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World Journal of Orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660144/worldwide-orthopaedic-research-activity-2010-2014-publication-rates-in-the-top-15-orthopaedic-journals-related-to-population-size-and-gross-domestic-product
#1
Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
AIM: To perform a bibliometric analysis of publications rates in orthopedics in the top 15 orthopaedic journals. METHODS: Based on their 2015 impact factor, the fifteen highest ranked orthopaedic journals between January 2010 and December 2014 were used to establish the total number of publications; cumulative impact factor points (IF) per country were determined, and normalized to population size, GDP, and GDP/capita, comparison to the median country output and the global leader...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660143/distal-triceps-injuries-including-snapping-triceps-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Kimberley Shuttlewood, James Beazley, Christopher D Smith
AIM: To review current literature on types of distal triceps injury and determine diagnosis and appropriate management. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in PubMed, Cochrane and EMBASE using the terms distal triceps tears and snapping triceps on the 10(th) January 2017. We excluded all animal, review, foreign language and repeat papers. We reviewed all papers for relevance and of the papers left we were able to establish the types of distal triceps injury, how these injuries are diagnosed and investigated and the types of management of these injuries including surgical...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660142/clinical-application-of-concentrated-bone-marrow-aspirate-in-orthopaedics-a-systematic-review
#3
Arianna L Gianakos, Li Sun, Jay N Patel, Donald M Adams, Frank A Liporace
AIM: To examine the evidence behind the use of concentrated bone marrow aspirate (cBMA) in cartilage, bone, and tendon repair; establish proof of concept for the use of cBMA in these biologic environments; and provide the level and quality of evidence substantiating the use of cBMA in the clinical setting. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines. EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of Knowledge databases were screened for the use of cBMA in the repair of cartilage, bone, and tendon repair...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660141/medial-tibial-plateau-morphology-and-stress-fracture-location-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#4
Kiminori Yukata, Issei Yamanaka, Yuzuru Ueda, Sho Nakai, Hiroyoshi Ogasa, Yosuke Oishi, Jun-Ichi Hamawaki
AIM: To determine the location of medial tibial plateau stress fractures and its relationship with tibial plateau morphology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with a diagnosis of stress fracture of the medial tibial plateau was performed for a 5-year period. Fourteen patients [three female and 11 male, with an average age of 36.4 years (range, 15-50 years)], who underwent knee MRI, were included. The appearance of the tibial plateau stress fracture and the geometry of the tibial plateau were reviewed and measured on MRI...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660140/upper-extremity-disorders-in-heavy-industry-workers-in-greece
#5
Thomaella Tsouvaltzidou, Evangelos Alexopoulos, Ioannis Fragkakis, Eleni Jelastopulu
AIM: To investigate the disability due to musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremities in heavy industry workers. METHODS: The population under study consisted of 802 employees, both white- and blue-collar, working in a shipyard industry in Athens, Greece. Data were collected through the distribution of questionnaires and the recording of individual and job-related characteristics during the period 2006-2009. The questionnaires used were the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QD) Outcome Measure, the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the Short-Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660139/two-stage-surgical-treatment-for-septic-non-union-of-the-forearm
#6
Fabrizio Perna, Federico Pilla, Matteo Nanni, Lisa Berti, Giada Lullini, Francesco Traina, Cesare Faldini
AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of a two-stage surgical procedure for the treatment of septic forearm non-union. METHODS: Septic non-unions are rare complications of forearm fractures. When they occur, they modify the relationship between forearm bones leading to a severe functional impairment. Treatment is challenging and surgery and antibiotic therapy are required to achieve infection resolution. It is even harder to obtain non-union healing with good functional results...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660138/emergent-reintubation-following-elective-cervical-surgery-a-case-series
#7
Joshua Schroeder, Stephan N Salzmann, Alexander P Hughes, James D Beckman, Jennifer Shue, Federico P Girardi
