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Pharmacognosy Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503054/a-review-on-the-pharmacological-activities-and-phytochemicals-of-alpinia-officinarum-galangal-extracts-derived-from-bioassay-guided-fractionation-and-isolation
#1
REVIEW
Aida Maryam Basri, Hussein Taha, Norhayati Ahmad
The rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum Hance have been used conventionally for the treatment of various ailments, triggering a wide interest from the scientific research community on this ethnomedicinal plant. This review summarizes the phytochemical and pharmacological properties of the extracts and fractions from A. officinarum, a plant species of the Zingiberaceae family. Different parts of the plant - leaves, roots, rhizomes, and aerial parts - have been extracted in various solvents - methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, hexane, dichloromethane, aqueous, chloroform, and petroleum ether, using various techniques - Soxhlet extraction, maceration, ultrasonication, and soaking, whereas fractionation of the plant extracts involves the solvent-solvent partition method...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503053/pea-pisum-sativum-and-its-anticancer-activity
#2
REVIEW
Runchana Rungruangmaitree, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Pisum sativum (Family: Fabaceae), as known as green pea or garden pea, has long been important in diet due to its content of fiber, protein, starch, trace elements, and many phytochemical substances. It has been shown to possess antibacterial, antidiabetic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antihypercholesterolemia, and antioxidant activities and also shown anticancer property. Its nonnutritive biologically active components include alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, isoflavones, phenols, phytosterols, phytic acid, protease inhibitors, saponins, and tannins...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503052/wound-healing-property-review-of-siam-weed-chromolaena-odorata
#3
REVIEW
Anushika Sirinthipaporn, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Chromolaena odorata (Family: Asteraceae) synonyms as Eupatorium odoratum is a traditional medicinal plant that is widely used for its wound healing property. In particular, the several parts of this herb have been used to treat wounds, burns, and skin infections. Furthermore, it has also been shown to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Its phytochemical components are alkaloids, flavonoids, flavanone, essential oils, phenolics, saponins, tannins, and terpenoids...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503051/an-update-review-on-the-anthelmintic-activity-of-bitter-gourd-momordica-charantia
#4
REVIEW
Sutthaya Poolperm, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Momordica charantia (Family: Cucurbitales), as known as bitter melon or gourd, is a daily consumption as food and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anticancer, antidepressant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiobesity, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, charantin, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, tannins, and terpenoids. This plant is rich in various saponins including momordicin, momordin, momordicoside, karavilagenin, karaviloside, and kuguacin, all of which have been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antiparasitic infections...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503050/fingerroot-boesenbergia-rotunda-and-its-aphrodisiac-activity
#5
REVIEW
Oranun Ongwisespaiboon, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Boesenbergia rotunda (Family: Zingiberaceae) as known as fingerroot is a daily food ingredient and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anti-allergic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiulcer activities and also shown wound healing. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, and phenolics. This plant is rich in boesenbergin, krachaizin, panduratin, and pinostrobin, all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including aphrodisiac property...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503049/current-understanding-of-antiobesity-property-of-capsaicin
#6
REVIEW
Nithida Narang, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul, Parinda Jamrus
The capsaicin is an ingredient that we normally mix in food in many cultural cuisines even in fresh and dried production. Because of its anticancer, anticholesterolemic, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties, capsaicin is used worldwide. Moreover, capsaicin is also used for the protection of cardiovascular and hepatic diseases. The electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect were searched since 2000 to present for antiobesity term...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503048/antifertility-effect-of-bougainvillea-spectabilis-or-paper-flower
#7
REVIEW
