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Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine

Hye Yeon Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Bo-Ram Kim, Seong-Eun Koh, In-Sik Lee, Jongmin Lee
Bilateral paramedian thalamic infarction is a rare subtype of stroke caused by occlusion of the artery of Percheron, an uncommon variant originating from one of the posterior cerebral arteries. This type of stroke has several major clinical presentations: altered mental status, behavioral amnestic impairment, aphasia or dysarthria, ocular movement disorders, motor deficits, cerebellar signs, and others. Few cases of bilateral paramedian thalamic infarction-related pseudobulbar palsy characterized by dysarthria, dysphagia, and facial and tongue weakness have been reported...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yong Jae Ko, Yang Gyun Lee, Ji Woong Park, Sung Ho Ahn, Jin Myoung Kwak, Yoon-Hee Choi
Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) involves the central and peripheral nervous system in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It is essential to specify the problems faced by patients with NPSLE because it causes diverse disabilities and impairs quality of life. After performing a comprehensive evaluation, tailored management should be provided for the patient's specific problems. We report here the case of a 30-year-old female with SLE who experienced serious neuropsychiatric symptoms cerebral infarction followed by posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and peripheral polyneuropathy...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sang Mee Jeong, Joo Hyun Park, Jong In Lee, Kyung Eun Nam, Jung Soo Lee, Joo Hee Kim
Bilateral facial palsy, which is usually combined with other diseases, occurs infrequently. It may imply a life-threatening condition. Therefore, the differential diagnosis of bilateral facial palsy is important. However, the etiology is variable, which makes diagnosis challenging. We report a rare case of progressive bilateral facial palsy as a manifestation of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). A 40-year-old male with otitis media and right facial palsy was referred for electroneurography (ENoG), which showed a 7...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kye Hee Cho, Woojin Song, Jungsoo Kim, Eun Ji Jung, Joonyoung Jang, Sang Hee Im, MinYoung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the energy expenditure (EE) of Korean young adults based on activities refined to a deskbound lifestyle. METHODS: Sixty-four healthy office workers aged between 25 and 46 years participated in this study. EE was expressed as metabolic equivalent of task (MET). Participants were evaluated in terms of their EE during physical activities of sleeping (n=22), typing (n=37), folding laundry (n=34), dishwashing (n=32), studying (n=18), mopping (n=35), walking (n=33), stair climbing (n=23), and running (n=29)...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sung-Il Hwang, Bum-Suk Lee, Zee-A Han, Hye-Jin Lee, Sang-Hoon Han, Myeong-Ok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors related to urinary tract infection (UTI) occurrence after an urodynamic study (UDS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the medical records of 387 patients with SCI who underwent UDS with prophylactic antibiotic therapy between January 2012 and December 2012. Among them, 140 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups, UTI and non-UTI. We statistically analyzed the following factors between the two groups: age, sex, level of injury, SCI duration, spinal cord independence measure, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, diabetes mellitus, the American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale (AIS), lower extremity spasticity, a history of UTI within the past 4 weeks prior to the UDS, symptoms and signs of neurogenic bladder, urination methods, symptoms during the UDS and UDS results...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Salvador Israel Macías-Hernández, Diana Sureima Vásquez-Sotelo, Marco Vinicio Ferruzca-Navarro, Susana Hazel Badillo Sánchez, Josefina Gutiérrez-Martínez, Marco Antonio Núñez-Gaona, Heriberto Aguirre Meneses, Oscar Benjamín Velez-Gutiérrez, Irene Tapia-Ferrusco, María de Los Ángeles Soria-Bastida, Roberto Coronado-Zarco, Juan Daniel Morones-Alba
OBJECTIVE: To propose and evaluate the effectiveness of a telerehabilitation platform designed for patients with rotator cuff (RC) tears. METHODS: During the first study phase, a virtual service platform that included information on RC tear pathology, joint care, and a series of instructions regarding therapeutic exercise was designed and created. Subsequently, in the clinical phase, a quasi-experimental study was performed. The platform was tested on patients and evaluated at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months with respect to their pain levels and functionality on the Constant-Murley (CM) scale...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ji Sun Jung, Hyun Jung Chang, Jeong-Yi Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall profile of children with feeding disorders and their relationships to medical conditions in an outpatient feeding clinic of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: The medical records of 143 children who had visited the feeding clinic between January 2010 and June 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. The presence of a feeding disorder (feeding behavior disorder, dysphagia, and/or failure to thrive [FTT]) and the children's medical conditions were examined by a physiatrist...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate characteristics of static and dynamic parameters in patients with degenerative flat back (DFB) and to compare degree of their improvement between successful and unsuccessful surgical outcome groups. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with DFB were included who took whole spine X-ray and three-dimensional motion analysis before and 6 months after corrective surgery. Forty-four subjects were selected as a control group. As static parameters, thoracic kyphosis (TK), thoracolumbar junction (TLJ), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), sacral slope (SS), and pelvic tilt (PT) were measured...