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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182860/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
Wizner, K., Stradtman, L., Novak, D., and Shaffer, R. (2016). Prevalence of respiratory protective devices in U.S. healthcare facilities: implications for emergency preparedness. Workplace Health & Safety, 64(8):359-368. (Original DOI: 10.1177/2165079916657108 ).
February 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121518/work-related-low-back-pain-among-physical-therapists-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#2
Ahmad Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen A Iqbal, Einas Al-Eisa
Low back pain (LBP) is a common health problem. Professions like physical therapy (PT), involving frequent lifting, bending, or standing, are at risk for developing LBP. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of work-related LBP and factors associated with and consequences of work-related LBP among physical therapists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered online questionnaire (i.e., demographic data, history of LBP before and after working as a physical therapist, work setting, and effect on daily activities) was sent to 600 members of the Saudi PT association...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075716/factors-predicting-the-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-among-occupational-health-nurses-in-thailand
#3
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Surintorn Kalampakorn, Marjorie McCullagh, Sunee Lagampan, Sansanee Keeratiwiriyaporn
The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068478/dupuytren-s-contracture
#4
Ann R Lurati
Dupuytren's disorder is considered a genetic disorder and therefore not covered under workers' compensation. Personal risk factors include workers of Northern European descent and workers that are older than 50 years. However, new evidence has shown that certain occupational activities may increase the risk of developing this disorder. This article is a review of the literature with a case study. Work-related and personal risk factors are explored, as well as interventions and return to work recommendations...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061740/prevalence-and-determinants-of-bullying-among-health-care-workers-in-portugal
#5
Pedro Norton, Viviana Costa, Joel Teixeira, Ana Azevedo, António Roma-Torres, Joana Amaro, Liliana Cunha
Bullying is defined as systematic exposure to humiliation as well as hostile and violent behaviors against one or more individuals. These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals. To support the hospital's risk management policy, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bullying in this institution and identify the determinants of bullying. Bullying was measured using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, Portuguese version (NAQ-R), a self-administered tool...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941089/evaluation-of-stress-experienced-by-emergency-telecommunications-personnel-employed-in-a-large-metropolitan-police-department
#6
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Sophia J Chung, Amanda A Anderson
Emergency telecommunications personnel (ETCP) form the hub of police agencies and persistently deal with distressing situations on a daily basis, making them highly susceptible to psychological and physiological ailments. To date, few studies have examined the necessity or feasibility of implementing a resilience training intervention for ETCP. In this study, the authors assessed baseline psychological data from the ETCP of a large police department to determine the differences in baseline measures for ETCP and police officers...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941087/enhancing-the-safety-climate-and-reducing-violence-against-staff-in-closed-hospital-wards
#7
Valerie Isaak, Dana Vashdi, Dor Bar-Noy, Hava Kostisky, Shmuel Hirschmann, Alexander Grinshpoon
This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention program to enhance unit safety climate and minimize employee risk of injury from patient violence. The intervention program, including a 3-day workshop, was offered to personnel on maximum security units of an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Safety climate was examined before and after the implementation of the intervention, and incidents of patient violence were investigated. Six months after the intervention, a significant improvement in employees' perceptions of management's commitment to safety as well as a marginally significant improvement in communication about safety issues were found...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913810/an-integrative-review-of-text-message-reminders-for-medical-surveillance-examinations
#8
REVIEW
Tammy Lockhart, Gordon Lee Gillespie, Valorie Grant
The purpose of this integrative review was to evaluate the use of text message (TM) reminders to promote timely medical surveillance examinations (MSEs). Notifying employees of scheduled MSE appointments is challenging. Text messaging can be used by occupational health nurses to remind employees of needed examinations. SCOPUS was searched for relevant studies between 2005 and 2015, resulting in nine articles meeting inclusion criteria. Seven of the nine articles reported significant improvement in attendance rates, with one study demonstrating no-show rates could be reduced by 51% using TM reminders...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#9
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056210/cooperation-between-occupational-health-services-and-small-scale-enterprises-in-norway-and-sweden
#10
Stig Vinberg, Lisa Torsdatter Markussen, Bodil J Landstad
Although small-scale enterprises (SSEs) dominate the private enterprise sector, knowledge about support for these organizations from occupational health services (OHSs) is insufficient. The aim of this research was to study OHS services provided and staff cooperation with SSEs in Norway and Sweden. In total, 87 Norwegian and 51 Swedish OHS providers answered a survey on their experiences providing requested services from and cooperation with SSEs. Based on survey questions and constructed indices, providers in the two countries were compared using independent sample t tests and non-parametric tests...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895237/emotional-labor-links-to-depression-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-call-center-workers
#11
Hye-Jin Kim, Jina Choo
Little evidence links emotional labor to either psychological or physical health. This study determined whether the two types of emotional labor (i.e., surface vs. deep acting) were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in call center workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 workers recruited from a call center in Seoul, South Korea. In adjusted regression models, levels of surface, but not deep, acting were significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms...