Anisa Ghogar, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Bougainvillea spectabilis (Family: Nyctaginaceae), commonly referred to as Great Bougainvillea or Paper Flower, is one of the traditional medicinal plants with potential antifertility activity. The aqueous extract and decoction of this plant have been used as fertility control among the tribal people in many countries. Furthermore, it has been shown to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Its phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, glycosides, oxalates, phenolics, phlobotannins, quinones, saponins, tannins, and terpenoids were reported as the basis of its efficacious therapeutic properties...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503047/an-updated-phytopharmacological-review-on-medicinal-plant-of-arab-region-apium-graveolens-linn
#8
REVIEW
Abdulrahman Khazim Al-Asmari, Md Tanwir Athar, Saeed G Kadasah
Apium graveolens Linn. (Karafs) is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of the various ailments. There is a need to explore and authenticate the pharmacological profile and medicinal importance of the Karafs. In this paper, the literature and the published work on Apium were collected using online resources "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed". Each of the pharmacological activity was searched individually using the keywords "Apium/Karafs/Apium graveolens + individual pharmacological activity"...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503046/reflections-about-osteoarthritis-and-curcuma-longa
#9
REVIEW
Marina Cristina Akuri, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Raíssa Meira Val, Elen Landgraf Guiguer
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic inflammatory degenerative process that affects joints such as the hands, hips, shoulders, feet, spine, and especially knees in millions of people worldwide. Some authors have shown that Curcuma longa components may exhibit benefic effects in the treatment of degenerative diseases as OA. This plant belongs to the family Zingiberaceae and it is popularly known as turmeric or saffron. This review intended to perform a retrospective search to identify studies involving humans and animal models...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503045/review-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-assay-rapid-method-in-drug-discovery-of-herbal-plants
#10
REVIEW
Islamudin Ahmad, Arry Yanuar, Kamarza Mulia, Abdul Mun'im
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a signaling pathway which responsible in the blood pressure regulation. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is one of the key elements responsible for the hypertensive mechanism. It converts angiotensin-I to angiotensin-II. The discovery history of the ACE inhibitory activity assay method has been through a long stage for decades and development continues until today. The ACE inhibitory activity has become an effective screening method in the search for new antihypertensive agents from herbal plants...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082799/retraction-oleandrin-a-cardiac-glycosides-with-potent-cytotoxicity
#11
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 131 in vol. 7, PMID: 24347921.].
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082798/is-myrtol%C3%A2-standardized-a-new-alternative-toward-antibiotics
#12
REVIEW
Maria Paparoupa, Adrian Gillissen
GeloMyrtol(®) and GeloMyrtol(®) forte, also known as Myrtol(®) standardized, is an herbal medical product (phytomedicine) obtained by a multistep distillation procedure from essential oils. The major biological marker of in vivo and ex vivo activity of Myrtol(®) standardized is the monoterpenes, d-limonene, 1,8-cineole, and alpha-pinene. Myrtol(®) standardized is estimated to have antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial potential while many studies confirmed its secretolytic and bronchospasmolytic effects...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082797/review-ergogenic-effect-of-long-jack-eurycoma-longifolia
#13
Thasanee Khanijo, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Eurycoma longifolia (family: Simaroubaceae) is commonly distributed in the Southeast Asia and Indo-China. In particular, the aqueous extract and decoction of its root are a well-known folk medicine which enhances sexuality, fertility, and antiaging. Furthermore, it has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, saponins, tannins, and triterpenes. This plant is rich in various quassinoids including eurycolactone, eurycomalactone, eurycomanol, eurycomanone, and eurycomaoside all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including increased muscle strength, endurance in cycling time, and reduced anxiety and stress...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082796/a-complete-profile-on-blind-your-eye-mangrove-excoecaria-agallocha-l-euphorbiaceae-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-aspects
#14
Sumanta Mondal, Debjit Ghosh, K Ramakrishna
