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Journal of Functional Biomaterials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644382/metal-ion-loaded-nanofibre-matrices-for-calcification-inhibition-in-polyurethane-implants
#1
Charanpreet Singh, Xungai Wang
Pathologic calcification leads to structural deterioration of implant materials via stiffening, stress cracking, and other structural disintegration mechanisms, and the effect can be critical for implants intended for long-term or permanent implantation. This study demonstrates the potential of using specific metal ions (MI)s for inhibiting pathological calcification in polyurethane (PU) implants. The hypothesis of using MIs as anti-calcification agents was based on the natural calcium-antagonist role of Mg(2+) ions in human body, and the anti-calcification effect of Fe(3+) ions in bio-prosthetic heart valves has previously been confirmed...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640198/experimental-investigation-of-magnetic-nanoparticle-enhanced-microwave-hyperthermia
#2
Brogan T McWilliams, Hongwang Wang, Valerie J Binns, Sergio Curto, Stefan H Bossmann, Punit Prakash
The objective of this study was to evaluate microwave heating enhancements offered by iron/iron oxide nanoparticles dispersed within tissue-mimicking media for improving efficacy of microwave thermal therapy. The following dopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were considered: 10 and 20 nm diameter spherical core/shell Fe/Fe₃O₄, 20 nm edge-length cubic Fe₃O₄, and 45 nm edge-length/10 nm height hexagonal Fe₃O₄. Microwave heating enhancements were experimentally measured with MNPs dissolved in an agar phantom, placed within a rectangular waveguide...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635681/antimicrobial-activity-of-nitric-oxide-releasing-ti-6al-4v-metal-oxide
#3
Nina A Reger, Wilson S Meng, Ellen S Gawalt
Titanium and titanium alloy materials are commonly used in joint replacements, due to the high strength of the materials. Pathogenic microorganisms can easily adhere to the surface of the metal implant, leading to an increased potential for implant failure. The surface of a titanium-aluminum-vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) metal oxide implant material was functionalized to deliver an small antibacterial molecule, nitric oxide. S-nitroso-penicillamine, a S-nitrosothiol nitric oxide donor, was covalently immobilized on the metal oxide surface using self-assembled monolayers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613248/laser-ablation-for-cancer-past-present-and-future
#4
REVIEW
Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Yuman Fong
Laser ablation (LA) is gaining acceptance for the treatment of tumors as an alternative to surgical resection. This paper reviews the use of lasers for ablative and surgical applications. Also reviewed are solutions aimed at improving LA outcomes: hyperthermal treatment planning tools and thermometric techniques during LA, used to guide the surgeon in the choice and adjustment of the optimal laser settings, and the potential use of nanoparticles to allow biologic selectivity of ablative treatments. Promising technical solutions and a better knowledge of laser-tissue interaction should allow LA to be used in a safe and effective manner as a cancer treatment...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587314/cellular-morphology-mediated-proliferation-and-drug-sensitivity-of-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Ryota Domura, Rie Sasaki, Yuma Ishikawa, Masami Okamoto
The interpretation of the local microenvironment of the extracellular matrix for malignant tumor cells is in intimate relation with metastatic spread of cancer cells involving the associated issues of cellular proliferation and drug responsiveness. This study was aimed to assess the combination of both surface topographies (fiber alignments) and different stiffness of the polymeric substrates (poly(l-lactic acid) and poly(ε-caprolactone), PLLA and PCL, respectively) as well as collagen substrates (coat and gel) to elucidate the effect of the cellular morphology on cellular proliferation and drug sensitivities of two different types of breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587096/the-effect-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-calcium-sulfate-hemihydrate-platelet-rich-plasma-and-resorbable-collagen-on-soft-tissue-closure-of-extraction-sites
#6
Lisa M Yerke, Amal Jamjoom, Talal M Zahid, Robert E Cohen
Rapid and complete soft tissue healing after tooth extraction minimizes surgical complications and facilitates subsequent implant placement. We used four treatment methods and assessed changes in soft tissue socket closure following tooth extraction in humans. The effects of platelet-rich fibrin-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (PRF-CSH), platelet-rich plasma-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (PRP-CSH), a resorbable collagen dressing (RCD), and no grafting material were compared in a randomized, controlled pilot study with a blinded parallel design (N = 23)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587061/enhanced-osseointegration-of-a-modified-titanium-implant-with-bound-phospho-threonine-a-preliminary-in-vivo-study
#7
Yohei Okazaki, Kazuya Doi, Yoshifumi Oki, Reiko Kobatake, Yasuhiko Abe, Kazuhiro Tsuga
