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Oral & Implantology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285338/treatment-of-maxillary-retained-canine-with-implants-new-perspectives
#1
E El Haddad, R Calcaterra, G El Haddad, V Candotto, D Lauritano
Purpose: The surgical-orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canine (IMC) remains a challenge to today's clinicians. The aim of the present paper is to describe an unconventional treatment of IMC with insertion of implant into the retained canine and 3 years follow-up. Case report: A 55-year-old female patient attended to rehabilitate her maxillary left canine site. An unconventional approach was proposed to the patient. A large diameter tapered implant (Ø 5 × 18 mm) was inserted (Nobel Active, Kolten, Swisse)...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285337/management-of-the-exposure-of-a-dense-ptfe-d-ptfe-membrane-in-guided-bone-regeneration-gbr-a-case-report
#2
P Ghensi, W Stablum, E Bettio, M C Soldini, T R Tripi, C Soldini
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a well-established and generally predictable method for repairing alveolar ridge defects and preparing edentulous sites for implant placement. Standard GBR involves filling the space underneath a membrane with autogenous bone or a mixture composed of autogenous bone particles and allogeneic bone tissue or heterologous biomaterials. The use of a barrier membrane for GBR has sometimes been associated with complications, however - reportedly involving exposure, infection, and collapse - and the non-resorbable types of membrane seem to be involved more often than the resorbable solutions...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285336/surgiplanner-a-new-method-for-one-step-oral-rehabilitation-of-severe-atrophic-maxilla
#3
A Busato, V Vismara, F Grecchi, E Grecchi, D Lauritano
The implant-prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous upper jaws has always been complex for surgeons and dentists. The lack of bone in both vertical and horizontal dimension does not allow the correct insertion of dental implants. In addition, patients with edentulous upper and lower arch have a loss of vertical dimension of the face and an aged expression. Many surgical techniques have been proposed to increase the bone volume, height and thickness, such as the Le Fort I osteotomy, the bone grafts and the placement of dental implants...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285335/treatment-of-severe-atrophic-maxilla-with-zygomatic-implants-a-case-series
#4
I Balan, M DI Girolamo, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Treatment of severe maxillary atrophy with implants has achieved important successes in recent years. The limit of implant insertion is related to inadequate bone quantity (i.e. height and width). Alveolar bone grafting, sinus lifting and major grafting via Le Fort I osteotomy have used in the past to restore bone volume prior of implant insertion. However successes do not always occur and a second stage surgery is necessary in most cases. Immediate loading cannot be performed in all grafted bone. In recent years a new treatment approach has been proposed by using zygomatic implants...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285334/bisphosphonates-therapy-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-clinical-experience-in-oral-surgery
#5
G Ierardo, M Bossù, G D'Angeli, M Celli, G Sfasciotti
Objectives: To define the possible complications of oral surgery in childhood in patients affected by type 1 Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and treated with bisphosphonates (BP). Methods: The study was conducted among 20 patients in childhood with an age range 8-14 (12 ♂ e 8 ♀) affected by OI. Patients were initially evaluated at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Rare Disease Center Skeletal Dysplasia-Bone Metabolic Pathologies and after at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Head and Neck Department, UOC Pediatric Dentistry...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285333/obstructive-site-localization-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-comparison-between-otolaryngologic-data-and-cephalometric-values
#6
D DI Venere, M Corsalini, G M Nardi, A Laforgia, F R Grassi, B Rapone, F Pettini
Purpose: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a respiratory disorder characterized by repeated obstructive episodes affecting upper airways.This study aims at examining the anatomical craniofacial and pharyngeal characteristics of the patient as to identify the obstructive site which triggers the pathologic process.Correlations between otolaryngologic data observed in the patient and the cephalometric ones for the identification of the obstructive site were also highlighted. Materials and methods: We worked on a sample of 16 patients, 12 males and 4 females, attended to at the Otolaryngology Operative Unit of Bari University Hospital...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285332/correlations-between-dental-malocclusions-ocular-motility-and-convergence-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-growing-subjects
#7
P Bollero, M R Ricchiuti, G Laganà, G DI Fusco, R Lione, P Cozza
Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze the association between dento-skeletal malocclusions, ocular motility, and convergence disorders in growing subjects. Materials and methods: 84 subjects (49 males, 35 females) with a mean age of 7.3±1.7 years were enrolled in a screening procedure for celiac disease at the Department of Gastroenterology of the University of Rome "Tor Vergata". Each child underwent an orthodontic, orthoptic, and ophtalmological examination...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285331/risk-assessment-of-colonization-of-legionella-spp-in-dental-unit-waterlines
