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Case Reports in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740741/ten-year-follow-up-of-a-fragment-reattachment-to-an-anterior-tooth-a-conservative-approach
#1
Luiz Mendes, Laisa Laxe, Leandro Passos
This report describes the 10-year follow-up data of a patient who underwent fragment reattachment to the maxillary central incisor after coronal fracture with pulp exposure as well as the procedures followed for functional and esthetic adjustments. A 9-year-old female patient presented at the clinic of dentistry at the State University of Rio de Janeiro with a coronal fracture and pulp exposure of the right maxillary central incisor that had occurred immediately after an accident. The intact tooth fragment was recovered at the accident site and stored in milk...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713601/resin-nanoceramic-cad-cam-restoration-of-the-primary-molar-3-year-follow-up-study
#2
Akif Demirel, Tuğba Bezgin, Funda Akaltan, Şaziye Sarı
This case report presents the clinical use of a resin nanoceramic CAD/CAM restoration of a primary second molar without successor in the form of a permanent second premolar tooth in a patient. Three-year follow-up of the case revealed that resin nanoceramic CAD/CAM restoration of the primary molar without successor achieved both aesthetics and function. Despite the high cost of treatment, this type of restoration should be considered if the retained tooth is expected to maintain functionality over the long term...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713600/periodontics-implantology-and-prosthodontics-integrated-the-zenith-driven-rehabilitation
#3
Fausto Frizzera, Mateus Tonetto, Guilherme Cabral, Jamil Awad Shibli, Elcio Marcantonio
A customized treatment plan is important to reach results that will satisfy the patient providing esthetics, function, and long-term stability. This type of oral rehabilitation requires professionals from different dental specialties where communication is a major key point. Digital Smile Design allows the practitioners to plan and discuss the patient's condition to establish the proper treatment plan, which must be driven by the desired zenith position. The ideal gingival position will guide the professionals and determine the need to perform surgical procedures or orthodontic movement before placing the final restorations...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706744/management-of-oromandibular-dystonia-a-case-report-and-literature-update
#4
Suma Gn, Adrita Nag
Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary, paroxysmal, and patterned muscle contractions of varying severity resulting in sustained spasms of masticatory muscles, affecting the jaws, tongue, face, and pharynx. It is most commonly idiopathic or medication-induced, but peripheral trauma sometimes precedes the condition. We present a case report of a 26-year-old female patient who suffered repetitive bouts of hemifacial muscle contractions for 2 years on closing the mouth which interfered in patient's well-being and quality of life by hampering her ability to eat and talk and to the extent of inability to breath due to contractions of her neck muscles...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702265/rehabilitation-of-nose-following-chemical-burn-using-cad-cam-made-substructure-for-implant-retained-nasal-prosthesis-a-clinical-report
#5
Saurabh Chaturvedi, Tushar Bhagat, A K Verma, Vishwanath Gurumurthy, Mariyam Ali, Preeti Vadhwani, Mudita Chaturvedi
Insufficient knowledge of medical chemicals and their improper use have destructive effects. Accidental exposure to chemicals on facial tissue may result in large facial defect. For ages the tradition of piercing nose is common but improper use of unknown chemical for piercing has deleterious effect. Mostly rhinectomy defects are acquired caused by trauma or malignant diseases. Prosthetic rehabilitation is the preferred treatment of choice for any large rhinectomy defects as medical and surgical interventions are ineffective in developing esthetics...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642828/surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-affected-by-type-1-myotonic-dystrophy-steinert-syndrome
#6
Laura Cacucci, Beatrice Ricci, Maria Moretti, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Cristina Grippaudo
Myotonic dystrophy, or Steinert's disease, is the most common form of muscular dystrophy that occurs in adults. This multisystemic form involves the skeletal muscles but affects also the eye, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, and the cardiac system. The weakness of the facial muscles causes a characteristic facial appearance frequently associated with malocclusions. Young people with myotonic dystrophy, who also have severe malocclusions, have bad oral functions such as chewing, breathing, and phonation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642827/vertical-and-transverse-management-with-transpalatal-arches-in-an-adult-with-class-iii-malocclusion
#7
R M Yañez-Vico, M Cadenas de Llano Perula, E Solano-Reina