Implant surface topography is a key factor in achieving osseointegration. l-Threonine can be chemically and stably bonded to titanium surfaces by phosphorylation. This study investigated the degree of in vivo osseointegration of an implant with a novel o-phospho-l-threonine (p-Thr)-binding surface. MC3T3-E1 cells were seeded on the p-Thr binding surface and machined surface disks, and initial cell attachment was evaluated. p-Thr-binding and machined surface implants were tested in vivo by implantation into the femurs of three male New Zealand white rabbits, and the osseointegration was assessed by measurement of removal torque (RT) and bone-implant contact (BIC) ratio...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505119/laxative-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-sujiaonori-algal-biomaterial-in-japanese-adult-women-with-functional-constipation-a-case-study
#8
Nlandu Roger Ngatu, Mitsunori Ikeda, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Mamoru Tanaka, Masataka Inoue
Constipation is a gastrointestinal motility disorder that represents a major health problem in Japan. Approximately 26% of young Japanese adult women are reported to have this complaint. We report on the health effects of daily intake of Sujiaonori algal biomaterial (SBM) on constipation on 12 Japanese adult women. Data are from a four-week dietary intervention study on the health effects of daily Sujiaonori supplementation on cardiovascular, skin, and gastrointestinal health in which 32 adult Japanese volunteers (age range: 20-54 years) participated...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406466/artificial-red-blood-cells-as-potential-photosensitizers-in-dye-laser-treatment-against-port-wine-stains
#9
REVIEW
Naoaki Rikihisa, Shoji Watanabe, Yoshiaki Saito, Hiromi Sakai
We suggest a novel method that uses artificial blood cells (hemoglobin vesicles, Hb-Vs) as photosensitizers in dye laser treatment (at 595-nm wavelength) for port-wine stains (i.e., capillary malformations presenting as red birthmarks) based on the results of animal experiments. As compared with human red blood cells, Hb-Vs have the same absorbance of 595 nm wavelength light and produce the same level of heat following dye laser irradiation. Small sized Hb-Vs (250 nm) distribute in the plasma phase in blood and tend to flow in the marginal zone of microvessels...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387702/patient-education-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-preliminary-experience-using-3d-printed-clinical-imaging-data
#10
Ian M Sander, Taimi T Liepert, Evan L Doney, W Matthew Leevy, Douglas R Liepert
Within the Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) medical space, a relatively small fraction of patients follow through with elective surgeries to fix ailments such as a deviated septum or occluded sinus passage. Patient understanding of their diagnosis and treatment plan is integral to compliance, which ultimately yields improved medical outcomes and better quality of life. Here we report the usage of advanced, polyjet 3D printing methods to develop a multimaterial replica of human nasal sinus anatomy, derived from clinical X-ray computed tomography (CT) data, to be used as an educational aid during physician consultation...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368345/endovascular-embolization-by-transcatheter-delivery-of-particles-past-present-and-future
#11
REVIEW
Rahul A Sheth, Sharjeel Sabir, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Reginald K Avery, Yu Shrike Zhang, Ali Khademhosseini, Rahmi Oklu
Minimally invasive techniques to occlude flow within blood vessels, initially pioneered in the 1970s with autologous materials and subsequently advanced with increasingly sophisticated engineered biomaterials, are routinely performed for a variety of medical conditions. Contemporary interventional radiologists have at their disposal a wide armamentarium of occlusive agents to treat a range of disease processes through a small incision in the skin. In this review, we provide a historical perspective on endovascular embolization tools, summarize the current state-of-the-art, and highlight burgeoning technologies that promise to advance the field in the near future...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335469/comparison-of-the-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-hemoglobin-based-oxygen-carriers
#12
REVIEW
Kazuaki Taguchi, Keishi Yamasaki, Toru Maruyama, Masaki Otagiri
Hemoglobin (Hb) is an ideal material for use in the development of an oxygen carrier in view of its innate biological properties. However, the vascular retention of free Hb is too short to permit a full therapeutic effect because Hb is rapidly cleared from the kidney via glomerular filtration or from the liver via the haptogloblin-CD 163 pathway when free Hb is administered in the blood circulation. Attempts have been made to develop alternate acellular and cellular types of Hb based oxygen carriers (HBOCs), in which Hb is processed via various routes in order to regulate its pharmacokinetic properties...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294960/overview-of-potential-clinical-applications-of-hemoglobin-vesicles-hbv-as-artificial-red-cells-evidenced-by-preclinical-studies-of-the-academic-research-consortium
#13
REVIEW
Hiromi Sakai
Hemoglobin (Hb) is the most abundant protein in whole blood. This fact implies that the oxygen binding and releasing function of Hb is the most vital for sustaining life. All Hb is compartmentalized in red blood cells (RBCs) with corpuscular Hb concentration of about 35 g/dL, covered with a thin biomembrane. In spite of its abundance, Hb sometimes shows toxicity once it is leaked from RBCs. The shielding effect of the RBC membrane is physiologically important. Based on this structural importance, we have studied artificial red cells (Hb vesicles, HbV) as artificial oxygen carriers, which encapsulate a purified and concentrated Hb solution in phospholipid vesicles, mimicking the cellular structure of RBCs...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272304/induction-of-low-level-hydrogen-peroxide-generation-by-unbleached-cotton-nonwovens-as-potential-wound-dressing-materials
