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Case Reports in Otolaryngology

Feride Fatma Görgülü, Ayşe Selcan Koç, Orhan Görgülü
Adenotonsillectomy is a common surgical otolaryngology procedure that is associated with several complications, including hemorrhage, odynophagia, damage to teeth, taste disorders, atlantoaxial subluxation, lingual edema, infection, and injury of the carotid artery. Pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, and epidural pneumatosis are an extremely unusual condition in children with adenotonsillectomy. Treatment should be conservative in the majority of cases and based on benign self-limiting course of these diseases; early recognition can prevent further complications...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Wyatt J Weinheimer, Justin G Rowley, Randal Otto, John Floyd, Philip G Chen
We present a case of an oropharyngeal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula in a patient that presented with headache, rhinorrhea, and pneumocephalus years after an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Imaging suggested a defect in the fovea ethmoidalis, but endoscopic surgery revealed the defect in the oropharynx. A second procedure was performed to remove the spinal hardware and repair the leak. This case is not only unique in the literature but also highlights the importance of maintaining a broad differential diagnosis to include rare complications and shows that despite dramatic improvements in imaging, locating CSF leaks still presents a challenge...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Ahmad Al-Juboori, Amira Nasser Al Hail
Background: Extracranial intratemporal complications of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) are extremely rare. Gradenigo's syndrome is defined as a clinical triad of otitis media, severe pain originating from the trigeminal nerve, and ipsilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy. Case Report: A 61-year-old man presented with chronic left ear discharge, left-sided headache, diplopia associated with vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing impairment. MRI with contrast showed asymmetrical signal changes in the bilateral petrous bone with reduced enhancement on the left with high suspicion of petrositis; in the context of chronic tympanomastoiditis, there was a 10 × 4 mm enhancing lesion in the left internal auditory meatus involving the 7th-8th nerve complex...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hiroki Sato, Shoko Yoshimasu, Isaku Okamoto, Akira Shimizu, Yasuaki Katsube, Hideki Tanaka, Kiyoaki Tsukahara
We report a rare case of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma occurring synchronously with extramedullary plasmacytoma (EPM) of the oropharynx in which radiotherapy was used as the curative treatment. A 73-year-old man presented with a sore throat that had persisted for 6 months. Examination revealed a superficial, smooth tumorous lesion at the base of his tongue with a red hue in the oropharynx. In addition, a protruding tumor was observed on the mucosal surface in the right piriform recess of the hypopharynx, and computed tomography revealed thickening of the pharyngeal wall at the right tongue base and in the right piriform recess of the hypopharynx...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
S Evans, A Woolley
Melanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare osteolytic neoplasm of neural crest cell origin. There are less than 500 documented cases, most frequently affecting the maxilla of infants less than 1 year old. We present a unique case of a two-month-old male with a progressive postauricular mass since birth, confirmed to be a MNTI. The lesion required three resections over the course of five months, with rapid recurrence ultimately requiring a craniectomy, highlighting the difficulty in treating these tumors...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Scott Shapiro, Jamie L Schaefer, Sumeet Gupta, John Nguyen, Brian Kellermeyer
Orbital complications are known risks of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The lamina papyracea and medial rectus muscle are the most commonly injured structures during ESS. Inferior rectus injury is more rare, with only one reported case of isolated inferior rectus injury in the literature. Guidelines for managing ESS-induced inferior rectus injury do not exist, and delayed intervention and management of adjacent sinuses may affect long-term outcomes such as persistent diplopia and disfigurement. In this report, we present a case of a 67-year-old man with diplopia due to isolated left inferior rectus muscle entrapment and injury from violation of the orbital floor during previous ESS...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Seijiro Hamada, Keishi Fujiwara, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Akihiro Homma
