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Pain Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862074/sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-for-the-treatment-of-acute-migraine-headache
#1
Mohamed Binfalah, Eman Alghawi, Eslam Shosha, Ali Alhilly, Moiz Bakhiet
Transnasal sphenopalatine ganglion block is emerging as is an attractive and effective treatment modality for acute migraine headaches, cluster headache, trigeminal neuralgia, and several other conditions. We assessed the efficacy and safety of this treatment using the Sphenocath® device. 55 patients with acute migraine headaches underwent this procedure, receiving 2 ml of 2% lidocaine in each nostril. Pain numeric rating scale (baseline, 15 minutes, 2 hours, and 24 hours) and patient global impression of change (2 hours and 24 hours after treatment) were recorded...
2018: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850241/prevalence-and-characterization-of-breakthrough-pain-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-south-of-spain-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-observational-study
#2
Luis Miguel Torres, Antonio Javier Jiménez, Ana Cabezón, Manuel Jesús Rodríguez
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is highly prevalent in industrialized countries, where it is one of the main causes of disability. Patients with CLBP in treatment with opioids often experience episodes of breakthrough pain (BTP), but data on prevalence and treatment preferences are scarce. The objectives of this study were, first, the evaluation of the prevalence of BTP in patients with CLBP in the South of Spain ( N = 1,868) and, second, the characterization of BTP in these patients ( N = 295). Data was collected on presence of BTP, type and location of pain, treatment, compliance, and patient satisfaction...
2018: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796314/clinical-features-of-idiopathic-parotid-pain-triggered-by-the-first-bite-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-case-study-of-nine-patients
#3
Masatoshi Chiba, Hiroaki Hirotani, Tetsu Takahashi
Objective: First bite syndrome, characterized by pain in the parotid region after the first bite of each meal, predominantly develops in patients who have had head and neck surgery. Idiopathic parotid pain (IPP) that mimics first bite syndrome may present in patients without a history of surgery or evidence of an underlying tumor, but its clinical features are unclear. This study characterized the clinical characteristics of IPP in patients with diabetes. Study Design: A retrospective case review involving the clinical findings and pain characteristics of nine patients with IPP and diabetes who presented to our department between 2013 and 2016...
2018: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535870/effects-of-a-single-dose-of-parecoxib-on-inflammatory-response-and-ischemic-tubular-injury-caused-by-hemorrhagic-shock-in-rats
#4
Mariana Takaku, Andre Carnevali da Silva, Nathalie Izumi Iritsu, Pedro Thadeu Galvao Vianna, Yara Marcondes Machado Castiglia
Parecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, is used to improve analgesia in postoperative procedures. Here we evaluated whether pretreatment with a single dose of parecoxib affects the function, cell injury, and inflammatory response of the kidney of rats subjected to acute hemorrhage. Inflammatory response was determined according to serum and renal tissue cytokine levels (IL-1 α , IL-1 β , IL-6, IL-10, and TNF- α ). Forty-four adult Wistar rats anesthetized with sevoflurane were randomized into four groups: placebo/no hemorrhage (Plc/NH); parecoxib/no hemorrhage (Pcx/NH); placebo/hemorrhage (Plc/H); and parecoxib/hemorrhage (Pcx/H)...
