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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541815/occupational-skin-disease-prevention-an-educational-intervention-for-hairdresser-cosmetology-students
#1
Kara Haughtigan, Eve Main, Tonya Bragg-Underwood, Cecilia Watkins
Cosmetologists frequently develop occupational skin disease related to workplace exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an educational intervention to increase cosmetology students' occupational skin disease knowledge and use of preventive practices. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate students' knowledge, behaviors, intentions, expectancies, and expectations. A 20-minute verbal presentation and printed two-page educational handout were provided for participants. Statistically significant increases in knowledge, frequency of glove use, and frequency of moisturizer use were found, but the frequency of handwashing did not increase...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535713/the-relationship-between-shiftwork-and-violence-against-nurses-a-case-control-study
#2
Steve Sun, Susan Goodwin Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan
This study investigated the potential relationship between shiftwork and work-related physical assault (PA) against nurses who are at high risk of violence globally. Nurses (6,300), randomly selected from the licensing database and working in Minnesota, were surveyed regarding PA experiences. Through a nested case-control study, nurses who reported a PA in the previous 12 months and controls who were randomly selected from their assault-free working months, respectively, identified exposures experienced during the month prior to the assault month (cases) and the random non-PA months (controls)...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535709/a-critical-review-of-low-back-pain-guidelines
#3
Laran Chetty
Low back pain (LBP) remains one of the most common and challenging musculoskeletal conditions encountered by health care professionals and is a leading cause of absenteeism. Clinical guidelines are often considered best evidence in health care. The aim of this critical review was to assess the quality and recommendations of LBP guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument. Electronic databases were used to identify LBP guidelines published between 2000 and 2015. Nine guidelines were selected for review from a total of 17...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511580/deleterious-effects-from-occupational-exposure-to-ethylene-thiourea-in-pregnant-women
#4
Abby D Mutic, Brenda J Baker, Linda A McCauley
Human exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has become common as a result of widespread application of these chemicals to the food supply, environmental contamination, and occupational exposures (Caserta et al., 2011). However, relatively little is known about the effects of EDCs such as ethylene thiourea (ETU) in developing fetuses and the lasting implications of this disruption on human development from birth through adulthood. Of highest concern are chronic, low-dose exposures among industrial and agricultural workers...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486079/work-hours-of-immigrant-versus-u-s-born-female-workers
#5
Sung-Heui Bae
This study was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data extracted from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey. Data from 8,931 full-time (i.e., 21 hours or more per week) women workers aged 18 to 85 years were analyzed to examine the nature and prevalence of immigrant female workers' work hours, overtime, and related factors in the United States compared to U.S.-born female workers. Results showed that foreign-born female workers did not work longer hours than U.S.-born female workers. Foreign-born female workers who reported poor health worked longer hours than did their U...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486035/an-employee-with-undiagnosed-leprosy-are-other-employees-at-risk
#6
Ann R Lurati
MJ is a janitor working in an office building for the past 5 years. He sustained a third-degree burn with a secondary infection and was sent to the county hospital. He was diagnosed with leprosy. The employees in the office building were concerned with the risk of transmission. This article reviews leprosy, and implications for occupational health nurses are discussed.
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486032/barriers-to-the-use-of-assistive-devices-in-patient-handling
#7
Nancy L Noble, Nancy L Sweeney
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a major safety concern in today's health care environment due to the manual lifting of patients with higher acuity levels and obesity. Nurses move patients multiple times each day, incurring cumulative stress and trauma resulting in chronic pain and potential injury. The purpose of this study was to assess barriers to the use of assistive devices in safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) that contribute to WMSD in health care workers. Interpersonal, situational, organizational, and environmental influences have both direct and indirect effects on workers' commitment to use, or their actual likelihood of using, assistive devices...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467753/the-effect-of-mantram-repetition-on-burnout-and-stress-among-va-staff
#8
Sheryl Leary, Kimberly Weingart, Robert Topp, Jill Bormann
In this study, the authors determined the effect of a structured Internet-delivered Mantram Repetition Program (MRP) on burnout and stress of conscience (SOC), stress related to ambiguity from ethical or moral conflicts among health care workers (HCWs) within the Veteran Affairs (VA) Healthcare System. A secondary purpose was to determine whether practicing meditation prior to the study combined with MRP affected burnout or SOC. The MRP teaches the mindful practices of repeating a mantram, slowing down, and one-pointed attention for managing stress...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429630/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#9
Dorota Elżbieta Wandzich, Grażyna Anna Płaza
Work environments are continuously changing with the introduction of new technologies, substances and work processes, changes in the structure of the workforce and labor market, and new forms of employment and work organization. New work situations bring both risks and challenges for workers and employers, which, in turn, may require political, administrative, technical, and regulatory approaches to ensure worker safety and health. This article is based on a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) report, Green Jobs and Occupational Safety and Health, that detailed new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health associated with new technologies in green jobs...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427302/increasing-influenza-immunization-rates-among-retail-employees-an-evidence-based-approach
#10
Leigh Montejo, Rachel Richesson, B Iris Padilla, Michael E Zychowicz, Crystal Hambley
