Read by QxMD icon Read

Case Reports in Infectious Diseases

Sijan Basnet, Izza Mir, Elan Mohanty, Rashmi Dhital, Biswaraj Tharu, Dilli Ram Poudel
Empyema caused by clostridial infections is rare especially in the absence of invasive thoracic procedures. We present the case of an 81-year-old man without a history of preceding trauma who presented with shortness of breath and nonproductive cough and grew Clostridium perfringens only in the pleural cavity. He was predisposed to the infection due to his swallowing dysfunction. He was treated with penicillin and chest tube placement for drainage and subsequently improved.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Eric Woods, Gabriel Cohen, Eric Bressman, David Lin, Nathalie E Zeitouni, Colleen Beckford, Camille Hamula, Harm van Bakel, Mitchell Sullivan, Deena R Altman, Daniel Caplivski
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that rarely causes pneumonia in otherwise healthy patients. We describe a case of community-acquired P. aeruginosa pneumonia in a previously healthy individual who likely acquired the infection from a home humidifier.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Adeel Rafi Ahmed, Liam Townsend, Helen Tuite, Catherine Fleming
Patients commonly present to the emergency department with acute respiratory distress; however, the differentials are broad and at times difficult to distinguish. We describe a case of severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) secondary to invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae . The patient was intubated within 3 h of presentation and suffered multiorgan failure within 72 h of intensive care unit (ICU) admission. This case is a stark illustration of how the most common bacteria associated with CAP can be fatal and highlights the associated markers of severity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
C Danielle Tan, Donna Moritz, Alfredo J Mena Lora
Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a skin commensal classified as a coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS). Though CoNS is typically associated with less aggressive clinical disease than Staphylococcus aureus , there is growing awareness that S. lugdunensis may be as virulent as S. aureus . The association between S. lugdunensis and infective endocarditis is well known, but few reports of native-joint disease with this organism exist. We report a case a 28-year-old male with no prior medical problems presenting with native-joint septic arthritis...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Daniel Vikum, Ingvild Nordøy, Cecilie Torp Andersen, Børre Fevang, Pål Dag Line, Finn Kristian Kolrud, Pål Aukrust, Trond Buanes
A 24-year-old woman with coeliac disease and transient neutropenia developed mucormycosis with extensive involvement of the liver and small intestine. She was successfully treated with aggressive surgical debridements and long-term antifungal therapy with liposomal amphotericin B and posaconazole.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Akouda Akessiwe Patassi, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Agballa Mebiny-Essoh Tchalla, Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Hamadi Assane, Bayaki Saka, Mouchedou Abdoukarim Naba, Issifou Yaya, Kossi Atsissinta Edou, Tsidi Agbeko Tamekloe, Abiba Kere Banla, Kokou Mawule Davi, Magloire Manga, Yao Kassankogno, Dominique Salmon-Ceron
Background: Lassa fever belongs to the group of potentially fatal hemorrhagic fevers, never reported in Togo. The aim of this paper is to report the first two cases of Lassa fever infection in Togo. Case Presentation: The two first Lassa fever cases occurred in two expatriate's health professionals working in Togo for more than two years. The symptoms appeared among two health professionals of a clinic located in Oti district in the north of the country. The absence of clinical improvement after antimalarial treatment and the worsening of clinical symptoms led to the medical evacuation...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Ichiro Tsuboi, Tetsuya Yumoto, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Katsunori Matsueda, Joichiro Horii, Hiromichi Naito, Atsunori Nakao
The close relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD) and infective endocarditis (IE) has been implicated. Staphylococcus aureus colonization is frequently seen observed in AD patients' skin lesions. Although a case of IE due to S. aureus bacteremia in an AD patient has been sporadically reported, a case of S. aureus bacteremia complicated by psoas abscess and IE has not been previously reported. A 42-year-old man with a history of AD presented to our hospital complaining of fever, fatigue, chills, lower right back pain, and poor appetite for a week...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Brian L Block, Tejas Mehta, Gabriel M Ortiz, Sean P Ferris, Thienkhai H Vu, Laurence Huang, Adithya Cattamanchi
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) typically presents as an interstitial and alveolar process with ground glass opacities on chest computed tomography (CT). The absence of ground glass opacities on chest CT is thought to have a high negative predictive value for PCP in individuals with AIDS. Here, we report a case of PCP in a man with AIDS who presented to our hospital with subacute shortness of breath and a nonproductive cough. While his chest CT revealed diffuse nodular rather than ground glass opacities, bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of PCP and did not identify additional pathogens...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Santosh Dahal, Jeffrey Lederman, Jesse Berman, Marius Viseroi, Stephen Jesmajian
Strongyloidiasis is an emerging parasitic infection with intriguing epidemiology, presentation, and clinical management. We report a case of hyperinfection syndrome complicated by E. coli bacteremia and meningitis with one of the isolates showing a unique resistance pattern recently being recognized. This report describes the aspect of invasive bacterial infections in strongyloidiasis and highlights the unique susceptibility pattern of the E. coli isolate and the extreme caution required during the antibiotic therapy...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
H Cromlin, H Rodriguez-Villalobos, A Deplano, T Duprez, P Hantson
Spontaneous or nosocomial Escherichia coli meningitis remains rare in healthy adults but is still carrying a high mortality rate despite adapted antimicrobial treatment for susceptible strains. A 39-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with severe subarachnoid haemorrhage complicated by acute hydrocephalus. On hospital day 10, she developed Streptococcus anginosus septicaemia and urinary tract infection due to a multisensitive strain of E. coli. This infection was successfully controlled by antimicrobial therapy...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Jumanah N Algazaq, Kevan Akrami, Fernando Martinez, Allen McCutchan, Ajay R Bharti
