renato Bassan
About one-half of all Burkitt lymphoma (BL) patients are younger than 40 years, and one-third belong to the adolescent and young adult (AYA) subset, defined by an age between 15 and 25-40 years, based on selection criteria used in different reports. BL is an aggressive B-cell neoplasm displaying highly characteristic clinico-diagnostic features, the biologic hallmark of which is a translocation involving immunoglobulin and c-MYC genes. It presents as sporadic, endemic, or epidemic disease. Endemicity is pathogenetically linked to an imbalance of the immune system which occurs in African children infected by malaria parasites and Epstein-Barr virus, while the epidemic form strictly follows the pattern of infection by HIV...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031729/acanthosis-nigricans-in-obese-adolescents-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#8
REVIEW
Hak Yung Ng
Obesity in adolescence is a public health priority because it usually tracks into adulthood, resulting in enormous medical and social costs. This underscores the importance of early identification and intervention. Acanthosis nigricans (AN) was once considered a rare paraneoplastic dermatosis, but is now frequently observed in obese adolescents. Current understanding suggests that it is associated with insulin resistance and has a unique role in secondary prevention. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a comprehensive overview of AN in obese adolescents, covering its history, current knowledge on the condition, its clinical significance, management challenges, and the direction of future research...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#9
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799838/strategies-to-optimize-treatment-adherence-in-adolescent-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#10
REVIEW
Lara C Bishay, Gregory S Sawicki
While development of new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF) has led to a significant improvement in survival age, routine daily treatment for CF is complex, burdensome, and time intensive. Adolescence is a period of decline in pulmonary function in CF, and is also a time when adherence to prescribed treatment plans for CF tends to decrease. Challenges to adherence in adolescents with CF include decreased parental involvement, time management and significant treatment burden, and adolescent perceptions of the necessity and value of the treatments prescribed...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757057/contraceptive-knowledge-sexual-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-contraceptive-use-among-female-undergraduate-university-students-in-kilimanjaro-region-in-tanzania
#11
Mussa N Sweya, Sia E Msuya, Michael J Mahande, Rachel Manongi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that knowledge of contraceptives, especially among the youth in universities, remains limited, and the rate of premarital sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies, and illegal abortions remains higher among university students. This study aimed to assess contraceptive knowledge, sexual behavior, and factors associated with contraceptive use among female undergraduate university students in Kilimanjaro region in Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from May to June 2015 among undergraduate female students in four universities in Kilimanjaro region...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695378/improving-self-regulation-in-adolescents-current-evidence-for-the-role-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Carisa Perry-Parrish, Nikeea Copeland-Linder, Lindsey Webb, Ashley H Shields, Erica Ms Sibinga
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was introduced in 1995 to address the problem of recurrent depression. MBCT is based on the notion that meditation helps individuals effectively deploy and regulate attention to effectively manage and treat a range of psychological symptoms, including emotional responses to stress, anxiety, and depression. Several studies demonstrate that mindfulness approaches can effectively reduce negative emotional reactions that result from and/or exacerbate psychiatric difficulties and exposure to stressors among children, adolescents, and their parents...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616895/victimization-polyvictimization-and-health-in-swedish-adolescents
#13
Nikolas Aho, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund, Carl Göran Svedin
The main objective of this article was to study the relationship between the different areas of victimization (eg, sexual victimization) and psychological symptoms, taking into account the full range of victimization domains. The final aim was to contribute further evidence regarding the bias that studies that focus on just one area of victimization may be introduced into our psychological knowledge. The sample included 5,960 second-year high school students in Sweden with a mean age of 17.3 years (range =16-20 years, standard deviation =0...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390536/epilepsy-addressing-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#14
REVIEW
Seetha Rajendran, Anand Iyer
Adolescence is a period of rapid change, both physical and psychosocial for any young person. It can be challenging when they have ongoing health problems and when their care needs to be transitioned to the adult health care system. Transition should be a planned process of addressing the medical and associated comorbid conditions from pediatric to adult care in a coordinated manner. In most cases, the young person and their family are well known to the pediatrics services and have built a relationship based on trust and often friendship over many years...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186150/deaf-adolescents-in-a-hearing-world-a-review-of-factors-affecting-psychosocial-adaptation
#15
REVIEW
Patrick J Brice, Gillie Strauss
Adolescence has long been viewed as a time of rapid change in many domains including physical, cognitive, and social. Adolescents must adapt based on developing skills and needs and acclimate to growing environmental pressures. Deaf adolescents are often faced with the additional challenge of managing these adaptations in a hearing world, where communication and access to information, especially about their social world, are incomplete at best and nonexistent at worst. This article discusses the research on several factors that influence a deaf adolescent's adaptation, including quality of life, self-concept, and identity development...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186149/psychological-predictors-of-headache-remission-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Marcel Carasco, Birgit Kröner-Herwig
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies on headaches often focus on the identification of risk factors for headache occurrence or "chronification". This study in particular examines psychological variables as potential predictors of headache remission in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data on biological, social, and psychological variables were gathered by questionnaire as part of a large population-based study (N=5,474). Children aged 9 to 15 years who suffered from weekly headaches were selected for this study sample, N=509...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103845/using-mobile-technology-to-promote-safe-sex-and-sexual-health-in-adolescents-current-practices-and-future-recommendations
#17
REVIEW
Judith B Cornelius, Josephine A Appiah
Youth and young adults (19-24 years of age) shoulder the burden of sexually transmitted infections accounting for nearly half of all new infections annually. Mobile technology is one way that we have reached this population with safer sex information but challenges exist with the delivery process. The literature between 2010 and 2015 was reviewed for data on safe sex and sexual health information delivered using mobile cell phone devices. A search for relevant databases revealed that 17 articles met our inclusion criteria...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099539/adverse-obstetrical-and-perinatal-outcome-in-adolescent-mothers-associated-with-first-birth-a-hospital-based-case-control-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-east-india
#18
Robin Medhi, Banani Das, Arpana Das, Mansur Ahmed, Sonika Bawri, Suditi Rai
PURPOSE: To analyze the adverse obstetrical and perinatal outcome of adolescent mothers associated with first birth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective case-control study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North-East India between January 2014 and December 2014. All adolescent primigravidae completing 28 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancy and delivered at our institution were included in the study group. Primigravidae aged between 20 and 25 years were taken as a control group...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955297/the-epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-late-adolescence
#19
REVIEW
Darren D Lynn, Tamara Umari, Cory A Dunnick, Robert P Dellavalle
IMPORTANCE: Acne vulgaris is the most common skin condition affecting late adolescents across the globe. Although prior studies have evaluated epidemiologic patterns of acne vulgaris in various ethnicities and regions, adequate understanding of the worldwide burden of the disease associated with patients in their late adolescence (15-19-year olds) remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the global burden of the disease associated with acne vulgaris for late adolescents (15-19-year olds) and provide an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options for acne in this population...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929674/reducing-the-risk-of-music-induced-hearing-loss-from-overuse-of-portable-listening-devices-understanding-the-problems-and-establishing-strategies-for-improving-awareness-in-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Cory Df Portnuff
Hearing loss from the overuse of portable listening devices (PLDs), such as MP3 players or iPods, is of great concern in the popular media. This review aims to discuss the current state of scientific knowledge about music-induced hearing loss from PLD use. This report evaluates the literature on the risk to hearing from PLD use, the individual and psychological factors that influence PLD usage, and strategies for reducing exposure to music through PLDs. Specific interventions are reviewed, and several recommendations for designing interventions and for individual intervention in clinical practice are presented...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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