#14
J Vincent Edwards, Nicolette T Prevost, Sunghyun Nam, Doug Hinchliffe, Brian Condon, Dorne Yager
Greige cotton is an intact plant fiber. The cuticle and primary cell wall near the outer surface of the cotton fiber contains pectin, peroxidases, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and trace metals, which are associated with hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) generation during cotton fiber development. Traditionally, the processing of cotton into gauze involves scouring and bleaching processes that remove the components in the cuticle and primary cell wall. The use of unbleached, greige cotton fibers in dressings, has been relatively unexplored...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264515/fabrication-and-optimal-design-of-biodegradable-polymeric-stents-for-aneurysms-treatments
#15
Xue Han, Xia Wu, Michael Kelly, Xiongbiao Chen
An aneurysm is a balloon-like bulge in the wall of blood vessels, occurring in major arteries of the heart and brain. Biodegradable polymeric stent-assisted coiling is expected to be the ideal treatment of wide-neck complex aneurysms. This paper presents the development of methods to fabricate and optimally design biodegradable polymeric stents for aneurysms treatment. Firstly, a dispensing-based rapid prototyping (DBRP) system was developed to fabricate coil and zigzag structures of biodegradable polymeric stents...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216559/aloe-vera-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#16
REVIEW
Shekh Rahman, Princeton Carter, Narayan Bhattarai
Aloe vera, also referred as Aloe barbadensis Miller, is a succulent plant widely used for biomedical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Aloe vera has been used for thousands of years. However, recent significant advances have been made in the development of aloe vera for tissue engineering applications. Aloe vera has received considerable attention in tissue engineering due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity properties. Aloe vera has been reported to have many biologically active components...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208801/atomic-force-microscopy-a-powerful-tool-to-address-scaffold-design-in-tissue-engineering
#17
Marica Marrese, Vincenzo Guarino, Luigi Ambrosio
Functional polymers currently represent a basic component of a large range of biological and biomedical applications including molecular release, tissue engineering, bio-sensing and medical imaging. Advancements in these fields are driven by the use of a wide set of biodegradable polymers with controlled physical and bio-interactive properties. In this context, microscopy techniques such as Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) are emerging as fundamental tools to deeply investigate morphology and structural properties at micro and sub-micrometric scale, in order to evaluate the in time relationship between physicochemical properties of biomaterials and biological response...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134777/the-anti-inflammatory-and-vasodilating-effects-of-three-selected-dietary-organic-sulfur-compounds-from-allium-species
#18
Chin-Chen Chu, Wen-Shiann Wu, Ja-Ping Shieh, Heuy-Ling Chu, Chia-Pu Lee, Pin-Der Duh
The anti-inflammatory and vasodilating effects of three selected dietary organic sulfur compounds (OSC), including diallyl disulfide (DADS), dimethyl disulfide (DMDS), and propyl disulfide (PDS), from Allium species were investigated. In the anti-inflammatory activity assay, the three OSC demonstrated significant inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in activated RAW 264...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134776/bioactive-polymeric-materials-for-tissue-repair
#19
Diane R Bienek, Wojtek Tutak, Drago Skrtic
Bioactive polymeric materials based on calcium phosphates have tremendous appeal for hard tissue repair because of their well-documented biocompatibility. Amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP)-based ones additionally protect against unwanted demineralization and actively support regeneration of hard tissue minerals. Our group has been investigating the structure/composition/property relationships of ACP polymeric composites for the last two decades. Here, we present ACP's dispersion in a polymer matrix and the fine-tuning of the resin affects the physicochemical, mechanical, and biological properties of ACP polymeric composites...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117733/minimizing-skin-scarring-through-biomaterial-design
#20
REVIEW
Alessandra L Moore, Clement D Marshall, Michael T Longaker
Wound healing continues to be a major burden to patients, though research in the field has expanded significantly. Due to an aging population and increasing comorbid conditions, the cost of chronic wounds is expected to increase for patients and the U.S. healthcare system alike. With this knowledge, the number of engineered products to facilitate wound healing has also increased dramatically, with some already in clinical use. In this review, the major biomaterials used to facilitate skin wound healing will be examined, with particular attention allocated to the science behind their development...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
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