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Rehabilitation Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018825/comparisons-of-the-health-benefits-of-strength-training-aqua-fitness-and-aerobic-exercise-for-the-elderly
#1
Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, Anxela Soto-Rodríguez, Ignacio Pérez-Ribao, José L García-Soidán
Objective: To compare strength training, aqua-fitness, and aerobic exercise programs to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of the activities in older people. Design: Double-blind randomized trial. Setting: Controlled clinical environment. Participants: 108 people: 54 female paired with a male of the same age (average age of 65.5 ± 5.6 years). Interventions: Three exercise programs (aqua-fitness, aerobic exercise, and strength training) for six months...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018824/validation-of-activity-tracking-procedures-in-elderly-patients-after-operative-treatment-of-proximal-femur-fractures
#2
Hagen Schmal, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Kaywan Izadpanah, Jan Christian Brønd, Carsten Fladmose Madsen, Jens Lauritsen
Background: Early postoperative physical activity in elderly patients suffering from proximal femoral fractures may reduce mortality. We hypothesized that activity trackers can reliably and objectively monitor the in-hospital mobilization, correlating with functional independence and quality of life. Methods: Three different tracker types (Fitbit™ flex, Misfit™ Shine, and Axivity AX3) at three locations (wrist, ankle, and femur) recorded steps and signal vector magnitudes (SVM) in 22 patients...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971166/acute-whole-body-vibration-decreases-the-glucose-levels-in-elderly-diabetic-women
#3
Maíra Florentino Pessoa, Helga C Muniz de Souza, Alanna P Vasconcelos da Silva, Rafaela Dos Santos Clemente, Daniella Cunha Brandão, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade
Type II diabetes (TIIDM) is characterized by high levels of blood glucose followed by excessive insulin release so that the target cells become less sensitive, developing insulin resistance and maintaining hyperglycemic levels. Physical activity is the strongest element to prevent and to manage the TIIDM, and the majority of patients do not remain in regularly active levels, because the premature fatigue in these patients decreases the adherence to the training. Contrastingly, the whole body vibration (WBV) training may improve the glucose metabolism in diabetic patients, reducing the peripheral blood sugar, decreasing the physical discomfort and perceived exertion...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888007/feasibility-safety-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-home-based-self-managed-high-intensity-interval-training-program-offered-to-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users
#4
Cindy Gauthier, Rachel Brosseau, Audrey L Hicks, Dany H Gagnon
Objectives: To investigate and compare the feasibility, safety, and preliminary effectiveness of home-based self-managed manual wheelchair high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) programs. Methods: Eleven manual wheelchair users were randomly assigned to the HIIT ( n = 6) or the MICT group ( n = 5). Both six-week programs consisted of three 40-minute propulsion training sessions per week. The HIIT group alternated between 30 s high-intensity intervals and 60 s low-intensity intervals, whereas the MICT group maintained a constant moderate intensity...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850254/whole-body-vibration-does-not-seem-to-affect-postural-control-in-healthy-active-older-women
#5
P S C Gomes, M O Campos, L F Oliveira, R G T Mello, I A Fernandes
Objective: This study investigated the acute residual effects induced by different frequencies of whole-body vibration (WBV) on postural control of elderly women. Design: Thirty physically active elderly women (67 ± 5 years) were randomly divided into three groups: two experimental groups (high WBV frequency: 45 Hz and 4 mm amplitude, n = 10; low WBV frequency: 30 Hz and 4 mm amplitude, n = 10) and one control group ( n = 10), with no treatment. The participants were first subjected to stabilometry tests and were then guided through three sets of isometric partial squats for 60 s while the WBV stimulation was applied...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850253/the-relationship-between-physical-fitness-and-simulated-firefighting-task-performance
#6
Goris Nazari, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden, Tom J Overend
The overall aim of this study was to measure the physiological responses of firefighters from a single fire service during simulated functional firefighting tasks and to establish the relationship between physical fitness parameters and task performance. 46 males and 3 females firefighters were recruited. Firefighters' aerobic capacity levels were estimated using the Modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test (mCAFT). Grip strength levels, as a measure of upper body strength levels, were assessed using a calibrated J-Tech dynamometer...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755790/the-effect-of-a-textured-insole-on-symmetry-of-turning
#7
Etem Curuk, Yunju Lee, Alexander S Aruin
