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Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine

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[This retracts the article on p. 199 in vol. 3, PMID: 23225987.].
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Ramalingam Peraman, Subramani Parasuraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Shantibhusan Senapati, Sujit Suklabaidya, Hrudananda Mallik, Sabyasachi Panda, Datteswar Hota, Manas R Baisakh
We report a very rare case of urinary bladder stone in a laboratory rat, which was associated with severe prostatitis and seminal vesiculitis. Importantly, the histopathological analysis revealed the rare variety of keratinizing desquamative squamous metaplasia of bladder, prostate, and seminal vesicle epithelium. Immunohistochemistry for alpha smooth muscle actin protein and aniline blue staining for collagen clearly showed interstitial prostate fibrosis. The detail information about these findings and subsequent discussion are provided here...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Neha S Dhariwal, Niraj S Gokhale, Punit Patel, Shivayogi M Hugar
A traumatic injury to primary maxillary anterior tooth is one of the common causes for problems with the succedaneous tooth leading to it noneruption. A missing anterior tooth can be psychologically and socially damaging to the patient. Despite a wide range of treatment options available, sometimes, it is inevitable to save the natural tooth. This paper describes the immediate replacement of a right central incisor using a fiber-composite resin splint with the natural tooth crown as a pontic following surgical extraction of the dilacerated impacted permanent maxillary central incisor...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Nizar Ahmed, Lalitha Tanjore Arunachalam, Caroline Annette Jacob, Suresh Anand Kumar
Knowledge of various anatomic landmarks is pivotal for important success. Bifid canals pose a challenge and can lead to difficulties while performing implant surgery in the mandible. Bifid canals can be diagnosed with panoramic radiography and more accurately with cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT). This case report details the placement of the implant in a patient with bilateral bifid canal and compromised interocclusal space, which was successfully treated using CBCT.
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Sreyashi Sen, Sourav Chatterjee, Pinaki Mazumder, Sudakshina Mukherji
Rheumatic heart disease is the most common cardiac disease complicating pregnancy in developing countries. Heart disease accounts for 15% pregnancy-related mortality. In the presence of maternal heart disease, the circulatory changes of pregnancy may result in exacerbation of the hemodynamic perturbations due to complex cardiac valvular lesions leading to decompensation or death of mother or fetus. Determining the ideal anesthetic technique for cesarean section in the presence of complex cardiac conditions remains a much debated topic...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Hamed Ebrahimzadeh Leylabadlo, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mehdi Yousefi, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Asgharzadeh
Organ transplant recipients under immunosuppressive therapy have a highly increased risk of acquiring unusual opportunistic infections. Diagnosis of the etiology of infection may be difficult in clinical manifestations, which need further histological and biological investigations. Here in we report, for the 1(st) time in the Iran, a Morganella morganii isolate harboring blaVIM, blaCTX-M, and blaSHV genes after kidney transplantation with persistent urinary infections.
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Dwarakaprasad Ramesh, Huliyurdurga Srinivasasetty Natraj Setty, Kumarswamy, Sunil Kumar, Jayanth, Cholenahalli Nanjappa Manjunath
Acute massive pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening emergency that must be promptly diagnosed and managed. Over the last several years, the use of computed tomography scanning has improved the clinician's ability to diagnose acute pulmonary embolism. We report two cases of acute massive pulmonary embolism who presented with sudden onset of dyspnea and underwent successful open pulmonary embolectomy. The first case presented with acute onset of dyspnea of 2 days duration, in view of hemodynamic deterioration and two-dimensional echocardiography, it revealed clot in right ventricular (RV) apex and right pulmonary artery; the patient underwent cardiopulmonary bypass and open pulmonary embolectomy with RV clot extraction...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Nikolaos S Salemis, Georgios Nakos, Ilias Katikaridis, Andreas Zografidis
Appendiceal mucocele (AM) is a rare clinical entity comprising 8% of all appendiceal tumors, and it is seen in 0.2-0.3% of all appendectomy specimens. Apart from sporadic cases, there are no enough published data about the incidence of synchronous appendiceal tumors in patients with colorectal cancer. We describe a very rare case of synchronous occurrence of AM, colon adenocarcinoma, and tubulovillous adenoma of the rectum and review the relevant literature. We conclude that thorough preoperative and perioperative evaluations are mandatory in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer to exclude a synchronous colon or an appendiceal primary tumor...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Nitin Joseph, Aditya G R Reddy, Divya Joy, Vishakha Patel, Pooja Santhosh, Shatarupa Das, Siddharth K Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) constitutes most cases of endocrine disorder among females. OBJECTIVES: This study was done to assess the proportion of university students with PCOS and to study its risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from students of a private medical, dental, and nursing college using a self-administered questionnaire. Height and weight of all participants were recorded by standard procedures...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
C A Jayashankar, Henley Punnen Andrews, Vijayasarathi, Venkata BharatKumar Pinnelli, Basappaji Shashidharan, H N Nithin Kumar, Swaapnika Vemulapalli
