journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Frontiers in Plant Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736570/genome-wide-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-the-calcineurin-b-like-protein-and-calcineurin-b-like-protein-interacting-protein-kinase-gene-families-in-turnip-brassica-rapa-var-rapa
#1
Xin Yin, Qiuli Wang, Qian Chen, Nan Xiang, Yunqiang Yang, Yongping Yang
The calcineurin B-like protein (CBL)-CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) complex has been identified as a primary component in calcium sensors that perceives various stress signals. Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) has been widely cultivated in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for a century as a food crop of worldwide economic significance. These CBL-CIPK complexes have been demonstrated to play crucial roles in plant response to various environmental stresses. However, no report is available on the genome-wide characterization of these two gene families in turnip...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736569/deep-plant-phenomics-a-deep-learning-platform-for-complex-plant-phenotyping-tasks
#2
Jordan R Ubbens, Ian Stavness
Plant phenomics has received increasing interest in recent years in an attempt to bridge the genotype-to-phenotype knowledge gap. There is a need for expanded high-throughput phenotyping capabilities to keep up with an increasing amount of data from high-dimensional imaging sensors and the desire to measure more complex phenotypic traits (Knecht et al., 2016). In this paper, we introduce an open-source deep learning tool called Deep Plant Phenomics. This tool provides pre-trained neural networks for several common plant phenotyping tasks, as well as an easy platform that can be used by plant scientists to train models for their own phenotyping applications...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736568/bdcipk31-a-calcineurin-b-like-protein-interacting-protein-kinase-regulates-plant-response-to-drought-and-salt-stress
#3
Qingchen Luo, Qiuhui Wei, Ruibin Wang, Yang Zhang, Fan Zhang, Yuan He, Shiyi Zhou, Jialu Feng, Guangxiao Yang, Guangyuan He
Calcineurin B-like protein interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) are vital elements in plant abiotic stress signaling pathways. However, the functional mechanism of CIPKs has not been understood clearly, especially in Brachypodium distachyon, a new monocot model plant. In this study, BdCIPK31, a CIPK gene from B. distachyon was characterized. BdCIPK31 was downregulated by polyethylene glycol, NaCl, H2O2, and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments. Transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing BdCIPK31 presented improved drought and salt tolerance, and displayed hypersensitive response to exogenous ABA...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736567/dynamics-of-calcium-during-in-vitro-microspore-embryogenesis-and-in-vivo-microspore-development-in-brassica-napus-and-solanum-melongena
#4
Alba Rivas-Sendra, Antonio Calabuig-Serna, Jose M Seguí-Simarro
Calcium is widely known to have a role as a signaling molecule in many different processes, including stress response and activation of the embryogenic program. However, there are no direct clues about calcium levels during microspore embryogenesis, an experimental process that combines a developmental switch toward embryogenesis and the simultaneous application of different stressing factors. In this work, we used FluoForte, a calcium-specific fluorescent vital dye, to track by confocal microscopy the changes in levels and subcellular distribution of calcium in living rapeseed (B...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736566/genome-wide-linkage-and-association-mapping-of-halo-blight-resistance-in-common-bean-to-race-6-of-the-globally-important-bacterial-pathogen
#5
Andrew J Tock, Deidré Fourie, Peter G Walley, Eric B Holub, Alvaro Soler, Karen A Cichy, Marcial A Pastor-Corrales, Qijian Song, Timothy G Porch, John P Hart, Renato C C Vasconcellos, Joana G Vicente, Guy C Barker, Phillip N Miklas
Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola (Psph) Race 6 is a globally prevalent and broadly virulent bacterial pathogen with devastating impact causing halo blight of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Common bean lines PI 150414 and CAL 143 are known sources of resistance against this pathogen. We constructed high-resolution linkage maps for three recombinant inbred populations to map resistance to Psph Race 6 derived from the two common bean lines. This was complemented with a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Race 6 resistance in an Andean Diversity Panel of common bean...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729877/genetic-diversity-population-structure-and-linkage-disequilibrium-of-an-association-mapping-panel-revealed-by-genome-wide-snp-markers-in-sesame
