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Case Reports in Pathology

Chih-Yi Liu, Hui-Chih Tsai
Natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is formally referred to as extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL), in the 2008 and 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classifications. NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is a rare but clinically important lymphoid neoplasm. It is the predominant type of extranodal lymphoma associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). NK/T-cell lymphoma is marked by a wide cytomorphological spectrum. The cytological findings may be so subtle that NK/T-cell lymphoma could possibly be easily overlooked...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Hellen Bandeira de Pontes Santos, Everton Freitas de Morais, Deborah Gondim Lambert Moreira, Luis Ferreira de Almeida Neto, Petrus Pereira Gomes, Roseana de Almeida Freitas
The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a benign odontogenic cyst that occurs in the gnathic bones. This cyst is part of a spectrum of lesions characterized by odontogenic epithelium containing "ghost cells," which may undergo calcification. Areas of an eosinophilic matrix material compatible dentinoid also may present adjacent to the epithelial component. However, these areas of dentinoid commonly do not appear so abundant in COCs. In this study, we report a case of intraosseous COC with extensive areas of dentinoid and perform an update regarding the clinical, radiographical, histopathological, and differential diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this cystic lesion...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Xin Zhang, Jennifer J Findeis-Hosey
Cachexia is a debilitating condition and complex syndrome commonly associated with a variety of chronic diseases. It is caused by metabolic dysregulation and characterized by profound loss of adipose tissue and skeletal muscles. While pathological changes of cachectic conditions on adipose tissue have been studied and documented in tumor-bearing animal models, similar morphological changes in human surgical specimens are rare. Here we report a case of a cachectic patient with pancreatic adenocarcinoma whose adipocytes underwent dramatic lipodystrophy mimicking signet ring cell adenocarcinoma...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Robin Burger, Vidya Puthenpura, Lauren Walzer, Adaora Madubuko, Christine Minerowicz, Rajeev Mehta
Gastroschisis most often occurs as an isolated anomaly and extragastrointestinal associations are rare. Most commonly, the anomalies associated with gastroschisis are cardiac and central nervous system abnormalities. Respiratory insufficiency has sometimes been reported in association with giant abdominal wall defects. Poor outcomes and prolonged ventilator support have been reported in giant gastroschisis and omphalocele, especially if associated with herniation of the majority of the liver. We report a case of a large gastroschisis that was associated with a kyphoscoliosis and pulmonary hypoplasia...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Lucie Bienfait, Nicky D'Haene, Xavier Catteau, Jean-Christophe Noël
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the endometrium is a very rare variant of endometrial carcinoma characterized by syncytial nests of pleomorphic epithelial cells and heavy infiltration of the stroma by lymphocytes (in particular CD8 cytotoxic T-lymphocytes) and plasma cells. Until now, only five cases have been characterized in this location. This report describes the clinicopathological and the molecular features of this unusual tumor. In particular, using the next generation sequencing (NGS) technique, we have demonstrated that this tumor could be associated with PIK3CA and p53 gene mutations...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Ekta Bhutada, Timothy Pyragius, Scott G Petersen, Frans Niemann, Admire Matsika
A 35-year-old woman presented at 27-week gestation with hypertension and pedal edema. Antenatal scan showed hydrops fetalis and growth restriction. Cordocentesis showed severe fetal anemia. This was treated with multiple in utero blood transfusions with no clinically significant improvement and intrauterine death occurred at 28 weeks. Perinatal autopsy confirmed severe hydrops with hepatosplenomegaly and visceral effusions. Microscopic examination of the reticuloendothelial organs showed widespread infiltration by large mono- and multinucleate histiocytic cells with fibrillary appearance ("Gaucher cells")...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Hilal Erinanc, Emin Türk