Traditional system of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances. This article provides a comprehensive review of the complete profile of an important mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae) and elaborately describing the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties. It is used traditionally in the treatment of various diseases such as epilepsy, ulcers, leprosy, rheumatism, and paralysis. The latex obtained from the bark is poisonous in nature and may cause temporary blindness, thus it is also known as the blind-your-eye mangrove plant...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082795/anticancer-activity-of-key-lime-citrus-aurantifolia
#15
Nithithep Narang, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Citrus aurantifolia (family: Rutaceae) is mainly used in daily consumption, in many cultural cuisines, and in juice production. It is widely used because of its antibacterial, anticancer, antidiabetic, antifungal, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammation, anti-lipidemia, and antioxidant properties; moreover, it can protect heart, liver, bone, and prevent urinary diseases. Its secondary metabolites are alkaloids, carotenoids, coumarins, essential oils, flavonoids, phenolic acids, and triterpenoids. The other important constituents are apigenin, hesperetin, kaempferol, limonoids, quercetin, naringenin, nobiletin, and rutin, all of these contribute to its remedial properties...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082794/an-updated-review-on-phytochemical-properties-of-golden-dewdrop-duranta-erecta
#16
Rattawat Subsongsang, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Duranta erecta (family: Verbenaceae) commonly referred to golden dewdrop, pigeon berry, angel whisper, or skyflower is one of the traditional medicinal plants. It has been shown to possess antimicrobial, antioxidant, and insecticide properties. Its phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, saponins, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids are reported as the basis of its efficacious therapeutic properties. The other important constituents which contribute to the remedial properties are durantol, pectolinaringenin, repennoside, repenins, and scutellarein...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082793/an-updated-review-on-the-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-clinical-trials-of-salacia-oblonga
#17
Priya Singh Kushwaha, Ashok K Singh, Amit K Keshari, Siddhartha Maity, Sudipta Saha
Salacia oblonga (S. oblonga), a perennial herb, has been used for thousands of years in ayurvedic medicine and is closely associated with prevention, treatment, and cure of various human ailments such as obesity and diabetes. A vast and wide range of chemical compounds such as polyphenols, friedelane-type triterpenes, norfriedelane-type triterpenes, eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes including various glycosides had been isolated from this plant. This review is aimed to survey the literature covering the phytochemistry and pharmacology of S...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082792/review-of-neuro-nutrition-used-as-anti-alzheimer-plant-spinach-spinacia-oleracea
#18
Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Neuro-nutrition is the nutrition needed to achieve health brain and neurocognitive function. Diets rich in antioxidants, vitamins, flavonoids, and polyphenolic compounds will help suppress the onset of Alzheimer's disease. Spinacia oleracea (Family: Amaranthaceae) commonly known as spinach or Buai Leng (in Thai), one of the traditional medicinal plants with high in those mention nutrients. The micronutrients in spinach include a range of vitamins and minerals, which can prevent deficiency diseases and are essential for normal physiological function...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082791/the-unexplored-anticaries-potential-of-shiitake-mushroom
#19
REVIEW
J Avinash, S Vinay, Kunal Jha, Diptajit Das, B S Goutham, Gunjan Kumar
Keeping an eye the escalating costs of dental services, the treatment cost of the consequences of dental caries can be reduced to manageable proportions by preventive measures aimed at decreasing the prevalence. One such measure is by increasing the consumption of caries preventive foods. Recently, there has been an upsurge of interest in mushrooms not only as a healthy food but also as a caries preventive food. The most common type of mushroom, Lentinula edodes also called as shiitake, is studied in-depth for its oral health benefits...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082790/anticancer-alkaloids-from-trees-development-into-drugs
#20
REVIEW
Tasiu Isah
Trees have made an enormous phytochemical contribution in anticancer drugs' development more than any other life form. The contributions include alkaloids that are biosynthesized in various ways and yield. Lead alkaloids isolated from the trees are taxol and camptothecins that currently have annual sales in billion dollars. Other important alkaloids isolated from these life forms include rohitukine, harringtonine, acronycine, thalicarpine, usambarensine, ellipticine, and matrines. Studies on their mechanism of action and target on the DNA and protein of cancerous cells aided the development of potent hemisynthesized congeners...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Reviews
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