AIM: To review cases of emergent reintubation after cervical surgery. METHODS: Patients who were emergently intubated in the post-operative period following cervical surgery were identified. The patients' prospectively documented demographic parameters, medical history and clinical symptoms were ascertained. Pre-operative radiographs were examined for the extent of their pathology. The details of the operative procedure were discerned. RESULTS: Eight hundred and eighty patients received anterior- or combined anterior-posterior cervical surgery from 2008-2013...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660137/role-of-fetuin-a-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-joint-arthritis
#8
REVIEW
Eleni Pappa, Despina S Perrea, Spiridon Pneumaticos, Vasileios S Nikolaou
Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive disease which includes the intervention of several cytokines, macrophage metalleinoproteinases reaction, leading to the degradation of the local cartilage but also having an impact on the serum acute phase proteins (APPs). Subsequently, biomarkers seem to be essential to estimate its progression and the need for any surgical intervention such as total arthroplasty, but also can be used as therapeutic agents. Recently, among APPs, fetuin A drew attention regarding its possible anti-inflammatory role in animal models but also as a therapeutic agent in the inflammatory joint disease in clinical trials...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660136/sternal-metastasis-the-forgotten-column-and-its-effect-on-thoracic-spine-stability
#9
REVIEW
Robert Pearse Piggott, Mark Curtin, Sudarshan Munigangaiah, Mutaz Jadaan, John Patrick McCabe, Aiden Devitt
Sternal metastases are not studied extensively in the literature. There is a paucity of information on their role in metastatic disease. The concept of the fourth column was described by Berg in 1993, and has been proven in case report, clinically and biomechanical studies. The role of the sternum as a support to the thoracic spine is well documented in the trauma patients, but not much is known about its role in cancer patients. This review examines what is known on the role of the fourth column. Following this we have identified two likely scenarios that sternal metastases may impact management: (1) sternal pathological fracture increases the mobility of the semi-rigid thorax with the loss of the biomechanical support of the sternum-rib-thoracic spine complex; and (2) a sternal metastasis increases the risk of fracture, and while being medical treated the thoracic spine should be monitored for acute kyphosis and neurological injury secondarily to the insufficiency of the fourth column...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660135/perioperative-blood-management-strategies-for-patients-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-where-do-we-stand-now
#10
REVIEW
Tzatzairis Themistoklis, Vogiatzaki Theodosia, Kazakos Konstantinos, Drosos I Georgios
Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most common surgeries over the last decade. Patients undergoing TKR are at high risk for postoperative anemia and furthermore for allogeneic blood transfusions (ABT). Complications associated with ABT including chills, rigor, fever, dyspnea, light-headedness should be early recognized in order to lead to a better prognosis. Therefore, perioperative blood management program should be adopted with main aim to reduce the risk of blood transfusion while maximizing hemoglobin simultaneously...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567348/chest-pain-caused-by-multiple-exostoses-of-the-ribs-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#11
Daniele Mazza, Mattia Fabbri, Cosma Calderaro, Carlo Iorio, Luca Labianca, Camilla Poggi, Francesco Turturro, Antonello Montanaro, Andrea Ferretti
The aim of this paper is to report an exceptional case of multiple internal exostoses of the ribs in a young patient affected by multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) coming to our observation for chest pain as the only symptom of an intra-thoracic localization. A 16 years old patient with familiar history of MHE came to our observation complaining a left-sided chest pain. This pain had increased in the last months with no correlation to a traumatic event. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed the presence of three exostoses located on the left third, fourth and sixth ribs, all protruding into the thoracic cavity, directly in contact with visceral pleura...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567347/effect-of-lengthening-along-the-anatomical-axis-of-the-femur-and-its-clinical-impact
#12
Khaled M Emara, Ahmed Nageeb Mahmoud, Ahmed K Emara, Mariam K Emara
AIM: To review and study the effect of lengthening along the anatomical axis of long bones and its relation to the mechanical axis deviation. METHODS: We try in this review to calculate and discuss the exact clinical impact of lengthening along the anatomical axis of the femur on affecting the limb alignment. Also we used a trigonometric formula to predict the change of the femoral distal anatomical mechanical angle (AMA) after lengthening along the anatomical axis...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567346/surgery-for-calcifying-tendinitis-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review
#13
Freek U Verstraelen, Eric Fievez, Loes Janssen, Wim Morrenhof