#6
Chengqi Cui, Hongxian Mei, Yanyang Liu, Haiyang Zhang, Yongzhan Zheng
The characterization of genetic diversity and population structure can be used in tandem to detect reliable phenotype-genotype associations. In the present study, we genotyped a set of 366 sesame germplasm accessions by using 89,924 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The number of SNPs on each chromosome was consistent with the physical length of the respective chromosome, and the average marker density was approximately 2.67 kb/SNP. The genetic diversity analysis showed that the average nucleotide diversity of the panel was 1...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729876/genetic-architecture-of-flooding-tolerance-in-the-dry-bean-middle-american-diversity-panel
#7
Ali Soltani, Samira MafiMoghaddam, Katelynn Walter, Daniel Restrepo-Montoya, Sujan Mamidi, Stephan Schroder, Rian Lee, Phillip E McClean, Juan M Osorno
Flooding is a devastating abiotic stress that endangers crop production in the twenty-first century. Because of the severe susceptibility of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to flooding, an understanding of the genetic architecture and physiological responses of this crop will set the stage for further improvement. However, challenging phenotyping methods hinder a large-scale genetic study of flooding tolerance in common bean and other economically important crops. A greenhouse phenotyping protocol was developed to evaluate the flooding conditions at early stages...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729875/searching-for-an-accurate-marker-based-prediction-of-an-individual-quantitative-trait-in-molecular-plant-breeding
#8
REVIEW
Yong-Bi Fu, Mo-Hua Yang, Fangqin Zeng, Bill Biligetu
Molecular plant breeding with the aid of molecular markers has played an important role in modern plant breeding over the last two decades. Many marker-based predictions for quantitative traits have been made to enhance parental selection, but the trait prediction accuracy remains generally low, even with the aid of dense, genome-wide SNP markers. To search for more accurate trait-specific prediction with informative SNP markers, we conducted a literature review on the prediction issues in molecular plant breeding and on the applicability of an RNA-Seq technique for developing function-associated specific trait (FAST) SNP markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729874/systematic-analysis-of-hsf-family-genes-in-the-brassica-napus-genome-reveals-novel-responses-to-heat-drought-and-high-co2-stresses
#9
Xiaoyi Zhu, Chunqian Huang, Liang Zhang, Hongfang Liu, Jinhui Yu, Zhiyong Hu, Wei Hua
Drought and heat stress are major causes of lost plant crop yield. In the future, high levels of CO2, in combination of other abiotic stress factors, will become a novel source of stress. Little is known of the mechanisms involved in the acclimation responses of plants to this combination of abiotic stress factors, though it has been demonstrated that heat shock transcription factors (Hsfs) are involved in plant response to various abiotic stresses. In this study, we performed a genome-wide identification and a systematic analysis of genes in the Hsf gene family in Brassica napus...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729873/ageratum-enation-virus-infection-induces-programmed-cell-death-and-alters-metabolite-biosynthesis-in-papaver-somniferum
#10
Ashish Srivastava, Lalit Agrawal, Rashmi Raj, Meraj Jaidi, Shri K Raj, Swati Gupta, Ritu Dixit, Poonam C Singh, Tusha Tripathi, Om P Sidhu, Brahma N Singh, Sudhir Shukla, Puneet S Chauhan, Susheel Kumar
A previously unknown disease which causes severe vein thickening and inward leaf curl was observed in a number of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) plants. The sequence analysis of full-length viral genome and associated betasatellite reveals the occurrence of Ageratum enation virus (AEV) and Ageratum leaf curl betasatellite (ALCB), respectively. Co-infiltration of cloned agroinfectious DNAs of AEV and ALCB induces the leaf curl and vein thickening symptoms as were observed naturally. Infectivity assay confirmed this complex as the cause of disease and also satisfied the Koch's postulates...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729872/plc-mediated-signaling-pathway-in-pollen-tubes-regulates-the-gametophytic-self-incompatibility-of-pyrus-species
