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Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30584383/screening-for-hiv-and-linkage-to-care-in-adolescents-insights-from-a-systematic-review-of-recent-interventions-in-high-versus-low-and-middle-income-settings
#1
REVIEW
Brian C Zanoni, Ryan J Elliott, Anne M Neilan, Jessica E Haberer
Introduction: Compared to adults, adolescents and young adults have a higher incidence of HIV infection, yet lower rates of HIV testing. Few evidence-based interventions effectively diagnose new HIV infections among adolescents while successfully providing linkage to care. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of recent interventions to increase HIV testing among adolescents and young adults using data retrieved from PubMed and Google Scholar, and using abstracts presented at the International AIDS Society conferences and Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections published between January 1, 2015, and April 28, 2018...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538595/borderline-personality-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Jean Marc Guilé, Laure Boissel, Stéphanie Alaux-Cantin, Sébastien Garny de La Rivière
Using the same Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth version ( DSM-V ) criteria as in adults, borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents is defined as a 1-year pattern of immature personality development with disturbances in at least five of the following domains: efforts to avoid abandonment, unstable interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, impulsivity, suicidal and self-mutilating behaviors, affective instability, chronic feelings of emptiness, inappropriate intense anger, and stress-related paranoid ideation...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532607/knowledge-and-risk-perception-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-relevant-health-care-services-among-high-school-students-in-the-platfontein-san-community-northern-cape-province-south-africa
#3
Peter Nyasulu, Mercedes Fredericks, Tariro J Basera, Sean Broomhead
Background: The historically marginalized Platfontein San youths have a high rate of teenage pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and perception of male and female school-going youths in Platfontein of STIs and HIV/AIDS, and the health care services that are available to them. Participants and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey with a sample of 201 learners in grades 6-12 at the !Xunkwesa Combined School in Platfontein was conducted in July 2007...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532606/prevalence-of-vancomycin-resistance-among-isolates-of-enterococci-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Abbas Moghimbeigi, Meisam Moghimbeygi, Majid Dousti, Faezeh Kiani, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Ali Nazari
Introduction: Enterococcus is responsible for 10% of hospital-acquired infections. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) isolates in Iran using a meta-analysis method. Materials and methods: Iranian databases, including Magiran and IranDoc, and international databases, including PubMed and MedLib, were examined carefully, and a total of 20 articles published between 2000 and 2011 were extracted. The data were subjected to meta-analysis and random-effects models...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498386/conceptualizing-age-appropriate-care-for-teenagers-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-qualitative-mixed-methods-study
#5
Sarah Lea, Rachel M Taylor, Ana Martins, Lorna A Fern, Jeremy S Whelan, Faith Gibson
Purpose: Teenage and young adult cancer care in England is centralized around 13 principal treatment centers, alongside linked "designated" hospitals, following recommendations that this population should have access to age-appropriate care. The term age-appropriate care has not yet been defined; it is however the explicit term used when communicating the nature of specialist care. The aim of this study was to develop an evidence-based, contextually relevant and operational model defining age-appropriate care for teenagers and young adults with cancer...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464672/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-dysglycemia-among-girls-in-selected-boarding-secondary-schools-in-wakiso-district-uganda
#6
Rhoda Nakiriba, Roy William Mayega, Thereza Piloya, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Richard Idro
Background: There is limited information on dysglycemia in adolescents in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with dysglycemia among boarding secondary school adolescent girls in a peri-urban district. Methods: The design was a cross-sectional survey. A total of 688 adolescents from four randomly selected girls-only boarding secondary schools in Wakiso District, Uganda, participated in this study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349416/the-effect-of-cannabis-exposure-on-pubertal-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
E Danielle Sims, Sama Anvari, Yung Lee, Zainab Samaan, Laura Banfield, Lehana Thabane, M Constantine Samaan
Purpose: Several countries are legalizing the use of medicinal cannabis and easing restrictions on its recreational use. While adults have been the primary target of these initiatives, expanding access to cannabis will likely lead to increased use by children. While the effects of cannabis on pediatric neuropsychological and mental health outcomes have been broadly studied, there are limited data on the physical health effects of cannabis, including endocrine health. Animal studies have shown that chronic cannabis use leads to delayed sexual maturation; however, its effects on pubertal outcomes in children are not well studied...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310338/online-information-and-support-needs-of-young-people-with-cancer-a-participatory-action-research-study
#8
Sarah Lea, Ana Martins, Sue Morgan, Jamie Cargill, Rachel M Taylor, Lorna A Fern
Purpose: The Internet is a fully integrated part of young people's life and it is pivotal that online resources are developed to maximize the potential of the Internet to support those living with and beyond cancer. We sought to understand how young people with a cancer diagnosis use the Internet and to what extent information and support needs are met by existing online resources. Patients and methods: This was a participatory action research study involving 21 young people participating in workshops and individual interviews...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214370/an-economic-examination-of-private-insurance-claims-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-were-enrolled-in-hospice-during-the-last-year-of-life
#9
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Austin C Cohrs, Lisa C Lindley, Douglas L Leslie
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate baseline data on the health characteristics, health care utilization, and health care spending among privately insured adolescents and young adults (AYA), who were enrolled in hospice care during their last year of life. Methods: A retrospective, nonexperimental design was used to collect and analyze longitudinal claims data from the Truven Health MarketScan™ database. The sample included AYA (aged 15-24 years) who utilized hospice during their last year of life...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127650/eating-disorders-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-males-prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Christine A Limbers, L Adelyn Cohen, Bethany A Gray
Males have largely been underrepresented in the eating disorder (ED) peer-reviewed literature. The current review paper examines prevalence rates, ED symptom presentation, and assessment and treatment strategies relevant to adolescent and young adult males. Adolescent and young adult males often report a greater desire to be bigger and more muscular compared to their female counterparts. Due to concerns that contemporary ED assessment tools are over reliant on items that evaluate stereotypically feminine indicators of ED pathology, male-specific ED measures, such as the Eating Disorder Assessment for Men, have been developed...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104913/clinical-utility-of-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-and-children-with-hepatitis-c
