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Case Reports in Dentistry

Rammohan Kumar, Srikant Natarajan, K S Sneha, Nunna Sai Chitra, Karen Boaz, Nidhi Manaktala
The origin of a salivary gland tumour is attributed to cells at various levels of differentiation which present histologically as diverse tissues and cellular patterns. Mitochondria-rich, eosinophilic oncocytes are cells commonly encountered in salivary gland neoplasms. We report a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) in the palate of a 43-year-old female that exhibited a prominent oncocytic component. While the parotid and submandibular glands have been reported as predominant sites for oncocytic MEC (OMEC), the palate and minor salivary glands are rare sites for occurrence...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Michele Perelli, Roberto Abundo, Giuseppe Corrente, Carlo Saccone, Paolo G Arduino
Tooth extraction is usually followed by bone reduction. In the maxillary posterior region, this remodelling combined with sinus pneumatisation and periodontal defects may lead to a reduced basal bone height available for implant placement. Sinus floor elevation can be performed with different surgical techniques. Crestal approach has demonstrated to be effective, less invasive, and associated with a reduced morbidity. This article reports a modified sinus floor elevation by means of rotary, noncutting instruments, addition of xenograft, and 2 short-threaded implant placements...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Abd Jabar Nazimi, Tengku Ezulia, Jothi Raamahlingam Rajaran, Siti Salmiah Mohd Yunus, Syed Nabil
We describe a case of extensively comminuted mandibular fracture that extends bilaterally to the angle of mandible successfully treated with the use of condylar positioning device (CPD). This simple, yet effective, technique that almost exclusively described in orthognathic surgery is useful when advance surgical techniques such as pre- or intraoperative landmark identification may not be readily available. CPD technique optimizes the manual manipulations of the comminuted distal segments during fracture reduction and internal fixation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Diana Cassi, Marisabel Magnifico, Mauro Gandolfinini, Ilda Kasa, Giovanni Mauro, Alberto Di Blasio
The aim of this paper is to report treatment effects of functional therapy in a growing patient affected by hemifacial microsomia (HM). According to Kaban's classification, the patient was classified as grade IIa as she presented all mandibular and temporomandibular joint components and a normal shaped, hypoplastic mandible. The therapeutic approach included the use of an asymmetrical functional activator (AFA) to stimulate the growth of the affected side and consequently to improve symmetry of the mandible and maxillary deficiency...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
S Aksakalli, A Balaban, K Nazaroglu, E Saglam
This case report outlines the possibility of accelerated tooth movement with the combination of microosteoperforation and mini-screws. A 14-year-old male patient presented Class II malocclusion with maxillary incisor protrusion. Upper first premolars were extracted, and after leveling, accelerated canine distalization started. For pre- and postdistalization times, amount of distalization, periodontal health, and root resorption were assessed. Within the limitations of this case report, micro-osteoperforations with mini-screw have a potential for shortening the treatment time...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Ronald Younes, Ibrahim Nasseh, Pierre Lahoud, Elie Wassef, Maroun Dagher
Different techniques for the enucleation of jaw cyst lesion in the oral and maxillofacial regions have been proposed, including the bone lid technique. The purpose of this case report is to describe the case of a cystic lesion, approached with the bone lid technique performed using a piezoelectric device, with an 8-month clinical and radiographic follow-up. A 14-year-old male patient was treated for a suspicious lesion detected on a panoramic radiograph. The concerned area was surgically accessed, and a radiographically predetermined bony window was drawn, and the beveled bony lid was removed...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Vanessa Machado, Ricardo Alves, Luísa Lopes, João Botelho, José João Mendes
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/4702635.].
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Gerardo Durán Ojeda, Ismael Henríquez Gutiérrez, José Pablo Tisi, Abelardo Báez Rosales
Advances in the mechanical properties of composite resins have allowed for their use in posterior teeth. Conventional resins have several problems associated with polymerization shrinkage stress. The development of "bulk-fill" resins has allowed for their use in single increments up to depths of 4 mm, with very low polymerization shrinkage stress. Nevertheless, differences in anatomy and the desire for optimal esthetics present unique difficulties. This article describes a step-by-step technique using flowable bulk-fill resin as a substitute for dentin in a single increment, together with a high-reflective-index resin to restore enamel and decrease clinical time, obtaining anatomically and esthetically acceptable results without detriment to the mechanical properties required to restore the functionality of the posterior teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Chiara Di Blasio, Marilena Laura Anghinoni, Alberto Di Blasio
In maxillofacial surgery, every patient presents special problems requiring careful evaluation. Conventional methods to study the deformities are still reliable, but the advent of tridimensional (3D) imaging, especially computed tomography (CT) scan and laser scanning of casts, created the opportunity to better understanding the skeletal support and the soft tissue structures. Nowadays, virtual technologies are increasingly employed in maxillofacial surgery and demonstrated precision and reliability. However, in complex surgical procedures, these new technologies are still controversial...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Caio Vinícius Gonçalves Roman-Torres, Sérgio Takashi Kussaba, Yasmin Comoti Vita Bantim, Roberta de Barros Antunes Almeida de Oliveira
Prader-Willi syndrome described in 1956 has a genetic origin, affecting both genders, varying in presence and intensity from individual to individual. A precocious diagnosis, before the manifestation of symptoms, has brought some improvement in the quality of life of the carriers in the last years. The objective of this case report was to describe the treatment realized in a 3-year-old boy who presented grade II obesity, difficulty of locomotion, hypotonia, and history of cardiopathy. A dental treatment under general anesthesia was defined, allowing an oral adequation in a single section, in which it was planned the extraction of the element 74 and atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) technique in the other teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Hossein Aghili, Seyed Mohammad Ali Tabatabaei, Mahdjoube Goldani Moghadam
