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Workplace Health & Safety

Bonnie Rogers, Kathleen Buckheit, Judith Ostendorf
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 18 million health care workers in the United States are currently employed in the health care field and at risk of infectious respiratory exposure. With the emergence of global infectious diseases such as Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), there is a need for increased and more clinically competent use of respiratory protection among healthcare workers. In an effort to improve knowledge about the practice of respiratory protection against respiratory infectious agents, a NIOSH-funded project that included an educational program, observations of HCWs, and focus groups was conducted...
November 9, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Jenni M Wise, Karen Heaton, Patricia Patrician
The majority of long-haul truck drivers are affected by fatigue. Notably, fatigue impacts not only quality of life, but the risk for human error, thus impacting the safety of our nation's roads. In 2015, 400,000 trucking accidents occurred with the top driver impairment identified as being "asleep or fatigued." Yet, the current scientific literature reflects different understandings of the concept of fatigue, hindering synchronized measurement and efforts toward its alleviation. The purpose of this work was to analyze the concept of fatigue in long-haul truck drivers using the Rodgers' evolutionary method...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Lin Lin, Guoping He, Jin Yan, Can Gu, Jianfei Xie
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a modified mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program on the levels of stress, affect, and resilience among nurses in general hospitals in mainland China. In addition, the study attempted to determine the impact of the program on job satisfaction. A total of 110 nurses were randomly assigned to the intervention versus control groups. The intervention group participated in a modified 8-week MBSR program. All participants were evaluated with questionnaires at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and 3 months later...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Samar Malaeb, Claudio Esteban Perez-Leighton, Emily E Noble, Charles Billington
Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Susan A Randolph
Nursing Now is a 3-year global campaign (2018-2020) to improve health by raising the profile and status of nursing. Nurses are urged to use their knowledge and skills to the fullest and be leaders and decision makers to provide quality health care.
October 13, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Won Ju Hwang, Oi Saeng Hong, Dae Ryong Kang
The Effort Reward Imbalance tool is a measure of psychosocial work characteristics used to identify work-related stress. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the effort-reward imbalance-short form (ERI-SF) in industrial workers. The Korean version of ERI-SF was tested among 250 blue-collar workers. The reliability, content validity, and construct validity with confirmatory factor analysis, as well as interaction terms were analyzed. Reliability assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficients were satisfactory for all three subscales: effort 0...
October 13, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Sheila A Higgins, Jill Simons
The opioid epidemic is a national public health crisis. It began with the misuse of commonly used prescription opioid pain relievers and has led to the increased use of heroin and illicit fentanyl. Large-scale initiatives have begun on the federal and state level and place an emphasis on improved opioid prescribing, which have important implications for the workplace. Treatment of work injury may initiate the use of prescription opioids and result in misuse and possible overdose. Prescription drug abuse affects all aspects of society so potentially any workplace could be affected...
October 10, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Babak Moeini, Elahe Ezati, Majid Barati, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Naser Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Maryam Afshari
Farmers are among the most common work groups at risk of skin cancer. The protection motivation theory has been widely accepted as a framework for predicting health related behaviors. This study was conducted to determine the role of factors preventing skin cancer among farmers in Eslamabad-e Gharb district, Iran, using the protection motivation theory. In this descriptive study, 280 farmers living in this district were studied from May to June 2017. Using cluster random sampling methods, health houses where farmers received health care were selected...
October 10, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Douglas N Dunbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Shirish Ashtekar, SukhDev Mishra, Vishal Kapadia, Pranab Nag, Gyanendra Singh
Construction workers are at high risk of heat-related illnesses during summer months in India. The personal cooling garment (PCG) is a microclimate assistive device that provides protection from heat stress. The applicability and efficacy of wearing PCG for the physiological and subjective responses were tested on 29 healthy construction workers at actual field worksites. During the test, the climatic conditions were 103.64 ± 38.3°F dry bulb temperature, 41.2 ± 13.4% relative humidity, and wet bulb globe temperature 91...
October 10, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Nik Theodore, Beth Gutelius, Linda Burnham Ma
Informally employed domestic workers encounter a range of workplace hazards, though these have been poorly documented and are typically left unacknowledged. Safety concerns include exposure to toxic cleaning products, a high prevalence of ergonomic injuries, and inadequate access to medical care. Presenting the results of an in-person survey of 2,086 informally employed nannies, housecleaners, and caregivers in 14 U.S. cities, this article documents the range of common health and safety hazards faced by domestic workers and suggests some interventions that could improve their working conditions...
