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Case Reports in Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634557/dental-management-of-a-child-with-incidentally-detected-hemophilia-report-of-a-clinical-case
#1
Ricardo Martínez-Rider, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Raúl Márquez-Preciado, María Victoria Bolaños-Carmona, Socorro Islas-Ruiz, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
Children with hemophilia (A or B) are at risk for bleeding episodes, which rank from mild mucosal/soft tissues bleeding to life-threatening hemorrhages. This report describes the dental/medical management provided to an 8.10-year-old patient suffering from uncontrolled bleeding after a surgical procedure to expose both permanent upper central incisors, in which hemophilia was a pure incidental finding. Additionally, diverse precautions to be considered during the dental clinical treatment of hemophilic children are discussed...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630773/functional-treatment-of-a-child-with-extracapsular-mandibular-fracture
#2
Diana Cassi, Marisabel Magnifico, Chiara Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini, Alberto Di Blasio
Condylar fractures are among the most frequent fractures in the context of traumatic lesions of the face. The management of condylar fractures is still controversial, especially when fractures occur in children: if overlooked or inappropriately treated, these lesions may lead to severe sequelae, both cosmetic and functional. The therapy must be careful because severe long-term complications can occur. In this case report, the authors present a case of mandibular fracture in which the decision between surgical therapy and functional therapeutic regimen may be controversial due to the particular anatomy of the fracture line and the age of the patient...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620553/unusual-case-of-extraction-of-maxillary-lateral-incisors-and-mandibular-central-incisors
#3
Rosa-María Yañez-Vico, Maria Cadenas de Llano-Perula, Enrique Solano-Reina
INTRODUCTION: This article's purpose is to report a case where maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular central incisors are extracted and a canine substitution was performed as the best therapeutic option in order to obtain symmetry in a malocclusion with an upper lateral incisor with poor prognostic, solve moderate crowding, get enough space for the permanent dentition, and provide stability to the results. CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old boy with straight profile with acute-to-normal nasolabial angle and protruded lips, mixed dentition, lower and upper severe crowding, and a bilateral molar angle Class I...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611927/3d-evaluation-of-palatal-rugae-in-identical-twins
#4
Emiliya Taneva, Carla Evans, Grace Viana
The study of identical twins can point out potential limitations in biometrics and forensic odontology. This case report presents three-dimensional (3D) palatal rugae analysis in monozygotic twins utilizing digital models obtained directly by scanning the maxillary dental arch with the iTero® intraoral digital scanner. The results show that the rugae patterns contain related but not identical features between the pair of identical twins. Dental study models taken on a regular basis for diagnosis and treatment planning in dentistry include the palatal rugae, which could be valuable to forensics in identical twin identification cases...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589044/asymmetric-expansion-with-a-modified-quad-helix-for-treatment-of-isolated-crossbite
#5
Marisabel Magnifico, Alberto Di Blasio, Diana Cassi, Chiara Di Blasio, Mauro Gandolfini
Unilateral posterior crossbite often involves only one tooth, especially upper first molar; in these cases it is never easy to obtain an asymmetrical movement of a molar and a proper planning of the orthodontic device with its anchorage is necessary to avoid arch overexpansion. Thanks to its simplicity and efficacy, the modified Quad Helix here described represents a valid therapeutic tool in cases of isolated posterior crossbite.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573052/decoronation-an-alternative-treatment-for-replacement-root-resorption
#6
Marianne Sala, Asunción Mendoza-Mendoza, Rosa-María Yañez-Vico
INTRODUCTION: Ankylosis and disrupted or altered root development are frequent complications associated with intrusive luxation and tooth avulsion lesions. Various forms of treatment have been described according to the severity of the trauma and root development. The literature shows that decoronation is an ideal treatment in cases where replacement resorption occurs. METHODS: Two clinical cases are presented: involving intrusive luxation [15-year-old female patient with an affected maxillary left lateral incisor (2...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546879/histological-evaluation-and-management-of-rare-case-of-supernumerary-ghost-teeth
#7
Dino Re, Elena Canciani, Corinne Poli, Laura Buccarella, Marilisa Toma, Andrea Carlo Butti, Claudia Dellavia
Supernumerary teeth are teeth that exceed the normal dental formula. Their prevalence in the permanent dentition is 1-14% and they occur more frequently in maxilla with a sex ratio of 2 : 1 in favor of males. They are often associated with syndromes but there are examples of nonsyndromic multiple supernumerary teeth reported in the literature. CBCT is usually the best exam for radiographic diagnosis and treatment planning, because it provides 3D information about location and morphology of supernumerary teeth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540090/orthodontic-intervention-to-impacted-and-transposed-lower-canines
