journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric Obesity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027427/the-adiposity-of-children-is-associated-with-their-lifestyle-behaviours-a-cluster-analysis-of-school-aged-children-from-12-nations
#1
Dorothea Dumuid, T Olds, L K Lewis, J A Martin-Fernández, T Barreira, S Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, J Maia, V Matsudo, V O Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, P Zhao, P Katzmarzyk, F Gillison, C Maher
BACKGROUND: The relationship between children's adiposity and lifestyle behaviour patterns is an area of growing interest. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to identify clusters of children based on lifestyle behaviours and compare children's adiposity among clusters. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment were used. PARTICIPANTS: the participants were children (9-11 years) from 12 nations (n = 5710)...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008729/parental-and-child-genetic-contributions-to-obesity-traits-in-early-life-based-on-83-loci-validated-in-adults-the-family-study
#2
A Li, S Robiou-du-Pont, S S Anand, K M Morrison, S D McDonald, S A Atkinson, K K Teo, D Meyre
BACKGROUND: The genetic influence on child obesity has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the parental and child contributions of 83 adult body mass index (BMI)-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to obesity-related traits in children from birth to 5 years old. METHODS: A total of 1402 individuals were genotyped for 83 SNPs. An unweighted genetic risk score (GRS) was generated by the sum of BMI-increasing alleles...
December 23, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977909/television-food-advertising-viewed-by-preschoolers-children-and-adolescents-contributors-to-differences-in-exposure-for-black-and-white-youth-in-the-united-states
#3
F Fleming-Milici, J L Harris
BACKGROUND: Public health experts raise concerns about adolescents' and black youth's greater exposure to TV advertising for unhealthy foods and beverages compared with children and white youth. OBJECTIVES: Examine how television-viewing patterns and rates of advertising during targeted programming contribute to this greater exposure. METHODS: Nielsen panel data provided viewing times and amount of food advertising viewed on U.S. television in 2008 and 2012...
December 15, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933755/maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-downregulates-neonatal-cord-blood-lep-methylation
#4
R Kadakia, Y Zheng, Z Zhang, W Zhang, L Hou, J L Josefson
BACKGROUND: Neonatal adiposity has many determinants and may be a risk factor for future obesity. Epigenetic regulation of metabolically important genes is a potential contributor. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine whether methylation changes in the LEP gene in cord blood DNA are impacted by the maternal environment or affect neonatal adiposity measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 114 full-term neonates born to healthy mothers with normal glucose tolerance was performed...
December 8, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923101/secular-changes-in-physical-growth-and-obesity-among-southwestern-american-indian-children-over-four-decades
#5
P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923100/effects-of-air-pollution-exposure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-los-angeles-minority-children
#6
C M Toledo-Corral, T L Alderete, R Habre, K Berhane, F W Lurmann, M J Weigensberg, M I Goran, F D Gilliland
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence indicates that ambient (AAP: NO2 , PM2.5 and O3 ) and traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) contribute to metabolic disease risk in adults; however, few studies have examined these relationships in children. METHODS: Metabolic profiling was performed in 429 overweight and obese African-American and Latino youth living in urban Los Angeles, California. This cross-sectional study estimated individual residential air pollution exposure and used linear regression to examine relationships between air pollution and metabolic outcomes...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923099/cesarean-birth-is-not-associated-with-early-childhood-body-mass-index
#7
L G Smithers, B W Mol, L Jamieson, J W Lynch
Cesarean birth leads to a markedly different microbiome compared to vaginal birth, and the microbiome has been implicated in childhood obesity. Among mothers who had a previous cesarean, we compared anthropometry of 3- to 6-year-old children who were subsequently born by cesarean section versus vaginal birth. This large population-based study involved linking de-identified administrative perinatal and anthropometric data. Children's weight and height were collected at community-based clinics and converted to age- and sex-adjusted z-scores of height-for-age (HFAz), weight-for-age (WFAz) and BMI-for-age (BMIz)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900852/association-of-ultrasound-based-measures-of-fetal-body-composition-with-newborn-adiposity