September 28, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Stacy Logsdon, M Laurie Branstetter, Eve Main
Manufacturing workers comprise 8.8% of the total U.S. workforce representing a sizable population for disease prevention and health promotion by occupational health nurses within worksite wellness programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived health status and objective health status including existing chronic disease among rural manufacturing workers. Rural manufacturing workers ( n = 114) completed a general health survey and consented to a retrospective chart review...
September 19, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Mohammed Mohammed Alhaji, Alice Lai, Lin Naing, Nik Ani Tuah
This study aimed to estimate the point prevalence and 1-year period prevalence of skin disorder symptoms (SDS) among health care workers (HCWs) and to explore the possible risk factors. A random sample of 400 HCWs from 13 government health centers in Brunei Darussalam self-administered an adapted Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire (NOSQ-2002/SHORT). The point and 1-year prevalence of SDS were 12% and 19%, respectively. Having a history of SDS before the current job, exposure to SDS-exacerbating materials at the workplace, and having clinical roles were correlated for both prevalence estimates...
September 17, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Hikmet Firat, Melike Yuceege, Sibel Kiran, Metin Akgun, Ahmet Ugur Demir, Murat Aksu, Sadik Ardic, Derya Karadeniz, Zeynep Zeren Ucar, Serhan Sevim, Oya Itil, Hikmet Yilmaz
Sleep problems may have negative effects on work-life balance, overall health, and safety. We aimed to investigate the association between sleep disorders and absenteeism and delay to work (being late or tardy) among the working adult population. The study was conducted by using data from a large survey of working adults who participated in the Turkish Adult Population Epidemiology of Sleep Study (TAPES) managed by Turkish Sleep Medicine Society (TSMS). Secondary analyses was employed to examine absenteeism and delay to work and their associations with sleep problems, including sleepiness by Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), parasomnias, sleep apnea (by Berlin Questionnaire), sleep quality (by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), and restless leg...
September 17, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Sandra J Domeracki, Zachary Landman, Paul D Blanc, Sandeep Guntur
OBJECTIVE: Injury to the gastrocnemius muscle (tennis leg) is a presenting complaint often associated with athletic pursuits. Despite that label, this form of injury is likely to be common to a variety of salaried and nonsalaried pursuits beyond sports. METHOD: We describe the presentation and management of two cases of "tennis leg" injury occurring in an occupational rather than athletic setting and review the relevant medical literature. RESULTS: Partial tears of the medial insertion of the gastrocnemius tendon were documented in both cases, in the first through magnetic resonance imaging and in the second by ultrasound...
August 30, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Meiling Qi, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Benjamin Weeks
Prolonged sitting time has been reported among university workers which can have adverse health effects. The aim of this study was to examine the sitting time, physical activity, and psychological well-being reported by older university office workers. An online self-reported survey was distributed to all office workers 55 years and older at one university in Australia. Sixty-six office workers were recruited. They reported an average sitting time of 7.5 hours per day on weekdays. In all, 72.7% of the sample reported both moderate and high physical activity levels...
August 30, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Jennylynn Balmer
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a chemical used in many industries and has the potential to cause negative health effects. Occupational health nurses can intervene to protect workers from the health hazards associated with Cr(VI).
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Noreen Chikotas, Rebecca Toothaker
This article, the second in a two-part series, reviews and examines the components of clinical nutrition. In Part 2, the authors discuss nutritional components of fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water. A resource guide is provided for the occupational health nurse to assist in the implementation of employee education in the area of healthy nutrition. The intent of the articles is to acquaint and inform the occupational health nurse on the current guidelines for healthy eating so she or he can better appraise their employee population, thus creating a healthier workforce...
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Morgan Valley, Lorann Stallones
Mindfulness training, which teaches individuals to bring awareness and acceptance to the present moment, has been effective in improving the well-being of health care workers. Limited research examines the adoption of mindfulness practices using health behavior theories. The current study sought to conceptualize hospital health care workers' experiences in adopting mindfulness practices using the Health Belief Model (HBM), a theoretical framework used by health promotion practitioners to design and implement health behavior change interventions...
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
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