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Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914915/physical-activity-modifies-the-association-between-dietary-protein-and-lean-mass-of-postmenopausal-women
#1
Jessica A Martinez, Betsy C Wertheim, Cynthia A Thomson, Jennifer W Bea, Robert Wallace, Matthew Allison, Linda Snetselaar, Zhao Chen, Rami Nassir, Patricia A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of lean muscle mass and related strength is associated with lower risk for numerous chronic diseases of aging in women. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether the association between dietary protein and lean mass differs by physical activity level, amino acid composition, and body mass index categories. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants were postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative with body composition measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (n=8,298)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914914/association-between-dietary-isoflavones-in-soy-and-legumes-and-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Xue-Shan Zhong, Jing Ge, Shao-Wei Chen, Yi-Quan Xiong, Shu-Juan Ma, Qing Chen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported conflicting findings between soy- and legume-derived dietary isoflavones and risk of endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantitatively investigate the association between daily intake of soy- and legume-derived isoflavones and risk of endometrial cancer. DESIGN: A broad search was conducted in the following electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, and the Chinese Biomedical Database based on combinations of the key words endometrial cancer, isoflavone, soy, and legume for epidemiologic studies that focused on relationships between dietary isoflavones and endometrial cancer risk...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#3
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890478/association-of-dietary-habits-with-psychosocial-outcomes-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-the-al-%C3%A3-ndalus-project
#4
P Ruiz-Cabello, A Soriano-Maldonado, M Delgado-Fernandez, I C Alvarez-Gallardo, V Segura-Jimenez, F Estevez-Lopez, D Camiletti-Moirón, V A Aparicio
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex multidimensional disorder with pain as its main symptom. Fibromyalgia imposes a psychosocial burden on individuals that negatively impacts quality of life. The relationship of dietary habits with these psychosocial aspects is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess dietary habits in a representative sample of women with FM and to explore their association with mental health, depression, and optimism in this population...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889315/school-based-obesity-prevention-policies-and-practices-and-weight-control-behaviors-among-adolescents
#5
Nicole Larson, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin E Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy eating and physical activity within school settings is an important component of population-based strategies to prevent obesity; however, adolescents may be vulnerable to weight-related messages, as rapid development during this life stage often leads to preoccupation with body size and shape. OBJECTIVE: This study examines secular trends in secondary school curricula topics relevant to the prevention of unhealthy weight-control behaviors; describes cross-sectional associations between weight-related curricula content and students' use of weight-control behaviors; and assesses whether implementation of school-based obesity-prevention policies/practices is longitudinally related to students' weight-control behaviors...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889314/dietary-patterns-during-adulthood-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#6
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Frank B Hu, Heather L Corliss
BACKGROUND: Lesbian and bisexual women are at greater risk of being obese than heterosexual women; however, there is little research on dietary intake among lesbian and bisexual women. OBJECTIVE: This study estimated differences in dietary quality and intake during adulthood comparing heterosexual women to lesbian and bisexual women. DESIGN: Biennial mailed questionnaires were used to collect data from a cohort between 1991 and 2011. Heterosexual-identified women were the reference group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#7
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
November 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863994/understanding-the-physics-of-functional-fibers-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-an-evidence-based-approach-to-resolving-enduring-misconceptions-about-insoluble-and-soluble-fiber
#8
Johnson W McRorie, Nicola M McKeown
Enduring misconceptions about the physical effects of fiber in the gut have led to misunderstandings about the health benefits attributable to insoluble and soluble fiber. This review will focus on isolated functional fibers (eg, fiber supplements) whose effects on clinical outcomes have been readily assessed in well-controlled clinical studies. This review will also focus on three health benefits (cholesterol lowering, improved glycemic control, and normalizing stool form [constipation and diarrhea]) for which reproducible evidence of clinical efficacy has been published...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863993/association-between-micronutrients-intake-status-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-systematic-review
#9
Banafshe Hosseini, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Michael R Skilton
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima media thickness (IMT) is a noninvasive marker of the extent and severity of subclinical atherosclerosis. Micronutrient intake may affect atherosclerosis and play a major role in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to synthesize the evidence regarding the association between carotid IMT and selected micronutrients. METHOD: The authors searched PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases from inception to June 2016 for selected micronutrients, CVD, carotid IMT, and antioxidants...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847311/community-supported-agriculture-as-a-dietary-and-health-improvement-strategy-a-narrative-review
#10
Angie Vasquez, Nancy E Sherwood, Nicole Larson, Mary Story
This narrative review summarizes the literature regarding community-supported agriculture (CSA) with a focus on its use as a dietary and health improvement strategy. CSA members are typically women, white, highly educated, and affluent. The majority of members are motivated to participate in CSA by a concern for the environment and a desire for locally grown, high-quality, and organic produce. Numerous studies have provided evidence of the economic, community, environmental, and food quality related benefits of CSAs...