#11
Haiyong Qu, Yaqin Guan, Yongzhang Wang, Shaolin Zhang
Among the Rosaceae species, the gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) is controlled by a single multi-allelic S locus, which is composed of the pistil-S and pollen-S genes. The pistil-S gene encodes a polymorphic ribonuclease (S-RNase), which is essential for identifying self-pollen. However, the S-RNase system has not been fully characterized. In this study, the self-S-RNase inhibited the Ca(2+)-permeable channel activity at pollen tube apices and the selectively decreased phospholipase C (PLC) activity in the plasma membrane of Pyrus pyrifolia pollen tubes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729871/molecular-mapping-of-flowering-time-major-genes-and-qtls-in-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l
#12
Bingi P Mallikarjuna, Srinivasan Samineni, Mahendar Thudi, Sobhan B Sajja, Aamir W Khan, Ayyanagowda Patil, Kannalli P Viswanatha, Rajeev K Varshney, Pooran M Gaur
Flowering time is an important trait for adaptation and productivity of chickpea in the arid and the semi-arid environments. This study was conducted for molecular mapping of genes/quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling flowering time in chickpea using F2 populations derived from four crosses (ICCV 96029 × CDC Frontier, ICC 5810 × CDC Frontier, BGD 132 × CDC Frontier and ICC 16641 × CDC Frontier). Genetic studies revealed monogenic control of flowering time in the crosses ICCV 96029 × CDC Frontier, BGD 132 × CDC Frontier and ICC 16641 × CDC Frontier, while digenic control with complementary gene action in ICC 5810 × CDC Frontier...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729870/plastid-nucleus-distance-alters-the-behavior-of-stromules
#13
Jessica L Erickson, Matthias Kantek, Martin H Schattat
Plastids send "retrograde" signals to the nucleus to deliver information regarding their physiological status. One open question concerning this signal transfer is how the signal bridges the cytoplasm. Based on individual reports of plastid derived tubular membrane extensions connecting to nuclei, these so-called stromules have been suggested to function as communication routes between plastids and nuclei in response to biotic stress. However, based on the data currently available it is unclear whether interactions between stromules and nuclei are truly intentional or observed as a result of an inflated stromule frequency throughout the cell, and are thus a random event...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729869/genetic-patterns-of-myrceugenia-correifolia-a-rare-species-of-fog-dependent-forests-of-mediterranean-chile-is-it-a-climatic-relict
#14
Fernanda Pérez, Luis F Hinojosa, Gioconda Peralta, Paz Montenegro, Carla Irarrázabal, Michel Cossio
Rare species frequently occur in areas with microclimatic conditions that are atypical for their regions, but that were more common in the past, and that probably have operated as climatic refugia for a long time. Myrceugenia correifolia is a rare arboreal species that grows in deep canyons and hilltops of the Coast Range of north-central Chile between 30° and 35°S. In the northern edge of its distribution M. correifolia grows in small patches of fog-dependent forest surrounding by xeric vegetation. These forest formations are thought to be remnants of an ancient and continuous rainforest that according to some authors became fragmented during aridization of the Neogene (Neogene relict) and to others during warm-dry cycles of the Pleistocene (glacial relicts)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729868/the-c4-model-grass-setaria-is-a-short-day-plant-with-secondary-long-day-genetic-regulation
#15
Andrew N Doust, Margarita Mauro-Herrera, John G Hodge, Jessica Stromski
The effect of photoperiod (day:night ratio) on flowering time was investigated in the wild species, Setaria viridis, and in a set of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between foxtail millet (S. italica) and its wild ancestor green foxtail (S. viridis). Photoperiods totaled 24 h, with three trials of 8:16, 12:12 and 16:8 light:dark hour regimes for the RIL population, and these plus 10:14 and 14:10 for the experiments with S. viridis alone. The response of S. viridis to light intensity as well as photoperiod was assessed by duplicating photoperiods at two light intensities (300 and 600 μmol...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725238/a-non-targeted-metabolomics-approach-unravels-the-vocs-associated-with-the-tomato-immune-response-against-pseudomonas-syringae
