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Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine

Sung Ho Jang, Young Hyeon Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ho-Sung Nam, Cheong Hoon Seo, So-Young Joo, Dong Hyun Kim, Dong-Sik Park
The application of three-dimensional (3D) printing is growing explosively in the medical field, and is especially widespread in the clinical use of fabricating upper limb orthosis and prosthesis. Advantages of 3D-printed orthosis compared to conventional ones include its lower cost, easier modification, and faster fabrication. Hands are the most common body parts involved with burn victims and one of the main complications of hand burns are finger joint contractures. Applying orthotic devices such as finger splints are a well-established essential element of burn care...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Junho Shin, Gahee Park, Junhee Lee, Hasuk Bae
Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is safe and effective in wound healing, cellular growth, synthesis of extracellular matrix protein, and inflammation reduction via activation of adenosine A2 receptors. We report a 28-year-old male patient treated with PDRN injections for chronic non-healing wound refractory to negative pressure wound therapy, skin graft, or growth factors. Three injections of PDRN were administered at the wound site into the anterior and medial sides of the left stump on the 1st, 4th, and 9th days of hospitalization...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Young Jae Seo, Yong Sung Jeong, Hyo Sik Park, Shin Who Park, Ja Young Choi, Kang Jae Jung, Jong Youb Lim
Lymphedema is a common complication associated with cancer itself or with cancer treatment. Lymphedema infrequently occurs after drug therapy. Bee venom is one of the materials used in acupuncture, and it has been used in the treatment of a variety of inflammatory diseases including arthritis. We report a 74-year-old male patient with late-onset post-radiation lymphedema provoked by bee venom therapy. He was free of lymphedema for 5 years after the complete remission of prostate cancer which had been treated with transurethral resection and radiation therapy...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Hyojun Kim, Bum Sun Kwon, Jin-Woo Park, Ho Jun Lee, Jung Whan Lee, Eun Kyoung Lee, Tae June Park, Hee Jae Kim, Yongjin Cho, Taeyeon Kim, Kiyeun Nam
Posterior epidural migration of a lumbar intervertebral disc fragment (PEMLIF) is uncommon because of anatomical barriers. It is difficult to diagnose PEMLIF definitively because of its relatively rare incidence and the ambiguity of radiological findings resembling spinal tumors. This case report describes a 76-year-old man with sudden-onset weakness and pain in both legs. Electromyography revealed bilateral lumbosacral polyradiculopathy with a mass-like lesion in L2-3 dorsal epidural space on lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Dae Kwon Park, Ki Hyun Byun, Dongseok Yang
Injury to the thalamocortical tract (one in the Papez circuit) that leads to memory impairment following brain injury is very rare. In this study, we present a case of partial injury to the thalamocortical tract that causes memory impairment after concurrent thalamic and hippocampal infarct. A 20-year-old male complained of memory impairment 1 month after partial injury to the thalamocortical tract. Using a probabilistic diffusing tensor tractography, it was found that the right thalamocortical tract was thinner than the left thalamocortical tract...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ja Ryung Yang, Hee Seung Yang, Da Hyun Ahn, Dong Young Ahn, Woo Sob Sim, Hea-Eun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a difference in gait pattern when applying two different shapes of energy storing prosthetic feet for trainstibial amputation we conducted a comparative study. Energy storing prosthetic feet for transtibial amputation are increasing in use, but there are few studies that evaluate the effects of the shape of energy storing feet on gait patterns. METHODS: Ten unilateral transtibial amputees were recruited. Two different shapes of dynamic response feet were applied to each subject either 1C30 Trias or 1C60 Triton...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Seojin Song, Yeonji Yoo, Sun Jae Won, Hye Jung Park, Won Ihl Rhee
OBJECTIVE: To determine a diagnostic cut-off value for the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the radial nerve using ultrasonography for radial neuropathy located at the spiral groove (SG). METHODS: Seventeen patients with electrodiagnostic evidence of radial neuropathy at the SG and 30 healthy controls underwent ultrasonography of the radial nerve at the SG . The CSAs at the SG were compared in the patient and control groups. The CSA at the SG between the symptomatic and asymptomatic sides (ΔSx-Asx and Sx/Asx, respectively) were analyzed to obtain the optimal cut-off value...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ji Cheol Shin, Shin Hye Chang, Sang Won Hwang, Jae Joong Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of Korean patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), identify the predictors of undernutrition, and investigate the relationship between undernutrition and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study design was used to determine the nutritional status of 130 patients over 19 years old admitted to the rehabilitation hospital of Yonsei University Health System between June 2015 and February 2017. The nutritional status was assessed using the malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and the spinal nutrition screening tool (SNST)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yookyung Lee, Seung Yeun Kim, Keewon Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in the severity of cervical spinal stenosis (CSS) in flexion and extension and determine whether the rate of change with motion varied with severity. METHODS: The study included 92 symptomatic patients with a mean age of 57.80±10.41, who underwent cervical spine dynamic magnetic resonance imaging. The severity of stenosis was evaluated using a semi-quantitative CSS score, ranging from 0 (no spinal stenosis) to 18 (severe stenosis)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Min-Ho Park, Kyung-A Shin, Chul-Hyun Kim, Yoon-Hee Lee, Yongbum Park, Jaeki Ahn, Young-Joo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes of cardiac and muscle damage markers in exercise-induced hypertension (EIH) runners before running (pre-race), immediately after completing a 100-km ultramarathon race, and during the recovery period (24, 72, and 120 hours post-race). METHODS: In this observational study, volunteers were divided into EIH group (n=11) whose maximum systolic blood pressure was ≥210 mmHg in graded exercise testing and normal exercise blood pressure response (NEBPR) group (n=11)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Koki Abe, Kazuhide Inage, Keishi Yamashita, Masaomi Yamashita, Akiyoshi Yamamaoka, Masaki Norimoto, Yoshinori Nakata, Takeshi Mitsuka, Kaoru Suseki, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Tomotaka Umimura, Yawara Eguchi, Takeo Furuya, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
