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American Journal of Perinatology Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717587/closed-incision-negative-pressure-therapy-in-obese-patients-undergoing-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ravindu P Gunatilake, Geeta K Swamy, Leo R Brancazio, Michael P Smrtka, Jennifer L Thompson, Jennifer B Gilner, Beverly A Gray, Robert Phillips Heine
Background  Postcesarean wound morbidity is a costly complication of cesarean delivery for which preventative strategies remain understudied. Objective  We compared surgical site occurrences (SSOs) in cesarean patients receiving closed-incision negative-pressure therapy (ciNPT) or standard-of-care (SOC) dressing. Study Design  A single-center randomized controlled trial compared ciNPT (5-7 days) to SOC dressing (1-2 days) in obese women (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 35), undergoing cesarean delivery between 2012 and 2014...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706753/evaluation-of-institute-of-medicine-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#2
Anne M Siegel, Alan T Tita, Hannah Machemehl, Joseph R Biggio, Lorie M Harper
Objective  To assess the impact of gestational weight gain (GWG) outside the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations on perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by chronic hypertension (HTN). Methods  The study consisted of a retrospective cohort of all singletons with HTN from 2000 to 2014. Maternal outcomes examined were superimposed preeclampsia and cesarean delivery. Neonatal outcomes were small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA), and preterm birth (PTB). Groups were compared using analysis of variance and chi-squared test for trend...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674638/orbital-subperiosteal-hematoma-in-the-newborn-causing-unilateral-proptosis-ultrasound-as-first-line-imaging-modality
#3
Florencia Angkasa, Leila Mohammadi, Deepa Taranath, Ajay Taranath, Marcus Brecht
Proptosis in the neonatal period is relatively infrequent and has diverse underlying etiologies. One of the more common causes appears to be orbital subperiosteal hematoma. Early detection, differentiation from other causes, and regular follow-up are essential as loss of vision can occur. We describe two cases of neonatal proptosis caused by orbital subperiosteal hematoma highlighting different diagnostic and management approaches, and provide a summary of previously reported cases. Spontaneous resolution occurs in most cases; however, emergent surgical evacuation is warranted in cases of optic nerve compression...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674637/recurrent-staphylococcal-scalded-skin-syndrome-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonate
#4
Jennifer Davidson, Samantha Polly, Peter J Hayes, Kristopher R Fisher, Ajay J Talati, Tejesh Patel
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) in premature infants is a rare condition. We present SSSS in an extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infant with recurrent and confirmed bacterial sepsis. We present it to emphasize the importance for clinicians to not only recognize the clinical manifestations of SSSS, but also the need to closely monitor infants, especially very low-birth-weight (VLBW) and ELBW infants with SSSS for recurrence and bacterial sepsis. SSSS in preterm infants is a potentially lethal condition and early recognition and appropriate supportive care could be life-saving...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674636/diabetes-during-pregnancy-influence-of-body-mass-index-on-composite-morbidity
#5
Amy E O'Neil Dudley, Zachary B Jenner, Hector Mendez-Figueroa, Viviana S Ellis, Suneet P Chauhan
Objective  This study aims to compare composite maternal and neonatal morbidities (MM, NM) among pregnant women with diabetes mellitus whose body mass index (BMI) at delivery was < 30 (group 1), 30.0 to 39.9 (group 2), and ≥ 40 kg/m (2) (group 3). We hypothesized that increased BMI class at delivery would be associated with worsening maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods  This is a retrospective cohort study. MM was defined as: chorioamnionitis, wound infection, eclampsia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia admission, third/fourth degree laceration, and/or death...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670500/peculiar-clinical-presentation-of-coxsackievirus-b4-infection-neonatal-restrictive-cardiomyopathy
#6
Pauline Le Van Quyen, Philippe Desprez, Angelo Livolsi, Véronique Lindner, Samira Fafi-Kremer, Pauline Helms, Maria Cristina Antal
Introduction  Restrictive cardiomyopathy in fetuses and neonates is extremely rare and has a poor outcome. Its etiology in neonates is elusive: metabolic diseases (e.g., Gaucher, Hurler syndrome), neuromuscular disorders (e.g., muscular dystrophies, myofibrillar myopathies), or rare presentation of genetic syndromes (e.g., Coffin-Lowry syndrome) account for a minority of the cases, the majority remaining idiopathic. Case Study  We report the case of a 17-day-old male infant presenting cardiogenic shock following a restrictive dysfunction of the left ventricle...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649463/outcomes-of-admissions-for-preterm-labor
#7
Michael W Kuzniewicz, Libby Black, Eileen M Walsh, Sherian X Li, Mara Greenberg