2018: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464120/pain-and-stress-response-during-intravenous-access-in-children-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-effects-of-emla-and-nitrous-oxide-treatment
#5
K Ekbom
Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an endocrine condition that requires regularly blood samples for optimal treatment. The management of CAH in children is complex when intravenous access is one of the most stressful procedures for children. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of nitrous oxide inhalation (N2O) in combination with cutaneous application of local anesthetics (EMLA) for improving intravenous access in children with CAH. Method: Ten children (7-14 years) were studied...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410915/chronic-pain-and-sleep-disorders-in-primary-care
#6
Robert Jank, Alexander Gallee, Markus Boeckle, Sabine Fiegl, Christoph Pieh
Background: Chronic pain (CP) and sleep disorders (SD) are highly prevalent in the general population. However, comprehensive data regarding the prevalence and characteristics of pain and SD in primary care are rare. Methods: From N = 578 patients N = 570 were included within 8 weeks (mean age: 50.8 ± 18.7 years, females: 289). Sociodemographic data, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and parts of a self-report questionnaire for pain (Multidimensional German Pain Questionnaire) were recorded and additional medical information (pain medication, sleep medication) was gathered from the patient charts...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359045/chronic-pelvic-pain-assessment-evaluation-and-objectivation
#7
REVIEW
Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Vincenzo Pota, Pasquale Sansone, Caterina Aurilio, Lorenzo De Nardis, Maria Caterina Pace
Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) and Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS) have a significant impact on men and women of reproductive and nonreproductive age, with a considerable burden on overall quality of life (QoL) and on psychological, functional, and behavioural status. Moreover, diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties are remarkable features in many patients. Therefore evaluation, assessment and objectivation tools are often necessary to properly address each patient and consequently his/her clinical needs. Here we review the different tools for pain assessment, evaluation, and objectivation; specific features regarding CPP/CPPS will be highlighted...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359044/postherpetic-neuralgia-and-trigeminal-neuralgia
#8
REVIEW
L Feller, R A G Khammissa, J Fourie, M Bouckaert, J Lemmer
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is an unpredictable complication of varicella zoster virus- (VZV-) induced herpes zoster (HZ) which often occurs in elderly and immunocompromised persons and which can induce psychosocial dysfunction and can negatively impact on quality of life. Preventive options for PHN include vaccination of high-risk persons against HZ, early use of antiviral agents, and robust management of pain during the early stage of acute herpes zoster. If it does occur, PHN may persist for months or even years after resolution of the HZ mucocutaneous eruptions, and treatment is often only partially effective...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238618/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-neck-shoulder-and-low-back-pains-among-medical-students-at-university-hospitals-in-central-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdulrahman D Algarni, Yazeed Al-Saran, Ahlam Al-Moawi, Abdullah Bin Dous, Abdulaziz Al-Ahaideb, Shaji John Kachanathu
Aim: The study aim was to determine the prevalence of neck, shoulder, and low-back pains and to explore the factors associated with musculoskeletal pain (MSP) among medical students at university hospitals in central Saudi Arabia. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a government institution using an online self-administered, modified version of the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire in the English language. Results: A total of 469 students responded to our survey...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225969/corrigendum-to-the-role-of-descending-modulation-in-manual-therapy-and-its-analgesic-implications-a-narrative-review
#10
Andrew D Vigotsky, Ryan P Bruhns
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/292805.].
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163990/interventional-pain-management-in-multidisciplinary-chronic-pain-clinics-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study-with-one-year-follow-up
#11
Cláudia Gouvinhas, Dalila Veiga, Liliane Mendonça, Rute Sampaio, Luís Filipe Azevedo, José Manuel Castro-Lopes
Background: Interventional Pain Management (IPM) is performed in multidisciplinary chronic pain clinics (MCPC), including a range of invasive techniques to diagnose and treat chronic pain (CP) conditions. Current patterns of use of those techniques in MCPC have not yet been reported. Objective: We aimed to describe quantitatively and qualitatively the use of IPM and other therapeutic procedures performed on-site at four Portuguese MCPC. Methods: A prospective cohort study with one-year follow-up was performed in adult patients...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093972/pain-processing-and-vegetative-dysfunction-in-fibromyalgia-a-study-by-sympathetic-skin-response-and-laser-evoked-potentials
#12
Marina de Tommaso, Katia Ricci, Giuseppe Libro, Eleonora Vecchio, Marianna Delussi, Anna Montemurno, Giuseppe Lopalco, Florenzo Iannone
Background: A dysfunction of pain processing at central and peripheral levels was reported in fibromyalgia (FM). We aimed to correlate laser evoked potentials (LEPs), Sympathetic Skin Response (SSR), and clinical features in FM patients. Methods: Fifty FM patients and 30 age-matched controls underwent LEPs and SSR by the right hand and foot. The clinical evaluation included FM disability (FIQ) and severity scores (WPI), anxiety (SAS) and depression (SDS) scales, and questionnaires for neuropathic pain (DN4)...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875041/palmitoylethanolamide-in-the-treatment-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#13
Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi, Giuseppe Bentivegna, Sandro Carletti, Alba Piroli, Stefano Coaccioli