#16
María Pilar López-Gresa, Purificación Lisón, Laura Campos, Ismael Rodrigo, José Luis Rambla, Antonio Granell, Vicente Conejero, José María Bellés
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plants are secondary metabolites that mediate the plant interaction with pathogens and herbivores. These compounds may perform direct defensive functions, i.e., acting as antioxidant, antibacterial, or antifungal agents, or indirectly by signaling the activation of the plant's defensive responses. Using a non-targeted GC-MS metabolomics approach, we identified the profile of the VOCs associated with the differential immune response of the Rio Grande tomato leaves infected with either virulent or avirulent strains of Pseudomonas syringae DC3000 pv...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725237/a-novel-soybean-dirigent-gene-gmdir22-contributes-to-promotion-of-lignan-biosynthesis-and-enhances-resistance-to-phytophthora-sojae
#17
Ninghui Li, Ming Zhao, Tengfei Liu, Lidong Dong, Qun Cheng, Junjiang Wu, Le Wang, Xi Chen, Chuanzhong Zhang, Wencheng Lu, Pengfei Xu, Shuzhen Zhang
Phytophthora root and stem rot caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae is a destructive disease of soybean worldwide. Plant dirigent proteins (DIR) are proposed to have roles in biosynthesis of either lignan or lignin-like molecules, and are important for defense responses, secondary metabolism, and pathogen resistance. In the present work, a novel DIR gene expressed sequence tag is identified as up-regulated in the highly resistant soybean cultivar 'Suinong 10' inoculated with P. sojae. The full length cDNA is isolated using rapid amplification of cDNA ends, and designated GmDIR22 (GenBank accession no...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725236/the-seed-semipermeable-layer-and-its-relation-to-seed-quality-assessment-in-four-grass-species
#18
Yan Y Lv, Xue Q He, Xiao W Hu, Yan R Wang
The existence of a semipermeable layer in grass seeds has been extensively reported, yet knowledge of its influence on tests for seed viability and vigor that depend upon measurement of electrical conductivity (EC) is limited. This study determined the presence and location of the semipermeable layer, and its relation to seed viability and vigor assessment, in seeds of four important grass species-Elymus nutans Griseb., Lolium perenne L., Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel., and Avena sativa L. Intact seeds of E...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725235/gateway-compatible-crispr-cas9-vectors-and-a-rapid-detection-by-high-resolution-melting-curve-analysis
#19
Cynthia J Denbow, Samantha Lapins, Nick Dietz, Raelynn Scherer, Zachary L Nimchuk, Sakiko Okumoto
CRISPR-Cas9 system rapidly became an indispensable tool in plant biology to perform targeted mutagenesis. A CRISPR-Cas9-mediated double strand break followed by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair most frequently results in a single base pair deletion or insertions (indels), which is hard to detect using methods based on enzymes that detect heteroduplex DNA. In addition, somatic tissues of the T1 generation inevitably contain a mosaic population, in which the portion of cells carrying the mutation can be too small to be detected by the enzyme-based methods...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725234/major-novel-qtl-for-resistance-to-cassava-bacterial-blight-identified-through-a-multi-environmental-analysis
#20
Johana C Soto Sedano, Rubén E Mora Moreno, Boby Mathew, Jens Léon, Fabio A Gómez Cano, Agim Ballvora, Camilo E López Carrascal
Cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz, has been positioned as one of the most promising crops world-wide representing the staple security for more than one billion people mainly in poor countries. Cassava production is constantly threatened by several diseases, including cassava bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam), it is the most destructive disease causing heavy yield losses. Here, we report the detection and localization on the genetic map of cassava QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci) conferring resistance to CBB...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
journal
journal
43743
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"