November 12, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825794/the-rd-parent-empowerment-and-supplemental-food-pilot-program-for-improved-food-security-nutrition-and-family-behaviors
#11
Amy Knoblock-Hahn, Lisa Medrow, Rosa K Hand, Lila Murphy Gutuskey, Katie Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825792/level-of-implementation-of-the-institute-of-medicine-recommended-core-competencies-among-dietetics-education-programs
#13
Peggy Turner, Kathrin Eliot, Sue Kent, Sarah Rusnak, Patti Landers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818138/sodium-intake-among-us-school-aged-children-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#14
Zerleen S Quader, Cathleen Gillespie, Sarah A Sliwa, Jaspreet K C Ahuja, Jinee P Burdg, Alanna Moshfegh, Pamela R Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Kristy Mugavero, Mary E Cogswell
BACKGROUND: Identifying current major dietary sources of sodium can enhance strategies to reduce excess sodium intake, which occurs among 90% of US school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To describe major food sources, places obtained, and eating occasions contributing to sodium intake among US school-aged children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A nationally representative sample of 2,142 US children aged 6 to 18 years who completed a 24-hour dietary recall...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815060/development-of-a-food-guide-for-the-vegetarians-of-spain
#15
Susana Menal-Puey, Iva Marques-Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815059/a-novel-weight-loss-tool-designed-for-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#16
Maresa Weems, Laura Truex, Renee Scampini, Richard Fleming, Carol Curtin, Linda Bandini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793520/influence-of-cartoon-media-characters-on-children-s-attention-to-and-preference-for-food-and-beverage-products
#17
Andrew D Ogle, Dan J Graham, Rachel G Lucas-Thompson, Christina A Roberto
BACKGROUND: Over-consuming unhealthful foods and beverages contributes to pediatric obesity and associated diseases. Food marketing influences children's food preferences, choices, and intake. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether adding licensed media characters to healthful food/beverage packages increases children's attention to and preference for these products. We hypothesized that children prefer less- (vs more-) healthful foods, and pay greater attention to and preferentially select products with (vs without) media characters regardless of nutritional quality...
October 25, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780692/the-influence-of-weight-loss-expectations-on-weight-loss-and-of-weight-loss-satisfaction-on-weight-maintenance-in-severe-obesity
#18
Simona Calugi, Giulio Marchesini, Marwan El Ghoch, Ilaria Gavasso, Riccardo Dalle Grave
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists as to whether cognitive mechanisms contribute to weight loss and maintenance. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of weight-loss expectations on weight loss, and of weight-loss satisfaction on weight maintenance, in individuals with severe obesity. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial comparing two types of energy-restricted diets (high protein vs high carbohydrate) combined with weight-loss cognitive behavioral therapy, conducted over 51 weeks and divided into two phases: weight-loss phase (3 weeks of inpatient treatment and 24 weeks of outpatient treatment) and weight maintenance phase (24 weeks of outpatient treatment)...
October 22, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727101/the-nutritional-quality-of-food-provided-from%C3%A2-food-pantries-a-systematic-review-of%C3%A2-existing-literature
#19
Anja Simmet, Julia Depa, Peter Tinnemann, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
In many affluent countries, food-insecure households use food pantries to keep their family fed. The long-term dependence of many users on these programs calls for a systematic review of studies on the nutritional quality of food provided by food pantries. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the current scientific evidence about the nutritional quality of food bags distributed by food pantries. A systematic literature search was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Psychology Behavioral Sciences Collection to identify cross-sectional, cohort, and intervention studies reporting baseline data conducted in high-income countries and published between 1980 and 2015, which reported the nutritional quality of food bags distributed by food pantries...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727100/the-dietary-quality-of-food-pantry-users-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#20
Anja Simmet, Julia Depa, Peter Tinnemann, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
Users of food pantries often have a long history of food insecurity and may be vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies. The quality of their diets is not well researched. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the published evidence about the dietary quality of food pantry users. Systematic database searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Psychology Behavioral Sciences Collection, and hand searches of references were conducted to identify cross-sectional, cohort, and intervention studies reporting baseline data, conducted in high-income countries and published between 1980 and 2015, which reported on the nutritional adequacy of individuals who have used a food pantry at least once in the previous 12 months...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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