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World Journal of Orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567348/chest-pain-caused-by-multiple-exostoses-of-the-ribs-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#1
Daniele Mazza, Mattia Fabbri, Cosma Calderaro, Carlo Iorio, Luca Labianca, Camilla Poggi, Francesco Turturro, Antonello Montanaro, Andrea Ferretti
The aim of this paper is to report an exceptional case of multiple internal exostoses of the ribs in a young patient affected by multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) coming to our observation for chest pain as the only symptom of an intra-thoracic localization. A 16 years old patient with familiar history of MHE came to our observation complaining a left-sided chest pain. This pain had increased in the last months with no correlation to a traumatic event. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed the presence of three exostoses located on the left third, fourth and sixth ribs, all protruding into the thoracic cavity, directly in contact with visceral pleura...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567347/effect-of-lengthening-along-the-anatomical-axis-of-the-femur-and-its-clinical-impact
#2
Khaled M Emara, Ahmed Nageeb Mahmoud, Ahmed K Emara, Mariam K Emara
AIM: To review and study the effect of lengthening along the anatomical axis of long bones and its relation to the mechanical axis deviation. METHODS: We try in this review to calculate and discuss the exact clinical impact of lengthening along the anatomical axis of the femur on affecting the limb alignment. Also we used a trigonometric formula to predict the change of the femoral distal anatomical mechanical angle (AMA) after lengthening along the anatomical axis...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567346/surgery-for-calcifying-tendinitis-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review
#3
Freek U Verstraelen, Eric Fievez, Loes Janssen, Wim Morrenhof
AIM: To systematically search literature and determine a preferable surgical procedure in patients with failed conservative treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. METHODS: The electronic online databases MEDLINE (through PubMed), EMBASE (through OVID), CINAHL (through EB- SCO), Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched in May 2016. Eligible for inclusion were all available studies with level II and level III evidence (LoE)...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#4
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567344/predicting-lower-limb-periprosthetic-joint-infections-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-their-classification
#5
David A George, Lorenzo Drago, Sara Scarponi, Enrico Gallazzi, Fares S Haddad, Carlo L Romano
AIM: To undertook a systematic review to determine factors that increase a patient's risk of developing lower limb periprosthetic joint infections (PJI). METHODS: This systematic review included full-text studies that reviewed risk factors of developing either a hip or knee PJI following a primary arthroplasty published from January 1998 to November 2016. A variety of keywords were used to identify studies through international databases referencing hip arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty, infection, and risk factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567343/frozen-shoulder-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Rudra Narayan Mukherjee, R M Pandey, Hira Lal Nag, Ravi Mittal
AIM: To compare the results of arthroscopic capsular release with intra-articular steroid injections in patients of frozen shoulder. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with frozen shoulder were randomised to one of two treatment groups: Group 1, complete 360 degree arthroscopic capsular release and group 2, intra-articular corticosteroid injection (40 mg methyl prednisolone acetate). Both groups were put on active and passive range of motion exercises following the intervention...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567342/functional-outcome-of-tibial-fracture-with-acute-compartment-syndrome-and-correlation-to-deep-posterior-compartment-pressure
#7
Saumitra Goyal, Monappa A Naik, Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Sharath K Rao
AIM: To measure single baseline deep posterior compartment pressure in tibial fracture complicated by acute compartment syndrome (ACS) and to correlate it with functional outcome. METHODS: Thirty-two tibial fractures with ACS were evaluated clinically and the deep posterior compartment pressure was measured. Urgent fasciotomy was needed in 30 patients. Definite surgical fixation was performed either primarily or once fasciotomy wound was healthy. The patients were followed up at 3 mo, 6 mo and one year...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567341/technical-note-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-the-presence-of-an-intramedullary-femoral-nail-using-anteromedial-drilling
#8
Matthew Lacey, Joseph Lamplot, Kempland C Walley, Joseph P DeAngelis, Arun J Ramappa
