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Workplace Health & Safety

Gabriel Macasiray Garcia, Butch de Castro
This study explored how unique environmental conditions in Alaska influenced occupational health and safety for Filipino fish processing workers, many of whom migrated from warm locations (e.g., the Philippines, California, and Nevada). In-depth interviews were conducted with 26 Filipino workers in one commercial fish processing company in Dutch Harbor. Results indicated that cold weather interferes with workers' job performance, increasing their risk for injury and illness, whereas the community's isolation and rural nature causes loneliness and boredom, resulting in more high-risk behaviors...
October 11, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Atif Bilal, Hafiz Mushtaq Ahmed
This exploratory study determined the impact of organizational structure, particularly participation in decision making, instrumental communication, formalization, integration, and promotional opportunity, on burnout among Pakistani pediatric nurses. Data were collected from pediatric nurses working for Punjab's largest state-run hospital. The findings revealed that participation in decision making, instrumental communication, and promotional opportunity prevented burnout. Formalization contributed to burnout but integration was not related to burnout...
September 6, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Mary A Taschner, Angela Nannini, Margaret Laccetti, Martin Greene
Hospital emergency preparedness has evolved in response to and been challenged by threats of terrorism, meteorological disasters, and public health emergencies. In this case study, the authors examined emergency preparedness policy and practice in Massachusetts hospitals following 9/11/2001, identifying areas of success and opportunities for improvement. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, data analysis included the examination of documents and public health policy. Snowball technique was used to recruit nurses, public health policy makers, and other first responder leaders with historical and present knowledge of emergency preparedness policy and practice...
August 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Anna Donnla O'Hagan, Johann Issartel, Alan Nevill, Giles Warrington
A growing body of evidence suggests long work hours adversely affect mental health across a variety of domains. Mental health issues have been found to negatively affect work performance. This finding was highlighted in the aviation industry by the 2015 Germanwings incident in which 150 people died. Further investigation into work hours and their associated factors (e.g., demographic characteristics and experiences of sleep and fatigue in the cockpit) contributing to mental health issues among pilots is warranted...
August 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Bonnie Rogers, William B Bunn, Bradley A Connor
The fields of travel and international medicine are rapidly changing and growing. The role of occupational and travel health nurses is expanding and should be a focus for the future. At the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Annual meeting on March 24, 2015, in Boston, five presentations were included in the session, An Update on Travel Vaccines and Issues in Travel and International Medicine. This article summarizes three of the presentations and includes a portion of the information generated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) included in the fourth presentation...
August 23, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Maggie Stedman-Smith, Diana M Kingsbury, Cathy L Z Dubois, Scott F Grey
The annual costs of influenza are in the billions of dollars, with employers bearing substantial burdens. Yet, influenza vaccine uptake is sub-optimal. A random survey was administered to employees at a Midwestern public university using mixed quantitative and qualitative methods to identify the rate, characteristics, and barriers of self-reported flu vaccine uptake during March-April of 2012. The lowest uptake was among adults, ages 18 to 49 (29.8%), even though they are included in universal recommendations...
August 18, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Susan A Randolph
Occupational health nurses play a valuable role in educating workers and supervisors about the risk factors and warning signs of ischemic stroke.
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Joan S Grant, Lucinda J Graven
The article provides an overview of sulfonylureas and meglitinides as second-line agents for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Implications for occupational health clinicians who work with these individuals when they take either of these medications to achieve target glycemic indices are emphasized.
