journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Case Reports in Infectious Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780647/rare-but-not-infrequent-infective-endocarditis-caused-by-abiotrophia-defectiva
#1
Sonia Chowdhury, Matthew L German
Endocarditis (IE) is defined by an infection of a native or prosthetic heart valve, the mural endocardium, or an indwelling cardiac device. Although viridan-group streptococci (VGS) and Staphylococci species have collectively been considered as the most common cause of endocarditis, uncommon pathogens may also lead to the disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Abiotrophia defectiva , a nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS), is a virulent bacterium that preferentially affects endovascular structure and is implicated in many culture-negative endocarditis with dreadful complications such as heart failure, septic embolization, and valve destruction...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765783/multiorgan-failure-and-refractory-lactic-acidosis-due-to-pasteurella-multocida-septicemia-in-a-patient-with-no-animal-exposure
#2
Damaris Pena, Yaneidy Santana, Jose Perez Lara, Efrain Gonzalez, Misbahuddin Khaja
Introduction: Pasteurella multocida is a gram-negative coccobacillus pathogenic to animals. It can cause infection in humans by a bite, scratch, or lick from a cat or dog. P. multocida can cause a variety of infections in humans, including cellulitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, peritonitis, and septic shock. Case Presentation: A 56-year-old male presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. He denied exposure to cats, dogs or other pets...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744228/successful-treatment-of-high-level-aminoglycoside-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-bacteremia-in-a-preterm-infant-with-ampicillin-and-cefotaxime
#3
Jennifer Tam, Santina J Lee, Vibhuti Shah, Shaun K Morris
Enterococcal bloodstream infections are usually treated with single-agent antibiotics. In persistent infections, synergistic combination therapy is often required with a beta-lactam and an aminoglycoside antibiotic. High-level aminoglycoside-resistant (HLAR) enterococci are increasingly prevalent and preclude the use of this combination. The use of ampicillin with a third-generation cephalosporin to treat endovascular HLAR Enterococcus infections is becoming more established in the adult population; however, the literature on treatment of such infections in children remains scarce...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732227/sustained-viremic-control-in-hiv-infected-patient-case-report-from-nepal
#4
Sundar Khadka, Subhash Dhital, Roshan Pandit, Anup Bastola
A case of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is described from Nepal with constant maintenance of CD4 count and HIV-RNA level below the lower detection threshold for more than ten years. The case was diagnosed of HIV positive in the year 2008. He had his viral load estimation performed every year since then which was always below lower detection limit and remained healthy without treatment. The patient also had not any kinds of opportunistic infection till date. He is married now and has not transmitted the disease to his wife...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713556/relapsing-malaria-a-case-report-of-primaquine-resistance
#5
Christopher Dijanic, Jillian Nickerson, Sunita Shakya, Amanda Dijanic, Marilyn Fabbri
Primaquine (an 8-aminoquinoline malarial therapy) is the only FDA-approved therapy to treat the hypnozoite stage of P. vivax . We think of relapse occurring because of parasitic resistance or poor compliance secondary to drug toxicities. However, in patients with repeated treatment failure, we must consider CYP-450 mutations affecting drug metabolism as an important cause of relapse. A 47-year-old man who travelled to a jungle in Venezuela was diagnosed with P. falciparum and P. vivax in July 2015. He was treated with seven rounds of primaquine-based therapy in the following year, all resulted in relapse without further exposure to endemic areas...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713555/-bacillus-cereus-typhlitis-in-a-patient-with-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
James D Denham, Sowmya Nanjappa, John N Greene
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive rod that is now recognized as a rare cause of frank disease in the neutropenic hematologic malignancy patient. Because this pathogen is rarely isolated in clinical specimens, no large studies exist to guide the management of these acutely ill patients. Individual case reports and case series exist in the literature describing various clinical manifestations of B. cereus in the neutropenic patient including bacteremia/septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis/encephalitis, hepatic abscesses, and gastritis...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692938/a-case-of-pacemaker-endocarditis-caused-by-aerococcus-urinae
#7
Sandra Samuelsson, Charles Kennergren, Magnus Rasmussen
