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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786326/an-inspection-tool-and-process-to-identify-modifiable-aspects-of-acute-care-hospital-patient-care-units-to-prevent-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#1
Michael P Grant, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Karen Hopcia, Glorian Sorensen, Jack T Dennerlein
A dearth of practical resources is available for evaluating ergonomic risk factors in dynamic health care work environments. Of particular need are tools for inspecting patient care environments for hazards. The goal of this study was to describe the development and application of an inspection tool and a process for identifying hazards inherent in the modifiable aspects of the physical environment to reduce injury risk to hospital workers. Through an iterative and participatory process, the tool and inspection process were developed with three purposes in mind: (a) create a framework for the inspection of physical work environments and physical conditions of work associated with injury risk (hazards), (b) document the physical conditions, and (c) provide feedback to decision makers...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786325/nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-transition-to-shift-work-a-total-worker-health-perspective
#2
Julie Postma, Erica Tuell, Lois James, Janessa M Graves, Patricia Butterfield
Nursing students make an abrupt transition from traditional classes to clinical rotations and shift work. Little is known about students' sleep, sleep disturbances, and safe practice behaviors during this critical phase of professional development. The purpose of this study was to identify nursing students' perceptions of problems and potential solutions related to shift work and long work hours. This qualitative, descriptive study used two nursing student focus groups which engaged in a two-round participatory process aimed at framing future interventions...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770660/exploring-the-synergic-effects-of-nursing-home-work-on-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-nursing-assistants
#3
Shirley S Y Ching, Grace Szeto, Godfrey Kin Bun Lai, Xiao Bin Lai, Ying Tung Chan, Kin Cheung
Little is known about how nursing assistants (NAs) perceive the nature of their work and how their work contributes to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). This qualitative study addressed these gaps. Twenty-four NAs with WMSDs working in four nursing homes participated in semistructured focus group interviews. Their WMSDs were not limited to the lower back but involved several body parts. The risk factors for WMSDs included physical, psychosocial, organizational, and personal factors as well as coworkers and clients...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770659/depression-and-behavioral-problems-among-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-employees-of-the-textile-industry-in-india
#4
Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam, Bobby Joseph
Stress and depression are common in textile industry employees due to inadequate working conditions and challenging socioeconomic conditions. The objective of the study was to assess depression and mental health among adolescent and young females currently employed in a textile factory located in Tamil Nadu compared with past employees and women who have never been employed. This cross-sectional study included a total of 107 participants in each study group who were interviewed. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were administered to screen participants for depression and mental health...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759342/respiratory-protection-program-compliance-in-iranian-hospitals-application-of-fuzzy-analytical-hierarchy-process
#5
Marzieh Honarbakhsh, Mehdi Jahangiri, Haleh Ghaem, Payam Farhadi
In hospitals, health care workers (HCWs) are exposed to a wide range of respiratory hazards, which requires using respiratory protective equipment and implementing Respiratory Protection Programs (RPPs). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate RPP implementation in 36 teaching hospitals located in the Fars province of Iran. A researcher-developed checklist, including nine components of the RPP standard, was completed by industrial hygienists in the study hospitals. The Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) was used to determine the weight coefficient of RPP components...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750579/predictors-of-back-pain-in-firefighters
#6
Mantana Damrongsak, Aoyjai Prapanjaroensin, Kathleen C Brown
The purpose of this study was to identify variables-that is, demographic factors (age, history of back pain, body mass index [BMI], and waist circumference), occupational stress, job satisfaction, perceived supervisor support, and physical fitness-that predict back pain in firefighters. Firefighters, an occupational group at high risk for back injury, perform many job tasks under hazardous work conditions. A nonexperimental, correlational design was used to study a convenience sample of 298 male firefighters who completed study questionnaires...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#7
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719762/a-million-steps-developing-a-health-promotion-program-at-the-workplace-to-enhance-physical-activity
#8
María Eugenia González-Dominguez, José Manuel Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Ares-Camerino, Jose Carlos Marchena-Aparicio, Manuel Flores-Muñoz, Inés Infantes-Guzmán, José Manuel León-Asuero, Fernando Casals-Martín
