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Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980417/a-review-of-syndromes-associated-with-blue-sclera-with-inclusion-of-malformations-of-the-head-and-neck
#1
REVIEW
John K Brooks
Blue sclera is attributed to a diversity of mechanisms, mostly arising in genetic syndromes and, to a lesser extent, in nongenetic disorders and may occur as a side effect of medication intake. A literature search was conducted to establish a database of blue scleral associations. This article represents the most comprehensive assemblage of etiopathologies coincidental with blue sclera, comprising 66 genetic syndromes, 8 disorders, and 4 pharmacologically induced pigmentations. To increase the knowledge regarding the clinical significance of blue sclera, summaries of the systemic and oral maxillofacial comorbidities are provided...
May 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941402/a-randomized-controlled-study-to-evaluate-an-experimental-moisturizing-mouthwash-formulation-in-participants-experiencing-dry-mouth-symptoms
#2
Anto Jose, Mabi L Singh, Britta Magnuson, Arwa Farag, Roshan Varghese, Athena Papas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of an experimental moisturizing mouthwash versus water only in participants experiencing dry mouth symptoms, including those with Sjögren syndrome (n = 28). STUDY DESIGN: Participants were randomized to the experimental mouthwash group (n = 53) or the water-only group (n = 47). For 8 days, the mouthwash group used 1 to 2 doses/day at home; both groups could sip water, as needed...
May 30, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941401/primary-intestinal-type-adenocarcinoma-of-the-buccal-mucosa-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Kentaro Kikuchi, Shuichi Fukunaga, Fumio Ide, Miyako Hoshino, Harumi Inoue, Yuji Miyazaki, Tie-Jun Li, Kaoru Kusama
Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma of the primary salivary glands is extremely rare. So far, only 11 cases of primary intestinal-type adenocarcinoma of the oral cavity and major salivary glands have been reported. Two of those tumors arose in the floor of mouth, 7 in the tongue, and 2 in the major salivary glands. However, it has remained unclear whether these tumors are derived from mature salivary glands, and primary intestinal-type adenocarcinoma of the buccal mucosa has not been reported previously. Here, we present the first documented case of primary intestinal-type adenocarcinoma arising in a minor salivary gland of the buccal mucosa...
May 30, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941400/chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-presenting-with-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-as-a-rare-but-debilitating-toxicity-of-dasatinib-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Alexander M Won, Prajwal Boddu, Adegbenga O Otun, Ruth Aponte-Wesson, Mark Chambers
This report describes a case of osteonecrosis of the jaw developing after a routine dental extraction in a patient being treated with dasatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, for chronic myelogenous leukemia. As the role of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in cancer treatment expands, patterns of debilitating complications involving the osseous structures of the oral cavity have begun to emerge, and many long-term side effects of this promising therapy remain unknown. To limit the occurrence of known complications, health care providers and patients must be aware of the potential for serious complications of dasatinib, and appropriate protocols should be in place before administration of this medication...
May 30, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934067/oral-and-maxillofacial-metastasis-of-male-breast-cancer-report-of-a-rare-case-and-literature-review
#5
Nathalia de Almeida Freire, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Nathalie Henriques Silva Canedo, Michelle Agostini, Mário José Romañach
Oral and maxillofacial metastatic tumors are uncommon, with the breast, prostate, lung, and kidney representing the most common primary sites. Less than 1% of all breast cancers occur in male patients, and to date, only 8 cases of metastatic breast adenocarcinoma to the oral and maxillofacial region in a male patient have been reported in the literature. An 88-year-old male with previous history of a successfully treated primary breast adenocarcinoma 12 years earlier was referred for evaluation of an oral swelling lasting 6 months...
May 30, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929866/lingual-cyst-with-respiratory-epithelium-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Scott M Peters, Mark Park, Michael A Perrino, Molly D Cohen
The lingual cyst with respiratory epithelium, a congenital cyst of the tongue or floor of the mouth, is lined predominately by respiratory-type epithelium. The terminology for this lesion was first proposed in 1999 by Manor et al., who stated that a descriptive term is best for this cyst of debatable pathogenesis. Although it is a cyst of foregut origin, the lingual cyst with respiratory epithelium is distinguished from the traditional enteric (foregut) duplication cyst in that the latter contains gastric and/or intestinal-type mucosa and has smooth muscle within the cyst wall...
