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Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337189/a-well-circumscribed-lobulated-tumor-on-the-hard-palatal-mucosa-in-a-child
#1
Alfonso Salcines, Sook-Bin Woo, Vikki Noonan, Michael J Mansfield, Chia-Cheng Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325853/relationship-between-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-periodontal-status-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Luana de Goés Soares, Ricardo Lopes Rocha, Elizabete Bagordakis, Endi Lanza Galvão, Dhelfeson Willya Douglas-de-Oliveira, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether Sjögren syndrome (SS) is related to periodontal status. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was performed on the basis of PRISMA (PROSPERO: CRD42017055202). A search was performed in the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases. Hand searches and review of the gray literature were also performed. Three researchers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodologic quality...
December 11, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325851/microbial-population-changes-in-patients-with-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-treated-with-systemic-antibiotics
#3
Lieselotte De Bruyn, Ruxandra Coropciuc, Wim Coucke, Constantinus Politis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the bacterial population in patients with medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) after treatment with doxycycline and metronidazole. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 38 patients with MRONJ (age range 55-88, mean age 73 + 8.82 standard deviation) treated with doxycycline first and with metronidazole second were enrolled in this study. Two swabs were taken at the margin of the infected MRONJ lesion after applying pressure on the marginal mucosa, and visible pus was secreted...
December 11, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329982/gongylonema-pulchrum-infection-in-the-human-oral-cavity-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Liu Xiaodan, Wang Zhensheng, Han Ying, Liu Hongwei, Jin Jianqiu, Zhou Peiru, Su Sha, Yan Zhimin
Gongylonema infection is a zoonotic disease occurring throughout the world and is mainly caused by consumption of contaminated water and raw food. Adult Gongylonema worms can exist as parasites in the human body for up to 10 years and cause symptoms of local irritation in the oral cavity, esophagus, and pharynx. Herein, we report a rare case in which live Gongylonema pulchrum was detected and extracted from the oral cavity of a woman. The pathogen was confirmed as G. pulchrum on the basis of microscopic examination and morphologic analysis...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#5
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310888/secondary-hyperparathyroidism-causing-increased-jaw-bone-density-and-mandibular-pain-a-case-report
#6
Thomas Aerden, Koenraad Grisar, Margaux Nys, Constantinus Politis
We present the case of a 32-year-old male patient complaining of recurrent mandibular pain for 3.5 years. Panoramic radiography indicated increased cortical density of the mandibular lower border. Scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography revealed metabolic hyperactivity in that region without pathologic lymph nodes. A bone biopsy specimen of the mandibular lower border did not have inflammation or cytologic atypia. Endocrinologic investigation confirmed secondary hyperparathyroidism as a result of hypovitaminosis D...
December 7, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226824/mdixon-based-texture-analysis-of-an-intraosseous-lipoma-a-case-report-and-current-review-for-the-dental-clinician
#7
Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Yeon-Hee Lee, Eui Jong Kim
An intraosseous lipoma is a rare histologic variant of lipoma, accounting for only 0.1% of all primary bone tumors. This may not be the actual incidence because most of these lesions are frequently asymptomatic, but imaging modalities, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seem to have increased the detection rate. Lipoma occasionally undergoes osseous metaplasia and becomes an osseous lipoma. Although there are numerous papers discussing intraosseous lipoma and some authors have tried to differentiate lipomas from osseous lipomas, there is still a great deal of confusion with regard to characteristic radiologic features and the use of terms...
December 6, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203339/head-and-neck-merkel-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-case-series-and-critical-literature-review-with-emphasis-on-treatment-and-prognosis
#8
Ioannis Papadiochos, Anna Patrikidou, Aikaterini Patsatsi, Doxa Mangoudi, Henri Thuau, Konstantinos Vahtsevanos
OBJECTIVE: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare cutaneous malignancy with a high recurrence and mortality rates. More than half of MCCs occur in the head and neck region. This paper aims to present a retrospective case series study of primary MCCs of the head and neck treated in our department over 12 years. STUDY DESIGN: Six patients were identified, and their characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcomes are reported. A critical review of the current literature is also included to provide up-to-date information on MCCs with special emphasis on treatment modalities and disease prognosis...