Turning while walking is a common daily activity. Individuals with unilateral impairment frequently perform turns asymmetrically. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of a discomfort-inducing textured insole on symmetry of turning. Nine healthy individuals performed turns to the right while walking with no insole, immediately after the insole was inserted in the right shoe, and after walking for six minutes with the insole. The duration of turning, displacements of pelvic markers, and perceived level of discomfort were evaluated...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721339/the-effect-of-therapeutic-exercise-on-long-standing-adductor-related-groin-pain-in-athletes-modified-h%C3%A3-lmich-protocol
#8
Abbas Yousefzadeh, Azadeh Shadmehr, Gholam Reza Olyaei, Nasrin Naseri, Zahra Khazaeipour
Objective: The Hölmich protocol in therapeutic exercise is the most appropriate method for the treatment of long-standing adductor-related groin pain (LSAGP). Herein, we evaluated a modified Hölmich protocol to resolve the possible limitations intrinsic to the Hölmich protocol in terms of the rate of return to sport and the recovery period for athletes with LSAGP. Design: The study followed a single-blind, before/after study design, where 15 athletes with LSAGP (mean age = 26...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593910/patients-and-health-professionals-experiences-of-using-virtual-reality-technology-for-upper-limb-training-after-stroke-a-qualitative-substudy
#9
Hanne Pallesen, Mette Brændstrup Andersen, Gunhild Mo Hansen, Camilla Biering Lundquist, Iris Brunner
Background: In recent years, virtual reality (VR) therapy systems for upper limb training after stroke have been increasingly used in clinical practice. Therapy systems employing VR technology can enhance the intensity of training and can also boost patients' motivation by adding a playful element to therapy. However, reports on user experiences are still scarce. Methods: A qualitative investigation of patients' and therapists' perspectives on VR upper limb training...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535874/partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia
#10
Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Camilla Polonini Martins, Carlos Henrique Ramos Horsczaruk, Débora Cristina Lima da Silva, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, Agnaldo José Lopes, Míriam Raquel Meira Mainenti, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
Background and Purpose: The motor impairments related to gait and balance have a huge impact on the life of individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). Here, the aim was to assess the possibility of retraining gait, improving cardiopulmonary capacity, and challenging balance during gait in SCA using a partial body weight support (BWS) and a treadmill. Also, the effects of this training over functionality and quality of life were investigated. Methods: Eight SCA patients were engaged in the first stage of the study that focused on gait training and cardiovascular conditioning...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430307/pre-and-postintervention-factor-structure-of-functional-independence-measure-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Mikhail Saltychev, Janne Lähdesmäki, Petteri Jokinen, Katri Laimi
Objective: To evaluate the factor structure of Functional Independence Measure (FIM®) scale amongst people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: This was a retrospective, register-based cohort study on 155 rehabilitants with SCI. FIM was assessed at the beginning and at the end of multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation. The internal consistency of the FIM was assessed with Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis was employed to approximate the construct structure of FIM...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348939/effect-of-insoles-with-a-toe-grip-bar-on-toe-function-and-standing-balance-in-healthy-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Hideki Nakano, Shin Murata, Teppei Abiko, Masashi Sakamoto, Dai Matsuo, Michio Kawaguchi, Youji Sugo, Hiroaki Matsui
Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled study was to investigate the effects of insoles with a toe-grip bar on toe function and standing balance in healthy young women. Methods: Thirty female subjects were randomly assigned to an intervention group or a control group. The intervention group wore shoes with insoles with a toe-grip bar. The control group wore shoes with general insoles. Both groups wore the shoes for 4 weeks, 5 times per week, 9 hours per day...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225972/modulation-of-h-reflex-depression-with-paired-pulse-stimulation-in-healthy-active-humans
#13
Preeti D Oza, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Richard K Shields
Depression of the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) is used to examine spinal control mechanisms during exercise, fatigue, and vibration and in response to training. H-reflex depression protocols frequently use trains of stimuli; this is time-consuming and prevents instantaneous assessment of motor neuronal excitability. The purpose of this study was to determine if paired-pulse H-reflex depression is reproducible and whether paired-pulse stimulation adequately estimates the depression induced by the more traditional ten-pulse train...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209539/proposing-development-and-utility-of-a-mobility-composite-measure-in-patients-with-a-neurologic-disorder
#14
Chad Swank, Sattam Almutairi, Ann Medley
