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Risk Management and Healthcare Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398924/implementing-a-geographical-information-system-to-assess-endemic-fluoride-areas-in-lamphun-thailand
#1
Nonthaphat Theerawasttanasiri, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Wichain Pingchai, Yuwaree Nimchareon, Sangworn Sriwichai
Introduction: Many studies have shown that fluoride can cross the placenta and that exposure to high fluoride during pregnancy may result in premature birth and/or a low birth weight. Lamphun is one of six provinces in Thailand where natural water fluoride (WF) concentrations >10.0 mg/L were found, and it was also found that >50% of households used water with high fluoride levels. Nevertheless, geographical information system (GIS) and maps of endemic fluoride areas are lacking...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317849/is-medical-treatment-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-a-stag-hunt-challenges-and-opportunities-in-managing-risk-and-uncertainty-in-addiction-cessation
#2
Roger Lee Mendoza
Purpose: While the individual and social costs of alcoholism or alcohol use disorder are well established, few are aware that medical problems can arise during detoxification, some of which can be life-threatening. This study determines if sustained treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) might be based on the strategic choices and expectations of patients and health care providers alike, as well as the risk mitigation options available to them. Design/approach: AWS was modeled as a Stag Hunt to explain both risk and decision-making in medical treatments for detoxification, since it can deduce a set of equilibrium strategies available to both patient and provider...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403320/opinions-practice-patterns-and-perceived-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-among-attending-and-resident-primary-care-physicians
#3
Louise M Henderson, Laura M Jones, Mary W Marsh, Alison T Brenner, Adam O Goldstein, Thad S Benefield, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Paul L Molina, M Patricia Rivera, Daniel S Reuland
Introduction: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommended annual lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for high-risk patients in December 2013. We compared lung cancer screening-related opinions and practices among attending and resident primary care physicians (PCPs). Methods: In 2015, we conducted a 23-item survey among physicians at a large academic medical center. We surveyed 100 resident PCPs (30% response rate) and 86 attending PCPs (49% response rate) in Family Medicine and Internal Medicine...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270036/the-nhs-bowel-cancer-screening-program-current-perspectives-on-strategies-for-improvement
#4
REVIEW
Sara Koo, Laura Jane Neilson, Christian Von Wagner, Colin John Rees
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the UK. The English National Health Service (NHS) Bowel Cancer Screening Program (BCSP) was introduced in 2006 to improve CRC mortality by earlier detection of CRC. It is now offered to patients aged 60-74 years and involves a home-based guaiac fecal occult blood test (gFOBt) biennially, and if positive, patients are offered a colonoscopy. This has been associated with a 15% reduction in mortality. In 2013, an additional arm to BCSP was introduced, Bowelscope...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860882/health-promotion-psychological-distress-and-disease-prevention-in-the-workplace-a-cross-sectional-study-of-italian-adults
#5
Tiziana Ramaci, Monica Pellerone, Caterina Ledda, Venerando Rapisarda
BACKGROUND: Job insecurity resulting from new types of employment contracts, together with organizational dynamics such as restructuring and internationalization, is emerging as an important source of organizational and individual stress, often transforming the workplace into a hostile and, above all, extremely demanding context from a psychological point of view. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the possible relationships between individual and organizational dimensions of work (such as engagement, autonomy, personal and collective efficacy at work, and satisfaction) and their impact on stress levels...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860881/aviation-s-normal-operations-safety-audit-a-safety-management-and-educational-tool-for-health-care-results-of-a-small-scale-trial
#6
Simon A Bennett
BACKGROUND: A National Health Service (NHS) contingent liability for medical error claims of over £26 billion. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety management and educational benefits of adapting aviation's Normal Operations Safety Audit (NOSA) to health care. METHODS: In vivo research, a NOSA was performed by medical students at an English NHS Trust. After receiving training from the author, the students spent 6 days gathering data under his supervision...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848367/assessment-of-counseling-practice-in-medicine-retail-outlets-in-mekelle-city-northern-ethiopia
#7
Yared Belete Belay, Terefe Teshome Kassa, Abraham Gebregziabiher Welie, Merafe Samuel Alemayehu, Fantaye Teka Dinkashe
