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International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722120/bronchial-nasoenteric-tube-misplacement-effective-prevention-prompt-recognition-and-patient-safety-considerations
#1
Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lena Deb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722119/severe-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-requiring-intensive-care-unit-admission-evaluation-of-severity-score-for-the-prediction-of-morbidity-and-mortality
#2
Ali Majdoub, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounaa Ouaz, Kamilia Chtara, Yassine Msakni, Kais Regaieg, Mounir Bouaziz, Bechir Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722118/a-case-of-a-pseudo-colonic-mass-causing-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-a-left-ventricular-assist-device
#3
Justin T Huntington, Robert L Plews, Sara A Mansfield, Joseph M Drosdeck, David C Evans
There are many complications associated with the left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), including gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). We present a case of a pseudo colonic mass visualized on colonoscopy during workup for GIB in an LVAD patient necessitating a right colectomy with final pathology negative for malignancy. A review of the literature in regards to the pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of this interesting condition is included.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722117/controlling-hemorrhage-in-exsanguinating-pelvic-fractures-utility-of-extraperitoneal-pelvic-packing-as-a-damage-control-procedure
#4
Jeremy Ming Hsu, Shilpi Yadev, Shadi Faraj
INTRODUCTION: Exsanguinating pelvic fractures are still associated with a significant mortality rate of 28-60%. Extraperitoneal pelvic packing (EPP) has been proposed as an optimal method of early haemorrhage control. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of EPP compared with angioembolization as a primary intervention for patients with exsanguinating pelvic fracture. METHOD: A prospective observational trial was performed at Westmead Hospital between September 2011 and May 2014...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722116/early-and-late-intramedullary-nailing-of-femur-fracture-a-single-center-experience
#5
Ahmad S Alobaidi, Ammar Al-Hassani, Ayman El-Menyar, Husham Abdelrahman, Mazin Tuma, Hassan Al-Thani, Mohammed A Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Femur fracture (FF) is a common injury, and intramedullary nailing (IMN) is the standard surgical fixation. However, the time of intervention remains controversial. We aimed to describe the reamed IMN (rIMN) timing and hospital outcomes in trauma patients presenting with FF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients admitted with FF and they underwent fixation at level 1 trauma unit between January 2010 and January 2012...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722115/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-acute-lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-at-a-major-trauma-hospital
#6
Loreto Lollo, Andreas Grabinsky
BACKGROUND: Acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (CS) is a condition that untreated causes irreversible nerve and muscle ischemia. Treatment by decompression fasciotomy without delay prevents permanent disability. The use of intracompartmental pressure (iCP) measurement in uncertain situations aids in diagnosis of severe leg pain. As an infrequent complication of lower extremity trauma, consequences of CS include chronic pain, nerve injury, and contractures. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical and functional outcomes for patients with lower extremity CS after fasciotomy...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722114/predicting-outcome-in-traumatic-brain-injury-sharing-experience-of-pilot-traumatic-brain-injury-registry
#7
Ranabir Pal, Ashok Munivenkatappa, Amit Agrawal, Geetha R Menon, Sagar Galwankar, P Rama Mohan, S Satish Kumar, B V Subrahmanyam
BACKGROUND: A reliable prediction of outcome for the victims of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on admission is possible from concurrent data analysis from any systematic real-time registry. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical relevance of the findings from our TBI registry to develop prognostic futuristic models with readily available traditional and novel predictors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data using predesigned pro forma were analyzed from the first phase of a trauma registry from a South Indian Trauma Centre, compatible with computerized management system at electronic data entry and web data entry interface on demographics, clinical, management, and discharge status...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722113/bone-marrow-hematopoietic-stem-cells-behavior-with-or-without-growth-factors-in-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock
#8
Manoj Kumar, Sanjeev Bhoi, Sujata Mohanty, Vineet Kumar Kamal, D N Rao, Pravas Mishra, Sagar Galwankar