Background: Outcome measures typically assess single domains making holistic assessment difficult. Our purpose was to develop a mobility composite measure (MCM) based on four commonly used outcome measures and compare this composite score to the individual measures in patients with neurologic disorders. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 148 medical records for inclusion of primary neurologic diagnosis and scoring for 5 times sit-to-stand test (5TSST), 10-meter walk test (10MWT), 2-minute walk test (2MWT), and activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098087/exergame-grading-scheme-concept-development-and-preliminary-psychometric-evaluations-in-cancer-survivors
#15
Hsiao-Lan Wang, Chiung-Ju Liu, Marcus Kilpatrick, Heather Jim, Susan McMillan, Nisha Vijayakumar, Sally McDonald, Tapan Padhya, Jeffery Russell, Karen Vondruska, Constance Visovsky
The challenge of using exergames to promote physical activity among cancer survivors lies in the selection of the exergames that match their fitness level. There is a need for a standardized grading scheme by which to judge an exergame's capacity to address specific physical fitness attributes with different levels of physical engagement. The study aimed to develop an Exergame Grading Scheme and preliminarily evaluate its psychometric properties. Fourteen (14) items were created from the human movement and exergame literature...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082044/effect-of-modified-shaker-exercise-on-the-amplitude-and-duration-of-swallowing-sounds-evidence-from-cervical-auscultation
#16
Sonia Babu, Radish Kumar Balasubramaniam, Ancy Varghese
OBJECTIVE: Anecdotal evidence shows that the Shaker exercise and its modifications improve pharyngeal muscle contraction. However, there is no experimental evidence for the same. Thus, the present study examined the effect of modified Shaker exercise on the amplitude and duration of pharyngeal muscle contraction using cervical auscultation. DESIGN: The study follows a cross-sectional study design, where 50 healthy individuals (23 males and 27 females) performed modified Shaker exercise and noneffortful swallow during 10 ml water swallowing...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536658/understanding-the-connection-between-cognitive-impairment-and-mobility-what-can-be-gained-from-neuropsychological-assessment
#17
Marykay A Pavol, Joel Stein, Foyruz M Kabir, Jonathan Yip, Lyssa Y Sorkin, Randolph S Marshall, Ronald M Lazar
The ability of neuropsychological tests to predict rehabilitation outcome is unclear, particularly when other ratings of cognition are available. Neuropsychological test scores and functional ratings of cognition (Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Cognition score) were used to predict improvement in patient mobility and self-care skill, as measured by the FIM Motor score. Regression models used both raw neuropsychology test scores and age-adjusted scores. Retrospective chart review was performed for patients on an inpatient rehabilitation unit and referred for neuropsychological assessment...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529804/unilateral-discomfort-increases-the-use-of-contralateral-side-during-sit-to-stand-transfer
#18
Simisola O Oludare, Charlie C Ma, Alexander S Aruin
Individuals with unilateral impairment perform symmetrical movements asymmetrically. Restoring symmetry of movements is an important goal of rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of using discomfort-inducing devices on movement symmetry. Fifteen healthy individuals performed the sit-to-stand (STS) maneuver using devices inducing unilateral discomfort under the left sole and left thigh or right sole and right thigh and without them. 3D body kinematics, ground reaction forces, electrical activity of muscles, and the level of perceived discomfort were recorded...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491477/the-effect-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-on-ground-reaction-forces-during-straight-walking-in-stroke-survivors
#19
Amirah Mustapa, Maria Justine, Nadia Mohd Mustafah, Haidzir Manaf
Purpose. The aim of this present study was to investigate the ground reaction forces (GRFs) alterations in stroke survivors with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Methods. Ten stroke survivors with DPN, 10 stroke survivors without DPN, and 10 healthy controls with matched body weight between groups participated in this case-control cross-sectional study. Three-dimensional GRFs (anterior-posterior, medial-lateral, and vertical) were collected at a comfortable walking speed using the Nexus Vicon motion analysis system and force plate...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386484/an-examination-of-women-s-self-presentation-social-physique-anxiety-and-setting-preferences-during-injury-rehabilitation
#20
Molly V Driediger, Carly D McKay, Craig R Hall
Objectives. This study investigated whether women experience self-presentational concerns related to rehabilitation settings and explored preferences for characteristics of the social and physical treatment environment in relation to women's Social Physique Anxiety (SPA). Methods. Two cross-sectional studies were conducted. In Study 1, female undergraduate students (n = 134) completed four questionnaires (Social Physique Anxiety Scale; three bespoke questionnaires assessing self-presentation in rehabilitation and social and physical environment preferences) with respect to hypothetical rehabilitation scenarios...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
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