AIM: We aimed to identify the predictors of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). METHODS: About fifty Asian Indian patients with type 2 DM patients aged >40 years and fifty sex- and age-matched nondiabetic controls were enrolled for this study. Following complete medical history and baseline clinical data, laboratory investigations were performed to assess fasting and postprandial plasma glucose levels, lipid profile, blood urea, serum creatinine, and serum uric acid levels...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Venkatashiva B Reddy, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Chandrakant S Pandav, Anil Kumar Goswami, Anand Krishnan
INTRODUCTION: Over a period, tribal population has migrated to cities in search of livelihood. Data on various health problems of the tribes are sparse. Sugalis constitute the third largest tribe in Andhra Pradesh and have settlements in urban areas. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of malnutrition, diarrhea, and acute respiratory infections (ARI) among under-five children of Sugali tribe living in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh state in South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four community blocks/mandals in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Shweta S Hugar, Suvarna Patil, Renuka Metgud, Basavraj Nanjwade, Shivayogi M Hugar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the most common therapy for periodontal diseases consists of professional scaling and root planing (SRP). However, it was found to be of limited efficacy especially in areas which are inaccessible to periodontal instrumentation. Therefore, treatment strategies using antimicrobials in conjunction with conventional therapy have evolved. Thus, the study was undertaken with an. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of application of chlorhexidine gel and curcumin gel as an adjunct to SRP...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Ritesh Kumar, Aman Goyal, Biswa Mohan Padhy, Yogendra Kumar Gupta
AIM: Self-medication is widely practiced with varying dimensions in India. This practice has many implications, especially among medical and paramedical students having some knowledge and good exposure to drugs. We conducted a two-period observational study to evaluate the change in knowledge and practice of self-medication, over 5 years of time period, among medical and paramedical students from different parts of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered to medical (MBBS), dental (BDS), and paramedical students, who come to attend pan India annual cultural, literary, and sports event at New Delhi...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Sudarshan Munigangaiah, Sinead O'Dwyer, Eric Masterson
BACKGROUND: Performing successful total hip replacement (THR) in dysplastic, subluxed, and dislocated hip is a challenging task. Here, we assessed midterm clinical and radiological outcomes of uncemented total hip arthroplasty in osteoarthritis (OA) of hip secondary to Hartofilakidis low and high-dislocated hips with a mean follow-up of 8.8 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of prospectively collected data was designed involving all consecutive patients who underwent uncemented THR for OA of hip secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip and Grade II or Grade III Hartofilakidis classification...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Mallayya C Hiremath, Pooja Srivastava
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare four methods of root canal obturation in primary teeth using conventional radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 root canals of primary molars were prepared and obturated with zinc oxide eugenol. Obturation methods compared were endodontic pressure syringe, insulin syringe, jiffy tube, and local anesthetic syringe. The root canal obturations were evaluated by conventional radiography for the length of obturation and presence of voids...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Niraj Gokhale, Sivakumar Nuvvula
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the contemporary scenario of both parents employed, there seems to be limited focus on the dietary habits and dental health of their children. Hence, we attempted to correlate the socioeconomic and working status of the parents to the incidence of their children's dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand school children aged between 3 and 12 years were enrolled in the study. Socioeconomic and working status of their parents was obtained by a pretested questionnaire following which these children were examined for their dental caries status...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Konda Mani Saravanan, Renganathan Senthil
AIM: The PreFRP web server extracts sequence and basic information of a protein structure and groups amino acid residues in a protein into three important types such as high, moderate, and weak fluctuating residues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The server takes a protein data bank file or an amino acid sequence as input and prints the probability of amino acid residues to fluctuate. The server also provides a link to Jmol, a molecular visualization program to visualize the high, moderate, and weak fluctuating residues in three different colors...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Fariz Nurwidya, Fumiyuki Takahashi, Kazuhisa Takahashi
Lung cancer is still the main cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, with most patients present with advanced disease and poor long-term prognosis. The aim of lung cancer treatment is to slow down the progression of the disease, to relieve the patients from the lung cancer symptoms and whenever possible, to increase the overall survival. The discovery of small molecule targeting tyrosine kinase of epidermal growth factor receptor opens a new way in the management of advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Arun H S Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
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