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Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348951/prenatal-diagnosis-of-thoracoschisis-and-review-of-literature
#1
Hasaruddin R Hanafi, Zahar A Zakaria
Thoracoschisis is a rare congenital malformation characterized by herniation of the abdominal content through a defect in the thorax. There are previously 12 reported cases, most discussing the postnatal findings and management. Here we describe a case of left thoracoschisis with associated upper limb abnormality which was diagnosed antenatally with the aid of 3D ultrasound.
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333307/recurrent-cesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-treated-with-systemic-methotrexate
#2
Chima Ndubizu, Rodney A McLaren, Sandra McCalla, Mohamad Irani
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare event; however its incidence has been rising due to the increasing rates of cesarean deliveries. The majority of cases present with signs or symptoms requiring surgery, which often results in hysterectomy. The recurrence of CSP is even rarer with only few cases which have been reported. This is a report of recurrent cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (RCSP) that was promptly diagnosed and managed with only systemic methotrexate. This was a 30-year-old woman, with a history of two prior cesarean deliveries followed by a CSP, who presented at 5 weeks and 3 days of gestation for her first prenatal visit...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250450/vaginal-endosalpingiosis-case-report-a-rare-entity-presenting-as-intermenstrual-bleeding
#3
Sara Câmara, Gustavo Mendinhos, Rosa Madureira, Amália Martins, Carlos Veríssimo
Endosalpingiosis is a benign and rare entity whose pathophysiology remains unknown. It has been described in pelvic organs, the abdomen, or axillar lymph nodes. Its underrecognition has occasionally led to its misinterpretation for an adenocarcinoma. This case reports the treatment and follow-up of vaginal endosalpingiosis, presenting as a vaginal polyp in a premenopausal women with intermenstrual bleeding. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of vaginal endosalpingiosis and the second mucosal localization after bladder endosalpingiosis...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230337/prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-segmental-small-bowel-volvulus-with-threatened-premature-labor
#4
Barbara Monard, Nicolas Mottet, Rajeev Ramanah, Didier Riethmuller
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus is extremely rare but represents a serious life-threatening condition needing emergency neonatal surgical management to avoid severe digestive consequences. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus with meconium peritonitis prenatally diagnosed at 27 weeks and 4 days of gestation during threatened premature labor with reduced fetal movements. Ultrasound showed a small bowel mildly dilated with thickened and hyperechogenic intestinal wall, with a typical whirlpool configuration...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181211/placenta-percreta-in-first-trimester-after-multiple-rounds-of-failed-medical-management-for-a-missed-abortion
#5
Jaimin Shah, Eduardo Matta, Fernando Acosta, Natalia Golardi, Cristina Wallace-Huff
Background: The detection of a morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) in the first trimester is rare. Risk factors such as multiparity, advanced maternal age, prior cesarean delivery, prior myomectomy, placenta previa, or previous uterine evacuation place patients at a higher risk for having abnormal placental implantation. If these patients have a first trimester missed abortion and fail medical management, it is important that providers have a heightened suspicion for a MAP. Case: A 24-year-old G4P3003 with 3 prior cesarean deliveries underwent multiple rounds of failed medical management for a missed abortion...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181210/bilateral-tubal-pregnancy-without-known-risk-factor
#6
Hyacinthe Zamané, Barnabé Yameogo, Paul Dantola Kain, François Gueswendé Xavier Kaboré, Yobi Alexis Sawadogo, Sibraogo Kiemtoré, Sidbewenné Yacinthe Kaboré, Blandine Bonané Thiéba
Spontaneous bilateral ectopic gestation is very rare. The authors report a case diagnosed and taken care of at Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou. It was a 30-year-old patient with no known pathological history. She had presented at the obstetric emergencies with a state of hypovolemic shock by haemoperitoneum with digestive disorders, pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and a mention of delayed menstruation. The ultrasound coupled with the urinary immunological pregnancy test confirmed the diagnosis of ruptured ectopic pregnancy and a bilateral form was suspected...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163993/21-year-old-pregnant-woman-with-mody-5-diabetes