AIM: To describe an approach to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using autologous hamstring by drilling via the anteromedial portal in the presence of an intramedullary (IM) femoral nail. METHODS: Once preoperative imagining has characterized the proposed location of the femoral tunnel preparations are made to remove all of the hardware (locking bolts and IM nail). A diagnostic arthroscopy is performed in the usual fashion addressing all intra-articular pathology...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567340/light-and-electron-microscopic-study-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament-epiligament-tissue-in-human-knees
#9
Georgi P Georgiev, Alexandar Iliev, Georgi Kotov, Plamen Kinov, Svetoslav Slavchev, Boycho Landzhov
AIM: To examine the normal morphology of the epiligament tissue of the knee medial collateral ligament (MCL) in humans. METHODS: Several samples of the mid-substance of the MCL of the knee joint from 7 fresh human cadavers (3 females and 4 males) were taken. Examination of the epiligament tissue was conducted by light microscopy and photomicrography on semi-thin sections of formalin fixed paraffin-embedded blocks that were routinely stained with haematoxylin and eosin, Mallory stain and Van Gieson's stain...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567339/hallux-rigidus-how-do-i-approach-it
#10
REVIEW
Aaron Lam, Jimmy J Chan, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
Hallux rigidus is a degenerative disease of the first metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint and affects 2.5% of people over age 50. Dorsal osteophytes and narrowed joint space leads to debilitating pain and limited range of motion. Altered gait mechanics often ensued as 119% of the body force transmit through the 1(st) MTP joint during gait cycle. Precise etiology remains under debate with trauma being often cited in the literature. Hallux valgus interphalangeus, female gender, inflammatory and metabolic conditions have all been identified as associative factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473965/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-paget-s-disease-of-bone-a-systematic-review
#11
Sammy A Hanna, Sebastian Dawson-Bowling, Steven Millington, Rej Bhumbra, Pramod Achan
AIM: To investigate the clinical and functional outcomes following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Paget's disease. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to determine the functional outcome, complications and revision rates of THA in patients with Paget's disease. Eight studies involving 358 hips were reviewed. The mean age was 70.4 years and follow-up was 8.3 years. There were 247 cemented THAs (69%), 105 uncemented THAs (29%) and 6 hybrid THAs (2%)...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473964/t1%C3%AF-t2-mapping-and-histopathology-of-degenerative-cartilage-in-advanced-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Benjamin S Kester, Philip M Carpenter, Hon J Yu, Taiki Nozaki, Yasuhito Kaneko, Hiroshi Yoshioka, Ran Schwarzkopf
AIM: To investigate whether normal thickness cartilage in osteoarthritic knees demonstrate depletion of proteoglycan or collagen content compared to healthy knees. METHODS: Magnetic resonance (MR) images were acquired from 5 subjects scheduled for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (mean age 70 years) and 20 young healthy control subjects without knee pain (mean age 28.9 years). MR images of T1ρ mapping, T2 mapping, and fat suppressed proton-density weighted sequences were obtained...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473963/rank-ligand-and-osteoprotegerin-as-biomarkers-in-the-differentiation-between-periprosthetic-joint-infection-and-aseptic-prosthesis-loosening
#13
Max J Friedrich, Matthias D Wimmer, Jan Schmolders, Andreas C Strauss, Milena M Ploeger, Hendrik Kohlhof, Dieter C Wirtz, Sascha Gravius, Thomas M Randau
AIM: To assess serum levels of RANK-ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) as biomarkers for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and compare their accuracy with standard tests. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients presenting with a painful total knee or hip arthroplasty with indication for surgical revision were included in this prospective clinical trial. Based on standard diagnostics (joint aspirate, microbiological, and histological samples) and Musculoskeletal Infection Society consensus classification, patients were categorized into PJI, aseptic loosening, and control groups...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473962/associations-among-pain-catastrophizing-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-after-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Masato Kako, Kentaro Suzuki, Keiko Hattori, Saori Fukuyasu, Koji Sato, Izumi Kadono, Tadahiro Sakai, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Nishida