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Janessa M Graves, Tracy A Klein
This study examined nurse practitioners' (NPs) previous experiences and comfort levels in treating adolescents with work-related injuries in two states where NPs have statutory authority to treat work-related injuries. The authors surveyed all actively licensed NPs in Washington and Oregon (N = 4,849). Factors associated with NPs' previous experiences and comfort in treating adolescents with work-related injuries were identified using modified Poisson regression. Less than a quarter of respondents (21.1%, n = 225) reported having ever treated an adolescent for a work-related injury...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Lu Tang, Jane S Baker, Cui Zhang Meadows
This article examines dialectical tensions in the health narratives of participants of the Employee Wellness Program (EWP) of a large public university in the southeastern United States. Semi-structured interviews (n = 12) with team leaders in the program indicated that health is a multifaceted concept characterized by three pairs of dialectical tensions: autonomy versus connection, private versus public, and control versus lack of control. These findings suggest that to better promote health and wellness in the workplace, EWP staff should consider employees' unique experiences and beliefs about health when designing organization-wide programs and campaigns...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Melinda H Huffman
The increasing demand for health coaches and wellness coaches in worksite health promotion and the marketplace has resulted in a plethora of training programs with wide variations in coaching definitions, content, attributes, and eligibility of those who may train. It is in the interest of public awareness and safety that those in clinical practice take the lead in this discussion and offer a reasonable contrast and comparison focusing on the risks and responsibilities of health coaching in particular. With the endorsement of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN), the National Society of Health Coaches, whose membership is primarily nurses, discusses the issue and states its position here...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Guy Fragala
In recent years, safe patient handling in the health care industry has been addressed by various stakeholders, but much work remains to reduce health care worker injuries, and improve safety and care quality for patients. Recently, safe patient handling in ambulatory care settings has gained attention. As health care delivery evolves, demands on ambulatory care will increase and more dependent patients will visit ambulatory care clinics. Typically, ambulatory care clinics are not equipped with appropriate safe patient handling equipment...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Paul Terpeluk, Bruce Rogen, Thomas Gilliam
Nurses often encounter situations that require lifting patients, often using awkward body positions. Hiring nurses with strength suitable for these jobs decreases nurses' risk for illness and injury and would be expected to result in more appropriate and lower health care, pharmacy, and disability costs. The physical strength of new hire nurse applicants was assessed using a defensible isokinetic evaluation in the years 2011 and 2012. Health care and pharmacy costs were monitored for the first 12 months following date of hire and compared with costs for nurses hired without screening during the prior 2 years (2009 and 2010)...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Bryan Combs, Karen Heaton
Occupational health nursing has evolved since the late 19th century and, with the inclusion of advanced practice nursing, has become essential to the health and safety of workers. A key component of the knowledge required of advanced practice occupational health nurses is an understanding of what it means for workers to be fit for duty The definition or concept of being fit for duty varies depending on the point-of-view of the health care provider. Health care providers across all professions must have a consistent understanding of what it means to be fit for duty Literature shows that professions and specialties that often collaborate have varying ideas about what it means to be fit for duty These differences highlight the need for a consistent concept that can be used across professions, is holistic, and incorporates other concepts critical to all points of view...
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Kerri Wizner, Lindsay Stradtman, Debra Novak, Ronald Shaffer
An online questionnaire was developed to explore respiratory protective device (RPD) prevalence in U.S. health care facilities. The survey was distributed to professional nursing society members in 2014 and again in 2015 receiving 322 and 232 participant responses, respectively. The purpose of this study was to explore if the emergency preparedness climate associated with Ebola virus disease changed the landscape of RPD use and awareness. Comparing response percentages from the two sampling time frames using bivariate analysis, no significant changes were found in types of RPDs used in health care settings...
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Jennan A Phillips, Anavernyel Neyland
Zika virus (ZIKV) infections are the latest global public health emergency. Occupational health nurses can protect society by educating workers, women of childbearing age, and others traveling in ZIKV-infected areas about prevention strategies.
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Jaqueline Girnos Sonati, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino, Roberto Vilarta, Érika da Silva Maciel, Renato José Ferreira Sonati, Paulo Cézar Paduan
Rotating shiftwork is common for air traffic controllers and usually causes sleep deprivation, biological adaptations, and life changes for these workers. This study assessed quality of life, the sleep, and the health of 30 air traffic controllers employed at an international airport in Brazil. The objective was to identify health and quality of life concerns of these professionals. The results identified physical inactivity, overweight, excess body fat, low scores for physical and social relationships, and sleep deprivation for workers in all four workshifts...
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, Yune Kyong Kim, Jung Hee Kim
The purpose of this study was to identify the probability of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) risk factors among middle-aged Korean Chinese (KC) migrant women workers compared to comparable native Korean (NK) women workers. Using matched samples based on the propensity score matching method, 10-year CVD risk was calculated and MS risk factors identified. Logistic regression and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis were conducted. The probability of KC migrants' 10-year CVD risk was significantly lower (6...
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
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