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Case Reports in Pathology

Roula Katerji, Chad A Hudson
The combination of polycythemia and plasma cell myeloma occurring concurrently is very rare and few cases have been reported in the literature. Further, the vast majority of these cases are cases of polycythemia vera and myeloma. Here, we present a case of polycythemia of undetermined etiology and myeloma. The patient is a 48-year-old Caucasian male who was originally diagnosed with polycythemia of undetermined etiology. Twelve years later, when a bone marrow biopsy was performed in an attempt to determine the etiology of the polycythemia, findings diagnostic of plasma cell myeloma were discovered...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Malene Theilmann Thinesen, Ove B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Sönke Detlefsen
IgG4-related disease is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic inflammation and fibrosis, often leading to mass-forming lesions in different organs. When IgG4-related disease affects the bile ducts, it is called IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis. A 74-year-old male complained of dysphagia and abdominal pain. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and magnetic resonance cholangiography revealed bile duct changes suspicious of a bile duct carcinoma or cholangitis. Liver biopsy showed storiform fibrosis, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, obliterative phlebitis, and a portal-based inflammatory nodule with expansion of a portal tract...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Tatiana M Villatoro, Stacey K Mardekian
Sinonasal non-intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (non-ITAC) is a rare, morphologically diverse neoplasm of the head and neck. Squamoid morular metaplasia has recently been reported as an occasional finding in non-ITAC. Interestingly, these squamoid morules often show aberrant expression of CDX2 as well as nuclear expression of β -catenin, similar to other tumors that show this type of metaplasia, but the underlying mechanism responsible for this finding is not completely understood. We present two cases of low-grade non-ITAC with squamoid morules coexpressing CDX2 and nuclear β -catenin by immunohistochemistry, both of which were found to harbor a mutation in CTNNB1 , the gene encoding β -catenin...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Emily Hero, Martyn Carey, Isabelle Hero, Abeer M Shaaban
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant condition which can manifest as multiple neurofibromas within subcutaneous tissue. Neurofibromas of the breast are rare and most often encountered on the nipple-areolar complexes. A 33-year-old woman presented with large, bilateral, fleshy, skin tags of the nipple-areolar complexes. She underwent bilateral diagnostic excision of the lesions and macroscopically, both nipple specimens displaying polypoid lesions. Histological examination showed bilateral neurofibromas comprising skin with underlying dermal proliferation of bland spindle shaped cells with wavy nuclei...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Christopher A Febres-Aldana, Jin Min, Marc Rafols, Irvin Willis, John Alexis
Liposarcoma is the most common histologic subtype of soft tissue sarcoma in the retroperitoneum. The distinction of primary cord liposarcomas, which arise in and are confined to the inguinal canal, from inguinoscrotal extension of a retroperitoneal tumor is mandatory. Both can be found incidentally in inguinal hernia sac specimens. Preoperative diagnosis is essential for adequate surgery with clear margins. We present a clinicopathological correlation of two men with slowly growing right para-testicular masses diagnosed as inguinal hernias...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Xavier Catteau, Vincent Anaf, Jean-Christophe Noël
Adenolipoleiomyoma is a very rare lesion of the uterus. Only four cases were reported. We describe one case of adenolipoleiomyoma presenting as a polyp in a postmenopausal woman with menorrhagia. Adenolipoleiomyoma is a very rare lesion and the histogenesis remains unclear. We discuss the origin and the differential diagnosis of this lesion.
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Marcello Filotico, Valentina Moretti, Federica Floccari, Alessandro D'Amuri
A case of lymphoepithelioma-like (LEL) hepatobiliary carcinoma is reported. To date, only 89 cases of this rare neoplasm have been reported, with both hepatocellular and cholangiocellular histotype. The case reported here could be classified as LEL mixed hepatobiliary carcinoma ( Hepato-Cholangio ), a histotype not reported so far in the LEL variant.
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Rin Yamada, Shin-Ichiro Horiguchi, Tomoko Onishi, Toru Motoi, Tsunekazu Hishima
Gastric carcinoma with enteroblastic differentiation (GCED) is a rare variant of gastric carcinoma, and a part of GCED produces alpha-fetoprotein. GCED is characterized by cells with clear cytoplasm and a tubulopapillary and solid growth pattern resembling those in the primitive gut. GCED is typically overlaid by a conventional adenocarcinoma (CA) component, implying that CA in the mucosa differentiates into GCED during tumor invasion and proliferation. We present the case of a 73-year-old woman with a 10-mm superficial elevated lesion and a slight central depression at the anterior wall of the lower gastric body...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Lauren Pearson, Douglas J Taatjes, Michele von Turkovich, Benjamin J King, Maryam Zenali
Chromophobe carcinoma constitutes a small subset of all renal carcinomas. Within this category, rare tumors with divergent differentiation have been recognized. Herein, we report a rare case of composite chromophobe and collecting duct carcinoma and describe its pathologic and clinical features.
