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Workplace Health & Safety

Omotolu Olaitan Aje, Betty Smith-Campbell, Carol Bett
A preshift stretching program was implemented to evaluate its effectiveness in preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD). Workers in a Midwestern factory were assessed for WMSDs before and after the new 8-min stretching program was implemented. Aggregate WMSD data were evaluated and sick days used from the start of the new program were compared with the same 60-day period the previous year. Potential cost savings were also assessed. The researchers found a significant decline in injury rates and time-off requests...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Dana Lord, Helen Acree Conlon
The health of an airline pilot is imperative to the safe travels of millions of people worldwide. Medical providers evaluate the cardiovascular risks for airline pilots and the medical requirements to obtain and maintain licensure as an airline pilot. It is the role of the occupational health nurse practitioner to evaluate and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in this population.
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Ji Young Song, Kyoung-Sook Jeong, Kyeong-Sook Choi, Min-Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
The extent and severity of the psychological effects following chemical release disasters have not been widely reported. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hydrogen fluoride (HF)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to identify associated psychological risk factors. On September 2012, an estimated 8 to 12 tons of HF gas, which dissolves in air moisture to form droplets of corrosive hydrofluoric acid, escaped from an industrial complex in Gumi, South Korea. Ten months later, structured questionnaires that included items from the Impacts of Event Scale (revised Korean version) as well as questions about demographic and psychological risk factors related to PTSD were distributed to workers in the affected area...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Ruoliang Tang, Margaret Holland, Michelle Milbauer, Elise Olson, Janelle Skora, Jay M Kapellusch, Arun Garg
Nursing personnel, particularly caregivers who frequently perform manual patient transfer tasks, are at risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). The purpose of this study was to perform biomechanical evaluations of bed-to-wheelchair transfer using two low-cost assistive devices: walking belt and gait belt. Twenty-eight college students, serving as caregivers, transferred 14 students, serving as patients. "Caregiver" spinal loading and strength requirements at major joints were measured using a 3D Static Strength Prediction Model...
February 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Ariel Leshchinsky
Noise-induced hearing loss occurs among workers across a wide spectrum of industries. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether annual hearing testing contributed to a change in employees' habits and awareness and aimed to evaluate the use of hearing protection at work and at home. Employees enrolled in a university's hearing conservation program (HCP) were anonymously surveyed regarding their hearing protection habits and awareness of noise exposures on and off the job using a Likert-type scale...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Kelly Fox, Ruth McCorkle
Health care expenditures, patient satisfaction, and timely access to care will remain problematic if dramatic changes in health care delivery models are not developed and implemented. To combat this challenge, a Triple Aim approach is essential; Innovation in payment and health care delivery models is required. Using the Donabedian framework of structure, process, and outcome, this article describes a nurse-led employee-centered care model designed to improve consumers' health care experiences, improve employee health, and increase access to care while reducing health care costs for employees, age 18 and older, in a corporate environment...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Miranda Surjadi
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV), the cause of one of the most common infectious diseases, infects approximately 4 million to 5 million Americans with approximately half of infected individuals undiagnosed. Some workplaces screen employees for HCV exposure and other bloodborne pathogens (BBP) after needlestick injuries, but it is not well known whether employers screen employees for HCV without an occupational exposure. New guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all individuals born between 1945 and 1965 should be screened for HCV regardless of risk; this provides an opportunity at the worksite for HCV outreach to employees, dependents, and retirees...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Karla K Giese
Occupational health clinicians often collect and/or interpret annual wellness biometrics for workers. It is now known that type 1 diabetes can present in stages including presymptomatic/normal glucose, presymptomatic/impaired glucose, and symptomatic/hyperglycemia. A workplace wellness screening case illustrates the concepts, along with background pathophysiology, recommendations for new staging and first degree relative screening, and implications for occupational health nurses.
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Brenda M Ross, Donelle M Barnes
Occupational health nurses motivate employees to engage in healthy behaviors. Both clinicians and researchers need strong theories on which to base decisions for health programs (e.g., healthy diet) and experimental interventions (e.g., workplace walking). The self-determination theory could be useful as it includes concepts of individual autonomy, competence to perform healthy behaviors, and relationships as predictors of health behaviors and outcomes. In this article, the self-determination theory is described and evaluated using Walker and Avant's criteria...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Susan A Randolph
As the popularity of three-dimensional (3D) printers increases, more research will be conducted to evaluate the benefits and risks of this technology. Occupational health professionals should stay abreast of new recommendations to protect workers from exposure to 3D printer emissions.
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Ann Regina Lurati
Using a case study, this article reviews the health risks associated with prolonged sitting and the reasons sedentary workers are at risk for musculoskeletal injuries. Other health issues associated with prolonged sitting or sedentary behavior as well as the benefits of exercise are also explored. Finally, evidence-based interventions to reduce health risks associated with prolonged sitting may increase productivity.
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Stephanie M Phelps, Dana C Drew-Nord, Richard L Neitzel, Margaret I Wallhagen, Michael N Bates, Oi Saeng Hong
The purpose of this study was to assess occupational injury characteristics and predictors among career firefighters. A total of 249 firefighters from central Texas and northern California participated in this Internet-based survey. Approximately 27% of firefighters had reported an occupational injury within the previous 12 months. The majority of injuries occurred on the scene of a non-fire call while performing an activity that required lifting, pushing, or pulling. Firefighters' backs were most frequently injured...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Abbas Alipour, Ali Mahdavi, Hassan Sharifi, Seyed Mahmood Nouraei, Amir Emami Zeydi
This study examined the effect of zinc supplementation on the sleep quality (SQ) of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 54 ICU nurses were randomly assigned to the intervention group ( n = 27) that received 220 mg zinc sulfate capsules every 72 hours for 1 month and the control group ( n = 26) that received placebo. Sleep quality of ICU nurses was measured by calculating the total quality sleep score using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The serum zinc level was a secondary outcome...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Tina Monaghan, Lauren Dinour, Doreen Liou, Melanie Shefchik
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing hospital nurses' dietary practices during their shifts. Semistructured interviews grounded in the Social Ecological Model focused on individual, interpersonal, organizational, and public policy factors affecting intake. Responses from 20 female nurses were qualitatively coded and categorized based on common themes. Four major themes emerged: occupational characteristics, hesitation to take breaks, influence of unhealthy food, and organizational and industry policies...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
L Lee Glenn, Kimberly R Dinsmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Leigh Montejo, Rachel Richesson, B Iris Padilla, Michael E Zychowicz, Crystal Hambley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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