AIM: To systematically search literature and determine a preferable surgical procedure in patients with failed conservative treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. METHODS: The electronic online databases MEDLINE (through PubMed), EMBASE (through OVID), CINAHL (through EB- SCO), Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched in May 2016. Eligible for inclusion were all available studies with level II and level III evidence (LoE)...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#14
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567344/predicting-lower-limb-periprosthetic-joint-infections-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-their-classification
#15
David A George, Lorenzo Drago, Sara Scarponi, Enrico Gallazzi, Fares S Haddad, Carlo L Romano
AIM: To undertook a systematic review to determine factors that increase a patient's risk of developing lower limb periprosthetic joint infections (PJI). METHODS: This systematic review included full-text studies that reviewed risk factors of developing either a hip or knee PJI following a primary arthroplasty published from January 1998 to November 2016. A variety of keywords were used to identify studies through international databases referencing hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty, infection, and risk factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567343/frozen-shoulder-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Rudra Narayan Mukherjee, R M Pandey, Hira Lal Nag, Ravi Mittal
AIM: To compare the results of arthroscopic capsular release with intra-articular steroid injections in patients of frozen shoulder. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with frozen shoulder were randomised to one of two treatment groups: Group 1, complete 360 degree arthroscopic capsular release and group 2, intra-articular corticosteroid injection (40 mg methyl prednisolone acetate). Both groups were put on active and passive range of motion exercises following the intervention...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567342/functional-outcome-of-tibial-fracture-with-acute-compartment-syndrome-and-correlation-to-deep-posterior-compartment-pressure
#17
Saumitra Goyal, Monappa A Naik, Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Sharath K Rao
AIM: To measure single baseline deep posterior compartment pressure in tibial fracture complicated by acute compartment syndrome (ACS) and to correlate it with functional outcome. METHODS: Thirty-two tibial fractures with ACS were evaluated clinically and the deep posterior compartment pressure was measured. Urgent fasciotomy was needed in 30 patients. Definite surgical fixation was performed either primarily or once fasciotomy wound was healthy. The patients were followed up at 3 mo, 6 mo and one year...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567341/technical-note-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-the-presence-of-an-intramedullary-femoral-nail-using-anteromedial-drilling
#18
Matthew Lacey, Joseph Lamplot, Kempland C Walley, Joseph P DeAngelis, Arun J Ramappa
AIM: To describe an approach to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using autologous hamstring by drilling via the anteromedial portal in the presence of an intramedullary (IM) femoral nail. METHODS: Once preoperative imagining has characterized the proposed location of the femoral tunnel preparations are made to remove all of the hardware (locking bolts and IM nail). A diagnostic arthroscopy is performed in the usual fashion addressing all intra-articular pathology...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567340/light-and-electron-microscopic-study-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament-epiligament-tissue-in-human-knees
#19
Georgi P Georgiev, Alexandar Iliev, Georgi Kotov, Plamen Kinov, Svetoslav Slavchev, Boycho Landzhov
AIM: To examine the normal morphology of the epiligament tissue of the knee medial collateral ligament (MCL) in humans. METHODS: Several samples of the mid-substance of the MCL of the knee joint from 7 fresh human cadavers (3 females and 4 males) were taken. Examination of the epiligament tissue was conducted by light microscopy and photomicrography on semi-thin sections of formalin fixed paraffin-embedded blocks that were routinely stained with haematoxylin and eosin, Mallory stain and Van Gieson's stain...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567339/hallux-rigidus-how-do-i-approach-it
#20
REVIEW
Aaron Lam, Jimmy J Chan, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
Hallux rigidus is a degenerative disease of the first metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint and affects 2.5% of people over age 50. Dorsal osteophytes and narrowed joint space leads to debilitating pain and limited range of motion. Altered gait mechanics often ensued as 119% of the body force transmit through the 1(st) MTP joint during gait cycle. Precise etiology remains under debate with trauma being often cited in the literature. Hallux valgus interphalangeus, female gender, inflammatory and metabolic conditions have all been identified as associative factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
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