Objective  This study aims to quantitate the incidence of preterm labor (PTL) admissions and determine the frequency and predictors of preterm delivery (PTD) during these admissions. Study Design  Retrospective cohort of singleton pregnancies within Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2001 to 2011. PTL admissions were defined as inpatient encounters > 24 hours with an International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision code for PTL. Results  Total study population was 365,897 with PTL admission rate 11%...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611934/etiology-and-perinatal-outcome-of-nonimmune-hydrops-fetalis-in-southern-china
#8
Sheng He, Linlin Wang, Pingshan Pan, Hongwei Wei, Dahua Meng, Juan Du, Xiaoxian Tian, Chenguang Zheng, Xiaoxia Qiu, Guoyang Luo
Objective  This study aims to analyze the etiology and perinatal outcome of nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) in Southern China. Methods  All cases with NIHF diagnosed antenatally from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2014 were identified and analyzed. Results  Total 482 cases of NIHF were identified during the study period. The most common cause of NIHF was hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's disease (61.8%), followed by chromosomal abnormalities (13.5%), idiopathic etiology (13.1%), cardiac abnormalities (6.4%), and others (5...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611933/monochorionic-triamniotic-triplet-pregnancy-complicated-by-twin-reversed-arterial-perfusion-sequence-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Pingshan Pan, Guoyang Luo, Lu Tang, Jeanne D Rolle, Yuqin Qin, Quan Zeng, Jiangting Wei, Yuanfang Chen, Hongwei Wei
Background  Monochorionic-triamniotic pregnancies are rare and fraught with complications. Case  A case of monochorionic-triamniotic triplet pregnancy complicated by twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is presented. The patient declined termination or selective fetal reduction. Triplet C was acardiac. At 24 weeks, triplet B developed polyhydramnios. At 30 weeks, polyhydramnios was seen in all three amniotic sacs, but without signs of fetal hydrops and with normal Doppler velocimetry measurements in the umbilical artery, middle cerebral artery, and ductus arteriosus of triplets A and B...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515969/application-of-selective-bronchial-intubation-versus-neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-in-the-management-of-unilateral-pulmonary-interstitial-emphysema-an-illustrative-case-and-the-literature-review
#10
Shing-Yan Robert Lee
In the treatment of left-sided pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) in a 23-week neonate, we used two ventilatory strategies: selective bronchial intubation from day 10 to 15 and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) from day 18 to 26. We compared the effects and adverse effects of these two strategies. On selective bronchial intubation, desaturation was frequent. Fentanyl infusion was required. There was an episode of carbon dioxide retention coupled with hypotension. On NAVA, the neonate was clinically stable without the requirement of sedation...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497007/accuracy-of-blood-loss-measurement-during-cesarean-delivery
#11
Sahar V Doctorvaladan, Andrea T Jelks, Eric W Hsieh, Robert L Thurer, Mark I Zakowski, David C Lagrew
Objective This study aims to compare the accuracy of visual, quantitative gravimetric, and colorimetric methods used to determine blood loss during cesarean delivery procedures employing a hemoglobin extraction assay as the reference standard. Study Design In 50 patients having cesarean deliveries blood loss determined by assays of hemoglobin content on surgical sponges and in suction canisters was compared with obstetricians' visual estimates, a quantitative gravimetric method, and the blood loss determined by a novel colorimetric system...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497006/under-pressure-intraluminal-filling-pressures-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-tamponade-balloons
#12
Kathleen M Antony, Diana A Racusin, Michael A Belfort, Gary A Dildy
Objective Uterine tamponade by fluid-filled balloons is now an accepted method of controlling postpartum hemorrhage. Available tamponade balloons vary in design and material, which affects the filling attributes and volume at which they rupture. We aimed to characterize the filling capacity and pressure-volume relationship of various tamponade balloons. Study Design Balloons were filled with water ex vivo. Intraluminal pressure was measured incrementally (every 10 mL for the Foley balloons and every 50 mL for all other balloons)...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465865/a-systematic-review-of-intrapartum-fetal-head-compression-what-is-the-impact-on-the-fetal-brain
#13
Kent D Heyborne
Objective During labor the fetal head is subjected to pressure related to uterine contractions and maternal pushing. Here we systematically review what is known about fetal head compression and its effects on fetal intracranial pressure, oxygenation, blood flow and cerebral function, and the plausibility that it might cause isolated fetal brain injury. Study Design Systematic review of intrapartum fetal head compression and fetal brain injury in accordance with the MOOSE methodology. The PubMed database was searched using a combination of the terms "fetal," "head," "cranial," "extracranial," "pressure," and "compression...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428904/salvage-of-necrotic-appearing-limb-after-in-utero-endoscopic-lysis-of-constriction-bands
#14
M Abdel-Sattar, A Chon, B Chen, W Burkhalter, R H Chmait