#7
Anastasia Mikuscheva, Elliot McKenzie, Adel Mekhail
The term "Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young" (MODY) was first described in 1976 and is currently referred to as monogenic diabetes. There are 14 known entities accounting for 1-2% of diabetes and they are frequently misdiagnosed as either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. MODY-5 is an entity of monogenic diabetes that is associated with genitourinary malformations and should be considered by obstetricians in pregnant women with a screen positive for diabetes, genitourinary malformations, and fetal renal anomalies...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158931/atypical-distant-metastasis-of-breast-malignant-phyllodes-tumors-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Tiphaine de Foucher, Hélène Roussel, Mikael Hivelin, Léa Rossi, Caroline Cornou, Anne-Sophie Bats, Myriam Deloménie, Fabrice Lécuru, Charlotte Ngô
Malignant phyllodes tumors (MPT) are rare breast neoplasms. Preoperative diagnosis is often challenging due to the unspecific clinical, radiological, and histological characteristics of the tumor. Dissemination pathways are local with chest wall invasion, regional with lymph nodes metastasis, and distant, hematogenous, mostly to the lungs, bones, and brain. Distant metastasis (DM) can be synchronous or appear months to years after the diagnosis and initial management. The current report describes the case of a 57-year-old woman presenting with a giant/neglected MPT of the breast, with no DM at initial staging, treated by radical modified mastectomy...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158930/ectopic-breast-tissue-of-the-vulva-in-a-postmenopausal-woman
#9
Sasha Mikhael, Wesley Nilsson, Kruti Patel, Sherri Graf
Ectopic breast tissue is a rare condition caused by remnants of the mammary ridges that fail to involute during embryologic development. To date, only 39 cases have been reported in the literature worldwide. Here, we report the 40th case of a 69-year-old G3P2 postmenopausal Caucasian woman who presented with complaint of vulvar swelling. Biopsy of the mass revealed the presence of a benign mammary gland-like adenoma which was completely excised shortly thereafter. Clinical presentation of vulvar breast tissue is highly variable depending on the amount of breast tissue developed and its functionality...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130006/incidental-laparoscopic-discovery-of-an-intraperitoneal-plastic-catheter-16-years-after-an-unsafe-abortion-a-case-report-from-the-gynecologic-obstetric-and-pediatric-hospital-of-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#10
Ngandji Andre, Ngo Um Meka Esther Juliette, Fokom Joel, Wandji Brigitte, Foumane Pascal
In many developing countries like Cameroon, unsafe abortion is a major public health problem. It can be responsible for severe complications including damage to the digestive and/or urinary tract, sepsis, and uterine perforation. Uterine perforation could be caused by most of the instruments that are used to evacuate the uterus. We report a case of apparent uterine perforation and subsequent migration of the plastic or rubber catheter into the peritoneal cavity during an abortion procedure performed in a setting that may have been unsafe...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130005/a-case-of-haematometra-secondary-to-cervical-stenosis-after-vesicle-vaginal-fistula-surgical-repair
#11
Athanase Lilungulu, Willy Mwibea, Mzee Nassoro, Balthazar Gumodoka
Background. Haematometra is a rare postobstetrics fistula surgical repair outcome complication; however the condition can be misinterpreted especially in limited resource areas that lack routine ultrasound guidance and with a slowly progressed increase in size of abdomen accompanied with a history of amenorrhoea together with a history of having unprotective sexual intercourse which may increase the possibility of being controversial to full-term gravid uterus. The causes of haematometra might be either due to congenital abnormality of the vaginal canal or acquired iatrogenically...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098098/medical-first-trimester-termination-of-pregnancy-with-massive-fibroid-uterus
#12
Michael Saad-Naguib, Karla Maguire, Christine Curry, Usha Verma
First-trimester termination of pregnancy by medical or surgical route is highly effective with a low complication rate. Uterine abnormalities can complicate a procedure due to distortion of normal anatomy. In this case presentation, medical termination of pregnancy is performed using fetal intracardiac potassium chloride injection and intramuscular methotrexate.