December 1, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198430/correlation-between-mandibular-bone-density-and-skeletal-bone-density-in-a-catalonian-postmenopausal-population
#9
Albert Estrugo-Devesa, Juan Segura-Egea, Laia García-Vicente, Mayra Schemel-Suárez, Ándres Blanco-Carrrión, Enric Jané-Salas, José López-López
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if the mandible (MD) experiences reductions in bone mineral density (BMD) similar to the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) in a postmenopausal population. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 137 postmenopausal women underwent 3 types of densitometric examinations: LS, FN, and MD as measured in 3 regions (MD-R1, MD-R2, and MD-R3), as well as the entire mandible (MD-Net) using a dual photon bone X-ray densitometer. Densitometry of the LS and FN were performed according to the protocol of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry...
November 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239811/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-is-deregulated-in-cemento-ossifying-fibromas
#10
Thaís Dos Santos Fontes Pereira, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Josiane Alves França, Rennan Garcias Moreira, Grazielle Helena Ferreira de Menezes, Sílvia Ferreira de Sousa, Wagner Henriques de Castro, Carolina Cavaliéri Gomes, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
OBJECTIVE: The molecular pathogenesis of cemento ossifying fibroma (COF) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate mutations in 50 oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, including APC and CTNNB1, in which mutations in COF have been previously reported. In addition, we assessed the transcriptional levels of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in COF. STUDY DESIGN: We used a quantitative polymerase chain reaction array to evaluate the transcriptional levels of 44 Wnt/β-catenin pathway genes in 6 COF samples, in comparison with 6 samples of healthy jaws...
November 24, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273196/comparison-of-the-burr-and-chemically-induced-periodontal-defects-using-different-field-of-view-sizes-and-voxel-resolutions
#11
Nilsun Bagis, Hakan Eren, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Mehmet Hakan Kurt, Hakan Avsever, Kaan Orhan
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the use of different voxel resolutions in a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) unit for the detection of artificially induced periodontal bone defects created using burr, burr and chemicals, and only chemicals. STUDY DESIGN: Seven dry skulls were used in this study. In total, 65 dehiscence defects, 43 fenestration defects, and 76 control sites with no periodontal defects were examined. Images were obtained from a CBCT unit (3 D Accuitomo; J Morita Mfg...
November 23, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273193/predictors-of-obturator-functioning-and-satisfaction-in-turkish-patients-using-an-obturator-prosthesis-after-maxillectomy
#12
Meltem Ozdemir-Karatas, Ali Balik, Gülümser Evlioglu, Ömer Uysal, Kadriye Peker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors affecting obturator function and satisfaction using the obturator functioning scale (OFS) in maxillectomy patients rehabilitated with obturator prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: The study sample consisted of 41 maxillectomy patients. The OFS was translated into Turkish and adapted for assessing obturator functioning and patient satisfaction among Turkish patients. Data were collected from patients' medical records and self-completed questionnaires, including the Turkish version of the OFS, sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics...
November 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29269257/multifocal-occurrence-of-intraoral-isolated-ms-in-a-patient-without-leukemic-presentation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Yanxin Shen, Lei Zhao, Yafei Wu, Ping Huang
Myeloid sarcoma (MS), also referred to as chloroma or granulocytic sarcoma, is a rare extramedullary malignant tumor composed of immature myeloid cells. MS usually occurs with acute myelocytic leukemia, myeloproliferative neoplasm, or myelodysplastic syndrome or as a recurrence of acute myelocytic leukemia; however, MS may occasionally present as isolated, without current or previous peripheral blood or bone marrow involvement. Oral and maxillofacial MS, especially isolated, is extremely rare, and the clinical manifestations are diverse and usually nonspecific...
