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Rehabilitation Research and Practice

Nelly Darbois, Albin Guillaud, Nicolas Pinsault
Background: Mirror therapy has been used in rehabilitation for multiple indications since the 1990s. Current evidence supports some of these indications, particularly for cerebrovascular accidents in adults and cerebral palsy in children. Since 2000s, computerized or robotic mirror therapy has been developed and marketed. Objectives: To map the extent, nature, and rationale of research activity in robotic or computerized mirror therapy and the type of evidence available for any indication...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Jolita Rapolienė, Erika Endzelytė, Indrė Jasevičienė, Raimondas Savickas
Introduction: Individuals who have experienced stroke are often described as apathetic, having lost of interest, and unmotivated. This might be a problem in achieving treatment results. It is still unclear what impact age and gender have on the motivation. The Aim of Research: To evaluate motivation influence on the effectiveness of occupational therapy in patients with stroke. Methods: Study included 30 patients who experienced acute stroke...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Kaspar Herren, Stefan Schmid, Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger
Introduction: Stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) devices are promising sensorimotor interventions to address muscle weakness and to improve balance and mobility particularly in the elderly. However, it remains inconclusive whether individuals with stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) can profit from this method. The aim of this prospective single-blind randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effects of SR-WBV on muscle strength as well as gait and balance performance in this population...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Cosimo Costantino, Federica Petraglia, Laura Luigia Sabetta, Riccardo Giumelli
Background and Purpose: Recently new technologies and new techniques, such as Whole Body Vibration (WBV), have been introduced by the health and fitness industry to pursue therapeutic or physical performance goals. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of single or multiple WBV sessions alone or in association with traditional rehabilitation, compared to traditional rehabilitation therapy or with sham therapy in poststroke patients. Methods: Randomized Control Trials and controlled clinical trials written in English between January 1st, 2003, and December 31st, 2017, were selected from PubMed, Cochrane-Central-Register-of-Controlled-Trials, and Physiotherapy-Evidence-Database (PEDro)...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Maiken Bay Ravn, Tinna Klingberg, Kirsten Schultz Petersen
Introduction: The background of this study is the pilot testing of the Adolescent /Adult Sensory Profile (A/ASP) in dementia units at municipal nursing homes. Based on the results from therapists' A/ASP assessment, recommendations are made according to individual needs and forwarded to the health care providers. This study looks into the health care providers' perspective on the usability of these recommendations. Aim: The aim of this qualitative study is to explore the health care providers' perspective on the usability of recommendations derived from the A/ASP during a pilot testing of the profile in dementia units for people living with severe dementia...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Edem Korkor Appiah-Dwomoh, Steffen Müller, Frank Mayer
Static (one-legged stance) and dynamic (star excursion balance) postural control tests were performed by 14 adolescent athletes with and 17 without back pain to determine reproducibility. The total displacement, mediolateral and anterior-posterior displacements of the centre of pressure in mm for the static, and the normalized and composite reach distances for the dynamic tests were analysed. Intraclass correlation coefficients, 95% confidence intervals, and a Bland-Altman analysis were calculated for reproducibility...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Vanessa K S Lage, Ana Cristina R Lacerda, Camila D C Neves, Maria Gabriela A Chaves, Aline A Soares, Liliana P Lima, Jeanne B Martins, Mariana A Matos, Érica L M Vieira, Antônio L Teixeira, Hércules R Leite, Vinicius Cunha Oliveira, Vanessa A Mendonça
Whole-body vibration (WBV) has gained prominence in the rehabilitation of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) because it is a safe and low intensity exercise that promises beneficial effects on physical performance and quality of life. However, its effects on plasma cytokine levels in COPD are still unclear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the acute effects of WBV on inflammatory biomarkers in people with COPD. Twenty-six participants, COPD people (n=13) and healthy controls (n=13), were included...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Marietta L van der Linden, Georgia Andreopoulou, Judy Scopes, Julie E Hooper, Thomas H Mercer
Foot drop is a common gait impairment in people with MS (pwMS) but in some foot drop may only occur after a period of prolonged walking and may be a sign of motor fatigability. The purpose of the study was to explore whether, for pwMS, an adapted six-minute walk test (6minWT) would result in an increase in foot drop as measured using electrogoniometry. Sagittal ankle kinematics were recorded for fifteen participants (10 females and 5 males, aged 37-64) with MS (EDSS 4-6) throughout the 6minWT. Ankle kinematics and temporal stride parameters were compared between the first and last 10 gait cycles of the 6minWT...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Anne Marie Dahler
Contemporary policy strategies frame welfare technologies as a solution for welfare states facing the challenges of demographic change. Technologies are supposed to reduce or substitute the work of care workers and thereby reduce attrition among their ranks, reduce costs, and at the same make elderly people self-reliant and independent. In this paper, it is suggested that this way of framing how welfare technologies work with elderly people holds an instrumental view of technologies as well as of bodies and needs to be challenged...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Bekir Serhat Yildiz, Gulin Findikoglu, Yusuf Izzettin Alihanoglu, Ismail Dogu Kilic, Harun Evrengul, Hande Senol
Aim: This study was designed to assess the effect of patient education on the knowledge of safety and awareness about living with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) within the context of phase I cardiac rehabilitation. Methods: The study was conducted with 28 newly implanted CIED patients who were included in "education group (EG)". Patients were questioned with a survey about living with CIEDs and electromagnetic interference (EMI) before and 1 month after an extensive constructed interview...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, Anxela Soto-Rodríguez, Ignacio Pérez-Ribao, José L García-Soidán