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090103/unilateral-atraumatic-expulsion-of-an-ectopic-pregnancy-in-a-case-of-bilateral-ectopic-pregnancy
#13
Victoria Sampson, Oluremi Mogekwu, Ammar Ahmed, Farida Bano
Ectopic pregnancy occurs in 1-2% of pregnancies. The fallopian tube is the most common site; however, bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancy is an extremely rare phenomenon, seen in approximately 1/200,000 pregnancies. It is usually the result of assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Ultrasound (USS) and serial beta-hCG levels have shown poor efficacy for accurate diagnosis. Laparoscopy is the diagnostic gold standard. The majority of cases are managed surgically with bilateral salpingectomy. A 26-year-old female presented to our early pregnancy unit with pain and vaginal bleeding at 5-week gestation after IVF...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085687/the-unexpected-ovarian-pregnancy-at-laparoscopy-a-review-of-management
#14
Meher Tabassum, Kiran Atmuri
Ovarian ectopic pregnancies are a rare occurrence; however the incidence is on the rise. Preoperative diagnosis remains difficult due to nonspecific clinical symptoms and USS findings. Most patients undergo diagnostic laparoscopy with subsequent surgical management. We present the case of a 32-year-old female who presented with vaginal bleeding and an unsited pregnancy, with a BhCG of 24693. Formal USS described unruptured right tubal ectopic with ovarian pregnancy being diagnosed at laparoscopy. A wedge resection was conducted to preserve ovarian function...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085686/group-a-streptococcus-septic-shock-after-surgical-abortion-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Stephanie C Tardieu, Elizabeth Schmidt
Group A Streptococcus (GAS) causing puerperal sepsis is a leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Although rare, GAS infection is a relatively significant public health concern because of its propensity to evolve rapidly into septic shock, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, and death. We report the case of a 27-year-old patient who presented with GAS septic shock after undergoing a surgical termination of pregnancy and was treated successfully and recovered without sequelae. GAS septic shock should always be included in the differential diagnosis of any patient who develops sepsis after a surgical abortion...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085685/ovarian-adenomatoid-tumor-coexisting-with-mature-cystic-teratoma-a-rare-case-report
#16
Mingxia Shi, Firas Al-Delfi, Majd Al Shaarani, Kurt Knowles, James Cotelingam
Adenomatoid tumor of the ovary is rare, and so are collision tumors in this location. The most common histological combination of ovarian collision tumors is the coexistence of mature cystic teratoma with ovarian cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma. Presented herein is a rare case of ovarian adenomatoid tumor found incidentally and coexisting with mature cystic teratoma. A 44-year-old woman presented with a one-year history of intermittent right-sided pelvic pain. Ultrasound evaluation revealed a heterogeneous cystic mass in the right ovary, and a clinical diagnosis of teratoma was made...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085684/uterine-tumors-resembling-ovarian-sex-cord-tumors-case-report-of-rare-pathological-and-clinical-entity
#17
Rotem Sadeh, Yakir Segev, Meirav Schmidt, Jacob Schendler, Tamar Baruch, Ofer Lavie
Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex cord tumors (UTROSCT) are rare uterine neoplasms. These tumors are usually benign, displaying a nodular or polypoid growth pattern; common occurrence is observed at the 4th to 6th decade of life. This entity is divided according to clinical behavior and pathological typical findings including different immunohistochemical staining. Traditionally type I tumors show a predominant endometrial stromal pattern with less than 50% ovarian sex cord component. This type has been shown to behave more aggressively with a decreased disease free survival period...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082054/expectant-management-leading-to-successful-vaginal-delivery-following-intrauterine-fetal-death-in-a-woman-with-an-incarcerated-uterus
#18
Masafumi Yamamoto, Mio Takami, Ryosuke Shindo, Michi Kasai, Shigeru Aoki
Expectant management leads to successful vaginal delivery following intrauterine fetal death in a woman with an incarcerated uterus. Management of intrauterine fetal death in the second or third trimester of pregnancy in women with an incarcerated uterus is challenging. We report a case of successful vaginal delivery following intrauterine fetal death by expectant management in a woman with an incarcerated uterus. In cases of intrauterine fetal death in women with an incarcerated uterus, vaginal delivery may be possible if the incarceration is successfully reduced...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075543/undetected-severe-fetal-myelosuppression-following-administration-of-high-dose-cytarabine-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-is-more-frequent-surveillance-necessary
#19
Jessica Parrott, Marium Holland
BACKGROUND: Cytarabine use during pregnancy carries a 5-7% risk of neonatal cytopenia. We report two cases of fetal myelosuppression following high-dose cytarabine administration for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). CASE 1: A 36-year-old G9P6 diagnosed with AML at 21 weeks was monitored for fetal anemia weekly and growth monthly. At 33 weeks (after 2 cycles), BPP was 2/10 and MCA PSV was elevated at 1.51 MoM. Urgent cesarean section was performed. The infant had an initial pH of 6...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932611/chronic-pelvic-pain-and-infertility-resulting-from-unrecognized-retained-laminaria
#20
Wesley Nilsson, Sasha Mikhael, Jennifer Kaplan
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the abortion rate in the United States was found to be 200 abortions per 1,000 live births. Of these, the CDC estimates that nearly 49% were performed using unsafe measures. Even when these procedures are safely performed, patients are at risk for immediate or delayed complications. In second-trimester terminations, mechanical dilation with an osmotic dilator is common to allow for delivery of the fetus. The Japanese seaweed Laminaria japonica is used to achieve this purpose...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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