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Case Reports in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105377/comprehensive-and-conservative-management-of-talon-cusp-a-new-technique
#1
Ankit Arora, Padmaja Sharma, Surendra Lodha
Talon cusp is a common dental anomaly affecting maxillary central incisors. Gradual grinding of this additional cusp is commonly followed now. Advocated below is a new technique explaining the use of air abrasion and putty index during the stepwise reduction of the cusp. The technique is advantageous in preventing patient discomfort and tracking the amount of reduction in a predictable way.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101383/fibrous-dysplasia-versus-juvenile-ossifying-fibroma-a-dilemma
#2
Sreelakshmi N Nair, Raghavendra Kini, Prasanna Kumar Rao, Gowri P Bhandarkar, Roopashri Rajesh Kashyp, Manjunath Rai, Neel Naik, Athul Santhosh
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a condition characterized by excessive proliferation of bone forming mesenchymal cells which can affect one bone (monostotic type) or multiple bones (polyostotic type). It is predominantly noticed in adolescents and young adults. Fibrous dysplasia affecting the jaws is an uncommon condition. The most commonly affected facial bone is the maxilla, with facial asymmetry being the chief complaint. The lesion in many instances is confused with ossifying fibroma (OF). Diagnosis of these two lesions has to be done based on clinical, radiographic, and microscopic findings...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097027/regional-odontodysplasia-with-generalised-enamel-defect
#3
A M Al-Mullahi, K J Toumba
Regional odontodysplasia (ROD) is uncommon developmental anomaly, which tends to be localised and involves the ectodermal and mesodermal tooth components. A five-year-old female was referred to Department of Child Dental Health at the Leeds Dental Institute regarding malformed primary teeth. On examination 64, 74, and 72 had localised hypomineralized enamel defect. The crown of 55 was broken down with only the root remaining below the gingival level. 54 has a yellowish brown discolouration with rough irregular surface...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097026/excision-of-mucocele-using-diode-laser-in-lower-lip
#4
Subramaniam Ramkumar, Lakshmi Ramkumar, Narasimhan Malathi, Ramalingam Suganya
Mucoceles are nonneoplastic cystic lesions of major and minor salivary glands which result from the accumulation of mucus. These lesions are most commonly seen in children. Though usually these lesions can be treated by local surgical excision, in our case, to avoid intraoperative surgical complications like bleeding and edema and to enable better healing, excision was done using a diode laser in the wavelength of 940 nm.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078147/reestablishing-the-function-and-esthetics-in-traumatized-permanent-teeth-with-large-apical-lesion
#5
Alexandra Rubin Cocco, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Rudimar Antônio Baldissera, Luiz Fernando Machado Silveira, Josué Martos
Dental trauma is a challenge for dental integrity and can lead to pulp necrosis. The clinical case reports the diagnosis of a maxillary right central incisor traumatized and its multidisciplinary treatment. Calcium hydroxide material was used to perform the processing apexification. An apical surgery was carried out to remove the apical periodontitis and to return the aesthetics to the patient; internal and external tooth whitening in maxillary right central incisor was performed. We conclude that surgery associated with the root filling in the central incisor led to a successful completion...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078146/solitary-plasmacytoma-in-the-mandible-resembling-an-odontogenic-cyst-tumor
#6
Fatemeh Rezaei, Hesamedin Nazari, Babak Izadi
A 46-year-old male patient referred to Department of Oral Medicine, with the primary chief complaint of a painless swelling in the right side of mandibular. A panoramic radiograph revealed a well-defined, multilocular radiolucent bony lesion with thin and straight septa in the right side of mandible extending from distal of canine to mesial of third molar. Histological examination showed a solid proliferation of atypical plasmacytoid cells, which was indicative of plasmacytoma. A systemic workup for the final diagnosis was performed to rule out multiple myeloma...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070428/cholesterol-granuloma-in-odontogenic-cyst-an-enigmatic-lesion
#7
Mala Kamboj, Anju Devi, Shruti Gupta
Cholesterol granuloma (CG) is the outcome of the foreign body type of response to the accumulation of cholesterol crystals and is frequently present in conjunction with chronic middle ear diseases. Recently, cases of CG in jaws have been reported, but still, very few cases have been found of CG in dental literature. This article presents three rare cases of CG in the wall of odontogenic cysts emphasizing on its possible role in expansion of the associated lesion and bone erosion. It also lays stress on the fact that more cases of CG should be reported so that its nature and pathogenesis in the oral cavity become more perceivable...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070427/minimally-invasive-laminate-veneers-clinical-aspects-in-treatment-planning-and-cementation-procedures
