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Workplace Health & Safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075716/factors-predicting-the-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-among-occupational-health-nurses-in-thailand
#1
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Surintorn Kalampakorn, Marjorie McCullagh, Sunee Lagampan, Sansanee Keeratiwiriyaporn
The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068478/dupuytren-s-contracture
#2
Ann R Lurati
Dupuytren's disorder is considered a genetic disorder and therefore not covered under workers' compensation. Personal risk factors include workers of Northern European descent and workers that are older than 50 years. However, new evidence has shown that certain occupational activities may increase the risk of developing this disorder. This article is a review of the literature with a case study. Work-related and personal risk factors are explored, as well as interventions and return to work recommendations...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061740/prevalence-and-determinants-of-bullying-among-health-care-workers-in-portugal
#3
Pedro Norton, Viviana Costa, Joel Teixeira, Ana Azevedo, António Roma-Torres, Joana Amaro, Liliana Cunha
Bullying is defined as systematic exposure to humiliation as well as hostile and violent behaviors against one or more individuals. These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals. To support the hospital's risk management policy, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bullying in this institution and identify the determinants of bullying. Bullying was measured using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, Portuguese version (NAQ-R), a self-administered tool...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941089/evaluation-of-stress-experienced-by-emergency-telecommunications-personnel-employed-in-a-large-metropolitan-police-department
#4
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Sophia J Chung, Amanda A Anderson
Emergency telecommunications personnel (ETCP) form the hub of police agencies and persistently deal with distressing situations on a daily basis, making them highly susceptible to psychological and physiological ailments. To date, few studies have examined the necessity or feasibility of implementing a resilience training intervention for ETCP. In this study, the authors assessed baseline psychological data from the ETCP of a large police department to determine the differences in baseline measures for ETCP and police officers...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941088/initial-results-of-an-evidence-based-safe-patient-handling-and-mobility-program-to-decrease-hospital-worker-injuries
#5
Linda Przybysz, Pamela F Levin
The rate for musculoskeletal injuries among health care workers is one of the highest for all industrial sectors in the United States; these injuries often occur during manual handling (i.e., lifting, moving, transferring, and repositioning) of patients. The following article describes the process used to complete a comprehensive assessment, as well as the planning, implementation, and initial evaluation of a quality improvement program to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) among health care workers employed by a rural Midwest hospital...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941087/enhancing-the-safety-climate-and-reducing-violence-against-staff-in-closed-hospital-wards
#6
Valerie Isaak, Dana Vashdi, Dor Bar-Noy, Hava Kostisky, Shmuel Hirschmann, Alexander Grinshpoon
This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention program to enhance unit safety climate and minimize employee risk of injury from patient violence. The intervention program, including a 3-day workshop, was offered to personnel on maximum security units of an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Safety climate was examined before and after the implementation of the intervention, and incidents of patient violence were investigated. Six months after the intervention, a significant improvement in employees' perceptions of management's commitment to safety as well as a marginally significant improvement in communication about safety issues were found...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913810/an-integrative-review-of-text-message-reminders-for-medical-surveillance-examinations
#7
REVIEW
Tammy Lockhart, Gordon Lee Gillespie, Valorie Grant
The purpose of this integrative review was to evaluate the use of text message (TM) reminders to promote timely medical surveillance examinations (MSEs). Notifying employees of scheduled MSE appointments is challenging. Text messaging can be used by occupational health nurses to remind employees of needed examinations. SCOPUS was searched for relevant studies between 2005 and 2015, resulting in nine articles meeting inclusion criteria. Seven of the nine articles reported significant improvement in attendance rates, with one study demonstrating no-show rates could be reduced by 51% using TM reminders...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#8
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056210/cooperation-between-occupational-health-services-and-small-scale-enterprises-in-norway-and-sweden
#9
Stig Vinberg, Lisa Torsdatter Markussen, Bodil J Landstad
Although small-scale enterprises (SSEs) dominate the private enterprise sector, knowledge about support for these organizations from occupational health services (OHSs) is insufficient. The aim of this research was to study OHS services provided and staff cooperation with SSEs in Norway and Sweden. In total, 87 Norwegian and 51 Swedish OHS providers answered a survey on their experiences providing requested services from and cooperation with SSEs. Based on survey questions and constructed indices, providers in the two countries were compared using independent sample t tests and non-parametric tests...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027013/overuse-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-work-related-injuries
#10
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903917/the-health-of-office-based-workers-in-kingston-jamaica
#11
Jascinth L M Lindo, Janet LaGrenade, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
The health status of Jamaican workers was evaluated as a baseline for workplace health promotion interventions. Socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle data were collected from 1,087 employees. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, and body mass index were measured for study participants. The most common illness reported by the study participants was migraine headaches (16.0%), followed by hypertension (13.5%) and asthma (6.1%). Based on blood pressure measurements, 34.1% were pre-hypertensive (120-139/80-89 mmHg), 13...