Background: Aerococcus urinae has lately been acknowledged as a cause of infective endocarditis (IE) especially in older males with underlying urinary tract disorders. In this population, cardiac implanted electronical devices (CIED) are not uncommon, but despite the capacity of A. urinae to form biofilm in vitro , no cases of aerococcal CIED infections have been reported to date. Case Presentation: An 84-year-old male with pacemaker was admitted with dysuria one month after a transurethral procedure for urinary bladder cancer...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670781/-candida-krusei-empyema-thoracis-a-community-acquired-infection-requiring-a-high-index-of-suspicion
#8
Hazim Bukamur, Waseem Ahmed, Yazan Numan, Ibrahim Shahoub, Fuad Zeid
Empyema thoracis is a serious condition characterized by the accumulation of purulent fluid in the pleural cavity, typically following a pneumonia, subdiaphragmatic abscess, or esophageal rupture. Fungal empyema thoracis is a rare form of this condition with especially high mortality, in which the most frequently isolated fungus is Candida spp. This article presents a 74-year-old female with Candida krusei pneumonia and a complicated hospital course, initially presenting with nausea, vomiting, and dysphagia...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670780/syphilis-related-eye-disease-presenting-as-bilateral-papilledema-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-hemorrhage-and-anterior-uveitis-in-a-penicillin-allergic-patient
#9
Jamie Dietze, Shane Havens
Purpose . Treponema pallidum is known as the "great masquerader" for its many presentations and ocular findings in patients who are infected and develop secondary and tertiary stage of syphilis. Syphilitic ocular manifestations include uveitis, chorioretinitis, retinitis, vasculitis, vitritis, and panuveitis all with or without decreased visual acuity. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is known to expedite the progression of syphilis when patients are coinfected, thus compounding the potential ophthalmic presentations...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670779/pulmonary-mucormycosis-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-neutropenia
#10
Izza Mir, Sijan Basnet, David Ellsworth, Elan Mohanty
Pulmonary mucormycosis is a rare life-threatening fungal infection associated with high mortality. We present the case of a 61-year-old man with history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia who presented with fever and cough, eventually diagnosed with pulmonary mucormycosis after right lung video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B and right lung pneumonectomy; however, he later died from left lung pneumonia.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666727/typhoid-fever-due-to-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhi-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Abdul Azeez Ahamed Riyaaz, Vindya Perera, Sabaratnam Sivakumaran, Nelun de Silva
Emergence of cephalosporin-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi is a cause of concern in the management of enteric fever. Cephalosporin resistance in Salmonella species is mainly due to the production of extended-spectrum β -lactamases (ESBLs). The majority of ESBLs in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi are derivatives of the TEM, SHV, and CTX-M β -lactamase families. Of these, CTX-M appears to be predominant. This paper discusses the detection and molecular characterization of an ESBL-producing Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi strain isolated from a patient who was admitted to a private hospital in Sri Lanka...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666726/-nocardia-spp-pneumonia-in-a-solid-organ-recipient-role-of-linezolid
#12
George Mwandia, Hari Polenakovik
We describe a rare infection with Nocardia spp. ( N. pseudobrasiliensis species identification based on high-performance liquid chromatography analysis) in a 68-year-old renal transplant recipient. He presented with pneumonia complicated by hypoxic respiratory failure. He was allergic to sulphonamides. He was initially successfully treated with linezolid. However, he suffered severe sensory neuropathy after 4 months of therapy, necessitating linezolid cessation and completion of treatment with azithromycin...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619261/septic-pulmonary-emboli-and-renal-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#13
Isaí Medina-Piñón, Alan Ledif Reyes-Mondragón, Michel Fernando Martínez-Reséndez, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacteremia in the general population and can lead to serious metastatic infection particularly in immunocompromised persons. However, prompt diagnosis and management can result in favorable outcomes. In the following case report, the clinical course of an HIV-infected man is presented; he developed bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated complications: septic pulmonary embolism, right renal abscess, and ipsilateral renal vein thrombosis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was identified as the cause of sepsis and successfully treated with surgery and antimicrobials...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607230/use-of-next-generation-sequencing-and-synergy-susceptibility-testing-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-blood-stream-infection
