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Workplace Health & Safety

Kristin D Ashley, Loretta T Lee, Karen Heaton
Despite improvements in the treatment of stroke, many individuals still face cognitive, emotional, and physical impairments. Stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability and subsequent failure to return to work (RTW). The purpose of this literature review was to synthesize and discuss the literature relevant to factors affecting RTW for stroke survivors, summarize the identified gaps, and discuss steps occupational health nurses can take to facilitate RTW among stroke survivors. A literature search was conducted using the keywords: "stroke," "cerebrovascular disease," "return to work," and "employment...
January 7, 2019: Workplace Health & Safety
Tasha Heaton, Laura K Hurst, Azita Amiri, Claudiu T Lungu, Jonghwa Oh
In the United States, there are more than 120,000 nail salons in which workers could be potentially exposed to a number of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) used in various procedures. Measuring workers exposure in the field is time-consuming and could be very expensive. The purpose of this study was to estimate the VOC levels in the proximity of workers in nail salons through simulating the application process of some popular nail polishes in a laboratory chamber. The worst-case scenario was defined as a worker's exposure during nail polish application to one set of fingernails every 15 minutes for an 8-hour shift (total nail sets = 32)...
January 7, 2019: Workplace Health & Safety
Dawn S Stone, Carol L Pavlish, Patricia A Ganz, Elizabeth Anne Thomas, Jacqueline N Casillas, Wendie A Robbins
Work provides satisfaction and stability to young adult cancer survivors. However, progressive health changes because of cancer may compromise safety and diminish functional ability. The purpose of this study was to describe long-term young adult cancer survivors' work experiences and describe their interactions with occupational and environmental health professionals (OEHPs) within the workplace. Cancer survivors were recruited from the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program. Professional organizations provided access to OEHPs...
January 4, 2019: Workplace Health & Safety
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Takuto Tsuchiya, Toshihiro Kawamoto
The quality of workers' dietary intake could be influenced by their working conditions. This review aimed to summarize the published literature examining the association between work-related factors, such as work hours, shift work, physical strain, mental strain, job strain, support, and diet quality. The literature search, conducted in PubMed, was limited to articles published from 2000 to 2017, written in English, available online, and among workers employed in high-income countries. The search resulted in 16 articles that met the criteria...
January 2, 2019: Workplace Health & Safety
Shuai Yang, Jingmei Lu, Jiaqi Zeng, Liqian Wang, Yinglan Li
This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among intensive care nurses in the Hunan Province of China. Nurses working in mixed intensive care units of 20 tertiary hospitals in this province participated in an online survey regarding work-related musculoskeletal injuries. The seven-part questionnaire included basic demographics; job and workplace characteristics; risk perception; physical, psychosocial, and workplace organizational factors; and musculoskeletal symptoms...
December 22, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Lingli Li, Xiaofan Deng, Hongxia Zhang, Hui Yang, Jiali Chen, Xiaoling Hou, Ning Ning, Jiping Li
The study aimed to gain knowledge about low back pain (LBP) in nurses working in the orthopedic departments of tertiary hospitals in Sichuan province, China. We used a cross-sectional survey to examine the prevalence of LBP among 797 inpatient nurses who had worked for 1 year in an orthopedic department in one of 29 hospitals (Grade 3A) in Sichuan province. The survey included a questionnaire to determine the prevalence of LBP and factors related to LBP, a screening graph of LBP symptoms, the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) for LBP...
December 21, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Carol Bishop Mills, Marieke Keller, Alexa Chilcutt, Mark D Nelson
Workplace bullying is associated with a host of negative outcomes for the worker who is the target of bullying, as well as for the organization where the bullying occurs. Moreover, we know that rates of bullying are particularly high in health care settings; however, we are less familiar with the factors that may reduce workplace bullying in hospitals. Thus, this study was conducted to determine whether the humor orientation styles of individuals, including nurses working in hospitals, as well as their managers' leadership styles, can influence perceptions of bullying in the workplace...
December 21, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Jennan A Phillips
Leptospirosis is a leading zoonotic disease for morbidity and mortality in humans globally. Occupational health nurses should teach workers and the public about leptospirosis and the importance of disrupting the infection source through rodent control, animal vaccination, and flood prevention.
