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Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects

Les Kalman, Allen Xian
Background. There is no clear consensus on operative hand instrumentation. In general, there is one hand instrument that completes one task. Consequently, numerous instruments are required for the placement, shaping and carving of a restoration. This reduces clinical efficiency, increases cost and may generate frustration. Methods. A novel dental hand instrument has been developed. The instrument (GTI) can complete several tasks. The instrument was assessed in a laboratory setting with amalgam, composite and glass-ionomer restorations on dentoform teeth...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Farzad Esmaeli, Salar Payahoo, Majid Mobasseri, Masoome Johari, Javad Yazdani
Background. Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by a decrease in bone strength with an increase in the risk of fractures. This study aimed at evaluating the ability to predict osteoporosis and osteopenia based on radiographic density values obtained from CBCT imaging technique. Methods. CBCT images of 108 patients were prepared by using NewTom VGI (QR, Verona, Italy). Then the patients were assigned to osteoporosis, osteopenia and healthy group, using the T-score derived from the DEXA technique...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Farhang Mahboub, Fariba Salehsaber, Fereydoon Parnia, Vahedeh Gharekhani, Yousef Kananizadeh, Mahsa Taghizadeh
Background. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Corega and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite cleansing agents on the shear and tensile bond strengths of GC soft liner to denture base. Methods. A total of 144 samples (72 samples for tensile and 72 for shear bond strength evaluations) were prepared. The samples in each group were subdivided into three subgroups in terms of the cleansing agent used (2.5% sodium hypochlorite, Corega and distilled water [control group]). All the samples were stored in distilled water, during which each sample was immersed for 15 minutes daily in sodium hypochlorite or Corega solutions...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Maryam Forghani, Elham Afshari, Iman Parisay, Reza Garajian
Background. This in vitro study aimed to compare the antibacterial effect of different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite on elimination of Enterococcus faecalis from root canal systems of primary teeth with or without a passive sonic irrigation system (EndoActivator). Methods. The root canals of 120 extracted single-rooted primary incisors were prepared using the crown-down technique. The teeth were autoclaved and inoculated with E. faecalis. The infected samples were then randomly divided into 6 experimental groups of 15 and positive and negative control groups as follows: group 1: 0...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Azin Khorramdel, Adileh Shirmohammadi, Alireza Sadighi, Masoumeh Faramarzi, Amir Reza Babaloo, Mehrnoosh Sadighi Shamami, Amin Mousavi, Zia Ebrahim Adhami
Background. This study was undertaken to assess the pathological and spatial associations between periapical and periodontal diseases of the maxillary first molars and thickening of maxillary sinus mucosa with cone-beam computed tomography. Methods. A total of 132 CBCT images of subjects 20‒60 years of age were evaluated retrospectively. The patients' sex and age and demographic and pathologic findings of the maxillary sinus in the first molar area were recorded, graded and analyzed. Results. Approximately 59% of patients were male and 41% were female, with no significant difference in the thickness of schneiderian membrane between males and females...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Alberto Ferreira da Silva Junior, Gustavo Silvestre de Magalhaes Rocha, Camila Fialho da Silva Neves de Araujo, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Deep neck infections are associated with high morbidity rates in dentistry. Early diagnosis and intervention play an essential part in decreasing morbidity rates. The present study aims to report a case of odontogenic deep neck infection after third molar extraction. A 51-year-old male patient underwent extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Seven days later, the patient developed symptoms and signs of progressive infection. Laboratorial and radiologic examinations in association with clinical investigations confirmed deep neck infection...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Mohammad Mahdi Yaghooti Khorasani, Hamed Ebrahimnejad