#8
R K Morita, M F Hayashida, Y M Pupo, G Berger, R D Reggiani, E A G Betiol
When a definitive aesthetic treatment is determined, it is crucial to grant the patient's wish with the necessary dental treatment. Thus, conservative treatments that are the solution to aesthetic problems involving morphologic modifications and provide the result that the patient expects should always be the first therapeutic option. In this context, ceramic laminate veneers, also known as "contact lens," are capable of providing an extremely faithful reproduction of the natural teeth with great color stability and periodontal biocompatibility...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058120/absorbable-suture-as-an-apical-matrix-in-single-visit-apexification-with-mineral-trioxide-aggregate
#9
Ayush Goyal, Vineeta Nikhil, Padmanabh Jha
Several procedures have been recommended to induce the root end barrier formation in teeth with open apices. Conventional treatment for such cases will require many appointments with an average duration of 12.9 months. During this period, the root canal is susceptible to reinfection from around the provisional restoration, which may promote apical periodontitis and arrest of apical repair. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been successfully used for one visit apexification wherein the root canal can be obturated within 24 hours after placement of MTA...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050290/tardive-dyskinesia-oral-parafunction-and-implant-supported-rehabilitation
#10
S Lumetti, G Ghiacci, G M Macaluso, M Amore, C Galli, E Calciolari, E Manfredi
Oral movement disorders may lead to prosthesis and implant failure due to excessive loading. We report on an edentulous patient suffering from drug-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD) and oral parafunction (OP) rehabilitated with implant-supported screw-retained prostheses. The frequency and intensity of the movements were high, and no pharmacological intervention was possible. Moreover, the patient refused night-time splint therapy. A series of implant and prosthetic failures were experienced. Implant failures were all in the maxilla and stopped when a rigid titanium structure was placed to connect implants...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025626/mandibular-canal-widening-and-bell-s-palsy-sequelae-of-perineural-invasion-in-oral-cancer
#11
Gopinath Thilak Parepady Sundar, Vishwanath Sherigar, Sameep S Shetty, Shree Satya, Sourabh M Gohil
Perineural invasion is an underrecognized route of metastatic spread along the nerve bundles within the nerve sheath into the surrounding tissues. It hinders the ability to establish local control as tumour cells can traverse along nerve tracts well beyond the extent of any local invasion rendering them inoperable and unresectable. Perineural invasion is a marker of poor prognosis. Oral submucous fibrosis with oral cancer constitutes a clinicopathologically distinct disease. Our case highlights an enigmatic presentation of oral submucous fibrosis and its coexistence with oral cancer presenting with unusual neurological disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve and facial nerve and diffuse widening of the mandibular canal...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025625/pernicious-effects-of-toe-sucking-habit-in-children
#12
Deepika Pai, Saurabh Kumar, Abhay T Kamath, Vipin Bhaskar
Digit sucking is common nonnutritive sucking habit in childhood. However it is unusual to find toe sucking habit in children. We report a case of a seven-year-old child sucking great toe of the left foot. The child was referred by her paediatrician for dental evaluation due to her complaint of recurrent episodes of pyrexia. A dental evaluation was warranted as no particular system contributed to such recurrent episodes of fever in this child. Although dental examination did not reveal any cause for recurrent episodes of pyrexia, as a part of routine history taking we discovered that this child indulges frequently in sucking the great toe of her left foot since infancy...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003916/oral-rehabilitation-and-management-for-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-a-child
#13
Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Carla Nogueira, Marcia Rejane Thomas Canabarro Andrade, Andrea Graciene Lopez Ramos Valente, Patricia Nivoloni Tannure
The aim of this paper is to describe a rare case report of a pediatric patient with secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SSS). A 12-year-old female child was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, dry mouth, and tooth sensibility. The patient was submitted to orthodontic treatment prior to syndrome diagnosis. The clinical treatment consisted of the interruption of orthodontic treatment and restoring the oral condition with dental treatment and the use of artificial saliva in an innovative apparatus...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999690/peripheral-giant-cell-granuloma-in-a-child-associated-with-ectopic-eruption-and-traumatic-habit-with-control-of-four-years
#14
Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Cristhiane Almeida Leite, Brunna Haddad Anhesini, Jéssica Marques Gomes da Silva Aguilera, Álvaro Henrique Borges
Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a nonneoplastic lesion that may affect any region of the gingiva or alveolar mucosa of edentulous and toothed areas, preferentially in the mandible and rarely occurring in children. This report describes the clinical and histopathological findings of a PGCG diagnosed in the maxilla of a 9-year-old boy associated with a tooth erupting improperly and a traumatic habit. The patient did not present anything noteworthy on extraoral physical examination or medical history, but the habit of picking his teeth and "poking" the gingiva...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994892/natural-tooth-pontic-an-instant-esthetic-option-for-periodontally-compromised-teeth-a-case-series
#15
Rishi Raj, Kriti Mehrotra, Ipshita Narayan, Triveni Mavinakote Gowda, D S Mehta
Sudden tooth loss in the esthetic zone of the maxillary or mandibular anterior region can be due to trauma, periodontal disease, or endodontic failure. The treatment options for replacing the missing tooth can vary between removable prosthesis, tooth-supported prosthesis, and implant-supported prosthesis. Irrespective of the final treatment, the first line of management would be to provisionally restore the patient's esthetic appearance at the earliest, while functionally stabilizing the compromised arch. Using the patient's own natural tooth as a pontic offers the benefits of being the right size, shape, and color and provides exact repositioning in its original intraoral three-dimensional position...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994891/the-use-of-miswak-as-toothbrush-for-orthodontic-patient
#16
Khoirulzariah Ismail
This case report presents a patient who is undergoing orthodontic treatment with upper and lower fixed appliance. An interesting point on this case is that the patient only uses Miswak as her oral hygiene tool due to her religious belief. The oral hygiene protocol was allowed and her oral health was closely monitored throughout her orthodontic treatment.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994890/new-approach-to-managing-onychophagia
#17
O Marouane, M Ghorbel, M Nahdi, A Necibi, N Douki
Onychophagia is defined as a chronic habit of biting nails, commonly observed in both children and young adults. This oral habit may lead to various medical and dental problems. To date, onychophagia is considered an unsolved problem in medicine and dentistry. In this paper we describe an exclusive nonpunitive fixed appliance utilizing a stainless steel twisted round wire bonded from canine to canine, in the mandibular arch, as a treatment of onychophagia. It was used successfully in young adult patients and maintained for a month...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994889/sclerotherapy-of-intraoral-superficial-hemangioma
#18
Resmije Ademi Abdyli, Yll Abdyli, Feriall Perjuci, Ali Gashi, Zana Agani, Jehona Ahmedi
Hemangioma is the clinical term for a benign vascular neoplasm due to proliferation of the endothelial lining of blood vessels. Their most frequent location is the body skin and oral mucosa. One of the treatment modalities for hemangiomas is intralesional injection of sclerosing agents which cause the damage of blood vessels followed by their obliteration. The objective of the study was to describe the facility of application and evaluate the efficiency of sclerotherapy with aethoxysklerol 1%. Method. The case presented with intraoral submucosal hemangioma of the cheek was treated by intralesional injection of aethoxysklerol 3% diluted in water for injections at a 4 : 1 ratio (0...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994888/a-rare-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-of-the-maxilla-mimicking-a-periapical-lesion
#19
José Alcides Arruda, Pamella Álvares, Luciano Silva, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos Neto, Cleomar Donizeth Rodrigues, Antônio Caubi, Marcia Silveira, Sandra Sayão, Ana Paula Sobral
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a malignant neoplasm that is rarely found in the oral cavity. About 50% of this tumor occurs in patients with neurofibromatosis type I and comprises approximately 10% of all soft tissue sarcomas of head and neck region. Intraosseous malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the maxilla is rare. This article is the first to address malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the maxilla presenting as a periapical radiolucency on nonvital endodontically treated teeth in the English medical literature...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990304/nonneoplastic-tongue-swellings-of-lymphatic-and-lymphocytic-origin-three-case-reports
#20
Manar A Abdul Aziz, Nermin M Yussif
Tongue is formed of a mass of muscles and salivary gland embedded in anterior highly vascular and posterior lymphoid stroma and covered by specialized surface epithelium. Growths from all of these heterogonous components may occur resulting in a wide variation in clinical features and behavior, ranging from self-limiting to aggressive lesions. Therefore, surgical excision is the treatment of choice. The aim of the current study is to report three different lesions that came to the Oral Surgery Department in the Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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