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is the major leading cause of death after trauma. Up to 50% of early deaths are due to massive hemorrhage. Excessive release of pro-inflammatory cytokine and hypercatecholamine induces hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) apoptosis, leading to multiorgan failure and death. However, still, result remains elusive for hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) behavior in trauma HS (T/HS). OBJECTIVES: Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the in vitro HSCs behavior with or without recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO), recombinant human granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF), recombinant human interleukin-3 (rhIL-3) alone, and combination with rhEPO + rhGM-CSF + rhIL-3 (EG3) in T/HS patients...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722112/mass-awareness-regarding-snake-bite-induced-early-morning-neuroparalysis-can-prevent-many-deaths-in-north-india
#9
Rupinder Sharma, Varundeep Dogra, Gurudutt Sharma, Vivek Chauhan
INTRODUCTION: In North India snake bite deaths are predominantly seen with neurotoxic envenomations (NEs) whereas in South India the hemotoxic envenomation (HE) is more common. Krait is responsible for most deaths in North India. It bites people sleeping on the floors, mostly at night. We describe the profile of venomous snake bites over 1 year in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a rural tertiary care hospital in North India. Demographics, circumstances of bite, envenomation, first aid, delay, consultation, treatment, anti-venom, and outcomes were recorded for all victims of snake bite...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722111/predictors-of-dexmedetomidine-associated-hypotension-in-critically-ill-patients
#10
Anthony T Gerlach, Danielle M Blais, G Morgan Jones, Pamela K Burcham, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Charles H Cook, Claire V Murphy
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine is commonly used for sedation in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and its use may be associated with hypotension. We sought to determine predictors of dexmedetomidine-associated hypotension. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center study of 283 ICU patients in four adults ICUs over a 12 month period. Univariate analyses were performed to determine factors associated with dexmedetomidine-related hypotension. Risk factors significant at the 0...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722110/the-epidemiology-and-outcome-of-critical-illness-in-mongolia-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#11
Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Tsolmon Begzjav, Ganbold Lundeg, Martin W Dünser
CONTEXT: The epidemiology and outcome of critical illness in Mongolia remain undefined. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcome of critical illness in Mongolia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study including 19 Mongolian centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and outcome data of patients >15 years admitted to the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) were collected during a 6-month period...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722109/effect-of-tracheostomy-tube-on-work-of-breathing-comparison-of-pre-and-post-decannulation
#12
Darío Villalba, Viviana Feld, Valeria Leiva, Mariana Scrigna, Eduardo Distéfano, Romina Pratto, Matías Rodriguez, Jesica Collins, Ana Rocco, Amelia Matesa, Damián Rossi, Laura Areas, Sacha Virgilio, Nicolás Golfarini, Gregorio Gil-Rosetti, Pablo Diaz-Ballve, Fernando Planells
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the work of breathing (WOB) during spontaneous breathing under four conditions: (1) breathing through a tracheostomy tube with an inflated cuff, (2) breathing through the upper airway (UA) with a deflated cuff and occluded tube, (3) breathing through the UA with an occluded cuffless tube, and (4) postdecannulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who tolerated an occluded cuffless tube were included. Ventilatory variables and esophageal pressure were recorded...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722108/what-s-new-in-critical-illness-and-injury-science-important-considerations-for-work-of-breathing-during-tracheostomy-weaning-and-decannulation
#13
Ryan P Dumas, Niels D Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308259/the-instance-when-a-general-surgeon-lost-heart-isolated-blunt-traumatic-rupture-of-both-atria-and-pericardium
#14
Mahir Gachabayov, Dmitriy Neronov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308258/when-the-picture-is-fragmented-vitamin-b12-deficiency-masquerading-as-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#15
Tanmay S Panchabhai, Pradnya D Patil, Elizabeth C Riley, Charlene K Mitchell