Parotid gland tumor with facial nerve paralysis is strongly suggestive of a malignant tumor. However, several case reports have documented benign tumors of the parotid gland with facial nerve paralysis. Here, we report a case of oncocytoma of the parotid gland with facial nerve paralysis. A 61-year-old male presented with pain in his right parotid gland. Physical examination demonstrated the presence of a right parotid gland tumor and ipsilateral facial nerve paralysis of House-Brackmann (HB) grade III. Due to the facial nerve paralysis, a malignant tumor of the parotid gland was suspected and right parotidectomy was performed...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Noriko Hamaguchi, Hajime Ishinaga, Kazuki Chiyonobu, Hiroyuki Morishita, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) is an anomaly that can arise due to failure of involution of the third or fourth branchial cleft during embryogenesis. It can manifest clinically as sinuses, cysts, or abscesses in the neck and is common in childhood. Herein, we describe a neonate who presented with neck swelling and respiratory distress, which was secondary to a fourth branchial pouch sinus. Physical examination revealed swollen areas in the posterolateral pharyngeal wall and on the external left side of the neck...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Nora Siupsinskiene, Irina Arechvo, Rimante Lapinskaite, Evaldas Padervinskis, Silvija Ryskiene, Saulius Vaitkus
Schwannoma originating from the peripheral nerves is a rare lesion of the parapharyngeal space. The special traits of the presented case included the following: the patient presented with slowly progressing dysphagia, speech difficulties, jaw numbness, and taste dysfunction. A dislocated lateral pharyngeal wall with mild inflammatory changes of the oropharyngeal mucosa was observed during pharyngoscopy. The radiological and histological characteristics of the neoplasm are consequently presented. Special emphasis is placed on the surgical treatment of the tumor...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Mahmoud A K Ebrahim, Mishal M AlMutairi, Khaled M Hindi, Jassem M Bastaki
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare disease in the parotid gland with a poor prognosis in most cases. The disease most often develops in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) but can also occur sporadically. Herein, we report a rare case of MPNST in the parotid gland, in a patient with no previous history of NF1. Initial investigations of the patient, which consisted of laboratory investigations, ultrasound imaging of the swelling, fine-needle aspiration (FNA), computed tomography (CT) scan, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck and swelling, were compatible with a benign pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Smriti Panda, Rajeev Kumar, Vikram Raj Gopinath, Prem Sagar
Myxoma is a benign tumour with a propensity for local infiltration and recurrence. Laryngeal myxoma presents as a submucosal polyp. Being an uncommon tumour and mimicking vocal cord polyp, only anecdotal evidence is available in the literature. The literature was reviewed from 1986 onwards using the keywords "myxoma" and "larynx." The databases used were PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. Along with this, we also report our case of vocal fold myxoma. We found a total of 19 studies reporting laryngeal myxoma...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Ayako Hashimoto, Tadayuki Kumagai, Hiroyuki Mineta
Hunter syndrome is a lysosomal disease characterized by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (I2S). It has an estimated incidence of approximately 1 in 1,62,000 live male births. We report a case of Hunter syndrome diagnosed by an otorhinolaryngologist. To our knowledge, this is the first study diagnosed by an otorhinolaryngologist despite the fact that otorhinolaryngological symptoms manifest at a young age in this disease. The patient was a 4-year-old boy. He underwent adenotonsillectomy...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Charles Saadeh, Seckin O Ulualp, Dinesh Rakheja
Lobular capillary hemangioma is a benign lesion of the skin and mucous membranes. Subcutaneous lobular capillary hemangioma presents as a deeper nodule. Lack of the characteristic surface changes of this subtype of lobular capillary hemangioma makes the clinical diagnosis challenging. We describe clinical, radiologic, and histological features of a subcutaneous lobular capillary hemangioma tissue presenting as a facial mass in a 12-year-old male. The mass was a firm, nontender, immobile, subcutaneous nodule, with no color change of the overlying skin...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Alagesan Chinnasamy, Vidhya Gopinath, Ashish R Jain