December 21, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Ivreen Robinson
Workplace violence is common in health care settings. Occupational and environmental health nurses should educate employees about measures to prevent violence in the workplace.
December 7, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Aşkın Keser, Jian Li, Johannes Siegrist
The body of research pertaining to work-related stress and health among Turkish workers is sparse. It was the aim of this study to test the feasibility of two work stress scales of the Turkish short version of the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI-SV) questionnaire among staff and faculty in an academic university setting. We also assessed and examined if work stress was associated with depressive symptoms, using Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. The two ERI-SV scales and the CES-D scale were distributed to 170 study subjects employed at a southern university in Turkey, in which 67% ( n = 114/170) responded...
November 15, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Stephanie Hammond, Jennan A Phillips
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a serious and life-threatening event. Educating workers and communities on exposure sources, symptoms, and prevention is an important role for occupational health nurses.
November 15, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Candace Sandal
Evidence has consistently revealed international travelers are increasing in numbers every year as more folks travel for business, pleasure, humanitarian reasons, and medical tourism. Clinicians who consistently counsel travelers are well acquainted with the last-minute traveler who would benefit from a travel health assessment, vaccine administration, and health and safety information to manage travel-related issues while en route and upon arrival. Instruction in travel emergencies and packing tips, with advice to be able to address common travel issues associated health matters, are important strategies for the traveler to understand and better navigate his or her journey...
November 15, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Bonnie Rogers, Kathleen Buckheit, Judith Ostendorf
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 18 million health care workers in the United States are currently employed in the health care field and at risk of infectious respiratory exposure. With the emergence of global infectious diseases such as Ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), there is a need for increased and more clinically competent use of respiratory protection among healthcare workers. In an effort to improve knowledge about the practice of respiratory protection against respiratory infectious agents, a NIOSH-funded project that included an educational program, observations of HCWs, and focus groups was conducted...
November 9, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Jenni M Wise, Karen Heaton, Patricia Patrician
The majority of long-haul truck drivers are affected by fatigue. Notably, fatigue impacts not only quality of life, but the risk for human error, thus impacting the safety of our nation's roads. In 2015, 400,000 trucking accidents occurred with the top driver impairment identified as being "asleep or fatigued." Yet, the current scientific literature reflects different understandings of the concept of fatigue, hindering synchronized measurement and efforts toward its alleviation. The purpose of this work was to analyze the concept of fatigue in long-haul truck drivers using the Rodgers' evolutionary method...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Lin Lin, Guoping He, Jin Yan, Can Gu, Jianfei Xie
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a modified mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program on the levels of stress, affect, and resilience among nurses in general hospitals in mainland China. In addition, the study attempted to determine the impact of the program on job satisfaction. A total of 110 nurses were randomly assigned to the intervention versus control groups. The intervention group participated in a modified 8-week MBSR program. All participants were evaluated with questionnaires at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and 3 months later...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Samar Malaeb, Claudio Esteban Perez-Leighton, Emily E Noble, Charles Billington
Increased prevalence of obesity may be due to an increase of being sedentary at work. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) using walking workstations may increase total physical activity and promote a leaner physical body composition (or phenotype). The purpose of this study was to test whether walking slowly during work was sufficient to promote a leaner phenotype by increasing physical activity in sedentary desk workers without inducing compensation or a decrease in activity or energy expenditure during the nonworking hours...
October 29, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
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January 2019: Workplace Health & Safety
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November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Jennylynn Balmer
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is a chemical used in many industries and has the potential to cause negative health effects. Occupational health nurses can intervene to protect workers from the health hazards associated with Cr(VI).
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Noreen Chikotas, Rebecca Toothaker
This article, the second in a two-part series, reviews and examines the components of clinical nutrition. In Part 2, the authors discuss nutritional components of fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water. A resource guide is provided for the occupational health nurse to assist in the implementation of employee education in the area of healthy nutrition. The intent of the articles is to acquaint and inform the occupational health nurse on the current guidelines for healthy eating so she or he can better appraise their employee population, thus creating a healthier workforce...
November 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
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