#8
Nihat Kılıç, Hüsamettin Oktay
Impacted and transposed teeth cause serious difficulties in tooth eruption and movement as well as esthetic and functional outcomes. Proper treatment planning including good biomechanical control is essential in order to avoid side effects during traction and aligning of the impacted and/or transposed teeth. The purpose of the present study was to present a successfully treated female patient having transposed and impacted lower canines by means of a modified lingual arch and fixed orthodontic appliance. A female patient aged 13 years and 9 months presented to the orthodontic department with a chief compliant of bilateral spacing and missing teeth in mandibular dentition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487780/biofilm-analysis-of-retrieved-dental-implants-after-different-peri-implantitis-treatments
#9
Thaise C Geremias, Juan F D Montero, Ricardo de Souza Magini, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Edival Barreto de Magalhães, Marco A Bianchini
The aim of the current study was to analyse the planktonic growth of Streptococcus mutans on the surfaces of three implants retrieved after three different peri-implantitis treatments. Three implants from a male patient with high levels of bone loss were treated by mechanical debridement, chemical decontamination, and implantoplasty. After 4 months of follow-up, the implants were removed. The growth and biofilm formation were measured by spectrophotometry (OD630 nm) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), after 48 hours of incubation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487779/massive-cervicothoracic-subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumomediastinum-developing-during-a-dental-hygiene-procedure
#10
Gabriele Bocchialini, Serena Ambrosi, Andrea Castellani
Subcutaneous emphysema is rare during or after dental procedures (usually extractions). Here, we describe the case of a 65-year-old woman who developed massive cervicothoracic subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during a dental hygiene procedure employing an artificial airflow. She was diagnosed based on clinical manifestations and computed tomography (CT). CT revealed massive subcutaneous emphysema extending from the superior left eyelid to the diaphragm. We describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of this rare case...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487778/cl-ii-malocclusion-treatment-using-the-modified-twin-block-appliance-coordinated-with-fixed-orthodontics-in-a-postmenarche-patient
#11
Amin Aminian, Shahriar Sarvareh Azimzadeh, Elina Rahmanian
Functional appliances have been used for treatment of Class II patients for a long time. The main objective of therapy with functional appliances is to induce supplementary lengthening of the mandible by stimulating increased growth at the condylar cartilage. The Twin Block appliance is one of the most commonly used functional appliances. The aim of this paper is to present a case report of mandibular deficiency treatment with Twin Block appliance in a female patient whose sexual maturation (one and a half years after menarche) and cervical vertebral maturation stage indicated the end of the growth peak...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484652/esthetic-rehabilitation-with-direct-composite-veneering-a-report-of-2-cases
#12
Kyatham Sowmya, K S Dwijendra, V Pranitha, Konda Karthik Roy
Esthetic or cosmetic dentistry is one of the main areas of dental practice. Increasing demand of patients for esthetics has resulted in the development of several techniques for restoring the anterior teeth. Composite resin restorations have become an integral part of contemporary restorative dentistry and can be called "star of minimal invasion" due to its conservative concepts. The direct composite veneering allows restoring the tooth in a natural way and preservation of sound tooth structure when compared to indirect restorations...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480084/concomitant-central-giant-cell-granuloma-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-in-a-young-child
#13
Deepika Pai, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Adarsh Kudva, Monica Monica Charlotte Solomon, Saurabh Kumar, Prem Sasikumar
Although Central Giant Cell Granuloma (CGCG) is a benign tumor of the jaw and aneurysmal bone cyst seen in children, its aggressive behavior causes extensive loss of hard tissue requiring wide excision and extensive rehabilitation. We report a rare case of concomitant CGCG and aneurysmal bone cyst in a two-year-old male child, involving the coronoid and condylar process. Young age, large tumor, its aggressive nature, and future growth of orofacial region pose a significant challenge in the management of such conditions...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473930/full-mouth-reconstruction-of-a-skeletal-class-ii-division-1-patient-with-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-using-an-interim-immediate-obturator-and-a-definitive-obturator
#14
Mehran Bahrami, Seyed Mehran Falahchai