Prosthodontics is not just confined to replacement of missing teeth but beyond one's scope. The fabrication of any extraoral maxillofacial prosthesis presents the prosthodontist with several phenomenal challenges. Psychologically, these patients are severely affected either by congenital absence or loss of ear due to trauma or burns. Replacement or reconstruction can be done by surgical or prosthetic approach. However, not all situations are favourable to surgical reconstruction. This article emphasises on the steps in fabrication of ear prosthesis for burn deformity...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Kentaro Kikuchi, Fumio Ide, Shota Takizawa, Seiji Suzuki, Hideaki Sakashita, Tie-Jun Li, Kaoru Kusama
Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) is a rare malignant neoplasm derived from odontogenic epithelial remnants in the central jaw bone. Most PIOSCCs originate from odontogenic cysts with a nonkeratinized epithelial lining, especially from radicular/residual and dentigerous cysts. There have been few reports of PIOSCCs derived from the odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), particularly those describing pathological features at the initial stage. The diagnosis of PIOSCC is difficult and based on exclusion of other carcinomas, including metastatic tumors from other primary sites...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Hideki Tanaka, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Isaku Okamoto, Rio Kojima, Kazuhiro Hirasawa, Hiroki Sato
In nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI), mesenteric ischemia and intestinal necrosis occur despite the absence of organic blockage in mesenteric blood vessels. As abdominal pain is often absent and few characteristic findings are seen in blood biochemistry, imaging diagnosis or other examinations, discovery is often delayed. With a mortality rate of 56-79%, NOMI is a very serious disease. However, few reports have described this pathology in association with chemotherapy regimens such as those used for malignant head and neck tumors...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Tsutomu Nomura, Megumi Kishimoto, Hirohisa Iwaki, Atsushi Ochi, Seiji Kishimoto
Introduction: We report a modification of the maxillary swing approach to remove a palatal tumor while preserving the anterior alveolar area. Methods: Case report using clinical records. Results: The patient was a 54-year-old male. TNM grade was T4bN0M0, and invasion to the base of the pterygoid process was seen. Two courses of induction chemotherapy were administered prior to the operation. Because there was no evidence of anterior maxillary invasion, the maxillary swing approach was chosen...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yu Saito, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Shigeto Itani, Kiyoaki Tsukahara
Objective: In most cases, about the voice of the patient with female-to-male/gender identity disorder (FTM/GID), hormone therapy makes the voice low-pitched. In success cases, there is no need for phonosurgery. However, hormone therapy is not effective in some cases. We perform type 3 thyroplasty in these cases. Method: Hormone therapy was started in 2008 but did not lower the speaking fundamental frequencies (SFFs). We therefore performed TP3 under local anesthesia...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Jason Yuen, Vinay Varadarajan, Marios Stavrakas, Samiul Muquit, Hisham Khalil
Sinonasal carcinosarcomas represent rare neoplasms, with aggressive character and unfavourable prognosis. We present a case of extensive sinonasal carcinosarcoma extending into the anterior cranial fossa and into the orbit and also a review of the current international literature regarding this rare yet aggressive neoplasm. There is currently a lack of specific guidelines on the optimal management of sinonasal carcinosarcoma and the treatment represents a challenge for the clinician. The key message that we would like to disseminate to our colleagues is the importance of suspicion and early detection, as well as the necessity to adopt a holistic approach when counselling patients...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Antonio Dionízio De Albuquerque Neto, André Vitor Alves Araújo, Daniel Assunção Cerqueira, Lorenzzo De Angeli Cesconetto, Nilton Provenzano, Eder Magno Ferreira de Oliveira
Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection initially described in Brazil in 1908 by Adolfo Lutz. Manifestation of this disease depends on numerous factors, such as microorganism virulence, hormonal profile, genetic predisposition, nutrition, and immune system. It is characterized classically by cutaneous lesions, lymphadenopathy, and pulmonary involvement. It presents male predilection, which can be explained by the protective effect of female hormones. Classic presentation within oral cavity is a superficial ulcer characterized by hemorrhagic dots of moriform aspect...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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