OBJECTIVE: To validate the relationship between residual walking ability and monthly care cost as well as long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification level in elderly patients after surgical treatment for hip fractures in Japan. METHODS: Elderly patients aged >75 years who underwent surgical treatment for hip fractures in our hospital were included. The preand post-surgical (6-month) walking ability and LTCI certification and the presence or absence of dementia was determined from medical records and questionnaires...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sang Jun Mo, Ho Joong Jeong, Yong Hyun Han, Kihun Hwang, Jong Kyoung Choi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of dysphagia using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS) with a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) in patients with acute cerebral infarctions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the baseline VFSS in 275 stroke patients was analyzed. We divided patients into 8 groups according to lesion areas commonly observed on brain magnetic resonance imaging. Dysphagia characteristics and severity were evaluated using the VDS...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ho-Jun Kwak, Lina Kim, Byung-Ju Ryu, Yun-Hee Kim, Seung-Wan Park, Dong-Gyu Cho, Cheol-Jae Lee, Kang-Wook Ha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a nasogastric tube (NGT) on swallowing simulated saliva in stroke patients. METHODS: Three groups of participants were enrolled into the study: group A (20 stroke patients with a NGT), a control group B (25 stroke patients without a NGT), and group C (25 healthy adults with no brain lesions or dysphagia). Participants swallowed 1 mL of water to simulate saliva. Patients in group A were tested twice: once with a NGT (group A1) and once after the NGT was removed (group A2)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yong Kyun Kim, Kyun Yeon Lee, Sang-Heon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a 4-week swallowing rehabilitation program combined with pyriform sinus ballooning in patients with post-stroke dysphagia (PSD). METHODS: We evaluated a total of 30 patients (n=30) with PSD who were admitted to our medical institution between May of 2014 and October of 2016. These patients were randomly assigned to either the trial group (n=15; a 20-minute conventional rehabilitation followed by a 10-minute pyriform sinus ballooning) or the control group (n=15; a 30-minute conventional rehabilitation)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Hee Jun Han, Ee Jin Kim, Hae Jin Lee, Sung Bom Pyun, Kyung Lim Joa, Han Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (K-CRSR) for evaluation of patients with a severe brain lesion. METHODS: With permission from Giacino, the developer of the Coma Recovery Scale Revised (CRSR), the scale was translated into Korean and back-translated into English by a Korean physiatrist highly proficient in English, and then verified by the original developer. Adult patients with a severe brain lesion following traumatic brain injury, stroke, or hypoxic brain injury were examined...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Won-Sep Kim, Hee-Joon Bae, Hyun-Haeng Lee, Hyung Ik Shin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the post-stroke rehabilitation status according to stroke severity using the database of the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. METHODS: The data of patients admitted to the neurology departments of 12 hospitals within 7 days of onset of ischemic stroke were collected. A total of 2,895 patients hospitalized between November 2010 and December 2011 were included. The patients were classified into three groups according to their initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores (mild, ≤5; moderate, >5 and ≤13; and severe, >13)...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joo Won Park, Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Jong Hwa Lee, Jin Gee Park, Sook Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hand training using low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) within the aftereffect period on hand function in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: The subacute stroke patients with hand weaknesses were divided randomly into two groups. Patients in the intervention group underwent hand training within the aftereffect period, that is, immediately after receiving low-frequency rTMS treatment. Patients in the control group underwent hand training 2 hours after the lowfrequency rTMS treatment...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Hyun Young Kim, Hyun Im Moon, You Hyeon Chae, Tae Im Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dose-related effect of trunk control training (TCT) using Trunk Stability Rehabilitation Robot Balance Trainer (TSRRBT) in chronic stroke patients with poor sitting balance. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 38 chronic stroke patients with poor sitting balance that underwent TCT with TSRRBT. The participants were assigned either to the low-dose training (LDT) group (n=18) or to the highdose training (HDT) group (n=20). In addition to the conventional rehabilitation therapy, the LDT group received 5 sessions of TSRRBT intervention per week, whereas the HDT group received 10 sessions of TSRRBT intervention per week...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ki Pi Yu, Yong-Soon Yoon, Jin Gyeong Lee, Ji Sun Oh, Jeong-Seog Lee, Taeyong Seog, Han-Young Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of electric cortical stimulation (ECS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on motor and cognitive function recovery and brain plasticity in focal traumatic brain injury (TBI) of rats model. METHODS: Forty rats were pre-trained to perform a single pellet reaching task (SPRT), rotarod test (RRT), and Y-maze test for 14 days, then a focal TBI was induced by a weight drop model on the motor cortex. All rats were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: anodal ECS (50 Hz and 194 μs) (ECS group), tDCS (0...
August 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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