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International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149829/the-importance-of-chest-x-ray-during-nasogastric-tube-insertion
#1
Mahir Gachabayov, Kubach Kubachev, Dmitriy Neronov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149828/clinically-providing-psycho-social-care-for-caregivers-in-emergency-and-trauma-care-setting-scope-for-medical-and-psychiatric-social-workers
#2
Birudu Raju, Suresh Lukose, Prabu Raj, Krishna Reddy
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in young people. TBI is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and socioeconomic loss, especially in developing countries such as India. It is creating damage to the psychosocial well-being of caregiver and their family members significantly. Caregivers' informational, educational, psychosocial problems are still overlooked and unaddressed. Providing psychosocial interventions such as educating caregivers about TBI-related consequences, increasing social support, mobilization of resources for the needy, and dealing with psychological stress will be beneficial to reduce the caregiver burden...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149827/a-case-of-rapid-progression-of-postoperative-hyperthermia-dantrolene-or-not-dilemma
#3
Marzieh R Honardar, Jesus Rubio, Sanjay M Bhananker
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an extremely rare and life-threatening differential diagnosis of postoperative fever. We present an 8-month-old child scheduled for elective outpatient procedure who rapidly developed high fever, tachycardia, and respiratory acidosis shortly after transfer to the postanesthesia care unit. MH hotline expert recommended administering dantrolene, but there was no evidence of hypermetabolism or lactic acidosis. The patient remained clinically stable after admission to the pediatric intensive care unit and was discharged home the next day...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149826/firearm-injury-in-a-child-an-uncommon-case-of-penile-trauma
#4
Mustafa Erman Dorterler, Mehmet Emin Boleken
Genitourinary system injuries generally occur due to blunt and penetrating trauma. Approximately 10% of all injuries encountered in the emergency department are related to the genitourinary system. Male genital trauma is a urological emergency because of the high risk of infection and the priority of protecting the sexual, endocrine, and reproductive functions. Blunt injuries to the penis are more often seen due to the mobility and localization of the penis than due to penetrating injuries caused by firearms or cutting instruments...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149825/correlations-between-pulmonary-artery-pressures-and-inferior-vena-cava-collapsibility-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-an-exploratory-study
#5
Stanislaw P Stawicki, Thomas J Papadimos, David P Bahner, David C Evans, Christian Jones
INTRODUCTION: As pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) use declines, search continues for reliable and readily accessible minimally invasive hemodynamic monitoring alternatives. Although the correlation between inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC-CI) and central venous pressures (CVP) has been described previously, little information exists regarding the relationship between IVC-CI and pulmonary artery pressures (PAPs). The goal of this study is to bridge this important knowledge gap...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149824/early-high-ratio-platelet-transfusion-in-trauma-resuscitation-and-its-outcomes
#6
Ruben Peralta, Adarsh Vijay, Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Ibrahim Afifi, Ismail Mahmood, Mohammed Asim, Rifat Latifi, Hassan Al-Thani
INTRODUCTION: The optimal ratio of platelets (PLTs) to packed red blood cell (PRBC) in trauma patients requiring massive transfusion protocol (MTP) is still controversial. This report aims to describe the effect of attaining a high PLT:PRBC ratio (≥1:1.5) within 4 h postinjury on the outcomes of trauma patients receiving MTP. METHODS: Over a 24-month period, records of all adult patients with traumatic injury who received MTP were retrospectively reviewed. Data were analyzed with respect to PLT:PRBC ratio ([high-MTP ≥1:1...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149823/effect-of-training-problem-solving-skill-on-decision-making-and-critical-thinking-of-personnel-at-medical-emergencies
#7
Mohammad Heidari, Sara Shahbazi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of problem-solving training on decision-making skill and critical thinking in emergency medical personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is an experimental study that performed in 95 emergency medical personnel in two groups of control (48) and experimental (47). Then, a short problem-solving course based on 8 sessions of 2 h during the term, was performed for the experimental group. Of data gathering was used demographic and researcher made decision-making and California critical thinking skills questionnaires...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149822/a-profile-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-patients-with-sepsis-in-an-intensive-care-unit-setting
#8
Kartik Ganesh, R N Sharma, Jaicob Varghese, M G K Pillai
CONTEXT: Metabolic acidosis is frequently found in patients with severe sepsis. An understanding of types of acidosis in sepsis and their evolution over the course of treatment may give us insight into the behavior of acid-base balance in these patients. AIMS: To describe at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission and over the first 5 days the composition of metabolic acidosis in patients with sepsis and to evaluate and compare acidosis patterns in survivors and nonsurvivors...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149821/usefulness-of-full-outline-of-unresponsiveness-score-to-predict-extubation-failure-in-intubated-critically-ill-patients-a-pilot-study
#9