INTRODUCTION: This observational study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of ultramicronized palmitoylethanolamide (um-PEA) (Normast®) administration, as add-on therapy for chronic pain, in the management of pain-resistant patients affected by failed back surgery syndrome. METHODS: A total of 35 patients were treated with tapentadol (TPD) and pregabalin (PGB). One month after the start of standard treatment, um-PEA was added for the next two months. Pain was evaluated by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) at the time of enrollment ( T 0 ) and after one ( T 1 ), two ( T 2 ), and three ( T 3 ) months...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634547/kinesiophobia-pain-muscle-functions-and-functional-performances-among-older-persons-with-low-back-pain
#14
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
OBJECTIVES: This study aims (1) to determine the association between kinesiophobia and pain, muscle functions, and functional performances and (2) to determine whether kinesiophobia predicts pain, muscle functions, and functional performance among older persons with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This is a correlational study, involving 63 institutionalized older persons (age = 70.98 ± 7.90 years) diagnosed with LBP. Anthropometric characteristics (BMI) and functional performances (lower limb function, balance and mobility, and hand grip strength) were measured...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367328/association-between-pain-in-adolescence-and-low-back-pain-in-adulthood-studying-a-cohort-of-mine-workers
#15
David Jonsson, Lage Burström, Tohr Nilsson, Jens Wahlström, Hans Pettersson
Purpose. To study the association of self-reported pain in adolescence with low back pain (LBP) in adulthood among mine workers and, also, study associations between the presence of LBP over 12-month or one-month LBP intensity during a health examination and daily ratings of LBP three and nine months later. Methods. Mixed design with data collected retrospectively, cross-sectionally, and prospectively. Data was collected using a questionnaire during a health examination and by using self-reported daily ratings of LBP three and nine months after the examination...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326196/iact-cel-a-feasibility-trial-of-a-face-to-face-and-internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-pain-in-singapore
#16
Su-Yin Yang, Rona Moss-Morris, Lance M McCracken
Psychological interventions are increasingly utilising online or mobile phone based platforms to deliver treatment, including that for people with chronic pain. The aims of this study were to develop an adapted form of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for chronic pain in Singapore and to test the feasibility of elements of this treatment delivered via the internet and email. Methods. Thirty-three participants recruited from a tertiary pain management clinic and via the clinic website participated in this program over a period of five weeks with a 3-month follow-up...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321335/quantitative-thermal-testing-profiles-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-response-to-topical-capsaicin-in-patients-with-localized-neuropathic-pain
#17
A Serrano, D Torres, M Veciana, C Caro, J Montero, V Mayoral
There are no reliable predictors of response to treatment with capsaicin. Given that capsaicin application causes heat sensation, differences in quantitative thermal testing (QTT) profiles may predict treatment response. The aim of this study was to determine whether different QTT profiles could predict treatment outcomes in patients with localized peripheral neuropathic pain (PeLNP). We obtained from medical records QTT results and treatment outcomes of 55 patients treated between 2010 and 2013. Warm sensation threshold (WST) and heat pain threshold (HPT) values were assessed at baseline at the treatment site and in the asymptomatic, contralateral area...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191351/evaluating-the-measurement-properties-of-the-self-assessment-of-treatment-version-ii-follow-up-version-in-patients-with-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#18
Floortje van Nooten, Dylan Trundell, Dorota Staniewska, Jun Chen, Evan W Davies, Dennis A Revicki
Background. The Self-Assessment of Treatment version II (SAT II) measures treatment-related improvements in pain and impacts and impressions of treatment in neuropathic pain patients. The measure has baseline and follow-up versions. This study assesses the measurement properties of the SAT II. Methods. Data from 369 painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) patients from a phase III trial assessing capsaicin 8% patch (Qutenza®) efficacy and safety were used in these analyses. Reliability, convergent validity, known-groups validity, and responsiveness (using the Brief Pain Inventory-Diabetic Neuropathy [BPI-DN] and Patient Global Impression of Change [PGIC]) analyses were conducted, and minimally important differences (MID) were estimated...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070420/the-effectiveness-of-aromatherapy-in-reducing-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Shaheen E Lakhan, Heather Sheafer, Deborah Tepper
Background. Aromatherapy refers to the medicinal or therapeutic use of essential oils absorbed through the skin or olfactory system. Recent literature has examined the effectiveness of aromatherapy in treating pain. Methods. 12 studies examining the use of aromatherapy for pain management were identified through an electronic database search. A meta-analysis was performed to determine the effects of aromatherapy on pain. Results. There is a significant positive effect of aromatherapy (compared to placebo or treatments as usual controls) in reducing pain reported on a visual analog scale (SMD = -1...
2016: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025623/response-to-comment-on-cost-saving-early-diagnosis-of-functional-pain-in-nonmalignant-pain-a-noninferiority-study-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#20
COMMENT
N Egloff, R J Cámara, C Merz, B Wegmann, S Stauber, R von Känel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pain Research and Treatment
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