#8
D Lauritano, M Nardone, R M Gaudio, V Candotto, F Carinci
The aerosol produced during the use of dental instruments can spread pathogens potentially harmful to health. Most of the pathogens found in hydraulic system are Gram-negative aerobic heterotrophic environmental bacterial species exhibiting very low pathogenicity, although they may be of concern in the treatment of vulnerable patients, such as immunocompromised, medically compromised individuals and dental team. Dental team can be exposed to pathogenic microorganisms including cytomegalovirus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex virus and Legionella spp...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285330/prosthetic-management-of-patients-with-oro-maxillo-facial-defects-a-long-term-follow-up-retrospective-study
#9
G Gastaldi, L Palumbo, C Moreschi, E F Gherlone, P Capparé
Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine the outcome of maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation after oncological resections, including both intra- and extra-oral prosthetic devices. Methods: In this study were included 72 patients, who have undergone an intra or extra-oral maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation after an oncologic resection. Tumors on the head and neck were analyzed and the defects of these resections have been divided in two different groups: intra and extra-oral defects...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285329/the-flap-recovery-on-the-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery-comparing-3-different-flap-designs-a-clinical-study
#10
L Ottria, F Luciani, P Piva, A M Alagna, C Arcuri, F N Bartuli
Aim: The purpose of the study was to analyze the healing of the deep and superficial lower first and second molars periodontium, after the surgical extraction of the contiguous impacted third molar, comparing 3 mucoperiosteal flap designs. Materials and methods: 150 patients which had to undergo a impacted lower third molar surgery were enrolled in this study. They were checked from day 0 to day 90, in order to focus on the recovery quality of the soft tissues around the lower second molar, comparing 3 different flap designs...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285328/a-new-spiral-dental-implant-a-tool-for-oral-rehabilitation-of-difficult-cases
#11
I Balan, R Calcaterra, D Lauritano, E Grecchi, F Carinci
Spiral dental implant (SDI) is an implant with a conical internal helix that confers the characteristic of self-drilling, self-tapping, and self-bone condensing. These proprieties offer better control during insertion of SDI giving a high primary stabilization, even in poor quality bone. A shorter diameter of SDI results in reduced drilling during insertion and consequently less trauma and minimal bone loss. To address the research purpose, the investigators designed a retrospective cohort study. The study population was composed of 25 patients, 11 males and 14 females that have been treated by Dr...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285327/clinical-protocol-with-digital-cad-cam-chairside-workflow-for-the-rehabilitation-of-severely-worn-dentition-patients
#12
Fed Germano, Fra Germano, M Piro, C Arcuri, L Ottria
Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness and to describe a clinical protocol with digital CAD CAM chairside workflow for the rehabilitation of severely compromised and worn dentitions. Methods: This article reports 4 consecutive cases, where a clinical digital chairside workflow is used for the rehabilitation of severely compromised and worn dentitions. Advantages and limitations of this method compared with the traditional prosthetic protocol are also described and discussed...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285326/3d-x-ray-microscopic-analysys-on-a-prosthetically-loaded-implant-with-platform-switching-and-conical-connection-a-case-report
#13
M DI Girolamo, L Baggi, P Pirelli, L Pappalardo, G Massei, F Iaculli, G Iezzi, A Piattelli, R Calcaterra
The histological and histomorphometrical examination were the gold standard in the qualitative and quantitative analyses of the peri-implant tissue around the implant. In recent years, the field of microscopy has witnessed a considerable enhancement of the performance of microscopes that have very high resolution performance and allowing very sophisticated analysis even larger than traditional preparations. The possibility to have an affordable analyses of whole implant with the surrounding different tissues (soft and hard tissues) without the traditional pre-treatment necessary for the histological analysis may represent a goal to describe material properties and behaviors or simply to visualize structural details...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285325/a-new-system-of-implant-abutment-connection-how-to-improve-a-two-piece-implant-system-sealing
#14
F Grecchi, M DI Girolamo, F Cura, V Candotto, F Carinci
