Read by QxMD icon Read

Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Jennifer Hartley, Muhammad Akhtar, Edmond Edi-Osagie
A 31-year-old nulliparous patient presents with a three-day history of right sided colicky abdominal pain and associated nausea. This patient has previously presented twice with right sided ovarian torsion with the background of polycystic ovaries in the last two consecutive years. Blood tests were normal. Due to previous history, there was a high index of clinical suspicion that this may be a further torsion. Therefore, the patient was taken to theatre for a diagnostic laparoscopy and a further right sided ovarian torsion was noted...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Huseyin Durukan, Savas Gundogan, Murside Çevikoğlu Kıllı, Talat Umut Kutlu Dilek
Ultrasound (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to detect and evaluate the face and neck tumors during the in-utero period. We reported and discussed an oral mass which was diagnosed incidentally at mid-trimester exam and managed successfully.
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Luiz Felipe Lessa Ortiz, Julio Elito Júnior, Edward Araujo Júnior, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Nelson Sass, Antonio Fernandes Moron
We report the case of a 20-year-old patient, primigravida, with twin monochorionic pregnancy, with a weight gain of 6 kg in one week and increased blood pressure. During the ultrasound diagnostic investigation, placental edema and hydrops were identified in both fetuses, which, in association with maternal anasarca and pressure control, constitute the triad for mirror syndrome, also known as triple edema. In addition to being hydropic, one of the twins was an acardiac fetus, which is a rare combination of events...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ilker Kahramanoglu, Hasan Turan, Yahya Ozgun Oner, Tugan Bese, Sennur Ilvan, Macit Arvas, Fuat Demirkiran
Carcinoma of the vulva is usually regarded as a disease of older women, with the typical age of 65-85 years. There are a limited number of reports of vulvar cancer cases younger than 30 years. These patients have usually risk factors such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and immunosuppression. Herein, we present a case of invasive squamous vulvar cancer in an 18-year-old patient without any risk factor. Vulvar radical local excision and bilateral inguinal sentinel lymph node biopsies were performed. The clitoris was preserved during the surgery...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ali Azadi, James A Bradley, Dennis M O'Connor, Amir Azadi, Donald R Ostergard
Background: Polypropylene material is widely used in gynecological surgery. There are few reports regarding its carcinogenic potential. There is lack of evidence supporting tumor formation directly attributed to the use of polypropylene material. Case: This patient is a 49-year-old woman with a history of stress urinary incontinence which required a MiniArc® Sling who presented with a hard, tender, immobile mass on the anterior vaginal wall. Pathological analysis of the mass revealed a tumor-like reaction to the polypropylene material that resembled a giant cell tumor of soft tissue...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lamiaa Elsebay, Mariam Ahmed Galal
Background: Acute colonic pseudoobstruction or Ogilvie's syndrome is a rare entity that is characterized by acute dilatation of the colon without any mechanical obstruction. It is usually associated with medical disease or surgery and rarely occurs spontaneously. If not diagnosed early, Ogilvie's syndrome may cause bowel ischemia and perforation. Case: A G7P4+2, 40-year-old woman, who is a known case of gestational diabetes mellitus during her current pregnancy, four previous cesarean sections, two early pregnancy losses at six-week gestation, and hypothyroidism, underwent uncomplicated elective cesarean section, after which she complained of abdominal distention...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Angelika Kaufmann, Christina Founta, Emmanouil Papagiannakis, Raj Naik, Ann Fisher
Background: Colposcopy is subjective and management of young patients with high-grade disease is challenging, as treatments may impair subsequent pregnancies and adversely affect obstetric outcomes. Conservative management of selected patients is becoming more popular amongst clinicians; however it requires accurate assessment and documentation. Novel adjunctive technologies for colposcopy could improve patient care and help individualize management decisions by introducing standardization, increasing sensitivity, and improving documentation...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shadi Rezai, Alexander C Hughes, Tracy B Larsen, Paul N Fuller, Cassandra E Henderson
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is the second leading cause of maternal mortality in the USA with an incidence of 1 : 15,200 births. The case fatality rate and perinatal mortality associated with AFE are 13-30% and 9-44%, respectively. This rare but devastating complication can be difficult to diagnose as many of the early signs and symptoms are nonspecific. Compounding this diagnostic challenge is a lack of effective treatment regimens which to date are mostly supportive. We present the case of a 26-year-old woman who suffered from suspected AFE and was successfully treated with the novel regimen of Atropine, Ondansetron, and Ketorolac (A-OK)...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ketaki Panse, Rachel Regn, Jonathan May
We present the case of a 39-year-old G5P5 woman who presented to the emergency department with complaints of shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and excessive uterine bleeding for 14 days, with a heart rate of 123 and a blood pressure of 137/65. Menses had been heavy for several months. A hemoglobin of 1.8 g/dL was discovered. An ultrasound revealed an 11.8 cm fibroid uterus, and the patient was transfused with 6 units of blood and placed on oral contraceptive pills.