We herein report the clinical and pathological findings of a rare case of nodular fasciitis in the breast parenchyma of a 48-year-old female. Because of potentially malignant findings on ultrasonography and during clinical examination, the patient underwent an excisional biopsy. Histologically, the lesion was composed of spindle to round shaped cells arranged in short bundles in a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemically, the cells were positive for vimentin and SMA and negative for desmin, S100, and CD34. Based on these morphological and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of nodular fasciitis was made...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Areen Abdulelah Murshid, Hatim Q Al-Maghraby
Desmoid tumors (deep fibromatosis) of the mesentery are rare mesenchymal tumors. They are often misdiagnosed, especially with a previous history of resection for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Immunohistochemistry can help differentiate between these two tumors. In this article, we present a case we had encountered: a Desmoid tumor developing in a patient with a history of GIST 3 years ago. It is the first case of GIST with subsequent development of Desmoid tumor to be reported in Saudi Arabia. We discuss the two entities of Desmoid tumor and GIST by comparing their definitions, clinical presentations, histological features, immunohistochemistry stains, molecular pathogenesis, prognosis, and treatment...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Erin Baumgartner, David Ullman, Jeffrey Adam Jones, Danielle Fasciano, Daniel S Atherton, Peter Pavlidakey, Deniz Peker
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by a predisposition towards colorectal carcinoma and other extracolonic neoplasms. Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a very rare hematologic neoplasm characterized by a malignant proliferation of cells with histiocytic differentiation. We present the case of a 62-year-old male with previous diagnosis of MTS who presented with metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma, bilateral papillary renal cell carcinoma, and a new squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp, treated with resection and adjuvant radiation therapy...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
M Boukhechba, H Kadiri, B El Khannoussi
Invasive carcinoma of no special type (NST) or ductal carcinoma is the largest group of invasive breast cancers. Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is the second most common histological type; it comprises 5%-15% of all invasive breast cancers. Historically, lobular neoplasia and invasive lobular carcinoma may produce intracellular mucin that pushes the nucleus to one side, creating the characteristic signet ring cell morphology. The extracellular mucin secretion is essentially described in mucinous breast carcinoma...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Golsa Shekarkhar, Hossein Soleimanpour, Seyed Hamed Jafari, Fatemeh Zamani
Sebaceous lymphadenomas are rare and account for less than 1% of primary salivary gland tumors. These rare tumors are mostly found in men older than 50 years. The clinicopathological features of these tumors are poorly understood and no definite causative factor has been reported for them till now. They are not often diagnosed prior to surgery, which could be due to their rarity and lack of enough preop radiological and cytological findings. Few case reports have been published in literature about their pathogenesis and accompanying malignant lesions...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Diandra Perez, Rana Naous
Clear Cell Carcinomas of Müllerian origin are extremely rare within the upper urinary system. Their morphology is identical to that of the Clear Cell Carcinomas of the female genital tract. When they arise in the urinary tract, it is thought to be due to ectopic Müllerian embryogenesis. Here, we present a case of a 21-year-old woman with a Clear Cell Carcinoma, Müllerian type, arising from the renal pelvis. Histologically, it consisted of tubulopapillary architecture with associated foamy macrophages and a mucinous background...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Schmidt Adrian, Caspar Clemens, Schmidt-Weiss Elisabeth, Stadlmann Sylvia
Objective: Primary gall bladder melanoma is a rare and controversial entity. So far, only 36 cases are documented in the literature. Metastatic melanoma targeting the gall bladder, however, has been reported to occur in about 15-20% of melanoma patients and is much more common. Methods: Based on the case of a 58-year-old woman presenting with multiple melanoma nodules in the gall bladder, we searched in the available literature in PubMed for articles describing a "primary melanoma of the gallbladder" regardless of language used...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Eric Johannesen, Van Nguyen