INTRODUCTION: Patient counseling can ideally be providing medication information orally or in written form to patients or their attendants, and it helps to form a concordant approach on encouraging patient involvement in the pharmaceutical care process and to explore patient's knowledge and understanding. Lack of adequate knowledge on drugs and up-to-date drug information are the major factor that hinders counseling services. This study assessed counseling practice of pharmacy professionals in Mekelle City...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831275/beneficiaries-of-conflict-a-qualitative-study-of-people-s-trust-in-the-private-health-care-system-in-mogadishu-somalia
#8
Abdi A Gele, Mohamed Yusuf Ahmed, Prabhjot Kour, Sadiyo Ali Moallim, Abdulwahab Moallim Salad, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the World Health Conference called for all nations to move toward universal health coverage, which is defined as "access to adequate health care for all at an affordable price". Despite this, an estimated 90% of Somalia's largely impoverished population use private health care. Therefore, considering that the private health care system is the dominant health care system in Mogadishu, Somalia, exploring the accessibility to, as well as people's trust in, the private sector is essential to help contribute an equitable and affordable health care system in the country...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652834/fractures-in-kuwait-incidence-and-distribution
#9
Fawaz Y Azizieh
The absence of descriptive epidemiological data on the frequency and distribution of fractures in a population is serious and may underestimate the actual importance of this public health problem. In this study, we report the crude and standardized incidence rates of fractures in the population of Kuwait during the period 2009-2012. Using the Ministry of Public Health's national registry, demographic data of all fracture cases between 2009 and 2012 were retrieved. These were further categorized into fractures at the hip or any other sites...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615981/human-taeniasis-current-insights-into-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-endemic-countries
#10
REVIEW
Anna L Okello, Lian Francesca Thomas
Human taeniasis is a zoonotic condition resulting from infection with the adult stages of Taenia saginata ("beef tapeworm"), Taenia solium ("pork tapeworm") or Taenia asiatica ("Asian tapeworm"). Although these parasites have a worldwide distribution, the overwhelming burden is felt by communities in low- and middle-income countries. This is particularly true for T. solium, whereby infection of the central nervous system with the larval stage of the parasite (neurocysticercosis) is a major cause of acquired epilepsy in low-resource settings...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615980/household-flood-preparedness-and-associated-factors-in-the-flood-prone-community-of-dembia-district-amhara-national-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia
#11
Baye Ashenefe, Mamo Wubshet, Alemayehu Shimeka
BACKGROUND: Flood preparedness empowers the community to respond effectively to related hazards. However, there was no research done in the country concerning household flood preparedness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess household flood preparedness and associated factors in the flood-prone community of Dembia district, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2014 in the Dembia district...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579841/handover-checklist-testing-a-standardization-process-in-an-italian-hospital
#12
Davide Ferorelli, Teresa Giandola, Mariangela Laterza, Biagio Solarino, Angela Pezzolla, Fiorenza Zotti, Alessandro Dell'Erba
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to standardize and rationalize the handover, a critical and essential moment in common health care practices, through the realization of an efficient and standardized checklist, which could be used daily to ensure complete, thorough and effective handover. The principal purpose of the implementation of the handover is to reduce errors due to superficial and insufficient communication. METHODS: The "operative group" defined the phases to the realization of the delineated aims: at first, the direct observation and the consequent realization of a handover checklist model and then, the experimental phases (trials)...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546778/good-intentions-getting-out-of-hand-is-there-a-future-for-health-care-guidelines
#13
Louise Hk Blume, Nico Jhw van Weert, Jamiu O Busari, Diana Mj Delnoij
To date, the focus of research on guidelines has been directed toward professionals, and hospitals have merely served as the context. Little research has been performed on the dilemmas of guideline adherence in hospitals, as a setting in which multiple professional guidelines have to be implemented simultaneously; also, it is still unclear which clinical guidelines have to be aligned with other external demands, such as rules, regulations, standards, indicators, norms, and so on. Hence, different ways of studying the issue of guideline implementation are called for...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546777/effectiveness-of-a-participatory-eye-care-program-in-reducing-eye-strain-among-staff-computer-users-in-thailand
#14
Sudaw Lertwisuttipaiboon, Tepanata Pumpaibool, Karl J Neeser, Ngamjit Kasetsuwan
