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Workplace Health & Safety

M Susan Jones, Deborah B Reed, Matthew L Hunt
Stress and depression are prevalent among farmers, and suicide has reached epidemic status. Occupational health nurses are in key positions to recognize these mental health issues and use strategies to control this epidemic.
July 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Noreen Chikotas, Rebecca Toothaker
This article, the second in a two-part series, reviews and examines the components of clinical nutrition. In Part 2, the authors discuss nutritional components of fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water. A resource guide is provided for the occupational health nurse to assist in the implementation of employee education in the area of healthy nutrition. The intent of the articles is to acquaint and inform the occupational health nurse on the current guidelines for healthy eating so she or he can better appraise their employee population, thus creating a healthier workforce...
July 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Christina Brigance, Francisco Soto Mas, Victoria Sanchez, Alexis J Handal
Despite the large body of research and literature on the health and mental health of farmers, we should not assume that research findings necessarily apply to the organic farmer. The limited literature on the mental health of the organic farmer points to potential differences. Research has found that workers on organic farms may be happier than their counterparts; others have identified added sources of stress related to the perceived need of organic farmers to embrace concepts linked to the organic movement...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Hloni Nkomo, Ivan Niranjan, Poovendhree Reddy
Forestry work is generally characterized by a combination of personal and environmental risks in health and safety. Employers need to ensure intensive and continuous safety training to mitigate these risks; however, the efficacy of this training is seldom evaluated. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of health and safety training in reducing injuries and improving knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions toward safety among forestry workers in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 harvesting contract workers employed at a forestry company in KZN...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Sheri A Rowland, Marlene Z Cohen, Carol H Pullen, Paula S Schulz, Kris E Berg, Bernice C Yates
A workplace physical activity (PA) study tested a novel use of peers to deliver the intervention. Peer models provided vicarious experience for living physically active lifestyles to a group of inactive women. The purpose of this study was to describe participants' perceptions of the peer modeling intervention. Nine women from the intervention group ( n = 26) participated in a 90-minute focus group. Qualitative description using thematic analysis was used to identify themes from the focus group transcript. Two themes about the intervention were "I am left wanting more" and "focus on food...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Joyce I Karl, Jodi C McDaniel
Evidence has consistently shown that low/limited health literacy (HL) is associated with negative health consequences and higher costs for individuals and society. To generate internal data for employee training and health/wellness programming, an HL assessment of 120 university employees was conducted using the Newest Vital Sign (NVS), a valid and reliable clinical screening tool that asks individuals to interpret a nutrition label. Sociodemographic data were collected and time to administer the NVS tool was also measured...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Sheri A Rowland, Kris E Berg, Kevin A Kupzyk, Carol H Pullen, Marlene Z Cohen, Paula S Schulz, Bernice C Yates
Most working women do not meet current guidelines for physical activity (PA). A 12-week pilot study tested a workplace, peer modeling PA intervention. Inactive female employees from a health system were randomized to an attention control group (ACG; n = 26) or an intervention group (IG; n = 26). The ACG received health information. The IG participated in six group sessions with an active peer model and received an exercise prescription and PA information. Pre and post measures were PA (ActiGraph), Estimated VO2max (cycle ergometer), resting heart rate (HR), glucose and lipids, and cardiovascular risk...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Sung-Heui Bae, Sung-Woo Hwang, Gunjeong Lee
This cross-sectional study used quantitative survey data collected from registered nurses (RNs) who worked as staff nurses in medium-sized (300 beds or less) Korean hospitals. Data from 290 RNs were analyzed to examine the nature and prevalence of staff nurses' work hours, overtime, breaks, and related work conditions. The results showed that staff nurses working in medium-sized Korean hospitals worked 9.6 hours a day on average and had 1.5 breaks daily, including mealtime. The average number of days the nurses skipped a meal due to work during the last month was 6...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Susan A Randolph
Noise-induced hearing loss is a chronic illness that develops gradually over time. Occupational health nurses can intervene in meaningful ways to promote best practices to prevent hearing loss.
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Marjorie C McCullagh
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder contributing to worker absenteeism, decline in productivity, and employer costs. Identification of workers at risk for RLS can contribute to improved worker sleep, safety, and quality of life.
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Morgan Valley, Lorann Stallones
Mindfulness training, which teaches individuals to bring awareness and acceptance to the present moment, has been effective in improving the well-being of health care workers. Limited research examines the adoption of mindfulness practices using health behavior theories. The current study sought to conceptualize hospital health care workers' experiences in adopting mindfulness practices using the Health Belief Model (HBM), a theoretical framework used by health promotion practitioners to design and implement health behavior change interventions...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Soohyun Nam, MinKyoung Song, Soo-Jeong Lee
Nurses have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms from patient handling tasks such as lifting, transferring, and repositioning. Comorbidities such as musculoskeletal symptoms may negatively affect engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). However, limited data are available on the relationship between musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA among nurses. The purpose of this study was to describe musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA, and to examine the relationships of musculoskeletal symptoms, sociodemographics, and body mass index with LTPA among nurses...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Nancy Armstrong
Workplace incivility is a well-documented issue in nursing in the health care setting. It has the potential to cause emotional and physical distress in victims and potentially affects the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to critique and summarize the most recent, available evidence related to interventions in assisting nursing staff working in health care settings in managing incivility. This systematic review of literature yielded 10 studies meeting the criteria. The studies were mostly identified as lower quality research...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Kenya D Kirkendoll, Karen Heaton
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic condition characterized by occlusion of the upper airway during sleep resulting in daytime sleepiness. Drivers with OSA are at a two- to sevenfold increase in risk of motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). Approximately, 13% to 28% of commercial motor vehicle drivers (CMVDs) are thought to have OSA. Obstructive sleep apnea is a significant issue in the transportation industry. Currently, The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Association (FMCSA) does not mandate OSA screening. Federal regulations only specify that CMVDs be free of "respiratory dysfunction" that would impair driving...
July 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Myriam Jean Cadet
Occupational health nurses (OHNs) need to have adequate knowledge and skills to manage and educate individuals about smoking cessation.
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Juanita L Wilson, Debra M Wolf, Kimberly A Olszewski
Obesity is recognized as a national and global health epidemic. Commercial truck drivers (CTDs) have a higher obesity rate and lower life expectancy compared with the general population. CTDs work sedentary jobs with long hours that pose barriers to healthy eating and regular exercise. An evidenced-based practice (EBP) change project that used motivational interviewing (MI) and education regarding diet and exercise over a 4-week period was found to have a positive impact on CTDs behavior. Results revealed an increase in aggregated self-efficacy for weight loss (14...
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Miranda Surjadi
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV), the cause of one of the most common infectious diseases, infects approximately 4 million to 5 million Americans with approximately half of infected individuals undiagnosed. Some workplaces screen employees for HCV exposure and other bloodborne pathogens (BBP) after needlestick injuries, but it is not well known whether employers screen employees for HCV without an occupational exposure. New guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all individuals born between 1945 and 1965 should be screened for HCV regardless of risk; this provides an opportunity at the worksite for HCV outreach to employees, dependents, and retirees...
June 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
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