Pycnodysostosis (PDO) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by cathepsin K deficiency which plays an important role in bone metabolism. Among clinical features of this disease which are mainly caused by altered bone remodeling are craniofacial abnormalities such as hypoplastic maxilla and obtuse gonial angle which consequently lead to respiratory insufficiency in forms of pharyngeal narrowing and severe snoring. In this paper, another case of this rare disorder is presented along with a review on etiology and management issues of respiratory insufficiency in these patients...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Taisa Boamorte Raveli, Ricardo Lima Shintcovsk, Luegya Amorim Henriques Knop, Luana Paz Sampaio, Dirceu Barnabé Raveli
Extraction is very frequent indication in orthodontic planning, especially when there are crowding, biprotrusion, and aesthetically unpleasant profiles. Next to extraction comes space closure, which represents a challenge for orthodontists because of extended treatment time, discomfort created for the patient, tissue tolerance, and stability concerns. When it comes to what mechanics to choose for space closure, loops present two major advantages in relation to sliding mechanics: absence of abrasion and possibility to reach pure dental translation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Chanika Manmontri, Phattaranant May Mahasantipiya, Papimon Chompu-Inwai
Preeruptive intracoronal radiolucencies (PEIRs) are mostly incidentally found by routine radiographic examination of unerupted teeth. PEIRs are classified into two types according to the nature of the lesion: progressive and nonprogressive. A case report of a 17-year-old boy with a nonprogressive PEIR on the permanent mandibular left second molar is presented. The lesion was initially detected on an unerupted tooth at age eight years, eight months. It was clinically and radiographically assessed yearly. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was used to evaluate the lesion's size and location when the patient was 11 and 14 years old...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Spyros Floratos, Maria-Elpida Miltiadous
Localization of calcified canals has always been a challenge in the field of endodontics. The following report of three cases describes a technique for the identification and negotiation of obliterated canals by use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) intraoperatively. Canal orifices could not be found clinically in all three cases. Gutta-percha points were placed and compacted at the position where the canal orifices were estimated to be. Intraoperative CBCT was taken, and the distance between the gutta-percha points and the canal orifices was calculated at all planes of space in the first two cases...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Thomas Horgan, Catherine McNamara, Anthony Ireland, Jonathan Sandy, James Puryer
Calcinosis cutis is a condition of accumulation of calcium salts within the dermis leading to the formation of a calcified mass. This complication has been reported in acne vulgaris and other systemic metabolic disorders. This paper presents a rare case of calcinosis cutis in a 14-year-old male which was found at a routine orthodontic assessment.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Najwa Karam Genno, Nicole Aoun, Sami El Toum
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT), a benign (hamartomatous) lesion of odontogenic origin, is an uncommon tumor which affects mainly females in the second decade. This lesion is most commonly associated with an impacted maxillary canine. This paper reported a case of AOT, in a 16-year-old female, associated with an impacted maxillary left lateral incisor. The evolution of this tumor was followed over 36 months and 24 months after excision.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Rabah Nedir, Nathalie Nurdin, Marion Paris, Marc El Hage, Semaan Abi Najm, Mark Bischof
Oroantral communication (OAC) rarely occurs long after implant placement. The present report describes the rare etiology and the difficulty of the diagnosis of an uncommon OAC occurring 10 years after the implant placement in the posterior maxilla. The difficulty of the diagnosis lies in the absence of clinical symptoms of sinusitis and presence of multiunit prosthesis hiding implant failure. This case report supports the need for sinus check-up during a routine implant examination.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Natalice Sousa de Oliveira, Gabriella Lopes de Rezende Barbosa, Lincoln Dias Lanza, Henrique Pretti
The treatment of choice in cases of avulsed permanent teeth is the immediate reimplantation. However, this conduct does not always work favorably, either by failures in the initial approach or by inappropriate interventions. In this sense, the aim of this study is to present an alternative prosthetic rehabilitation with the use of orthodontic mini-implants in the anterior region. This case reports a ten-year-old child with history of avulsion of superior central incisors. The therapeutic approach was planned to promote physiological teeth contacts and acceptable esthetics and phonetics...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Cinzia Casu, Carla Mannu
The aim of this study is to report a case of atypical Afta Major healing in a patient with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (SAR) with a type of photodynamic therapy. A female patient with SAR affected for about 2 years reported a history of hypothyroidism treated with Levothyroxine. The oral cavity clinical examination showed several major symptomatic ulcers, previously treated with topical and systemic therapies without any benefit. The largest of them is present for more than 40 days, in spite of topical cortisone applications, with significant pain symptoms reported by the patient...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
Vanessa Machado, Ricardo Alves, Luísa Lopes, João Botelho, José João Mendes
Dental trauma is more common in young patients and its sequelae may have great impact on the esthetics, functions, and phonetics. This paper reports a case of trauma in both central incisors in a young 17-year-old patient who was treated using adhesive tooth fragment reattachment on tooth 2.1 and a palatal indirect composite veneer on tooth 1.1. Regarding the available literature and fracture extension, the treatment approach proposed for this case provided good functional and esthetic outcomes. Clinical and radiographic results after 1 year were successful...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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