The transpalatal arch might be one of the most common intraoral auxiliary fixed appliances used in orthodontics in order to provide dental anchorage. The aim of the present case report is to describe a case in which an adult patient with a tendency to class III, palatal compression, and bilateral posterior crossbite was treated with double transpalatal bars in order to control the torque of both the first and the second molars. Double transpalatal arches on both first and second maxillary molars are a successful appliance in order to control the posterior sectors and improve the torsion of the molars...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638666/osteoma-cutis-of-the-face-in-cbct-images
#8
Daniah Alhazmi, Fatma Badr, Fatima Jadu, Ahmed M Jan, Zainab Abdulsalam
Osteoma cutis (OC) is a rare benign disorder where osseous nodules form in the reticular layer of normal skin. These nodules are formed by the deposition of lamellar bone and are characterized by osteocytes in the core and osteoclasts around the periphery. Interpretation of osteoma cutis cases has always been challenging especially using conventional two-dimensional (2D) radiographs, owing to difficulty in localization. Cone beam CT (CBCT), with its three-dimensional (3D) capabilities, offers a great tool to help detect and diagnose these calcific entities...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634557/dental-management-of-a-child-with-incidentally-detected-hemophilia-report-of-a-clinical-case
#9
Ricardo Martínez-Rider, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Raúl Márquez-Preciado, María Victoria Bolaños-Carmona, Socorro Islas-Ruiz, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
Children with hemophilia (A or B) are at risk for bleeding episodes, which rank from mild mucosal/soft tissues bleeding to life-threatening hemorrhages. This report describes the dental/medical management provided to an 8.10-year-old patient suffering from uncontrolled bleeding after a surgical procedure to expose both permanent upper central incisors, in which hemophilia was a pure incidental finding. Additionally, diverse precautions to be considered during the dental clinical treatment of hemophilic children are discussed...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630773/functional-treatment-of-a-child-with-extracapsular-mandibular-fracture
#10
Diana Cassi, Marisabel Magnifico, Chiara Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini, Alberto Di Blasio
Condylar fractures are among the most frequent fractures in the context of traumatic lesions of the face. The management of condylar fractures is still controversial, especially when fractures occur in children: if overlooked or inappropriately treated, these lesions may lead to severe sequelae, both cosmetic and functional. The therapy must be careful because severe long-term complications can occur. In this case report, the authors present a case of mandibular fracture in which the decision between surgical therapy and functional therapeutic regimen may be controversial due to the particular anatomy of the fracture line and the age of the patient...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620553/unusual-case-of-extraction-of-maxillary-lateral-incisors-and-mandibular-central-incisors
#11
Rosa-María Yañez-Vico, Maria Cadenas de Llano-Perula, Enrique Solano-Reina
INTRODUCTION: This article's purpose is to report a case where maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular central incisors are extracted and a canine substitution was performed as the best therapeutic option in order to obtain symmetry in a malocclusion with an upper lateral incisor with poor prognostic, solve moderate crowding, get enough space for the permanent dentition, and provide stability to the results. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old boy with straight profile with acute-to-normal nasolabial angle and protruded lips, mixed dentition, lower and upper severe crowding, and a bilateral molar angle Class I...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611927/3d-evaluation-of-palatal-rugae-in-identical-twins
#12
Emiliya Taneva, Carla Evans, Grace Viana
The study of identical twins can point out potential limitations in biometrics and forensic odontology. This case report presents three-dimensional (3D) palatal rugae analysis in monozygotic twins utilizing digital models obtained directly by scanning the maxillary dental arch with the iTero® intraoral digital scanner. The results show that the rugae patterns contain related but not identical features between the pair of identical twins. Dental study models taken on a regular basis for diagnosis and treatment planning in dentistry include the palatal rugae, which could be valuable to forensics in identical twin identification cases...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589044/asymmetric-expansion-with-a-modified-quad-helix-for-treatment-of-isolated-crossbite
#13
Marisabel Magnifico, Alberto Di Blasio, Diana Cassi, Chiara Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini
Unilateral posterior crossbite often involves only one tooth, especially upper first molar; in these cases it is never easy to obtain an asymmetrical movement of a molar and a proper planning of the orthodontic device with its anchorage is necessary to avoid arch overexpansion. Thanks to its simplicity and efficacy, the modified Quad Helix here described represents a valid therapeutic tool in cases of isolated posterior crossbite.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573052/decoronation-an-alternative-treatment-for-replacement-root-resorption
#14
Marianne Sala, Asunción Mendoza-Mendoza, Rosa-María Yañez-Vico
