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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168437/high-ace-low-wage-workers-occupational-health-nursing-research-and-praxis-through-a-trauma-informed-lens
#1
Marie-Anne Rosemberg, Laura Gultekin, Michelle Pardee
Individuals with a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) disproportionately have poor mental and physical health outcomes. These experiences affect individuals across the life span extending beyond health with deleterious impact on work-related outcomes. Low-wage workers are particularly at risk. Social service and health organizations are becoming aware of the extent to which the populations they serve have been affected by these experiences. Employment support programs may serve high-ACE individuals but likely are unaware of their histories and the developmental or health deficits that result and can impinge on successful employment...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121840/role-of-irrational-beliefs-and-anger-rumination-on-nurses-anger-expression-styles
#2
Eun-Mi Ham, Mi-Jin You
The aim of this study was to identify whether certain cognitive factors, such as irrational beliefs and anger rumination, affect nurses' anger expression styles. A total of 335 nurses employed at four tertiary hospitals in Korea completed surveys between July 29 and September 25, 2015. The surveys included Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale, the Korean Version of the Anger Rumination Scale, and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-Korean version. Results revealed that higher levels of irrational beliefs and anger rumination were associated with more anger-in and anger-out, and less anger-control expressions...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121833/fitbit-activity-trackers-interrupt-workplace-sedentary-behavior-a-new-application
#3
N A Guitar, A MacDougall, D M Connelly, E Knight
This study investigated whether Fitbit devices can reduce sedentary behavior among employees in the workplace. Participants were asked to wear Fitbits during 8-hour work shifts, 5 days per week, for 8 weeks. They were instructed to stand at least once every 30 minutes throughout the workday. The goal of the study was to determine whether standing once every 30 minutes was a feasible strategy for reducing sedentary workplace behavior. On average, participants completed 36 of 40 workdays using Fitbits. The number of times participants stood during an 8-hour workday averaged 12 stands per day (maximum 16 stands per day)...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121832/how-a-simple-ankle-sprain-turned-into-neuropathic-pain-complex-reflex-sympathetic-dystrophy-versus-erythromelalgia
#4
Ann Regina Lurati
A 36-year-old woman sustained a Grade 2 ankle sprain at work. Two days after the injury, the ankle and foot became red and she complained of "intense burning pain." First diagnosed with complex reflex sympathetic dystrophy, the employee was prescribed medications that provided some pain relief; a subsequent temporary nerve block provided additional relief. However, the symptoms returned and she was treated unsuccessfully with surgical sympathectomy. The employee was referred to a neurologist and diagnosed with primary erythromelalgia, a rare pain disorder that can be mistaken as complex reflex sympathetic dystrophy...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117855/evaluating-effective-leadership-and-governance-in-a-midwestern-agricultural-safety-and-health-coalition
#5
Mary J Wendl, Mary E Cramer
Agricultural Centers are a coalition of organizations and individual members with a common purpose: to improve the health and safety of the agricultural community. Successful leadership and governance are essential in accomplishing these goals. This article examined the effectiveness of a midwestern Agricultural Health and Safety Center (Ag Center) leadership and governance structure. The Internal Coalition Outcomes Hierarchy (ICOH) framework and the Internal Coalition Effectiveness (ICE(©)) instrument were used, with field visit interviews conducted to gain further insight...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117816/aaohn-member-opinions-on-demonstrating-value-a-closer-look-at-the-findings
#6
Karen Mastroianni
An assessment was conducted to update a tool kit published by the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN) in 1998. The original document, Success Tool for Measuring and Articulating Value, had been a respected resource. Although the AAOHN guide, Demonstrating Value, is a tool with steps and examples for demonstrating value, the intention of this article is to explore the rich data collected during the assessment process, which included interviews with occupational health nurse leaders and an AAOHN member survey...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117804/a-systematic-review-of-occupational-health-and-safety-business-cases
#7
Geunjae Lee
Business cases are arguments developed to secure management commitment and approval for investment in an intervention. This systematic review evaluated 12 experimental and quasi-experimental studies on occupational health and safety interventions (OHSI) in various settings. The search engines used in this systematic review include PubMed, CINAHL, and Scopus. A cost and benefit analysis of OHSI was completed at the organizational level in these studies. The focus of this analysis included sample, design, theoretical framework, interventional strategies, and threats to validity and outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073827/needlestick-and-sharps-injuries-among-nursing-students-in-nanjing-china
#8
Xujun Zhang, Yu Chen, Yang Li, Jie Hu, Cong Zhang, Zhen Li, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are a major cause of occupational injuries for health care workers worldwide. In this study, the authors report the prevalence of and risk factors for NSIs among Chinese nursing students. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 442 nursing students; 393 completed questionnaires were submitted. A total of 237 (60.3%) nursing students reported NSIs, which were more commonly reported by female students, younger students, students who worked frequent night shifts, students without safety training, and students who did not use personal protective equipment...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064329/erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Alghadir, A., Zafar, H., Iqbal, Z. A., Al-Eisa, E. (2017). Work-related low back pain among physical therapists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Workplace Health & Safety, 65(8), 337-345. (Original DOI: 10.1177/2165079916670167). The following acknowledgment should have been included in this article. The text is included below. Acknowledgment The authors are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University for funding through Vice Deanship of Scientific Research Chairs.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053053/methylene-chloride
