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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020876/screening-for-colorectal-cancer-at-the-worksite
#1
Louise C O'Keefe, Margaret M Sullivan, Amber McPhail, Kristen Van Buren, Nathan Dewberry
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men and women in the United States. To increase statewide CRC screening rates, the Alabama Department of Public Health (through a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] Colorectal Cancer Control Program grant) partnered with The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) and The University of South Alabama (USA) to provide free CRC screening opportunities to eligible University employees and dependents. Resources were invested at both universities to ensure participant education, tracking, and monitoring...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980516/the-opioid-epidemic
#2
Susan A Randolph
The opioid crisis has been declared a national emergency. A multifaceted approach is needed to reduce opioid morbidity and mortality, and occupational health nurses should be actively involved in their workplaces.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980509/hospital-workplace-violence-prevention-in-california-new-regulations
#3
Patricia Pidge Gooch
In response to startling statistics in the increasing number of workplace violence (WPV) incidents against health care workers, California employers across the continuum of care are preparing their organizations to comply with California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (CAL/OSHA) regulation SB 1299. This groundbreaking legislation requires hospitals and other health care settings to implement written strategic prevention plans and broaden the identification and reporting of incidents related to WPV...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975849/computer-vision-syndrome-implications-for-the-occupational-health-nurse
#4
Ann Regina Lurati
Computers and other digital devices are commonly used both in the workplace and during leisure time. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is a new health-related condition that negatively affects workers. This article reviews the pathology of and interventions for CVS with implications for the occupational health nurse.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918696/nature-of-injury-and-risk-of-multiple-claims-among-workers-in-manitoba-health-care
#5
Nelson Ositadimma Oranye
In industrial societies, work-related musculoskeletal disorders are common among workers, frequently resulting in recurrent injuries, work disability, and multiple compensation claims. The risk of idiopathic musculoskeletal injuries is thought to be more than twice the risk of any other health problem among workers in the health care sector. This risk is highly prevalent particularly among workers whose job involves frequent physical tasks, such as patient lifting and transfer. Workers with recurrent occupational injuries are likely to submit multiple work disability claims and progress to long-term disability...
September 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856977/nurses-perceptions-of-their-foot-health-implications-for-occupational-health-care
#6
Minna Stolt, Maija Miikkola, Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
Nursing practice includes static standing and much walking causing strains to lower extremities. However, little is known about nurses' foot health and particularly their perceptions of their foot health. Therefore, in this study operating room nurses' perceptions of their foot health was investigated and promoting and hindering factors were identified. In total, 14 operating room nurses participated in in-depth interviews. The informants regarded foot health as part of general health and moreover a significant part of work well-being...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856976/an-accident-prone-employee-no-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Ann Regina Lurati
An employee is labeled "accident-prone," and sustained an acute lumbar injury at work. Upon physical examination, a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis was suspected. She was referred to a public health clinic for further evaluation. This is a review article of multiple sclerosis and workplace interventions.
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845745/the-relationship-of-welding-fume-exposure-smoking-and-pulmonary-function-in-welders
#8
Laura L Roach
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between occupational exposure to welding fumes and pulmonary function in an effort to add supportive evidence and clarity to the current body of research. This study utilized a retrospective chart review of pulmonary function testing and pulmonary questionnaires already available in charts from preplacement physicals to the most recent test. When comparing smokers to nonsmokers, utilizing multiple regression and controlling for age and percentage of time using a respirator, years welding was statistically significant at p = ...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786326/an-inspection-tool-and-process-to-identify-modifiable-aspects-of-acute-care-hospital-patient-care-units-to-prevent-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#9
Michael P Grant, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Karen Hopcia, Glorian Sorensen, Jack T Dennerlein
A dearth of practical resources is available for evaluating ergonomic risk factors in dynamic health care work environments. Of particular need are tools for inspecting patient care environments for hazards. The goal of this study was to describe the development and application of an inspection tool and a process for identifying hazards inherent in the modifiable aspects of the physical environment to reduce injury risk to hospital workers. Through an iterative and participatory process, the tool and inspection process were developed with three purposes in mind: (a) create a framework for the inspection of physical work environments and physical conditions of work associated with injury risk (hazards), (b) document the physical conditions, and (c) provide feedback to decision makers...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786325/nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-transition-to-shift-work-a-total-worker-health-perspective
#10
Julie Postma, Erica Tuell, Lois James, Janessa M Graves, Patricia Butterfield
Nursing students make an abrupt transition from traditional classes to clinical rotations and shift work. Little is known about students' sleep, sleep disturbances, and safe practice behaviors during this critical phase of professional development. The purpose of this study was to identify nursing students' perceptions of problems and potential solutions related to shift work and long work hours. This qualitative, descriptive study used two nursing student focus groups which engaged in a two-round participatory process aimed at framing future interventions...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770660/exploring-the-synergic-effects-of-nursing-home-work-on-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-nursing-assistants
#11
Shirley S Y Ching, Grace Szeto, Godfrey Kin Bun Lai, Xiao Bin Lai, Ying Tung Chan, Kin Cheung
Little is known about how nursing assistants (NAs) perceive the nature of their work and how their work contributes to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). This qualitative study addressed these gaps. Twenty-four NAs with WMSDs working in four nursing homes participated in semistructured focus group interviews. Their WMSDs were not limited to the lower back but involved several body parts. The risk factors for WMSDs included physical, psychosocial, organizational, and personal factors as well as coworkers and clients...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#12
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982022/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689460/global-threats-from-preventable-injuries
#14
Jennan A Phillips
Preventable injuries kill thousands of the world's population every day and injure millions each year. Road traffic crashes and opioid drug misuse are major causes of these injuries. Increased efforts are needed to promote strong policies, develop new prevention strategies, and protect workers from these global public health threats.