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Samantha Bleull, Hunter Smith, Robert Shapiro
One of the most serious complications that can arise from hysterectomy is vaginal cuff dehiscence with subsequent bowel evisceration. Treatment via vaginal approach has been utilized in early cases of vaginal cuff dehiscence where the need for bowel resection is less likely. Our case examines the treatment of vaginal cuff dehiscence through a vaginal approach approximately 36 hours after apparent vaginal dehiscence with subsequent bowel evisceration. In this case, we chose a vaginal approach even in the setting of possible bowel obstruction and a significant leukocytosis...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Antonella Vimercati, Vittoria Del Vecchio, Annarosa Chincoli, Antonio Malvasi, Ettore Cicinelli
We describe two cases of uterine rupture in pregnancy after laparoscopic myomectomy and analyze all the aetiological factors involved in this circumstance according to the recent literature, focusing above all on the surgical procedures and the characteristics of the excised myomas. The two cases of uterine rupture in pregnancy following laparoscopic myomectomy occurred at 36 and 18 weeks of gestation, respectively. Both women had undergone laparoscopic multiple myomectomy and uterine rupture occurred along the isthmic myomectomy scars, despite the fact that compliance with all the recent technical surgical recommendations for the previous laparoscopic multiple myomectomy had been fully observed...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nanami Tsukasaki, Takuro Yamamoto, Akihisa Katayama, Nozomi Ogiso, Tomoharu Okubo
We describe a rare case of retroperitoneal endometriotic cyst infiltrated in the iliopsoas incidentally found in a patient with acute back pain. Endometriosis at the pelvic peritoneum, including the Douglas pouch, has been reported often; there are few reports of cystic endometriosis in the retroperitoneal cavity. Today there are various theories regarding how endometriosis occurs. By pathological findings and lesion sites of the present case, we concluded that the endometrial tissues in the menstrual blood might metastasize lymphatically and implant and form the retroperitoneal cyst...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Romana Brun, Juliane Hutmacher, Daniel Fink, Patrick Imesch
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted disease and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), leading to severe outcomes such as ectopic pregnancy, infertility, or pelvic pain. We report a case of a 38-year-old patient with abdominal pain and dyspareunia. Clinical examination revealed diffuse abdominal tenderness. Vaginal and abdominal sonography showed substantial ascites and CA-125 level was elevated. Therefore, the attendant physician performed an abdominal CT scan for further diagnosis...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sasivimol Srisukho, Orawee Chinthakanan
A 72-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of an incarcerated uterine prolapse along with an infected wound at the anterior uterine wall. She had previously undergone the traditional Thai practice Yue Fai, or "lying by the fire," as performed by postpartum women. However, her uterus was burned by the extremely high temperature involved in the practice; it subsequently became infected and incarcerated. Pelvic examination revealed stage IV genitourinary prolapse according to the POP-Q classification...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yoko Matsuda, Yoshitsugu Chigusa, Eiji Kondoh, Isao Ito, Yusuke Ueda, Masaki Mandai
Pneumonia in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and foetal outcomes, and intensive treatment with appropriate antibiotics is essential. However, cases caused by pathogens that are resistant to antibiotics suitable for the developing foetus are challenging. We herein report a case of macrolide-refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in pregnancy. A 40-year-old multigravida with twin pregnancy complained of cough and fever at 13 weeks of gestation and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Even though empiric treatment with ceftriaxone and oral azithromycin was started, her condition deteriorated rapidly...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tyler Gleason, Brian H Le, Kirthik Parthasarathy, Bernice Robinson-Bennett
The obturator nerve is an extremely rare location for schwannomas to originate, and such diagnosis is typically not considered among the imaging diagnostic possibilities for a cystic-solid pelvic mass. A 63-year-old female with a known pelvic mass presented with increasing pelvic pain. The mass, which had been followed by serial imaging over five years, was described showing mixed solid and cystic components, likely arising from the left ovary. Although the key diagnosis to be excluded was a primary ovarian malignancy, the patient chose to pursue active surveillance...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
E Thornton, L Tripathi, S Shebani, I Bruce, L Byrd
Congenital heart block (CHB) is a rare disorder that may be associated with a high morbidity and even mortality, with a risk of death both in utero and during infancy. Women with serum titres of anti-Ro and/or anti-La antibodies carry a risk of CHB of 1-5% in their offspring, with a recurrence risk of approximately 20%. We present a case of a 36-year-old female with a pregnancy complicated by congenital heart block. Autoimmune profiling at booking showed she was positive for lupus anticoagulant and anti-Ro antibodies...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mariatu Binta Leigh, Valerie John-Cole, Mike Kamara, Alimamy Philip Koroma, Michael Momoh Koroma, Edward Ejiro Emuveyan, Peter Bramlage, Ivo Buschmann
Conjoined twins are very rarely seen. We present a case of thoracopagus that was undiagnosed prior to delivery and combined with eclampsia and obstructed labor in a low-resource setting in sub-Saharan Africa. A 27-year-old pregnant woman was presented to the maternity emergency unit of Princess Christian Maternity Hospital (PCMH) in Freetown at term in labor. Upon admission, the patient was awake and orientated and presented a blood pressure of 180/120 mmHg and a protein value of 3+ on urine dipstick test. Clinical examination-ultrasound was not available-led to the admission diagnosis: obstructed labor with intrauterine fetal death and preeclampsia...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hasaruddin R Hanafi, Zahar A Zakaria
Thoracoschisis is a rare congenital malformation characterized by herniation of the abdominal content through a defect in the thorax. There are previously 12 reported cases, most discussing the postnatal findings and management. Here we describe a case of left thoracoschisis with associated upper limb abnormality which was diagnosed antenatally with the aid of 3D ultrasound.
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chima Ndubizu, Rodney A McLaren, Sandra McCalla, Mohamad Irani
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare event; however its incidence has been rising due to the increasing rates of cesarean deliveries. The majority of cases present with signs or symptoms requiring surgery, which often results in hysterectomy. The recurrence of CSP is even rarer with only few cases which have been reported. This is a report of recurrent cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (RCSP) that was promptly diagnosed and managed with only systemic methotrexate. This was a 30-year-old woman, with a history of two prior cesarean deliveries followed by a CSP, who presented at 5 weeks and 3 days of gestation for her first prenatal visit...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"