Background. Digital radiography has widespread use in endodontics. Determining a correct working length is vital for a proper endodontic therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of conventional and digital radiographic techniques for root canal working length determination. Methods. After determining the real working lengths of 50 permanent maxillary central incisors (gold standard), the conventional (E- and F-speed films) and digital (CCD, PSP) images were obtained using the parallel technique...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Nicola Mobilio, Renata Vecchiatini, Michele Vasquez, Giorgio Calura, Santo Catapano
Background. Different surgical variables are assumed to play a role in postoperative course after lower third molar extraction. The aim of study was to assess whether flap design and duration of surgery can influence acute postoperative symptoms and signs after lower third molar extraction. Methods. Twenty-five patients scheduled for lower third molar extraction were included in this study and randomly assigned to two groups in terms of flap design: group A (envelope flap) and group B (triangular flap). Swelling and trismus were assessed before and after surgery on days 0, 2 and 7...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Shima Aalaei, Zahra Rajabi Naraki, Fatemeh Nematollahi, Elaheh Beyabanaki, Afsaneh Shahrokhi Rad
Background. Screw-retained restorations are favored in some clinical situations such as limited inter-occlusal spaces. This study was designed to compare stresses developed in the peri-implant bone in two different types of screw-retained restorations (segmented vs. non-segmented abutment) using a finite element model. Methods. An implant, 4.1 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length, was placed in the first molar site of a mandibular model with 1 mm of cortical bone on the buccal and lingual sides. Segmented and non-segmented screw abutments with their crowns were placed on the simulated implant in each model...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Masoumeh Khoshhal, Iraj Amiri, Leila Gholami
Background. Stem cells have contributed to the development of tissue-engineered-based regenerative periodontal therapies. In order to find the best stem cell sources for such therapies, the biologic properties of stem cells isolated from periodontal ligaments (PDL) of deciduous (DePDLSC) and permanent (PePDLSC) teeth were comparatively evaluated. Methods. PDL stem cells were isolated from six sound fully erupted premolars and six deciduous canines of healthy subjects. In vitro biologic characteristics such as colony formation, viability, stem cell marker identification and osteogenic differentiation (using alkaline phosphatase analysis and Alizarin red staining) were comparatively assessed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests using SPSS 13...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Adriana Modesto, Catherine Ventura, Kathleen Deeley, Deborah Studen-Pavlovich, Alexandre R Vieira
The purpose of this study was to test two 8-year-old identical twins with ectodermal dysplasia (ED) and their unaffected parents for the presence of mutations in the EDA gene with the hypothesis that they might be carrying a de novo mutation in EDA and potentially eligible for recombinant EDA therapy. DNA was extracted using saliva samples obtained from the identical twin girls and both parents. PCR products of Ectodyplasin A (EDA), Ectodysplasin Receptor (EDAR), Ectodysplasin Receptor Associated Death Domain (EDARADD), and Connexin-30 (GJB6) were sequenced by the Sanger method and the results analyzed using a reference sequence...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Somayeh Hekmatfar, Karim Jafari, Firoz Zadfatah, Sahar Mousavi
Tooth transposition, which is a rare condition, is ascribed to the disturbance of tooth eruption and the subsequent abnormal occlusal relationships. Transpositions mostly involve the upper jaw and more frequently occur between the maxillary canine and first premolar. Herein, we present a case of a maxillary canine‒second molar transposition in a thalassemic patient.