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486079/work-hours-of-immigrant-versus-u-s-born-female-workers
#15
Sung-Heui Bae
This study was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data extracted from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey. Data from 8,931 full-time (i.e., 21 hours or more per week) women workers aged 18 to 85 years were analyzed to examine the nature and prevalence of immigrant female workers' work hours, overtime, and related factors in the United States compared to U.S.-born female workers. Results showed that foreign-born female workers did not work longer hours than U.S.-born female workers. Foreign-born female workers who reported poor health worked longer hours than did their U...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429630/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#16
Dorota Elżbieta Wandzich, Grażyna Anna Płaza
Work environments are continuously changing with the introduction of new technologies, substances and work processes, changes in the structure of the workforce and labor market, and new forms of employment and work organization. New work situations bring both risks and challenges for workers and employers, which, in turn, may require political, administrative, technical, and regulatory approaches to ensure worker safety and health. This article is based on a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) report, Green Jobs and Occupational Safety and Health, that detailed new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health associated with new technologies in green jobs...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422575/cardiovascular-risk-factors-of-long-term-care-workers
#17
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick
Little is known about long-term care workers' cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Thus, the authors used baseline objective and subjective data from 98 long-term care staff participating in a worksite health promotion study to provide a comprehensive CVD assessment. The median age of the sample was 32 years ( SD = 13.38). Nine (12.2%) participants smoked and 27 (37.0%) participants reported exposure to secondhand smoke. The average nightly hours of sleep was 6.5 ( SD = 1.18), with 24 (32%) participants reporting sleeping at least fairly bad...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414584/screening-commercial-vehicle-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-tools-barriers-and-recommendations
#18
Kelly A Evans, Tracey Yap, Barbara Turner
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by a cessation of breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep patterns and daytime somnolence. Daytime somnolence is of particular concern for commercial vehicle drivers, whose crash risk increases 50% with untreated OSA. The process of diagnosing and treating OSA in commercial drivers begins with effective and consistent screening. Therefore, the researchers screened drivers with both the STOP-Bang Questionnaire and the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluation Worksheet (OSAEW) and compared the two tools...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368696/linking-incidents-in-long-term-care-facilities-to-worker-activities
#19
Rose McCloskey, Cindy Donovan, Alicia Donovan
This article reports on a study examining staff activities being performed when incidents were reported to have occurred. The risk for injury among health care providers who engage in patient handling activities is widely acknowledged. For those working in long-term care, the risk of occupational injury is particularly high. Although injuries and injury prevention have been widely studied, the work has generally focused on incident rates and the impact of specific assistive devices on worker safety. The purpose of this study was to examine reported staff incidents in relation to staff activities...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758937/using-pedometers-to-increase-the-non-workday-steps-of-hospital-nursing-and-support-staff-a-pilot-study
#20
Karen A Croteau
Nursing is a physically active profession; however, nurses and nursing support staff may limit their physical activity (PA) on non-workdays. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a 12-week pedometer-based PA intervention on daily steps of hospital nursing and support staff from two departments, emergency (ED) and oncology (ONC). The 12-week minimal-contact, self-managed intervention was designed to increase total and non-workday PA. Twenty participants with an average age of 47.6 ± 7...
October 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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