#10
Jennan A Phillips
Methylene chloride is an industrial solvent used in commercial paint strippers and degreasing agents. This chemical is widely used in consumer products, yet without appropriate protections, exposure may lead to death. Already banned in some countries, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently proposed limiting its use in the United States.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053050/down-time-during-work-time
#11
Deepak Gupta, Adnan Restum, George McKelvey
An idle body can harbor an idle mind that often brews something appalling in emptiness. Refreshing one's mind during Down-Time (Me-Time) with "harmless" activities is a must whether at home or at the workplace.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020876/screening-for-colorectal-cancer-at-the-worksite
#12
Louise C O'Keefe, Margaret M Sullivan, Amber McPhail, Kristen Van Buren, Nathan Dewberry
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men and women in the United States. To increase statewide CRC screening rates, the Alabama Department of Public Health (through a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] Colorectal Cancer Control Program grant) partnered with The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) and The University of South Alabama (USA) to provide free CRC screening opportunities to eligible University employees and dependents. Resources were invested at both universities to ensure participant education, tracking, and monitoring...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980509/hospital-workplace-violence-prevention-in-california-new-regulations
#13
Patricia Pidge Gooch
In response to startling statistics in the increasing number of workplace violence (WPV) incidents against health care workers, California employers across the continuum of care are preparing their organizations to comply with California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (CAL/OSHA) regulation SB 1299. This groundbreaking legislation requires hospitals and other health care settings to implement written strategic prevention plans and broaden the identification and reporting of incidents related to WPV...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975849/computer-vision-syndrome-implications-for-the-occupational-health-nurse
#14
Ann Regina Lurati
Computers and other digital devices are commonly used both in the workplace and during leisure time. Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is a new health-related condition that negatively affects workers. This article reviews the pathology of and interventions for CVS with implications for the occupational health nurse.
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155648/the-benefits-and-risks-of-crossfit-a-systematic-review
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980516/the-opioid-epidemic
#16
Susan A Randolph
The opioid crisis has been declared a national emergency. A multifaceted approach is needed to reduce opioid morbidity and mortality, and occupational health nurses should be actively involved in their workplaces.
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703040/metformin-adjunct-therapy-in-cancer-treatment
#17
Ann R Lurati
An employee undergoing cancer treatment was prescribed metformin, a medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and currently used as adjunct therapy for cancer. Metformin's anti-inflammatory properties inhibit tumor growth. It is speculated that cancer cells develop a metabolism that enhances aerobic glycolysis, which promotes cell growth and increases the need for glucose. Metformin decreases insulin in the blood, which decreases the amount of glucose available to cancer cells, thus starving the cells of nutrition, resulting in cell death...
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621204/a-pilot-study-of-sleep-work-practices-visual-processing-speed-and-5-year-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-among-truck-drivers
#18
Karen Heaton, Benjamin J McManus, Rachael Mumbower, David E Vance
The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationships between sleep, work practices, speed of processing, and 5-year motor vehicle crash risk among a group of older truck drivers. Anthropometric, demographic, and psychological data were recorded, along with health, sleep, and work histories from a sample of 23 truck drivers. Results from this pilot study suggest that physical fatigue may play a role in processing speed. Future studies should be designed with adequate power and include objective measures of sleep and repeated measures over time to determine 5-year MVC rates...
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592209/breastfeeding-patterns-among-employees-at-a-land-grant-university
#19
Joan D Paddock
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life, and up to 1 year with complementary food. Breastfeeding rates have improved over the last 20 years, but exclusive breastfeeding, and breastfeeding to 6 months have not yet met Healthy People 2020 goals. Given that the majority of women return to work shortly after delivery, workplace support for breastfeeding could facilitate breastfeeding continuance. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was the first federal legislation to address breastfeeding in the workplace...
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535713/the-relationship-between-shiftwork-and-violence-against-nurses-a-case-control-study
#20
Steve Sun, Susan Goodwin Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan
This study investigated the potential relationship between shiftwork and work-related physical assault (PA) against nurses who are at high risk of violence globally. Nurses (6,300), randomly selected from the licensing database and working in Minnesota, were surveyed regarding PA experiences. Through a nested case-control study, nurses who reported a PA in the previous 12 months and controls who were randomly selected from their assault-free working months, respectively, identified exposures experienced during the month prior to the assault month (cases) and the random non-PA months (controls)...
December 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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