INTRODUCTION: Ankylosis and disrupted or altered root development are frequent complications associated with intrusive luxation and tooth avulsion lesions. Various forms of treatment have been described according to the severity of the trauma and root development. The literature shows that decoronation is an ideal treatment in cases where replacement resorption occurs. METHODS: Two clinical cases are presented: involving intrusive luxation [15-year-old female patient with an affected maxillary left lateral incisor (2...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546879/histological-evaluation-and-management-of-rare-case-of-supernumerary-ghost-teeth
#15
Dino Re, Elena Canciani, Corinne Poli, Laura Buccarella, Marilisa Toma, Andrea Carlo Butti, Claudia Dellavia
Supernumerary teeth are teeth that exceed the normal dental formula. Their prevalence in the permanent dentition is 1-14% and they occur more frequently in maxilla with a sex ratio of 2 : 1 in favor of males. They are often associated with syndromes but there are examples of nonsyndromic multiple supernumerary teeth reported in the literature. CBCT is usually the best exam for radiographic diagnosis and treatment planning, because it provides 3D information about location and morphology of supernumerary teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540090/orthodontic-intervention-to-impacted-and-transposed-lower-canines
#16
Nihat Kılıç, Hüsamettin Oktay
Impacted and transposed teeth cause serious difficulties in tooth eruption and movement as well as esthetic and functional outcomes. Proper treatment planning including good biomechanical control is essential in order to avoid side effects during traction and aligning of the impacted and/or transposed teeth. The purpose of the present study was to present a successfully treated female patient having transposed and impacted lower canines by means of a modified lingual arch and fixed orthodontic appliance. A female patient aged 13 years and 9 months presented to the orthodontic department with a chief compliant of bilateral spacing and missing teeth in mandibular dentition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487780/biofilm-analysis-of-retrieved-dental-implants-after-different-peri-implantitis-treatments
#17
Thaise C Geremias, Juan F D Montero, Ricardo de Souza Magini, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Edival Barreto de Magalhães, Marco A Bianchini
The aim of the current study was to analyse the planktonic growth of Streptococcus mutans on the surfaces of three implants retrieved after three different peri-implantitis treatments. Three implants from a male patient with high levels of bone loss were treated by mechanical debridement, chemical decontamination, and implantoplasty. After 4 months of follow-up, the implants were removed. The growth and biofilm formation were measured by spectrophotometry (OD630 nm) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), after 48 hours of incubation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487779/massive-cervicothoracic-subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-developing-during-a-dental-hygiene-procedure
#18
Gabriele Bocchialini, Serena Ambrosi, Andrea Castellani
Subcutaneous emphysema is rare during or after dental procedures (usually extractions). Here, we describe the case of a 65-year-old woman who developed massive cervicothoracic subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during a dental hygiene procedure employing an artificial airflow. She was diagnosed based on clinical manifestations and computed tomography (CT). CT revealed massive subcutaneous emphysema extending from the superior left eyelid to the diaphragm. We describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of this rare case...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487778/cl-ii-malocclusion-treatment-using-the-modified-twin-block-appliance-coordinated-with-fixed-orthodontics-in-a-postmenarche-patient
#19
Amin Aminian, Shahriar Sarvareh Azimzadeh, Elina Rahmanian
Functional appliances have been used for treatment of Class II patients for a long time. The main objective of therapy with functional appliances is to induce supplementary lengthening of the mandible by stimulating increased growth at the condylar cartilage. The Twin Block appliance is one of the most commonly used functional appliances. The aim of this paper is to present a case report of mandibular deficiency treatment with Twin Block appliance in a female patient whose sexual maturation (one and a half years after menarche) and cervical vertebral maturation stage indicated the end of the growth peak...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484652/esthetic-rehabilitation-with-direct-composite-veneering-a-report-of-2-cases
#20
Kyatham Sowmya, K S Dwijendra, V Pranitha, Konda Karthik Roy
Esthetic or cosmetic dentistry is one of the main areas of dental practice. Increasing demand of patients for esthetics has resulted in the development of several techniques for restoring the anterior teeth. Composite resin restorations have become an integral part of contemporary restorative dentistry and can be called "star of minimal invasion" due to its conservative concepts. The direct composite veneering allows restoring the tooth in a natural way and preservation of sound tooth structure when compared to indirect restorations...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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