#8
S Ikenoue, F Waffarn, K Sumiyoshi, M Ohashi, C Ikenoue, C Buss, D L Gillen, H N Simhan, S Entringer, P D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Newborns exhibit substantial variation in gestational age-adjusted and sex-adjusted fat mass proportion. The antecedent characteristics of fetal body composition that are associated with newborn fat mass proportion are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a composite measure of fetal fat mass is prospectively associated with newborn adiposity. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 109 low-risk pregnancies, fetal ultrasonography was performed at approximately 12, 20 and 30 weeks gestation...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900849/combined-use-of-a-wristband-and-a-smartphone-to-reduce-body-weight-in-obese-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
C Mameli, D Brunetti, V Colombo, G Bedogni, L Schneider, F Penagini, B Borsani, G V Zuccotti
BACKGROUND: Technological instruments may help control paediatric obesity. OBJECTIVE: We tested whether a personalized programme based on the energy expenditure obtained from a wristband (WB) and the energy intake obtained from a smartphone application (APP) is superior to a standard approach at promoting weight loss. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial in obese children aged 10-17 years. The experimental (EXP) and control (CTR) groups were given a low-energy diet and a prescription for physical activity...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900848/shapecoder-a-new-method-for-visual-quantification-of-body-mass-index-in-young-children
#10
B-K Daniel Park, M P Reed, N Kaciroti, M Love, A L Miller, D P Appugliese, J C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Few tools exist to quantify body mass index visually. OBJECTIVE: To examine the inter-rater reliability and validity (sensitivity and specificity for overweight/obesity and obesity) of a three-dimensional visual rating system to quantify body mass index (BMI) in young children. METHODS: Children (n = 242, mean age 5.9 years, 50.0% male; 40.5% overweight/ obese) participated in a videotaped protocol and weight and height were measured...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884050/taking-the-sweetness-out-of-the-share-a-coke-marketing-campaign-the-influence-of-personalized-labelling-on-elementary-school-children-s-bottled-drink-choices
#11
F McDarby, D O'Hora, D O'Shea, M Byrne
BACKGROUND: Drink personalization (featuring names on bottle labels) has been used by soft drink companies to make their drinks attractive to children, potentially increasing consumption. To date, no publically available research has evaluated the influence of personalization on children's drink choices. OBJECTIVES: To determine (i) whether personalizing bottled drinks influences children's drink choices; (ii) whether it is comparably effective in promoting healthy and unhealthy drinks and (iii) whether drink choices are affected by self-esteem, body mass index and parental factors...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884047/childhood-obesity-prevention-cluster-randomized-trial-for-hispanic-families-outcomes-of-the-healthy-families-study
#12
P C Hull, M Buchowski, J R Canedo, B M Beech, L Du, T Koyama, R Zoorob
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is disproportionately high among Hispanic children. OBJECTIVES: The Healthy Families Study assessed the efficacy of a culturally targeted, family-based weight gain prevention intervention for Hispanic immigrant families with children ages 5-7 years. METHODS: The study used a two-group, cluster randomized trial design, assigning 136 families (clusters) to the active intervention (weight gain prevention) and 136 families to attention control (oral health)...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860465/relationship-of-pressure-to-be-thin-with-gains-in-body-weight-and-fat-mass-in-adolescents
#13
C S Suelter, N Schvey, N R Kelly, M Shanks, K A Thompson, R Mehari, S Brady, S Z Yanovski, C L Melby, M Tanofsky-Kraff, J A Yanovski, L B Shomaker
BACKGROUND: Sociocultural pressure to be thin is commonly reported by adolescents; yet, to what extent such pressure is associated with weight gain has not been evaluated longitudinally. OBJECTIVE: Examine whether pressure to be thin was positively associated with weight and fat gain in adolescents. METHODS: Participants were 196 healthy adolescent (age 15 ± 1 years old) girls (65%) and boys of varying weights (BMI 25 ± 7 kg/m(2) ) studied at baseline and 1-year follow-up...
