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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#1
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719762/a-million-steps-developing-a-health-promotion-program-at-the-workplace-to-enhance-physical-activity
#2
María Eugenia González-Dominguez, José Manuel Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Ares-Camerino, Jose Carlos Marchena-Aparicio, Manuel Flores-Muñoz, Inés Infantes-Guzmán, José Manuel León-Asuero, Fernando Casals-Martín
The workplace is a key setting for the prevention of occupational risks and for promoting healthy activities such as physical activity. Developing a physically active lifestyle results in many health benefits, improving both well-being and quality of life. This article details the experience of two Spanish companies that implemented a program to promote physical exercise in the workplace, called "A Million Steps." This program aimed to increase the physical activity of participants, challenging them to reach at least a million steps in a month through group walks...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#3
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703040/metformin-adjunct-therapy-in-cancer-treatment
#4
Ann R Lurati
An employee undergoing cancer treatment was prescribed metformin, a medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and currently used as adjunct therapy for cancer. Metformin's anti-inflammatory properties inhibit tumor growth. It is speculated that cancer cells develop a metabolism that enhances aerobic glycolysis, which promotes cell growth and increases the need for glucose. Metformin decreases insulin in the blood, which decreases the amount of glucose available to cancer cells, thus starving the cells of nutrition, resulting in cell death...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703039/growing-concerns-with-workplace-incivility
#5
Natasha Renee Collins, Bonnie Rogers
Workplace incivility (WPI) is a growing issue across all public and private sectors. Occupational and environmental health nurses can educate employees and management about WPI, its risk factors and characteristics, and ways to reduce incidents of WPI.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703037/mental-health-in-the-workplace
#6
Maureen Cadorette, Jacqueline Agnew
Mental health disorders can have a serious impact on workers' well-being and job success.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691592/reduction-of-sleep-deprivation-and-fatigue-in-mass-transit-rail-operators
#7
Ajeenah L Haynes
Sleep and work schedules differ considerably between rail workers and the broader U.S. workforce. Due to extended work hours and night shift schedules, train and engine service workers who operate passenger trains or move freight are most vulnerable to fatigue. This article addresses the need for comprehensive fatigue risk management systems (FRMS) for rail operators. Using a transactional ergonomic perspective, FRMS are discussed with a focus on fatigue education and administrative controls to reduce feelings of tiredness, low motivation, poor concentration, and low physical activity among mass transit rail operators...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689460/global-threats-from-preventable-injuries
#8
Jennan A Phillips
Preventable injuries kill thousands of the world's population every day and injure millions each year. Road traffic crashes and opioid drug misuse are major causes of these injuries. Increased efforts are needed to promote strong policies, develop new prevention strategies, and protect workers from these global public health threats.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635379/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Gilliam, T. B. (2016). RESPONSE: Workplace Health & Safety, 64(11), 521. (Original doi: 10.1177/2165079916676829) This response incorrectly referred in the text to the lead author of the letter to the editor "Concerns With Medical and Pharmacy Costs for New Hire Nurses" as Churchill. This author's surname should have been listed as Burchill.
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621204/a-pilot-study-of-sleep-work-practices-visual-processing-speed-and-5-year-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-among-truck-drivers
#10
Karen Heaton, Benjamin J McManus, Rachael Mumbower, David E Vance
The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationships between sleep, work practices, speed of processing, and 5-year motor vehicle crash risk among a group of older truck drivers. Anthropometric, demographic, and psychological data were recorded, along with health, sleep, and work histories from a sample of 23 truck drivers. Results from this pilot study suggest that physical fatigue may play a role in processing speed. Future studies should be designed with adequate power and include objective measures of sleep and repeated measures over time to determine 5-year MVC rates...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592209/breastfeeding-patterns-among-employees-at-a-land-grant-university
#11
Joan D Paddock
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, and up to 1 year with complementary food. Breastfeeding rates have improved over the last 20 years, but exclusive breastfeeding, and breastfeeding to 6 months have not yet met Healthy People 2020 goals. Given that the majority of women return to work shortly after delivery, workplace support for breastfeeding could facilitate breastfeeding continuance. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was the first federal legislation to address breastfeeding in the workplace...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583035/intraorganizational-communication-and-job-satisfaction-among-flemish-hospital-nurses-an-exploratory-multicenter-study
#12
Peter Vermeir, Cal Downs, Sophie Degroote, Dominique Vandijck, Els Tobback, Liesbeth Delesie, An Mariman, Myriam De Veugele, Rik Verhaeghe, Bart Cambré, Dirk Vogelaers