Purpose: Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful dentistry techniques for replacing missing teeth. The success rate of implant dentistry is above 80%. However, peri-implantitis is a later complication of implant dentistry that if untreated, can lead to implant loss. One of the hypotized causes of peri-implantis is the bacterial leakage at the level of implant-abutment connection. Bacterial leakage is favored to the presence of a micro gap at the implant-abutment interface, allowing microorganisms to penetrate and colonize the inner part of the implant leading to biofilm accumulation and consequently to peri-implantitis development...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285324/focus-on-periodontal-disease-and-colorectal-carcinoma
#15
REVIEW
D Lauritano, L Sbordone, M Nardone, A Iapichino, L Scapoli, F Carinci
Diagnosis of focal disease, the theory that the human oral microbial (HOM) could affect the onset and development of systemic diseases, was very popular in the past, but the lack of scientific evidence has led to the abandonment of this idea. Interestingly, increasing evidence over the past 3 or so decades suggests that HOM can indeed serve as a reservoir for systemic dissemination of pathogenic bacteria and their toxins in distant body sites, favouring the developments of malignant tumours. Malignant tumours are complex communities of oncogenically transformed cells with aberrant genomes, associated non-neoplastic cells including immune and stromal cells, and sometimes HOM, including bacteria and viruses...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285323/cytology-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-drug-induced-gingival-hypertrophy-a-rewiew
#16
REVIEW
F Luciani, G Paolantonio, C Calabrese, L Calabrese
Introduction: Gingival hypertrophy is a frequent condition associated to the increased number of patients taking some categories of drugs. The goal of this work is to emphasize the importance of diagnosis to set a proper therapy. Material and methods: The plaque accumulation in patients having a poor oral hygiene damages the periodontium and requires the application of strict professional and home hygiene protocols. Results and conclusion: The drug-induced gingival proliferation knowledge is essential in order to succeed in working with the internist and in planning a precise therapy, without interfering with the metabolism of drugs, often necessary and irreplaceable for patients' health...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285322/hpv-infection-in-the-oral-cavity-epidemiology-clinical-manifestations-and-relationship-with-oral-cancer
#17
REVIEW
V Candotto, D Lauritano, M Nardone, L Baggi, C Arcuri, R Gatto, R M Gaudio, F Spadari, F Carinci
Purpose: The aim of this paper is to describe epidemiology and clinical manifestations of oral infection by Human papillomavirus (HPV), with particular attention to potential malignant lesions. Materials and methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to describe the state of the art about HPV infection in oropharyngeal mucosa and its modalities of transmission, with particular attention to possible simultaneous infection in multiple anatomic sites...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757939/correlation-between-parodontal-indexes-and-orthodontic-retainers-prospective-study-in-a-group-of-16-patients
#18
D DI Venere, F Pettini, G M Nardi, A Laforgia, G Stefanachi, V Notaro, B Rapone, F R Grassi, M Corsalini
PURPOSE: Fixed retainers are used to stabilize dental elements after orthodontic treatment. Being it a permanent treatment, it is necessary to instruct patients about a constant and continuous monitoring of their periodontal conditions and a correct oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to highlight the possible adverse effects of bonded retainers on parameters correlated to the health conditions of periodontal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 16 patients, under treatment in the Orthodontics Department of University of Bari Dental School, who had undergone a lingual retainer insertion at the end of the orthodontic treatment...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757938/postextraction-computer-guided-implant-surgery-in-partially-edentate-patients-with-metal-restorations-a-case-report
#19
A Pinto, C Raffone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe a postextraction, computer-guided protocol for implant-prosthetic rehabilitations in partially edentate patients with metal restorations. METHODS: A 60-year-old man with a loose FDP (fixed dental prosthesis) in the first quadrant was selected for a postextraction computer guided implantology according with the 2-piece radiographic template protocol. A two components radiographic template was produced, with the teeth setup portion based on the wax-up...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757937/a-comparative-study-of-antibacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-mouthrinse-containing-tea-tree-oil
#20
C Salvatori, L Barchi, F Guzzo, M Gargari
The study evaluated the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory efficacy, domiciliary oral hygiene, of a mouthrinse containing Tea Tree Oil (TTO) comparing it with two mouthrinses containing chlorhexidine 0,12% respectively and essential oils, and a placebo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study, randomized 4 × 4, controlled, cross-over, double-blind. 16 subjects with gingivitis (7 males and 9 females) aged 21-37 years, were randomly divided into four groups based on mouthwash that had to be used for domiciliary oral hygiene: mouthwash with essential oils, mouthwash with chlorhexidine 0,12 %, mouthwash containig tea tree oil and mouthwash placebo...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
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