November 16, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863167/influence-of-maternal-physical-activity-on-infant-s-body-composition
#14
M Bisson, F Tremblay, O St-Onge, J Robitaille, E Pronovost, D Simonyan, I Marc
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy might contribute to reduce neonatal adiposity, a predictor of metabolic disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between maternal PA intensity and neonatal body composition. METHODS: Maternal PA measured by accelerometry and nutrition were documented during pregnancy, as well as neonatal body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry following delivery...
November 14, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863185/parental-reactions-to-weight-screening-in-young-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
A M Dawson, D A Brown, S M Williams, B J Taylor, J Ross, R W Taylor
BACKGROUND: Parental inability to recognize child overweight and physician reluctance to instigate discussion prevents behaviour change. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate parental acceptance of child overweight status following screening. METHODS: Interviewers used motivational interviewing or best practice care to discuss overweight status of 271 young children (BMI ≥ 85(th) ) with parents using simple traffic-light BMI charts. Follow-up sessions two weeks later (n = 251, 93%) were coded qualitatively to assess parental reactions to the information (overweight diagnosis) and how it was presented (feedback condition)...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863165/a-brief-ehealth-tool-delivered-in-primary-care-to-help-parents-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
J L S Byrne, T Cameron Wild, K Maximova, N E Browne, N L Holt, A J Cave, P Martz, C Ellendt, G D C Ball
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and preliminary impact of an electronic health (eHealth) screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) delivered in primary care to help parents prevent childhood obesity. METHODS: Parents of children (5-17 years) were recruited from a primary care clinic. Children's measured height and weight were entered into the SBIRT on a study-designated tablet. The SBIRT screened for children's weight status, block randomized parents to one of four brief interventions or an eHealth control and provided parents with a menu of optional obesity prevention resources...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863153/the-relationship-between-breast-milk-leptin-and-adiponectin-with-child-body-composition-from-3-to-5%C3%A2-years-a-follow-up-study
#17
D M Meyer, C Brei, L Stecher, D Much, S Brunner, H Hauner
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that breast milk contains bioactive components that influence metabolism in infancy and may play a role in the prevention of obesity in early childhood. In our initial study, 147 breastfeeding mother/child pairs were followed from birth to 2 years of age to examine the relationship between breast milk leptin and total adiponectin (collected at 6 weeks and 4 months postpartum) and infant body composition. Higher breast milk total adiponectin was related to greater fat mass and weight gain in children at 1 and 2 years of age, whereas leptin showed no association...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863129/mechanisms-of-obesity-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
M J Khan, K Gerasimidis, C A Edwards, M G Shaikh
Obesity is the most common cause of metabolic complications and poor quality of life in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Hyperphagia and obesity develop after an initial phase of poor feeding and failure to thrive. Several mechanisms for the aetiology of obesity in PWS are proposed, which include disruption in hypothalamic pathways of satiety control resulting in hyperphagia, aberration in hormones regulating food intake, reduced energy expenditure because of hypotonia and altered behaviour with features of autism spectrum disorder...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793067/the-association-between-dog-ownership-or-dog-walking-and-fitness-or-weight-status-in-childhood
#19
C Westgarth, L M Boddy, G Stratton, A J German, R M Gaskell, K P Coyne, P Bundred, S McCune, S Dawson
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of dog walking are established in adults: dog owners are on average more physically active, and those walking their dogs regularly have lower weight status than those who do not. However, there has been little research on children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between dog ownership or dog walking and childhood fitness or weight status. METHODS: A survey of pet ownership and involvement in dog walking was combined with fitness and weight status measurements of 1021 9 to 10-year-old children in the Liverpool SportsLinx study...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788560/increased-brain-cortical-thickness-associated-with-visceral-fat-in-adolescents
#20
R L Saute, R B Soder, J O Alves Filho, M Baldisserotto, A R Franco
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing amount of evidence indicating that excess visceral fat is associated with alterations in brain structure and function, including brain cortical thinning in adults. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the relationship between brain cortical thickness with obesity assessments, in adolescents. METHODS: In this study, we measured three different obesity assessments within an adolescent population (aged 15 - 18 years): body mass index (BMI), visceral fat ratio measured with an MRI and hepatorenal gradient measured with an ultrasound...
October 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
journal
journal
43814
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"