Massive ovarian edema is a benign tumor like lesion of the ovary. The widely accepted mechanism is disruption of vascular drainage resulting in accumulation of fluid within the stroma and enlargement of the ovary. We report a case of massive ovarian edema in a teenage girl with hemoglobin SC disease. A 16-year-old female with hemoglobin SC disease was admitted with right lower quadrant pain. An ultrasound and CT scan showed a large, heterogeneous solid, and cystic pelvic mass. Due to the size and the possibility of malignancy, the patient underwent a salpingo-oophorectomy...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Sujal I Shah, Lisa Dyer, Jerzy Stanek
Background: Approximately 50% of early spontaneous abortions are found to have chromosomal abnormalities. In these cases, certain histopathologic abnormalities are suggestive of, although not diagnostic for, the presence of chromosomal abnormalities. However, placental histomorphology in cases of complex chromosomal abnormalities, including double trisomies, is virtually unknown. Case Report: We present the case of a 27-year-old G3P22002 female presenting at 19 weeks and 1 day of gestation by last menstrual period for scheduled prenatal visit...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Rosanna Abellar, Adaora Madubuko, Rajeev Mehta, Lauren Walzer
We report a term male neonate with congenital myeloproliferative disorder, thrombocytopenia, a horseshoe kidney, feeding difficulty secondary to dysphagia/foregut dysmotility, and respiratory failure. Prenatal molecular genetic analysis revealed a fetus carrying c.184T>G (p.Tyr62Asp) pathogenic variant in PTPN11 . The infant eventually succumbed to respiratory failure. Bacterial and viral cultures/studies were all no growth/negative. Pulmonary capillaritis and vasculitis were noted at autopsy. This report presents a new case of Noonan syndrome with unusual associated disorders and a review of the literature...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Ayako Ura, Kanako Ogura, Asumi Sakaguchi, Hiroko Onagi, Daiki Ogishima, Yayoi Sugimori, Kensuke Hamamura, Masaharu Fukunaga, Toshiharu Matsumoto
Cervical leiomyosarcoma is known to be rare from the previous reviews of a large number of malignant cervical tumors. The patient was a 66-year-old woman with irregular vaginal bleeding. She underwent modified radical hysterectomy and bilateral salpingooophorectomy. Histopathologically, we diagnosed the coexistence of uterine cervical leiomyosarcoma and cervical gastric-type adenocarcinoma in situ with endometrial lesions that had continuous and skip patterns and fallopian tubal lesions with a partial lesion...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Sally Al Abdulmohsen, Ayman Ayoubi, Sadeq Al-Dandan
A 44-year-old male with schizophrenia presented with progressive right proptosis for one year and conjunctivitis for two months. An orbital cyst was seen in the superotemporal region on computerized tomography and was surgically removed. There was no history or radiological signs of paranasal sinus disease or previous trauma. Histopathologic evaluation revealed a cyst lined with respiratory epithelium. Respiratory choristomatous cysts of the orbit are considered rare in both pediatric and adult patients. We review the literature of respiratory orbital cysts and conclude that they tend to present in adults and should be considered in the differential diagnoses of orbital cysts...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Majid Aljoghaiman, Mahmoud S Taha, Marwah M Abdulkader
Medulloblastoma is a malignant brain tumor that is typically seen in children. It is classified as an embryonal tumor, classically located within the posterior fossa. When it involves the fourth ventricle, the patient commonly presents with signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus. It is exceedingly rare for Medulloblastoma to occur in middle and late adulthood. In this paper, we present a case of a 51-year-old man who presented with a posterior fossa mass that was diagnosed later as Medulloblastoma...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
A Halima, A M Pannunzio, E M Erstine, J S Ko, W F Bergfeld, R M Malaya, M B Frankel, B C Calhoun, C D Sturgis
Cylindromas are benign epithelial neoplasms derived from cutaneous eccrine adnexal structures. These tumors are most commonly encountered on the head, neck, and scalp of older women. In rare instances, solitary cylindromas may arise at other body sites. In the current case, a cylindroma of the skin of the breast was diagnosed by complete excision. Immunohistochemical studies confirmed the tumor cells to be immunoreactive with cytokeratin AE1/3, cytokeratin 5/6, cytokeratin 7, p63, and SOX10. The neoplastic cells were also noted to be immunoreactive with markers typically expected to be positive in ductal epithelium of the breast including GATA3, mammaglobin, and E-cadherin...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
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