November 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195830/investigating-the-occupational-challenges-of-corner-store-workers-operating-in-baltimore-city-food-deserts
#12
Caitlin A Ceryes, Laura Flamm, Sheila Fitzgerald
A qualitative pilot study was conducted in Baltimore City with the aim of documenting specific occupational safety challenges of small-scale urban retailers, or "corner store" owners. Semistructured interviews with a small sample ( n = 4) revealed significant challenges for owners and workers, and revealed potential areas for occupational health intervention.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195829/methylmercury-exposure-in-women-of-childbearing-age-and-children
#13
Smj Mortazavi, Ghazal Mortazavi, Maryam Paknahad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195828/response
#14
N Elizabeth Colvin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195827/initial-results-of-an-evidence-based-safe-patient-handling-and-mobility-program-to-decrease-hospital-worker-injuries
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027013/overuse-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-work-related-injuries
#16
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941088/initial-results-of-an-evidence-based-safe-patient-handling-and-mobility-program-to-decrease-hospital-worker-injuries
#17
Linda Przybysz, Pamela F Levin
The rate for musculoskeletal injuries among health care workers is one of the highest for all industrial sectors in the United States; these injuries often occur during manual handling (i.e., lifting, moving, transferring, and repositioning) of patients. The following article describes the process used to complete a comprehensive assessment, as well as the planning, implementation, and initial evaluation of a quality improvement program to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) among health care workers employed by a rural Midwest hospital...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903917/the-health-of-office-based-workers-in-kingston-jamaica
#18
Jascinth L M Lindo, Janet LaGrenade, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
The health status of Jamaican workers was evaluated as a baseline for workplace health promotion interventions. Socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle data were collected from 1,087 employees. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, and body mass index were measured for study participants. The most common illness reported by the study participants was migraine headaches (16.0%), followed by hypertension (13.5%) and asthma (6.1%). Based on blood pressure measurements, 34.1% were pre-hypertensive (120-139/80-89 mmHg), 13...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422474/workplace-bullying-among-the-nursing-staff-of-greek-public-hospitals
#19
Christine Karatza, Sofia Zyga, Styliani Tziaferi, Panagiotis Prezerakos
In this quantitative, cross-sectional study, the authors identified the impact of workplace bullying on nursing staff employed at select Greek public hospitals. They conducted the study using the Negative Acts Questionnaire with a convenience sample of 841 participants employed by five Greek hospitals in the 1st Regional Health Authority of Attica. One third of the respondents reported having been psychologically harassed at work in the past 6 months. According to the results, the impact workplace bullying has on nursing staff varies depending on the existence of a supportive familial or friend environment and if nurses parent children...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353508/association-among-sociodemograhic-factors-work-ability-health-behavior-and-mental-health-status-for-young-people-after-prolonged-unemployment
#20
Kirsi Lappalainen, Pirjo Manninen, Kimmo Räsänen
The purpose of this study was to explore the associations of prolonged unemployment, health, and work ability among young workers using data from the 2008-2010 Occupational Health Counselling project in Kuopio, Eastern Finland. The total sample for this study was 190 young unemployed adults. The questionnaire included the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, and the Occupational Health Counselling Survey. Multivariate analyses revealed that men had a higher prevalence of prolonged unemployment than women...
February 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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