November 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249518/inflammatory-reaction-of-the-anterior-dorsal-tongue-presumably-to-sodium-lauryl-sulfate-within-toothpastes-a-triple-case-report
#14
Ronald S Brown, Langston Smith, Alison L Glascoe
BACKGROUND: Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), a popular surface active agent ingredient within toothpastes, is known for its foaming action. Surface active agents increase the effectiveness of toothpastes with respect to dental plaque removal. SLS is a known irritant and also has allergenic potential. The authors report 3 patients with oral pain secondary to inflammation of the dorsal anterior tongue. These patients were all using toothpastes with SLS as an ingredient. RESULTS: The dorsal tongue lesions and oral pain resolved upon switching to toothpastes without SLS as an ingredient...
November 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249517/khat-and-synthetic-cathinones-emerging-drugs-of-abuse-with-dental-implications
#15
REVIEW
Worku Abebe
The rising global availability of the stimulant and euphoric substances, khat and synthetic cathinones, has become a cause for concern in many countries, including the United States. Both substances are illegal in United States, although this has not deterred their use. Besides central nervous system effects, these drugs also cause sympathomimetic and orodental adverse effects, similar to those of amphetamine. Although synthetic cathinones are stronger than khat in most cases, the latter additionally contains tannins, which have astringent effects on tissues components, including those in the oral cavity...
November 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248421/m%C3%A3-nckeberg-medial-calcinosis-of-the-infraorbital-arteries-a-first-case-report
#16
John J Frazier, Regina Casian, Byron W Benson
Mönckeberg medial calcinosis describes calcifications affecting only the tunica media of medium-sized arteries. The entity is strongly associated with chronic kidney disease and diabetes mellitus. Radiographically, medial calcinosis presents as areas of linear calcifications in soft tissue; the linear calcifications are referred to as "tram tracks," "pipe stem," "rail tracking," or "tram line" when the affected vessel is viewed longitudinally. In oral and maxillofacial radiology, it is generally an incidental finding of the facial artery...
November 22, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292160/assessment-of-alveolar-bone-marrow-fat-content-using-15-t-mri
#17
Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes, Ouri Cohen, Ming Zhao, Eduardo Massaharu Aoki, Rodrigo Alves Ribeiro, Lina Abu Nada, Claudio Costa, Emiko Saito Arita, Faleh Tamimi, Jerome L Ackerman
OBJECTIVES: Bone marrow fat is inversely correlated with bone mineral density. The aim of this study is to present a method to quantify alveolar bone marrow fat content using a 15 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. STUDY DESIGN: A 15 T MRI scanner with a 13-mm inner diameter loop-gap radiofrequency coil was used to scan seven 3-mm diameter alveolar bone biopsy specimens. A 3-D gradient-echo relaxation time (T1)-weighted pulse sequence was chosen to obtain images...
November 21, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274723/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-discovered-incidentally-during-routine-dental-examination-using-the-research-diagnostic-criteria-for-temporomandibular-disorders
#18
Wael M Talaat, Omar I Adel, Saad Al Bayatti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) discovered incidentally during routine dental examination, identify disease patterns, and evaluate patients' attitude toward accepting treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3009 patients were examined at the University Dental Hospital Sharjah (Sharjah, United Arab Emirates). Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) Axes I and II were used for assessment. Patients with acute/serious dysfunction symptoms underwent cone beam computed tomography examination...
November 21, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273195/it-is-not-about-lip-retraction
#19
LETTER
Sze Lok Lau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273194/evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-indices-as-predictors-of-osteoporotic-fractures-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Grethe B Jonasson, Valter Sundh, Magnus Hakeberg, Margareta Ahlqwist, Lauren Lissner, Dominique Hange
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate 2 radiographic and 3 clinical indices as predictors of future osteoporotic fractures. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective, longitudinal study with a 10-year fracture follow-up, the 2 radiographic indices mandibular cortical erosion (normal, mild/moderate erosion, and severe erosion of the inferior cortex) and cortex thickness were assessed using panoramic radiographs of 411 women, age 62 to 78 years. The clinical indices were the fracture assessment tool FRAX, the osteoporosis index of risk (OSIRIS), and the osteoporosis self-assessment tool (OST)...
November 21, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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