May 30, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958937/an-mri-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-qat-chewing-habit-on-the-temporomandibular-joint
#7
Abeer A Almashraqi, Eman A Ahmed, Nashwa S Mohamed, Esam S Halboub
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the qat chewing habit on the temporomandibular joint by using magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty patients were included: a study group (40 qat chewers) and a control group (20 nonchewers). On the basis of qat chewing habit duration, the study group was subdivided into 3 further subgroups: subgroup I (5-10 years), subgroup II (11-15 years), and subgroup III (>15 years). Data on qat chewing habit were recorded, and a standardized clinical examination was performed...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958936/combination-therapy-improves-immune-response-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-advanced-oral-mucosal-melanoma-a-clinical-treatment-success
#8
Jing Zhang, Mei Yu, Xiaolong Li, Xiaofeng Huang, Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to analyze disease response and immune response to assess treatment effectiveness and success in patients with advanced oral mucosal melanoma treated with cytokines injection, cryosurgery, and adoptive cell transfer therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Ten patients were enrolled in the study, and the relevant characteristics and immunologic differences were evaluated. RESULTS: All patients achieved an objective clinical response according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, including 7 cases of continuing complete remission (55, 27, 87 + , 58+ , 58 + , 45 + , and 37 + months) and 3 cases of partial remission (30, 12, and 9 months)...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958935/a-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-a-vacuum-sealing-barrier-method-for-photostimulable-phosphor-plates-regarding-plate-damage-and-prevention-of-microbiologic-cross-contamination
#9
Ilkay Peker, Enver Peker, Adil Basman, Gulcin Akca, Mesut Enes Odabas, Nur Haciosmanoglu, Bulent Altunkaynak, Zuhre Akarslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new sealing method for preventing cross-contamination of photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plates. STUDY DESIGN: Twelve new PSP plates were divided into 3 groups (PSP-a, PSP-b, and PSP- c) and placed in 3 different barriers (2 different brands of envelopes and a vacuum sealing method). All plates were exposed to X-rays with an aluminum step wedge, and the images were evaluated for the presence of any artifacts...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937360/a-simpl-application-to-assess-oral-medicine-residents-performance-and-level-of-autonomy
#10
Revathi Shekar, Brian C George, Jordan D Bohnen, Alessandro Villa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate a smartphone application, SIMPL, to optimize faculty guidance and oral medicine residents' performance, and to measure resident-faculty agreement for performance and supervision levels. STUDY DESIGN: Raters used the 5-level "Performance" scale to assess resident's readiness for independent practice and the 4-level Zwisch scale to assess faculty guidance, between June 2016 and June 2017. Junior residents were trainees with less than 18 months of training, and senior residents had more than 18 months of training...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935927/efficacy-of-a-glycopolymer-based-oral-rinse-upon-pain-associated-with-ulcerative-and-erosive-lesions-of-the-oral-mucosa-a-within-subject-pilot-study
#11
Joel B Epstein, Dana C Villines, Shenda Baker
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the magnitude of effect for a new topical rinse that may impact oral soreness and function in ulcerative oral mucosal lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-five consecutive patients with ulcerative/erosion lesion and moderate pain visual analogue pain score (≥4) rated their mouth and throat soreness and oral symptoms at baseline and at 24, 48, and 72 hours after open-label use of a chitosan-based, nonanesthetic oral rinse (Synvaza) at least twice a day...
May 29, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861184/a-call-to-study-orphan-diseases
#12
EDITORIAL
Faizan Alawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866636/asymptomatic-subcutaneous-swelling-of-lower-face
#13
Stephanie Joana Roman Martelli, Felipe Martins Silveira, Pedro Henrique de Azambuja Carvalho, Ana Paula Neutzling Gomes, Ana Carolina Uchoa Vasconcelos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29937361/frequency-and-type-of-ponticulus-posticus-in-a-longitudinal-sample-of-nonorthodontically-treated-patients-relationship-with-gender-age-skeletal-maturity-and-skeletal-malocclusion
#14
Antonino Lo Giudice, Gianluigi Caccianiga, Salvatore Crimi, Costanza Cavallini, Rosalia Leonardi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and type of ponticulus posticus and to evaluate its relationship to gender, chronologic age, skeletal maturity, and skeletal malocclusion. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included the longitudinal lateral cephalograms of 734 patients (378 males and 356 females) retrieved from the American Association of Orthodontists Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection. The presence of ponticulus posticus (complete and partial forms) was assessed by visual inspection, and the cervical vertebral maturation method was used to determine the skeletal maturation stage...
