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Workplace Health & Safety

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Wizner, K., Stradtman, L., Novak, D., and Shaffer, R. (2016). Prevalence of respiratory protective devices in U.S. healthcare facilities: implications for emergency preparedness. Workplace Health & Safety, 64(8):359-368. (Original DOI: 10.1177/2165079916657108 ).
February 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Ahmad Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen A Iqbal, Einas Al-Eisa
Low back pain (LBP) is a common health problem. Professions like physical therapy (PT), involving frequent lifting, bending, or standing, are at risk for developing LBP. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of work-related LBP and factors associated with and consequences of work-related LBP among physical therapists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered online questionnaire (i.e., demographic data, history of LBP before and after working as a physical therapist, work setting, and effect on daily activities) was sent to 600 members of the Saudi PT association...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Surintorn Kalampakorn, Marjorie McCullagh, Sunee Lagampan, Sansanee Keeratiwiriyaporn
The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Pedro Norton, Viviana Costa, Joel Teixeira, Ana Azevedo, António Roma-Torres, Joana Amaro, Liliana Cunha
Bullying is defined as systematic exposure to humiliation as well as hostile and violent behaviors against one or more individuals. These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals. To support the hospital's risk management policy, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bullying in this institution and identify the determinants of bullying. Bullying was measured using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, Portuguese version (NAQ-R), a self-administered tool...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Susan A Randolph
Organizations should foster a culture of appreciation and gratitude, a skill that anyone can learn and from which everyone will benefit.
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Ann R Lurati
Dupuytren's disorder is considered a genetic disorder and therefore not covered under workers' compensation. Personal risk factors include workers of Northern European descent and workers that are older than 50 years. However, new evidence has shown that certain occupational activities may increase the risk of developing this disorder. This article is a review of the literature with a case study. Work-related and personal risk factors are explored, as well as interventions and return to work recommendations...
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Atif Bilal, Hafiz Mushtaq Ahmed
This exploratory study determined the impact of organizational structure, particularly participation in decision making, instrumental communication, formalization, integration, and promotional opportunity, on burnout among Pakistani pediatric nurses. Data were collected from pediatric nurses working for Punjab's largest state-run hospital. The findings revealed that participation in decision making, instrumental communication, and promotional opportunity prevented burnout. Formalization contributed to burnout but integration was not related to burnout...
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Mary A Taschner, Angela Nannini, Margaret Laccetti, Martin Greene
Hospital emergency preparedness has evolved in response to and been challenged by threats of terrorism, meteorological disasters, and public health emergencies. In this case study, the authors examined emergency preparedness policy and practice in Massachusetts hospitals following 9/11/2001, identifying areas of success and opportunities for improvement. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, data analysis included the examination of documents and public health policy. Snowball technique was used to recruit nurses, public health policy makers, and other first responder leaders with historical and present knowledge of emergency preparedness policy and practice...
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Anna Donnla O'Hagan, Johann Issartel, Alan Nevill, Giles Warrington
A growing body of evidence suggests long work hours adversely affect mental health across a variety of domains. Mental health issues have been found to negatively affect work performance. This finding was highlighted in the aviation industry by the 2015 Germanwings incident in which 150 people died. Further investigation into work hours and their associated factors (e.g., demographic characteristics and experiences of sleep and fatigue in the cockpit) contributing to mental health issues among pilots is warranted...
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Karen Elizabeth Michell, Laetitia C Rispel
This article explores stakeholders' perceptions of the quality of occupational health service (OHS) delivery in South Africa. Using a purposive sampling technique, 11 focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in three provinces. Focus group participants ( n = 69) were recruited through professional organizations of occupational physicians and occupational health nurses as well as employer representatives of major industries in South Africa. Transcriptions of FGDs were analyzed using thematic content analysis...
March 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Caitlin A Ceryes, Laura Flamm, Sheila Fitzgerald
A qualitative pilot study was conducted in Baltimore City with the aim of documenting specific occupational safety challenges of small-scale urban retailers, or "corner store" owners. Semistructured interviews with a small sample ( n = 4) revealed significant challenges for owners and workers, and revealed potential areas for occupational health intervention.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Smj Mortazavi, Ghazal Mortazavi, Maryam Paknahad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
N Elizabeth Colvin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Linda Przybysz, Pamela F Levin
The rate for musculoskeletal injuries among health care workers is one of the highest for all industrial sectors in the United States; these injuries often occur during manual handling (i.e., lifting, moving, transferring, and repositioning) of patients. The following article describes the process used to complete a comprehensive assessment, as well as the planning, implementation, and initial evaluation of a quality improvement program to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) among health care workers employed by a rural Midwest hospital...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Jascinth L M Lindo, Janet LaGrenade, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
The health status of Jamaican workers was evaluated as a baseline for workplace health promotion interventions. Socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle data were collected from 1,087 employees. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, and body mass index were measured for study participants. The most common illness reported by the study participants was migraine headaches (16.0%), followed by hypertension (13.5%) and asthma (6.1%). Based on blood pressure measurements, 34.1% were pre-hypertensive (120-139/80-89 mmHg), 13...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Christine Karatza, Sofia Zyga, Styliani Tziaferi, Panagiotis Prezerakos
In this quantitative, cross-sectional study, the authors identified the impact of workplace bullying on nursing staff employed at select Greek public hospitals. They conducted the study using the Negative Acts Questionnaire with a convenience sample of 841 participants employed by five Greek hospitals in the 1st Regional Health Authority of Attica. One third of the respondents reported having been psychologically harassed at work in the past 6 months. According to the results, the impact workplace bullying has on nursing staff varies depending on the existence of a supportive familial or friend environment and if nurses parent children...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Kirsi Lappalainen, Pirjo Manninen, Kimmo Räsänen
The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of prolonged unemployment, health, and work ability among young workers using data from the 2008-2010 Occupational Health Counselling project in Kuopio, Eastern Finland. The total sample for this study was 190 young unemployed adults. The questionnaire included the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, and the Occupational Health Counselling Survey. Multivariate analyses revealed that men had a higher prevalence of prolonged unemployment than women...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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