Intraorganizational communication affects job satisfaction and turnover. The goal of this study was to explore relationships between communication and job satisfaction, intention to leave, and burnout among Flemish hospital nurses. A multicenter questionnaire study was conducted in three hospitals using the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Turnover Intention subscale of the Questionnaire on the Experience and Evaluation of Work, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. A visual analog scale measured job satisfaction...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541815/occupational-skin-disease-prevention-an-educational-intervention-for-hairdresser-cosmetology-students
#13
Kara Haughtigan, Eve Main, Tonya Bragg-Underwood, Cecilia Watkins
Cosmetologists frequently develop occupational skin disease related to workplace exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an educational intervention to increase cosmetology students' occupational skin disease knowledge and use of preventive practices. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate students' knowledge, behaviors, intentions, expectancies, and expectations. A 20-minute verbal presentation and printed two-page educational handout were provided for participants. Statistically significant increases in knowledge, frequency of glove use, and frequency of moisturizer use were found, but the frequency of handwashing did not increase...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535713/the-relationship-between-shiftwork-and-violence-against-nurses-a-case-control-study
#14
Steve Sun, Susan Goodwin Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan
This study investigated the potential relationship between shiftwork and work-related physical assault (PA) against nurses who are at high risk of violence globally. Nurses (6,300), randomly selected from the licensing database and working in Minnesota, were surveyed regarding PA experiences. Through a nested case-control study, nurses who reported a PA in the previous 12 months and controls who were randomly selected from their assault-free working months, respectively, identified exposures experienced during the month prior to the assault month (cases) and the random non-PA months (controls)...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535709/a-critical-review-of-low-back-pain-guidelines
#15
Laran Chetty
Low back pain (LBP) remains one of the most common and challenging musculoskeletal conditions encountered by health care professionals and is a leading cause of absenteeism. Clinical guidelines are often considered best evidence in health care. The aim of this critical review was to assess the quality and recommendations of LBP guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument. Electronic databases were used to identify LBP guidelines published between 2000 and 2015. Nine guidelines were selected for review from a total of 17...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511580/deleterious-effects-from-occupational-exposure-to-ethylene-thiourea-in-pregnant-women
#16
Abby D Mutic, Brenda J Baker, Linda A McCauley
Human exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has become common as a result of widespread application of these chemicals to the food supply, environmental contamination, and occupational exposures (Caserta et al., 2011). However, relatively little is known about the effects of EDCs such as ethylene thiourea (ETU) in developing fetuses and the lasting implications of this disruption on human development from birth through adulthood. Of highest concern are chronic, low-dose exposures among industrial and agricultural workers...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486079/work-hours-of-immigrant-versus-u-s-born-female-workers
#17
Sung-Heui Bae
This study was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data extracted from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey. Data from 8,931 full-time (i.e., 21 hours or more per week) women workers aged 18 to 85 years were analyzed to examine the nature and prevalence of immigrant female workers' work hours, overtime, and related factors in the United States compared to U.S.-born female workers. Results showed that foreign-born female workers did not work longer hours than U.S.-born female workers. Foreign-born female workers who reported poor health worked longer hours than did their U...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486032/barriers-to-the-use-of-assistive-devices-in-patient-handling
#18
Nancy L Noble, Nancy L Sweeney
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a major safety concern in today's health care environment due to the manual lifting of patients with higher acuity levels and obesity. Nurses move patients multiple times each day, incurring cumulative stress and trauma resulting in chronic pain and potential injury. The purpose of this study was to assess barriers to the use of assistive devices in safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) that contribute to WMSD in health care workers. Interpersonal, situational, organizational, and environmental influences have both direct and indirect effects on workers' commitment to use, or their actual likelihood of using, assistive devices...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467753/the-effect-of-mantram-repetition-on-burnout-and-stress-among-va-staff
#19
Sheryl Leary, Kimberly Weingart, Robert Topp, Jill Bormann
In this study, the authors determined the effect of a structured Internet-delivered Mantram Repetition Program (MRP) on burnout and stress of conscience (SOC), stress related to ambiguity from ethical or moral conflicts among health care workers (HCWs) within the Veteran Affairs (VA) Healthcare System. A secondary purpose was to determine whether practicing meditation prior to the study combined with MRP affected burnout or SOC. The MRP teaches the mindful practices of repeating a mantram, slowing down, and one-pointed attention for managing stress...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628755/the-association-between-skin-rashes-and-work-environment-personal-protective-equipment-and-hygiene-practices-among-female-farmworkers
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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