May 9, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886068/intraoperative-3-dimensional-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-imaging-during-reconstruction-of-the-zygoma-and-orbit
#15
Thomas Gander, Michael Blumer, Claudio Rostetter, Maximilian Wagner, Daniel Zweifel, Paul Schumann, Daniel B Wiedemeier, Martin Rücker, Harald Essig
OBJECTIVE: Fractures of the zygoma and orbit are common facial skeleton injuries. Inadequate reduction and internal fixation may result in functional and aesthetic impairment. The aim of this study was to assess the use of intraoperative 3-dimensional (3-D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for determining the intraoperative revision rate and the need for additional reconstruction of the orbit. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 48 consecutive patients (15 females, 33 males) suffering from simple or complex zygomatic fractures, seen between June 2015 and October 2016...
May 7, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857980/goldenhar-syndrome-oculo-auriculo-vertebral-spectrum-findings-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography-3-case-reports
#16
Igor Maryanchik, Madhu K Nair
BACKGROUND: Goldenhar syndrome, also known as oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, is a variant of hemifacial microsomia, a congenital condition affecting primarily aural, oral, and mandibular development, with vertebral anomalies, ocular abnormalities, and epibulbar dermoids. As a complex and heterogeneous condition, this disorder varies from mild to severe, and involvement is unilateral in many cases, but bilateral involvement is also known to occur. It presents several complex problems in treatment, requiring an integrated, multidisciplinary approach...
May 7, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884520/atypical-presentation-of-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall-in-nasal-cavity
#17
Fang Yu, Ke Sun, Zhaoming Wang
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare disease with an aggressive clinical course resulting in median survival times of 12 to 14 months.1 It represents approximately 0.8% of primary cutaneous lymphomas.2 According to the World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissue, published in 2008, BPDCN is defined as an acute myeloid leukemia related precursor neoplasm, derived from precursors of the plasmacytoid dendritic cell. It is characterized microscopically by its dense monomorphous infiltrates of medium-sized blastoid morphology and expression of CD4 and CD56, as well as the absence of any common myeloid, T-lymphoid, B-lymphoid, and natural killer-lymphoid lineage markers...
May 3, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880285/a-multimodal-analgesic-protocol-may-reduce-opioid-use-after-third-molar-surgery-a-pilot-study
#18
Caitlin Magraw, Matthew Pham, Timothy Neal, Barry Kendell, Glenn Reside, Ceib Phillips, Raymond P White
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the number of opioid doses available to patients from filled prescriptions after adoption, in 2017, of a multimodal analgesic protocol that included opioid prescribing to manage postoperative pain. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrieved from records of the first 24 patients having third molar surgery in 2017 identified from appointment schedules. Inclusion criteria were American Society of Anesthesiologists risk classification I or II, age 18 to 35 years, and at least 2 lower third molars removed...
May 3, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805101/comparison-of-fractal-dimension-analysis-and-panoramic-based-radiomorphometric-indices-in-the-assessment-of-mandibular-bone-changes-in-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Emine Şebnem Kurşun-Çakmak, Seval Bayrak
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the fractal dimension (FD) and radiomorphometric indices in the assessment of mandibular bone of patients with type 1 (T1 DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). STUDY DESIGN: Panoramic radiographs of 104 patients were evaluated to calculate FD, mandibular cortical width (MCW), panoramic mandibular index (PMI), and mandibular cortical index (MCI) in the mandible. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found in FD when T1 DM and T2 DM groups were compared with controls (P ≥ ...
May 3, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784601/the-anatomage-table-and-the-placement-of-titanium-mesh-for-the-management-of-orbital-floor-fractures
#20
Matteo Brucoli, Francesca Boccafoschi, Paolo Boffano, Emanuele Broccardo, Arnaldo Benech
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the head and neck region is complex as are its implications for maxillofacial pathologic conditions and their surgical treatments. We hypothesize that the assessment of the surgical management of orbital floor fractures by using titanium mesh could represent an appropriate first experimental field for the use of the Anatomage Table in maxillofacial surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with unilateral orbital floor fractures were searched for in the hospital database of Novara University Hospital, Novara, Italy...
May 2, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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