November 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895237/emotional-labor-links-to-depression-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-call-center-workers
#12
Hye-Jin Kim, Jina Choo
Little evidence links emotional labor to either psychological or physical health. This study determined whether the two types of emotional labor (i.e., surface vs. deep acting) were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in call center workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 workers recruited from a call center in Seoul, South Korea. In adjusted regression models, levels of surface, but not deep, acting were significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms...
November 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872407/fatigue-work-schedules-and-perceived-performance-in-bedside-care-nurses
#13
Knar Sagherian, Michael E Clinton, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Jeanne Geiger-Brown
Hospital nurses are expected to maintain optimal work performance; yet, fatigue can threaten safe practice and result in unfavorable patient outcomes. This descriptive cross-sectional study explored the association between fatigue, work schedules, and perceived work performance among nurses. The study sample included 77 bedside nurses who were mostly female, single, and between 20 and 29 years of age. The majority worked 8-hour shifts and overtime. Nurses who worked during off days reported significantly higher chronic fatigue compared with those nurses who took time off...
November 21, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864396/work-life-and-family-life-collide-online-support-for-new-fathers
#14
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
The purpose of this investigation was to analyze online discussions about parental leave in relation to the work lives and private lives of new fathers. A netnographic study of nearly 100 discussion threads from a freely accessible online forum for fathers was conducted. Data were coded, sorted, and categorized by qualitative similarities and differences. The results of the study indicate that new fathers seek Internet forums to discuss work-related topics. Parental leave can provoke worries and anxiety related to management and co-worker attitudes which can create concern that they should be back at work...
November 18, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856994/nurse-educators-occupational-and-leisure-sitting-time
#15
Lizbeth P Sturgeon, Dawn Garrett-Wright, Eve Main, Donna Blackburn, M Susan Jones
Prolonged sitting time (ST) is a risk factor for all-cause mortality, independent of physical activity. Nurse educators are particularly at risk due to limited physical activity, older age, and the increasing use of computers. This descriptive correlational study was designed to explore the ST of nurse educators in relation to their self-reported health status and general health indicators. A convenience sample of 56 nurse educators was recruited, and participants completed demographic items, general health questions, and the Workforce Sitting Questionnaire (WSQ; Chau, van der Ploeg, Dunn, Kurko, & Bauman, 2011)...
November 17, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807256/truck-drivers-use-of-the-internet-a-mobile-health-lifeline
#16
Karen Heaton, Bryan Combs, Russell Griffin
Because of their social isolation, irregular and unpredictable schedules, limited access to health care, and long periods of travel, long-haul truckers may benefit from the use of mobile health applications on Internet-capable devices. The purpose of this study was to determine Internet access and usage among a sample of long-haul truck drivers. In this cross-sectional study, truck drivers completed a pencil and paper survey with questions on demographics, work and health histories, and Internet access and usage for both personal and job reasons...
November 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794076/work-family-conflict-sleep-and-mental-health-of-nursing-assistants-working-in-nursing-homes
#17
Yuan Zhang, Laura Punnett, Angela Nannini
Work-family conflict is challenging for workers and may lead to depression, anxiety, and overall poor health. Sleep plays an important role in the maintenance of mental health; however, the role of sleep in the association between work-family conflict and mental health is not well-studied. Questionnaires were collected from 650 nursing assistants in 15 nursing homes. Multivariate linear regression modeling demonstrated that increased work-family conflict was associated with lower mental health scores (β = -2...
October 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794075/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-breastfeeding-among-working-mothers-in-south-jordan
#18
Eyad Altamimi, Reem Al Nsour, Duaa Al Dalaen, Neyaf Almajali
Breast milk is the ideal food for human infants, with benefits to mothers and babies. However, working mothers are more likely to choose not to breastfeed or to interrupt breastfeeding prematurely. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes among working mothers in South Jordan. Four hundred cross-sectional, self-administered Arabic surveys were distributed to working mothers at their workplaces. In addition to measuring mothers' knowledge of and attitudes toward breastfeeding, barriers that prevented continuing breastfeeding beyond 6 months were also explored...
October 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055518/rocky-mountain-spotted-fever
#19
Jennan Phillips
The tick-borne disease Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) can have deadly outcomes unless treated appropriately, yet nonspecific flu-like symptoms complicate diagnosis. Occupational health nurses must have a high index of suspicion with symptomatic workers and recognize that recent recreational or occupational activities with potential tick exposure may suggest RMSF.
January 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055517/a-review-of-worksite-lactation-accommodations
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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