A 61-year-old female patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the right maxilla and Angle class II division 1 malocclusion had received a subtotal maxillectomy in right side and used a conventional clasp-retained obturator. After implants placement, a maxillary interim immediate obturator (IIO) and then a definitive obturator using six endosseous implants were fabricated. During one-year follow-up, the patient was completely satisfied. Ideally, after implants placement in edentulous patients suffering from hemimaxillectomy, an implant-supported obturator (ISO) is designed in order to prevent nasal reflux and to improve speech and swallowing...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473929/stevens-johnson-syndrome-following-failure-of-genetic-screening-prior-to-carbamazepine-prescription
#15
Suraya Ahmad Nasir, Huann Lan Tan, Hui Jan Tan, Haizal Mohd Hussaini, Roszalina Ramli
Failure to screen susceptible individuals for human leucocyte allele B∗1502 leads to the onset of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). We report a case of a 27-year-old Malay female who was treated with carbamazepine following the diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia without a genetic screening. She was prescribed 150 mg of carbamazepine initially and the dose was increased to 300 mg following the initial dose. A sudden development of skin and mucous membrane ulcers was observed and this warranted immediate hospitalization...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469945/osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-after-dental-implants-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#16
Matthieu Balanger, Margaux Hinet, Christian Vacher, Norbert Bellaiche, Jean-Luc Charrier, Sarah Millot
Dental implants are now broadly used to replace missing teeth, and the presence of infectious complications is rising. Dental implant therapy as a local risk factor for the onset of osteomyelitis and its management have not been widely explored. Here, we report an unusual case of mandibular suppurative osteomyelitis caused by Streptococcus intermedius in a healthy and immunocompetent patient secondary to mandibular implants. We describe how surgery combined with systemic application of antibiotics allowed conservation of the dental implants in the mandibular bone, discuss the probable source of contamination, and present the follow-up of the osteomyelitis...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465844/delayed-treatment-of-traumatized-primary-teeth-with-distinct-pulp-response-follow-up-until-permanent-successors-eruption
#17
Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira, Juliana Calistro da Silva, Franciny Querobim Ionta, Catarina Ribeiro Barros de Alencar, Priscilla Santana Pinto Gonçalves, Thaís Marchini de Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel, Daniela Rios
Complicated crown fracture and crown-root fracture with pulp involvement expose dental pulp to the oral environment. The pulp outcome is often unpredictable because the patient and injury which are related to variables can influence the treatment of choice and the prognosis of the case. This report presents the case of a 4-year-old boy with complicated crown fracture with pulp polyp in the primary right maxillary central incisor (51) and crown-root fracture with pulp involvement in the primary left maxillary central incisor (61), which was treated only 3 months after the tooth injuries...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458932/uncommon-odontogenic-orocutaneous-fistula-of-the-jaw-treated-with-platelet-rich-fibrin
#18
Kani Bilginaylar
Orocutaneous fistula (OCF) of dental origin is a relatively rare condition and continues to be a challenging diagnosis. Misdiagnosis of OCF usually leads to unnecessary and noneffective treatment. A 21-year-old male referred with a complaint of a lesion on the chin which was misdiagnosed as a carbuncle (lesion of nonodontogenic origin) by a physician. After radiological examination, there was a lesion around the apical region of right central incisor. These findings indicated a sinus tract associated with dental origin...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458931/dental-abnormalities-in-pituitary-dwarfism-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Franco Ferrante, Sergio Blasi, Rolando Crippa, Francesca Angiero
Hypopituitarism is a disorder caused by a reduced level of trophic hormones that may be consequent on different destructive processes. The clinical manifestations depend on the type of hormone involved. A deficiency of growth hormone (GH) in children causes the lack of growth known as pituitary dwarfism. The case is reported of a patient with pituitary dwarfism, multiple dental anomalies, functional prosthetic problems, and a revision of the literature. She was subjected to prosthetic rehabilitation without surgical intervention, using zirconium substructures, thus eliminating the potential complications that may require trauma surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458930/an-18-month-old-child-with-infantile-pompe-disease-oral-signs
#20
Derya Ceyhan, Burcu Gucyetmez Topal
We aim to create an information platform by contributing orodental findings of Pompe disease to literature. An 18-month-old male patient with Pompe disease was referred to our clinic due to swelling of the gums. In first dental examination, a nonfluctuant, normal gingiva colored swelling at the right anterior region of maxilla was detected. His parents were recommended to perform finger massage to the region. Six months later, 51, 52, 62, and 74 numbered teeth had erupted, there was a fusion between 51 and 52 numbered teeth, 84 numbered tooth was seen to be erupted, and a swelling at the site of this tooth, similar to previous one, was present...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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