Tarek Said, Anis Chaari, Karim Abdel Hakim, Dalia Hamama, William Francis Casey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the full outline of unresponsiveness (FOUR) score in predicting extubation failure in critically ill intubated patients admitted with disturbed level of conscious in comparison with the Glasgow coma scale (GCS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All intubated critically ill patients with a disturbed level of consciousness were assessed using both the FOUR score and the GCS. The FOUR score and the GCS were compared regarding their predictive value for successful extubation at 14 days after intubation as a primary outcome measure...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149820/comparison-of-the-hemostatic-effects-of-oxidized-cellulose-and-calcium-alginate-in-an-experimental-animal-model-of-hepatic-parenchymal-bleeding
#10
Mustafa Erman Dorterler, Harun Resit Ayangil, Cüneyt Turan, Kemal Deniz
BACKGROUND: Despite all recent developments, bleeding is still one of the main causes of increasing morbidity and mortality following both trauma and elective hepatic surgery. The main goal of treatment is stop the bleeding immediately. In this study, the hemostatic and histopathological effects of Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS), oxidized cellulose (OC), and calcium alginate (CA) were compared in an experimental liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups of ten animals each, receiving 0...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149819/the-importance-of-identifying-patients-at-risk-of-dexmedetomidine-associated-hypotension
#11
Bethany Malone, Michael S Firstenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149818/what-s-new-in-critical-illness-and-injury-science-extubation-failure-predictors-for-2016
#12
EDITORIAL
Hassen Ben-Ghezala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149817/what-s-new-in-critical-illness-and-injury-science-coagulants-for-local-application-in-the-surgical-armamentarium
#13
EDITORIAL
Shilpa Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722120/bronchial-nasoenteric-tube-misplacement-effective-prevention-prompt-recognition-and-patient-safety-considerations
#14
Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lena Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722119/severe-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-requiring-intensive-care-unit-admission-evaluation-of-severity-score-for-the-prediction-of-morbidity-and-mortality
#15
Ali Majdoub, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounaa Ouaz, Kamilia Chtara, Yassine Msakni, Kais Regaieg, Mounir Bouaziz, Bechir Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722118/a-case-of-a-pseudo-colonic-mass-causing-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-a-left-ventricular-assist-device
#16
Justin T Huntington, Robert L Plews, Sara A Mansfield, Joseph M Drosdeck, David C Evans
There are many complications associated with the left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), including gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). We present a case of a pseudo colonic mass visualized on colonoscopy during workup for GIB in an LVAD patient necessitating a right colectomy with final pathology negative for malignancy. A review of the literature in regards to the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this interesting condition is included.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722117/controlling-hemorrhage-in-exsanguinating-pelvic-fractures-utility-of-extraperitoneal-pelvic-packing-as-a-damage-control-procedure
#17
Jeremy Ming Hsu, Shilpi Yadev, Shadi Faraj
INTRODUCTION: Exsanguinating pelvic fractures are still associated with a significant mortality rate of 28-60%. Extraperitoneal pelvic packing (EPP) has been proposed as an optimal method of early haemorrhage control. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of EPP compared with angioembolization as a primary intervention for patients with exsanguinating pelvic fracture. METHOD: A prospective observational trial was performed at Westmead Hospital between September 2011 and May 2014...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722116/early-and-late-intramedullary-nailing-of-femur-fracture-a-single-center-experience
#18
Ahmad S Alobaidi, Ammar Al-Hassani, Ayman El-Menyar, Husham Abdelrahman, Mazin Tuma, Hassan Al-Thani, Mohammed A Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Femur fracture (FF) is a common injury, and intramedullary nailing (IMN) is the standard surgical fixation. However, the time of intervention remains controversial. We aimed to describe the reamed IMN (rIMN) timing and hospital outcomes in trauma patients presenting with FF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients admitted with FF and they underwent fixation at level 1 trauma unit between January 2010 and January 2012...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722115/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-acute-lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-at-a-major-trauma-hospital
#19
Loreto Lollo, Andreas Grabinsky
BACKGROUND: Acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (CS) is a condition that untreated causes irreversible nerve and muscle ischemia. Treatment by decompression fasciotomy without delay prevents permanent disability. The use of intracompartmental pressure (iCP) measurement in uncertain situations aids in diagnosis of severe leg pain. As an infrequent complication of lower extremity trauma, consequences of CS include chronic pain, nerve injury, and contractures. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical and functional outcomes for patients with lower extremity CS after fasciotomy...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722114/predicting-outcome-in-traumatic-brain-injury-sharing-experience-of-pilot-traumatic-brain-injury-registry
#20
Ranabir Pal, Ashok Munivenkatappa, Amit Agrawal, Geetha R Menon, Sagar Galwankar, P Rama Mohan, S Satish Kumar, B V Subrahmanyam
BACKGROUND: A reliable prediction of outcome for the victims of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on admission is possible from concurrent data analysis from any systematic real-time registry. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical relevance of the findings from our TBI registry to develop prognostic futuristic models with readily available traditional and novel predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data using predesigned pro forma were analyzed from the first phase of a trauma registry from a South Indian Trauma Centre, compatible with computerized management system at electronic data entry and web data entry interface on demographics, clinical, management, and discharge status...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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