#14
Yuetian Yu, Fupin Hu, Cheng Zhu, Erzhen Chen, Liangjing Lu, Yuan Gao
Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment for carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR- Kp ) infection is a big challenge for clinicians due to its high mortality. Every effort has been made to improve its clinical outcomes. However, treatment according to synergy susceptibility testing has never been reported in the literature. We reported a 29-year-old systemic lupus erythematosus female with CR- Kp blood stream infection. We highlighted the identification by next generation sequencing and treatment according to synergy susceptibility testing in the case...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593920/a-case-report-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-a-challenging-diagnosis
#15
Dilara Bulut Gökten, Bilal Katipoglu, Ekrem Basara, Ihsan Ates, Nisbet Yılmaz
Peritoneal tuberculosis is a disease which can mimick malignancy especially in women who present with ascites and elevated CA125 levels. It should always be considered in differential diagnosis, but the diagnosis is rarely easy for clinicians. A young female patient who presented with abdomen tenderness and diagnosed with peritoneal tuberculosis as a result of performed tests is discussed hereby in the case report. We expect that this case report adds to the existing literature on this subject.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593919/double-native-valve-infective-endocarditis-due-to-capnocytophaga-canimorsus-first-reported-case-caused-by-a-lion-bite
#16
Mazin Barry
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a Gram-negative bacilli that is part of the normal oral flora of dogs and some cats; it is well known to cause septicemia and endocarditis after their bite. This is the first reported case of infective endocarditis affecting both native mitral and aortic valves after a lion bite in a patient with heavy ethanol consumption, who ultimately died after valve replacements.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593918/a-case-of-polymicrobial-bacteremia-in-a-patient-undergoing-chemotherapy
#17
Kyoko Arahata, Ryo Yamaguchi, Takeshi Terashima
We report an aggressive case of polymicrobial bacteremia in a patient with renal pelvis carcinoma. A 76-year-old man developed watery diarrhea after undergoing chemotherapy. He became unconscious and went into shock. Laboratory data showed severe neutropenia, renal failure, and lactic acidosis. Chest radiography showed multiple opacities. He died despite aggressive fluid resuscitation, catecholamine administration, antibiotic treatment, and mechanical ventilation. Blood culture isolates included Escherichia coli , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Acinetobacter baumannii , and Moraxella catarrhalis ...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535878/a-rare-case-of-spontaneous-empyema-by-clostridium-perfringens
#18
Sijan Basnet, Izza Mir, Elan Mohanty, Rashmi Dhital, Biswaraj Tharu, Dilli Ram Poudel
Empyema caused by clostridial infections is rare especially in the absence of invasive thoracic procedures. We present the case of an 81-year-old man without a history of preceding trauma who presented with shortness of breath and nonproductive cough and grew Clostridium perfringens only in the pleural cavity. He was predisposed to the infection due to his swallowing dysfunction. He was treated with penicillin and chest tube placement for drainage and subsequently improved.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527364/community-acquired-cavitary-pseudomonas-pneumonia-linked-to-use-of-a-home-humidifier
#19
Eric Woods, Gabriel Cohen, Eric Bressman, David Lin, Nathalie E Zeitouni, Colleen Beckford, Camille Hamula, Harm van Bakel, Mitchell Sullivan, Deena R Altman, Daniel Caplivski
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that rarely causes pneumonia in otherwise healthy patients. We describe a case of community-acquired P. aeruginosa pneumonia in a previously healthy individual who likely acquired the infection from a home humidifier.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464129/a-peculiar-case-of-invasive-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#20
Adeel Rafi Ahmed, Liam Townsend, Helen Tuite, Catherine Fleming
Patients commonly present to the emergency department with acute respiratory distress; however, the differentials are broad and at times difficult to distinguish. We describe a case of severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) secondary to invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae . The patient was intubated within 3 h of presentation and suffered multiorgan failure within 72 h of intensive care unit (ICU) admission. This case is a stark illustration of how the most common bacteria associated with CAP can be fatal and highlights the associated markers of severity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
journal
journal
43841
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"