#11
REVIEW
Christine Hong Ting Yang, Aparna Goel, Aijaz Ahmed
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 0.1%-2% of the pediatric population in the United States. While the clinical course in young children is indolent, adolescents who contract HCV have a disease course similar to adults, with a 26-fold increased risk of chronic liver disease-associated mortality, hepatocellular carcinoma, and need for curative liver transplantation. Furthermore, adolescent patients are entering childbearing age and carry a risk of passing HCV to their offspring via vertical transmission...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988773/effect-of-an-educational-program-on-adolescent-premenstrual-syndrome-lessons-from-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#12
Takashi Takeda, Masami Shiina
Background: Catastrophic disasters such as great earthquakes cause tremendous physical and mental damage. We previously reported that the Great East Japan Earthquake worsened premenstrual symptoms among adolescent girls in the disaster-stricken area. Objectives: We reanalyzed these data to determine the positive effects of education on premenstrual symptoms. Materials and methods: Annual school-based surveys about premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) have been conducted in Sendai since 2009...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942170/perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-clinical-trials-in-adolescent-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Victoria Forcina, Branavan Vakeesan, Chelsea Paulo, Laura Mitchell, Jennifer Ah Bell, Seline Tam, Kate Wang, Abha A Gupta, Jeremy Lewin
Purpose: Although cancer clinical trials (CT) offer opportunities for novel treatments that may lead to improved outcomes, adolescents and young adults (AYA) are less likely to participate in these trials as compared to younger children and older adults. We aimed to identify the perceptions and attitudes toward CT in AYA that influence trial participation. Materials and methods: A systematic review of cancer literature was conducted that assessed perceptions and attitudes toward CT enrollment limited to AYA patients (defined as age 15-39)...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750063/adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-aspects-of-adherence-a-questionnaire-study
#14
Anne Marie Kleinke, Carl Friedrich Classen
Purpose: For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), a cancer diagnosis represents an extraordinary strike in a vulnerable phase of life. They have special needs that the medical system has to take into consideration, and they exhibit a lower degree of therapy adherence than both older and younger patients. The purpose of this study was first to analyze the adherence of AYAs with cancer compared to a group of older patients and, second, to determine correlated parameters, with focus on the psychosocial interaction between physicians and patients...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731672/what-does-it-mean-to-be-youth-friendly-results-from-qualitative-interviews-with-health-care-providers-and-clinic-staff-serving-youth-and-young-adults-living-with-hiv
#15
Parya Saberi, Kristin Ming, Carol Dawson-Rose
Purpose: Given the consistent associations between younger age and numerous suboptimal clinical outcomes, there is a critical need for more research in youth living with human immunodeficiency virus (YLWH) and tailoring of health care delivery to the unique and complex needs of this population. The objective of this study was to examine the facilitators of and barriers to engagement in care among YLHW at the system and provider/staff level, as well as the barriers to using technology-based forms of communication with YLWH to improve retention and engagement in care...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588625/duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy-in-adolescents-current-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer G Andrews, Richard A Wahl
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are life-limiting and progressive neuromuscular conditions with significant comorbidities, many of which manifest during adolescence. BMD is a milder presentation of the condition and much less prevalent than DMD, making it less represented in the literature, or more severely affected individuals with BMD may be subsumed into the DMD population using clinical cutoffs. Numerous consensus documents have been published on the clinical management of DMD, the most recent of which was released in 2010...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535564/gambling-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-new-developments-and-treatment-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Georgios D Floros
Research on adolescence gambling over the past twenty years has revealed significant incidence and prevalence rates and highlighted the possible negative effects on an adolescent's well-being. Several risk and protective factors have also been identified. Over the course of the past few years, technological advances have heralded the advent of new avenues for gambling as well as new opportunities to gamble without any direct monetary exchange. This review article examines those established trends as well as the new issues that we are faced with, in order to accurately portray the current challenges in research, prevention, and treatment...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535563/gender-dysphoria-in-adolescence-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hannah Bergman, Marja Työläjärvi, Louise Frisén
Increasing numbers of adolescents are seeking treatment at gender identity services in Western countries. An increasingly accepted treatment model that includes puberty suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs starting during the early stages of puberty, cross-sex hormonal treatment starting at ~16 years of age and possibly surgical treatments in legal adulthood, is often indicated for adolescents with childhood gender dysphoria (GD) that intensifies during puberty. However, virtually nothing is known regarding adolescent-onset GD, its progression and factors that influence the completion of the developmental tasks of adolescence among young people with GD and/or transgender identity...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379325/a-narrative-review-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-adolescence-prevalence-impact-and-psychological-treatment-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Eleonora Marzilli, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino
Binge eating disorder (BED) represents one of the most problematic clinical conditions among youths. Research has shown that the developmental stage of adolescence is a critical stage for the onset of eating disorders (EDs), with a peak prevalence of BED at the age of 16-17 years. Several studies among adults with BED have underlined that it is associated with a broad spectrum of negative consequences, including higher concern about shape and weight, difficulties in social functioning, and emotional-behavioral problems...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379324/bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-treatment-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Hail, Daniel Le Grange
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a serious psychiatric illness that typically develops during adolescence or young adulthood, rendering adolescents a target for early intervention. Despite the increasing research devoted to the treatment of youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) and adults with BN, there remains a dearth of evidence for treating younger individuals with BN. To date, there have been four published randomized controlled trials comparing psychosocial treatments, leaving significant room to improve treatment outcomes...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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