We report a case of amniotic band syndrome complicated by constriction bands and marked distal swelling of both lower extremities. Color Doppler interrogation of the right lower extremity revealed complete lack of blood flow below the level of the constriction. Upon fetoscopic survey, the right lower extremity beyond the constriction band appeared dusky red and discolored with desquamation, consistent with a necrotic appearance. The constriction bands were cut in utero using endoshears, thereby allowing restoration of blood flow on postoperative day 1...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413694/first-neonatal-demise-with-travel-associated-zika-virus-infection-in-the-united-states-of-america
#15
Nikolaos Zacharias, Janice Whitty, Sarah Noblin, Sophia Tsakiri, Jose Garcia, Michael Covinsky, Meenakshi Bhattacharjee, David Saulino, Nina Tatevian, Sean Blackwell
Zika virus is increasingly recognized as a fetal pathogen worldwide. We describe the first case of neonatal demise with travel-associated Zika virus infection in the United States of America, including a novel prenatal ultrasound finding. A young Latina presented to our health care system in Southeast Texas for prenatal care at 23 weeks of gestation. Fetal Dandy-Walker malformation, asymmetric cerebral ventriculomegaly, single umbilical artery, hypoechoic fetal knee, dorsal foot edema, and mild polyhydramnios were noted upon initial screening prenatal sonography at 26 weeks...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405492/a-rare-complication-of-central-venous-catheter-extravasation-in-a-preterm-neonate-hemidiaphragmatic-paralysis
#16
C Hobson, D Dubillot, H Lardy, D Sirinelli, E Saliba, E Lopez
We report a case of a preterm neonate born at 26 weeks' of gestation diagnosed with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis. This paralysis was a consequence of a phrenic nerve injury due to extravasation of hyperosmolar parenteral nutrition fluid in the upper thorax. Chest X-rays and ultrasonography confirmed the diagnosis. The neonate was treated with prolonged respiratory support and did not require surgical treatment. This report describes a case of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis as a complication of central venous catheter insertion...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367358/perinatal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-triplet-gestations-based-on-chorionicity
#17
Maureen Downing, Suela Sulo, Barbara V Parilla
Objective To compare perinatal and neonatal outcomes of dichorionic (DC) and monochorionic (MC) with trichorionic (TC) triplet gestations. Methods A retrospective cohort study of DC + MC versus TC triplet gestations delivered at a tertiary care hospital from 2009 to 2015. The results include 42 sets of triplets (TC, n = 26; DC + MC, n = 16). Maternal demographics and pregnancy data were compared. Neonatal outcomes were assessed using composite morbidity and mortality. Results Maternal baseline characteristics including age, mode of conception, race, parity, body mass index, and previous preterm delivery were statistically comparable...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367357/resuscitation-with-intact-placental-circulation-in-a-preterm-infant-with-hydrops-fetalis
#18
Simone Pratesi, Iuri Corsini, Caterina Coviello, Silvia Perugi, Carlo Dani
A preterm infant with prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis was spontaneously delivered at 30 weeks of gestational age in a tertiary level hospital. Prenatal echography pointed out severe bilateral pleural effusions and diffused subcutaneous edema. A neonatologist team, alerted at the expulsion stage of labor, assisted the neonate immediately after birth and bilateral hydrothorax was drained with intact placental circulation to avoid a nonrespiratory period and its possible detrimental hemodynamic effects. The newborn was well stabilized in the delivery room before cutting the umbilical cord and starting mechanical ventilation...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348923/massive-urinary-protein-excretion-associated-with-greater-neonatal-risk-in-preeclampsia
#19
Julio Mateus, Roger Newman, Baha M Sibai, Qing Li, John R Barton, C Andrew Combs, Edwin Guzman, Kim A Boggess, Cynthia Gyamfi, Peter von Dadelszen, Doug Woelkers
Objective The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of preeclamptic pregnancies according to the proteinuria level. Study Design Secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort study of women with preeclampsia (PE) symptomatology. Nonproteinuria, mild-proteinuria, and massive-proteinuria PEs were defined as: < 165 mg in 12 hours or < 300 mg in 24 hours, 165 mg to 2.69 g in 12 hours or 300 mg to 4.99 g in 24 hours, and ≥ 2.7 g in 12 hours or ≥ 5...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255522/opportunities-to-foster-efficient-communication-in-labor-and-delivery-using-simulation
#20
Kay Daniels, Colleen Hamilton, Susan Crowe, Steven S Lipman, Louis P Halamek, Henry C Lee
Introduction Communication errors are an important contributing factor in adverse outcomes in labor and delivery (L&D) units. The objective of this study was to identify common lapses in verbal communication using simulated obstetrical scenarios and propose alternative formats for communication. Methods Health care professionals in L&D participated in three simulated clinical scenarios. Scenarios were recorded and reviewed to identify questions repeated within and across scenarios. Questions that were repeated more than once due to ineffective communication were identified...
January 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
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