Influenza has a significant impact on the health of Americans and the U.S. economy. Annual influenza immunization can decrease the burden of influenza-related illnesses for both employees and employers. This project evaluated a nurse practitioner-led intervention to increase influenza immunization rates among retail employees from August through December of the 2015-2016 influenza season. The sample included employees from retail locations with on-site convenience care clinics staffed by nurse practitioners...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422611/predictors-of-hearing-protection-use-among-industrial-workers
#11
Kunlayanee Tantranont, Nuntanat Codchanak
Promoting the use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) can prevent noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) among workers who are exposed to excessive noise. In the present study, the authors examine factors that may explain HPD use among industrial workers from 15 manufacturing plants in Thailand. Participants consisted of 268 randomly selected workers exposed to harmful noise levels for which routine HPD use was required. Logistic regression analysis of study variables revealed the most powerful predictors of HPD use were perceived hearing status ( b = 0...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422575/cardiovascular-risk-factors-of-long-term-care-workers
#12
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick
Little is known about long-term care workers' cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Thus, the authors used baseline objective and subjective data from 98 long-term care staff participating in a worksite health promotion study to provide a comprehensive CVD assessment. The median age of the sample was 32 years ( SD = 13.38). Nine (12.2%) participants smoked and 27 (37.0%) participants reported exposure to secondhand smoke. The average nightly hours of sleep was 6.5 ( SD = 1.18), with 24 (32%) participants reporting sleeping at least fairly bad...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414627/the-dangers-of-electrosurgical-smoke-to-operating-room-personnel-a-review
#13
Kevin Bree, Spencer Barnhill, William Rundell
A 2007 study in the United Kingdom showed that three of 98 surgeons surveyed admitted using dedicated smoke extractors; 72% of respondents believed inadequate precautions were in place to protect staff from the potential dangers of electrosurgical smoke. Surgical smoke contains harmful chemicals (e.g., hydrogen cyanide, acetylene, and butadiene) that can circumvent standard masks used in the operating room (OR). In addition, bacteria and viruses can be transmitted through this smoke. The topic of electrosurgical smoke is important to occupational health nurses not only because of their responsibility to protect workers, but also because they, like other health care providers, may be exposed to smoke routinely...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414584/screening-commercial-vehicle-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-tools-barriers-and-recommendations
#14
Kelly A Evans, Tracey Yap, Barbara Turner
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by a cessation of breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep patterns and daytime somnolence. Daytime somnolence is of particular concern for commercial vehicle drivers, whose crash risk increases 50% with untreated OSA. The process of diagnosing and treating OSA in commercial drivers begins with effective and consistent screening. Therefore, the researchers screened drivers with both the STOP-Bang Questionnaire and the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluation Worksheet (OSAEW) and compared the two tools...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414580/identifying-personal-risk-factors-for-falls-in-the-workplace
#15
Ann Regina Lurati
Falls can occur in any occupational setting. Occupational health professionals may focus on creating a safe work environment and training programs to prevent falls. However, an important aspect of safety management is identifying at-risk employees. The purpose of this article is to identify personal risk factors and offer interventions to prevent falls in the workplace.
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414575/prevalence-of-violence-toward-community-nurses-a-questionnaire-survey
#16
Branko Gabrovec
Violence toward nursing staff occurs frequently, particularly in intensive care units and closed or intensive psychiatric facilities, which have been studied previously. However, violence toward community nurses has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to explore the frequency of violence toward community nurses in Slovenia. More than 56% of study respondents were verbally abused by their patients during the past year. More than 42% of all cases of horizontal violence were directed at community nurses...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368696/linking-incidents-in-long-term-care-facilities-to-worker-activities
#17
Rose McCloskey, Cindy Donovan, Alicia Donovan
This article reports on a study examining staff activities being performed when incidents were reported to have occurred. The risk for injury among health care providers who engage in patient handling activities is widely acknowledged. For those working in long-term care, the risk of occupational injury is particularly high. Although injuries and injury prevention have been widely studied, the work has generally focused on incident rates and the impact of specific assistive devices on worker safety. The purpose of this study was to examine reported staff incidents in relation to staff activities...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363035/the-benefits-and-risks-of-crossfit-a-systematic-review
#18
Jena Meyer, Janet Morrison, Julie Zuniga
With the increase in popularity of the CrossFit exercise program, occupational health nurses may be asked questions about the appropriateness of CrossFit training for workers. This systematic literature review was conducted to analyze the current research on CrossFit, and assess the benefits and risks of this exercise strategy. Thirteen studies ( N = 2,326 participants) examined the use of CrossFit training among adults; CrossFit is comparable to other exercise programs with similar injury rates and health outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467287/working-conditions-occupational-injuries-and-health-among-filipino-fish-processing-workers-in-dutch-harbor-alaska
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467286/uncovering-common-sleep-disorders-and-their-impacts-on-occupational-performance
#20
Sylvia R Judd
Sleep is an active process; the body undergoes restoration and regeneration. Adequate sleep is essential to health and cognitive function. Sleep is critical for cell repair, a healthy immune system, and hormonal regulation, and aids in the process of learning, memory, and emotion. Inadequate sleep can lead to multiple chronic health and mental conditions over time. The occupational health nurse can be instrumental in screening for two of the most common sleep disorders, insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea, by asking workers key questions and using simple screening tools...
May 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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