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ji-Ho Kang, Hee-Joon Bae, Young-Ah Choi, Sang Heon Lee, Hyung Ik Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the length of hospital stay (LOS) after stroke using the database of the Korean Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. METHODS: We matched the data of patients admitted for ischemic stroke onset within 7 days in the Departments of Neurology of 12 hospitals to the data from the database of the Korean Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. We recruited 3,839 patients who were hospitalized between January 2011 and December 2011, had a previous modified Rankin Scale of 0, and no acute hospital readmission after discharge...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jae Lim Kim, Ji Sun Jung, Sang Jun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To predict ambulatory capacity, 1 month after physical therapy following hip fracture surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was carried out. Patients more than 60 years old, who underwent hip fracture surgery and received physical therapies, were selected (n=548). Age, gender, presence of cognitive dysfunction, combined medical diseases, combined fractures, previous history of hip surgery, prefracture ambulatory capacity, days from the fracture to surgery, type of fracture, type of surgery, presence of postoperative complications, days from the surgery to physical therapy, and total admission period, were collected...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ickpyo Hong, Annie N Simpson, Sarah Logan, Hee-Soon Woo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the longitudinal characteristics of unintentional fall accidents using a representative population-based sample of Korean adults. METHODS: We examined data from the Korean Community Health Survey from 2008 to 2013. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify the characteristics of fall accidents in adults. RESULTS: Between 2008 and 2013, the incidence rate of fall accidents requiring medical treatment increased from 1,248 to 3,423 per 100,000 people (p<0...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chul Kim, Hee Eun Choi, Young-Joon Lim
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect and safety of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise in ischemic cardiomyopathy and to compare the results between patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and reduced LVEF. METHODS: Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy with LVEF <50% were included as subjects. The patients were classified into the preserved LVEF (pLVEF; LVEF 41%-49%) group and the reduced LVEF (rLVEF; LVEF ≤40%) group. Patients underwent hourly aerobic exercise training sessions with an intensity of 60%-85% of heart rate reserve, three times a week for 6 weeks...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Bo-Ram Kim, Won-Jin Moon, Hyuntae Kim, Eunhwa Jung, Jongmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the supratentorial area associated with poststroke dysphagia, we assessed the diffusion tensor images (DTI) in subacute stroke patients with supratentorial lesions. METHODS: We included 31 patients with a first episode of infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory. Each subject underwent brain DTI as well as a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and patients divided were into the dysphagia and non-dysphagia groups. Clinical dysphagia scale (CDS) scores were compared between the two groups...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kil-Byung Lim, Hong-Jae Lee, Jeehyun Yoo, Hyun-Ju Yun, Hye-Jung Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mirror therapy containing functional tasks on upper extremity function and activities of daily living in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: the mirror therapy group (30 patients) and the sham therapy group (30 patients). The mirror therapy group underwent a mirror therapy program together with conventional therapy for 20 minutes per day on 5 days per week for 4 weeks...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jong Ha Lee, Hee-Sang Kim, Dong Hwan Yun, Jinmann Chon, Yoo Jin Han, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Hye In Joo, Ji-Su Park, Jin Chul Kim, Yunsoo Soh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between tongue pressure and different aspects of the oral-phase swallowing function. METHODS: We included 96 stroke patients with dysphagia, ranging in age from 40 to 88 years (mean, 63.7 years). Measurements of tongue pressure were obtained with the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument, a device with established normative data. Three trials of maximum performance were performed for lip closure pressure (LP), anterior hard palate-to-tongue pressure (AP), and posterior hard palate-to-tongue pressure (PP); buccal-to-tongue pressures on both sides were also recorded (buccal-to-tongue pressure, on the weak side [BW]; buccal-to-tongue pressure, on the healthy side [BH])...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yoon Sik Choi, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Gyu Tae Park, Sook Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an upper limb rehabilitation robot therapy on hemispatial neglect in stroke patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into an upper limb rehabilitation robot treatment group (robot group) and a control group. The patients in the robot group received left upper limb training using an upper limb rehabilitation robot. The patients sat on the right side of the robot, so that the monitor of the robot was located on the patients' left side...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kyung Rok Ko, Hee Jung Park, Jung Keun Hyun, In-Hyo Seo, Tae Uk Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on dysphonia in patients with dysphagia caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Eighteen patients participated in this study. The subjects were divided into NMES (n=12) and conventional swallowing training only (CST, n=6) groups. The NMES group received NMES combined with CST for 2 weeks, followed by CST without NMES for the next 2 weeks. The CST group received only CST for 4 weeks...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jeong-Gue Choi, Joon-Ho Shin, Bo-Ra Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the beneficial effect of botulinum toxin A (Botox) injection into the subscapularis muscle on intractable hemiplegic shoulder pain. METHODS: Six stroke patients with intractable hemiplegic shoulder pain were included. Botulinum toxin A was injected into the subscapularis muscle. Intractable hemiplegic shoulder pain was evaluated using an 11-point numerical rating scale. Pain-free range of motion was assessed for shoulder abduction and external rotation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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