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) has high mortality and necessitates prompt recognition of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and initiation of plasmapheresis. We present a challenging diagnostic workup and management of a 42-year-old man who presented with anemia, thrombocytopenia, and schistocytes on peripheral smear, all pointing to MAHA. Plasmapheresis and steroid therapy were promptly initiated, but hemolysis continued. Further workup showed megaloblastic anemia, severe Vitamin B12 deficiency, high iron saturation, and absent reticulocytosis, none of which could be explained by TTP...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308257/nephrotic-syndrome-induced-thromboembolism-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
Hasan F Al-Azzawi, Onyekachi C Obi, Javeryah Safi, Mingchen Song
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a well-defined syndrome characterized by the presence of nephrotic range of proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and hyperlipidemia. Although venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-reported complication associated with NS, the incidence, prevalence, risk factors, treatment options, and preventative strategies are not well-established. Thromboembolic phenomena in nephrotic patients are postulated to be a result of the urinary loss of antithrombotic factors by affected kidneys and increased production of prothrombotic factors by the liver...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308256/a-comparison-of-ketamine-versus-etomidate-for-procedural-sedation-for-the-reduction-of-large-joint-dislocations
#17
Philip Salen, Michelle Grossman, Michael Grossman, Anthony Milazzo, Jill Stoltzfus
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Ketamine and etomidate are used for procedural sedation (PS) to facilitate the performance of painful procedures. We hypothesized that ketamine produces adequate and comparable sedation conditions for dislocated large joint reduction when compared to etomidate and results in fewer adverse events. METHODS: This Institutional Review Board approved prospective trial compared a convenience sample of subjects, who were randomized to receive either ketamine or etomidate for PS to facilitate reduction of large joint dislocations...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308255/predicting-and-analyzing-the-trend-of-traffic-accidents-deaths-in-iran-in-2014-and-2015
#18
Mohammadreza Mehmandar, Hamid Soori, Yadolah Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: Predicting the trend in traffic accidents deaths and its analysis can be a useful tool for planning and policy-making, conducting interventions appropriate with death trend, and taking the necessary actions required for controlling and preventing future occurrences. OBJECTIVE: Predicting and analyzing the trend of traffic accidents deaths in Iran in 2014 and 2015. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the information related to fatal traffic accidents available in the database of Iran Legal Medicine Organization from 2004 to the end of 2013 were used to determine the change points (multi-variable time series analysis)...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308254/traumatic-brain-injury-does-gender-influence-outcomes
#19
Ashok Munivenkatappa, Amit Agrawal, Dhaval P Shukla, Deepika Kumaraswamy, Bhagavatula Indira Devi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem. Both genders are affected, but little is known about female TBI. The present study exclusively explores epidemiological, clinical, imaging, and death aspects of female TBI, and how it differs from males. METHODS: It is a retrospective study. Data were documented from a tertiary institute during January 2010 to March 2010. All variables were documented on standard proforma. The data were analyzed using R statistics software...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308253/traumatic-brain-injury-related-research-in-india-an-overview-of-published-literature
#20
Amit Agrawal, Ashok Munivenkatappa, Dhaval P Shukla, Geetha R Menon, Rajesh Alogolu, Sagar Galwankar, Saginela Satish Kumar, Pathapati Rama Momhan, Ranabir Pal, Neeti Rustagi
AIM: This paper provides an overview of publications by Indian researchers on traumatic brain injury between 1966 and 2014, to set up a platform for evaluating and synthesizing the results and findings from brain injury research in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All published articles from India related to brain injury since 1966 to 2014 were retrieved from PubMed using the search for ("craniocerebral trauma"[MeSH Terms] OR ("craniocerebral"[All Fields] AND "trauma"[All Fields]) OR "craniocerebral trauma"[All Fields] OR ("head"[All Fields] AND "injury"[All Fields]) OR "head injury"[All Fields]) AND ("India"[MeSH Terms] OR "India"[All Fields]) A data base for variables like study type/category, year of publication, place of study institutes and departments to which the corresponding author belonged or where the study was conducted and the journal of publication was developed in FileMaker Pro 13 Advanced(®) software...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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