The workplace is a key setting for the prevention of occupational risks and for promoting healthy activities such as physical activity. Developing a physically active lifestyle results in many health benefits, improving both well-being and quality of life. This article details the experience of two Spanish companies that implemented a program to promote physical exercise in the workplace, called "A Million Steps." This program aimed to increase the physical activity of participants, challenging them to reach at least a million steps in a month through group walks...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#9
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703040/metformin-adjunct-therapy-in-cancer-treatment
#10
Ann R Lurati
An employee undergoing cancer treatment was prescribed metformin, a medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and currently used as adjunct therapy for cancer. Metformin's anti-inflammatory properties inhibit tumor growth. It is speculated that cancer cells develop a metabolism that enhances aerobic glycolysis, which promotes cell growth and increases the need for glucose. Metformin decreases insulin in the blood, which decreases the amount of glucose available to cancer cells, thus starving the cells of nutrition, resulting in cell death...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703039/growing-concerns-with-workplace-incivility
#11
Natasha Renee Collins, Bonnie Rogers
Workplace incivility (WPI) is a growing issue across all public and private sectors. Occupational and environmental health nurses can educate employees and management about WPI, its risk factors and characteristics, and ways to reduce incidents of WPI.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703037/mental-health-in-the-workplace
#12
Maureen Cadorette, Jacqueline Agnew
Mental health disorders can have a serious impact on workers' well-being and job success.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689460/global-threats-from-preventable-injuries
#13
Jennan A Phillips
Preventable injuries kill thousands of the world's population every day and injure millions each year. Road traffic crashes and opioid drug misuse are major causes of these injuries. Increased efforts are needed to promote strong policies, develop new prevention strategies, and protect workers from these global public health threats.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621204/a-pilot-study-of-sleep-work-practices-visual-processing-speed-and-5-year-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-among-truck-drivers
#14
Karen Heaton, Benjamin J McManus, Rachael Mumbower, David E Vance
The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationships between sleep, work practices, speed of processing, and 5-year motor vehicle crash risk among a group of older truck drivers. Anthropometric, demographic, and psychological data were recorded, along with health, sleep, and work histories from a sample of 23 truck drivers. Results from this pilot study suggest that physical fatigue may play a role in processing speed. Future studies should be designed with adequate power and include objective measures of sleep and repeated measures over time to determine 5-year MVC rates...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592209/breastfeeding-patterns-among-employees-at-a-land-grant-university
#15
Joan D Paddock
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, and up to 1 year with complementary food. Breastfeeding rates have improved over the last 20 years, but exclusive breastfeeding, and breastfeeding to 6 months have not yet met Healthy People 2020 goals. Given that the majority of women return to work shortly after delivery, workplace support for breastfeeding could facilitate breastfeeding continuance. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was the first federal legislation to address breastfeeding in the workplace...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583035/intraorganizational-communication-and-job-satisfaction-among-flemish-hospital-nurses-an-exploratory-multicenter-study
#16
Peter Vermeir, Cal Downs, Sophie Degroote, Dominique Vandijck, Els Tobback, Liesbeth Delesie, An Mariman, Myriam De Veugele, Rik Verhaeghe, Bart Cambré, Dirk Vogelaers
Intraorganizational communication affects job satisfaction and turnover. The goal of this study was to explore relationships between communication and job satisfaction, intention to leave, and burnout among Flemish hospital nurses. A multicenter questionnaire study was conducted in three hospitals using the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Turnover Intention subscale of the Questionnaire on the Experience and Evaluation of Work, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. A visual analog scale measured job satisfaction...
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746016/response
#17
Ann R Lurati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746015/an-integrative-review-of-text-message-reminders-for-medical-surveillance-examinations
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746014/corrigendum
#19
(no author information available yet)
Arbury, S., Zankowski, D., Lipscomb, J., & Hodgson, M. (2017). Workplace violence training programs for health care workers: an analysis of program elements. Workplace Health & Safety, 65(6), 266-272. (Original DOI: 10.1177/2165079916671534) In this article, the author list was incorrectly ordered in the OnlineFirst and print versions. It should have appeared as follows: Sheila Arbury, MPH, RN, Donna Zankowski, MPH, RN, COHN, Jane Lipscomb, PhD, RN, FAAN, and Michael Hodgson, MPH, MD. This error has been corrected in the online article...
August 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746013/teaching-about-human-papillomavirus-lessons-learned
#20
Shannon Gayle Panther, Kimberly Caye McKeirnan, Julie Marie Akers
Occupational and environmental health nurses play a critical role in educating the public about human papillomavirus (HPV). With HPV vaccination rates remaining low, creative educational models should be explored.
August 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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