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Carla Bento Nelem-Colturato, Patrícia Maluf Cury, Thiago Machado Pereira, Isabelle Silva Cosso, Kellin Pivato, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Alvaro Henrique Borges
Background: Field cancerization is a phenomenon in which prolonged exposure to carcinogens induces changes throughout the epithelium leaving the field ready for the appearance of premalignant or malignant lesions. These alterations can promote the development of multiple carcinomas and explain the appearance of recurrences and second primary tumors. The objective of this study was to report the case of a patient who developed six oral cavity tumors in five years of treatment and, also, demonstrate the immunohistochemical changes for p53 and Ki-67, routinely used to assess dysplasic regions...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Joy Roman, Michael I Palmer, Cheryl A Palmer, Nicholas E Johnson, Russell J Butterfield
York Platelet Syndrome (YPS) is a calcium channelopathy caused by gain of function in STIM1, a gene which acts as a calcium sensor. It is characterized by platelet abnormalities and muscle weakness. Medical literature emphasizes the hematologic aspects of the cases with few data of the neuromuscular and neuropathologic evaluation. We present a patient with YPS whose myopathy was the most prominent aspect. She presented around 2 years of age with proximal weakness and easy bruisability. YPS was diagnosed in the infant at 16 months of age at the National Institutes of Health...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Trent Irwin, Alexandria R Snow, Taylor S Orton, Christie Elliott
Objective: To present a case of fecal incontinence treated with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid (Solesta®) injections, which later caused clinical confusion and avoidable interventions. The endoscopic, ultrasonographic, and histologic appearances of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid will also be reported. Case Presentation: A middle-aged Hispanic male who failed conservative management of his fecal incontinence was injected with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid in an attempt to alleviate symptoms...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Ashley Burris, Caleb Hixson, Nathaniel Smith
A woman in her sixth decade presented with several months of abdominal cramping, decreased appetite, bloating, and increased constipation. Radiologic imaging revealed a 28 cm, multilocular, heterogeneous cystic neoplasm involving the right adnexa. An intraoperative frozen section showed mucinous glandular epithelium, with and without foci of goblet cells, embedded in apparent ovarian stroma. The findings were concerning at least borderline mucinous cystadenoma with possible invasion. Subsequent surgical management and staging were performed...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Pranom Buppasiri, Pilaiwan Kleebkaow, Chantip Tharanon, Apiwat Aue-Aungkul, Chumnan Kietpeerakool
We report a case of vulvar clear cell adenocarcinoma in a woman presenting with a lump and pain in the right side of the labia majora. Three years prior to this visit, she underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingooophorectomy and excision of a labial mass. Pathological examination revealed adenomyosis and multiple leiomyomas in the uterus, endometriotic cysts in both ovaries, and foci of atypical endometriosis in the labial mass. The results of an incision biopsy performed before referral indicted only apocrine hidrocystoma...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Daniel Ching, Connull Leslie
Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is rare and is usually widely invasive at presentation. Here we present an unusual case with a component meeting diagnostic criteria for PDTC by Turin consensus proposal arising within a follicular adenoma. A 44-year-old female was found to have an incidental right thyroid nodule that was suggestive of follicular neoplasm on FNA. Histological examination of hemithyroidectomy revealed an 11 mm focus with insular growth pattern, alteration in cell morphology, and high mitotic count meeting criteria for PDTC...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Manju Rachel Mathew, Anita Ramdas, Susy S Kurian, Linu Kuruvilla, Neelima Singh
Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is the commonest germ cell neoplasm of the ovary but malignant transformation is a rare occurrence (1-2%). Of these malignancies documented in literature the commonest are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Urothelial carcinomas arising in an MCT are a rare occurrence and only 7 cases have been reported in literature. We report a case of an MCT which was complicated by the presence of urothelial carcinoma confirmed on histopathological examination.
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Saif Al-Zahid, Tanwen Wright, Philip Reece
Background: Inflammatory pseudotumours (IPT) are rare benign tumours characterised by spindle-shaped histiocyte proliferation often mimicking a soft tissue sarcoma. They can occur in different parts of the body and various aetiological factors have been proposed. To our knowledge this is the first case report of IPT of the larynx caused by mycobacterial disease. Case Report: We report a case of IPT of the larynx in an immunocompromised 81-year-old lady presenting with stridor and dysphagia with known disseminated Mycobacterium kansasii of the lungs...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Jirong Betty Mass, Geoffrey Talmon
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS), previously known as malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), is rarely reported in the liver as a primary site. We report a case of a previously healthy 56-year-old male, who presented with abdominal pain and jaundice. The patient was originally diagnosed with cholecystitis, treated with cholecystectomy, which was complicated by abdominal abscess. One week following discharge, the patient was readmitted with fever, chills, and leukocytosis. Computed tomography (CT) guided liver biopsies demonstrated an epithelioid to spindle cell neoplasm with markedly atypical nuclei and prominent necrosis infiltrating between hepatocytes...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Katie Fox Hanson, Paul Birinyi, Ronald Walker, Constantine Raptis, Rebecca Chernock, Jeroen Coppens, Katherine E Schwetye
Cutaneous spindle cell malignancy is associated with a broad differential diagnosis, particularly in the absence of a known primary melanocytic lesion. We present an unusually challenging patient who presented with clinical symptoms involving cranial nerves VII and VIII and a parotid-region mass, which was S100-positive while lacking in melanocytic pigment and markers. Over a year after resection of the parotid mass, both a cutaneous primary lentigo maligna melanoma and a metastatic CP angle melanoma were diagnosed in the same patient, prompting reconsideration of the diagnosis in the original parotid-region mass...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Christopher P Marquez, Haiyan Zhang, Jason Goodrum, J Nicholas Sreshta, Marjan Afrouzian
A solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising in the paratesticular region is a rare event. Typically most SFTs present as a lung mass and have a characteristic microscopic appearance. Although uncommon, SFTs may present at just about any anatomical site. Here we present a case of a SFT arising along the right spermatic cord, with histologic features mimicking a cellular angiofibroma. We describe the diagnostic immunohistochemical markers useful for arriving at its diagnosis. We also summarize our current understanding of the structural and molecular features that make up SFTs and discuss how these features may help us better understand the pathophysiology of pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell differentiation...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
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