AIM: To investigate whether reductions in pain catastrophizing associated with physical performance in the early period after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: The study group of 46 participants underwent TKA or THA. The participants were evaluated within 7 d before the operation and at 14 d afterwards. Physical performance was measured by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and 10-m gait time was measured at comfortable and maximum speeds...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473961/variability-in-conflict-of-interest-disclosures-by-physicians-presenting-trauma-research
#15
Kevin Wong, Paul H Yi, Rohith Mohan, Kevin J Choo
AIM: To quantify the variability of financial disclosures by authors presenting orthopaedic trauma research. METHODS: Self-reported authorship disclosure information published for the 2012 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) meetings was compiled from meeting programs. Both the AAOS and OTA required global disclosures for participants. Data collected included: (1) total number of presenters; (2) number of presenters with financial disclosures; (3) number of disclosures per author; (4) total number of companies supporting each author; and (5) specific type of disclosure...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473960/abnormal-ground-reaction-forces-lead-to-a-general-decline-in-gait-speed-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#16
Anatole Vilhelm Wiik, Adeel Aqil, Mads Brevadt, Gareth Jones, Justin Cobb
AIM: To analyse ground reaction forces at higher speeds using another method to be more sensitive in assessing significant gait abnormalities. METHODS: A total of 44 subjects, consisting of 24 knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients and 20 healthy controls were analysed. The knee OA patients were recruited from an orthopaedic clinic that were awaiting knee replacement. All subjects had their gait patterns during stance phase at top walking speed assessed on a validated treadmill instrumented with tandem force plates...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473959/effect-of-a-specialized-injury-prevention-program-on-static-balance-dynamic-balance-and-kicking-accuracy-of-young-soccer-players
#17
Ayelet Dunsky, Ido Barzilay, Orly Fox
AIM: To study the effect of balance intervention program using the "FIFA 11+" program on static and dynamic balance and kicking accuracy of young soccer players. METHODS: Twenty young soccer players were allocated to experimental (n = 10) or control (n = 10) groups. The experimental group performed the "FIFA 11+" program three times a week for six weeks. The control group performed their normal warm-up routine. The primary outcomes were measured pre and post intervention, and assessed kicking accuracy, static balance and dynamic balance...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473958/posterior-interosseous-nerve-localization-within-the-proximal-forearm-a-patient-normalized-parameter
#18
Srinath Kamineni, Crystal R Norgren, Evan M Davidson, Ellora P Kamineni, Andrew S Deane
AIM: To provide a "patient-normalized" parameter in the proximal forearm. METHODS: Sixty-three cadaveric upper extremities from thirty-five cadavers were studied. A muscle splitting approach was utilized to locate the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) at the point where it emerges from beneath the supinator. The supinator was carefully incised to expose the midpoint length of the nerve as it passes into the forearm while preserving the associated fascial connections, thereby preserving the relationship of the nerve with the muscle...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473957/syndesmotic-internalbrace-tm-for-anatomic-distal-tibiofibular-ligament-augmentation
#19
Markus Regauer, Gordon Mackay, Mirjam Lange, Christian Kammerlander, Wolfgang Böcker
Reconstruction of unstable syndesmotic injuries is not trivial, and there is no generally accepted treatment guidelines. Thus, there still remain considerable controversies regarding diagnosis, classification and treatment of syndesmotic injuries. Syndesmotic malreduction is the most common indication for early re-operation after ankle fracture surgery, and widening of the ankle mortise by only 1 mm decreases the contact area of the tibiotalar joint by 42%. Outcome of ankle fractures with syndesmosis injury is worse than without, even after surgical syndesmotic stabilization...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473956/growing-spine-deformities-are-magnetic-rods-the-final-answer
#20
EDITORIAL
Ashok N Johari, Amit S Nemade
Treatment paradigms for Early Onset Scoliosis have changed from fusion to fusionless methods as the harmful effects of early fusion on the growing spine and thorax were realized. Magnetic rods are a recent addition to fusionless technology for controlling scoliosis in a growing spine. The clinical evidence base on magnet driven growth rods (MDGR) has accumulated over the last 4 years. It has implications for reduction in the number of repeat surgeries required with similar complications as the traditional growth rods (TGR) and at a higher initial cost...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
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