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is increasingly being promoted as a nutritional supplement by health food enthusiasts and is also recommended as prophylaxis against antibiotic-associated diarrhea. However, severe opportunistic infections due to S. cerevisiae have been reported in patients with chronic disease, cancer, and immunosuppression. Fungemia, endocarditis, pneumonia, peritonitis, urinary tract infections, skin infections, and esophagitis have been described. It is important to consider infections due to S...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Lara Caserza, Gabriella Piatti, Aldo Bonaventura, Luca Liberale, Federico Carbone, Franco Dallegri, Luciano Ottonello, Giulia Gustinetti, Valerio Del Bono, Fabrizio Montecucco
Pasteurella multocida colonizes animal scratches and bites. This bacterium was described to cause sepsis or endocarditis mainly in immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a 92-year-old woman presenting at the Emergency Department with coma and fever a week after the bite of her cat. The cat bite was misdiagnosed at admission partly due to an underestimation of this event by the patient's relatives. An inflamed area localized at perimalleolar skin of the right leg was detected. Laboratory biomarkers of inflammation were elevated...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Megan E Gray, Brian Wispelwey, Christopher J Arnold
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing syndrome (SUNCT) is a type of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. Its etiology is generally idiopathic, though rarely it has been associated with viral infections. We describe the fourth case reported in the literature of SUNCT in association with viral meningoencephalitis.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Sreelakshmi Panginikkod, Aishwarya Ramachandran, Pratyusha Bollimunta, Roshanak Habibi, Roshan Kumar Arjal, Venu Gopalakrishnan
Melioidosis is a frequently fatal infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei endemic to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It is a rare imported pathogen in the United States and is a potential bioterror agent. We report the case of an 82-year-old previously healthy man who presented with 2 weeks of fever and epigastric pain after he returned from the Philippines. A diagnosis of nondissecting mycotic aneurysm in the descending thoracic aorta was made with the help of CT angiogram and positive blood cultures...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Hugh Muse, Rachel L Jenkins, Meredith B Oliver, Soomin Kim, Richard L Grantier, Bharat K Malhotra, Jason J Parham, Kayla R Stover
Ignatzschineria indica is a Gram-negative bacterium that is commonly associated with the larvae of flesh flies. I. indica is difficult to isolate in routine laboratory procedures but has been associated with neglected wounds infested with maggots, fever, elevated white blood count and C-reactive protein, and polymicrobial culture results. Other specific hematological/immunological changes are not known. We present a case of I. indica bacteremia and polymicrobial osteomyelitis resulting from infected decubitus ulcers...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
J Pushpakumara, G Mudiyanse, A Jayawardana, J Siriwardana, N L A Shyamali, J Indrakumar
Streptococcus bovis endocarditis has 18%-62% association with colonic neoplasms with multivalvular involvement and affects mainly elderly males leading to severe cardiac dysfunction, septic embolization, and neurological complications. The aortic valve is the commonest valve to be affected followed by aortic and mitral valves together. However, involvement of tricuspid valve is extremely rare. There are no reported cases of Streptococcus bovis endocarditis affecting the tricuspid valve in the presence of ventricular septal defect with left to right shunt...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Cheryl Novak, Andrew Harrison, John Aucott
Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi . When untreated, infection may spread to the heart, nervous system, and joints. Cardiac involvement usually manifests as abnormalities of the conduction system and bradycardia. Treatment of Lyme disease is generally effective, with a subset of patients experiencing persistent, sometimes long-term symptoms called posttreatment Lyme disease syndrome.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Deepika Slawek, Yanina Dubrovskaya, Eddie Louie
We describe a case of a 72-year-old man with early-stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who presented with invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infection, necrotizing pneumonia, and chronic infection of a hilar lymph node. Infection is a major cause of death in patients with CLL. Though few cases of iNTS infection associated with CLL have been described in the literature, to our knowledge this is the first reported case of iNTS-associated necrotizing pneumonia. Immunocompromised state in patients, even with early-stage CLL, likely predisposes them to invasive infection with intracellular organisms, such as Salmonella spp...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Cristina Aranda Cazón, Luis Arruza Gómez, Gloria Herranz Carrillo, Cristina González Menchén, Zarife Daoud Pérez, José Antonio Martínez-Orgado, José Tomás Ramos Amador
Parainfluenza 3 virus is a frequent cause of respiratory infections in the pediatric population although it is uncommonly diagnosed in neonates, being usually reported as neonatal intensive care unit microepidemics. We report a case of parainfluenza 3 respiratory infection associated with pericardial effusion in a very low birthweight infant.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Muhammad Asim Rana, Yashwant Kumar, Abdullah Ali Lashari, Ahmed F Mady
Lemierre's syndrome is also known as postangina septicemia, which is commonly caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum also known as Necrobacillus and also by other microorganisms like Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , Peptostreptococcus , and Bacteroides . Though the disease starts as an upper respiratory tract infection, it may spread and cause thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. It may present itself through cranial nerve palsy or sepsis involving distant organs like the lungs or bones. It is also known as forgotten disease because of its rarity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"