Objective: To compare strength training, aqua-fitness, and aerobic exercise programs to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of the activities in older people. Design: Double-blind randomized trial. Setting: Controlled clinical environment. Participants: 108 people: 54 female paired with a male of the same age (average age of 65.5 ± 5.6 years). Interventions: Three exercise programs (aqua-fitness, aerobic exercise, and strength training) for six months...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Hagen Schmal, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Kaywan Izadpanah, Jan Christian Brønd, Carsten Fladmose Madsen, Jens Lauritsen
Background: Early postoperative physical activity in elderly patients suffering from proximal femoral fractures may reduce mortality. We hypothesized that activity trackers can reliably and objectively monitor the in-hospital mobilization, correlating with functional independence and quality of life. Methods: Three different tracker types (Fitbit™ flex, Misfit™ Shine, and Axivity AX3) at three locations (wrist, ankle, and femur) recorded steps and signal vector magnitudes (SVM) in 22 patients...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Maíra Florentino Pessoa, Helga C Muniz de Souza, Alanna P Vasconcelos da Silva, Rafaela Dos Santos Clemente, Daniella Cunha Brandão, Armèle Dornelas de Andrade
Type II diabetes (TIIDM) is characterized by high levels of blood glucose followed by excessive insulin release so that the target cells become less sensitive, developing insulin resistance and maintaining hyperglycemic levels. Physical activity is the strongest element to prevent and to manage the TIIDM, and the majority of patients do not remain in regularly active levels, because the premature fatigue in these patients decreases the adherence to the training. Contrastingly, the whole body vibration (WBV) training may improve the glucose metabolism in diabetic patients, reducing the peripheral blood sugar, decreasing the physical discomfort and perceived exertion...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Cindy Gauthier, Rachel Brosseau, Audrey L Hicks, Dany H Gagnon
Objectives: To investigate and compare the feasibility, safety, and preliminary effectiveness of home-based self-managed manual wheelchair high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) programs. Methods: Eleven manual wheelchair users were randomly assigned to the HIIT ( n = 6) or the MICT group ( n = 5). Both six-week programs consisted of three 40-minute propulsion training sessions per week. The HIIT group alternated between 30 s high-intensity intervals and 60 s low-intensity intervals, whereas the MICT group maintained a constant moderate intensity...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
P S C Gomes, M O Campos, L F Oliveira, R G T Mello, I A Fernandes
Objective: This study investigated the acute residual effects induced by different frequencies of whole-body vibration (WBV) on postural control of elderly women. Design: Thirty physically active elderly women (67 ± 5 years) were randomly divided into three groups: two experimental groups (high WBV frequency: 45 Hz and 4 mm amplitude, n = 10; low WBV frequency: 30 Hz and 4 mm amplitude, n = 10) and one control group ( n = 10), with no treatment. The participants were first subjected to stabilometry tests and were then guided through three sets of isometric partial squats for 60 s while the WBV stimulation was applied...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Goris Nazari, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden, Tom J Overend
The overall aim of this study was to measure the physiological responses of firefighters from a single fire service during simulated functional firefighting tasks and to establish the relationship between physical fitness parameters and task performance. 46 males and 3 females firefighters were recruited. Firefighters' aerobic capacity levels were estimated using the Modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test (mCAFT). Grip strength levels, as a measure of upper body strength levels, were assessed using a calibrated J-Tech dynamometer...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Etem Curuk, Yunju Lee, Alexander S Aruin
Turning while walking is a common daily activity. Individuals with unilateral impairment frequently perform turns asymmetrically. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of a discomfort-inducing textured insole on symmetry of turning. Nine healthy individuals performed turns to the right while walking with no insole, immediately after the insole was inserted in the right shoe, and after walking for six minutes with the insole. The duration of turning, displacements of pelvic markers, and perceived level of discomfort were evaluated...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Abbas Yousefzadeh, Azadeh Shadmehr, Gholam Reza Olyaei, Nasrin Naseri, Zahra Khazaeipour
Objective: The Hölmich protocol in therapeutic exercise is the most appropriate method for the treatment of long-standing adductor-related groin pain (LSAGP). Herein, we evaluated a modified Hölmich protocol to resolve the possible limitations intrinsic to the Hölmich protocol in terms of the rate of return to sport and the recovery period for athletes with LSAGP. Design: The study followed a single-blind, before/after study design, where 15 athletes with LSAGP (mean age = 26...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Hanne Pallesen, Mette Brændstrup Andersen, Gunhild Mo Hansen, Camilla Biering Lundquist, Iris Brunner
Background: In recent years, virtual reality (VR) therapy systems for upper limb training after stroke have been increasingly used in clinical practice. Therapy systems employing VR technology can enhance the intensity of training and can also boost patients' motivation by adding a playful element to therapy. However, reports on user experiences are still scarce. Methods: A qualitative investigation of patients' and therapists' perspectives on VR upper limb training...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Camilla Polonini Martins, Carlos Henrique Ramos Horsczaruk, Débora Cristina Lima da Silva, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, Agnaldo José Lopes, Míriam Raquel Meira Mainenti, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
Background and Purpose: The motor impairments related to gait and balance have a huge impact on the life of individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA). Here, the aim was to assess the possibility of retraining gait, improving cardiopulmonary capacity, and challenging balance during gait in SCA using a partial body weight support (BWS) and a treadmill. Also, the effects of this training over functionality and quality of life were investigated. Methods: Eight SCA patients were engaged in the first stage of the study that focused on gait training and cardiovascular conditioning...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
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