BACKGROUND: The increased usage of computers results in a variety of health problems, particularly eye strain, which is the most common workplace complaint today. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory eye care (PEC) program by comparing eye care knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP), as well as eye strain symptoms in staff computer users at Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Thailand. METHODS: A participatory approach was held by organizing a meeting of 26 stakeholders to get opinions for developing the PEC program...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546776/economic-burden-of-hospitalizations-of-medicare-beneficiaries-with-heart-failure
#15
Meredith Kilgore, Harshali K Patel, Adrian Kielhorn, Juan F Maya, Pradeep Sharma
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the costs associated with the hospitalization and the cumulative 30-, 60-, and 90-day readmission rates in a cohort of Medicare beneficiaries with heart failure (HF). METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study based on data from the national 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries. Inpatient data were gathered for Medicare beneficiaries with at least one HF-related hospitalization between July 1, 2005, and December 31, 2011...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458588/evolution-and-complexity-of-government-policies-to-protect-the-health-of-undocumented-illegal-migrants-in-thailand-the-unsolved-challenges
#16
Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Weerasak Putthasri, Phusit Prakongsai, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Of the 65 million residents in Thailand, >1.5 million are undocumented/illegal migrants from neighboring countries. Despite several policies being launched to improve access to care for these migrants, policy implementation has always faced numerous challenges. This study aimed to investigate the policy makers' views on the challenges of implementing policies to protect the health of undocumented/illegal migrants in light of the dynamics of all of the migrant policies in Thailand...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442938/environmental-arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-diabetes-type-2-in-ron-phibun-subdistrict-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-thailand-unmatched-and-matched-case-control-studies
#17
Kwanyuen Sripaoraya, Wattasit Siriwong, Sumol Pavittranon, Robert S Chapman
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent findings on associations between low-to-moderate level of arsenic in water and diabetes risk from previous epidemiological reports. In Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand, a low level of arsenic exposure among population was observed and increased diabetes mellitus (DM) rate was identified. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between determinants (including low-level water arsenic exposure) of DM type 2 risk among residents of three villages of Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435342/patient-web-portals-disease-management-and-primary-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Steven S Coughlin, Judith J Prochaska, Lovoria B Williams, Gina M Besenyi, Vahé Heboyan, D Stephen Goggans, Wonsuk Yoo, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: Efforts aimed at health care reform and continued advances in information technologies have prompted interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals. Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer the patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. METHODS: This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews important developments in web portals for primary and secondary disease prevention, including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records, disease-specific portals, health disparities, and health-related community web portals...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331378/legislative-activity-related-to-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-in-the-united-states-2006-2015-a-need-for-evidence-based-policy
#19
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emma M Mitchell, Pamela B DeGuzman, Mark H Stoler, Christine Kennedy
State-based policies to mandate HPV vaccination are politically challenging and have received broad criticisms. There is a critical need to understand the legislative activities that underpin subsequent policy implementation. The objective of this policy analysis was to analyze state legislation that focused on HPV vaccination from 2006-2015. A content analysis was conducted among primary sources of legislative data from HPV vaccine-related bills, including using the National Conference of State Legislatures as a search-source...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260957/salt-reduction-in-china-a-state-of-the-art-review
#20
REVIEW
Shuai Shao, Yechu Hua, Ying Yang, Xiaojuan Liu, Jingruo Fan, An Zhang, Jingling Xiang, Mingjing Li, Lijing L Yan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the latest evidence on salt reduction initiatives in China in order to identify the contextual cost-effective interventions, as well as the barriers encountered during China's long march to reach its population salt reduction goal. BACKGROUND: Population-based salt reduction has been considered as one of the most cost-effective strategies in the world for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. China, along with its sustained economic growth, faces increasing burdens from chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and kidney diseases...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
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