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Suresh Kv, Pramod R C, Seema Roodmal Yadav, Nilesh Kumar, Mounesh Kumar C D, Sreeja P Kumar
Dental anomalies affecting the teeth are relatively common. Simultaneous occurrence of multiple dental abnormalities in a single tooth is uncommon and relatively rare. One such abnormality routinely encountered in dental clinics is the talon cusp. It is also referred to as dens evaginatus, characterized by the presence of an accessory cusp-like structure projecting from the cingulum of anterior teeth. It has an increased predilection for maxillary teeth and permanent dentition. Although numerous cases of talon cusp have been reported in the literature, occurrence of multiple talon cusps in maxillary central incisors has not been found in the literature...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Vandana Kl, Haneet Ryana, Priyanka Jairaj Dalvi
Numerous animal and human studies have provided evidence supporting the belief that periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) can be harnessed for regeneration of periodontal tissues. Based on current literature on the use of ex vivo stem culture and associated problems, this case report describes a novel approach of direct application PDLSCs using stem cell assistance in periodontal regeneration technique (SAI-PRT) for the regeneration of intrabony periodontal defects bypassing ex vivo cultures. SAI-PRT has emerged as a constructive avenue in the treatment of periodontal osseous defects...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Madu Ghana Shyam Prasad, Juvva Ramakrishna, Duvvi Naveen Babu
Stem cells are the pluripotent cells that have the capacity to differentiate into other specialized cells. Recently, many experiments have been conducted to study the potentiality of stem cells in the tissue regeneration. We report two cases treated utilizing stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in the management of periapical lesions in permanent teeth. Two normal human deciduous teeth from children, 7‒8 years of age, were collected to isolate stem cells. Two patients, one with periapical pathology alone and the other with periapical lesion along with an open apex in young permanent teeth, were selected for the study...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Fariba Saleh Saber, Nader Abolfazli, Soheil Jannatii Ataei, Mahsa Taghizade Motlagh, Vahede Gharekhani
Background. Since the misfit of crown has an important role in clinical performance of implant-supported prostheses, and due to the impact of the settling effect on misfit, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of torque forces on the total lengths of narrow and short implant abutments in different internal implant‒abutment connections. Methods. In four different implant‒abutment connections, 8 analog implants with a normal diameter (4 mm) and narrow abutment (4.5 mm) were selected from groups of internal hex, internal octagon, morse hex 6° and morse hex 11°...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Siavash Savadi Oskoee, Mahmoud Bahari, Elmira Jafari Navimipour, Amir Ahmad Ajami, Negar Ghiasvand, Ayda Savadi Oskoee
Background. Bulk-fill composite resins are a new type of resin-based composite resins, claimed to have the capacity to be placed in thick layers, up to 4 mm. This study was carried out to evaluate factors affecting gap formation in Cl II cavities restored using the bulk-fill technique. Methods. A total of 60 third molars were used in this study. Two Cl II cavities were prepared in each tooth, one on the mesial aspect 1 mm coronal to the CEJ and one on the distal aspect 1 mm apical to the CEJ. The teeth were divided into 4 groups: A: The cavities were restored using the bulk-fill technique with Filtek P90 composite resin and its adhesive system and light-cured with quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) light-curing unit...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Manisha Chandwani, Shweta Chandak
Background. The current research aimed to assess the prevalence of facultative anaerobes isolated from the root canals of deciduous molars. Methods. The present research enrolled 60 children in the 6‒9-year age group based on clinical and radiographic findings. Under aseptic conditions, access cavities were prepared followed by collection of samples from infected root canals with the help of sterile paper points. The samples thus obtained were subjected for microbial assay. Results. It was found that Enterococcus faecalis was isolated in 30% of cases, Escherichia coli in 28...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Mehmet Çitak, Taha Özyürek
Background. The aim of this study was to compare the dentinal defects caused by Reciproc, TF Adaptive and ProTaper Next NiTi rotary file systems during the retreatment procedure. Methods. A total of 150 mandibular incisors with straight and single root canals were included in the present study. All the root canals were prepared up to an apical diameter 0.40 mm using stainless steel files. Thirty teeth were randomly stored as the negative control group. A total of 120 specimens were obturated with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer using vertical compaction technique...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Shahriar Shahi, Asmar Bashirzadeh, Hamid Reza Yavari, Farnaz Jafari, Amin Salem Milani, Negin Ghasemi, Mohammad Samiei
Background. of this study was to investigate the effect of different mixing methods (ultrasonic, amalgamator, and conventional) on the bacterial microleakage of white Portland cement (WPC) and white MTA (Tooth-colored Formula, Dentsply, Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK). Methods. A hundred human single-rooted permanent teeth were decoronated to obtain 14 mm of root length in all the samples. The root canals were cleaned, shaped and obturated. Three millimeters of each root apex were cut off and randomly divided into 6 groups of 15 each (3 groups for WMTA and 3 groups for WPC, each with 3 different mixing methods) and 2 positive and negative control groups (each containing 5 samples)...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
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